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Full text of "Biographical and genealogical history of Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin counties, Indiana .."

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977.2 _ m:x5 

fX"" GENEALOGY COLLECTION 

1452663 



Gi^N 



3 1833 02402 2789 



BIOGRAPHICAL 

ANO 

GENEALOGICAL HISTORY 

OF 

Wayne, Fayette, Union and 
Franklin Counties, 



VOLUME I 

977.^ 

»''« CHICAGO 

THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 
1899 



iNrDEx:. 



Abliott, Joseph, 933. 
Addli'iiian, William S., 546. 
Alk'ii. lames B., liSO. 
Alvev,c;eora;e W., 834. 
Andres, Manin, 1054. 
Anness, William R.,1015. 
Appletcate, lohn A., 826. 
Applegate, "Mary, 826. 
Ardery, lames N., 503. 
Ault. 



•WS. 



1452663 



llaker, James S.. 905. 
liaker, Maxwell. 929. 
Baker, Walter S., 908. 
Ballard, Micajah B., 291. 
Ballint;er, Isaac, 659. 
Raliinger, Samuel H., 224 
Banes, William M., 638. 
Barbour, Francis, 1057. 
Barefoot, W. B., 50 i. 
Barnes, lobn W.,203. 
Bassett, David 1).. 1017. 
Baxter, William, 107. 
Bean, )ohn, .591. 
Beard, Everett R., 616. 
Beard, O. P., 935. 
Beard, Williani, 516. 
Beck, John W.,442. 
Beeson, Benjamin B., 645. 
Keeson, Beniamin F., 43. 
Beeson, Charles, 987. 
Beeson, Elwood, 571. 
Beeson, Florance K., 654. 
Beeson, Ge.orj.'e W., 879. 
Beeson, Lycuriius W.,626. 
Beeson, Marquis I)., 665. 
Beeson, O. H., 613. 
Benbow, Joseiih, 962. 
Benbow, Arthur T.. 963. 
Bennett, Thoma.s W., 392. 
Berry, Ann, 145. . 
Berry, Genrjie, 144. 
Berry. William H., 719. 
Best,' William P.. 1044. 
Bieshle, Alexander W., 10 
Bilby. Frantis M.. 46. 
Binkley, Charles C, 36. 
Bishop, Georu'e, 42S. 
Blacklidpe, Alfred, 6.56. 



Blose, John V., 1041. 
Bond, Ahner D., 104. 
Bopd, Henry T., 104. 
Bond, lesse, 104. 
Borton", Jesse D., 873. 
Bourne, Nathan, 948. 
Bowman, John, 583. 
Boyd, John C, 694. 
Bracken, William H., 880. 
Bradbury, William H., 265. 
Bradnck, As.i V., 958. 
Bra.lv, Inlin 1'.. 1008. 
Bniid.lus, HnMKM- M., 796. 
Bruokii.,111, |,.hii W"., .590. 
Brooks, lames E., 746. 
Brown, Franklin J., 820. 
Brown, Lewis J., 1019. 
Brown, Rebecca M., 229. 
Brown. Martin V., 139. 
Buckingham, George B., 781. 
Bulla, Daniel, 998. 
Bundrant, Charles H., 550. 
Bundy, John E., 226. 
Burbank, John A., 395. 
Burchenal, Charles H., 84. 
Burner, Jacob, 889. 
Bur-ess, Andrew, 211. 
Buri/oyni-, lulius C, 985. 
Burk.Elisha, 825. 
Burke, L. L., 536. 
Burkharl, John, 898. 
Burnside, Ambrose E., 48. 
Burnside, Edghill,221. 
Burnside, Thonias C, 219 
Burt, Aretus F., 185. 
Byram, .Silas 1)., 286. 



Callowav, John, 975. 
Campbell, Thomas, 330. 
Canaday, Nathan F, 567. 
Carpenter, Walter T., 235. 
Carter, Abraham S., 838. 
Carter, Calvin, 740. 
Case, Absalom R., 1029. 
Gates, Jesse, 3S4. 
Gates, Rebecca, 384. 
Chance, Euphrates I., 900. 
Chandlee, Webster, 938. 
Chrisman, Jesse, 684. 
Clark, Hezekiah,411. 
Claypool, .Austin B., 752. 



INDEX. 



Claypoiil, Benjamin F., 874. 
Clevenger, Francis M., 922. 
Clevenger, Joseph, 862. 
Clevenger, Samuel S., 455. 
Coddington, Benjamin F., 47 
Coffey, Bert, 974. 
Colburn, Clarence P., 727. 
Coleman, Rowland, 419. 
Conn, Clemenc, 892. 
Connaway, Joseph W., 374. 
Conwell, Abram B., 563. 
Cook, Alexander P., 748. 
Cook, John W.,682. 
Cook, William H., 71.8. 
Corrin-ton, Joseph, 848. 
Cory. Clement R., 816. 
Cranor. Milo, 253. 

Crist, Casiier c'., 690. 
Crist. Henry, 795. 
Crockett, Charles C, 402. 
Culhertson. lohn M., 944. 
Cully, l.eander J., 742. 
C unninshani, Robert A., 277. 
Ciirine, Arthur A., 376. 
Curry. iMilton, 976. 
Curry, Ralph, 9ti0. 
Custer. B. B., 292. 
Cutter, Henry, 471. 



D. 

Dale, Joseph, .541. 
Davis, Albert, .343. 
Davis. T Henrv, 670. 
I-teal, Beniaiuin F,, l,-,0. 
Deal.Otis F., 152. 
Decl,-r. Allvn S.,3(ll. 
Di-li;n-,.n, i;un. s 1 "><S 
D^'iiii .•v,"\\,'lliam ,S.,348. 
!>■-.;,, l-avul W., 17. 
l>.-iinis, Matt,,- C., 'JO. 
nerbyshirc, Kphraini, 31. 

I)iiks..n, lohn, 1037. "" ' 
Dilk.s C„ ;,rt;e K.,49S. 
Dilks, Wilham \V.,999. 
Dillinjr. l.cvi S., 7.55. 
Dillnian, l.iirtun D.. S.^4. 



J., 45 



D. Hid rid-, 

Dn,l,h-id.;,, M>,nkcai U., 98. 
Doty, John A., lo:d. 
Dougan, h.lm B.. 592. 
Dougherty, lames P., 318. 
Douthit, Charle.s, H21. 
Downs, Tlmmas, 34. 
Douns, William F., 116. 
l)ra|.i(T, Charles A., 739. 
Drul.^y, Flmer M., 57S. 
Drury, Isaac N.. 415. 
Dugdale, [ames K., 49.5. 
Dugdalc', Samuel C, 12(i. 
Du Hadway, Caleb S., 504. 
Du Hadway, Charles R., 505 



Egelston, Benjamin F., 1061. 
Eikenberry, Daniel, 260. 
Elliott, Jesse P., 749. 
Ellis, Elwood O., 436. 
Elwell, Hiram C, 1.53. 
Erb, William H. H., 886. 
Erk, Edward H„ 710. 
Exans, Isaac P., 302. 
Evans, Thomas D., 171. 



F. 

FaL,'an, William B., 697. 
Farl.uv. Willam S.,3fi6. 
Fer-uson. Charley, 7.32. 
Ferguson, Elizabeth, 706 
Ferguson, Linville. 704 
Ferguson, Oliver, 6.50. 
Finfrock, William, 731. 
Finney, loseph, 258. 
Fisher, James T., 839. 
Fletcher, Samuel F., 9.54. 
Ford, Thomas J., 608. 
Fosdick, Albert C, 445. 
Fox. Henrv C. 3. 
Freeman, Perry }.. 237. 
Fries, John A. ,711. 
Fi<,st, Hyatt I.„ 7(is. 
Fulghum, F. C, Ii(l4 
Fulghum, (). B., 242. 
Fulghum, Oscar E., Ii03. 



C.aar. Abram, 24. 
(iaar, Clem A., 26. 
Gaar Fanulv, The, 
(~.aar. Fielding, 30. 
C.aar, Jolin ,A1., 27. 

C.aar, "jonas,' .Sr.'. 2. 



(.ant, N\ 



el W., 
m. 10( 



41 II I. 



< .ardner, Stei>hen. .'171. 
Gardner, Warner, 386. 
Garwood, Nathan F., 281. 
Getz. Jacob, 512. 
Gifford, .Samuel A,, 996. 
Gifford, Thomas, 99li. 
Gilmore, |oseph C, 724. 
(7oble, Samuel H., S!I4. 
Goodwin, Charles F-, 803. 
Goodwin, John K., silO. 
Gordin, Si.nitim 1-;,, 11136. 
Gordon, J. liennnt, 205. 
Gordon, iMahlon C, 062. 
Graef, John L., 865. 
Graham, W. B.,364. 
Graver, Christian H., 435. 
Gray, J. E., 674. 
Grubb, Hezekiah, 114. 



Hackman, Joseph F., 1072. 
Had ley, Edwin, 263. 
Haman, John F., 120. 
Hamilton, Samuel N.,832. 
Hanilyn, Walter, 847. 
Hammond, lames, 1009. 
Handler, Weslev, 81.=.. 
Hanna, House .1, KiL'i;. 
Harold, Isa.ic S., 4(il. 
Harrell, Samuel S.. 1>)2. 
Harrell, Sarah C, I'.U. 
Harris. Branson L., 102. 
Harrison, Thomas H., 178. 
Harrison, Timothv, 17(i. 
Hartley, John iM.,'542. 
Harvey, Daniel T., 267. 
Harvev, Joseph J., 965. 
Hastings, E. R., 658. 
Hau^hlon, Richard E., 325. 
Hawkins. David, 994. 
Hawley, Andrew D., 299. 
HavVorth, David B., 4U6. 
Haworth, Richard M., 403. 
Hays, Joseph, 818. 
Hays, Josiah A., 818. 
Heim, George iM., 493. 
Henry, James W., 486. 
Henrv, lesse S., 367. 
Hen wood, |ohn S., 916. 
Higgs, Johh M., 197. 
High, Edwin W., 483. 
Hill, Benjamin, 341. 
Hill, Daniel, 413. 
Hill, George, 82. 
Hill, Kiitridge, 231. 
Hill, Lloyd k., 233. 
Himelick, John W., 1035. 
Hite, William, 10.50. 
Hoerner, David 1., 240. 
HotTman, A. Z., 1010. 
Holland, George, 55. 
Holliday, Martin V„ 810. 
Hoover, David, 183. 
Hoover, Elias M., 63.5. 
Hoover, Larkin, 290. 
Hoover, Lewis, 569. 
Hopkins, Edward, 1048. 
Hopkins, R, R., 312. 
Hoshour, Philip J., 9,50. 
Hosier, A. M., 06. 
Howell, Erastus H., 407. 
Howren, Guy B., 602. 
Hubbell, Charles W., 732. 
Huddleslon, Sdas, 660. 
Huff, Daniel, 805. 
Huff, Oliver N.,800. 
Hughes, Charles E., 518. 
Hughes, Isaac M., 474. 
Hunt, William M., 702. 
Hurst, Cyrus O., 141. 
Hurst, Horace L., 127. 
Hutton, Jesse NL, 307. 
Hutton.John H., :!32. 



J- 
Jackson, Caleb B., 609. 
Jackson, Richard, 346. 
Jay, Allen, 6. 
Jay, Eli, .574. 
Jemison, John K., 24i;. 
Johnson, Bcni.iimn, 448. 
Johnson, James H., 479. 
Johnson, lames ()., 269. 
lohnson, 'Melvne i\L, 433. 
lohnston, E. Dwight, 96. 
[ones, .•\bram B.. 931. 
Jones, Charles F., 992. 
Jones, Philip T., 966. 
Jones, P. T., 758. 
Jones, Sylvester H., 677. 
Jordan, Charles W., 309. 



Kaler, William S., 1046. 
Kamp, Henry F., 744. 
Kennedy. James P., 640. 
Kennepohl, Bernard A., 491. 
Kenworthy, |esse J., 228. 
J<err. |. IX, 21U. 
Kibbey, John F., 13.3. 
King, James K., .597. 
King, John, 799. 
Kinsey, Isaac E., 812. 
Klein, George L., 743, 
Koogle, John W., 560. 

L. 

Lacey, M, M., 389. 
Lackey, Charles L., 699. 
Lackey, John S.,234. 
La Fuze, Danford, 169. 
La Fuze, Joseph, 477. • 

Lamb, Isaac, lOOL 
Lamb, Phineas, .54. 
Lamberson, Samuel, 1065. 
Lamberson, William T., 1070. 
Land, Frank, 693. 
Land, Horatio N.,776. 
Langfermann, John B., 10.52. 
Lee, Anna C, 91.5. 
Lee. Isaac K., 915. 
Lee, Joseph J., 939. 
Lewis, Allen W., 29.5. 
Lewis, Charles S., 174. 
Lichtenfels, Peter, 1040. 
Limpus, Wdham F., 980. 
Lindemuth, Arthur C, 443. , 
Lvons, David, 682. 



M. 



Manlove, Allre( 
Manlove, John 



M..r . 




1 ^ 1~ 72'i 


]\!,..--' 


^1', , 


1; -J]':;, 


M,r ■ 


! ..-111.! 


1 1 1 1 1 , . , 'i-i 


Ah,r..^ 


("1 111 


- i;., ii;:i. 


Martin 


Ezra. 


-.40. 


Martin 


John 


s., us. 


Martin 


iaie, ]. 


nies W,, 2 


Mar^-^ 


, Charl 


-^. ."iS7. 


M.ir-.., 


. 1- .^.M 


li ^'ir,. 


M..-' 


I'm-iim 


ii'in F.', :yM 


Ma-M 


! '. \\ 


. :,U. 


Matli.- 


vs, H.., 


v\ F„ l)-24.. 


Maxw, 


11, Mii 


nn, 7ti2, 


Maze, 


..hii W 


., 4.:>u, 


MrXar 


V, |.m 


than, S2. 


McClu 


re, lohn H., H8B, 


McCra 


V, \\ . 1 


. .■{i;:-; 


MrCre 


iilv J-' 


los M., r,F 


McKa. 


an,'|. 




M.Ci, 


U-. I.'.li 


S.. 7'^. 


Mr(,M 


^^, l_1la 


-le> N., S'J'.I 


Mo(.-. 


w. Mel 


■Ilia h'.nl' 


Mrlnl. 


sh, Ja, 


les C, F^7. 


:\lclnt( 


sli, lames M., IW 


MrKtie 


, Uavi. 


1 w., sm. 


M.:Ke. 


«n, F. 


incif, ID.-.C. 


McK. 




,n, 47-J. 


M.K' 


1 y, i'a 


n. k, C''.!^. 



Me;,; Lliiisiian, in:,;:. 
Men.l. n'nall, Carver |., 42U. 
Men.!eiihall. W illiani, ::-J4. 
Me.-e,lith. Henrv C. 7N'J. 
Mer.-dith, S..loiii<in. 'J7F 
Mer.-.lith, N'nx'inia C, 4.VJ. 
\l--reM, William, (W;,. 

'■.-on. William H. H.,fi42 
': ' ' ■.lir.. 



ii;. Ali:],.!,. :>24. 
Moore, Keiiry H., 515. 
Moore, Joseph, IVtO. 
Monre, Matthia.s ^F, 4ili;. 
Moore, .Samuel, y»l. 
Moore, Theodore A„ 497. 
M., ore, William D., 497. 
Moorman, lienjaniin, 199. 
Moorman, Henry, 2«). 
Moorman, Richmond, 294. 
Moriran. David L., 778. 
Morgan, Nathan, 21(i. 
A!organ, Richard, 991. 
M irgan, Spencer, $9U. 
Morris, Samuel H., 180. 
M. -ton, Oliver, P„ 91. 
Mou, Thoiiias A.,499. 
Mount, Charles, 8811 
Muir. William H., 857. 
Mull. Philip L., 911. 
Munirer, Lazarus, 13. 
.Murray, W.T., 767. 



X. 

Xevvkirk, \\'illiam, 875. 
Newman, Edmund B., 79 
Newton, Abner N., 555. 
Nicholson, Timothy, 422. 
Nye, Zadock A., 439. 



O^born, .\i1iert G.. 409. 
O'sbcrn, Al..n/o, 1014. 
Osb.irn, Inlin, ;-;i4. 
Osborne, Clarenee W., Hb; 
Osburn. William, 103ii. 
Ostheimer, Simon, 928. 
Overhiser, Willard B., 68(>. 



Paddack, Cassandra E.. 91 
Paddack, Charles R., 912. 
Paige, Ralph A., 201. 
Parker, Samuel VV., 239. 
Parrv, M-irdecai, 509. 
Parrv, William, S4<;. 
ParrV, Webster, 511. 
Parsons, Cr.irue W., 417. 
I'axs.in, Isa.ic H„ 50S. 
Pearce, .\slier, 5S5. 
Peelle, h,hn, s(;4. 
Pelsnr, Peter D., (>23. 
Phillips, George W., 1051. 
Pierce, Elnn-r £., 759. 
Pierce, X. F.. SO. 
Pi-man Familv. The, 432. 
Pigman, (Jeorge W., 432. 
Powers, Thomas, 956. 
Price, Charles T., Sr., 526. 
Price, Joel B., 947. 

Quick, John H., 760. 
yuinn, Harlan R.,415. 
Ouinn, Jonathan B., 420. 



Kanck, Geoixe W., 904. 
RathlF Cornelius, 16.5. 
Ratlin, loseph C, 164. 
Ratiiff, Walter S.. 222. 
Reed, Frank 1., 456. 
Reed, Irven, 456. 
Reeves, James K., 63. 
Rehling, William, 73S. 
Reid. Daniel G., 320. 
Reid, Klla D., 322. 
-Reid. William D., 68. 
Reilel, Charles C. 1071. 
R.vn..ias, losiah lU'.l. 
Reynolds, ^Marcus D. L., 
Rklenour, Tobias M., 26.- 
Ridge, Jacob, 159. 
Riegel, David, 337. 



INDEX. 



R.iisbv. Iuhn,;f70. 
kik.T.'.Aios.-s, (;68. 
Rolihms. Cenr^e W., 538. 
R.ibbins, Ii.hnF., 252. 
RdliL-rts, Klizaheth, fJSB. 
Roberts. Frank C, 4t;:l 
Roberts. Jonathan. 121. 
Roberts, Thomas W., .'i72. 
Robinson, Hanson J,, 8T0. 
Rockwell, Wilham, s:',(l. 
Rodman, James .\., 794. 
Rose, lames C„ 4VI4. 
R.K.ts,' Francis M., 78:). 
Roots, Francis T., Kil. 
Ross. .Andrew I., lOtW. 
Roth, Willianr.A., tiilU. 
Rude Brothers Mnt\'. Co.. 3.58. 
Rude Family, The, Hr,x. 
Rude, Geortfe W., Ml'd. 
Rude, John' F.,:3I12. 
Rude, Squire ll. ;!(10. 



Sanders, Wesley, 1023. 
Schmuck, Moses, 589. 
Scholl, George, 87f;. 
.Schurman, Geort;e, f>i'4. 
Schuriuan, Henrv G., &A. 
.Sclnvr-Dumn, loseph, Sr., 105 
Scoti, Andrew F., 109. 
Scuti, Aii-ustiisC, ll;i. 
Scott, Fhas 1'., 173. 
Scott, Smith, 1060. 
Scott, William G., 72. 
Scott, William f., 1045. 
.Seal, Frank F.,"840. 
Seal, Henrv H., 775. 
S.-al. ioli,;; 1111.,-,. 
Sedu'wick, l.s],am,488. 
Sh.ihr, i.roruv W., 902. 
ShalVr, ].,>^-f\u '^90. 



Shields, Mar-aret, 5. 
Shipley, Samuel J., 218. 
Shirk. Andrew, 362. 
Shirk. John C, 352. 
Shively, Josiah, .562. 
Short, John H., 89. 
Showalter, James C, 724. 
Shult/, James, 1033. 
Sinks, Augustus M.. 072. 
Sinks, (ieorge M., 383. 
Sipe, Richard VV.,76. 
Skinner, John T., 632. 
Sinalley, Allison A., 872. 
Sinelser, Isham, 10(). 
Smelser, John, 106. 
Snielser, Nicholas, 276. 
Smith, Alpheus M., 764. 
Smith, Andrew J., 633. 



Smith, lienjamin, 926. 
Smith, Caleb 11., 319. 
Smith. Is.iac N'.. <i76. 



Smith. John 


W., 842. 


Smith, Lew 


is P., 248. 


Smith. Oliv 


.r H.,245. 


Sniollev. M 


,iud C, 957. 


Snvdei-; l,.s 


hiia M.,311. 


Spain-, |,.s.; 


ph D., 482. 


Si.arks.'Fli 


/.ibeth, 896. 


Sparks, Mil 


,1111, 896. 


S|.ekenhier 


.John A., 692. 




nren/o D., 600. 


Squier, (I.-, 


irge K., 769. 




eland H., 208. 


Stanley, Ah 


■s. /.. H., .398. 


Stanley, Za 


chariah |., .•«)7. 


Stanton, Fr 


anklin, 465. 


Starr, diarl 


;es W., .V_'9. 


Starr, janie 


s M.. XU. 


Starr, \\ illi 


.1111 C., "i-'d. 


St.irr, Willi 


.1111 ( '. ., ti'.l'.t. 


St. Cl.iir, !>: 


ihn \\ ., 11111:1. 


Sti-xi-n-; Sti 


■vch C '., SS4. 


Steyrnsim, 


(ir,,,-,. W , 339. 



Strattan, Sti-phi-n .s., 7,1 
Straltan, St,-plien S.. Ir., 
Straiih, CleopliHS, I'sil. 
Stu.irt, .\m<iS, -VJll. 
Surface .^ Flickinger, 46' 
Surface, Daniel, 469. 
Swain. Charles G., 255. 
Swift, Ferdinand S., 736. 



Talbert, Jabez, 388. 
Tatman, John M., .535. 
Te.i-lr, l.r.indrr A., .556. 
Teri,r. L.«i^ W., .548. 
Ti-nnis, iM-arl, 349. 



Test, Jam.- W ., 515. 
Test, William, 513. 
Test, Zar, hens, 148. 
Thistlethwaite, 'I'imothy, 261. 
Thomas, llUis, 357. 
Thomas, Franklin Y., 605. 
Thomas, John A., 982. 
Thompsr.n, John, 823. 
TlK,mp.<on, William .M.. 131. 
Thornbiirg, Oliver .M., 715. 

Thursion.Kli H., 843. 
Theistoii. losrpli M..5S0. 
Tm-I, . l,,hii W .. -.'97. 

r,,l.i-\, k.Mib, i .122. 

rruhl. I, P ,n.,n, 936. 
Truebi.H. , William N., 440. 
Trusl ,, .Milton, 9. 



Turner, lobn W.. 254. 
Tuttli-, Samuel, 111. 
Tyner, John H., 74. 



Uhl, John, 207. 

Union County Schools, 616. 

I'nthank, Charles R.. 722. 



Van Meter. J. Al., 845. 
\'oorhees. Herbert S., 264. 
\'oris, Oliver L., 67. 



\V. 

Waddell, Walter, 747. 
Waggoner, .^bram, 868. 
Waggoner, Lot S., 888. 
Watker, James H., 118. 
Wallace," Joseph, 942. 
Wallace, Lewis, 41. 
Ward, George W., 838. 
Watt, Anthony, 728. 
Watt, Robert, 859. 
Waist, Jacob R., 186. 
Westcott, John M., 124. 
White, Alexander S., 689. 
Whitesell, Samuel C, 427. 
Whitney, Asa T., 681. 
Whitney, Isaac W., 918. 



Whitridgc, lohn C, 816. 
Wilev. Adohiiah, 978. 
Wilev. Cnrntiius E., 1021. 
Wilev, S,,encer. 720. 
Williams, Albert E., 93. 
Williams, Charles R., 852. 
Williams, Joseph B., 552. 
Williams, Olive, 835. 
Williams, Richard, 595. 
Williams, Thomas, 837. 
Williamson, Franklin, 480. 
Wilson, Lemuel J., 878. 
Wineburg-, W. E., 971. 
Wissler, Benjamin P., 304. 
Witter, Joseph, 467. 
Wolfe, John E., 486. 
Wood, Alexander, 350. 
Wood, John, 466. 
Wood, William L., 351. 
Worster, Thomas W., 565. 
Wright, C. T., 737. 
Wright, Frank A., 883. 
Wright, John, 8&3. 

Y. 

Yager, loseph, 700. 
Yocom,' William M., 696. 
Young, >L L., 701. 



Zacharias. William J., 7S6 
Zeller, Daniel K., 568. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



Out of the depths of his mature wisdom Carlyle wrote: " History is 
the essence of innumerable biographies. " Farther than this what propriety 
can there be in advancing reasons for the compilation of such a work as the 
one at hand.' The group of counties embraced in this work has sustained 
within its confines men who have been prominent in the history of the state 
and nation from the early pioneer epoch of the middle west. Its annals teem 
with the records of strong and noble manhood and womanhood, and, as Sum- 
ner said, "The true grandeur of nations is in those qualities which constitute 
the true greatness of the individual." The final causes which shape the 
fortunes of individual men and the destinies of states are often the sanje. 
They are usually remote and obscure; their influence wholly unexpected until 
declared by results. When they inspire men to the exercise of courage, self- 
denial, enterprise, industry, and call into play the higher moral elements; 
lead men to risk all upon conviction, faith, — such causes lead to the planting 
of great states, great nations, great peoples. That nation is greatest which 
produces the greatest and most manly men, and the intrinsic safety depends 
not so much upon methods and measures as upon that true manhood from 
whose deep sources all that is precious and permanent in life must at last pro- 
ceed. Such a result may not consciously be contemplated by the individuals 
instrumental in the production of a great nation. Pursuing each his personal 
good by exalted means, they work out this as a logical result. They have 
wrought on the lines of the greatest good. 

Ceaselessly to and fro flies the deft shuttle which weaves the web of 
human destiny, and into the vast mosaic fabric enter the individuality, the 
effort, the accomplishment of each man, be his station that most lowly, or 
one of majesty, pomp and power. Within the textile folds may be traced 
the line of each individuality, be it the one that lends the beautiful sheen of 
honest worth and honest endeavor, or one that, dark and zigzag, finds its 
way through warp and woof, marring the composite beauty by its blackened 
threads, ever in evidence of the shadowed and unprolific life. Into the great 
aggregate each individuality is merged, and yet the essence of each is never 
lost, be the angle of its influence wide-spreading and grateful, or narrow and 
baneful. In his efforts he who essays biograph\- finds much of profit and 



X INTRODUCTORY. 

much of alluring fascination when he would follow out, in even a cursory 
way, the tracings of a life history, seeking to find the keynote of each respect- 
ive personality. These efforts and their resulting transmission can not fail of 
value in an objective way, for in each case may the lesson of life be conned, 
"line upon line; precept upon precept." 

Whether the elements of success in life are innate attributes of the indi- 
vidual, or whether they are quickened by a process of circumstantial devel- 
opment, it is impossible to clearly determine. Yet the study of a successful 
life is none the less interesting and profitable by reason of the existence of 
this same uncertaint}-. So much in excess of those of successes are the rec- 
ords of failures or semi-failures that one is constrained to attempt an analysis 
in either case and to determine the method of causation in an appro.ximate 
way. The march of improvement and progress is accelerated day by day, 
and each successive moment seems to demand of men a broader intelligence 
and a greater discernment than did the preceding. Successful men must be 
live men in this age, bristling with activity, and the lessons of biography 
may be far-reaching to an extent not superficially evident. A man's reputa- 
tion is the property of the world. The laws of nature have forbidden isola- 
tion. Every human being either submits to the controlling influence of 
others, or, as a master, wields a power for good or evil on the masses of 
mankind. There can be no impropriety in justly scanning the acts of any 
man as they affect his public, social and business relations. If he be honest 
and successful in his chosen field of endeavor, investigation will brighten his 
fame and point the path along which others may follow with like success. 
Not alone are those worthy of biographic honors who have moved along the 
loftier planes of action, but to an equal extent are those deserving who are 
of the rank and file of the world's workers, for they are not less the con- 
servators of public prosperity and material advancement. 

Longfellow wrote, "We judge ourselves by what we feel capable of 
doing, while others judge us by what we have already done." If this golden 
sentence of the New England bard were uniformly applied, many a man who 
is now looking down with haughty stare upon the noble toilers on land and 
sea, sneering at the omission of the aspirate, the cut of his neighbor's coat or 
the humbleness of his dwelling, would be voluntarily doing penance in sack- 
cloth and ashes, at the end of which he would handle a spade or, with pen in 
hand, burn the midnight oil in his study, in the endeavor to widen the bounds 
of liberty or to accelerate the material and spiritual progress of his race. The 
humble and lowly often stand representative of the truest nobility of char- 
acter, the deepest patriotism and the most exalted purpose, and through all 
the gradations of life recognition should be had of the true values and then 
should full appreciation be manifested. 



INTRODUCTORY. xi 

In the Biographical and Genealogical History of W'ajne, Fajette, Union 
and Franklin counties the editorial staff, as well as the publishers, have fully 
realised the magnitude of the task set them. The work is purely biographical 
in its province, and in the collation of material for the same there has been a 
constant aim to use a wise discrimination in regard to the selection of sub- 
jects, and yet to exclude none worthy of representation within its pages. 
Those who have been prominent factors in the public, social and industrial 
makeup of the counties in the past have been given due recognition as far as 
it has been possible to secure the requisite data. Names worthy of perpetu- 
ation here have in several instances been omitted, either on account of the 
apathetic interest of those concerned or the inability to secure the information 
demanded. Yet, in both the contemporary narrative and the memoirs of 
those who have passed on to ' ' that undiscovered country from whose bourne 
no traveler returns," it is believed that there has been such utilization of 
material as to more than fulfill all stipulations and promises made at the 
inception of the undertaking. 

In the compilation recourse has been had to divers authorities, including 
various histories and historical collections, and implying an almost endless 
array of papers and documents, public, private, social and ecclesiastical. 
That so much matter could be gathered from so many original sources and 
then sifted and assimilated for the production of a single work without incur- 
ring a modicum of errors and inaccuracies, would be too much to e.\pect of 
any corps of writers, no matter how able they might be as statisticians or 
skilled as compilers of such works. It is, nevertheless, believed that no 
inaccuracies of a serious nature can be found to impair the historical value of 
the volumes, and it is further believed that the results will supply the demand 
which called forth the efforts of the publishers and the editorial corps. 

To other and specific histories has been left the task of touching the 
general histor\' of the counties, for the function of this work is a,side frorti 
this and is definite in its scope, so that a recapitulation would be out of har- 
mony with the compilation. However, the incidental references made to 
those who have been the important actors in the public and civic history of 
the counlj' will serve to indicate the generic phases and will shadow forth 
much to those who can "read between the lines." In conclusion we can 
not do better than to quote another of Carlyle's terse aphorisms: "There is 
no heroic poem in the world but is at bottom a biography, — the life of a 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY 

...OF ... 

WAYNE, FAYETTE, UNION and FRANKLIN COUNTIES 



THE GAAR FAMILY. 

If a complete account of the events which form the history of Wayne 
county were written no name would appear more frequently or figure more 
prominently in connection with leading events than that of Gaar. Through 
many decades representatives of the family have been important factors in 
the public life, especially that department bearing on the industrial and com- 
mercial development whereby the growth and prosperity of the county has 
been assured. From the Fatherland came the first American ancestors, who 
left their Bavarian home and crossed the Atlantic to the shores of the New 
World. Their first location was made in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
whence they removed at a later date to Virginia. In 1807 the first settle- 
ment of the family was made in Wayne county, then a wild western region 
on the very borders of civilization. The Indians had not departed for west- 
ern hunting grounds, fleeing before the oncoming tide of civilization; the for- 
ests stood in their primeval strength, and the broad prairies had been 
unturned by the plow. 

Such was the condition of the country into which Abraham Gaar made 
his way more than four score years ago. He was born in Madison county, 
Virginia, February 28, 1769, and was there reared to manhood. He mar- 
ried Miss Dinah Weaver, who was likewise born in the Old Dominion and 
was also of German lineage. In 1805 they became pioneers of Kentucky, 
and in 1807 they made their wa\' to Wayne county, Indiana, locating in what 
is now Boston township, where Abraham Gaar secured one hundred and 
sixty acres of land from the government. A little clearing was soon made 
and a log cabin erected. Then other trees were cut down and such veg- 
etables and grains planted as would supply the family with the necessaries of 
life. As the years passed, however, and the work of development was con- 
tinued, the entire tract was placed under a high state of cultivation, and wav- 
ing fields of grain svere seen where once stood the uncut timber. The father 



2 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

of the family thus took an active part in reclaiming the wild tract for the 
uses of civilization, and was active in promoting the agricultural interests of 
the count)'. His untiring industry, energy and well directed efforts at length 
were crowned with success, and ere the end of his earthly pilgrimage he found 
himself in possession of a good home and a comfortable competence. His 
religious obligations were never neglected, and even in the days when 
churches had not been established, and when ministers had not found their 
way into the new region, he gathered his family around him for worship on 
the first day of the week, and was ever observant of his Christian duties as a 
member of the Baptist church. His wife was alike faithful and earnest, and 
they gave a generous support to the erection of a house of worship in their 
locality and to the establishment of a Baptist congregation. Having for 
more than half a century borne an important part in the development and 
upbuilding of Wayne county, Abraham Gaar passed to his final rest August 
20, 1 861, and his wife died September 26, 1834, at the age of sixty-six years, 
ten months and one day. 

This worthy couple were the parents of eight children: Jonas; Fielding, 
•who died in Utah; Larkin, who resided on the old family homestead in Bos- 
ton township, Wayne county; Abel, who made his home in Michigan; Fan- 
nie, deceased wife of William Lamb, of Iowa; Rosa, deceased wife of John 
Ingels; Martha, who was the wife of Jeptha Turner; and Eliza J., wife of 
Thomas Henderson, of Iowa. All of this family are now deceased except 
Eliza J. 

Jonas Gaar, who was the eldest, was born in Madison county, Virginia, 
February i, 1792, and came with the family to Wayne county in 1807. He 
was therefore reared amid the wild scenes of frontier life, enduring many of 
the hardships and privations which fall to the lot of the pioneer. He pur- 
sued his studies in a log school-house, but acquired his education largely 
through self-culture. He was a great reader and a close observer of men and 
events, and in the busy affairs of life added greatly to his knowledge. He 
and his younger brother. Fielding, were soldiers in the war of 1812, doing 
duty on the frontier in defence of the homes and lives of the border settlers. 
He assisted in the work of the home farm until attaining his majority, when 
he resolved to learn a trade, and took up that of cabinet-making. In 1820 
he established a little cabinet shop of his own in Richmond, where he carried 
on business for a number of years. 

In 1836 he extended his operations into other fields of labor by estab- 
lishing a foundry and machine shop, in connection with Abel Thornbury and 
Job W. Swain. The plant was operated by a rotary steam engine, the first 
steam engine in the county, but the enterprise was conducted for only a few 
years, and for a decade thereafter Jonas Gaar was connected with other busi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 3 

ness lines. In 1849, in connection with his sons, Abram and John M., and 
his son-in-law, William G. Scott, he purchased of Jesse M. and John H. 
Hutton their machine works, which later became the extensive Spring foundry, 
then A. Gaar & Company and lastly the Gaar, Scott & Company's machine 
works. This was the foundation for the present mammoth establishment 
now conducted under the last mentioned title. Mr. Gaar, his two sons and 
his son-in-law, were all natural mechanics and soon the old foundry business 
was placed upon a paying business basis and its patronage steadily increased. 
Prior to this time it had never been a profitable enterprise. On the ist of 
April, 1870, the name was changed to Gaar, Scott & Company, and Jonas 
Gaar continued to be identified therewith until his death, which occurred 
June 21, 1875. In 1870 the business was incorporated with a paid-up capi- 
tal of four hundred thousand dollars. Abram Gaar then became president 
of the company, and so continued until his death. 

In 1818 Jonas Gaar was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Watson, a 
native of Kentucky, and they became the parents of eight children: Abram, 
born November 14, 1819; Malinda, born November 11, 1821; John Milton, 
born May 26, 1823; Samuel W., born October 22, 1824; Fielding, born Jan- 
uary I, 1827; Emeline, born June 16, 1829; Elizabeth, born June 27, 1831; 
and Fannie A., born October 5, 1853. All have now passed away with the 
exception of John M., Fielding, Emeline Land and Elizabeth Campbell. The 
father died June 21, 1875, and the mother's death occurred November 8, 
1863. Though his business demanded much of his attention, he yet found 
time to labor for the advancement of many movements and measures cal- 
culated to benefit the community and promote the welfare of his fellow men. 
He was a public-spirited, progressive citizen, honored for his integrity in 
industrial life, for his fidelity to every trust, and his faithfulness to family 
and friends. A portrait of Jonas Gaar appears as frontispiece of this volume. 

JUDGE HENRY C. FOX. 
Henry Clay Fox, judge of the circuit court of Wayne county, and a dis- 
tinguished jurist of eastern Indiana, was born near West Elkton, Preble 
county, Ohio, on the 20th day of January, 1836, a son of Levi and 
Rebecca (Inman) Fox, the former of English and the latter of Irish lineage. 
On the paternal side he is descended from the celebrated Fox family of Eng- 
land that furnished to that nation some of its most eminent and prominent 
representatives. His grandfather, Thomas Fox, was a native of New Jersey 
and there spent his entire life, devoting his energies to farming. He was 
quiet and unassuming in manner, but merited and gained the high regard of 
his neighbors and friends. His wife bore the maiden name of Nancy Pitman, 
and was a native of New York. Levi Fox also was a native of New Jersey, 



4 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

where he spent the days of his boyhood and youth. In 1810 he removed to 
Preble county, Ohio, where he was extensively engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits until his death, which occurred in 1867. He was a practical, progress- 
ive and enterprising fanner and met with very gratifying success in his under- 
taking. His wife passed away in 1846. In politics he was an ardent Whig, 
and a great admirer and a supporter of Henry Clay, whose name he bestowed 
upon his young son, — the future judge of the Wayne county circuit court. 
Both he and his wife were active and influential members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and their labors largely promoted its usefulness. Mr. 
Fox took a commendable interest in everything pertaining to the general 
welfare, and was one of the prime movers of the Eaton & Hamilton Railroad, 
doing much good to secure its location and completion. He was public- 
spirited, loyal to American institutions, and by his activity in public affairs, 
as well as by his upright character, won the respect of all with whom he came 
in contact. 

Judge Fox spent the days of his childhood and youth in the place of his 
nativity, and having acquired his preliminary education in the public schools 
continued his studies in Whitewater College, in Centerville, Indiana. In 
i860 he removed from Preble county to Centerville, which was then the 
county seat of Wayne county, and began the study of law under the direction 
of George W. Julian, a very able attorney, who recently died in Irvington, 
Indiana. After pursuing a thorough course and largely familiarizing himself 
with the underlying principles of jurisprudence, Mr. Fox was admitted to the 
bar in 1861, but, instead of devoting his energies to building up a practice, he 
put aside all personal considerations and offered his services to the govern- 
ment, becoming a member of Company C, Fifty-seventh Indiana Infantry. 
He was made first lieutenant and served for thirteen months, at the end of 
which time he was forced to resign on account of failing health. During that 
time, however, he participated in the hard-fought battle of Pittsburg Landing. 

After his return home Lieutenant Fox began the practice of law, and for 
that purpose formed a partnership with Judge Nimrod H. Johnson, under the 
firm name of Johnson & Fox. Judge Johnson was the father of the Hon. 
Henry U. Johnson, late representative in congress from this district. In 
1875 Judge Fox removed from Centerville to Richmond, and has since made 
his home in this city. He opened an office and successfully engaged in prac- 
ticing law. In 1862 Judge Fox was elected district attorney for the common- 
pleas district, composed of the counties of Wayne, Union, Fayette and 
Franklin. In 1864 he was re-elected, serving in all four years in this office. 
In the year 1878 Mr. Fox was elected judge of the Wayne superior court, 
which office he held until the office was abolished. On the 25th day of 
August, 1892, he was, by Governor Chase, appointed a judge on the appel- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 5 

late bench of Indiana. He was nominated for this position in that year by 
the Republican party. At the regular fall election he was defeated with the 
balance of the Republican ticket. In the year 1896 Judge Fox was elected 
judge of the seventeenth judicial circuit of Indiana, which position he now 
holds. Judge Fox commands the respect and attention of the bar who prac- 
tice before him, as well as of the voters who elected him. 

In politics the Judge has been an ardent Republican all his life, uncom- 
promising in his political views. For thirty-five years he has been a member 
of the Masonic fraternity. He is now a member of Richmond Lodge, Rich- 
mond, Indiana. 

In May, 1S61, Judge Fox was married to Helen S. Linsley, of Trumbull 
county, Ohio. She was of Scotch and Welsh descent. She was at the time 
he married her a teacher of music, and they first met in the town of Seven- 
mile, Butler county, Ohio, where Miss Linsley was teaching music for the 
celebrated Professor Hanby, who was the author of the well known song, 
"Nellie Gray," and other popular ballads. 

Judge Fox and his wife now have three living children: Francis L. Fox 
is an attorney in the city of Richmond. Frederick H. Fox was, in Decem- 
ber, 1898, by the federal government, appointed in the postal service for 
Cuba, and was assigned to the city of Bayamo, military station No. 22, in 
the province of Santiago de Cuba, as postmaster. This position he held 
until May, 1899, when he was transferred to Baracoa, in the same province, 
at which place he now is acting as postmaster. Florence J. Fox is the third 
child. She is an artist of rare ability, her specialty being in oil painting of 
animals. She also excels as a painter of portraits. She was for some time 
a pupil under Professor Bell, of New York. 

The Judge has also had some experience in literary matters, having a 
very fine library of miscellaneous books. He, as a matter of recreation, has 
indulged in some literary work, principally of a humorous character. He won 
considerable reputation by the publication of a book entitled "The Advent- 
ures of a Philosopher, a Dun Mule and a Brindle Dog," of which two editions 
were quickly sold. The book is now out of print and probably will never be 
reprinted. The Judge has never been a society man, but has all his lifebeen 
a hard worker, confining himself to his profession and to his family. 

MISS MARGARET SHIELDS. 
Miss Shields is well known to the residents of Connersville township, 
and her home, adjoining the city of Connersville, is a most beautiful spot, 
has been in the family for years, and many tender memories cluster around the 
grand old place. The name is an honored one in Fayette county, Indiana, 
Miss Shields having secured a warm place in the affections of a wide circle of 



6 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

friends who esteem her for the many estimable quahties she possesses, as 
well as for the fact that she is a daughter of the late Ralston and Anna 
(Huston) Shields. Her grandparents were Robert and Nancy Shields, the 
former a native of Ireland, whence he came to America with his parents in 
his childhood. They settled in the state of Pennsylvania in early -colonial 
times and prior to the war of the Revolution and there his life was passed. 
Ralston Shields was one of a family of seven children and was the first 
to venture into the western country. He was born in 1790, in Franklin 
county, Pennsylvania, and remained a resident of the Keystone state until 
1817, the year after Indiana was admitted into the Union, when he came 
here and purchased a tract of land, in Fayette county, some two and one- 
half miles west of the present site of Connersville. The following year he 
returned to his native state and was married to Miss Anna Huston, daughter 
of William and Margaret Huston, whose relatives fought in the Revolutionary 
war. He brought his young bride to his Indiana home and there they lived 
a short time, until he had an opportunity to sell the land to advantage, 
which he did, buying other property farther west in the same township. 
Here their children were born and reared. His death occurred in 1859, when 
he was almost seventy years of age. His wife survived him more than a 
quarter of a century, dying in 1887, at the advanced age of ninety-one years. 
Ralston Shields was always industrious and upright and enjoyed the confidence 
and respect of his fellow citizens to a remarkable extent. Both he and his 
wife were reared in the Presbyterian faith and their lives were patterned after 
the Divine model. More to be esteemed than all the property left to the 
children, is the heritage of a good name and worthy parentage with which they 
endowed them. Six children were born to them, namely: William, Robert, 
John, James, Benjamin and Margaret. Three of these are living, — Robert, a 
resident of the state of Kansas; James, a resident of California; and Mar- 
garet, our subject, who resides on the homestead which was shared by her 
twin brother, Benjamin, until his death, in 1896. 

REV. ALLEN JAY. 
One of the most prominent ministers of the Society of Friends is Rev. 
Allen Jay, who is known throughout the entire countr}' among the people of 
his denomination. He was born in Miami county, Ohio, on the iith of 
October, 1831, and is a son of Isaac and Rhoda (Cooper) Jay. The family 
is of English origin, and its members have long been orthodox Quakers. 
The father was a native of Miami county, born February 19, 181 1, on the 
old homestead which had been settled by his father at a very early period in 
the history of the Buckeye state. There he was reared, and when he was 
married he took his bride to the old home place. He carried on agricult- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 7 

ural pursuits for many years. For thirty-five years he was connected with 
the ministry of the Friends' church and traveled extensively over the coun- 
try, preaching the doctrines in which he so firmly believed. He also engaged 
in teaching for a few years after his marriage, and possessed a good educa- 
tion for that day. In his evangelistic work he visited all sections of the 
United States and won the love and confidence of the Friends throughout the 
country. He was a member of the representative meeting, clerk of the 
quarterly meeting and filled many other offices. In 1850 he sold his property 
in Ohio, and removed with his entire family to Indiana, locating at Marion, 
Grant county, where he died in 1880. He had four sons and one daughter, 
Allen, of this review being the eldest. Milton, a prominent physician of 
Chicago, was for some time dean of the Bennett Eclectic Medical College of 
that city, — in fact was one of its organizers. He resigned his position, how- 
ever, in 1890, and afterward served as director of the Cook county hospital. 
He is one of the most able physicians of Chicago, especially skilled in sur- 
gery, and is now leading surgeon of the Rock Island Railroad Company. 
Walter D. died on a farm near Marion, Grant county, Indiana, when thirty- 
seven years of age. Abijah formerly followed farming, but sold out and is 
now a general business man of Marion, Indiana. Mary E. is the wife of 
Asa Baldwin, and a minister of the Friends meeting, of Marion, Indiana. 

Rev. Allen Jay spent his boyhood days under the parental roof and 
attended school through the winter seasons, while in the summer months he 
assisted in the cultivation of the fields. After the removal of the family to 
Marion, this state, in 1850, he entered Friends' boarding school (now Earl- 
ham College) at Richmond, where he spent some time, then was a student 
in the Farmers' Institute, at Lafayette, Indiana, for one year. He next 
became a student in Antioch College, where he remained until the spring of 
1854, when he turned his attention to farming. He located on a tract of 
land on the Wea plains, near Lafayette, and there carried on agricultural 
pursuits until 1867. In 1864 he became a minister in the Friends' meeting, 
and through the three successive years both farmed and preached. In the 
autumn of 1867 he was appointed superintendent of a work projected by the 
"Baltimore Association of Friends," under the presidency of Francis Y. 
King. The war had left Friends, in common with other people, destitute in 
North Carolina and Tennessee, and Mr. Jay was appointed to ascertam their 
needs and improve their condition. Making his home at High Point, North 
Carolina, he traveled extensively over those two states, alleviating the tem- 
poral sufferings of the Friends, building up churches, establishing schools, 
preaching and teaching among the people of those districts. He established 
thirty-one schools, with an enrollment of three thousand students, and told 
the gospel message to the people in many districts. He had the oversight of 



8 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the work embraced within nine churches in Tennessee, and twenty-two in 
North Carohna, and during most of the time his work necessitated his driving 
from place to place, so that this period was not without its hardships; yet he 
regards it as the greatest work of his life. 

After eight years of such service Mr. Jay turned his work over to the 
yearly meeting of North Carolina. In 1875 he went to Europe, visiting the 
churches in England, Scotland, Ireland and Norway. In 1877 he went to 
Providence, Rhode Island, where he served as treasurer and minister of the 
Friends' boarding school, which had an enrollment of two hundred and fifty 
boys and girls. There he remained for four years, after which he came to 
Earlham College, in 1881, acting as superintendent and treasurer, while his 
wife filled the position of matron. For six years he labored in that institution, 
during which time he raised a large amount of money for the school and for 
the erection of two substantial and commodious college buildings, — Lindley 
and Parry Halls. In 1887 he removed to his new home near the college, 
and has since served as one of its trustees and as solicitor for the college, 
raising money in all parts of this country and in England and Ireland for the 
institution. He has for six years been superintendent of the evangelistic and 
pastoral work of the Indiana yearly meeting, retiring from that position in 
1895. He has visited all the yearly meetings of the Friends Society in the 
world and is well known throughout this country in connection with his 
church work. 

Mr. Jay was united in marriage to Miss Martha Ann Sleeper, who was a 
native of Ohio, but when two years old was taken by her parents to Tippe- 
canoe county, Indiana, where she was married in 1854. Five children have 
been born to them: Rhoda died at the age of six years. Charles died at the 
age of fifteen months. William died in West Richmond, in 1897. He was 
graduated at the Providence boarding school, studied medicine under the 
direction of his uncle. Dr. Milton Jay, of Chicago, and was graduated in the 
Bennett Medical College of that city in 1882. He practiced for six years in 
Richmond and then removed to New Sharon, Iowa, where he successfully 
practiced until 1896, when, on account of failing health, he retired. He 
died in 1897, 3-t the age of thirty-seven years. Edwin is a farmer, living 
near Richmond, Indiana. Isaac is with his father in Richmond. 

Rev. Allen Jay is now serving as preacher of the East Main Street 
Friends meeting, a position he has occupied for the past eleven years, the 
society having no regular preacher. Thus almost his entire life has been 
devoted to the work of instructing men in the higher things of life, and his 
labors have been followed by excellent results; but who can measure the 
influence for good.'' Not until the heavenly record is read will it be known 
how great is the work that he has accomplished. His own career, in perfect 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 9 

harmony with his teachings, has won him the love and respect of all, and he 
well deserves mention in the history of his adopted county. 

Since writing the foregoing sketch, Mr. Jay's wife has passed away. 
The following obituary notice we quote from the American Friend: 

Martha Ann Jay, a daughter of Buddell and Elizabeth H. Sleeper, was born tenth 
month, 22d, 1883, in Clark county, Ohio, and died at her home, opposite Earlham College, 
Richmond, Indiana, fourth month, 27th, 1899, aged sixty-five years, six months and five days- 
Her parents moved to Tippecanoe county, Indiana, when she was two years old. She was 
married to Allen Jay on ninth month, 20th, 1864, and they settled on a farm near the old home, 
where their five children were born, and the two eldest died, the third one dying fifteen months 
ago in the same room she died in. In 1868 she, with her husband, moved to Bush Hill (now 
Archdale), North Carolina. After nine years they moved to Friends' Boarding School, Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island. After spending four years there, in 1881 they went to Earlham College, 
where she served as matron for six years, and then retired to the home where she died. 
Martha A. Jay was of a retiring disposition, never seeking popularity. Converted at the age of 
seventeen, she endeavored to carry Christianity in all her life work. She was much interested 
in humane work among the children, the birds and all dumb animals; for several years had a 
band of mercy in her own home and one in the Orphan Home near by. She was appointed an 
elder at an early age, and held that position in the four different yearly meetings to which she 
belonged. She was a great strength to her husband, who was, as -a minister, often called to 
labor away from home; she never murmured at the separation, but encouraged him to faithful- 
ness when the Master called. She bore a long illness with Christian resignation; the closing 
hours were peaceful; the last audible words were: "Blessed! Blessed!" "Blessed are the 
dead that die in the Lord! " 

MILTON TRUSLER. 

Not all men order their lives to their liking; nor yet are all men true to 
themselves in living as nearly to their ideals as possible and attaining to such 
heights as their opportunities and talents render accessible. We now turn 
to one who has done much and done it well, wherein all honor lies. Not a 
pretentious or exalted life has been his, but one that has been true to itself 
and its possibilities, and one to which the biographer may revert with a feel- 
ing of respect and satisfaction. 

Hon. Milton Trusler's identification with the history of that section of 
Indiana with which this compilation has to do has been one of ancestral as 
well as individual nature, and would on that score alone demand considera- 
tion in this connection; but such has been his personal prominence in posi- 
tions of public trust and responsibility; such his influence in furthering the 
progress and material prosperity of the state at large, that his individual dis- 
tinction clearly entitles him to representation in this work. Back to that 
cradle of much of our national history, the Old Dominion, must we turn in 
tracing the lineage of the subject of this review. He was born in Franklin 
county, Indiana, on the 31st of October, 1825, the son of Samuel W. and 
Martha (Curry) Trusler. The original representative of the family in Indiana 
was James Trusler, grandfather of the subject of this review, who was a 
native of Virginia, where he was reared to manhood and there married. 



10 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

About the year 1812 he emigrated with his family to the wilds of the Hoosier 
state, coming to Franklin county and settling on a tract of excellent land in 
the vicinity of the present little village of Fairfield. Here he developed a 
good farm, upon which he passed the residue of his days, passing away 
about the year 1 840, at the age of eighty-two. He was a man of strong 
individuality and upright life, being known as one of the successful and influ- 
ential farmers of this section, where he was uniformly honored and respected, 
by reason of his sterling character. In his religious adherency he was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he was a most devout 
and earnest worker. 

In the family of James Trusler were five sons and two daughters. Of 
these Samuel Wilson Trusler, the father of our subject, was born in Virginia 
on the 9th of July, 1795, and accompanied his parents on their removal to 
Indiana in the early pioneer days. In 1830 he removed to Jackson township, 
Fayette county, this state, where he thereafter continuously devoted his 
attention to agricultural pursuits until called from the scene of life's labors. 
He owned a farm of one hundred and forty acres, which he brought under 
most effective cultivation, bringing to bear those methods and that judgment 
which insure success. The old homestead farm is now owned by his son, the 
subject of this review. Samuel W. Trusler was in politics a stanch supporter 
of the Whig party, and though he had no predilection for official preferment, 
he was called upon to serve in certain township offices and was for many 
years a school director, maintaining a lively concern in all that conserved 
the public welfare. While other members of the family had clung tenaciously 
to the tenets of the Methodist church, his intellectual powers led him to adopt 
somewhat more liberal views, and he became a zealous and devoted member 
of the Universalist church; ordering his life consistently with the faith which 
he espoused. The death of Mr. Trusler occurred on his farm August 4, 1846, 
and the community realized that a true and noble character had been with- 
drawn from their midst. His devoted wife had been summoned into eternal 
rest in 1838, at the age of thirty-four years, her birth having occurred on the 
4th of July, 1804. 

Of the children of Samuel W. and Martha (Curry) Trusler five grew to 
maturity, and of these we offer the following epitomized record: Nelson, 
who was born in Franklin county, Indiana, May 13, 1822, died at Indian- 
apolis, in 1878, aged fifty-six years. He was one of the representative mem- 
bers of the bar of the state and wielded a wide influence in political affairs. 
He served for three years in the war of the Rebellion, having held commis- 
sion as colonel of the Eighty-fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He had 
held distinguished public preferment, having served as secretary of state and. 
being the incumbent as attorney general of Indiana at the time of his death. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 11 

He was engaged in the practice of his profession at Connersville for a num- 
ber of years, after which he removed to the capital city of the state, where 
his death occurred. The next of the family is Mrs. Mary J. Barnard, widow 
of William D. Barnard, of Indianapolis. She was born November 9, 1S27. 
Gilbert, who was born in Franklin county, on the 21st of July, 1830, died in 
Indianapolis. He was a lawyer by profession, and was engaged in practice 
at Connersville. At the time of the war of Rebellion he effected the organiza- 
tion of the Thirty-sixth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, with which he went 
to the front as captain, being promoted major before the expiration of his 
term of service. He served as mayor of Connersville, was county clerk for 
two terms and was Fayette county's representative in the state legislature. 
Thomas J. Trusler was born February 11, 1838. Like his brothers, he was 
a member of the bar of the state, having been engaged in the practice of his- 
profession in Connersville and Liberty for a number of years, after which he 
located in Indianapolis. He served as deputy secretary of state under his 
brother Nelson and also under Hon. W. W. Curry. 

Of the children who grew to maturity the subject of this review, Milton 
Trusler, was the second eldest, and his career, like that of his brothers, has 
conferred dignity and honor upon the state. He was five years of age at the- 
time his parents took up their abode on the farm in Jackson township, and at 
the old homestead he was reared under the sturdy and invigorating discip- 
line of farm life. It is interesting to revert to the fact that he never wavered 
in his allegiance to the great basic art of agriculture during the long years of 
his active business life. It is still more worthy of note that for sixty-five 
years he lived on the old family homestead, which is still owned by him and 
from which he removed only when prompted to seek retirement from the 
active labors protracted over many years and crowned with merited success. 
Mr. Trusler received his educational training in the common schools, com- 
pleting a course of study in the high school at Liberty. He assumed the 
personal responsibilities of practical business life by engaging in the line of 
enterprise to which he has been reared from his boyhood days. His original 
farm comprised sixty-five acres, but he has added to it from time to time, as 
prosperity attended his industrious and well directed efforts, until he now 
owns a finely cultivated place of three hundred and twenty acres, well im- 
proved with substantial buildings and figuring as one of the most valuable 
farms in this section of a great agricultural state. 

On the 17th of April, 1894, Mr. Trusler removed from his farm to East 
Connersville, where, in a pleasant home, he is enjoying the rewards of a life 
of honest and successful endeavor, well deserving that otiin/i cuvi dignitatc 
which is his portion as the shadows of his life begin to lengthen into the 
grateful twilight. On the 9th of March, 1848, was solemnized the marriage 



12 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

of Mr. Trusler to Miss Isabelle Thompson, a native of Fayette county, and to 
them were born four sons and four daughters, concerning; whom we incor- 
porate the following data: M. Anna became the wife of Daniel Brumfield, a 
farmer of this county; Laura J., the widow of James M. Backhouse, resides 
in Connersville; Samuel F. is a farmer of this county; M. Henry, also a farmer 
of this county; Sidney E. is engaged in mercantile pursuits in Anderson, 
Indiana; Nina C. is the wife of J. B. Rose, of Miami county, this state; Ira 
T. is a resident of Connersville; and Juanita is the widow of William A. 
Stewart, of Connersville. 

In conclusion we will glance at the more salient points in the public or 
official life of Mr. Trusler. In his political proclivities he was originally a 
supporter of the Whig party, from which he withdrew to place his allegiance 
with the new and stronger candidate for public favor, the Republican party, 
of whose principles and policies he has ever since been a zealous advocate. 
He has wielded a marked influence in the political affairs of this section, and 
has served in various township offices. In 1872 he was the incumbent as 
trustee of Jackson township, a position which he resigned upon being elected 
to represent his county in the legislature, in which he served as a member of 
the lower house during the sessions of 1872, 1873, 1874 and 1875. His per- 
sonal popularity and the appreciation of his value as a representative in the 
legislative councils of the state were manifested soon after his retirement 
from the lower house, since he became the successful candidate of his party 
for the state senate, in which he served during the sessions of 1876 and 1877. 
In the councils of his party and as a legislator he showed himself to be a man 
of strong intellectuality, broad and exact knowledge and mature and prac- 
tical judgment. His influence was at all times cast on the side which looked 
to the conservation of public interests; his views were marked by distinctive 
wisdom, and the confidence in his personal integrity and ability was unwaver- 
ing. In 1892 Mr. Trusler was the Republican candidate for the office of 
secretary of state, in which connection he made a very thorough canvass dur- 
ing the incidental campaign, but he naturally met defeat at the polls, since 
that year marked one of the most memorable general land-slides in the his- 
tory of the Republican party. His strength in the state was shown, how- 
ever, in the fact that he ran two thousand votes ahead of his ticket. He has 
a large acquaintanceship throughout the state and has a strong hold upon the 
respect and confidence of the farming class, with whose interests he has 
naturally had a most pronounced sympathy. He was for seven years master 
of the state Grange, in which connection he did active and effective work in 
every section of the state, striving at all times to spur farmers onward to the 
point of making agriculture and its allied industries occupy the dignified posi- 
tion which is intrinsically due. He has done much to elevate the standard 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. IS 

of husbandry in Indiana, and no man is more honored among the agricultural 
classes. 

Mr. Truster was enrolling officer for Fayette county during the war of 
the Rebellion and was unflagging in his zeal for the Union cause. Frater- 
nally he is prominently identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, being one of the charter members of Everton Lodge, with which he has 
been connected for more than half a century, and in which he has filled all 
the chairs, besides representing the lodge a number of times in the grand 
lodge of the state. 

As one of the venerable citizens of Fayette county, and as one whose 
life has been one of signal usefulness and honor, the publishers of this work 
realize that even more distinct representation in^ this connection would not 
do justice to this well known scion of one of the pioneer families of Indiana, 
a state which has been honored and enriched by his example. 

LAZARUS MUNGER. 

The ancestors of Lazarus Munger, a representative citizen of Posey town- 
ship, Fayette county, as far back as their history can be traced in the annals 
of America, are noted for the sterling traits of character that mark the valuable 
citizen of this great republic. At all times they have been ready to uphold 
righteous and just laws, to promote the welfare of the land of their nativity, 
and, if needful, to lay down their lives on the altar of her liberty and main- 
tenance. The majority of the Mungers have led the quiet, independent lives 
of agriculturists, though a few marked exceptions to this rule have occurred. 

One of the very early pioneers of Ohio was General Edward Munger, 
the grandfather of our subject. He was born in Connecticut, September 30, 
1763, and after his marriage, on the 5th of December, 1785, to Eunice Kel- 
logg, a native of the same state, born August 13, 1767, he resided in the 
town of Washington, Connecticut, for a few years. Then, removing to Rut- 
land county, Vermont, they dwelt there until the spring of 1798, when they 
located in Belpre, Washington county, Ohio. A short time subsequently 
they permanently settled on land purchased by the General in Montgomery 
county, Ohio, and there he cleared and made a good farm prior to his death, 
which took place April 14, 1850. He was a man of great enterprise and 
strong individuality, looked up to and consulted as one having authority. 
During the war of 181 2 he raised and trained a regiment in the defense of 
the young republic, and for this invaluable service was commissioned briga- 
dier general, being superceded in this position by the celebrated General 
Hull. Nor did his public services end here, as he was elected and won new 
honors in the Ohio state legislature, and in local offices. General Munger 
and his wife, Eunice, were of Puritan ancestry, their forefathers being num- 



14 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

bered among the early colonists of New England. The eldest child of this 
worthy couple, Warren, born in. Washington, Connecticut, February 28, 
1787, returned to his native state about 181 1 for the purpose of studying 
law, and subsequently was state's attorney of Miami county, Ohio, besides 
holding other important local offices. He continued to practice law until 
1840, when he retired to his farm, where he resided until his death, in 1877. 
Truman, born January 19, 1789, came to Indiana in 1821, bought and 
improved land, which he afterward sold, then removing to the vicinity of 
Petersburg, Illinois. He bought a farm there, and in 1876 retired from the 
active duties of life to pass his remaining days in Prairie City, where he died. 
Edmund K. was the ne.xt in order of birth. Minerva, born in Vermont, 
November 5, 1792, married Judge Amos Ervin, of Ohio, and died April 26, 
1874. Reuben born in Vermont, October 30, 1794, died in Ohio. Elisur 
and Festus, died in infancy. Eunice, born in Montgomery county, Ohio, 
February lo, 1801, married William McCann, of Ohio, who purchased land 
in Posey township, this county, and sold the property after making some 
improvements. He then turned his attention to brick-making, and later car- 
ried on a farm which he bought in Rush county, this state. There his wife 
died, in 1841, and after marrying again he went to Iowa, where his last days 
were passed. Sarah, born in Ohio, March 15, 1803, died September 12, 
1883. She became the wife of Elam Ervin, an Ohio farmer, born Novem- 
ber 17, 1 801. At an early period they went to Rush county, this state, where 
he died when but forty years of age. Festus E., born April 11, 1805, was 
a farmer, and died in Dayton, Ohio. He reared six children, and three of 
his sons, Timothy, Lyman and Alvin, were soldiers in the Union army, the 
first two being members of the Forty-fourth Ohio Regiment band. They 
enlisted in 1861, and were so unfortunate as to be taken prisoners and Tim- 
othy was confined in the famous Libby warehouse, while Lyman languished 
and suffered for seventeen months in the dreadful pens of Andersonville. In 
spite of all their hardships the three brothers lived to return home and to 
resume their accustomed occupations at the close of the war. Milton, born 
October 5, 1807, was a farmer, and died near Piqua, Miami county, Ohio, in 
1874. One of his sons, William, entered the service of the Union during the 
civil war, and what his fate was his parents never learned. Isaac N., born 
August 12, 1812, and now living retired in Piqua, Ohio, not only conducted 
a farm but was a successful teacher of music for a long time. 

Edmund K. Munger, who was born in Rutland county, Vermont, Sep- 
tember 13, 1790, remained with his parents in Ohio until his marriage, in 
18 1 2, to Mary Cole, a native of Botetourt county, Virginia, born October 15, 
1794. The same year the young man volunteered his services to his country, 
.but the quota was complete and he was not needed. Settling in Montgomery 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 15 

county, Ohio, he was industriously occupied in the cultivation of a farm 
until the spring of 1 82 1 , when he bought the two-hundred-acre farm on which 
the subject of this sketch now resides. In the fall of the same year the fam- 
ily removed to their new home here, and for many years the humble log 
cabin which the father erected served them as a home. In time the land was 
reduced to cultivation and in 1835 the brick house in which our subject lives 
was built. The double-room cabin in which they first dwelt was looked upon 
as almost palatial by their neighbors, and many happy hours were spent in 
the hospitable abode. The brick house, likewise, was one of the first erected 
of that material in the county, and travelers and those in search of a home 
and location were directed to this place, where, as it was known far and near, 
liberal and hearty hospitality was ever to be found. Politically, Edmund K. 
Munger was a Whig and Republican. Reared in the tenets of the Presby- 
terian church by parents who were extremely strict, he never became identi- 
fied with any church, though his life was above reproach and his actions were 
consistent with the teachings of Christianity. He lived to a good old age, 
dying June to, 1872. His faithful wife, who was a member of the Baptist 
church, died September 9, 1853. She went with her parents, Samuel and 
Catherine (Bryan) Cole, from Virginia to Montgomery county early in this 
century. The father, who was a wagon-maker by trade, came to this locality 
in 1826 and settled upon a small tract of land north of Bentonville, where he 
plied his calling and cultivated his farm. Late in life he and his wife lived 
with their children, he dying January i, 1849, and she September 7, 1844. 
Both were active members of the Christian church. Their children were: 
John, Philip, Jacob, Andrew, M. B., William, Elizabeth (now Mrs. T. 
Munger) and Mary. 

Eunice, the eldest child of Edmund and Mary Munger, was born in Ohio, 
February 24, 18 14, and she never married. She was a member of the Bap- 
tist church and died, happy in her faith, February 5, 1884. Norman, the 
eldest son, born August 28, 181 5, was a representative farmer of Wayne 
county, where his death took place April 30, 1885. Margaret, born June 12, 
18 1 7, married William Manlove, who was the first white child born in Posey 
township, his birth having taken place in 1815. Truman, born December 
14, 1 8 18, lived on farms in Henry and Rush counties, dying at his home in 
the last mentioned county, January 17, 1857. Elizabeth, born May 4, 1821, 
married Samuel S. Ewing, of Ohio. He was a carpenter by trade and 
engaged in surveying and farming in Wabash county, Indiana. Samuel, born 
March 6, 1824, learned the carpenter's trade, and after his marriage settled 
on an Illinois farm, where he remained until his death, August 18, 1896. He 
was a leader in the Christian church and Sunday-school, and was highly 
esteemed by all who knew him. Martha, born April 6, 1827, became the 



16 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

wife of M. B. Vandegrift, a blacksmith, and died March 6, 1880, leaving 
three children. Mary, born April 30, 1829, and now a resident of Anderson, 
Indiana, married William T. Hensley, of Fayette county. Lazarus and 
Edmund are the next of the family. Louisa, the youngest, born May 31, 
1836, died June i, 1843. 

Lazarus Munger was born September 11, 1831, in Posey township, on 
the old homestead which he now owns. In the district schools he obtained 
a fair education, and under his father's instruction he acquired practical 
knowledge of farming when a mere boy. After the death of the parents, 
Lazarus and Edmund and three sisters lived together and carried on the work 
of the farm. Then, when two of the sisters married and the third died, our 
subject chose a wife. His brother remains unmarried, and has always been 
associated with him in business. Having accumulated a little capital they 
invested it, in 1863, in one hundred and twenty-one acres of the homestead, 
and in August, 1882, our subject bought the other's share. Edmund Mun- 
ger, who is an energetic business man, has been interested in various things 
besides farming, and has acted as agent for different concerns, among them 
being the Union National Building & Loan Association, of Indianapolis, and 
the Wayne International Building & Loan Association, of Cambridge City. 
For both of these companies he has transacted a large amount of business, 
and still represents them. His capital he invests in good securities of various 
kinds, and his integrity and square dealing are undoubted. He has always 
made his home and headquarters at his birth-place, being a valued member 
of our subject's household. For several years he has devoted much attention 
to the buying of shorthorn cattle and Poland-China hogs, frequently going 
into neighboring states in search of especially fine specimens. Lazarus Mun- 
ger, likewise, is interested in high-grade live stock, and always keeps large 
herds of shorthorns and Poland-China hogs. He has added to his original 
purchase of land until he now owns five hundred and eighteen acres, all of 
which is under fine cultivation. His prosperity is well deserved, and is the 
direct result of application, sound judgment and perseverance in a line of 
action when once determined upon. He has upheld the Republican princi- 
ples, and, though he has attended conventions in the county and state and 
has endeavored to advance the interests of the party, he never has been pre- 
vailed upon to accept a public office of importance, and though often urged 
to become a candidate for the legislature has persistently refused. He has 
served his own township as assessor, with credit to himself and friends, but 
has no desire for public office. 

On the loth of September, 1866, the marriage of Lazarus Munger and 
Miss Savanna Ferguson was solemnized. She is a daughter of Linville and 
Elizabeth (Loder) Ferguson, whose history appears elsewhere in this work. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 17 

She was born February 8, 1843, and is one of five brothers and sisters, the 
others being, Oliver, now a resident of Milton; Elmer, who died at the age 
of twelve years; Mrs. Emma Thornburg; and Charley, who owns and carries 
on the old homestead which belonged to his father. The latter, who was 
one of the most successful stock dealers of this section of Indiana, himself 
cleared about five hundred acres of land, and divided fifteen hundred acres 
among his children. He was very prominent in every way, acting in public 
offices, and for twenty-three years was connected with the Cambridge City 
National Bank, being its president for fifteen j'ears. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Munger was blessed with two daughters and 
one son, namely: Lorena M., born March 5, 1869, and now the wife of 
Philip F. Weaver, a farmer; Warren H., born February 20, 1878; and Helen 
E., born October i, 1879. The younger daughter and the son are students 
in Earlham College, and are receiving e.xcellent training for the serious 
duties of life. 

DAVID W. DENNIS, A. B., A. M., Ph. D. 

For twenty-five years the name of Professor. David Worth Dennis has 
been inseparably interwoven with the history of the educational interests of 
Richmond. His broad intelligence, scholarly attainments and his full appre- 
ciation of the value of knowledge as a preparation for life's responsibilities 
make him one of the ablest educators who have promoted the interests of 
Earlham College and advanced the intellectual status of his adopted city. 
The ever broadening influence of his work is, of course, incalculable, for 
when was ever a measurement for the psychic forces of nature invented .' 
His labors are permeated by broad humanitarian principles which render 
them not merely a means for gaining pecuniary returns, but a source of 
assistance to his fellow men, whereby he advances the scheme of our human 
existence, — the constant uplifting and betterment of the race. 

Professor Dennis is a native of Dalton township, Wayne county, and is 
a son of Nathan and Evelina (Worth) Dennis. Both on the paternal and 
maternal sides his ancestors were from Nantucket, but his grandparents 
removed to North Carolina, locating in Guilford county, where the father of 
our subject was born in 181 5, the mother in 18 13. The latter was -a sister 
of Governor Jonathan Worth, of North Carolina, whose grandson, Ensign 
Worth Bagley, was the first man who lost his life in the Spanish-American 
war. Nathan and Evelina (Worth) Dennis were married in Wayne county, 
Indiana, and spent the remainder of their days in Dalton township, where 
the father successfully carried on agricultural pursuits. He was one of the 
leading men of the locality, was the promoter of many local enterprises, and 
was an active and consistent member of the Society of Friends; he was for 



18 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

more than twenty-five years clerk of West River preparative meeting of 
ministers and elders. He was twice married, his first union being with Mary 
Lamar, by whom he had four children, namely: William, who died in early 
manhood, in 1871; Osborn, a minister of the Friends' church in Randolph 
county, Indiana; Edwin, of Wabash, Indiana; and Mrs. Mary Ebrite, a 
resident of Muncie, Indiana. After the death of his first wife Mr. Dennis 
married Evelina Worth, and their only child is Professor D. W. Dennis. 
The father died in 1872 and the mother in 1887. 

Until sixteen years of age Professor Dennis remained on his father's farm 
in Dalton township, Wayne county, attending the common schools and those 
conducted under the auspices of the church to which his people belonged, his 
father being one of five men who contributed to extend the term of the public 
schools longer than the public funds would permit, and thus gave his and 
other children the advantage of better educational facilities. When only 
seventeen years of age David W. Dennis began teaching school, which pro- 
fession he followed for three years, when he further continued his own edu- 
cation by study in Earlham College. He was graduated in that institution 
when twenty-four years of age, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and since 
that time he has taught almost continuously in the Richmond high school 
and Earlham College, with the exception of one year, 1889-90, which he 
■spent with his family in Europe. He remained for fourteen months, during 
-which time he visited Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy, England and 
Scotland. During six months of that time he was a student in the universi- 
:ties of Bonn and Edinburgh, pursuing a course of embryology in the latter, 
of biology in the former. The degree of Master of Arts was conferred upon 
him by Earlham College in 1878 and that of Doctor of Philosophy by Syra- 
cuse University in 1886. For fifteen years he has occupied the chair of biol- 
ogy in Earlham College, and is regarded as one of the most successful and 
• capable professors ever connected with the faculty of that institution. After 
ihis graduation he spent two years in Earlham College, then four years as a 
teacher in the high school at Richmond, and two years as president of Wil- 
imington College. He then spent a year in rest and study, after which he 
■resumed his pedagogic labors as a teacher in the Bloomingdale Academy, 
where he remained two years. He then returned to Earlham College, where 
his labors have been continuous, with the exception of the period passed in 
Europe. Some one has said "Travel is the source of all true wisdom," and 
certainly in the year spent abroad Professor Dennis gained a broad fund of 
knowledge which will enrich his life and its labors for all time. To a mind 
of great discernment and a nature of broad and acute sympathies, the world is 
continually offering valuble lessons, and he availed himself of the opportunity 
±0 improve, bringing with him from the Old World strong impressions and 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 19 

vivid and pleasant memories which are constantly coloring and enriching his 
views of life. 

In addition to the work of the class-room, Professor Dennis lectures 
frequently on various general educational topics. His services in this regard 
are in frequent demand for teachers' institutes, and he often illustrates his 
lectures with stereopticon views. He is also well known in educational 
circles by reason of his able articles on pedagogic and scientific subjects, — 
articles that frequently appear in the leading journals of the country. Not 
the least important branch of his work is in connection with the different 
•clubs of Richmond organized for intellectual improvement. He has long 
been vice-president of the Tuesday Club, is a member of the Tourists' Club 
and of the University Extension Center. He delivers many addresses in 
connection with the work of these organizations, and has been chairman of 
the program committee of the Tourists' Club. He takes a broad-minded 
interest in the political situation of the country, and gives his support to 
the men and measures of the Republican party, but has never sought nor 
desired political preferment. He took a deep interest in the money question 
■during the last campaign, is a stanch advocate of the "gold standard," and 
believes most thoroughly in the territorial expansion of our government. 
Of the Friends' meeting he is an active lay member and delivers many 
addresses before the society, on moral questions, but is not connected with 
the ministry. 

In 1876 Professor Dennis was united in marriage, in Parke county, 
Indiana, to Miss Martha Curl, a daughter of Jeremiah and Sarah (Gifford) 
Curl, both of Parke county. One son was born to them, William Cullen, 
who was graduated at Earlham College with the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
when seventeen years of age. The following year he was graduated at Har- 
vard College with the same degree. Although the youngest man in the 
class, his standing was very high. He then spent another year within the 
classic walls of that time-honored institution, won the degree of Master of 
Arts, and the honor of delivering the oration for the graduate school. He is, 
now, at the age of nineteen, a student in the law department of Harvard. 
The home life of Professor Dennis and his family was ideal. The most 
perfect companionship existed, and so strong was the influence of the beau- 
tiful Christian character of Mrs. Dennis upon the life of this community that 
this work would be incomplete without the record of her life, which we here- 
with append. Professor Dennis is still actively carrying on his life work, 
continuing his labors among the young, whose thought he directs to nobler, 
higher things, with a realization of the truth that even intellectual attain- 
ments count for naught save as they aid in the development of an upright 
•character. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



MATTIE C. DENNIS. 

When Mrs. Mattie Curl Dennis passed away one more name was added 
to the Hst of honored dead whose earthly records closed with the words, 
"Well done, thou good and faithful servant;" but as long as memory 
remains to those who knew her the influence of her noble life will remain as 
a source of encouragement and inspiration. " Our echoes roll from soul to 
soul," and the good we do lives after us through all ages, handed down from 
generation to generation. Who then can measure the results of a life work, 
and especially such a life work as that of Mrs. Dennis .' To the uplifting of 
humanity her best energies were ever devoted. With unerring judgment she 
recognized the " spark of divinity" in each individual and endeavored to fan 
it into the fiame of righteousness. Not to condemn but to aid, she made the 
practice of her life, and the world is better and brighter for her having lived. 
But though the voice is stilled in death, the spirit of her worth and work 
remains as the deep undercurrent of a mighty stream, noiseless but irresisti- 
ble. Her influence was as the delicate fragrance of a flower to those who 
had the pleasure of her friendship. Her sympathies were broad, and quietly 
yet strongly she called forth the best in one, ennobling all by her own Chris- 
tian character. Her life was beautiful in its purity, goodness and Christian 
virtues, and her memory will long remain as a blessed benediction to all who 
knew her. 

Mattie Curl Dennis was a native of Parke county, Indiana. In the pub- 
lic schools she acquired her early education, and then began teaching in the 
district schools of her native county. Desirous of acquiring more advanced 
education, she subsequently attended Bloomingdale Academy, then entered 
the Normal School at Lebanon, Ohio, and in 1874 was graduated at the 
Indiana State Normal. Her labors as an educator were most acceptable and 
satisfactory. She taught for twelve years in the district schools, in the city 
schools of Indianapolis and in the academies at Bloomingdale and Ladoga. 

She was married June 22, 1876, to David Worth Dennis, after which 
they made a trip to the east, visited the Centennial Exposition, in Philadel- 
phia, and then returned to establish their home in Richmond, where she 
remained from September, 1876, until June, 1879. During this time her 
only child, William Cullen Dennis, was born, December 22, 1878. On becom- 
ing identified with the new community almost her first thought was, how 
could she assist and be assisted by those with whom she would be thrown in 
contact, and during her early residence at Richmond she organized and con- 
ducted a normal Bible class, taught in the Sunday-school, and studied with 
a ceramic art club. From 1879 to 1881 she was employed as a teacher in 
Wilmington College, and within that time organized the Browning Literary 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 21 

Circle, of Wilmington, Ohio, which has ever since maintained its existence. 
In 1882 she accepted a position as teacher in the Bloomingdale Academy, 
where she remained until February, 1884, when failing health forced her to 
seek rest in the south. She passed the months of February, March and 
April in Tennessee, Georgia and North Carolina, and on the ist of May, 1884, 
returned to Indiana. From that time until her death she was a resident of 
Richmond, with the exception of fourteen months spent abroad, and no other 
woman has exerted so wide an influence upon the social, intellectual and 
moral life of the city. 

Mrs. Dennis was identified with many of the leading clubs of Richmond, 
and was a member of the Indiana State Reading Circle Board from 1884 
until 1889. In the former year she organized a reading circle, which later 
became known as the Aftermath. She continued her membership therewith 
until her death, and was its leader until failing health forced her to resign. 
In 1892 she became a member of the Contemporary Club, of Indianapolis, 
joined the Tourists' Club in 1896, became a member of the Variorum at its 
organization, and was one of the organizers of the North End Literary 
Society. In all of these she retained her membership until her death and of 
the last named was leader. She organized the History Class in 1890, was 
its leader until her death, and was ever untiring in her efforts to promote its 
advancement. In 1866 she became a member of the Missionary Baptist 
church, and her Christianity was ever of the practical kind which prompts 
ready assistance for the needy, the promotion of literary culture and the 
advancement of science and art. 

Always quiet and unostentatious in manner, Mrs. Dennis nevertheless 
left a strong impress of her individuality and beautiful Christian character 
■upon all whom she met. She endeared herself to thousands of pupils, one 
of whom wrote: " Mrs. Dennis gave me my first real insight into the Eng- 
lish language, and what a wonderful study it was! She was so spirit-like, so 
unlike the world and its ways, that it was an inexpressible pleasure to me to 
hear her talk of people and things; and after my college days I never passed 
through Richmond but that I made it a point to call at her delightful home." 
Mrs. Dennis loved her pupils and always won their love. She had a singular 
power in getting work from them; what she said they could not think was 
trivial, — ^her lessons must be learned. She could help students find their own 
powers in a way few others could do. She did this by working with them, 
by encouraging them to believe in themselves. She never uttered a dogmatic 
sentence; she treated her pupils as tenderly and considerately as she did her 
neighbors; and when she came to work in clubs with other ladies and gentle- 
men her school-room manners were all that she required. She trusted her 
pupils implicitly, and always believed that this would save them if anything 



22 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

would. In all matters of discipline she sought to control through the under- 
standing, and from within; never by rule or from without. 

Mrs. Dennis had an unfeigned love of the beautiful in all forms, in art 
and in nature. In Dresden, Rome, Florence and Paris the art galleries were 
her homes, and the masterpieces her personal friends. In literature and his- 
.tory she had a quick eye for the heroic, the beautiful, the true, the purpose- 
ful. In life she saw through the soul of things at a glance, and parted com- 
pany with insincerity as perhaps the one incurable mischief. She loved the 
trees; they were beautiful, genuine, restful, always the same. She loved the 
flowers and gathered them in many lands and climes. She loved the birds 
as St. Francis loved them. They were not afraid of her; she fed them by 
hundreds in her yard, and talked to them as though they could understand, 
and all summer long they answered her call with a cheer which they seemed 
to know. 

The strength of her life for thirteen years was given to the betterment 
of women, and she was not long a resident of Richmond before she became 
an active factor in the organization and promotion of several clubs for the 
advancement of literary and artistic culture. The Tuesday Aftermath was 
organized in 1884, and was the inspiration of Mrs. Dennis, whose untiring 
zeal and unselfish devotion carried it safely through the perils of infanc}', as 
her genius was the guiding star of its later years. During the different win- 
ters they studied American authors; spent two years in studying Shakespeare, 
— one year in England and one in Scotland; one year on Russian literature; 
one year on French literature, and one on German literature. Mrs. Dennis 
was also the organizer of the History Class of Richmond. Its first meetings 
were held in the lecture rooms of the Baptist church, but the increase in 
numbers in attendance was so great that within a few months it was neces- 
sary to hold the meetings in the auditorium of the church. There were no 
tickets nor fee for admission, no limit as to numbers, age or capacity. The 
subject first chosen fcr study was Chaldean history, but Mrs. Dennis did not 
restrict herself to that alone; she varied the lessons with little moral talks, 
reading of selections from the poets and by giving quotations to be copied by 
the class as reference in future work. The subject of art was very early 
introduced, and has always proved one of the most attractive features. In 
the second year the subject of Jewish history was taken up, in connection 
with Christian art, and an e.xcellent stereopticon outfit was purchased for the 
purpose of illustrating these lectures. Greek history and art have also 
claimed the attention of the class, followed by a winter's study of Italian his- 
tory and the painters and architects of that country. Through all the years 
Mrs. Dennis was the inspiration of the society; she planned its work and 
made it one of the most effective organizations in Richmond for intellectual 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 23 

advancement. When abroad in Europe she was not forgetful of her club 
associations, and frequently wrote letters of the most entertaining character 
to the Tuesday Aftermath, the History Class and other societies with which 
she was connected. Her essays and addresses before these clubs were always 
of the most entertaining character. She possessed high literary ability, and 
her reading covered the wide realm of science, art, history and classical 
literature. 

It has been said that the soul finds its best and truest expression in 
poetry, and thus it seemed to Mrs. Dennis. Those things which touched her 
most deeply often inspired her to set down her thoughts in poetry, and some 
of her poetic productions deserve to be classed with those of our best 
American writers. The following was written on the i6th of October, 1894: 

The world, all wrapt in summer robes, 

Lay hushed in the arms of sleep, 
While a presence fair from the depth of air, 

Stole by on hurrying feet. 

Then the winds sighed low 'neath the star's soft glow 

And the flowers bowed down their heads, 
While the purple mist, by the moonlight kissed, 

Clung close o'er their perfumed beds. 
And the forest blushed with a tender grace 

When it woke in the morning sun, 
But a tear-drop fell on the earth's fair face 

For the loss of a something gone. 
And thus it is with our human hopes. 

When our life has richer grown; 
The fair sweet day into autumn slopes, 

And the dreams of our youth are flown. 
The golden wedding bells chime low 

In the light of the settling sun; 
And so, in the gleam of this after glow. 

Fair autumn, thy race is run. 
On presenting a volume of Alice and Phcebe Carey's poems to her hus- 
band she wrote on the fly-leaf: 

Sometimes the way seems hard and long. 

And life seems big with care. 
But faith in God and you still strong. 

Gives power to do and dare. 
And if sometimes a shadow plays, 

Across our life's sweet June, 
It but awakens holier lays, 

And strikes a grander tune. 
And so I give this little book. 

With woman's wealth of love; 
The poets' words their color took 

From faith in God above. 



24 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Death came suddenly to Mrs. Dennis, and she was thus permitted to 
continue in the active woric of life to the last. No woman in Richmond has 
ever exerted a broader or more beneficial influence upon the life of the city. 
The highest tributes of love and respect were paid her. Resolutions were 
passed by all the organizations and societies with which she was connected, 
and Richmond mourned the loss of one who was at once friend, teacher, 
counselor and companion. She has gone to 

" Join the choir invisible 
Of those immortal dead who live again, 
In minds made better by their presence." 

ABRAM GAAR. 

In the death of Abram Garr, Wayne county lost one of its most valued 
citizens. His entire life was spent within its borders, and for a number of 
years he was in control of what is probably the chief industrial interest of the 
county. In America "labor is king," and the sovereignty that the liberty- 
loving people of this nation acknowledge is that of business. The men of 
influence in this enlightened age are the enterprising, progressive representa- 
tives of commerce, and to such ones advancement and progress are due. 
Abram Gaar was one who had the mental poise and calm judgment to success- 
fully guide and control gigantic business afl'airs, and at the same time he had 
a keen appreciation of the ethics of commercial life, so that he not only com- 
manded the respect of his fellow men for his uprightness, but also excited 
their admiration by his splendid abilities. 

Mr. Gaar was born in Wayne county, November 14, 18 19, and during 
his infancy was taken by his parents to Richmond, where he spent his remain- 
ing days. His educational privileges were those afforded by the subscription 
schools of the period and he received his manual training in his father's 
cabinet shop. He served a regular apprenticeship, and in 1845, when his 
father embarked in the foundry business, Abram, being a natural mechanic, 
worked at pattern-making, building wooden machinery and other labors in 
connection with the foundry business. After a short time, however, misfort- 
une overtook the enterprise and he was thus thrown out of employment. 
He was then about eighteen years of age, and during the two succeeding 
years he was in the employ of Ellis Nordyke, a millwright. All this time he 
was gaining a good practical knowledge of mechanical work that well fitted 
him for his greater responsibilities in connection with the Gaar Machine 
Works. About 1840, however, a period of financial depression and conse- 
quent business inactivity came upon the country, and as there was not much 
demand for mechanical work, he turned his attention to literary pursuits. 




'^L.CiA^n 



£-£oa\^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 25 

He attended school for some time, his last teacher being James M. Poe, under 
whose direction he pursued his studies in 1842. The following year he 
entered the employ of J. M. and J. H. Hutton in the old Spring foundry 
machine shops, and there devoted himself untiringly to his duties, thus mas- 
tering the business in principle and detail. He also saved the major part of 
his wages until, in 1849, having acquired considerable capital, he purchased 
the plant, with his father, his brother, John M., and his brother-in-law, Will- 
iam G. Scott, as partners. The business was reorganized and conducted 
under the name of A. Gaar & Company, and from that time until his death, 
forty-five years later, Abram Gaar was actively connected therewith and con- 
tributed in no small measure to its success. On the ist of April, 1870, the 
business was incorporated under the name of Gaar, Scott & Company with a 
paid-up capital of four hundred thousand dollars, and he was elected presi- 
dent, a position which he continued to fill, with marked ability, until his 
demise. The business steadily grew in volume and importance until it had 
assumed extensive proportions and was accounted the leading industrial con- 
cern of the county. In its management Abram Gaar displayed splendid 
executive power and keen discrimination, and he was widely recognized as a 
most capable business man. 

Onthe 26th of March, 1851, Mr Gaar was united in marriage to Miss 
Agnes Adams, born May 2, 183 1, a daughter of Henry and Agnes (Chapman) 
Adams. She was born on a farm south of Richmond, but spent the greater 
part of her girlhood, until her ninth year, in Cincinnati, Ohio, and in Illinois. 
Her mother died in the latter state, after which the family returned to Wayne 
county. Mr. Adams was connected with the firm of Gaar, Scott & Company 
for a long period, and died in his seventy-fourth year. Mrs. Gaar was reared 
in Richmond from the age of nine, and from her thirteenth year until her 
marriage, at the age of nineteen, she acted as her father's housekeeper. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Gaar were born four children: Oliver P., Clem. A., Samuel 
W. and Nettie R. The daughter is the wife of S. S. Stratton, Jr., and all 
are residents of Richmond. 

In 1867 Mr. Gaar became a member of the Methodist church, to which 
his widow belongs, and at all times was a liberal contributor to church and 
charitable interests. His support and co-operation were withheld from no 
enterprise calculated to prove of public benefit. He voted with the Demo- 
cracy in early life, but when the Missouri Compromise was repealed, his 
opposition to slavery led him to join the RepubHcan party, with which he 
affiliated until his death. Education, temperance, political reform and mor- 
ality always found in him a friend, and in 1883 he donated five thousand 
dollars toward the erection of the First Methodist church in Richmond. In 



26 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

1868 he was elected one of the trustees of the Home for Friendless Women, 
and for nine years gave his services to that institution without pecuniary 
reward. He was a man of large heart and broad humanitarian principles, 
and his public career and private life were alike above reproach. In 1876 
he erected a beautiful residence on his farm two miles from the city, and 
made it one of the most attractive homes in Wayne county. There, in the 
midst of family and friends, he spent many delightful hours, for he was a 
man of domestic tastes and was never happier than when ministering to the 
happiness of his wife and children. He died February 10, 1S94, and the 
community mourned the loss of one of its most valued citizens. 

CLEM A. GAAR. 

Clem A. Gaar, the second son of Abram and Agnes Gaar, was born in 
Richmond, Indiana, on the 13th of April, 1859. His youth was spent in the 
usual manner of lads of the period, study in the school-room and the pleas- 
ures of the play-ground engrossing his attention. Entering upon his business 
career at the age of nineteen years, he began serving an apprenticeship in the 
pattern-making department of the works of Gaar, Scott & Company, his 
term covering a period of four years and eight months, during which time he 
became an expert workman. On the expiration of that period he began 
farming on the old homestead and carried on agricultural pursuits for eight 
months, but not finding that occupation to his taste, he embarked in the 
wholesale grocery business in connection with John Shroyer, under the firm 
name of Shroyer & Gaar. They conducted that enterprise until 1890, and 
in 1894 Mr. Gaar aided in organizing the National Church Furniture Com- 
pany, of which he has since served as vice-president. They have built up 
an extensive business and are now enjoying a large and lucrative patronage. 
In addition, Mr. Gaar is engaged in general farming, making a specialty of 
the raising of wheat, and a glance at his broad and well tilled fields indicates 
his careful supervision. He is also a stockholder in the corporation conduct- 
ing business under the name of Gaar, Scott & Company. He possesses the 
true western spirit of enterprise, and is quick to note a favorable business 
opportunity. Therein lies the secret of many a man's success, and the pros- 
perity which our subject enjoys is largely attributable to that quality. 

On the 15th of November, 1882, Mr. Gaar was married to Miss Fannie 
McMeans, a daughter of the late Alfred L. and Anna L. McMeans, of Rich- 
mond. They now have two children, Lucille and Russell A. Mr. Gaar is a 
leading member of the First Methodist Episcopal church, is serving as trustee, 
and is a valued representative of the Royal Arcanum. He and his wife have 
spent their entire lives in Richmond, and in their large circle of friends are 
many who have known them from childhood to the present. 



^ ^ 



fc^/K ^ 



aay^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 27 



SAMUEL W. GAAR. 

The well known- cashier of the Second National Bank is Samuel W> 
Gaar, a son of Abram and Agnes (Adams) Gaar. He was born in Richmond ^ 
March 3, 1863, and having acquired a good literary education in the public 
schools pursued a course in the Richmond Business College, in which he was 
graduated in the class of 18S4. 

Thus prepared for the practical and responsible duties of life, Samuel W. 
Gaar entered upon his business career as bookkeeper in the Second National 
Bank, in which capacity he acceptably served for ten years. He was then 
promoted to the place of assistant cashier, in 1895, ^nd in 1897 was made 
cashier, in which capacity he is now serving. He is also a stockholder and 
a member of the directorate, and has contributed to the success of the 
institution, which has the reputation of being one of the most reliable bank- 
ing houses in this section of the state. He is also a stockholder in the exten- 
sive manufacturing business conducted by Gaar, Scott & Company. 

On the 24th of December, 1885, was celebrated the marriage of Samuel 
W. Gaar and Miss Mary E. Matthews, a daughter of Edward R. and Rachel 
Matthews, of Richmond. They have one child, Mildred E. They enjoy the 
hospitality of the best homes of the city, and their friends in the community 
are many. Mr. Gaar is quite prominent and widely known in Masonic cir- 
cles, holding membership with Webb Lodge, No. 24, A. F. & A. M.; I-iing 
Solomon Chapter, R. A. M., and Richmond Commandery, K. T. He also 
belongs to J. N. S. Council, Royal Arcanum. He exercises his right of fran- 
chise in support of the men and measures of the Republican party, but for 
himself has never sought nor desired the honors or emoluments of public office, 
preferring to devote his energies to his business interests. He is a worthy 
representative of one of the prominent families that has figured conspicuously 
in the history of the county from the time of its earliest pioneer development 
down to the present, with its wonderful commercial and industrial advance- 
ment. 

JOHN M. GAAR. 

It has often been stated and commented upon that the United States has 
always presented great opportunities to men of industry, ability, honesty and 
integrity, and as long as men have the aspirations and the determination to 
improve their conditions of life and earn the success which it is possible to 
obtain, the theme will never be exhausted. One of the most prominent of 
Indiana's busmess men whose enterprise and sound judgment have not only 
promoted their individual prosperity but have advanced the public welfare, 
is John Milton Gaar. As the president of the extensive corporation doing 
business under the name of Gaar, Scott & Company, he is too well known ta 



28 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

need introduction to the readers of this volume, and his fame in this connec- 
tion is not even confined by the bounds of his native land, but as a business 
man in other lines of endeavor, as a citizen and as a friend, we would pre- 
serve the record of his career among a people who have learned to admire, 
respect, honor and esteem him. 

John M. Gaar, the son of Jonas Gaar, was born in Richmond on the 
26th of May, 1823, and is indebted to the subscription schools of the city for 
the educational privileges which he enjoyed. His early life passed unevent- 
fully, and as his parents were not then wealthy his youth was by no means free 
from labor. In 1835, by the firm, whose members were Job W. Swain, Abel 
Thornbury and Jonas Gaar, he was employed to operate a stationary engine, 
and continued to serve in their employ until 1838, when his employers failed. 
He afterward worked at anything he could get to do that would yield him an 
honest living. In 1839 he secured a situation in a brickyard and followed 
that pursuit until he became an expert brickmaker. He was employed in 
that line until the 6th of November, 1841, when he began working in the 
blacksmith shop of the Spring foundry, owned by J. M. and J. H. Hutton. 
In January, 1845, when he was receiving one dollar per day, he and his 
brother, Abram, each asked for an advance to a dollar and a quarter per day, 
but the firm compromised by giving each of them a one-fifth interest in the 
business, their father also having a fifth interest. On the 20th of September, 
1849, in connection with their father, Jonas Gaar, and William G. Scott, 
they purchased the interest of J. M. and J. H. Hutton, and organized the firm 
of A. Gaar & Company, the partners being Jonas Gaar and his two sons, 
Abram and John M., and William G. Scott. From the beginning their pat- 
ronage steadily increased. It was a healthy growth, for their products com- 
manded the commendation of the public, and good goods upon the market, 
sold at reasonable rates, always secure purchasers. From the beginning 
John M. Gaar of this review was one of the partners, and he so continued 
until 1870, when the business was incorporated under the name of Gaar, 
Scott & Company, at which time he was elected a director and treasurer. 
Upon the death of his brother Abram, in 1894, he succeeded to the presi- 
dency, and for five years has remained at the head of the most extensive 
business in this line in the entire country. Their plant has been constantly 
enlarged to meet the growing demands of the trade until it now covers ten 
acres of land, and is fitted out with the most modern buildings and improved 
machinery known to the trade. They are among the most extensive boiler 
and engine builders in the world, and the products of this great foundry in- 
clude threshing machines, clover-huUers, boilers, portable and traction engines 
and sawmills. The trade which the house enjoys is very extensive, their 
manufactures being shipped to every state in the Union, in addition to which 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 29- 

they have a large export trade. The name of Gaar, Scott & Company upon 
any piece of machinery is a guaranty of its excellence and a recommenda- 
tion that is everywhere received, for the reliability of the company is a matter 
widely recognized throughout the business world. The present officers of 
the company are: John M. Gaar, president; Joseph B. Craighead, vice-presi- 
dent; S. S. Stratton, Jr., secretary; and Howard Campbell, treasurer and 
general manager. They employ an army of skilled workmen, each depart- 
ment being under the direction of expert machinists, and every machine sent 
out from the foundry is made with a degree of perfection unsurpassed up to 
the present time. The men are paid good wages, and the relation between 
employers and employes is most harmonious, owing to the justice and con- 
sideration on the part of the former, which awakens the good will and respect 
of the latter. 

While John M. Gaar is at the head of one of the leading foundry enter- 
prises of the world, his efforts have been by no means confined to one line of 
endeavor. It would be difficult to imagine what the business life of Richmond 
would be without his guiding hand, his wise counsel and his financial assist- 
ance. He is now president of the Second National Bank, of the city, presi- 
dent of the F. & N. Lawn Mower Company, and president of the Richmond 
Natural Gas Company, and has been a most potent factor in the success which 
has attended these various enterprises. In addition, he has engaged in stock- 
raising on a large scale and has managed an extensive farm. Thus has he 
been prominently connected with the agricultural, industrial and commercial 
interests of the city, and is none the less prominent in social circles. He is 
a valued member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Masonic fraternity, and his genial, unassuming manner has gained him the sin- 
cere friendship of many of the representatives of these lodges. His early 
political support was given the Democratic party, but on the organization of 
the Republican party he joined its ranks, and has since been one of the stal- 
wart advocates of its principles. 

On the 20th of January, 1848, Mr. Gaar was united in marriage to Miss 
Hannah A. Rattray, who died June 6, 1849, leaving a daughter, H. A., who 
is now the wife of Joseph B. Craighead, vice-president of the Gaar, Scott & 
Company's Works. On the i6th of September, 1865, Mr. Gaar was again 
married, his second union being with Helen M. Rattray, who was born 
March 2, 1840. Three children were born of this union: William W., a 
resident of Richmond; Jennie, wife of W. B. Leeds, of Chicago, the presi- 
dent of the American Tin Plate Company, of Elwood, Indiana; and John 
M., Jr., deceased. 

For seventy-six years Mr. Gaar has been a resident of Wayne county, 
and has long been accounted one of the most prominent and progressive 



30 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

citizens of Richmond. He may well be termed one of the founders of the 
city, for he has been the promoter of many of the leading business interests, 
and tlie history of Richmond, as of that of all other modern cities, is largely 
the history of commercial activity. He has earned for himself an enviable 
reputation as a csfreful man of business, always known for his prompt and 
honorable methods of dealing, which have won him the deserved and 
unbounded confidence of his fellow men. 

FIELDING GAAR. 

After a successful business career, in which he has acquired a handsome 
competence. Fielding Gaar is now living a retired life in Richmond. He was 
born in the city which is still his home, on the ist of January, 1827, his par- 
ents being Jonas and Sarah (Watson) Gaar. His boyhood days were spent 
under the parental roof, and in the subscription school he obtained his educa- 
tion. Early trained to habits of industry, he served a regular apprenticeship 
to the machinist's trade, under the direction of his father, completing his term 
on attaining his majority. Throughout the remainder of his active business 
career, he was employed along that line. He is still a stockholder in the 
factory of Gaar, Scott & Company, and held a similar connection with the 
predecessor of this company, — A. Gaar & Company. A mammoth business 
is conducted by this factory, and its extensive sales have brought to the stock- 
holders a most desirable income. Their trade, in the sale of the boilers, saw- 
mills, threshing machines and portable and traction engines which they con- 
struct, extends not only throughout this country but to foreign lands as well, 
and brings to the owners marked prosperity. Fielding Gaar is also the owner 
of a valuable farm of one hundred and sixty acres, south of Richmond. 

In his political views he is a Democrat and formerly took quite an active 
part in advancing the interests of the Democracy, but is not aggressively par- 
tisan. At one time he represented the second ward in the city council and 
gave his support to all progressive measures for the public good. He belongs 
to the Masonic fraternity, in which he has attained the Knights Templar 
degree, holding membership in the commandery of Richmond. For thirty- 
five year he has been connected with Whittier Lodge, No. 41, I. O. O. F., 
and is held in high esteem by the brethren of the fraternity. 

Mr. Gaar was married in Richmond, in 1865, to Miss Mary J. Gallagher, 
and four children have been born of this union, namely: Jonas, of Rich- 
mond, who is a member of the firm of Pogue, Miller & Company; Charles, 
a machinist with Gaar, Scott & Company; Indiana, wife of Harry Gilbert, 
of Richmond; and Earl, who is eighteen years of age, and is with his par- 
ents. Mr. Gaar is now resting in the enjoyment of the fruits of his former 
toil. He has reached the age of three-score years and ten, and now, on the 




oay^y\^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 31 

■western slope of life, he is resting from arduous cares, in the midst of family 
and friends, who esteem him for his honorable record and his many com- 
mendable characteristics. 

JONAS GAAR. 

Numbered among the younger business men of Richmond is Jonas Gaar, 
whose whole life, save the time spent in the east, at college, has been passed 
in this flourishing little city. The eldest son of Fielding and Mary J. (Galla- 
gher) Gaar, he was born in Richmond, on the 22d of January, 1867. After 
completing his education in the public schools of this place, he matriculated 
in Cornell University, where he passed two years in earnest study, qualifying 
himself for the more serious duties of life. 

In 1886 our subject returned home, where he was offered the position of 
assistant postmaster, and, accepting the place, served under J. F. Eldor, un- 
til 1890, making an efficient and popular official. He then became interested 
in the firm of Pogue, Miller & Company, buying a share in the business. 
This well known hardware house was established in 1880 by Charles H. 
Pogue and George W. Miller, both of Richmond, the firm name being Pogue 
& Miller until Mr. Gaar was admitted to the partnership. In 1893 Mr. 
Pogue retired from the business, and Mr. Gaar acquired a half interest, 
though the old style of the firm remains as formerly. The location of their 
store is on Fort Wayne avenue, and by judicious management their trade, 
which is exclusively wholesale, is growing steadily, year by year. Mr. Gaar 
possesses marked business ability, and it is safe to predict for him a suc- 
cessful and useful future. 

On the 23d of October, 1889, Mr. Gaar married Fanny C. Pogue, daugh- 
ter of A. L. Pogue, a prominent and influential citizen of Richmond. Two 
interesting children bless the home of our subject and his estimable wife; 
Mary Frances, born July 2, 1890, and Americus Fielding, born July 17, 1894. 
The family reside in a beautiful home in the most desirable portion of east 
Main street, and are surrounded by all of the comforts and many of the lux- 
uries that denote refined and cultured tastes. 

EPHRAIM DERBYSHIRE, M. D. 
Doctor Derbyshire is not only a leading physician of Indiana, but stands 
as a representative of one of the old and honored families of the state, the name 
having been identified with the annals of American history from pre-Revolu- 
tionary times and having ever stood for the stanchest integrity and honor in 
all the relations of life. The Doctor is a native of Franklin county, having 
been born near Laurel, on the 17th of February, 1846, a son of James A. 
.and Hannah (Palmer) Derbyshire. 



32 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

The Derbyshire family is of stanch old English stock, and records 
extant show that representatives of the name settled in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, prior to the war of the Revolution, the old family homestead 
having been located near the town of Yardley, that county. In this old 
Pennsylvania homestead both the grandfather and the father of the Doctor 
were born. The former, Alexander D. Derbyshire, passed his entire life in 
his native county, and he died in the old ancestral home mentioned. He 
was a weaver by trade, but he devoted the greater part of his life to agricult- 
ural pursuits. 

James Alexander Derbyshire, the father of the Doctor, was born in 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, on the 24th of April, 18 17, the son of Alexan- 
der Derbyshire, who was likewise a native of the same county, as has already 
been noted, his death occurring at the age of sixty-five years, while his wife 
passed away when James A. was a child of but three years. On the old home- 
stead James A. Derbyshire grew to maturity, receiving such educational 
advantages as were afforded by the public schools, and preparing himself 
for the active duties of life by learning the trade of carpenter. In 1836 his 
brother-in-law, Joel Palmer, came from Pennsylvania to Indiana to engage 
in the construction of the Whitewater canal, and in connection with this 
work Mr. Derbyshire was induced to come to the state in the succeeding 
year, 1837. His brother-in-law was a contractor, and Mr. Derbyshire found 
employment with him, being engaged in the construction of locks and bridges 
on the canal, continuing to be thus employed until work on the canal was 
suspended. He then turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, having for 
several years carried on farming operations on rented land in Posey town- 
ship, Franklin county, where he has ever since continued to reside. In 1846 
he purchased his present farm, which is located on section 20, and his enter- 
prise and sound judgment conserved the success of his efforts, and he has 
been long recognized as one of the representative men of the county, being 
held in the highest confidence and esteem in the community where he has so 
long resided. 

In the year 1842 was solemnized the marriage of James A. Derbyshire 
and Hannah Palmer, daughter of Ephraim Palmer, and they became the 
parents of seven children, two of whom are now deceased. We here give a 
brief record concerning the children: Oscar is a resident of Laurel, this 
county; Ephraim is the immediate subject of this review; Albert and Alexan- 
der are residents of the state of Oregon; Caroline is the wife of Prof. Felix 
Shelling, of the University of Pennsylvania; Elizabeth became the wife of 
John Withers, and her death occurred several years ago; and William P. died, 
in infancy. Mrs. Derbyshire had been in declining health for some time, and 
in the hope of relief she went to California in 1886, being shortly afterward. 




6/:h^ ^OMJI^^, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 33 

joined by her husband. They continued to reside in California for a year, 
but with no appreciable or permanent benefit to the health of Mrs. Derby- 
shire. They accordingly returned to their home in Indiana, and the devoted 
wife and mother survived but a short time after her arrival, her death occur- 
ring in Connersville. 

In his poHtical adherency Mr. Derbyshire has long rendered a stanch 
allegiance to the Republican party and the principles and policies for which 
it stands sponsor. He was originally a Democrat, but left the ranks of that 
party at the time of the organization of the Republican party and gave his 
support to its presidential candidate, John C. Fremont. In earlier years he 
took quite an active part in local political affairs, and served for some time 
as a justice of the peace. In his religious views he holds to the faith of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, of which he is a member. Fraternally he has 
been long and conspicuously identified with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, being one of the oldest members of that organization in the state. 
He was initiated into its mysteries in 1839, and has thus been a member for 
the long term of sixty years. He has on many occasions represented his 
lodge in the grand lodge of the state, having been a delegate as lately as 
1898. On this occasion he received much attention and fraternal deference 
as a veteran member of the order and as the oldest representative present. 
Mr. Derbyshire has ever been held in the highest esteem in the community, 
has ordered his life on a high plane, and is honored as one of the venerable 
pioneers of the county. 

Dr. Ephraim Derbyshire, son of the venerable gentleman whose life his- 
tory has just been briefly outlined, was reared on the old homestead in Posey 
township, securing his preliminary educational discipline in the public schools, 
after which he completed a course of academic studies in the old Brookville 
College. After leaving school he learned the tinner's trade, to which he 
devoted his attention for a time. His ambition and natural predilections, 
however, prompted him to seek a wider and higher field of endeavor. His 
ambition was distinctly one of action, and he determined to prepare himself 
for the medical profession. He began his technical studies in the line, and 
in 1873-4 he took the course of lectures in the Ohio Medical College. Thus 
thoroughly fortified by careful and discriminating study, he began the prac- 
tice of his chosen profession in New Salem, Rush county, Indiana, where he 
remained until 1880, having built up an excellent pr:tctice and established a 
reputation as an able and skiljful practitioner. Desiring to still farther per- 
fect himself for the work of his profession, he then matriculated in the Med- 
ical College of Indiana, at Indianapolis, where he completed the full course 
of study, graduating with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in i88r. 

Immediately after his graduation the Doctor located in Bentonville, 



34 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Fayette countj', this state, where he continued in the active and successful 
practice of his profession until 1897, when he located in Connersville, 
where his prestige and success have been equally marked. He has a deep 
appreciation of the responsibilities of his laborious and exacting profession, 
and not only does he keep fully abreast of the advances made in the sciences 
of medicine and surgery, but he is animated by that lively sympathy and 
geniality of nature which are so essential in the true physjcian. The Doctor 
is a member of the State Medical Society and also the district association, 
and at the present time he is the incumbent as secretary of the county board 
of health. For the past thirty-iive years Dr. Derb3'shire has been. a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, in whose work he has a deep and abid- 
ing interest. 

The marriage of the Doctor was celebrated in the year 1868, when he 
was united to Miss Amy C. French, of Decatur county, Indiana. They 
became the parejits of two children, one of whom is deceased. The surviving 
child, Catherine, gives additional brightness in the home, which is the center 
of a cultured and refined hospitality. The Doctor and his family enjoy a 
^distinctive popularity in the little city of their home. 

Reverting, in conclusion, to the Doctor's father, James A. Derbyshire, 
we may say that he is conceded to be the oldest Odd Fellow in the state, 
and on the occasion of the meeting of the grand lodge, at Indianapolis, in 
1898, that distinguished body voted him a medal in honor of his long and 
prominent service in the fraternity. Mr. Derbyshire's fine farm comprises 
two hundred acres, under most effective cultivation and equipped with sub- 
stantial improvements. On his farm are the locally famed Derbyshire falls, 
which are known for their picturesque beauty, attracting many visitors to 
the place. 

CAPTAIN THOMAS DOWNS. 

For m.any years an active factor in the industrial interests of Conners- 
ville, Captain Thomas Downs, through his diligence, perseverance anti busi- 
ness ability acquired a handsome competence, and also contributed to the 
general prosperity through the conduct of enterprises which furnished employ- 
ment to many. Reliability in all trade transactions, loyalty to all duties of 
citizenship, fidelity in the discharge of every trust reposed in him, — these are 
his chief characteristics, and through the passing years they have gained to 
him the unqualified confidence and respect of his fellow townsmen. 

Captain Downs was born in Anderson, Indiana, and is of Irish descent; 
but at an early day the family was founded in America, and the grandfather, 
Thomas Downs, removed from his native state of Maryland to Fleming 
county, Kentucky, in 1800. Thirty years later he became a resident of 
Franklin county, Indiana, where he continued farming, v\hich he had made 



1452663 

BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 85 

his life work until called to his final rest. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Ruth House, was a native of Kentucky, and in their family were 
three sons and two daughters. Hezekiah Downs, the father of the Captain, 
was born in Kentucky in 1818, and went with his parents to Rush county at 
the age of twelve. Through much of his life he followed farming in Madison 
county, this state, but in 1862 brought his family to Connersville and here 
his last days were passed. He died in 1882, at the age of sixty-four years. 

Captain Downs received his scholastic training in Madison county, and 
in May, 1862, when only sixteen years of age enlisted, at Anderson, for serv- 
ice in the civil war, becoming a member of Company K, Fifty-fourth Indiana 
Infantry. On the expiration of his three-months term he re-enlisted, Octo- 
ber 2, 1862, becoming a member of Company K, Sixteenth Indiana Infantry, 
continuing at the hont until November 10, 1865, when, the war having 
ended, he was honorably discharged at Vicksburg. He was with the Army 
of the Cumberland and participated in the Vicksburg campaign and the Red 
river expedition. After the former he was ill for three months with typhoid 
fever, but with this exception he was always found at his post of duty, faith- 
fully performing every service allotted to him, whether upon the field of bat- 
tle or on the picket line during the silent watches of the night. 

When the country no longer needed his services Captain Downs came 
to Connersville, where he has since made his home. For many years he 
engaged in contracting and building. He was alone in business until January 
I, 1874, when he became a member of the firm of Andre, Stewart & Com- 
pany, contractors and builders and owners and operators of a planing-mill. 
A year later he purchased the interests of his partners, with the exception of 
Mr. Stewart, and the firm of Stewart & Downs was organized. This relation 
was maintained for a year, when Mr. Stewart sold his interest to Mr. Martin, 
and in 1877, by the admission of Mr. Wait to an interest in the business, the 
firm of Martin, Downs & Company was established. In 1878 they sold the 
planing-mill to L. T. Bovver, but Mr. Downs and Mr. Wait continued together 
in the contracting and building business. Subsequently they purchased the 
planing-mill of Martin & Ready, and Mr. Ready bought a third interest in the 
business, operations being carried on under the style of Downs, Ready & 
Company until January I, 1899, when the Captain withdrew. This firm ran 
a very extensive planing-mill and did the largest contracting and building 
business in the city for many years. Many of the finest residences and other 
buildings of Connersville stand as monuments to the enterprise, thrift and 
ability of Captain Downs, whose commendable efforts made his success ^ell 
merited. 

Into other fields of endeavor also has he directed his energies and his 
wise counsel and sound judgment have contributed to the success of a num- 



36 BIOGRAPHICAL AXD GEXEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ber of the leading bosmess concerns of the city. He is a director of the 
Fayette Banking Company and is a director of the Central Manafactnring 
Company, which he aided in organizing in 1S98. serving as its president the 
first year. He is a member and director of the Fayette Bnilding & Loan 
Association, of which he served as president for a number of years. On the 
i6th of Jnly, 1898, he was appointed assistant qaartermaster in the United 
States Army, with the rank of captain. He was stationed at Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Missouri one of the largest and oldest military posts and distributing 
stations in the country, having been established in 1S27, and entered npon 
the duties of the oSce August 8. 1898. He is now stationed at Fort 
Stevens, Oregon. 

On the loth of November, 1866, Mr. Downs was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary J. Eisemann, of Conneisville, and their chOdren are: Florence; 
Sosan J., wife of Charles A. Rieman, a florist of Connersville and superin- 
tendent of the city cemetery ; Augusta, wife of J. P. Rhoads, who is employed 
at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri; William, who died in 188S, at the age of 
seventeen years ; and George, a graduate of Purdue University. The Captain 
maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades through his member- 
ship in Connersville Post, No. 126, G. A. R., and is now serving as its 
commander. He also belongs to Otonka Tribe. No. 94, I. O. R. M. ; War- 
ren Lodge. No. 17. F. & A. M. : and Maxwell Chapter, R. A. M. An ardent 
advocate of the principles of the RepubUcan party, he does all in his power 
to iMX>mote its growth and insure its success. He has served as a member of 
the city council and was on the school board for nine years, acting at differ- 
ent times as its secretary, treasurer and president. The cause of education 
finds in him a warm friend, who has effectively advanced its interests, and 
other measures for the pubUc good receive his hearty support and co-operation. 
He possesses a social nature and jovial disposition, and the circle of his friends 
is almost co-estensive with the circle of his acquaintances. 

HON. CHARLES C. BINKLEY. 
The final caus^ which shape the fortunes of individual men and the 
destinies of states are often the same. They are usually remote and obscure. 
their influence wholly unexpected until declared by results. When they 
inspire men to the exercise of courage, self-denial, enterprise, industrj-, and 
call into play the higher moral elements,— such causes lead to the planting 
of great states, great nations, great peoples. That nation is greatest which 
produces the greatest and most manly men, as these must constitute the 
essentially greatest nation. Such a result may not consciously be contem- 
plated by the individuals instrumental in their production. Pursuing each 
bis personal good by exalted means, they worked out this as a logical con- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AXD GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 37 

elusion. Thej- wrought on the lines of the greatest good. Thus it is that 
the safety of our republic depends not so much upon methods and measures 
as upon that manhood from whose deep sources all that is precious and per- 
manent in life must at last proceed. 

We are led to the foregoing reflections in reviewing, even in a cursorj' 
way, the salient points which mark the career of him whose name appears 
above. He has not alone attained prestige and success in the practice of a 
laborious and exacting profession, but has been conspicuously identified with 
many interests which have subserved the material prosperity of Indiana; has 
proved a valuable factor in the legislative and political councils of his state 
and nation; has attained marked distinction in one of the great and noble 
fraternal organizations; has been in that constant s\mpath}' and touch with 
the work of Christianity that stand as an earnest of eSective and zealous 
personal labor: and, while not without that honorable ambition which is so 
powerful and useful an incentive to activit\- in public affairs, he has ever 
regarded the pursuits of private life as being in themselves abundantly 
worthy of his best efforts. As one of the representative men of Wayne county 
and of the state, consideration is due Senator Binkley in this compilation. 

Sixty years ago in the attractive little village of Tarlton, Pickaway 
count}-, Ohio, there was born to George S. and Margaret (Lybrand) Binkley 
a son to whom was given the name of Charles C. He whose nativit}- is thus 
recorded figures as the immediate subject of this sketch. His father, George 
Simon Binkley, was born in Hagerstown, Maryland, and his mother, Margaret 
(Lybrand) Binkle\-, was a native of Ross count}-, Ohio, — both being of 
stanch German lineage, their respective grandparents having emigrated from 
the Fatherland and established homes in America. Senator Binkley was 
one of five children, there having been two sons and three daughters in the 
family. It should be noted that all grew to maturity, that all are married 
and that all are active, successful and honorable in the earnest discharge of 
life's duties. 

Charles C. Binkley was reared in his native village, attending the public 
schools in his boyhood and preparing himself for entrance into the Ohio Wes- 
leyan University, at Delaware, Ohio, where he prosecuted his studies for 
some time, later matriculating in the Ohio University, at Athens, where he 
completed his essentially literary course. Having decided upon and forma- 
lated his plans for his life work, he began reading law at Brookville, Frank- 
lin county, Indiana, where he became a student in the office of Hon. John D. 
Howland, who was subsequently clerk of the United States courts for Indi- 
ana. For a short period he was a deputy for Hon. John U. Johnston, clerk 
■of the Franklin circuit court. Prior to entering upon the practice of his pro- 



38 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

fession Mr. Binkley was elected clerk of Brookville township, and this prefer- 
ment gave distinctive evidence of his eligibility and personal popularity, for 
he was a stanch Republican in his political proclivities, while the political 
complexion of the township was very strongly Democratic. He was admitted 
to the bar in Brookville, and is still in the active practice of his profession. 

Mr. Binkley was united in marriage to Miss Georgianna Holland, daugh- 
ter of Hon. George and Elizabeth (John) Holland, of Brookville, and he 
somewhat later entered into a professional partnership with Judge Holland, 
with whom he was associated in Brookville until 1861, and thereafter at both 
Brookville and Richmond, Indiana, until the death of his honored colleague, 
November 30, 1875, offices being maintained in both places noted. Senator 
and Mrs. Binkley have two sons and two daughters, all of whom are married. 
A man of broad mental grasp and marked business ability, Senator Binkley 
naturally became prominently concerned in many undertakings and move- 
ments which have distinct bearing on the material prosperity of this section 
of Indiana. In 1865 he was an active participant in securing legislation that 
enabled the Whitewater Valley Canal Company to sell to the Whitewater 
Valley Railroad Company the right to build a railroad on the bank of the 
canal. About the same time he was elected president of the canal company 
mentioned, and as such executive made the transfer to the railroad company 
of the right to construct its line as noted. He continued in the office of 
president of the canal company until its waterway was no longer in use as a 
means of traffic, having been superseded by more modern and eft.'^ctive 
methods of transit, he having been the last incumbent of the position of 
president. 

From its organization until the time of his abandoning business associa- 
tions in Franklin county, in the fall of 1875, he was the attorney for the 
Whitewater Valley Railroad Companj', and was very prominently concerned 
in its construction and subsequent management. As attorney he prepared 
the organization for the several hydraulic companies occupying the canal, 
from Cambridge City, Indiana, to Harrison, Ohio, — the list including the 
Connersville, Ashland, Laurel, Brookville & Metamora and Harrison 
Hydraulic Companies. In 1867, about the time he removed with his 
family from Brookville to Richmond, Mr. Binkley found the Cincinnati, Rich- 
mond & Fort Wayne Railroad Company making a desperate effort to build 
its road. It had been struggling to accomplish its object from as early a 
date as 1854, but its efforts had not been attended with any appreciable 
measure of success. In 1S67 Mr. Binkley was elected secretary of the com- 
pany, and shortly afterward William Parry was chosen president. In these 
offices the gentlemen continued — Mr. Binklej' subsequently becoming treas- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 39 

urer also — until long after the road was constructed and, in fact, for years 
after the time when its line was leased, in 1871, to the Grand Rapids & 
Indiana Railroad Company, and the subject of this sketch is still a member 
of the board of directors of the company. It is needless to say that he 
brought to bear his rare executive ability, his mature judgment and indomi- 
table energy and enterprise in shaping the affairs of the company and gaining 
to it the object which it had so long struggled to attain. His efforts in the 
connection unmistakably had potent influence in placing the company and its 
properties upon a substantial basis. 

In his political adherency Senator Binkley has ever been stanchly arrayed 
in support of the Republican party and its principles, and it was but in natural 
sequence that he should become an active worker in the cause and one of 
the leaders in political work. He has been in no degree a seeker for political 
preferment, but the conspicuous place he has held in the councils of his party 
is evident when we take into consideration the fact that from the j'ear i860 
up to the present time he has been a delegate to every Republican state con- 
vention in Indiana, with the one exception of that of 1898, when he was 
absent from the state. In 1872 he was a delegate from his district to the 
national Republican convention, held in Philadelphia, when General Grant 
was nominated for his second term as chief executive of the nation, and 
Henry Wilson for vice-president. 

In 1898 Mr. Binkley was elected to the state senate from Wayne 
county, and in the session of 1899 was a member of ten, and clfairman of 
two, of the important committees of the upper house of the state legislative 
assembly. He prepared, and took a leading part in securing the passage of, 
the bill providing for the return of the battle flag captured during the war of 
the Rebellion from Terry's Texas Rangers. The success of Mr. Binkley in 
a professional way affords the best evidence of his capabilities in this line. 
He is a strong advocate with the jury and concise in his appeals before the 
court. Much of the success which has attended him in his professional 
career is undoubtedly due to the fact that in no instance will he permit him- 
self to go into court with a case unless he has absolute confidence in the jus- 
tice of his client's cause. Basing his efforts on this principle, from which 
there are far too many lapses in professional ranks, it naturally follows that 
he seldom loses a case in whose support he is enlisted. He is not learned 
in the law alone, for he has studied long and carefully the subjects that are 
to the statesman and man of affairs of the greatest importance, — the ques- 
tions of finance, political economy, sociology, — and has kept abreast with 
the thinking men of the age. A strong mentality, an invincible courage, a 
most determined individuality and a sterling character have so entered into 
his make-up as to render him a natural leader and a director of opinion. 



40 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

He is distinctively a man of high intellectuality, broad human sympathy and 
clearly defined principles. These attributes imply predilections which have 
naturally led him into associations aside from his professional, business and 
public life, and in conclusion we consistently may revert to the more import- 
ant of these. 

In early life the Senator was initiated into the mysteries of that noble 
fraternity, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and in the same he has 
risen to high distinction and has ever maintained a live interest in its affairs. 
In 1889 he was elected and installed as grand master of the grand lodge of 
the state of Indiana, and therefrom was, in 1891 and 1892, grand represent- 
ative to the sovereign grand lodge of the order. As such representative he 
attended the session of the sovereign grand lodge at St. Louis, Missouri, in 
1891, and that at Portland, Oregon, in the succeeding year. At the present 
time he is a trustee of the grand lodge of the state and is also a member of 
the I. O. O. F. home committee, comprising five members, that recently 
located and is now engaged in building a home for aged and indigent Odd 
Fellows, and Odd Fellows' wives, widows and orphans, the home being 
located at Greensburg, Indiana, and standing as one of the noble benevolent 
institutions of the state and as an honor to the great fraternity which brought 
it into being. 

From his youth up Senator Binkley has been a zealous and devoted 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and has been particularly active 
in Sundayschool work. He was superintendent of the Sunday-school at 
Brookville, and as soon as his family came to Richmond he was elected 
superintendent of the school of the Union Chapel, which subsequently became 
and is still known as Grace Methodist Episcopal church. With the excep- 
tion of an interim of a few months he was thus continued as superintendent 
for twenty successive years. He served as delegate to the general confer- 
ence of the church at its session in 1880, having been elected to represent 
the North Indiana conference. In 1884 he was elected as one of the dele- 
gates to the conference composed of representatives from all the Methodist 
bodies in America to celebrate the close of the first century of organized 
Methodism, attending the conference, which was held in Baltimore, Mary- 
land, December 9-17, in the year mentioned. 

In 1883 Senator Binkley was elected a member of the board of trustees 
of De Pauw University, at Greencastle, Indiana, and was thereafter re-elected 
and served for twelve consecutive years, during the greater portion of which 
time he was chairman of the committee on finance. He has always had an 
abiding interest in educational and all other matters that subserve the prog- 
gress and well-being of his fellow men, and he has been recognized as a 
power for good in any community where his influence has been directed. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 




GENERAL LEWIS WALLACE. 

It is seldom accorded one man to attain eminence in such varying walks 
of life as has General Wallace. At the bar he has won distinction, and upon 

the battle-fields of the south he gained 
B|[^^'*"""™'"^""^HHH||^^^B distinguished honors, while no name is 
^^E j^^^^^^^^H ^ore prominent as the representative 

W^ ^tiUly^^^^^^^H °^ °^^ American literature than that of 
r ^^^■H* ^^H^H the author of Ben Hur. Indiana, in- 

deed, may well be proud to claim him 
as one of her gifted sons. He was 
born in Brookville, Franklin county, 
April 10, 1S27, a son of David Wal- 
lace, who was a popular political 
speaker, a well-known congressman, 
and a laborious and impartial jurist. 
The son received a common-school 
education, and at the beginning of the 
Mexican war was a law student in 
Indiana. At the call for volunteers he 
entered the army as a first lieutenant 
in Company H, First Indiana Infantry. In 1848 he resumed his profession, 
which he practiced in Covington and subsequently in Crawfordsville, Indiana, 
and served four years in the state senate. 

At the beginning of the civil war he was appointed adjutant general of 
Indiana, soon afterward becoming colonel of the Eleventh Indiana Volun- 
teers, with which he served in West Virginia, participating in the capture of 
Romney and the ejection of the enemy from Harper's Ferry. He became 
brigadier general of volunteers, Septembers, 1861, led a division and the 
center of the Union lines at the capture of Fort Donelson, and displayed 
Siich ability that his commission of major general of volunteers followed on 
March 21, 1862. The day before the battle of Shiloh his division was placed 
on the north side of Snake creek, on a road leading from Savannah, or 
Crump's landing, to Purdy. He was ordered by General Grant, on the 
morning of April 6 (the first day of the battle), to cross the creek and come 
up to Gen. William T. Sherman's right, which covered the bridge over that 
stream, that general depending on him for support; but he lost his way and 
did not arrive until the night. He rendered efficient service in the second 
day's fight, and in the subsequent advance on Corinth. In November, 1862, 
he was president of the court of inquiry on the military conduct of General 



42 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Don Carlos Buell in the operations in Tennessee and Kentucky. In 1863 he 
prepared the defences of Cincinnati, which he saved from capture by Gen- 
eral Edmund Kirby Smith, and was subsequently assigned to the command of 
the middle department and the Eighth Army Corps, with headquarters in 
Baltimore, Maryland. With five thousand and eight hundred men he inter- 
cepted the march of General Jubal A. Early with twenty-eight thousand men, 
on Washington, D. C. , and on July 9, 1864, fought the battle of Monocacy. 
Although he was defeated, he gained sufficient time to enable General Grant 
to send re-enforcements to the capital from City Point. By order of General 
Henry W. Halleck he was removed from his command and superseded by 
General Edward O. C. Ord; but when General Grant learned the particulars 
of the action he immediately reinstated Wallace, and in his official report in 
1865 says: " On July 6 the enemy (Early) occupied Hagerstown, moving a 
strong column toward Frederick City. General Wallace, with Rickett's 
division and his own command, the latter new and mostly undisciplined 
troops, pushed out from Baltimore with great promptness and met the 
enemy in force on the Monocacy, near the crossing of the railroad bridge. 
His force was not sufficient to insure success, but he fought the enemy never- 
theless, and, although it resulted in a defeat to our arms, yet he detained 
the enemy and thereby served to enable Wright to reach Washington before 
him." Returning to his command, General Wallace was the second member 
of the court that tried the assassins of President Lincoln, and president of 
that which tried and convicted Captain Henr}' Wirz, commandant of Ander- 
sonville prison. He was mustered out of the volunteer seivice in 1865. 

Returning to Crawfordsville, he resumed the practice of law there and 
continued an active member of the bar until 1878, when he was appointed gov- 
ernorof New Mexico, serving until 18S1. In that year he became United States 
minister to Turkey, serving until 1885, when he again resumed practice in 
Crawfordsville. His labors as a representative of the legal profession having 
been interwoven with that of the author and the lecturer, he has delivered 
many public addresses throughout the country and his writings have won for 
him world-wide fame. Among his most popular productions are the Fair 
God, a story of the conquest of Mexico; Ben Hur, a Tale of the Christ; Life 
of Benjamin Harrison; The Prince of India; and The Boyhood of Christ. 
Few novels that have ever been produced have attained the wonderful sale 
which was accorded Ben Hur. 

General Wallace's wife also possessed considerable literary ability. She 
bore the maiden name of Susan Arnold Elston, and was born in Crawfords- 
ville, Indiana, December 25, 1830. Her education was there acquired and 
in 1852 she became the wife of General Wallace. She has written many 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 43 

articles for newspapers and magazines; her short poem, The Patter of Little 
Feet, attained wide popularity. Among her other productions are The 
Storied Sea, Ginevra or The Old Oak Chest, The Land of the Pueblos, and 
The Repose in Egypt. 

BENJAMIN F. BEESON. 

This gentleman, one of the most prominent and successful farmers of 
Wayne county, whose home is in Washington township, was born on the 
farm where he yet resides, August ii, 1S24, and is a worthy representative 
of one of the most distinguished pioneer families of this region, being a son 
of Benjamin and Dorcas (Starbuck) Beeson, natives of North Carolina, 
where their marriage was celebrated. The paternal grandparents were Ben- 
jamin and Phoebe Beeson, and the former was the son of Isaac Beeson, who 
was of the sixth generation in direct descent from Edward Beeson, the 
founder of the family in the New World. He was reared in Lancastershire, 
England, where George Fo.x originated the Society of Friends, and with that 
denomination the family became connected. Edward Beeson came to Amer- 
ica in 1682 with one of William Penn's colonies and located first in Pennsyl- 
vania, later removed to a Quaker settlement in Virginia, and subsequently 
to one near Wilmington, Delaware. He had four sons, — Edward, Richard, 
Isaac and William. Of these Isaac went to North Carolina, and from him 
the Indiana branch of the family is descended. They continued their con- 
nection with the Society of Friends until coming to this state, but finally left 
it, and they wished to be more enterprising and progressive than accorded 
with the customs of that sect. However, they still adhered to the good 
religious qualities of the Friends' church, doing all the good possible and as 
little harm. Three brothers came to Indiana: Isaac settled near Richmond, 
^^'ayne county, in 18 12; Benjamin located where our subject now resides, in 
1814, and Thomas, on first coming to the county in 18 18, lived with Benja- 
min for a few years and then bought the farm where his son, Elwood, now 
resides. Although they came here in limited circumstances, they were soon 
in possession of comfortable competencies, secured by their enterprise, energy, 
industry and perseverance, and, in advancing their own interests, did much 
toward the building up and beautifying of their adopted county. They also 
won the respect and confidence of the entire community. 

Benjamin Beeson, father of our subject, was a blacksmith and wagon- 
maker by trade, and before leaving North Carolina made himself a good 
wagon, in which he brought his family to this state with a four-horse team. 
While on the road he sold the wagon and after his arrival in Wayne county 
returned it to the purchaser in Tennessee and rode his horses back to Indi- 
ana. In 181 3 he had come to this section of the state and selected his tract 



44 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

of land, which he entered at Cincinnati. On bringing his family here the 
following year he left them with his brother Isaac while he delivered the 
wagon. On his return he erected a cabin upon his place, and began the 
arduous task of clearing and improving the wild land, which he at length 
transformed into a fine farm. He soon found out that eighty acres adjoin- 
ing his one-hundred-and-sixty-acre tract was for sale, and as he desired it and 
had no money, he again went to Tennessee, where he was able to borrow 
the needed money, at twenty-five per cent. For three years he made a trip 
to that state to pay the interest and was then able to cancel the debt. His 
family assisted him in every possible way, spinning, weaving and making all 
the clothes needed, and as prosperity crowned their combined efforts the 
boundaries of the farm were extended from time to time, and the father was 
at length able to give to all of his children a good home. He was ever a 
friend to the poor and needy, was charitable and benevolent, and the latch- 
string of his cabin was always out. Many an early settler has been aided by 
him, and in assisting in opening up the country to civilization Wayne county 
owes to him a debt of gratitude which can never be repaid. In connection 
with general farming, he engaged in stock-raising, and in early days drove his 
hogs to Cincinnati, while he went to Lawrenceburg on the Ohio river to mill. 
He was a strong Democrat in politics, and most acceptably served as justice 
of the peace for many years, his decisions being always final. When he had 
a log-rolling his neighbors would come from far and near without his notify- 
ing them as he was held in high regard by the entire community and had a 
host of warm friends. Although he was a member of no religious denomi- 
nation he led an upright, honorable life and will certainly reap the reward of 
the just. For many years he suffered with one of his legs, and as amputa- 
tion was at length necessary he made his will, giving everything to his wife, 
and prepared to die if the operation was not successful. He lived only a 
month after it was performed, dying March i, 1852, at the age of sixty-four 
years. His wife survived him many years and passed away in October, 1872. 
She was a devoted wife and affectionate mother. To this worthy couple were 
born eleven children, the birth of the first two occurring in North Carolina, 
the others in Indiana. They were as follows:. Bezaleel; Othniel; Temple- 
ton; Delilah, wife of John Patterson; Rachel, wife of James Harvey; Gulelma, 
wife of William Dick; Cinderella, wife of William Harvey; Benjamin F., our 
subject; Amanda M., wife of Thomas Emerson; Mark D., a prominent farmer 
of Wayne county; and Charles, who died in 1852. Only three are now liv- 
ing: our subject, Mark D. and Mrs. Dick, of Kansas. 

Benjamin F. Beeson, of this review, was reared on the farm where he 
still resides, and obtained his education in the subscription schools which he 
attended for three months during the winter season. The school-house was a 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 45 

primitive structure, built of logs, with a puncheon floor, and seats also of 
puncheons, with pegs for legs. He remained at home until his marriage, in 
January, 1848, when he located upon a tract of new land given him by his 
father, and during the four years he resided there he placed eighty acres under 
cultivation, and built thereon a commodious residence, to replace the little 
log cabin where he commenced his domestic life. He and his wife then 
returned to the old homestead to care for his widowed mother in her declin- 
ing years. He purchased the interest of the other heirs in the place, and 
there continues to reside. He has cleared sixty-five acres of the two-hun- 
dred-and-forty-acre farm, erected thereon a pleasant residence, large barns 
and other outbuildings, and now has one of the finest improved farms of the 
locality. The place is conveniently located, three and a half miles south of 
Milton, and is adorned with a beautiful grove of ornamental trees. He has 
successfully engaged in both farming and stock-raising, and has bought large 
tracts of land, most of which he has given to his children, except one tract 
which he sold. He still retains the old homestead, however, and is still act- 
ively engaged in his chosen calling. 

In January, 1848, Mr. Beeson married Miss Catherine Howard, who 
was born in Wayne county, January 22, 1827. Her parents, John and 
Sarah (Calaway) Howard, natives of North Carolina, came to the county 
about 1 8 14 and located at Nolan's Fork, where the father entered and 
improved the farm now occupied by Elijah Hurst. There his children were 
all born, but he finally sold the place and moved to Madison county, Indiana, 
where he improved another farm. On disposing of that place he returned 
to Wayne county and bought the farm where the Valley Grove church now 
stands. After his children were all grown, he gave that farm to a son and 
bought a small piece of land in the same neighborhood, built a residence 
thereon and spent the remainder of his life upon that place. In politics he 
was a Democrat. He was three times married and by the first union had 
two sons: Samuel and Joseph. The latter, an able financier, died at the 
age of forty- eight years, leaving a fine estate. There was one son, Charles, 
by the last marriage. Twelve children, two sons and ten daughters, were 
born of the second union. The following are most of their names: Mary 
E. , wife of N. Waymore; Sarah, wife of B. Hurst; Mrs. S. Dwiggins; Ged- 
dia, wife of James Thorp; Rachel, wife of E. Waymore; Cynthia, wife of 
A. Lowery; Catherine, wife of our subject; John A., a resident of Franklin, 
Indiana; Neill, of Oklahoma; and Margaret, widow of M. Pursnett and a 
resident of Kansas. The children born to our subject and his wife were: 
William, who died in 1873, aged twenty-two years; Oliver H., a prominent 
farmer of Wayne county; Joseph F. , who died in 1873, aged eighteen years; 
Elizabeth, wife of Albert Williams, a farmer of Wa3'ne count}'; Sanford G., 



46 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

who died in 1873, aged thirteen years; Elmer E., who conducts a meat mar- 
ket in Cambridge City; Ira J., who died in infancy; May, wife of J. Coyne, 
a farmer; and Minnie, wife of F. Flora. The wife and mother died April 
14, 1873, her death and that of her three children occurring within four 
months and being caused by spinal meningitis. 

Mr. Beeson was again married in 1879, his second union being with 
Miss Kate Roadcap, who was born in Virginia, August 5, 1844, but was only 
eight years old when brought to Indiana by her parents, Henry and Lydia 
(Myres) Roadcap, also natives of the Old Dominion. Her father improved 
a farm in Henry county, where he still resides, at the age of eighty-four 
years. He is of German descent and a consistent member of the Dunkard 
church. After the death of Mrs. Beeson's mother he married again. His 
children are: Elizabeth, wife of Milton Rains; Frances, wife of Conrad 
Koontz; Mary, wife of Joab Rains; Barbara, wife of George Mathias; Kate, 
B. F. Beeson, Benjamin F., Joseph and Peter. Mr. Beeson has no chil- 
dren by his second marriage. 

Politically, Mr. Beeson follows in the footsteps of his father and gives 
his support to the Democracy, and though he has often been solicited by his 
friends to accept office he has steadily refused, as he cares nothing for polit- 
ical honors. He is very charitable, being always ready to respond to the 
appeals of the needy and distressed, and ever ready to pay his last respects 
to the dead. He is one of the most honored and highly esteemed citizens 
of his community, and it is safe to say that no man in Wayne county has a 
wider circle of friends and acquaintances than Benjamin F. Beeson. 

FRANCIS M. BILBY. 

The subject of this sketch, Francis M. Bilby, of Connersville, Indiana, 
is one of the prominent and influential farmers and stock dealers of Fairview 
township. He is a native of Fayette county and has been identified with it 
all his life. He was born June 5, 1830, son of Stephen C. and Jane (Lud- 
low) Bilby, and is of English descent. His grandfather Bilby came from 
England to America on board a pirate ship, by surprise, during the Revolu- 
tionary period, and fought for independence in the American army. After 
the war he settled in Pennsylvania, where his death occurred some years 
later. His children were John, of Ohio; Joseph, of Terre Haute, Indiana; 
Stephen C, father of the subject of this sketch; Richard and Mrs. Lois 
Johnson. 

Stephen C. Bilby grew to manhood in Ohio and was married there, and 
in 1828 came to Indiana, settling in Fayette county. He subsequently 
entered land in the new purchase at Indianapolis, where he improved a farm. 
This farm he sold in 1856 and at that time purchased a small farm in Harri- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 47 

son township, where he passed the closing years of his Hfe, his death occur- 
ring in 1873. His wife died in 1883, at the home of her son, Francis M. 
They were old-school Presbyterians, strict in their religious views, and plain 
and unassuming in manner. By trade Stephen C. Bilby was a blacksmith, 
and through the greater part of his life followed it, in connection with his 
farming operations. 

The Ludlows were New Jersey people, and it was in that state that Mrs. 
Bilby was born. She was reared and married in Ohio, to which place her 
parents emigrated and where they passed the rest of their lives and died. 
Their family comprised four children: Henry, John, Jane and Osa, the last 
named the wife of Mr. S. Phipps. Stephen C. and Jane (Ludlow) Bilby 
were the parents of seven children, as follows: Mrs. Julia A. Wallace; Mrs. 
Viola Moffit; Salona, who died at the age of seventeen years; Francis M., 
whose name introduces this sketch; Albert G. , a resident of Wayne county, 
Indiana; Jasper, deceased, left a family; and Mrs. Elizabeth Lesord, 
deceased. 

Francis M. Bilby was reared on his father's farm. After completing his 
studies in the common schools, he taught school and with the proceeds 
attended Fairview Academy, in this way obtaining a good education. He 
remained a member of his father's household until his marriage, in Decem- 
ber, 1854, when he settled on a rented farm. He farmed rented land for 
eleven years. During this time careful economy and honest industry enabled 
him to lay by a snug little sum, and in 1865 he purchased the farm upon 
which he has since lived. He has made additional purchases from time to 
time until his landed estate now comprises over one thousand acres, in Fay- 
ette and Delaware counties. Mr. Bilby, has always carried on general farm- 
ing and stock-raising, and since 1850 has dealt more or less in stock, some- 
times buying in large quantities and shipping to market, taking a pride in 
handling only the best the county afforded. While his operations have in the 
main been successful, he has had his full share of misfortune, meeting with 
losses in many ways. He has lost by cholera as many as a thousand hogs. 
Throughout his whole career Mr. Bilby's transactions have always been 
strictly on the square. He has never defrauded any one out of a single penny 
and he has reason to take just pride in his high standing among the capital- 
ists of the country, who regard his word as good as his bond. 

Mr. Bilby married Miss Dorcas A. Etherton, daughter of Stout Ether- 
ton, of Ohio, who came to Indiana about 1832 and bought and improved a 
farm in Fayette county. Mr. Etherton died in Milton, Indiana. He was 
known as a Whig in early life and was a supporter of the Republican party 
from the time of its organization. Religiously he was a Baptist. His chil- 
dren were Charles, Joseph, Aaron and Dorcas A. by his first wife. Charles 



48 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

and Aaron died in early life. Joseph was a volunteer in the Union army 
during the civil war and died in the army. By his second wife Mr. Etherton 
had the following named children: Margaret, Mary, Sarah, Nancy. Adeline, 
Samuel and Sophia. After the death of his second wife, whose maiden name 
was Rachael Martin, Mr. Etherton married her sister, Sarah Martin. There 
were no children by this union. Mr. and Mrs. Francis M. Bilby are the par- 
ents of ten children, whose names in order of birth are as follows: Charles 
and Emerson, farmers; Florence, who was the wife of Alva Hardy, died, 
leaving three children; Mrs. Clara Kendry; Elmar, a farmer; Mary Anna, 
wife of E. Williams; and Alva E. , Morton, Palmer \V. and Sherman, all 
farmers. 

Mr. Bilby affiliates with the Republican party and takes an interest in 
public affairs, but has never been an aspirant for political favors, nor has he 
ever filled office of any kind, his own extensive business affairs occupying^ 
the whole of his time and attention. 

AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE. 

General Ambrose Everett Burnside was born in Liberty, Indiana, May 
23, 1824, and died in Bristol, Rhode Island, Septembers, 1881. The Burn- 
side family are of Scottish origin. Having followed the fortunes of Charles 
Edward, the pretender, until his final defeat at Culloden, in 1746, the found- 
ers of the American branch emigrated to South Carolina. The revolt of the 
American colonies against Britain divided them, some joining the patriots, 
others remaining loyal to the crown. Among the latter was James, grand- 
father of Ambrose, who was a captain in one of the regiments of South Caro- 
lina royalists. When it became certain that the revolution would be success- 
ful he, in company with others whose estates were confiscated, escaped to 
Jamaica, but eventually obtained amnesty from the young republic and 
returned to South Carolina. After his death his widow and her four sons 
migrated to Indiana, manumitting their slaves, from conscientious motives. 
Edghill, the third of these sons, settled in the new town of Libert}', and in 
1 8 14 married Pamelia Brown, another emigrant from South Carolina. He 
taught school for a time, and, having some legal knowledge, was, in 1S15, 
elected associate judge of the county court, and subsequently clerk of court, 
which office he held until 1850. Ambrose, the fourth of nine children, was 
born in a rude log cabin at the edge of the wilderness. The village schools 
were exceptionally good for a frontier town, and at seventeen he had acquired 
a better education than most boys of his age, but his father could not afford 
to give him a professional training, and he was indentured to a merchant 
tailor. After learning the trade he returned to Liberty and began business 
as a partner under the style of Myers & Burnside, merchant tailors. Con- 




^w^::^ 



J^mbrose €. !^urnsicie. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 49^ 

versation with veterans of the second war with Great Britain interested him 
in military affairs, and he read all the histories and other books bearing on 
the subject that he could procure. In 1847 he was appointed a cadet at the 
"West Point Military Academy, where there were more than a score of future 
generals, including McClellan, Hancock and "Stonewall" Jackson. The war 
with Mexico was nearly over when Burnside was graduated, but he accom- 
panied one of the last detachment of recruits to the conquered capital, and 
remained there as second lieutenant of the Third Artillery during the military 
occupation of the place. Then followed years of life in garrison and on the 
frontier, including some Indian fighting. 

In 1852 he married Mary Richmond, daughter of Nathanial Bishop, of 
Providence, Rhode Island, and in November of the same year resigned his 
commission, having invented a breech-loading rifle, the manufacture of which 
he wished to superintend. In August, 1857, a board of army officers reported 
favorably upon the Burnside breech-loader; but the inventor would not pay 
his way among the underlings of the war department, and was forced to go 
into bankruptcy. He devoted all his personal property to the liquidation of 
his debts, sought employment, found it at Chicago, under George B. McClel- 
lan, then vice-president of the Illinois Central Railroad, and, by practicing 
strict economy, he eventually paid every obligation. In June, i860, he be- 
came treasurer of the Illinois Central Railroad, his office being in New York 
city. In the autumn of that year he visited New Orleans on business, and 
gained an insight into the movement for secession that shook his lifelong 
faith in the Democratic party. So confidently did he anticipate war that he 
set his business affairs in order, and was ready to start at once when, on 
April 15, 1861, Governor Sprague, of Rhode Island, telegraphed for him to 
take command of the First Regiment of detached militia. On April 20 the 
regiment left Providence by sea, and marched, with the other battalions that 
had been hurried forward, from Annapolis to Washington, reaching the capi- 
tal on the 26th of April. The preliminary operations about Washington soon 
culminated, owing mainly to popular outcry and political pressure at the 
north, in the premature advance of the federal army and to the battle of 
Manassas or Bull Run on the 21st of July. Colonel Burnside commanded a 
brigade on the extreme right of Hunter's division, which was detached from 
the main army early in the morning and sent across an upper ford to turn the 
Confederate left. The movement was anticipated by the enemy, and a sharp 
engagement took place, at the beginning of which General Hunter was 
wounded, leaving Burnside in command. The Confederates were forced 
back, losing heavily, until nearly noon, when they were reinforced by Gen- 
eral Johnston's advance brigade under Jackson, who stemmed the tide of 
fugitives and there won his name of "Stonewall." By this time Burnside's 



50 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ammunition was exhausted, and his command had to fall back. It made no 
further aggressive movement, but retained its organization after the rout of 
the army and on the retreat toward Washington. A period of comparative 
inactivity followed, during which Colonel Burnside's regiment was mustered 
out, on the expiration of its term of service. On August 6, 1861, he was 
commissioned a brigadier general of volunteers, and given a command of the 
three-year regiments then assembling at Washington. On the 23d of Octo- 
ber General Burnside was directed to organize a " coast division," with head- 
quarters at Annapolis. This force was largely composed of regiments 
recruited on the New England coasts, and was intended for operations along 
the lower Potomac and Chesapeake bay. The plan was changed, however, 
the expeditionary force was largely increased, and on January 12, 1862, a 
corps of twelve thousand men, on a fleet of forty-six transports, sailed from 
Hampton Roads with sealed ordere directing them to rendezvous in Pamlico 
sound by way of Hatteras inlet. Within twenty-four hours a heavy gale 
arose, which lasted nearly two weeks, scattered the fleet and imperiled its 
safety. On the 25th of January, however, all the vessels had passed through 
Hatteras inlet and were safe in the sound. On the 5th of February the fleet, 
with an escort of gunboats, moved toward Roanoke island, a fortified post of 
the Confederates, and engaged the gunboats and batteries. Within a few 
hours a landing was effected, and on the 8th of February the Confederate 
position near the middle of the island was carried and the garrison captured, 
numbering two thousand five hundred men. The possession of Roanoke 
island gave command of the extensive land-locked waters of Albemarle and 
Pamlico sounds, and was one of the earliest substantial successes of the 
national arms. Newbern, North Carolina, was occupied, after a sharp strug- 
gle, on the 14th of March. The surrender of Forts Macon and Beaufort 
soon followed, and when General Burnside visited the north on a short leave 
of absence he found himself welcomed as the most uniformly successful of the 
federal leaders. 

During the campaign in the Carolinas and the early summer following, 
the Army of the Potomac, under McClellan, had been defeated before Rich- 
mond, and had in turn repelled the Confederates at Malvern Hill. Burnside 
relinquished the command of the department of North Carolina, and, with 
his old division reorganized as the Ninth Corps, was transferred to the Army 
of the Potomac, which held the north shore of Rappahannock, opposite 
Fredericksburg. The chief command was offered to Burnside, but he abso- 
lutely declined it, frankly declaring that he did not consider himself com- 
petent. On the 27th of June the order was issued relieving McClellan and 
placing Pope in command. The fortunes of the Confederacy now seemed 
so distinctly in the ascendant that it was determined at Richmond to assume 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 51 

the offensive. The preparations for the movement were at once known in 
Washington, and the administration urged General Pope to create a diver- 
sion along the line of the Rappahannock. This he attempted, but was foiled 
almost at all points, and the Army of Virginia, as it was temporarily desig- 
nated, fell back sullen and demoralized after a second defeat at Manassas, 
upon the defences of Washington, where Burnside was again asked to take 
command, but again declined. In its extremity, the administration again 
called upon McClellan, who, in a remarkably short time, brought order out 
of chaos and reinspired the army with a degree of confidence. By this time 
Lee's advance had crossed the Potomac near Sharpsburg, and Burnside was 
sent to meet him with the First and Ninth Corps. On the 3d of September 
he l^ft Washington. On the 12th of September he met the enemy's pickets 
at Frederick City, and on the 14th encountered the Confederates in force at 
South Mountain, and very handsomely dislodged them from a strong position. 
The energy of this movement was probably not anticipated by General Lee. 
He retreated to Antietam creek, threw up intrenchments and awaited attack. 
To Burnside's Ninth Corps, on the morning of the battle of Antietam (Sep- 
tember 17th), was assigned the task of capturing and holding a stone bridge. 
This was done at a terrible sacrifice of life; but it was the key to the position, 
and, according to a high Confederate authority (Edward A. Pollard, the his- 
torian), if the bridge could have been recaptured the result of the battle of 
Antietam would have been decisive. The army remained in the neighbor- 
hood of Sharpsburg until early in November, when McClellan was relieved, 
and on the loth of November Burnside reluctantly assumed command. At 
this time the Confederate army was divided, Longstreet and Jackson com- 
manding, respectively, its right and left wings, being separated by at least 
two days' march. McClellan and Burnside were always warm personal 
friends, and the former gave his successor in command the benefit of his 
projected plans. 

A month passed in reorganizing the army m three grand divisions, under 
Generals Sumner, Franklin and Hooker, with the Eleventh Corps under Sigel 
as a reserve. The plan was to cross the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg, 
and, if possible, crush the separated wings of the Confederate army in detail. 
The movement began on the 15th of November, and four days later the army 
occupied the heights opposite Fredericksburg, but with the river intervening 
and no pontoon train ready. The responsibility for this failure has never 
been charged to General Burnside, nor has it ever been definitely fixed upon 
any one, save a vague and impersonal " department;" but it necessitated a 
fatal delay, for Lee had moved nearly as rapidly as Burnside, and promptly 
occupied and fortified the heights south of the river. During the period of 
•enforced inaction that followed. General Burnside went to Washington and 



52 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

expressed his doubts as to the pohcy of crossing the river, in view of the fail- 
ure of the attempt to divide Lee's forces. But he was urged to push a winter 
campaign against Richmond, and, returning to the front, gave orders to place 
the bridges. This was gallantly effected in the face of a sharp resistance, 
Fredericksburg was cleared of the enemy, and on the 13th of December, the 
whole national army had crossed, and was in position south of the Rappa- 
hannock. The situation in brief was this: South and in the rear of Freder- 
icksburg is a range of hills irregularly parallel to the course of the river; the 
space between is a plateau well adapted for the movement of troops. This 
was occupied by the national army in the three grand divisions specified, — 
Sumner holding the right. Hooker the center, and Franklin the left. The 
Confederates occupied the naturally strong position along the crest of the 
hills, and were well intrenched, with batteries in position. Longstreet com- 
manded the right wing, and Jackson the left. The weak point of the Con- 
federate line was at its right, owing to a depression of the hills, and here it was 
at first intended to make a determined assault; but, for some reason, orders 
were sent to Franklin, at the last moment, merely to make a demonstration, 
while Sumner attempted to carry Marye's hill, which, naturally a strong 
position, was rendered nearly impregnable by a sunken road, bordered by a 
stone wall along its base. The best battalions in the army were sent against 
this position, but the fire of artillery and infantry was so severe that nothing 
was gained, although the struggle was kept up till nightfall. General Hooker's 
division being the last to attack, only to be repelled as its predecessors had 
been. Burnside would have renewed the attack on the next day, but Sum- 
ner dissuaded him at the last moment, and that night the whole army re- 
crossed the river, having lost, in killed and wounded and missing, more than 
twelve thousand men. Some of these, however, afterward returned to their 
regiments. The Confederate loss was five thousand three hundred and nine. 
Insubordination was soon developed among the corps and division command- 
ers, and Burnside issued an order, subject to the president's approval, sum- 
marily dismissing several of them from the service, and relieving others from 
duty. The order, which sweepingly included Hooker, Franklin, Newton, 
and Brooks, was not approved, and General Burnside was superseded by 
Major-General Hooker. 

Transferred to the Department of the Ohio, with headquarters at Cincin- 
nati, Burnside found himself forced to take stringent measures in regard to 
the proceedings of southern sympathizers on both sides of the river. 
On April 13, 1863, he issued his famous general order defining certain 
treasonable offences, and announcing that they would not be tolerated. 
Numerous arrests followed, including that of Clement L. Vallandigham, who 
was tried by military commission for making a treasonable speech, was 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 53 

found guilty, and sentenced to imprisonment during tiie remainder of the 
war. This sentence the president commuted to banishment, and Vallan- 
digham was sent within the lines of the Confederacy. The Democrats of 
Ohio thereupon nominated him for governor, but he was defeated by a 
majority of more than one hundred thousand. In August, 1863, Burnside 
crossed the Cumberland mountains at the head of eighteen thousand men, 
marching two hundred and fifty miles in fourteen days, causing the Confeder- 
ates, who had their headquarters at K^noxville, to make a hasty retreat. 
He pushed forward, and Cumberland Gap was captured, with its garrison 
and stores. Attacked by Longstreet, with a superior force. General Burn- 
side retreated in good order, fighting all the way to Knoxville, where he was 
fortified and provisioned for a siege by the time Longstreet was ready to 
invest the place. This movement, according to General Burnside's biogra- 
pher, was made on his own responsibility to draw Longstreet away from 
Grant's front, and thus facilitate the defeat of General Bragg, which soon fol- 
lowed. The siege of Knoxville was prosecuted with great vigor for a month, 
when the approach of General Sherman compelled Longstreet to raise the 
siege. Immediately afterward General Burnside was relieved, and devoted 
himself to recruiting and reorganizing the Ninth Corps. In April, 1864, he 
resumed command at Annapolis, with the corps nearly twenty thousand 
strong. Attached once more to the Army of the Potomac, this time under 
General Grant, he led his corps through the battles of the Wilderness and 
Cold Harbor, and the operations against Petersburg. In these latter engage- 
ments the corps suffered very heavily, and General Meade preferred charges 
of disobedience against Burnside, and ordered a court-martial for his trial. 
This course was not approved of by General Grant, and, at Burnside's 
request, a court of inquiry was ordered, which eventually found him " ans- 
werable for the want of success." He had always held that the failure was 
due to interference with his plan of assault, and before a congressional com- 
mittee of investigation much testimony was adduced to show that this 
was really the case. 

General Burnside resigned from the arrriy on the 15th of April, 1865, 
with a military record that does him high honor as a patriotic, brave and able 
officer, to whom that bane of army life, professional jealousy, was unknown. 
He always frankly admitted his own unfitness for the command of a large 
army and accepted such commands only under stress of circumstances. 
Returning to civil life he became at once identified with railroad construction 
and management. He was elected governor of Rhode Island in April, 1866, 
and re-elected in 1867 and 1868. Declining a fourth nomination he devoted 
himself successfully to the great railroad interests with which he was identi- 
fied. He went to Europe on business during the height of the Franco-Prus- 



54 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

sian war, and, as a soldier, naturally wished to witness some of the siege 
operations before Paris. Visiting the Prussian headquarters at Versailles 
simply in a private capacity, he found himself called upon to act as an envoy 
between the hostile forces, which he did, passing back and forth under a 
flag of truce, endeavoring to further negotiations for peace. In Paris, and 
among the German besiegers, he was looked upon with the greatest curiosity, 
and, although his efforts at peace-making were unsuccessful, he secured the 
lasting respect and confidence of both sides. In January, 1875, after his 
return to this country, he was elected United States senator from Rhode 
Island and in 1880 was re-elected. He took a leading position in the senate, 
was chairman on the committee of foreign affairs and sustained his lifelong 
character as a fair-minded and patriotic citizen. His death, which was very 
sudden, from neuralgia of the heart, occurred at his home in Bristol, Rhode 
Island. The funeral ceremonies assumed an almost national character, for 
his valuable services as a soldier and as a statesman had secured general 
recognition, and in his own state he was the most conspicuous man of his 
time. Burnside was a tall and handsome man, of soldierly bearing, with 
charming manners, which won for him troops of friends and admirers. He 
outlived his wife and died childless. 

REV. PHINEAS LAMB. 

One of the best known and most generally loved citizens of Richmond 
and vicinity was Rev. Phineas Latnb, whose whole life was passed in this 
immediate section of Wayne county. From his youth he seemed to be of a 
serious, deeply religious nature, and, as he grew older, the meaning and 
responsibilities of life wore a yet graver aspect for him. He was thoroughly 
earnest and sincere in all his thoughts, words and deeds, and his noble, manly 
life has proved an inspiration to many of his old friends and associates. 
Though he has passed to his reward, the influence of his conscientious, just 
career, his kindly, generous heart and sympathetic manner abide. 

A son of Thomas and Sarah (Smith) Lamb, and brother of Isaac Lamb, 
a well known resident of Wayne county, the subject of this sketch was born 
on the old family homestead, two and a halt miles northwest of Richmond, 
September 5, 1824. His boyhood was passed in the usual active labors com- 
mon to frontier life in those days, and when quite young he was competent 
to manage a farm. He continued to dwell on the parental farm until 1875, 
when he took up his abode in the western part of Richmond and gave his 
attention to gardening. There he was still living at the time of his death, 
January 26, 1887, when he was in his sixty-third year. For many years he 
had been a licensed minister in the Methodist Episcopal denomination and 
was very active in the work of the church. On numerous occasions he occu- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 55 

pied the pulpit, and for years he served as a class-leader, superintendent of 
the Sunday-school and in other official positions in the West Richmond 
church. He had been reared in the faith of the Society of Friends, but, after 
studying the gospel and the doctrines of various churches, he came to the 
conclusion that none surpassed in beauty, simplicity and the amount of good 
accomplished in the elevation of the world that of the Methodists, and he 
accordingly enlisted in its wonderful army of communicants. As would be 
expected of such a man, true in all his relations to his fellows, he was loyal 
to his duties as a citizen of this great commonwealth, and used his franchise 
in favor of all noble principles and upright candidates for public office. He 
was a Republican in national affairs, while in local matters he voted for the 
man rather than for the party. 

On the 26th of November, 1846, a marriage ceremony united the des- 
tinies of Rev. Mr. Lamb and Miss Sarah Jones. Five children were born to 
this estimable couple, namely: Mary, who is the wife of James Bryant, of 
West Richmond; Rebecca, who married Henry Owens, also of West Rich- 
mond; Edmond, also a citizen of Richmond; Ruth, who became the wife of 
James Duke, and lives in this city; and Albert, who lives on a part of the old 
family homestead. Mrs. Lamb, who survives her husband, is still a resident 
of West Richmond, where she has a host of sincere friends and well-wishers. 
She was born January 4, 1824, near Centerville, Wayne county, being next 
to the youngest of nine children, whose parents were Edmond and Ruth 
(Jarrett) Jones. Five of the number were sons, and three were born in Vir- 
ginia, while the other six were natives of this county. Mr. Jones was one of 
the pioneers of Centerville, his farm being situated four miles south of that 
place, formerly the county seat of this county. He was a successful agri- 
culturist and a man of considerable influence in his community. Politically 
he was a Democrat and for a score of years he served as a justice of the 
peace. In his religious faith he was a Baptist, and died, as he had lived, 
a sincere, trusting Christian. Though nearly a quarter of a century has 
elapsed since his death, in 1875, he is kindly remembered by many of his 
old acquaintances and friends of former years. 

GEORGE HOLLAND. 

No compendium such as the province of this work defines in its essential 
limitations will serve to offer fit memorial to the life and accomplishments of 
the honored subject of this review, — a man remarkable in the breadth of his 
wisdom, in his indomitable perseverance, his strong individuality, and yet 
one whose entire life had not one esoteric phase, being able to bear the clos- 
est scrutiny. True, his were " massive deeds and great" in one sense, and 
yet his entire accomplishment but represented the result of the lit utilization 



56 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

of the innate talent which was his, and the directing of his efforts along those 
lines where mature judgment and rare discrimination led the way. There 
was in George Holland a weight of character, a native sagacity, a far-seeing 
judgment and a fidelity of purpose that commanded the respect of ail, but 
greater than these was his absolute honesty, and "an honest man is the 
noblest work of God." 

George Holland spent almost his entire life in eastern Indiana. He was 
born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, September 28, 181 1. There, 
nine years before, his parents, John and Ann (Henderson) Holland, had taken 
up their abode. They were poor Protestant peasants from the north of Ire- 
land, and after their marriage and the birth of two of their children they 
crossed the Atlantic, in 1802. Not long after the birth of their son George 
they removed to Ohio, and made their home near Zanesville until iSi/.when 
they became residents of Franklin county, Indiana. The father purchased a 
farm upon the west bank of Whitewater river, about five miles from Brook- 
ville, the county-seat, making a partial payment upon the place, expecting 
soon, as the result of his labors, to have the money to discharge the remain- 
ing obligation. Death, however, set aside his plans, for in the autumn of 
181S both the father and mother were stricken with a malignant fever, and 
while thi ir bodies were interred in a cemetery of their adopted land by the 
hands of strangers, their seven children, all yet in their minority, were ill at 
home, unable to attend the funeral. There were si.x sons and a daughter, 
and on this side of the Atlantic they had no relative. It was a sad fate, made 
still harder by cruel treatment which was meted out to them, and of which 
George Holland wrote in an autobiography found among his papers after his 
death: 

" We now first began to learn something of the great world around us. 
Its rush and roar we had before heard only in the distance; but those being 
gone who had kindly preserved us from exposure and had borne for us all the 
cares of life, we found ourselves, helpless and unprotected, afloat upon the 
current. We tasted, too, for the first time, the bitter falsehood of human 
nature. The man of whom my father had bought his land came forward in 
the exigency and charitably administered the estate. His benevolence was 
peculiar. It resulted in appropriating to himself the real and personal prop- 
erty, and turning us, the children, as paupers, over to the bleak hospitalities 
of the world." 

In Indiana, at that time, it was the custom, on the first Monday in 
April, to gather the poor of a county at the court-house and hire them out to 
such persons as would engage to maintain them at the lowest price. The 
winter being passed in the cabin of a neighbor, Mr. Holland and his four 
brothers were conveyed by the overseers of the poor to Brookville, on the 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 57 

first Monday in April, 1819, to be thus placed in the care of the lowest bidder. 
Although but seven years of age, Mr. Holland deeply felt the humiliation of 
the position, but kind-hearted people of Brookville interposed in behalf of 
himself and his brothers, and found permanent homes for them as appren- 
tices until twenty-one years of age. Thus it was that he became an inmate 
of the home and a member of the family of Robert John, a man who had no 
property but was possessed of a kind heart and proved a benefactor to the 
boy. In return, however, Mr. Holland was most faithful to Mr. John, and 
for many years was his active assistant in whatever work he engaged. When 
he was about thirteen Mr. John purchased an interest in a printing-office, and 
Mr. Holland began work at the case and press, soon gaining a practical 
knowledge of the business and becoming a good workman. When Mr. John 
became sheriff he served as deputy, and on retiring from office he worked in 
a woolen factory which his employer rented, having charge of a set of wool- 
carding machines for two seasons. In the summer of 1830 Mr. John was 
elected clerk of the circuit court, and took charge of the office in February, 
1 83 1, Mr. Holland again becoming his deputy. This was a year and a half 
before he attained his majority. His experience in the office had determined 
him to make the practice of law his life-work, and on coming of age he began 
reading without the aid of a teacher. The county clerk, John M. Johnson, 
witnessing his ambitious efforts, permitted him to use his law library, and at 
the same time he read all the miscellaneous volumes he could procure, thus 
daily broadening his general as well as professional knowledge. He was 
always a man of scholarly tastes, and throughout life found one of his chief 
sources of pleasure among his books. A short time before attaining his 
majority he successfully passed an examination, and was admitted to the bar. 
One who knew him well, in referring to his early life, said: "As a boy and 
youth he was gentle, kind and considerate, full of energy, and possessed of 
the most indomitable perseverance. His vigorous and unremitting efforts to 
educate and prepare himself for the profession of his choice in the midst of 
irksome and exacting duties, and his early struggles in the profession, in the 
face of poverty and ill-health, indicate the heroic spirit and fixedness of pur- 
pose which even then distinguished him, and which he afterward so conspicu- 
ously displayed under such trying circumstances." 

Mr. Holland had not a dollar at the time of his admission to the bar. 
He, however, borrowed fifty dollars, purchased a small law library at auction 
and opened an office in Brookville. About this time he secured the office of 
county assessor and the outdoor exercise proved very beneficial to his under- 
mined health, while the nature of his business made him acquainted with 
many people and thus paved the way for future law practice. He received 
seventy-five dollars for his official services, which enabled him to repay the 



58 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

borrowed money. He was not only well equipped for his professional career 
by a comprehensive knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence, but his 
experience in the clerk's office had given him a thorough and practical knowl- 
edge of forms and practice. One from whom we have before quoted, said of 
him: " His early success at the bar was marvelous, and may be attributed 
mainly to the thorough knowledge of his profession, which he acquired by 
the most indefatigable reading and study. He read everything he could get 
hold of in the way of general and professional literature. Few lawyers of 
the day, at the Indiana bar, were as thoroughly grounded in the principles 
of law and as familiar with the English and early American reports as he 
was. His range of professional reading was most extensive and included 
most of the rare works in black-letter lore that could then be procured. At 
the same time, and in fact almost during his entire life, even when in later 
years he was almost overwhelmed with financial cares and responsibilities, 
his delight was in general literature, — it was his rest and recreation, — and in 
historical, political, scientific and religious learning his mind was a cyclo- 
paedia of facts. While he had none of the elements of a popular speaker, 
and, consequently, made no mark as an orator, he was a logical and persua- 
sive reasoner before a jury, and had great force in presenting an argument to 
a court. The care with which he prepared his cases, the skill and shrewd- 
ness he displayed in their management, his unrivaled power in dealing with 
a complicated and tangled chain of issues and circumstances, together with 
his extensive professional knowledge, made him a most formidable opponent 
in the lower courts, and gave him an excellent reputation at the bar of the 
supreme court, where he was admitted to practice in May, 1835, when 
twenty-four years of age." 

Prosperity attended his efforts for many years. The important litigated 
interests entrusted to his care brought him handsome financial returns, and 
much of his capital he judiciously invested in property and added not a little 
to his income through wise speculations. At length, however, disaster over- 
took him. Honorable himself, he was slow to distrust others, and when 
those in whose worthiness and friendship he relied implicitly wished him to 
go security for them he complied. It was in November, 1853, that some of 
his merchant friends failed, leaving him to pay their indebtedness of fifty 
thousand dollars. This seemed a great deal, but was as nothing com- 
pared to what awaited him. In November, 1854, he awoke to the realiza- 
tion that he was endorser for a broken and bankrupt merchant for one hun- 
dred thousand dollars in blank, — all due within sixty days and for which he 
was unmistakably liable. Utterly discouraged and disheartened, in the midst 
of this gloom and desolation, yet encouraged by his sympathizing wife, he 
resolved that with the help and blessing of God he would pay the debt, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 59 

resolutely set to work to accomplish the task, with an abiding faith that he 
would live to accomplish it. And he did live to accomplish it after a struggle 
of twenty-one years, paying the last of these debts just fourteen years before 
his sudden death, and never was a word of suspicion breathed against his fair 
name. Anxiety pressed heavily upon him and he suffered a purely nervous 
fever, from the effects of which he never recovered, but he paid off dollar 
for dollar. The true character of the man now shone forth; his ideas of 
commercial honor and integrity were of the highest character and his deter- 
mination to pay that awful debt, most of it fraudulently put upon him, was 
inflexibly fixed. The financial skill and business ability he displayed at this 
critical period in his affairs; the zeal and ingenuity he exhibited in getting 
extensions of the bank paper upon which he was liable, until he could have 
time to turn about and handle his property; his unvarying success in dis- 
posing of the latter to the best advantage; in making, when necessary, 
new and advantageous loans, and generally, in meeting his obligations 
promptly as they became due, are simply marvelous. When one considers 
that all this was done in connection with the exacting duties of a large law 
practice, which he never suffered to be neglected, it indicates more strongly 
than words can express the strength and fertility of his mind and his great 
business and professional capacities. 

In May, 1869, Judge N. H. Johnson died suddenly, leaving a vacancy on 
the bench of the criminal court of Wayne county, and to the position Mr. 
Holland was appointed. Previous to this time, his only child had married 
C. C. Binkley, a young lawyer, whom Judge Holland admitted into partner- 
ship in his business, this connection continuing until his elevation to the 
bench. In July, 1861, he had determined to remove to Richmond, and in 
May, 1862, had established his family in the new home. When elevated to 
the bench he was in very poor health, but after a few months spent at 
Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, he returned much improved, and with 
characteristic energy entered upon his judicial labors. He was re-elected to 
that office, and administered justice without fear or favor until the court was 
abolished by legislative act. His professional brethren spoke of him as one 
of the foremost lawyers of Indiana of his day and his record reflects honor 
upon the bench and bar of the state. 

When twenty-three years of age Judge Holland was united in marriage 
to Miss Elizabeth John, daughter of Robert John, in whose family he was 
reared, and he never lost an opportunity to acknowledge his indebtedness to 
his wife and her parents for all that they were to him. To her mother, Mrs. 
Asenath John, he attributed all the ambitious and honorable influences which 
permeated his youth, and to the assistance and encouragement of his wife he 
attributed the success which crowned his many years of effort in paying off 



60 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the debts of another. One daughter, Georgiana, was born of this marriage, 
and from the time of their removal to Richmond Mr. Holland and his wife 
and Mr. and Mrs. Binkley with their children lived in one family. Mrs. 
Holland survives and still resides with her daughter. In 1849, having no son 
of their own, they adopted Edwin Holland Terrel, then only nine months 
old. He was left motherless at that age, and his father, Rev. Williamson 
Terrel, was an itinerant Methodist minister. The boy proved entirely worthy 
the love and tender care bestowed upon him. For some years he was a 
prominent practitioner at the bar at Indianapolis. Having married at San 
Antonio, Texas, he removed there and entered the practice at that place. 
Soon afterward he drifted into railroad and other enterprises, resulting very 
successfully. In 1888, his merit and qualification being well known to 
Benjamin Harrison, president of the United States, he appointed him United 
States minister to Belgium, which place he filled with great renown and dis- 
tinction to the close of that administration. He is still living in San Antonio, 
occupied with the care of his property and accumulations, enjoying the com- 
forts of one of the most elegant homes of Texas and reveling in the delights 
of one of the finest private libraries in the state. 

In politics Judge Holland was a stalwart Republican, and in i860 he was 
a delegate to the national convention in Chicago, which nominated Abraham 
Lincoln for the presidency. In the spring of 1842 he acknowledged his belief 
in the Christ and was ever afterward a follower in His footsteps, having an 
abiding faith in the Christian religion. He was always at his place in the 
church, and manifested his belief in that practical spirit of helpfulness of the 
One who came not to be ministered unto but to minister. Death came to 
him unexpectedly, November 30, 1875, but his upright life had fully prepared 
him to meet it, and he passed from earth as " one who wraps the draperies 
of his couch about him and lies down to pleasant dreams." 

No death in Wayne county has ever been more deeply lamented than 
that of Judge Holland. He was a man who regarded home ties as most 
sacred and friendship as inviolable. Emerson says "The way to win a 
friend is to be one," and no man in the community had more friends than he. 
He was a man of very sympathetic and generous nature, a pleasant compan- 
ion, and especially congenial to those who cultivated all that was highest and 
best in life. Resolutions of the highest respect were passed by the bar of the 
county and circuit and the bar of Brookville, — his old home, — and the sym- 
pathy of the entire community was with the family. Almost a quarter of a 
century has passed since Judge Holland was called to the home beyond, but 
he is well remembered by all who knew him, his memory is cherished in the 
hearts of his friends, and his influence still remains as a blessed benediction 
to those among whom he walked daily. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



ENOS M. McCREADY. 

Enos M. McCready, of Falmouth, Indiana, is an ex-sheriff of Fayette 
county, Indiana, and is one of its representative farmers. Mr. McCready is 
a native of the Keystone state. He was born in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, August lO, 1836, a son of Pennsylvania parents, Samuel and Rebecca 
A. (Taylor) McCready. Samuel McCready was a son of Samuel McCready, 
Sr. , a native of the north of Ireland, who came to America with his parents 
and settled in Pennsylvania, where he worked at the trade of carpenter. In 
1837 Samuel McCready, and his son Samuel, came to Indiana and located 
at Fairfield, in Franklin county. The elder Samuel McCready died at the 
home of his son in 1845. His children in order of birth were John, Nancy, 
Elizabeth, George, Samuel, Rachel and Isaac. John, the first of the family 
to come west, located in Hamilton, Ohio, and a few years later came over 
into Indiana and settled in Franklin county. Other members of the family 
scattered in different states and some of them subsequently came to Indiana. 
Samuel, at the time he came to Indiana from Pennsylvania, had only limited 
means. He settled at Fairfield, as already stated, and during the first years 
of his residence there followed the trade of shoemaker. Later he bought a 
farm in Posey township, Franklin county, but sold out not long afterward 
and moved to Orange township, Fayette county, where he bought a farm 
and lived three years. His next move was to Blooming Grove township, 
Franklin county, where he continued his residence a number of years. After 
his wife died and his family scattered he sold out and moved to Iowa. He 
subsequently returned to Indiana, and died at Fayetteville, Fayette county, 
February 15, 1880, at the age of sixty-eight years. He was an active mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church, from time to time filling its various 
offices, and for years his house was the home of the Methodist preacher, who 
always found a cordial welcome at "Brother McCready's." His wife, 
Rebecca A., was a daughter of Francis Taylor, who was of Scotch descent 
and a native of Pennsylvania. The Taylors were Presbyterians. Mrs. 
McCready was the only one of the family that came to Indiana. Samuel and 
Rebecca A. McCready were the parents of the following named children: 
Enos Miller, whose name introduces this sketch; Sarah, who has been twice 
married, her first husband being a Mr. Price and her second husband John 
Curry; Rachel, who died in infancy; Ray, deceased, left a wife and one 
child; John W., a Union soldier in the civil war, died in the service; James, 
deceased, was a railroad man; Joseph L., resides with his brother, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; and George is located in the far west. 

Enos Miller McCready was reared on a farm from his eleventh year and 
remained a member of the home circle until he was twenty-two. At that 



^2 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

age he started out in life to do for himself. In 1861, in answer to his coun- 
try's call for volunteers to help put down the southern rebellion, he enlisted, 
at Connersville, as a member of the Forty-first Indiana Regiment, Second 
Cavalry, which was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, under General 
Nelson. Mr. McCready's first battle was at Green river, and with his com- 
mand he was on active duty through the south. At Gallatin, Tennessee, he 
was wounded in the right leg, from the effects of which he has never recov- 
ered, the wound resulting in a running sore. He remained with his com- 
mand, however, keeping to his post of duty notwithstanding the wound. At 
the time his regiment was captured at Hartsville, Tennessee, he, with five 
others, was absent on detailed duty and thus escaped capture. During the 
whole of his army service he was home on a furlough only seven days. Four 
months after the term of his enlistment had expired he was sent to Indian- 
apolis and mustered out, receiving an honorable discharge in October, 1864. 

At the close of his army service Mr. McCready returned to Franklin 
county, where he was married soon afterward and settled on a rented farm. 
He farmed for several years successfully on rented land, on his father's farm 
and on land which he bought. Selling out, he moved to Mount Carmel and 
engaged in the grocery business. Also at the same time he was for four 
years postmaster at that place. Honest to the letter himself, he trusted 
others too much, the result being that he lost the major portion of what he 
had saved. From Mount Carmel he came to Connersville and for a time 
was employed in the pork house. Turning again to agricultural pursuits, he 
rented land for several years and then accepted the position of superintendent 
of the county infirmary, which place he filled acceptably for three years. In 
1890 he was elected sheriff of Fayette county, was re-elected in 1892, and 
served in that office four years, giving entire satisfaction to the officers and 
law-abiding people of the county. The proceeds of his office he invested in 
land, buying the one hundred and twenty-five acres where he lives and 
another tract consisting of forty acres. The year after his term of office had 
expired he spent in settling up a shoe business for which he was assignee. 
Then he moved to his present farm. He is a man of sterling integrity, and 
the old saying, oft quoted, "His word is as good as his bond," may be 
applied to him without fear of contradiction. 

He married Miss Emaline Brothers, a native of Franklin county, 
Indiana, born September 14, 1841, daughter of Benjamin and Margaret 
(Swift) Brothers, natives respectively of North Carolina and Maryland. Ben- 
jamin Brothers was the elder of two children. Their mother dying when 
they were young and a stepmother later comirig into the home, Benjamin and 
his sister, when the latter was twelve years old, came to Indiana, where she 
subsequently became the wife of Harrison Lynn. Benjamin learned the car- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 63 

penter's trade, which he followed in Franklin county, where he spent the 
rest of his life and died, the date of his death being July 17, 1852. He was 
a strong temperance advocate and a leading member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. His widow became the wife of Thomas Genn. She died in 
1893. There were no children by her second marriage. The two children 
by Mr. Brothers were Hannah and Emaline, the former dying in infancy, the 
latter being the wife of Mr. McCready. Mr. and Mrs. McCready have had 
the following named children: Frank, a traveling salesman for the Parry 
Manufacturing Company, of Indianapolis, with headquarters at Kansas City; 
Clara B., wife of V. M. Mendenhall, of New Castle, Indiana, died August 
27, 1892, without issue; Benjamin F., a traveling salesman for the McFarlan 
Carriage Works, of Connersville, has his headquarters at Des Moines, low*; 
Birta B., wife of Harry Bragg, of Connersville; and Tina, at home. 

Mr. McCready affiliates with the Republican party politically, and fra- 
ternally with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Grand Army of 
the Republic. 

JAMES E. REEVES. 

One of the most prominent and respected citizens of Richmond is James 
E. Reeves, a man whose history furnishes a splendid example of what maybe 
accomplished through determined purpose, laudable ambition and well 
directed efforts. Starting out in life a poor boy, he has steadily worked his 
way upward, gaining success and winning the public confidence. For thirty- 
si.\ years he has occupied the position of president of the First National Bank 
of Richmond, but at the age of fifteen he was occupying a humble clerkship 
in a small store. 

He was born November 27, 18 14, in the village of Berkley, Glou- 
cester county. New Jersey, which was also the birthplace of his parents, 
Mark and Ann (Ewan) Reeves, who in 1823 came to Richmond with their 
family, consisting of two sons and two daughters. The father was a carpen- 
ter by trade, and was one of the pioneer contractors and builders of this sec- 
tion of the state. He died in 1855, and his wife passed away in 1842. 

James E. Reeves was only nine years of age, when he came with the 
family to Richmond. The school system of the county had not been formu- 
lated, but he received such educational privileges as the neighborhood 
afforded, and experience and observation have given him that practical knowl- 
edge without which there is no success in the business world. At the age of 
fifteen, being ambitious to provide for his own maintenance, he secured a 
clerkship in the first drug store ever established in Richmond, then the 
property of Dr. James R. Mendenhall. (It was established by Dr. Morri- 
son and Dr. Warner.) He remained with him for a year, then went to 
Liberty, Indiana, as a salesman in the employ of Dr. Mendenhall, who 



64 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

had opened a dry-goods store at that place. A year later he accepted 
a position in a store opened by his brother, Mark E. Reeves, who 
began operations on a small scale in Washington, now Green's Fork, Wayne 
county, conducting a general store, in which James E. Reeves was employed 
as a salesman for eight years. On the expiration of that period the brothers 
formed a partnership under the firm name of M. E. & J. E. Reeves, con- 
ducting a general store in Washington for three years, when the junior part- 
ner returned to Richmond and opened a general store here, successfully con- 
ducting the enterprise from February, 1840, until 1848. During this time he 
also established a cotton factory north of Richmond, and for two years he 
engaged in the manufacture of cotton yarns and batting. In 1848 he went 
to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he became a wholesale dealer in boots and shoes, 
hats and caps and straw goods. After a year he admitted his brother, Mark 
E., to a partnership in the business, and when another year had passed they 
were joined by Isaac Stephens, under the firm name of Reeves, Stephens & 
Company, a partnership which was continued until 1855, when our subject's 
health failed him and he returned to Richmond. 

Here he purchased one hundred acres of land on the west side of the 
river from Robert Morrison and engaged in farming for eight years, finding 
in the outdoor pursuits just what he needed to restore his health and strength. 
In 1863 he took up his residence in the city and in connection with hi& 
brother Mark established the First National Bank of Richmond, this being 
the seventeenth national bank established in the United States and the second 
in Indiana, the other having been founded in Fort Wayne. It was originally 
capitalized for two hundred thousand dollars. He was elected president, the 
doors were opened for business June 15, 1863, and since that time James E. 
Reeves has continued at the head of the institution, which has had a pros- 
perous existence of thirty-six years. During the financial panics when other 
banks have failed, it has never been forced to suspend for a single day, but 
has followed a wise and conservative business policy which has made it one 
of the strongest and most reliable financial institutions in this part of the 
state. Its success is largely due to the capable management, splendid exec- 
utive ability, untiring efforts and firm purpose of Mr. Reeves, whose reputa- 
tion in commercial circles is above question and whose word is as good as 
any bond that was ever solemnized by signature or seal. 

Other business interests have also claimed his attention and ha\e been 
promoted through his ability. He is president of the Champion Roller Mill- 
ing Company, aided in its organization, and its business is now the largest of 
the kind in eastern Indiana. He is connected with the Richmond City Mill 
Works, was one of the directors for a number of years and throughout his 
active business career has been most faithful to the ethics of commercial life. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 65 

meeting fully every obligation and dealing most fairly and honorably at 
all times. 

Mr. Reeves has been twice married. On the iSth of August, 1842, he 
wedded Isabella Cornell, of Philadelphia, and to them were born three chil- 
dren: James F., a well-known business man of Richmond; Isabella May, 
deceased; and one who died in infancy. The mother died in 1863, and Mr. 
Reeves was again married in April, 1863, his second union being with Mrs. 
Hannah More Ireland, ncc Peters, of Illinois. They have two children. 
The elder, William Peters Reeves, Ph. D., a graduate of Johns Hopkins 
University, at Baltimore, Maryland, now occupies the chair of English liter- 
ature in the University of Iowa, at Iowa City, and is a most able young man 
of high scholarly attainments and superior mental endowments, whose future 
will undoubtedly be a brilliant and successful one. Jesse Siddall, the younger 
son, is also a graduate of the Johns Hopkins University, has won the Ph. D. 
degree, and is now an enterprising young attorney of Richmond and United 
States commissioner. 

In early life Mr. Reeves gave his political support to the men and 
measures of the Whig party, and on the organization of the Republican 
party joined its ranks. His first presidential vote was cast for W^illiam 
Henry Harrison, in 1836. He has served as a member of the city council 
of Richmond, but has never been an aspirant for office. He was one of the 
three trustees appointed by Robert Morrison, deceased, to effect the purchase 
of what is now known as the Morrison-Reeves library. This is one of the 
best libraries in the state, creditable to the city and an enduring monument 
to its founders. In 1865 he was appointed by Governor Morton treasurer of 
the Indiana Agricultural College, now Purdue University, and served during 
the preliminary organization. Early in the '70s he was the receiver for the 
Cincinnati & Fort Wayne Railway Company. Mr. Reeves has long been 
actively interested in all that pertains to the general welfare and advance- 
ment of his city, and has also aided many movements for the amelioration of 
human suffering. He is rather reserved in manner, dignified and entirely 
unostentatious, yet at all times kindly and courteous, possessing those instinct- 
ive traits of culture and worth which in every land and clime command 
respect. His friends have the highest appreciation of his many excellent 
qualities, and all esteem him for a life over which there falls no shadow of 
wrong or suspicion of evil. 

A. M. HOSIER. 

One of the boys in blue of the civil war, and at all times a loyal citi- 
zen true to the interests of county, state and nation, A. M. Hosier is num- 
bered among the representative farmers of \\'ayne county, which is one of 



66 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the richest agricultural districts in this commonwealth. The Hosier family 
was one of the first founded in this locality and its members took an active 
part in its development through the pioneer epoch in its history. The 
grandfather of our subject was a strong adherent of the Hicksite faith, which 
had a very large following in Wayne county. The parents of our subject 
were Jesse and Martha (Dunham) Hosier, the former a native of Indiana, 
born in 1816, and the latter of Liberty, Union county, Indiana. In 1S07 
Lewis Hosier, grandfather of Jesse, left the place of his nativity in North 
Carolina, and, emigrating westward, located in Wayne county amid the 
Indians, who were more numerous than the white settlers, for the tide of emi- 
gration had not then swept through the forests and over the prairies of this 
district. He was accompanied by his wife and two sons, and in this frontier 
settlement they made homes and aided in reducing the wild land to pur- 
poses of civilization. He died at the age of seventy-eight years. Jesse Hosier 
here continued his farming operations until his death, which was occasioned. 
by cancer in 1866, when he was fifty-two years of age. His wife, long sur- 
viving him, passed away in 1891, at the age of seventy years. They were 
the parents of ten children, namely: Aurelius M., now deceased; Hender- 
son O., Henry O., A. M., Mary Elizabeth, Caroline, Frances, Laura Ann, 
William and Minomia. The last named is also deceased. Four of the 
brothers loyally served their country through the dark days of the rebellion, 
but all lived to return to their homes and are yet faithful citizens of the 
republic save Aurelius M. , who responded to the roll call above in 1S95, 
when a resident of Iowa. 

A. M. Hosier, whose name introduces this review, passed his boyhood 
in a manner similar to other farmer lads of the period, working in the fields 
through the summer months, while in the winter season he pursued his edu- 
cation in the district schools of the neighborhood. At the age of twenty, 
ihowever, he left home and went to the front as a defender of the Union 
■cause, enlisting in December, 1862, as a member of the One Hundred and 
Twenty-first Regiment or Ninth Indiana Cavalry. He participated in Hood's 
•campaign in 1863, and in all the engagements in which his command took 
■part was always found at his post of duty, loyally upholding the starry ban- 
ner and the cause it represented. On the loth of June, 1865, he was mus- 
tered out, in St. Louis, Missouri, and with a creditable military record 
returned to his home. 

Mr. Hosier at once resumed the labors of the farm and throughout his 
business career has carried on agricultural pursuits. He located on his 
present farm in Harrison township, Wayne county, in 1870 and has since 
devoted his time and energies to the cultivation of his fields and the care of 
his stock. He follows advanced and progressive methods of agriculture, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 67 

his place is neat and thrifty in appearance, owing to his consecutive labors 
and careful supervision. In 1898 he further improved his property by the 
erection of a substantial and tasteful residence. 

On the 25th of March, 1869, Mr. Hosier married Miss Rebecca E., 
daughter of Benjamin and Rachel (M3'ers) Hamm, natives of Berks county, 
Pennsylvania. His father died at the age of eighty-five, the mother when 
eighty-six years of age. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hosier have been born four 
children: Credwell, born May 12, 1873; Roscoe P., born May 31, 1880; 
Frederick M., born January 5, 1884; and Scott H., born October3i, 1885. 

In his political views Mr. Hosier has always been a stanch Republican, 
and on that ticket was elected in 1894 to the position of township trustee, 
in which position he has served most acceptably since August, 1895. He 
was at one time a member of Colonel M. D. Leason Post, at Jacksonburg, 
but the organization disbanded some years since. He is a man of very genial 
temperament, and this quality renders him an agreeable companion. 

OLIVER L. VORIS. 

Professor Oliver L. Voris, the efficient and popular principal of the 
Hagerstown high school, is a native of this state, his birth having taken place 
in Switzerland county. May 21, 1859. His paternal grandfather, Major 
Cornelius Voris, was a native of Kentucky, whence he removed to Switzer- 
land county at an early period, becoming one of its founders and influential 
citizens. Our subject's father, Joseph Voris, was born in 1825, in the county 
named, and after passing his entire life in that section, was called to his 
reward on the 8th of December, 1898. The wife and mother, whose maiden 
name was Mary Van Nuys, is still living at the old homestead. Of their ten 
children, eight sons and two daughters, seven are yet living, and at different 
times all have been engaged in teaching. Joseph H. is in charge of the 
scientific branches in the Huntington high school; Peter V. was superintend- 
dent of the Hagerstown schools for five years; John A. is now engaged in 
farming in Johnson county, Indiana; Harvey B. resides on a farm near his 
father's old homestead; Cornelius A. is carrying on a portion of the parental 
estate; and Rose E. is with her mother in the old home. 

In his early years Professor Oliver L. Voris lived on a farm and received 
his preliminary education in the district schools. In 188 1 he entered the 
Terre Haute State Normal School, where he was graduated seven years later. 
In the meantime, as he had been obliged to pay his own way through school, 
he had spent considerable time in teaching, which method was not without 
its peculiar advantages, though it was not a matter of preference with him. 
Two of his brothers, Peter V. and the youngest, likewise were graduated in 
the same institution. In the course of his career as an educator Professor 



68 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Voris has taught in the district schools of his native county three years; was 
two years in Boone county; then taught in the schools at Lebanon, Indiana, 
for one year; for two years was principal of the Centerville high school, and 
for six years was the superintendent of the schools there. His connection 
with the Hagerstown high school dates from the beginning of the school year 
of 1898, and marked changes for the better have been inaugurated here in 
the interim. He is a ripe scholar and assiduous student, and to his well 
directed energy and zeal is due, in large measure, the excellence of the high 
school, which now ranks with the best in the state. 

The marriage of Professor Voris and Miss Carrie S. Peitsmyer, a native 
of Warren county, Ohio, was celebrated in 1891. Mrs. Voris, who for ten 
years was successfully engaged in teaching in Wayne county prior to her mar- 
riage, was reared in the faith of the Society of Friends, but is now identified 
with the Presbyterian church, as is the Professor. They are the parents of 
one child, a daughter named Edna. Their home is a happy and attractive 
one, where warm-hearted hospitality is always to be found by their numerous 
friends. 

WILLIAM D. REID. 

William D. Reid, who is one of the best known citizens of Richmond, 
comes of good old Protestant Irish stock, his ancestors having been promi- 
nent and influential in county Donegal, Ireland. His great-grandfather, 
John Reid, was born in the early part of last century, and spent his whole 
life in Donegal, his native county. 

His son, Patrick, the next in the line of descent, was born near Church- 
town, in the same county, in 1744, and for a period of forty years was the 
presiding elder in the Episcopal church of that place. In 1822 he emigrated 
to the United States, and for the following seven years he resided near Wil- 
mington, Delaware, whence he then removed to a farm one and a half miles 
north of Richmond. He had learned the trade of a stone-mason, but after 
coming to this locality he devoted himself exclusively to agriculture. In the 
Richmond Episcopal church he was the first communicant, and was ever 
afterward one of the most influential members. A thorough Bible scholar, 
— one of the best in the country, in fact, — few cared to meet him in an argu- 
ment, and man}' a mmister, even, was defeated by him when discussions 
arose as to the truths and doctrines presented in the Scriptures. Yet for his 
day he was liberal in his views, and was the possessor of an extensive fund 
of general knowledge and information. He lived to the extreme age of 
ninety-six years, dying in 1840. 

His wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth McCauley, and all of their 
children, were born in county Donegal. The children were five in number, 
namely: Francis, Eleanor, Sarah, Alexander and Jane, and all are deceased. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 69 

Sarah, the wife of WilHam Donan, started to come to the United States in 
1812, but was taken prisoner by the British (as war had been declared 
between the two countries) and was kept at St. Johns, Newfoundland, until 
after the decisive battle of New Orleans, January 8, 181 5, after which she 
went to Wilmington, Delaware. Her husband died in 1828, and she never 
married again, though she lived until 1890, when she died at Port Orange, 
Florida. 

Alexander Reid, the father of our subject, was a man of high standing in 
Donegal, taking a leading part in local affairs. After the famous rebellion of 
1798, in Ireland, he was appointed by the government to collect the arms 
and ammunition of the defeated insurgents, and discharged his duties with 
fidelity. He cast in his lot with the people of the United States in 1821, and 
was quietly engaged in farming in the vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware, until 
1843, when he removed to Whitley county, Indiana, where he lived until his 
death, in 1869. As a raiser of wheat he was especially successful, and in his 
various transactions he generally was prospered. Both he and his sons allied 
themselves with the Republican party upon its formation, and were thence- 
forth zealous and enthusiastic workers in the organization, though never office- 
seekers. Like his father, he was an earnest member of the Episcopal church, 
and the regard of all who were associated with him in any manner was his in 
an enviable degree. 

William D. Reid, a son of Alexander and Mary (Hannah) Reid, was born 
in Newcastle county, Delaware, on a farm three miles north of Wilmington, 
July 6, 1823. The young man removed to this state with the family. The 
mother died when William D. was twenty-eight months old, and, as his father 
never married again, they continued to live together, as just stated. Our 
subject remained in Whitley county, busily engaged in farming, until March, 
1879, when he removed to a homestead a mile and a half north of Richmond. 
He now owns a valuable farm in Spring Grove borough, and, aided by his 
sons, he carries on the place successfully. While a resident of Whitley 
county he was one of the projectors, stockholders and directors of the Eel 
River Railroad, which was constructed in 1873 and is now owned by the 
Wabash. Just fifty years to the day after his grandfather, the first communi- 
cant of the Richmond Episcopal church, had joined it, William D. Reid 
became a member of the congregation and an active worker in the cause of 
Christianity. He cast his first presidential ballot for Henry Clay, and has 
been a stanch defender of the principles of the Republican party for more 
than two-score years. His life has been one of modest, unassuming worth — 
a life well rounded, and a fitting example to be held up for the emulation of 
the young. 

On the isth of June, 1851, Mr. Reid married Fannie F. Reid, and five 



70 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

children blessed their union. Mary C, the fourth child, married Benjamin 
F. Simmons, and died in 1897. The others, Jennie E., David L., Alexander 
S. and William A., still spend much of their time at the old homestead, in 
loving companionship with their father, their mother having died in 1874. 
Alexander Reid, who for several years was a successful teacher, and for the 
past eighteen years has been a trusted bookkeeper in the employ of John W. 
Grubb & Company, wholesale grocers of Richmond, was honored by election 
to the responsible office of county auditor in November, 1898. He ran ahead 
of his ticket, county and state, fifty votes, a fact which attests his great pop- 
ularity and the confidence of the people in his capability and trustworthiness. 
He was married in 1889 to Anna Cadwallader,' who died about two years 
later. Like his brothers and sisters, his parents and forefathers, the newly- 
elected auditor is deeply interested in the upbuilding of the Episcopal church 
and the propagation of the doctrines of Christianity. In short, he stands on 
the side of progress, advancement and civilization, favoring educ ition, relig- 
ion, law and order, and whatever makes for the good of the people as indi- 
viduals and as communities. 

ALFRED MANLOVE. 

The subject of this review is a well known farmer of Posey township, 
Fayette county, Indiana, whose skill and ability in his chosen calling are 
plainly manifest in the well tilled fields and neat and thrifty appearance of 
his place. He was born November 21, 1840, on the farm where he still 
resides, and early in life he became familiar with every department of farm 
work. His early education, acquired in the common schools, was supple- 
mented by a course in the Fairview Academy. 

Our subject is a representative of one of the pioneer families of the 
county, being a grandson of William and Prudence (Cook) Manlove, natives 
of South Carolina, who, with their two children, took up their residence in 
what is now Posey township, about 18 12. After a short residence here the 
grandfather went to Cincinnati, with a team, for supplies, and while there 
contracted the cholera, from which he died on the way home. His widow 
and six children were thus left almost destitute in a new and wild country, 
but the former managed to keep her family together. She made a desperate 
effort to secure a home for them by taking up a tract of government land, on 
which she erected a cabin and cleared three or four acres. She hoped soon 
to get the money to enter the land, but one of her neighbors, John Hueston, 
a money-loaner, entered it and took it from her. She afterward married 
James Mclvonkey, of Irish descent, who entered land and improved a farm. 
He was a very stern man, and the Manlove children, not being able to stand 
his tyranny, soon left home. They were Cynthia, who became the wife of 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 71 

John Miller; Phoebe, wife of John Stevens; Jesse, father of our subject, who 
was the second white child born in Fa3'ette county; Absalom, who located 
near Jesse; Alfred, who died young; and William, a resident of Fayette 
county. By her second marriage the mother had three children: Eli, 
Sophrona, wife of Reuben Allen, and Thomas. 

Jesse Manlove, father of our subject, was born April 13, 1815, and on 
leaving home was compelled to work for the small wages of fifty cents per 
day at hard labor, but his determination to make for himself a home gave 
him energy, and he steadil}' persevered until the end was accomplished. 
Saving his well earned money, he purchased eighty acres of land, of which a 
few acres had been poorly cleared, while some fruit trees had been set out 
and a cabin erected upon the place. He kept adding to his original purchase 
until he had three hundred and twenty acres of fine land, which he placed under 
a high state of cultivation and improved with good buildings, including a com- 
modious two-stor}' frame house. He gave his entire attention to farming and 
stock-raising, feeding most of the products of his farm to his stock. In early 
days he drove his hogs to the Cincinnati market and walked home, carrying 
his money with him. It often required thirty days to make the trip. Polit- 
ically he was an ardent Democrat, and religiously was a consistent member 
of the Primitive Baptist church. His life in all respects was above reproach, 
he was ever a friend of the poor and needy, and the latch-string on his door 
always hung out. Mr. Manlove married Miss Lana A. Colvin, who was born 
in Rush county, Indiana, January 8, 18 19, a daughter of Boswell and Lydia 
(Hatfield) Colvin. Her father, who was a shoemaker and stone-mason by trade, 
came to this state from Kentucky at an early day and spent the remainder of 
his life here. His children were Lana A.; John; Levi; Charles; Mrs. Hannah 
Vernon; William; Nancy, wife of William Sprong; Owen; Sarah, wife of 
N. Williams; Mary, wife of James Sprong; Lewis and Mrs. Lydia A. Pouts, 
twins; and Jane, who died young. Mrs. Manlove also was an earnest mem- 
ber of the Primitive Baptist church. By her marriage she became the mother 
of eleven children, namely: Francis M., a resident of Missouri; Alfred, our 
subject; Levi, who died leaving a wife and one child; Jane, who married N. 
Cummins and died April 5, 1879; William A., a resident of Missouri; Lydia 
A., who married J. Stephens and died February 18, 1876; John H., a farmer; 
Absalom, who died February 4, 1890, leaving a wife and three children; 
Prudence E. and Jesse, who both died young; and Sarah C, wife of C. 
Jackson. 

During his boyhood and youth the subject of this sketch attended school 
during the winter and assisted his father with the labors of the farm through 
the summer months. After attaining his majority he engaged in teaching 
school to some e.xtent and followed farming on his own account. After his 



72 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

marriage, in 1867, he bought a small farm and located thereon, but the fol- 
lowing year purchased the old homestead of his father and has since resided 
there. To his first purchase of eighty acres he has added forty more, and 
has successfully engaged in general farming and stock-raising. 

In. 1 867 Mr. Manlove was united in marriage with Miss Hettie R. Rea, 
who was born in Fayette county, May 18, 1844, and is a daughter of Daniel 
and Lucinda (Hines) Rea, natives of Virginia and Indiana, respectively. The 
father, who was a farmer and blacksmith by occupation, improved a good 
farm from a heavily timbered tract in Fayette county. He was a man of 
stern habits, but was a faithful member of the Baptist church, and though a 
sufferer from rheumatism he bore this misfortune with Christian fortitude. 
He was first married in Virginia and lost his wife after coming to this state. 
By that union he had ten children: Elizabeth J., Mary F. , Martha S., 
Christian, John, James W. , David D., Minerva C, and Emeline and Evaline, 
twins. By the second marriage there were four children: Caroline and 
Jacob L., who both died young; Hettie R. , wife of our subject; and Ben- 
jamin F. The father died January 19, 1874, and the mother August 23, 
1855. Mr. and Mrs. Manlove have two children. Osman R., born June 9, 
1868, received a liberal education as a civil engineer and electrician and is 
now chief engineer at the school of the feeble-minded at Fort Wayne. Cora 
L. is now the wife of Elmer Caldwell, a farmer of Fayette county. 

Although not a member of any religious denomination, Mr. Manlove 
endeavors to live up to the teaching of the Primitive Baptist church, in which 
he was reared, and his life has ever been such as to command the respect 
and esteem of all who know him. Politically he adheres to the principles of 
the Democracy and is one of the leaders of the party in his section of the 
county. He keeps well posted on the questions and issues of the day, has 
served as a delegate to judicial and county conventions, and most creditably 
and satisfactorily served as trustee of his township for one term, but did not 
have any desire to serve longer. 

WILLIAM G. SCOTT. 

When a man passes away we look back over the life ended and note its 
usefulness — its points worthy of emulation and perpetuation. What William 
F. Scott did for his fellow men might, in a manner, be told in words, but in 
its far-reaching influences cannot be measured. Many business concerns and 
moral enterprises owe their excellence and progress largely to his influence. 
He was in touch with ihe people, and from a sincere and deep-felt interest 
in their welfare labored for all that would prove of public benefit until the 
busy and useful life was ended. 

Mr. Scott was born in Harrisonburg, Rockingham county, Virginia, Sep- 





a</ttr- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 73 

tember 17, 1824, and was a son of John and Sarah (Logan) Scott, who were 
natives of county Monaghan, Ireland, and, crossing the Atlantic to the New 
World, located in Virginia, in 1826. There they resided until 1827, when 
they removed to Richmond, Indiana, where the father died in the year 1833, 
his wife passing away in 1849. After his father's death William G. Scott 
made his home with his uncle, Daniel Reid, who resided in Richmond, 
Indiana, until 1838, when he removed to Fort Wayne, this state. To the 
public schools of those cities William G. Scott was indebted for the educa- 
tional privileges which he received, but he put aside his text-books when six- 
teen years of age in order to assist his uncle in the land office at Fort 
Wayne, in which Mr. Reid was receiver. In 1844 he returned to Richmond 
and soon afterward entered the employ of J. M. & J. H. Hutton. foundrymen, 
under whose direction he learned the moulder's trade. 

On the 3d of June, 1847, Mr. Scott married Miss Malinda Gaar, a daugh- 
ter of Jonas Gaar. She lived only a year after their marriage, and their only 
child died a few months later. In 1849 he joined his father-in-law, Mr. 
Gaar, together with the latter's two sons, Abram and John Milton, in the 
formation of the firm of A. Gaar & Company. They purchased the Hutton 
foundry and Mr. Scott became the first bookkeeper and one of the original 
promoters and leading spirits in the mammoth enterprise which is now con- 
ducted under the name of Gaar, Scott & Company. In 1870 the business 
was incorporated under the name now used, the officers being Abram Gaar, 
president; William G. Scott, secretary'; and J. M. Gaar, treasurer. These 
young men began business with very little capital, but a gradual and substan- 
tial growth has transformed the plant from its original proportions to one 
of the most extensive of the kind in the world. They were all practical 
mechanics and thus capable of directing the labors of others. Their force of 
workmen was increased from time to time in order to meet the growing 
demand of the trade, until at length several hundred names were on their pay- 
roll, and the boilers, engines, sawmills and threshing machines which are 
manufactured are sent into every state in the Union, besides into a number 
of foreign ports. The phenomenal growth and success of the enterprise was 
attributable in no small degree to the sagacity, energy and wise business 
policy of Mr. Scott, whose judgment in all business matters was most relia- 
ble. He served as secretary of the company until his death, and took an 
active part in the management of the extensive foundry business which has 
proved such an important factor in the upbuilding of Richmond. 

His labors, however, were not confined to one line of endeavor, but 
were an essential element in the prosperity of many other successful business 
concerns of the city. In 1872, when the Second National Bank of Richmond 
■was organized, he became vice-president, and filled that position until 1895, 



74 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

when he was elected president of the bank, acting in the latter capacity until 
his death. He was also president of the Wayne Agricultural Works, and 
whatever he undertook he carried forward to successful completion. He 
held a high position in business circles in the community for nearly fifty 
years, and his activity in that direction justly entitles him to be numbered 
among the founders of Richmond, for it is those who promote commercial 
and industrial activity who are the real builders of a place. 

Mr. Scott was a second time married about 1850, the lady of his choice 
being Miss Bets}' Rogers, by whom he had three children, viz. : Charles E. 
and Clara R., who are now deceased, and Helen L., wife of John B. Dougan, 
vice-president of the Second National Bank of Richmond, and one of the 
leading business men of Wayne county. The mother died in 1863, and in 
1864 Mr. Scott married Clara McCoy, daughter of Colonel W. F. Robie, of 
Plymouth, New Hampshire. She survives her husband and resides at Rich- 
mond. Mr. Scott was reared in the Presbyterian faith, but afterward 
became a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, with which he was con- 
nected until about 1862. He then returned to the Presbyterians and it was 
largely through his liberal donation that the house of worship belonging to 
the First Presbyterian church was built. He withheld his support from no 
philanthropic or benevolent movements or enterprises for the public good, 
aided in building all the churches in Richmond and labored earnestly for the 
betterment of mankind, realizing most fully that financial success, fame or 
high position count for naught unless supplemented by an upright, honorable 
character. He had a mind above all personal considerations, concerned with 
those large, loving interests belonging to humanity. H'e passed away Novem- 
ber 18, 1897, at the age of seventy-three years, but in the hearts of his 
friends are enshrined many pleasant memories of him, and his iniiuence for 
good remains with those who knew him. 

JOHN H. TYNER. 

An energetic and progressive farmer and honored citizen of Posey town- 
ship is John H. Tyner, who has spent his entire life in Fayette county, his 
birth occurring in Harrison township, October 3, 1821. His parents, John 
and Fanny (Martin) Tyner, were born, reared and married in South Corolina. 
The family was one of prominence in that state, its representatives being 
mostly planters. The paternal grandfather was killed in the Revolutionary 
war. Three of his sons, William, and John and James (twins), came to Indiana 
in 1 8 16 and located in Fayette county, where they entered land from the gov- 
ernment and improved farms. 

John Tyner, the father of our subject, entered three hundred and twenty 
acres in Harrison township, and from the wild land developed a fine farm, on 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 75- 

which he spent the remainder of his life. He was one of the most prominent 
and influential farmers and stock-raisers of his day, and in his undertakings 
met with well deserved success. He was broad-minded and liberal, public- 
spirited and enterprising, and was a genial and entertaining companion. By 
his ballot he supported the Democratic party. He always refused to become 
a candidate for office, though often solicited by his friends to accept that of 
county commissioner. He was an earnest and faithful member of the Primi- 
tive Baptist church, and served as deacon in the same. His wife's brothers 
were Stephen Martin, William Martin and George Martin; Stephen lived in 
Frankhn county, and William and George in Fayette county. Our subject 
is the youngest of a family of ten children, the others being Drury, who died 
in Wabash county, Indiana; Mrs. Serena Kolb; Nancy, wife of J. A. Cook; 
James, who died in Hancock county; Emily, wife of D. Gordon; Stephen, 
who died in Tipton county; Anna, wife of F. Taylor; Mehitable, who died 
young; Milton, who died in Harrison township, Fayette county. 

John H. Tyner, whose name introduces this sketch, passed his early life 
upon his father's farm, attending the subscription schools taught in an old 
log school-house for three months during the winter and assisting his father 
during the remainder of the year. The latter died when John H. was small, 
but he continued with his mother until she too was called to her final rest, 
and as soon as large enough he took charge of the homestead. In 1840 he 
was married, and about two years later the mother died, at which time the 
estate was amicably divided by the heirs. Soon afterward Mr. Tyner pur- 
chased eighty acres of heavily timbered land, and after erecting a cabin 
thereon he commenced to clear and improve the place, which required much 
hard labor. As his financial resources increased he bought more land, and 
now has a fine farm, whereon he has successfully engaged in general farming 
and stock-raising. 

Mr. Tyner was married in 1840 to Miss Mary Carver, a daughter of 
Lewis and Mehitable (Castiline) Carver, natives of New Jersey, where they 
were married. In 1822 they removed to Steuben county. New York, where 
the father engaged in farming for ten years, and then came to Fayette county, 
Indiana. Purchasing a farm near Bentonville, he engaged in agricultural 
pursuits here for several years, and on selling out moved to Madison county, 
where he purchased another farm, on a portion of which the town of Orestes 
now stands. There his death occurred. His occupation through life was 
farming, and he met with a fair degree of success. He was a strong Demo- 
crat and was well posted on the leading issues of the day. He wielded con- 
siderable influence in his party, but would never accept office. He was a 
loving husband and an indulgent father, and lived amicably with all men, 
never suing nor having been sued by any one. Both he and his estimable 



76 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

wife were faithful members of the Primitive Baptist church. To this worthy 
couple were born eleven children, namely: Mary, wife of our subject; 
Rebecca, wife of S. Wickston; Charlotte, who first married Thomas Stanley 
and second W. Willitts; Orin, a resident of Kansas; Rachel, wife of J. Harris; 
Sarah, who died when a young lady; Hulda; Calvin, a resident of Kansas; 
Lloyd, a railroad man; Zilla, wife of I. Ellis; and Byron, a farmer of Fayette 
county, Indiana. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tyner were living at their beautiful country home, in the 
full enjoyment of well spent lives, surrounded by a host of warm and admiring 
friends, when, on the ist day of October, 1899, Mrs. Tyner passed away in 
death. Religiously she held membership in the Primitive Baptist church, as 
does also her husband. Mr. Tyner is a leader in all social and political mat- 
ters of his township, and although a strong Democrat he votes at local elec- 
tions for the ones whom he considers the best men, regardless of party ties. 
He has been chosen to fill several positions of honor and trust, and for four- 
teen years served as township trustee, with credit to himself and to the per- 
fect satisfaction of his constituents. During that time he saved for the 
township considerable in the building of school-houses and on all public 
works. 

RfCHARD W. SIPE, M. D. 

For a period of thirty-five years the subject of this sketch, Dr. Richard 
W. Sipe, has been engaged in the practice of medicine at Fayetteville, Fay- 
ette county, Indiana, and his name is a household word in the homes of this 
community. His long identification with this place and his prominence here, 
entitle him to more than a passing notice in a work of this character, 
devoted as it is to a portrayal of the lives of representative men and women 
of the county. 

Richard W. Sipe was born in Jefferson county, Indiana, on his father's 
farm, April 8, 1840, son of William I. and Mary J. (Wasson) Sipe, and on 
the maternal side is of Scotch origin. Richard Wasson, his grandfather, was a 
Scotchman and was educated at Glasgow for the ministry of the Covenanter 
church. After coming to America he located in Pennsylvania, and because 
of his deep interest in the political matters of that state he was not allowed 
to preach there. Seeking a home further west, he came to the territory of 
Indiana and took up his abode in Jefferson county, where he was soon recog- 
nized as one of the leading spirits of the frontier community. He filled some 
prominent political positions. When the canal and locks were built at 
Louisville, he was a sub-contractor and did his part toward pushing along 
that enterprise. He had settled on a farm, and in connection with his farm- 
ing operations dealt in stock and produce, taking the same down the river to 
New Orleans to market. While on one of his marketing trips he was drowned. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 77 

His family consisted of six children, namely: John, Thomas, Samuel, Rich- 
ard, Mary J. and Eliza. Two of his sons died while in the service of their 
country during the civil war. William I. Sipe, the father of Doctor Sipe, was 
born in Jefferson county, Indiana, the son of William Sipe, who came from 
Ohio to Indiana in its territorial days and located in Jefferson county, where 
he reared his family. He was an unassuming farmer, honorable and upright 
in all his dealings. He died in Jefferson county. William Sipe had si.x chil- 
dren, in order of birth as follows: William I., Henry, David, Ann, Lizzie 
and Margaret. The old homestead of William Sipe is still owned by mem- 
bers of the family. William I. Sipe, like his father, passed his life in the 
quiet of farm pursuits, honest in all his dealings with his fellow men, and 
never seeking notoriety of any kind. He died in 1886, his wife having passed 
away the year previous. Both were members of the United Presbyterian 
church. Following is the record of their children: John, a wood-carver by 
trade, was killed in the battle of Stone river; Richard W. , whose name heads 
this sketch; Fred, a farmer and a veteran of the civil war; and Thomas and 
James, both also veterans of that war, the latter now engaged in farming. 

Richard W. Sipe was reared on his father's farm in Jefferson county and 
had the advantage of a good education. His early training was in the com- 
mon schools. He was one year in school at Louisville, Kentucky, and four 
years at Hanover College, and for two years he taught school, one year in 
Kentucky and one in Indiana. At the early age of seventeen he decided 
upon the medical profession for his life work, and at that time was for a 
while a student in the office of Doctor Morrison at Lexington, Indiana. 
Later he had Doctor Copeland, of Kent, Indiana, for instructor. In the 
winter of 1863-4 he attended lectures at the Ohio Medical College, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, returning to Kent and spending the following summer and fall in 
practice with Doctor Copeland. In November, 1864, he came to Fayette- 
ville, Fayette county, and opened an office, and he has remained here ever 
since, engaged in the practice of his profession, except the winter of 1872-3, 
when he took a course in the Indiana Medical College, at Indianapolis, of 
which he is a graduate. His long professional career has been attended with 
marked success. His promptness, his sympathetic nature and his generosity 
are well known factors in his make-up, and those who have known him 
longest esteem him most highly. 

Doctor Sipe is a Republican. He has always taken a deep interest in 
the political and public affairs of his locality, and while he has never sought 
official position, was elected township trustee, in which office he served 
four years. 

The Doctor is a man of family. He was married, in Jefferson county, 
to Miss Sarah A. Phillips, a native of that county, born November 8, 1844, 



78 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

daughter of William and Nancy (Herron) Phillips, who came from their 
native state, Kentucky, to this county at an early day. William Phillips died 
when Mrs. Sipe was quite young, and her widowed mother reared the family 
and lived to advanced age. Her death occurred in 1889. She was an active 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Her five children, in order of 
birth, were: David, Scott, Andrew, Mrs. Mary J. McCan and Mrs. Sarah 
A. Sipe. The three sons served in the civil war. Andrew, who was a 
prominent physician, is deceased. Doctor and Mrs. Sipe have had six chil- 
dren, viz.: William, a farmer; John, a physician of Carthage, Indiana; 
Clara, deceased wife of Robert Titsworth, left two children, John R. and 
Frank L. , who are being reared by their grandfather Sipe; Fred, a farmer; 
Florence, wife of Jesse B. Kennedy, a postal clerk, of Rush county, Indiana; 
and Richard, a student at home. Doctor and Mrs. Sipe are consistent 
members of the United Presbyterian church. 

COLONEL JOHN S. McGRAW. 

This gentleman may well be called a representative citizen of Rich- 
mond, Indiana, and also one of the most highly respected and esteemed. 
He is an ex-soldier of the war of the Rebellion and his bravery inspired his 
men to redoubled efforts and aided in no small way the cause for which he 
victoriously fought. He is a son of George and Rebecca (Bispham) Mc- 
Graw, and was born in Philadelphia on Frida}', July 13, 1827. His grand- 
father. Samel McGraw, was a sailor and died soon after the close of the 
Revolution, at Quarantine, Maryland. 

George McGraw, the father, was born in Trenton, New Jersey, in iSoo, 
and died in Philadelphia in 1835. He was a carpenter by trade and pursued 
that occupation all his life. His marriage to Rebecca Bispham resulted 
in the birth of five children, two sons and three daughters, two of whom, 
one son and one daughter, died in infancy. In 1836, after the death of the 
father, Mrs. McGraw and her three children moved to Richmond, where the 
mother died, February 13, 1885. Of the sisters, Mary resides in Richmond, 
and Mrs. Rebecca Morrison died in 1857. 

John S. McGraw received his education in the schools of Philadelphia 
and Richmond. He was but a little more than seven years of age at the 
time of his father's death, and was obliged to curtail his school days in order 
to earn a living, but he had a taste for reading which enabled him to lay up 
a store of information at once comprehensive and useful. As a boy he 
worked at carpentering, and in 1843 began general blacksmithing for George 
McCullough, of Richmond, and this occupation he followed for almost fifty 
years, until 1889, when he retired from active business. He was superin- 
tendent of the Richmond Plow Works, and carried on carriage-repairing for 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 79 

some time; also at one time had a shoe store, which was under the manage- 
ment of his wife for five or six years. His wife was Miss Mary A. Jukes, to 
whom he was married in Cincinnati, on October 25, 1848. Four children 
were born to them of whom but two are living, viz.: Rebecca A., wife of 
Benjamin Mann, a member of the firm of William Mann & Company, of 
Philadelphia; and Ida M., wife of Charles W. Morgan, assistant manager 
of I. R. Howard & Company, wholesale grocers of Richmond. Colonel 
McGraw is a Republican, and was twice a candidate for sheriff and served 
as chief of police for a short time after the war, and resigned. He has been 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows since 1859, and is past 
grand in White Water Lodge, No. 41, and Oriental Encampment, both of 
Richmond. He is also a member of the grand lodge of Indiana. 

In 1 86 1 Colonel McGraw was commissioned by Governor Morton as 
captain of the Fifty-seventh Indiana Infantry, which enlisted in November of 
that year, and his gallant service won him steady promotion. On July 28, 
1863, he received the rank of major; the 15th of the following May he was 
promoted lieutenant-colonel; and one year later to the rank of colonel. He 
participated in many severe battles, and was in every engagement fought by 
the Army of the Cumberland, always at the front, where he encouraged and 
cheered his men to greater endeavors by his own undaunted conduct. While 
leading his men in a bold charge on the breastworks at Mission Ridge, 
Georgia, he received an ugly gunshot wound, which came near ending his 
career. He wore a broad-brimmed hat, through which the ball passed, 
striking him in the center of the forehead and passing to the left temple, 
taking with it a portion of his skull, three-fourths of an inch in width and 
two and a- half inches in length. This unfortunate occurrence disabled him 
for about fifty days, when he once more joined his command. He took part 
in the battle of Shiloh, the encounters at Stone River and Chickamauga, and 
then joined Sherman in his grand march to the sea. After the capture of 
Atlanta he was with those sent to watch General Hood. The two forces came 
together at Spring Hill and Franklin, which collision resulted in the entire 
routing of Hood's army at Nashville, in August, 1864. They then started 
for Richmond, Virginia, going through West Virginia, when Lee surrendered 
and put an end to the war. He was sent with his command to Te.xas, where 
he was mustered out December 14, 1865. He brought his command to 
Indianapolis and disbanded January 8 following. 

The Colonel is an amiable, pleasant gentleman, with whom it is a privi- 
lege and an enjoyment to converse, as his life has been filled with rich experi- 
ences, which he relates in an unassuming and highly interesting manner. He 
is a well-known person in Richmond and vicinity, and enjoys a wide popu- 
larity. 



80 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



N. F. PIERCE, M. D. 

Fayette county, Indiana, has its full quota of skilled physicians and sur- 
geons, and among them may be noted the subject of this review, N. F. 
Pierce, of Harrisburg. 

Dr. Pierce is a Kentuckian by birth. He was ushered into life in Mor- 
gan county, Kentucky, November 23, 1852, son of William S. and Sarah W. 
Pierce. William S. Pierce was a native of Bourbon county, that state, and 
was among its prominent citizens, filling numerous positions of trust and 
responsibility, including that of member of the state legislature, during which 
service he secured the passage of the bill that brought into existence Menifee 
county. He served as county judge, was for eight years circuit clerk, and 
for twelve years was master commissioner of the circuit court of Menifee 
county, being the incumbent of this last named position at the time of his 
death. He was in both the Mexican and civil wars. In the former he was 
commissioned captain and in the latter he held commissions as major and 
colonel. After a useful and interesting career he passed away at his home in 
Kentucky. His wife survived him until 1896. She was a daughter of 
Thomas D. and Martha (Wells) Perry. Mr. Perry was a farmer and slave- 
holder of Kentucky and carried on extensive operations there. At the time 
of her marriage to Mr. Pierce she was the widow of Mr. Gooch, and had one 
child by him, Martha A. Gooch, who was reared by Mr. Pierce, and who 
became the wife of Dr. F. M. Carter, of Kentucky. William S. Pierce and 
his wife were consistent members of the Christian church. Their children, 
in order of birth, were as follows: Barbara E., deceased, was twice married, 
first to Joseph Johnson, and after his death to Henry K. Armitage; N. F. , 
whose name introduces this sketch; James W., deceased; Sarah E., deceased; 
and Rachel F., who was twice married, first to Isaac McGuire, and after his 
death to R. J. White, editor of the Agitator, at Frenchburg, Kentucky. 

Dr. N. F. Pierce was reared on his father's farm and received his early 
training in the common schools. He took a commercial course in the South- 
ern Business College, at Louisville, Kentucky, and studied law and was 
admitted to the bar. He was, however, not suited with the practice of law 
for his life's work, and abandoned it for the medical profession. He began 
his medical studies in the office of Dr. J. M. Cash, of Hazel Green, Kentucky, 
and later had Dr. Carter of Mount Sterling, Kentucky, for his instructor. 
During the winter of 1882-3 he attended lectures at the Louisville Medical 
College. Afterward he attended lectures at the Kentucky School of Medicine, 
and took a post-graduate course in the American Medical College of Cincin- 
nati, of which last-named institution he was for four years demonstrator of 
anatomy. He had an extensive practice before his graduation, which was 



. BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 81 

not until 1889, and after that he returned to Mount Sterling, where he 
continued practice until March, 1899. At that time he came to Fayette 
county, Indiana, and purchased what was the Eliza Florea property, 
and here he established himself in practice and expects to remain per- 
manently. During his professional careeV in Kentucky he was for ten 
years physician-in-chief of the county infirmary and for some time was a 
member of the Board of United States Medical Examiners. He was sec- 
retary of the local board of health and of the state board of health, and was 
a member of the Montgomery County Medical Society. He takes a pride in 
keeping himself up-to-date in all matters pertaining to his profession, and 
that he has chosen Harrisburg for his place of abode is reason why the people 
of this place should congratulate themselves. 

Dr. Pierce was first married in 1873 to Miss Cordelia Cassity, a member 
of a prominent Kentucky family, her parents being Shelton and Caroline 
(Casky) Cassity. Shelton Cassity was a son of Reuben Cassity and son-in- 
law of Robert Casky, the last named being a native of Germany, who emi- 
grated to this country in early life and settled in Kentucky, where he was a 
farmer and miller and owned a large number of slaves. Shelton Cassity, a 
blacksmith and wagonmaker, did an extensive business; he was born and 
lived and died in Kentucky. His widow is still living. Their children are: 
Mary J.; Mrs. Martha Cooper; Alice, wife of Albert Wills; and Cordelia, who 
was the wife of Dr. Pierce. The parents and all the children identified 
themselves with the Christian church. By this marriage Dr. Pierce had two 
children, namely: Blanch, wife of A. L. Adams, an attorney-at-law, French- 
burg, Kentucky; and Herman, who is connected with a furniture factory at 
Connersville. Mrs. Cordelia Pierce died in 1S77. In 1879 the Doctor mar- 
ried for his second wife Miss Mary Myers, a graduate of medicine and a 
woman of much culture. Previously to taking up the study of medicine she 
was for some time engaged in teaching. She was born in Kentucky August 
16, 1856, daughter of John H. and Julia A. (Greenwade) Myers, both natives 
of that state. Her grandfather, John Myers, was one of the pioneer settlers 
of Kentucky, where he owned a large tract of land and a number of slaves. 
He was of German descent. Mrs. Pierce was the second born in a family of 
eight children, the others being as follows: Sarah, wife of W. B. Howard; 
John, a resident of Kentucky; Ellen, wife of I. W. Horton; J. C, a farmer 
of Fayette county, Indiana; Mordecai, o( Kentucky; Anna, wife of C. Hazle- 
rigg; and Nannie, at home. Mr. and Mrs. Myers and fiimily are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. By his present wife Dr. Pierce has one 
son, Ray H., born August 27, 1887. 

Dr. Pierce is associated with numerous fraternal organizations. He is a 
member of the F. cS: A. M., I. O. O. F., K. of P. and I. O. R. M. In the 



82 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Masonic lodge he has filled all the chairs except that of worshipful master; is 
noble grand elect of the I. O. O. F. ; and is past chancellor in the K. of P. 
and Sir Knight in the uniform rank of that order. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Christian church at Harrisburg and are active workers in the Sun- 
day-school. 

GENERAL JONATHAN McCARTY. 

General McCarty was born in Virginia, August 3, 1795, reared on his 
father's farm in Franklin county, Indiana, within sight of the village of 
Brookville and on the banks of Whitewater river, and in the little log school- 
house of that place he received his education. For a time he assisted his 
brother in the duties of the clerk's office, at intervals reading law, without 
the assistance of a living teacher, and at length he was licensed to practice 
at the bar. He was soon elected to the legislature from Franklin county, 
and as a member of that body he procured the passage of a law creating the 
county of Fayette. 

Soon afterward he removed to the new county, settling at the county 
seat, Connersville, where he was the first clerk of the courts and also per- 
formed other duties in county offices, ex officio, serving until 1828. The next 
■year he was appointed receiver of public moneys in the land office at Fort 
Wayne, Indiana, and in 1830 he moved his family there. In 1828 he ran for 
congress on the Democratic ticket, but was defeated by Judge John Test, of 
Brookville, a National Republican. In 1 83 1 he was elected to congress from his 
district, defeating his former competitors. Judge Test and Oliver H. Smith, 
in a heated canvass. He served his district from 1831 to 1837, and in 1848 
or '49 removed to Keokuk, Iowa, where he died about 1852, and where now 
rest his remains. He was a man of limited scholastic training, but possessed 
great natural powers. He was one of the most talented men of Indiana, a 
iorceful and eloquent speaker. 

GEORGE HILL. 

•One of the early residents of Richmond, Wayne county, was George 
Hill, whose death occurred in this town, August 21, 1882. With the excep- 
tion of a period of perhaps a dozen years, when he was engaged in farming in 
Madison county, he was actively associated with the development of this 
region during his entire life, and no one was more thoroughly interested in 
■everything which pertained to the progress of the community in which he 
•dwelt. His life was strictly honorable, upright and just, being in accord 
■with the highest principles of human conduct, and, as far as known, he 
had not an enemy in the world. Kindly and obliging in disposition, he 
always strove to do good to those with whom he had dealings, and many a 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 83 

•poor and needy one whom he assisted in his quiet, unostentatious way still 
Temembers him with affection which time does not dim. 

Robert Hill, father of George Hill, was a native of Guilford county, 
North Carolina, and a son of William Hill, of that state. In 1801 Robert 
Hill settled in Hamilton county, Ohio, near the present city limits of Cincin- 
nati, and engaged in his accustomed calling, agriculture. At the end of five 
•years he removed to what is now Richmond, but then a vast forest, and 
took up a quarter-section of land from the government. This property, now 
owned by Augustus C. Scott (son of Andrew F. Scott), is two and a half 
miles east of the present city limits of Richmond. There were but very few 
families living here in the wilderness when he came here, but gradually the 
on-coming wave of immigration drifted families here by the scores and civil- 
ization became an assured fact in the back-woods of Indiana. In 1831, hav- 
ing previously cleared and cultivated his farm for many years, he retired and 
conducted a gristmill in Richmond for a few years, where the Starr Piano 
Works now are located. In his younger days he dealt extensively in live 
•stock and drove cattle and hogs to Cincinnati, where he disposed of them. 
He was retired for many years before his death, in August, 1850. He died 
on the old homestead in the same house that had sheltered him for many 
years, his son-in-law, Benjamin Stratton, then having charge of the place. 
Religiously he was a member of the Society of Friends, and was actively 
engaged in church work, always faithfully attending the meetings. In poli- 
tics, he was a Whig. For his wife he chose Susanna Morgan, of North Car- 
olina, and ten children were born to them. Only three of the number sur- 
vive, namely: Mrs. Elizabeth Shute, of Richmond; Charles, who was a 
farmer and teamster but is now retired and a resident of Richmond; and Rob- 
ert, a farmer of Willow Branch, Hancock county, Indiana. Those who 
have passed to the better land are Martha, William, Benjamin, Samuel, Mrs. 
Mary Parry, Mrs. Penninah Shaw and George. 

The birth of George Hill occurred in Richmond, November 7, 1825, and 
in the private and public schools of this place he received his education. 
When he arrived at his majority he took charge of a farm on the Williams- 
burg turnpike, three miles north of Richmond, it consisting of eighty acres. 
After several years he removed to Madison county, and was there occupied 
in agricultural pursuits for twelve or thirteen years. As a business man he 
was practical and progressive, making a success of nearly everything which 
he undertook. Reared in the Society of Friends, he continued to be active 
in that organization as long as he lived, and held various official positions in 
the local church. 

March 30, 1853, Mr. Hill married Miss Tacy B. Hibberd, a daughter of 
Benjamin and Charity (Beeson) Hibberd. Mrs. Hill is a native of Rich- 



84 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

mond and has spent nearly her whole life here. Four children were born to- 
herself and husband: one is deceased, and the others are Alice J. , wife of 
George R. Dilks, of Spring Grove (see his sketch printed on another page of 
this work); Theodore H., a member of the firm of Louck & Hill, lumber 
manufacturers and contractors of this place; and Annie E. , wife of T. J. 
Ferguson, of Richmond. The father of Mrs. Hill was born in Carroll county, 
Maryland, but came to Richmond in 1825, and was soon numbered among 
our most enterprising citizens. Before coming here he had been engaged in 
the manufacture of woolen goods in Maryland and in Virginia, and soon after 
reaching Richmond he bought thirty acres of land and founded the Fleecy 
Dale Woolen Factory, the site of the works being where Sixteenth street 
now is. He conducted the factory very successfully for a number of years, 
and later rented the premises. For a score or more of years prior to his 
death he was practically retired, but to the last maintained his deep interest 
in the world's progress and was an earnest student and thinker. For years 
an elder in the Society of Friends, he was always present at meeting and 
used his influence and means in the support of the church. His children 
were three in number, — Jane, Alice and Tacy. Jane died in 1894 and Alice 
twenty years previously, and thus Mrs. Hill is the only survivor of the family. 
Her loved and honored father passed to his reward in 1864, aged seventy- 
seven years. 

CHARLES H. BURCHENAL. 

One of the most distinguished jurists that -ever practiced at the bar of 
Richmond was Charles H. Burchenal. The following sketch is taken largely 
from a memorial published at the time of his death and is a well merited 
tribute to the abilty of this honored man. 

The only son of Jeremiah and Mary E. (Cockayne) Burchenal, he was 
born at Greensboro, Caroline county, Maryland, on the 18th of September, 
1830. His remote ancestors, of French origin, came from the neighbor- 
hood of Caen, in Normandy. At the time of William the Conqueror, some 
members of the family settled in England, where they remained and kept 
up the name for many generations. One or more of them came to America 
with Lord Baltimore's first colony and settled on the eastern shore of Mary- 
land. Mr. Burchenal's branch of this family is descended from Jeremiah 
Burchenal, a planter of Kent county, Maryland, where some of the family 
still reside. He was born in 1700. 

When Charles H. Burchenal was still a child, his parents removed to 
Zanesville, Ohio, where his mother died in 1836. His father was engaged in 
business in that place until 1838, when, while visiting his old home near Bal- 
timore, Maryland, he too died, and the boy was brought by his grandmother, 
a member of the Society of Friends, to Wayne county, Indiana. At her 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 85 

death, four years later, Mr. Burchenal went to live with Achilles Williams, 
with whom he remained eight years. In 1844 Mr. Williams was elected 
treasurer of Wayne county and removed from Richmond to Centerville, 
which was then the county seat. While he lived in Richmond Mr. Burche- 
nal attended the common schools of that city, and after his removal to Cen- 
terville became a pupil in the county seminary. In 1847 he was appointed 
clerk in the office of the county treasurer, a place which he held until 1850. 

He was a boy of extraordinary promise, bright, quick and clear-headed, 
but very fond of fun and "mischief." Early in 1850 he entered the law 
office of Newman & Sidall, and he was allowed to sit within the enclosure of 
the court-room reserved for lawyers, a privilege from which the general public 
was excluded. Mr. Newman, then the leader of the Wayne county bar, 
greatly aided the ambitious pupil, and two years later the young man was 
admitted to the bar. Although the new constitution of Indiana, adopted in 
185 1, provided that any citizen of full age and good character should be 
allowed to practice law with no further qualification, Mr. Burchenal was 
unwilling to enter the profession upon such terms, but voluntarily submitted 
to an examination by a committee appointed by the lawyers of the county, 
an examination which he passed with credit. 

The best legal talent in Indiana was then collected in the little town of 
Centerville, and, thrown into contact with such men as Oliver P. Morton, 
George W. Julian, Nimrod H. Johnson, etc., he was stimulated to put forth 
his best efforts. During the early years of his professional career he became 
a member of the " Dark Lyceum," a debating society of Centerville, the pur- 
pose of which was to improve the members in extemporaneous debate. Its 
sessions were held in the dark, so that they might speak and gesticulate with 
greater freedom. Mr. Burchenal was prominent in this order. Sometimes 
the members were tried in solemn form for misbehavior. Judge Kibbey, for 
instance, was indicted for marrying without the consent of the lyceum. He 
had violated the following by-law: "Members are absolutely prohibited 
from engaging in any matrimonial alliance without first obtaining the appro- 
bation and consent of the lyceum, and having granted unto them a marriage 
dispensation in due form, under the signature of the prelate and seal of the 
lyceum. Any member convicted of wilfully violating the provisions of this 
by-law shall be ignominiously expelled, his books confiscated and his mar- 
riage declared utterly null and void." Mr. Burchenal was the " prelate " of 
the organization at the time and defended his friend, who was acquitted 
because the " prelate "_himself, who had been duly notified, had forgotten to 
inform the lodge. Many are the reminiscences of the forensic triumphs in the 
Dark Lyceum. The Monroe doctrine, the Wilmot proviso, the Kansas- 
Nebraska bill, Kossuth and Hungary and other great problems were disposed 



86 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

of by its invisible oratory, and tlie practice and experience thus gained 
proved of no little benefit to its members, especially to the representatives of 
the bar. 

After his admission to the bar Mr. Burchenal advanced rapidly in the 
profession. In 1854 he was elected district attorney of the common-pleas 
court of Wayne county and served for two years. He never held any other 
office. In 1861 he moved from Centerville to Richmond and entered into 
partnership with William A. Bickle, afterward judge of the superior court, a 
connection which lasted until September, 1864. After this he practiced alone 
for many years. In 1885 he formed a partnership with John L. Rupe, which 
continued until August, 1895, a short time before his death. His e.xtra- 
ordinary ability brought him at an early day to the front rank in his profes- 
sion. He was for many years the leader of the bar, being engaged on one 
side or the other of nearly every important case^ and his practice was the 
largest and most lucrative in the county. But, although he had the utmost 
regard for his professional reputation, he cared little for money. He was 
not a good collector of the debts which were due to himself, and saved but 
little from his income. In knowledge of the general principles of law, in 
skill in pleading and readiness in practice he had no superior in Indiana. He 
was never so dangerous as after he had been apparently overthrown. He 
always landed upon his feet. One of his associates said: "I remember two 
cases in which he had been defeated in the trial court, and again in the 
supreme court. There seemed to be no possibility of success, and yet, by a 
masterly argument, he secured in each case a re-hearing from the same 
judges who had decided against him. Then followed a reversal of each case, 
and favorable settlement in the court below." Mr. Burchenal was not, how- 
ever, fond of compromising his cases. He generally fought to a finish. 
Although physically weak and apparently exhausted during a long trial, he 
would often test to the utmost the endurance of his adversary. " I remem- 
ber well," said one who opposed him, " the case of Horney versus Patterson. 
We had been several months in making up the issues. Finally the case 
came on for trial, and we worked on it night and day. We were both com- 
pletely worn out, but neither of us would give up until finally Judge Col- 
grove, who tried the case, became ill and could proceed no further. Then 
we continued the suit until the following fall, and went to Europe together 
to recuperate, after which we came back and fought it out ! " 

Mr. Burchenal never entertained personal animosity toward those whom 
he opposed in litigation. His professional antagonists were his warmest per- 
sonal friends. He was a consummate master of the art of pleading. He never 
betrayed the slightest sign of weakness to an adversary, although in confer- 
ence with his own clients and those who were associated with him he gave 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 87 

due weight to the advantages of his antagonists. It was often wonderful to 
his associates to hear him unfold in consultation, one line of defense after 
another, things which had been entirely overlooked by others, but which pre- 
sented an impenetrable barrier to the prosecution. He was not naturally a 
fluent speaker; he did not cultivate the graces of oratory; he never sought to 
impose upon a jury by the thundering tones and artificial impressiveness by 
which many lawyers of second-rate ability seek to win success; there were 
few figures of speech; but all the points in the case were clearly and exhaust- 
ively stated in a manner which appealed mainly to the reason and very little 
to the prejudices of his hearers. 

In the adjuncts of his practice, in a knowledge of medical jurisprudence, 
of handwriting, of bookkeeping and of business methods, his information was 
extensive and accurate. 

One of his most marked characteristics was his love of nature. He 
enjoyed nothing more than long rides, drives or walks with his family and inti- 
mate friends. During the summer months, when he was at home, Sunday 
afternoons were spent by the family in driving through the beautiful country 
surrounding Richmond, and, toward evening, picnicking at some favorite spot; 
and there were many such places, each one having a particular name invented 
by the children. His literary and intellectual resources were inexhaustible. 
He had continually some allusion, some story, some quotation from every 
field of literature and from actual life, opposite to the question under dis- 
cussion. 

He read and enjoyed all that was best in modern fiction. Tolstoi 
especially attracted him, not only by his wonderful powers of description and 
his deep knowledge of human nature, but also by his remarkable religious 
and social views. Mr. Burchenal was especially impressed by the doctrine 
of non-resistance as developed by the Russian author, although not satisfied 
that it would apply to present conditions. He insisted that Tolstoi's ideas 
of self-sacrifice and non-resistance to evil represented something toward 
which humanity should constantly strive. He was also an admirer of the 
works of the Polish novelist, Sienkewicz, discovering in them a virility of 
thought and power of description beyond that of most contemporary literature. 
He also read and admired Balzac, whose power of portraiture he fully 
appreciated. He insisted that of all men he had seen and known, 
Robert G. Ingersoll and his own townsman, Oliver P. Morton, had most 
impressed him by the personal magnetism which they exercised over those 
around them. Early in life Mr. Burchenal joined the Episcopal church, and 
retained his membership, always enjoying the service and mode of worship. 
His belief, however, was far from orthodox. His natural interest in religious 
topics, and especially those of a more spiritual nature, led him to a close 



88 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

study of the works of Emanuel Swedenborg, and his religious belief was 
largely founded upon them. 

In politics Mr. Burchenal was originally a Whig, having cast his first 
vote for General Scott in 1852. When the Republican party was formed he 
attached himself to that organization and continued firm in his adherence of 
it until his death. He was stalwart in his Republicanism, and had little con- 
fidence in any reform to be accomplished by destroying or weakening the 
party which had saved the Union, overthrown slavery and established 
universal suffrage. 

In i860 M^. Burchenal married Miss Ellen Jackson, who died in 1863, 
leaving one son, John. In 1871, in Baltimore, he married Miss Mary E. Day, 
by whom he had three daughters, Ruth, Elizabeth and Emma, and two sons, 
Carlos and Selden. Mr. Burchenal was the most hospitable of men. His 
house and heart were always open to his friends. Even during the extreme 
suffering of his last days, no one could visit him but he would make some 
faint effort to renew the old times of jovial companionship. 'He died Decem- 
ber, 1896, after a long and painful illness. The tributes paid to his memory 
in the letters written to his widow, and in the memorial and speeches made 
at the b.ir meeting on the occasion of his death, were not the mere customary 
tributes to the memory of the dead; they were the heartfelt expressions of a 
genuine conviction of his great ability as a lawyer and worth as a man. 
E. B. ^:artin, who had known him for years, said : " His singular refinement, 
generosity and sincerity of nature, his breadth and variety in sympathy and 
acquirements, and his strength and delicacy of apprehension, added to his 
warmth and faithfulness in friendship, made him a man among ten thousand ; " 
while General Benjamin Harrison said, " He added to fine intellectual powers 
a high sense of personal and professional honor. " At the bar meeting Judge 
Comstock thus appropriately summed up his qualities : " Any true estimate 
of Lis character must credit him with marked individuality. He never 
copied any one. He was very quick to see the imitation. He was a 
law unto himself. He was independent and self-reliant. In his judgment of 
men he was indulgent. He was a modest man. He never obtruded himself 
either in social, public or professional life. The success of others never gave 
him pain. He was free from the base passion of envy. He did not attempt 
to exalt himself by the disparagement of a brother. He performed his duties 
in life fearlessly and honestly, without expectation of applause. He was 
absolutely free from fraud or sham. There has not been at this bar any one 
of his fine mental fibre, nor of his learning in law, history and general liter- 
ature. I have heard members of the bar say that they had more confidence 
in his first impressions upon a legal proposition than in the mature judgment 
of most lawyers. He was not, in the popular sense, a great advocate, but 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 89 

his thorough familiarity with the principles of the law, and the precedents in 
the decisions of our highest courts, and his own fertility and coolness, which 
never forsook him, made him always formidable. He was a versatile man. 
He might have succeeded in literature and art. He had the taste and 
touch of a true artist, and knew more of painting and music than many 
professionals." 

He was a self educated man, yet so e.Ktensive and thorough was his 
reading that there was no branch of literature which he left unexplored. He 
was a great lover of poetry and the drama. He wrote verses of no mean 
ability, but he never disclosed this fact except to his intimate friends. Among 
his papers the following stanza was • found, added to Tennyson's poem, 
" Crossing the Bar:" 

" Dawn and the morning light 
That shines above the deep, 
And there will be rare visions of delight 

When I awake from sleep. 
. What though through dark and gloom my bark shall sail 
On its strange quest, 
So in the morning I the goal may hail 
The islands of the blest." 

JOHN H. SHORT. 

This well and favorably known citizen of Boston, Wayne county, is now 
living retired from the active duties and cares of life, enjoying the fruits of 
his years of toil in the past. About four years ago he gave up the manage- 
ment of his farm, which is located in the suburbs of Boston, a portion of the 
place having been cut up into town lots, indeed, and since then his eldest son 
has carried on the homestead. Though born and reared in the south, Mr. 
Short was not in sympathy with the Rebellion, and in April, 1864, he enlisted 
in the one-hundred-days service in Company A, One Hundred and Thirty- 
third Indiana Infantry, under Captain William R. Mount. He was stationed 
chiefly at Bridgeport, Alabama, and employed in doing guard duty, until his 
time was up, when he was mustered out in Indianapolis. 

Born near Greensboro, Guilford county, North Carolina, July 25, 1834, 
a son of Alfred and Hannah Short, our subject was left an orphan at the age 
of fourteen, at which time his father died, while death had bereaved him of 
a mother's love and care some four years before. With his sister and five 
brothers John H. grew to manhood in his native state, and there they all 
•continued to live, with the exception of himself! They stayed on the old 
farm until the marriage of the eldest brother. John H. is now the only sur- 
vivor of the family, besides one other brother, Alonzio Short, who is now in 
the south. 

When he was sixteen years old John H. Short started out to make his 



90 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

own way independently. Going to Rockingham, Virginia, he found employ- 
ment as a traveling salesman for a tobacco manufacturer. His business was 
to take a well equipped wagon and travel from one town and plantation to 
another, selling tobacco, of which he had a full supply in all grades and 
prices, and, as was customary in those days in the south, he followed the 
courts, which convened at the various county seats. Thus employed, two 
years rapidly rolled away, and we next find him at school again, in James- 
town, North Carolina, for he felt the need of better educational training by 
this time. Afterward he was employed with a railroad engineering force, in 
the testing of the ground for grades in a line laid out by railroad surveyors. 

On the 1st of May, 1857, Mr. Short arrived in Richmond, Indiana, on 
his way to Kansas, in company with a friend and former schoolmate. \\'ith 
not the slightest intention of remaining here, Mr. Short concluded to stay 
over until the following Monday, in order to visit with George Irwin, an old 
friend whom he fortunately met here. For several reasons, and because he 
liked the looks of the country hereabouts, he stayed and found employment 
at cutting wood and in manufacturing brick. He helped manufacture much 
of the brick that went into the houses of Joel Railsback, near Chester, Daniel 
Brower, near Boston, and John D. Josheawaj', of Abington. The next winter 
he took a contract for cutting one hundred cords of wood and the following 
year he went to Illinois and worked in a brickyard at Bloomington for one 
season. The succeeding winter he again cut wood and the next three years 
he was employed on the farm of Benjamin Brown, of Boston township. He 
also worked for J. M. Bulla, James Hart and others, some across the line in 
Union county. 

October 4, 1863, Mr. Short married Margaret Conley, who was then liv- 
ing with her aunt, Mrs. Judith Grimes, lately deceased, and then a resident 
of Wayne township. Mrs. Short was a daughter of John J. Conley, formerly 
proprietor of large nurseries and greenhouses in Richmond, and later the 
owner of the farm which is now the property of our subject and wife. For 
one year Mr. Short rented a farm of John Ropers, and subsequently leased 
land of George Davidson. In 1866 he took charge of the toll-gate on the 
Boston pike, a mile south of Richmond, and continued to occupy that posi- 
tion for nearly thirteen years, after which he bought his present farm, the 
old Conley estate. One of the noticeable features of the homestead is the 
splendid orchard, one of the best in the county, and the fine stately rows of 
pine trees which adorn the landscape. Oran, the eldest son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Short, is an energetic young farmer and is caring for the farm with 
ability. He built a neat, modern farm house on the turnpike a few years ago 
and there he and his cheerful, thrifty wife, formerly Minnie Millott, dwell in 
comfort. Louie, the only living daughter of our subject, is the wife of 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



91 



Douglas Druley, and mother of Hattie, Maggie, Eva, John and Ernest. 
Mattie, youngest daughter of Mr. Short, died at the age of ten years, three 
months and twenty-three days; and Albert and Walter are at home. Mr. 
and Mrs. Short are consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and in politics Mr. Short is a Republican. 

Four brothers of Mr. Short were Union soldiers in the civil war, — Jasper 
N., Winster M., Alonzio P. and Albert. Alonzio P. rendered service for four 
long years in a cavalry regiment, and yet was never wounded. He and the 
subject of the foregoing sketch are the only sons now living. 

OLIVER P. MORTON. 

One of the "war governors" of the nation was Oliver Perry Morton, of 
Indiana. At the period when the country was in the throes of civil war, 
upon the chief executives of the states rested a responsibility second only to 
that of the president. The course of the governor at this crisis largely 
shaped the conduct of his people, and his 
unswerving allegiance and determined loy- 
alty, or his strong opposition to the Union, 
were either greatly instrumental in securing 
^ggf ^^^^^ ^^^ support of the commonwealth for the 

r JhBc ,jgg j^^^^Kk national government or in causing the de- 
r * ll^^" '^^ ^^^^^B velopment of secessionist principles. No 
i "^^ J^^^^^^H governor throughout the entire country 

manifested greater patriotism or fidelity to 
the cause of liberty and union, or more 
courageously upheld the hands of the presi- 
dent, than Oliver Perry Morton, and under 
his guidance Indiana won as a loyal state 
honors exceeded by none of her sister states. 
Mr. Morton was born in Saulsbury, 
Wayne county, Indiana, August 4, 1823, 
and died in Indianapolis, Indiana, on the ist of November. 1877. His 
father, a native of New Jersey, whose ancestors came from England with 
Roger Williams, dropped the first syllable in the family name of Throck- 
morton. At the age of fifteen the son was taken from school and indentured 
to a brother who was a hatter. After working at his trade for four years he 
determined to fit himself for the bar, spending two years in Miami Universit}^ 
and studying law in Centerviile, where he began practice in 1847. He soon 
attained professional eminence, and was elected a circuit judge in 1852, but 
at the end of a year, when his term expired by the adoption of a new state 
constitution, he willingly left the bench, and before resuming practice spent 




92 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

a year in a law school in Cincinnati. Having been a Democrat with anti- 
slavery convictions, he entered into the people's movement in 1854, took an 
active part in the formation of the Republican party, and was a delegate to 
the Pittsburg convention the same year, and the candidate of the new party 
for governor. In a joint canvass with Ashbel P. Willard, the Democratic 
nominee, he established a reputation for political ability, but was beaten at 
the polls and returned to his law practice. 

In i860 Mr. Morton was nominated for lieutenant-governor on the ticket 
with Henry S. Lane, and during the canvass took strong ground in favor of 
exacting from the southern states obedience to the constitution. Upon con- 
vening, the legislature elected Governor Lane to the United States senate, 
and on the i6th of January, 1861, Mr. Morton took the oath as governor. 
He opposed every compromise with the secessionist party, nominated to the 
peace congress men of equally pronounced views, began to prepare for the 
coming conflict before Fort Sumter was fired upon, and when President Lin- 
coln called for seventy-five thousand volunteers he offered to send ten thou- 
sand from Indiana. The state's quota was raised at once. He reconvened 
the legislature on the 24th of April, obtained authority to borrow two million 
dollars, and displayed great energy and ability in placing troops in the field 
and providing for their care and sustenance. He gave permission to citizens 
of Indiana to raise troops in Kentucky, allowed Kentucky regiments to be 
recruited from the population of two of the southern counties, procured arms 
for the volunteer bodies enlisted for the defense of Kentucky, and by thus 
co-operating with the Union men in that state did much toward establishing 
the ascendancy of the national government within its borders. When the 
■question of the abolition of slavery arose, the popular majority no longer 
upheld the governor in his support of the national administration. 

In 1862 a Democratic legislature was chosen, which refused to receive 
the governor's message, and was on the point of taking from him the com- 
mand of the militia, when the Republican members withdrew, leaving the 
house without a quorum. In order to carry on the state government and 
pay the state bonds. Governor Morton obtained advances from banks and 
county boards, and appointed a bureau of finance, which, from April, 1863, 
until January, 1865, made all disbursements of the state, amounting to more 
than one million dollars. During this period he refused to summon the legis- 
lature. The supreme court condemned this arbitrary course, but the people 
subsequently applauded his action, and the state assumed the obligations he 
incurred. The draft laws provoked the secessionists in Indiana to form 
secret organizations and commit outrages on Union men. They plotted 
against the life of Governor Morton and arranged a general insurrection, to 
take place in August, 1864. The Governor discovered their plans and 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 93 

arrested the leaders of the Knights of the Golden Circle, or Sons of Liberty, 
as the association was called. 

In 1864 Mr. Morton was nominated for governor, and defeated Joseph 
E. McDonald by twenty thousand eight hundred and eighty-three votes, after 
an animated joint canvass. He resigned in January, 1867, to take his seat 
in the United States senate, to which he was re-elected in 1873. In the 
senate he was chairman of the committee on privileges and elections and the 
leader of the Republicans, and for several years he exercised a determining 
influence over the political course of the party. On the question of recon- 
struction he supported the severest measures toward the southern states and 
their citizens. He labored zealously to secure the passage of the fifteenth 
amendment to the constitution, was active in the impeachment proceedings 
against President Johnson, and was the trusted adviser of the Republicans of 
the south. After supporting the Santo Domingo treaty he was offered the 
English mission by President Grant, but declined, lest his state should send 
a Democrat to succeed him in the senate. At the Republican national con- 
vention in 1876 Mr. Morton, in the earlier ballots, received next to the 
highest number of votes for the presidential nomination. He was a member 
of the electoral commission of 1877. After a paralytic stroke, in 1865, he 
was never again able to stand without support, yet there was no abatement 
in his power as a debater or in the effectiveness of his forcible popular ora- 
tory. Immediately after his return from Europe, whither he had gone to 
consult specialists in nervous diseases, he delivered, in 1866, a political 
speech, of which more than one million copies were distributed in pamphlet 
form. After visiting Oregon in the spring of 1877, as chairman of a sena- 
torial committee to investigate the election of Lafayette Grover, he had 
another attack of paralysis, and died soon after reaching his home. 

ALBERT E. WILLIAMS. 
This well known farmer and honored citizen of Washington township, 
has throughout his active business life been prominently identified with the 
agricultural interests of Wayne county and has for over thirty years resided 
upon his present farm. He was born, however, in Rush county, Indiana, 
March 26, 1857, and is a son of Thomas and Olive (Elwell) Williams, both 
natives of Washington township, Wayne county. The father, who was born 
June 15, 1820, is a son of Joseph and Charity (Adams) Williams, natives of 
Virginia and North Carolina, respectively. In early life Joseph Williams 
came with his parents to Brookville, Franklin county, Indiana, where his 
father died. The latter was a member of the Society of Friends. The son 
was married in Franklin county and continued to make his home there until 
after the birth of two of his children. About 1S14 he came to Wayne county, 



-94 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

where he entered land and improved a farm. He was one of the pioneer 
Methodist ministers of this section and was highly respected by all who knew 
him. After his children had all married and left the parental home, he sold 
his farm to a son and moved to Fairview, Rush county, where he served as 
a local preacher until called to the better world in 1856. He was a devoted 
Christian who labored earnestly for the betterment of his fellow men, and 
the world is certainly better for his having lived. His children were Wesley, 
a resident of Hancock county, Indiana; William, a Methodist minister, now 
deceased; Deborah, who first married a Mr. Pettigrew, and secondly a Mr. 
Hardin; Mary, wife of John Howard; Thomas, father of our subject; James 
and Joseph, both farmers, now deceased; Mrs. Rachel Hart; and Polly. 

Thomas Williams grew to manhood upon a farm in Wayne county and 
remained with his parents until his marriage, when he settled in Rush county, 
where he improved a good farm of over four hundred acres and built thereon 
a good brick residence to replace his first home, which was a log structure. 
In 1864 he removed to Knightstown, where he engaged in the marble busi- 
ness for four years, and then located on the old Elwell homestead in Wayne 
county, where our subject now resides. After operating this place for ten 
years he removed to Milton, where he lived retired, though he still ownqd 
this farm and one in Rush county until his death, which occurred December 
2, 1889, when he disposed of all his property by will. He was an ardent 
Democrat in pohtics and served as township trustee in Rush county. He 
was an active worker in the Methodist church, and was a social, genial gentle- 
man who commanded the respect and esteem of all with whom he came in 
contact. His widow is still living and continues to make her home in Milton. 
To them were born seven children, namely: Samantha, who died at the age 
of nineteen years; Caroline, who died at the age of six; Olinda, widow of L. 
F. Hinchman, a farmer and stock dealer; Parnitha, wife of Dr. D. H. 
Miller, a druggist of Franklin, Indiana; Ellen, wife of J. B. Payne, a busi- 
ness man of the same place; Alice, wife of M. H. Moore, a grocer of Em- 
poria, Kansas; and Albert E. , our subject. 

Albert E. Williams began his education in the schools of Rush county, 
and later attended the common schools of I\nightstown and Wayne county, 
the seminary at Spiceland, Indiana, and the Northwestern University, at 
Irvington. He was thus well equipped for life's responsible duties and is 
to-day one of the most intelligent and well informed men of his community. 
He grew to manhood upon his present farm and after his marriage, in 1878, 
commenced housekeeping there, his father having given him one hundred 
acres, to which he has since added eighty acres. He also owns another well 
improved farm of one hundred and thirty-three acres. This is the original 
£lwell homestead. He has remodeled the brick residence and made many 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 95 

other improvements which add to the value and attractive appearance of the 
place. He has carried forward quite successfully the work inaugurated by 
his father, and is to-day one of the well-to-do and prosperous citizens of his 
community. In connection with general farming he is engaged in stock- 
raising, making a specialty of Short-horn and Durham cattle. Although an 
ardent Democrat in politics he has never cared for the honors or emoluments 
of public office. His honorable, upright life has gained for him the confi- 
dence and high regard of all with whom he has come in contact, and he has 
been called upon to act as guardian for others and as e.xecutor of his father's 
will. 

In 1878 Mr. Williams married Miss Lizzie E. Beeson, who was born in 
Washington ■ township May 25, 1858, a daughter of B. F. and Catherine 
(Howard) Beeson, who are represented elsewhere in this work. Her paternal 
grandfather, Benjamin Beeson, was a native of North Carolina and a son of 
Benjamin Beeson, whose father, Isaac Beeson, was of the fifth generation 
removed from Edward Beeson, a native of Lancastershire, England, who 
came to America with one of William Penn's colonies in 1682 and first set- 
tled in Pennsylvania. A number of years later he moved to a Quaker settle- 
ment in Virginia, and from there went to Brandywine, near Wilmington, 
Delaware. His descendant, Isaac Beeson, previously mentioned, removed 
from there to North Carolina, and from him springs the Indiana branch of 
the family. Three brothers came to this state: Isaac, in 1812, located near 
Richmond; Benjamin, in 18 14, settled where Mrs. Williams' father now lives; 
and Thomas, in 18 18, lived where his son, Elwood Beeson, now makes his 
home. 

B. F. Beeson, Mrs. Williams' father, is one of the most prominent and 
highly respected farmers of Wayne county, and the poor and needy are never 
turned from his door empty-handed. He married Catherine Howard, a lady 
of more than ordinary attainments, who is beloved by all who know her. 
She was born in Wayne county January 22, 1827, and is a daughter of John 
and Sarah (Calaway) Howard, who came here from North Carolina about 
1 8 14, and entered land and improved the farm now occupied by Elijah 
Hurst. There all their children were born. Finally selling that place they 
moved to Madison county, Indiana, but later returned to Wayne county and 
bought the farm where the Valley Grove church now stands. After his chil- 
dren were all grown Mr. Howard gave that place to a son and built for him- 
self a residence in the same neighborhood, where he spent his last days. He 
was thrice married and by the last wife had one son, Charles. There were 
two sons by the first union, — Samuel and Joseph, — and by the second 
there were twelve, including the following: Mary E. , Sarah, Mrs. Dwiggins, 
Lydia, Rachel, Cynthia, Catherine, John A., Neill and Margaret. Mrs. 



96 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Williams is the fourth in order of birth in a family of seven children, the 
others being: William, who died in 1873, aged twenty-two years; Oliver H., 
a farmer of Wayne county; Joseph, who died in 1873, aged eighteen years; 
Sanford, who died the same year, aged thirteen years; Elmer, a resident of 
Cambridge City; Ira J., who died in infancy; May, wife of J. Coyne; and 
Minnie, wife of F. Flora. The sons and mother, who passed away April 14, 
1873, died within four months, of spinal meningitis. For his second wife 
Mr. Beeson married Miss Kate Roadcap, in 1879. She was born in Virginia 
August 5, 1844, and came to Indiana with her parents, Henry and Lydia 
Roadcap, now residents of Henry county. Our subject and his wife have 
an interesting family of four children: Frank R., born August 23, 1879; 
Elsie, September 30, 1884; Harry B., July 31, 1886; and Carl P., January 
16, 1890. 

E. DWIGHT JOHNSTON. 

It is seldom that one attains prominence in more than one line. It is 
the tendency of the age to concentrate one's energies upon a given pursuit, 
to the exclusion of almost all other interests; yet this is apt to produce aa 
uneven and irregular development and not the symmetrical growth that is 
indicative of the highest manhood. In Mr. Johnston, however, we find a 
gentleman who has attained an eminent position in artistic and business 
circles, and who, in the affairs of society and church, is a recognized leader, 
enjoying the high regard of all with whom he is brought in contact. His 
name is now inseparably connected with the industrial interests of Conners- 
ville, and the extensive concerns which he controls form an important part of 
the business life of the city, furnishing employment to a very large force of 
workmen. 

A native of Ohio, he was born in Cedarville, October 11, 1861, his par- 
ents being David S. and Eliza E. (Bogle) Johnston, the father of Scotch 
descent and the mother of Scotch-Irish lineage. The paternal grandfather, 
David Johnston, was an extensive land-owner and farmer, who resided near 
Ripley, Ohio, and in that locality D. S. Johnston was born, in the year 
1834. Reared on the homestead farm near Ripley, in early manhood he 
engaged in the pork and wool business in Cedarville, Ohio, for about eight 
years. In 1870 he removed to Portsmouth, Ohio, where he was engaged in 
the piano business. In 1878 he removed to Cincinnati, where also he was 
engaged in the piano business. For ten years he was prominently connected 
with musical interests in that city and was well known in artistic circles. In 
1888 he removed to Tacoma, Washington, where he is an active factor in 
musical matters and church affairs. His wife also is a native of the Buckeye 
state, and to them were born four sons and two daughters, E. Dwight being 
the third. J. Stuart, the eldest, for years engaged in the piano business, died 




^, ^, OnrA'^L^'-^^vuyw 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 97 



at Meridian, Mississippi, in 1889. Rev. Howard A. Johnston, D. D., the 
second of the family, is a graduate of the Cincinnati University, took a post- 
graduate course at Wooster, Ohio, and is now pastor of the Madison Ave- 
nue Presbyterian church of New York city, and an able and prominent pulpit 
orator. The others of the family are: Mrs. James Simon, of Victoria, Brit- 
ish Columbia; Mrs. Retta J. Shank, a prominent vocalist of Chicago, and 
Walter, a graduate of Purdue University, now engaged in mechanical engi- 
neering in Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

E. Dwight Johnston obtained his English education in the public schools of 
Ohio, and at the age of eight years took up the study of music. There were then 
three children in the family and the father employed a governess, whose duty 
in part was to determine which one of the children possessed musical talent. 
Our subject displayed excellent ability in his studies and continued his work 
under the direction of the governess for a time and later in Portsmouth and 
Cincinnati, under the best musical instructors of those cities. He then entered 
the Cincinnati College of Music, in which he was a student and teacher for a 
number of years, continuing there until 1885. He became widely known in 
musical circles in both Cincinnati and Dayton, especially as a pianist and 
vocalist, possessing a superior bass voice and a most delicate and apprecia- 
tive touch on the instrument. 

Mr. Johnston was married in Connersville in 1885, and immediately after- 
ward became associated with the P. H. & F. M. Roots Blower Company. 
This was a sudden transition from the close connection with what has been 
termed " the most intangible and divine of all the arts " to the mechanical 
construction in a large foundry; but with rapidity he mastered the business, 
both in principle and detail, and thus indicated the versatility of his powers. 
He applied himself untiringly to his duties, daily adding to his knowledge of 
the immense business carried forward in the foundry, and in 1S87 he was 
made treasurer of the company. On the death of Francis M. Roots, in 1889, 
he became vice-president and general manager, in 1892 purchased a controll- 
ing interest, and on the ist of January, 1899, was elected president and gen- 
eral manager, the other officers being Lewis Roots Johnston, vice-president; 
Charles Mount, treasurer; and W. S. Calder, secretary. Under the manage- 
ment of Mr. Johnston the capacity and product of the factory has been 
trebled, employment is furnished to one hundred and fifty men, and the com- 
pany is capitalized for seven hundred thousand dollars. They manufacture 
rotary blowers, rotary gas-exhausters and rotary force-pumps, and their trade 
not only extends to all parts of this country but also to all other parts of the 
the civilized world. Recent extensive improvements have been made to the 
plant which make it by far the largest and most extensive concern of the 
kind in the world. The foundry building is fifty by one hundred and eighty- 



98 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

five feet in dimensions, and perhaps the cleanest and best equipped foundry 
in the state. The erecting room is ninety by one hundred and sixty-five 
feet, and modern in its facilities. The machine shop is eighty by one hun- 
dred and twenty-five feet, and three stories high. In all about fifty-five thou- 
sand square feet of floor space are occupied and utilized in the manufacture 
of the rotary force-blowers and pumps and gas exhausters of various sizes 
and weights. In the fall of 1899 an additional machine shop, fifty by two 
hundred feet with two wings, one thirty by sixty feet, the other twenty by 
forty feet, was erected, thus materially increasing their manufacturing facili- 
ties and for the special purpose of manufacturing a patented steam log- 

^loader. The output of this shop has been contracted tor for five years. 

In addition to his extensive foundry interests, Mr. Johnston is treasurer 
and president of the Steel Storage and Elevator Construction Company, of 
Buffalo, New York, a firm which does an extensive business in the construc- 
tion of a new system of grain-elevators, and will undoubtedly revolutionize 
methods of elevator building. They have erected in Buffalo an elevator 
with a capacity of one million bushels, and on the Canada & Pacific Railroad 
one having a capacity of a million and a half bushels. He holds letters 

■patent on some very valuable inventions of his own, among which is a special 
machine for furnishing blower or pump impellers. 

On the 8th of October, 1885, Mr. Johnston was united in marriage to 
Miss Lewis Roots, a daughter of the late F. M. Roots, who was one of the 
founders of the Roots Blower Company and one of the most distinguished 
and honored citizens that Connersville has ever known. Mr. and Mrs. John- 
ston have a family of three children, — Francis Roots, Esther Elizabeth and 
Sylvia Yale. They occupy a very prominent position in social circles, and 
their magnificent home in Connersville is justly celebrated for its charming 
hospitality, which is enjoyed by their extensive circle of friends. Mr. John- 
ston belongs to the Presbyterian church, takes an active part in its work, is a 
member of the board of sessions and superintendent of the Sunday-school, and 
for twelve years was the organist, but resigned about a year and a half ago. 

'He is a man of fine personal appearance, of genial manner, always ready to 
accord to any one the courtesy of an interview, a generous-spirited, broad- 
minded man, who embodies the spirit of American progress and advance- 
ment that has drawn to this country in the last few years the admiration of 
the world. 

MORDECAI D. DODDRIDGE. 

It is now eighty-five years since the family to which this well-known 
citizen belongs became identified with Wayne county, and its various mem- 
bers have won for the name an enviable distinction by their intelligence and 
worth. This high reputation is in no way diminished in this generation, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 99 

•our subject, who is counted among the leading agriculturists of Washington 
township, displays in a marked degree the admirable characteristics which 
the name suggests. 

The family is of English origin and was founded in America during 
colonial days, some of its representatives settling in New England, others in 
Pennsylvania. The Indiana branch springs from Joseph Doddridge, who left 
England early in the eighteenth century and first settled in New Jersey, 
whence he removed to Maryland, where several of his children were born. 
Among them was Philip Doddridge, who when grown removed with his 
parents to Washington county, Pennsylvania, where he married. His son 
John was born in that state. May 2, 1786, and there married Avis Manches- 
ter, a native of Rhode Island. In 18 14 Philip Doddridge, his son John, David 
Jenkins and John Spahr formed a colony and came to the territory of Indiana. 
Building a flatboat, they floated down the Ohio, with all their possessions, 
families and stock, to Cincinnati, where they sold the boat and then started 
across the country for the new Eldorado, cutting their own road in many 
places. Arriving at the twelve-mile purchase, Wayne county, Philip Dodd- 
xidge entered one hundred and sixty acres of land, where the family settled 
and improved a farm, which is now occupied by David J. Doddridge. He 
also entered other large tracts and gave each of his children a farm. In Eng- 
land the family was connected with the Episcopal church, but on coming to 
free America joined the Methodist church, and soon after locating in Indiana 
Philip Doddridge and his son John were instrumental in organizing one of 
the first churches in this region. For a time services were held in the differ- 
ent cabins, but at length these two gentlemen gave the land for a church and 
cemetery, and the first house of worship, which was a log structure, was 
erected in 18 16. In honor of the family it was named Doddridge Chapel. 
It was a historic church, and its converts are now scattered throughout many 
states. In 1832 the congregation erected a brick edifice, and when it became 
too small it was replaced, in 1876, by a more commodious and modern struct- 
ure, which is still in use. It is a standing monument to Philip and John 
Doddridge. Many of the old settlers were laid to rest in the cemetery 
adjoining the church. The children of Philip Doddridge were Mrs. Hannah 
Jenkins, Mrs. Sabra Spahr, Mrs. Walters, and John. 

John Doddridge carried forward the work inaugurated by his father, and 
after the latter's death inherited the home farm, on which he erected a good 
brick residence, which is still in use. He entered other lands in Tipton and 
Marshall counties, and, being quite successful in his undertakings, he left a 
large estate. He was a leader in all church work, and as an exhorter trav- 
eled throughout the country, attending meetings within a radius of twenty 
.miles. He was a man honored and respected wherever known, and his death, 



100 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

which occurred in 1851, was widely and deeply mourned. His faithful wife, 
who was also an earnest church worker, survived him for many years, dying 
in 1883, at the advanced age of ninety-three. In their family were eight 
children, all born in Indiana with the exception of Isaac, the father of our 
subject. The others were: Philip, who died in Washington township, Wayne 
county; John, who died in Kansas; Mrs. Phoebe Baker; Mrs. Eliza Ream; 
Sarah, wife of Rev. McMullen; David J., who resides on the old homestead; 
and Mrs. Nancy McMullen. 

Isaac Doddridge was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, Decem- 
ber 19, 1 809, "but was reared on the Indiana frontier, and his education was 
necessarily limited, as there were few schools in this section at that time. 
At the age of twelve he commenced driving a four-horse team to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, in the freighting business, in which he was interested for many years. 
After his marriage, in 1834, he moved to Union county, Indiana, where he 
bought land and improved a farm, remaining there eleven years. He then 
purchased the Lambert farm, in Wayne county, which was his home for the 
same length of time, and spent the remainder of his life on the old Dickson 
Hurst farm, where he died January 27, 1896. He was a very industrious 
and energetic man, and became one of the largest landowners of the county, 
having at one time three thousand acres, divided into well improved farms, 
many of which he rented. His tenants have nothing but praise to say of 
him, as he was a most kind and liberal landlord. He was quiet, genial and 
companionable, never allowing business or trivial things to worry him; and 
he was a man of unquestioned integrity and honor. He kept well-posted on 
public questions, and was an ardent supporter of the Republican party. On 
the 27th of March, 1834, he married Miss Sarah Weekly, who was born in 
North Carolina in 18 16, a daughter of Isaiah and Agatha (Fishback) Weekly, 
who came to Indiana in 1819 and located in Wayne county, where her father 
developed a farm in the midst of the forest. Healed the quiet, honest and 
unassuming life of a farmer, and was an earnest member of the Methodist 
church. His children were: Fanny, wife of P. Jenkins; Sarah, mother of 
our subject; Betsy, wife of Philip Doddridge; and Mordecai, all now deceased 
with the exception of Mrs. Jenkins. To Isaac Doddridge and wife were born 
eleven children, namely: Mary, who first married John Wright, and secondly 
William Wright; Phoebe, who died March 27, 1884; Francena, wife of W. 
Kramer; Eliza, wife of H. Houseworth; John H., a Methodist minister of 
Bloomington, Indiana; Isaiah, a farmer; Mordecai, our subject; Lurena, wife 
of John Judkins; Benjamin, who died in 1890; Wilbur, a farmer; and James, 
a resident of Milton. 

Mordecai Doddridge was reared to the honest toil of a farmer and was 
educated in the common schools and the National Normal of Ohio. After 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 101 

completing his education he engaged in teaching school, in both Wayne and 
Union counties, until his marriage. After his marriage he settled on a farm 
owned by his father west of Doddridge chapel, and commenced life in ear- 
nest. In 1896 he purchased what is known as the Isom Small farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres, to which he has since added forty acres, and there 
he continues to make his home, engaged in general farming and stock-raising, 
with good success. He feeds most of the products of his farm to his stock. 
That he stands high in his community and is very popular with his fellow 
citizens is shown by his election to the office of trustee in a strong Demo- 
cratic township when he is a Republican. He is a leading member and 
active worker in the Methodist church, and has held all of the church offices. 
He has been called upon to settle many estates, which demonstrates the fact 
that the people place the utmost confidence in him. He was appointed 
executor of his father's will and this required great care and attention, as the 
estate was large. 

On the I2th of September, 1883, Mr. Doddridge married Miss Mary J. 
Spahr, who was born, in Abington township, Wayne county, May 11, 1854, 
and they have become the parents of two children: Joseph I., born July 23, 
1886; and Sarah E. , born May 29, 1889. Mr. and Mrs. Doddridge hold 
membership in the Doddridge Chapel Methodist church, and occupy an 
enviable position in social circles. 

Mrs. Doddridge's paternal grandfather, John Spahr, was one of the 
colony previously mentioned who came to Wayne county in 1814 and settled 
in Abington township, where Mrs. Doddridge's father now lives. There he 
spent the remainder of his life and was actively and prominently identified 
with the moral and material development of the county. He was twice mar- 
ried and by th'e second union had two children: Joseph B., father of Mrs. 
Doddridge; and Nancy, wife of Isaac Jenkins, who was also a member of the 
colony of 18 14 and is still living in Centerville. Joseph B. Spahr has spent 
his entire life upon his present farm, and as an agriculturist has met with 
marked success. He has made a specialty of the raising of short-horn cattle. 
He is a sincere and consistent Christian, a member of the Methodist church, 
and his life is well worthy of emulation. Formerly he was a Democrat in 
politics but for many years has affiliated with the Prohibition party and is a 
stanch adherent of its principles. He married Miss Matilda Burgess, a 
daughter of Richard and Susan Burgess, natives of Virginia and honored 
pioneers of Wayne county. By occupation her father was a farmer, miller 
and millwright. His children were Alexander and Leander, both farmers of 
Wayne county; Matilda, the first wife of Joseph B. Spahr and the mother of 
Mrs. Doddridge; and Martha, the second wife of Mr. Spahr. 



102 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



HON. BRANSON L. HARRIS. 

One of the families which have been prominent in the history of Wayne 
county from its early days was founded here several years prior to the begin- 
ning of the war of 1812 by Benjamin Harris, the grandfather of the subject 
of this memoir. The Harris family originated in Wales, and some time 
during the last century one Obediah Harris, with two of his brothers, made a 
settlement in Virginia. They were members of the Society of Friends, and 
sought the greater religious liberty which they were permitted to enjoy in 
the young American colony. Obediah Harris lived in North Carolina for a 
number of years, and there his son Benjamin was born. In 1810 Obediah 
Harris and his youngest son and namesake, both of whom were ministers of 
the Quaker church, came to Indiana and passed the remainder of their days 
in the northern part of Wayne and the southern part of Randolph counties. 

It was subsequent to his marriage to Miss Margaret England that Ben- 
jamin Harris determined to try his fortunes in the new northwest, and made 
his removal with his family to Indiana, and located on land about six miles 
north of Richmond, Wayne county. He and his estimable wife spent the 
rest of their lives here, and of their large family, most of whom grew to 
maturity, married, and had homes of their own, only one, Elizabeth, the 
youngest daughter, is now living, her home being in Fountain City, this state. 
Those who have passed away were Obediah, Barsheba, Pleasant, James, 
John, Rebecca, Margaret, David, Sarah, Aaron and Nathan. 

James Harris, the father of Branson L. Harris, was born in North Caro- 
lina, and was a lad of fourteen years when he accompanied his parents in 
their removal to Indiana. During the war of 18 12 he entered the army and 
served for several months on behalf of his country, for which offense against 
the teachings of the Quaker church he was turned out of the society. He 
managed to survive that affliction, however, and later became a faithful mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal denomination. As a young man, he per- 
formed the hardest kinds of pioneer labor, such as clearing away the forests, 
splitting rails, raising log cabins, and breaking the virgin soil with the crude 
implements of that period. Thus he earned the money with which to pur- 
chase a little tract of land for himself. His first home was on a farm of 
eighty acres, in Green township, west of Williamsburg, but this property he 
sold three years later and entered a quarter-section of land in the south- 
eastern part of the same township. About 1827 he exchanged that 
place for one owned by his eldest brother Obediah, it being near the 
center of the same township. There he spent the rest of his busy and 
prosperous life, his death occurring in July, 1854. Quiet and industrious, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 103 

upright and gentle, he was a most worthy and respected citizen, faithful in 
the discharge of all his duties. Though he was a Whig with strong anti- 
slavery principles, he did not desire to serve in public positions, preferring to 
keep out of politics, but was a justice of the peace for several years. In 
the early part of 1816 he married Naomi, daughter of John and Sarah Lewis. 
She was a native of North Carolina, whence she emigrated to this state with 
her parents, and she survived her husband a number of years. To James 
and Naomi Harris five sons and two daughters were born, Branson L. being 
the eldest; Winston E. is a resident of Williamsburg, Wayne cour>ty; Addi- 
son R. died at the age of three years; Milton R. died a number of years ago; 
Allen M. lives in Richmond, this county; Hannah, deceased, was the wife of 
William Campbell; and Sarilda is the wife of William Thornburg. 

The birth of Branson L. Harris took place April 21, 18 17, upon his 
father's old homestead in Green township. His entire life, eighty-two years 
has been spent in Green and Clay townships, his attention chiefly devoted to 
agriculture. In his young manhood he worked for neighbors until he had 
saved a little capital, and his next step was to rent a farm. Later he bought 
a small tract of land, and added to this as he could afford. At last he had 
one hundred and seventy acres of finely improved land, lying in one body, 
and this he sold some years ago, buying instead his present farm adjoining 
Green's Fork. 

An eventful day in the history of our subject was September 19, 1839, 
when his marriage to Miss Martha Young was solemnized. She was born 
March 23, 18 17, in the same locality, and they had grown up together. Her 
parents were Jesse and Ruth (Martindale) Young, respected early settlers of 
Green township. Two sons blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Harris, 
namely: Addison and Alonzo M. The latter, who was born September 13, 
1845, ^^'^ resides on the farm near his parents, is married and has one daugh- 
ter, Lenora, who is the only grandchild of our subject and wife. The elder 
son, whose birth took place October i, 1840, was educated in Christian (now 
Butler) University, near Indianapolis, and later read law in that city, with 
Barber Howland as his preceptor. He won a splendid reputation as a mem- 
of the legal profession, and became about equally prominent in the ranks of 
the Republican party in this state. In the spring of 1899, after he had 
adundantly proved his ability in the state senate, where he had previously 
served the people, he was appointed by President McKinley to the very 
responsible and important post of minister to Austria and is now representing 
this great government in the court at Vienna. 

By a rather remarkable coincidence Branson L. Harris and his dis- 
tinguished son were members of the legislative body of Indiana at the same 
time, serving in the lower and upper house, respectively. The former was 



104 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

elected to represent his county in the general assembly of the state as early 
as 1852, and in 1875 and 1877 was honored with re-elections, thus serving, 
altogether, three terms. About 1850 he was given the office of justice of the 
peace, acting in that capacity for some five years, and he also served as town- 
ship trustee. Both he and his sons have been stanch Republicans, keeping 
themselves thoroughly posted upon all of the great questions of the day. Mr. 
and Mrs. Harris, who are loved and revered by all who know them, were 
largely influential in the founding of the Christian church at Green's Fork, and 
have contributed liberally of their time, means and zeal toward its upbuilding. 

JESSE BOND. 

Jesse and Phcebe Bond, the grandparents of Henry T. and Abner D. 
Bond, of Clay township, and of Lewis Bond, of Cambridge City, Wayne 
county, were among the earliest of the pioneers of this county, as they 
arrived here in 1807. Their ancestors were members of the Society of 
Friends, and its princples were believed in and practiced by them throughout 
their lives. The founder of the Bond family in America was one of the col- 
onists who accompanied William Penn; and a son, Joseph Bond, was the 
father of Stephen Bond, who settled in Virginia, and of Edward and Samuel, 
who located in North Carolina, while the other sons, Benjamin, Silas and 
John, remained in Pennsylvania. Edward Bond, who, as mentioned, removed 
to the south, married a Miss Mills, and to them were born the following 
named children: Benjamin, Edward, John, Joshua, William, Jesse, Joseph, 
Anne and Keziah. 

Jesse Bond was born in 1779, married Phcebe Commons, a daughter of 
Robert and Ruth (Hayes) Commons, and in 1807 they emigrated from Vir- 
ginia to what was then the territory of Indiana. For a few years they lived 
upon land which now is the site of Earlham College, near Richmond. Then 
removing to the homestead, which is in the possession of Abner Bond, his 
grandson, Jesse Bond spent more than half a century there, passing to his 
reward upon the 4th of April, 1862. His devoted helpmate died many years 
previously, when in her sixty-third year, June 30, 1845. By the aid of his 
sons he had succeeded in clearing and greatly improving the old farm, which 
is situated about a mile south of the present town of Green Fork, in Clay 
township. For his day he was con^idareJ in quite affluent circumstances in 
his later years, but the life which he and his household led was simple and 
devoid of expensive luxuries, as this was a matter of long habit and religious 
training. He was a man of high standing in the community and influential 
in the Quaker church, often preaching and assisting in the services. Need- 
less to say his integrity and uprightness of word and deed won for him the 
love and high regard of every one with whom he was associated. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 105 

To Jesse Bond and wife were born several children, namely: Nathan, 
-whose birth took place in 1803, and whose wife was formerly Tamar Kent- 
worthy; Robert, born in 1804, and married Rachel Thornburg; John, born 
in 1806, and married Mary Barnett; William C. , born in 1808, and married 
Hannah Locke; Enos, born in 1810, and wedded Susanna Hoover; Isom, 
born in 1812, and married Dinah Kentworthy; Ruth, born in 1814, and mar- 
ried William Nicholson; Hannah, born in 18 16, wife of John Wilson; Isaac, 
born in 18 18, and married leather Jie Eirgood; Jesse, born in 1820 and was 
three times married, — first to Jane Cox, then to Harriet Hank, and finally 
to Belle King; and Lydia, born in 1822, became the wife of Oliver Menden- 
hall. With the exception of Jesse and his wives, all were residents of Wayne 
county at the time of their marriage. In 1899 the only survivors of the 
family of Jesse Bond, the senior, are William, Jesse, Hannah and Lydia. 

Robert Bond, the father of Henry T. , Abner D. and Lewis Bond, was 
born in Virginia in 1804, and consequently was very young when he was 
brought to this county, with whose welfare his own was thenceforth to be 
connected. The lady of his choice was Rachel Thornburg, a daughter of 
Henry Thornburg, an early settler of Jefferson township, Wayne county- 
She was a native of Tennessee, and came to this section with her parents in 
childhood. After his marriage, Robert Bond located upon land adjoining his 
' father's homestead, and on this property he and his estimable wife passed 
the rest of their days. Following the worthy example of his father, he 
adhered to the Society of Friends and illustrated the noble ideals which he 
■cherished in his daily life. Loved and mourned by a large circle of sincere 
friends, he entered the silent land on the 28th of March, 1864. Of the six 
sons and two daughters born to himself and wife, and reared to maturity, 
only three, H. T. , A. D. and Lewis, survive. John, Milton, Larkin, Emily 
and Lydia E. have passed away. 

Henry T. Bond was born upon the parental homestead in Clay town- 
ship, February 10, 1827, and on the 4th of September, i860, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Mary A. Boyd. Her father, Robert Boyd, was one of 
the pioneers of Wayne county and later removed to Henry county, where he 
spent the rest of his life. Mr. Bond was bereft of his wife, who died in Octo- 
ber, 1897, leaving three children: Robert B., Emma F. and James Edgar. 

Abner Bond, who resides upon the old homestead formerly owned by 
his grandfather, Jesse Bond, was born April 19, 1836. His marriage to Miss 
Mary E. Scott, a daughter of John and Jane (Willetts) Scott, was solemnized 
in i860. To Mr. and Mrs. Bond the following named children were born: 
Emma Celeste, September 24, 1861; Maud, March 16, 1865; Virgia Blanche, 
April 14, 1877; and Edith A., May 20, 1882. The eldest daughter became 
the wife of A. R. Jones, of Centerville, Wayne county, and died November 



106 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

4, 1889, leaving two children: Forest B., who was born April 8, 1876, and 
Mary Lucile, born October 24, 1879. Maud, the second daughter of Mr. 
Bond, married William Woodruff, and resides near her father's home. Vir- 
gia Blanche died February 4, 1878. Edith A. is living with her father on 
the farm. 

The Bond brothers are highly respected by those who have known them 
from their boyhood, and they are indeed worthy representatives of this hon- 
ored pioneer family. At all times they have been safely relied upon to use 
their influence, and means if need be, in the advancement of whatever has 
been for the good of the community. 

ISHAM SMELSER. 

During the pioneer epoch in the history of Wayne county, the Smelser 
family was founded within its borders by Jacob and Elizabeth (Smith) Smel- 
ser, who, leaving their homes in Kentucky in 1822, took up their residence 
in Boston township, Wayne county, Indiana, where they spent their remain- 
ing days. The members of the family took an active and prominent part in 
the development of this section of the state, aided in transforming its wild 
lands into rich farms, and in other ways promoted the progress and advance- 
ment which made a once wild region the home of a contented, prosperous 
people. Jacob Smelser lived to witness much of the development of the 
county, his death occurring December 8, 1875, when he had reached the 
advanced age of ninety-one years. His wife passed away April 7, 1869, at 
the age of seventy-five years. They had nine children: Harriet, widow of 
William Byers, and a resident of Richmond; Solomon, who is mentioned in 
connection with the sketch of Nicholas Smelser, of Harrison township, 
Union county; Catherine, who married Isaac Esteb, of Boston township, 
Wayne county; Margarey, deceased wife of John Sedgwick; James, who- 
died leaving a widow, who now lives four miles east of Richmond; Isham, of 
this review; Jacob, a resident of Frankton, Madison county, Indiana; Minerva, 
wife of James Hart, of Harrison township, Union county; and Tracy, widow 
of Zachariah Osborn, of Boston township, Wayne county. 

Isham Smelser, whose name heads this article, was born on the old 
family homestead in Wayne county, November 23, 1823, and was therefore 
reared amid the wild scenes of frontier life. He aided in the arduous task of 
clearing wild land and converting it into fertile fields, continuing to assist his 
father until his marriage, when he began farming on his own account. The 
first land he owned was a tract of one hundred and eighty-two acres, given 
him by his father, and with characteristic energy he began its development. 
He was very industrious and enterprising, and as his financial resources- 
increased he added to his landed possessions until he was the owner of an 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 107 

extensive and valuable property. In connection with the cultivation of his 
fields, he engaged in raising cattle in large numbers. He fed these for the 
town market, and found that branch of his business a very profitable one. 
His capable management, enterprise, well directed efforts and honorable 
dealings were the important factors in his prosperity and brought him a very 
handsome competence. 

In 1850 Mr. Smelser and Miss Henrietta Farlow were united in mar- 
riage. The lady was a daughter of John and Catherine Farlow, of Harrison 
township. Union county, where the family located at a very early day. It 
was in that locality that Mrs. Smelser was born, and there her marriage 
occurred. Four children were born of this union: John F. and Richard E., 
who reside on the old family homestead, now owned by the latter; Jacob S., 
a resident farmer of Boston township, Wayne county; and Mary E., wife of 
Walter W. McConahan, of Center township, Wayne county. Both Richard 
and John are members of the Knights of Pythias fraternity, of Abington, 
Indiana. The former owns four hundred and five acres of land, — the old 
family homestead, — and the latter is the owner of a valuable farm of three 
hundred and twenty acres in Boston township. They carried on business in 
partnership for five years, but have since dissolved their business relations. 
They are both men of executive ability and enterprise and are numbered 
among the leading citizens of the community. The father of this family was 
a faithful member of the Universalist church, very regular in his attendance 
on its services, and was fond of an argument on religious topics, on which he 
was well informed. Straightforward in all his business dealings, loyal to his 
duties of citizenship, he commanded the respect and confidence of his fellow 
men, and by his death the community lost one of its valued citizens. He 
passed away September 28, [882, in his fifty-ninth year, and his wife, sur- 
viving him some time, died December 15, 1893, at the age of si.xty-seven 
years. 

HON. WILLIAM BAXTER. 

In the death of William Baxter, September 6, 1886, Wayne county lost 
one of her most prominent and useful citizens, and though more than a 
decade has been added to the past since he passed to his reward he is remem- 
bered in many a home, and his good works in various directions still speak 
his praises. While he was deeply concerned in numerous philanthropic enter- 
prises, he was, more especially, heart and soul identified with the temper- 
ance cause. Gifted with eloquence and a ready flow of language, he delivered 
able addresses on the subject of temperance, in all parts of this state and 
Ohio. A Republican, politically, he was elected on that ticket to the Indiana 
legislature, and served one term there in the '70s. Later he was further 



108 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

honored by being elected to the state senate, and while a member of that 
honorable body he introduced and secured the passage of the bill known as 
the Baxter local-option bill. He was actively engaged in all measures of 
public importance and was a thorough disbeliever in the system of capital 
punishment which prevails. Not only was he prominent in the Woman's 
Reformatory of Indianapolis and deeply interested in all state-prison reforms, 
but in every practical manner he also sought to do good to his fellow men. 
In short, his life was the embodiment of the highest teaching of Christianity, 
of love and service toward God and man. 

A native of Yorkshire, England, William Baxter was born February i r, 
1824. His parents were John and Mar}' (Pollard) Baxter, likewise of York- 
shire birth. The father was a minister of the Methodist church, and doubt- 
less his beautiful example and wise teaching had much to do in forming the 
character of his son William. He was very influential in his own neighbor- 
hood, for ha was not only a good man but one of brains and liberal ideas, 
and a great student. He was the father of ten children, three of whom died 
in England. The father having died, William Baxter came to the United 
States in 1848 and made a home in Philadelphia, to which his widowed 
mother came the following year, and the rest of the family later crossed the 
Atlantic. 

Prior to leaving his native land Mr. Baxter had studied law, but he 
concluded that he would not follow that vocation, and instead he accepted 
a position as manager of a woolen-goods factory. At the end of a few years 
he became interested in the tea trade at Liverpool, and after arriving in 
Philadelphia he dealt in wool in wholesale quantities, as a partner in the 
firm of David Scull & Company. When he came to Richmond in 1864 he 
continued buying, shipping and selling wool to his old Quaker City house up 
to 1875. He became the owner of a fine one-hundred-acre farm in what is 
now West Richmond, and from 1875 until his death he was a stockholder and 
director in the Wayne Agricultural Works, of Richmond. 

In England Mr. Baxter married Mary Wickett, who died soon after 
their removal to Philadelphia, and their only child, a son, died in infancy. 
December 3, 1856, Mr. Baxter married Mary Barker, who survives him and 
resides in Richmond, loved and respected by all who know her. Her par- 
ents, Enoch and Sophia (Davis) Barker, were both natives of North Caro- 
lina, and left that state to take up their abode in the north on account of 
their opposition to slavery. They came to this state in 1831 and five years 
later the father died at his home near Thornton, Boone county. The 
mother survived him for sixty years, dying at a very advanced age in Rich- 
mond, in 1896. 

The five living children of William and Mary (Barker) Baxter are: 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 10& 

Sarah, wife of Edward Fletcher, of thip place; Mary E., wife of John G. 
Sutton, of Warsaw, Indiana; Maria, at home; Lucy V., who married Per- 
cival B. Coffin, of Chicago; and William H., a citizen of Richmond. 

ANDREW F. SCOTT. 

It is a well attested maxim that the greatness of the state lies not in the 
machinery of government, or even in its institutions, but in the sterling qual- 
ities of its individual citizens, in their capacity for high and unselfish effort 
and their devotion to the public good. To this class belonged Andrew F. 
Scott of Richmond, a man prominent in the business, social and church cir- 
cles of the city. His influence for good was widely felt, and his example was 
indeed worthy of emulation. He was at all times actuated by the highest 
motives and the most lofty principles; he lived for the benefit of others, and 
his memory remains as an unalloyed benediction to all who knew him. The 
history of Richmond would be incomplete without the record of his life, so 
intimately was he connected with its commercial and benevolent institu- 
tions. 

Andrew F. Scott was born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, on the 28th 
of December, 181 1, and made the best of the advantages afforded him for 
the acquirement of an education. In 1838 he left the Old Dominion in order 
to try his fortune upon the prairies of the far west and took up his residence 
in the little village of Richmond, Indiana. He entered upon his vocation 
here as a school-teacher, and later accepted the position of clerk for Daniel 
Reid. In 1839 Mr. Reid was appointed registrar of the land office at Fort 
Wayne, and appointed Mr. Scott his chief deputy. In 1841 the latter was 
appointed deputy sheriff of Wayne county and returned from Fort W^ayne to 
Centerville in order to assume the duties of his new position. On the expira- 
tion of his term of service he went to Cincinnati and entered the employ of a 
steamboat company, with which he was connected until 1847, when he came 
to Richmond and embarked in merchandising. For four years he successfully 
carried on operations in that line, and then assumed the duties of county 
clerk, to which office he was elected in 1851 for a term of four years. In 
1855 he was again chosen for that position, being elected almost without 
opposition. When his second term expired he turned his attention to agri- 
cultural pursuits and carpentering, which he followed for six years, when, in 
1866, he became a partner in the grocery firm of Forkner, Scott & Elmer, 
which relation was maintained for a number of years. In 1872 he was instru- 
mental in organizing the Second National Bank, was one of its leading stock- 
holders, and at its formation was elected president, in which position he con- 
tinued to serve to the time of his death. To his enterprise, sagacity, keen 
discrimination and thorough reliability, the success of the institution is 



110 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

largely due, and to his efforts may be attributed its high standing in financial 
circles. He was a man of unquestioned integrity in all business transactions, 
was progressive in his methods and very energetic; and the success and 
prosperity he achieved was the deserved reward of honorable labor. He 
aided in organizing, and was a stockholder in the Richmond Natural Gas 
Company. 

In 1839 Mr. Scott was united in marriage with Miss Martha McGlathery, 
of Philadelphia. She was born in Norristown, Pennsylvania, June 17, 1808. 
Her father was a wealthy market gardener near Philadelphia, who came to 
Richmond, Indiana, in 1837, and lived here until her marriage to Mr. Scott, 
July II, 1839. She was a faithful helpmate until her death, January 8, 1888. 
She was a member of the United Presbyterian church, but her home among 
the flowers and plants was her delight. In regard to her benevolent character 
we can empathically say she never turned the needy from her door unsupplied. 
Her kindness of heart often carried her to the limit of her resources. For 
example, during the civil war word was received that the soldiers were suf- 
fering for blankets to keep them warm; and Mrs. Scott contributed the last 
comfortable or quilt she had in the house. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Scott were John. Letitia, Augustus and 
Mary; but all are now deceased with the exception of Augustus. Letitia died 
February 22, 1863, at the age of twenty-two years. She was married in 
1859 to Joseph McNutt, who died in 1877. They had two children. The 
elder, Albert Scott McNutt, is a graduate of the West Point Military Acad- 
emy and was stationed for some time in the west, at Cheyenne, Fort Thomas 
and other points, with the rank of first lieutenant. The younger son, Frank 
A., is a man of superior education and has traveled all over the world, hav- 
ing circumnavigated the globe. He served as secretary of the legation at 
Madrid and consul at Constantinople. He recently married a Miss Van 
Cortland Ogden, an heiress of New York city, and now lives in a palatial 
home in Rome, Italy. Mary E. was the wife of John M. Tennis, and had 
one daughter, Martha, wife of Joseph Gibson, of Richmond, Indiana. 

For many years Mr. Scott was one of the leading and zealous members 
of the United Presbyterian church of Richmond, and served as elder for a 
long period. He was always found in his place at the church services and 
lived that practical religion which teaches charity, kindness, sympathy and 
benevolence. The poor and needy found in him a warm friend, yet his aid 
was always unostentatious, and was frequently bestowed when the recipient 
knew not who was the donor. In politics he was always a stanch Democrat, 
and for eight years served as a member of the city council, taking an active 
part in the advocacy and adoption of all measures tending to prove of public 
benefit. He was an exemplary member of the Independent Order of Odd 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. HI 

Fellows, of the Masonic order and of the local humane society. He passed 
away March i6, 1895, honored and respected by all who knew him. The 
banks of the city were closed during the hour of the funeral services, and 
throughout this section of Indiana was mourned the death of this honored 
pioneer, enterprising citizen, faithful friend, devoted husband and father and 
earnest Christian gentleman. At the meeting of the Humane Society, the 
following tribute to his memory was read by Mrs. F. M. Clark: 

" The cause of humanity never had a truer friend than this loved and 
valued member of our society who has passed to the higher life. The stereo- 
typed words customary on such occasions seem but mockery when we remem- 
ber all the grand traits that went to make the character of this, one of 
nature's noblemen. In all the relations of life, — family, church and society, 
■ — he displayed that consistent Christian spirit, that innate refinement, that 
endeared him alike to man, woman and child. He early learned that true 
happiness consisted in ministering to others, and his integrity and fidelity 
were manifest in every act of his life. Splendid monuments record the vir- 
tues of kings, history's pages chronicle the deeds of heroes, but the memory 
of our brother will live in the hearts of those who knew and loved him. The 
example of such a life is an inspiration to others, and his influence will be 
felt long after the marble has crumbled and history's pages are dust. We 
feel that in the death of Andrew F. Scott our society has sustained an 
irreparable loss, and we extend to his family our sincere sympathy in this 
their great bereavement." 

SAMUEL TUTTLE. 

Samuel Tuttle, postmaster of Orange, Fayette county, Indiana, is a 
veteran of the civil war and a man whose sterling integrity entitles him to the 
high regard in which he is held by all who know him. 

Mr. Tuttle is a native of the Pine Tree state. He was born in Passa- 
dumkeag, Penobscot county, Maine, October 12, 1840, son of Samuel and 
Fanny (Sibley) Tuttle, both of whom were born in Maine. James Tuttle, 
the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was an Ohio farmer who passed 
his life and died in the Buckeye state. His children, five in number, were 
Samuel, James, Church, and Martha, wife of J. Wolf, and another daughter 
whose name cannot now be recalled. James Tuttle was an Abolitionist and 
a Republican, and in his religious views he was known as a materialist. 
General James Tuttle, who has figured prominently in Iowa politics, is a 
cousin of our subject. 

The senior Samuel Tuttle grew to manhood on his father's farm in 
Maine, later in Ohio, and when a young man returned to Maine and engaged 
in the lumber business, rafting lumber down the Penobscot river. He was 



112 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

married in Maine, and in October, 1850, moved with liis family to Indiana, 
locating in Fayette county, where he spent the rest of his days in the quiet 
of farm life. He died in Fayetteville about 1870. Both he and his wife 
were identified with the Christian church, and she survived him until 1893 
She was a daughter of Hiram Sibley, a farmer of Maine. To Samuel and 
Fanny (Sibley) Tuttle were born four children, namely : Martha, who died 
in early womanhood; James, a member of the Ninth Indiana Cavalry, died in 
the service during the civil war; Samuel; and Mary, deceased wife of A. Pettis. 
Thus Samuel is the only one of the family now living. Of their mother we 
further record that she was the youngest of a family of four children, the 
others being John, William A., and Eliza, wife of J. P. Roundy, of Bangor, 
Maine. 

The direct subject of this sketch, Samuel Tuttle, was ten years old when 
his father moved from Maine to Indiana, and on his father's farm in Fayette 
county he passed the years between ten and eighteen. He then learned the 
trade of harnessmaker, and as a journeyman was employed in work at that 
trade when the civil war was inaugurated. August 12, 1861, he enlisted at 
Terre Haute, Indiana, as a member of the Nineteenth United States Iiifmtry, 
which was mustered in at Indianapolis. His command was sent to Kentucky, 
where it became a part of the Fourteenth Army Corps, Third Division, and 
with it he shared the fortunes of war, participating in numerous engagements. 
Among the battles in which he took part were those of Shiloh, Stone river, 
Chickamauga, etc. Sunday night, September 20, 1863, he was taken pris- 
oner by the enemy and sent to Richmond, Virginia, where he \\as destined to 
taste the horrors of prison life, — a life which did not soon end for him. He 
remained at Richmond until February of the following year, when he was 
transferred to Danville; subsequently was sent back to Richmond and was 
held a captive until September, when he was released. It was only by strat- 
agem that he avoided Andersonville at the time he was transferred to Dan- 
ville, and it was by the use of the same means that he obtained his parole. 
After this he went to Annapolis, Maryland, and was placed in St. John's hos- 
pital, where he remained a month, at the end of that time going to Detroit,. 
Michigan, where he was honorably discharged, his term of enlistment having 
expired. 

At the close of his army service Mr. Tuttle returned to Fajette county, 
a physical wreck, and it was a year before he recovered sufficient health to 
enable him to resume work at his trade. As soon as he was able he engaged 
in work as a journeyman harnessmaker, and was thus occupied until 1876, 
traveling about from place to place. In 1876 he returned to Fayetteville,. 
opened a shop and settled here. In the meantime he had married, in Mar- 
shall county, Indiana. He worked at his trade here until 1885, when he 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 113 

retired. In May, 1898, he received the appointment as postmaster of Orange 
postoffice and has acceptably filled the office ever since. 

Mr. Tattle's first wife, whose maiden name was Mary David, was the 
daughter of W. P. David, a farmer and Methodist minister of Marshall 
county, Indiana. Mrs. MaryTuttle died in 1871, leaving an only child, Rosa, 
who is now the wife of Martin P. Carny, a farmer of Madison county, Indi- 
ana. In 1876 Mr. Tuttle married Mrs. Agnes Spangle, a daughter of John 
Flanders, a native of Pennsylvania. Mr. Flanders was for years engaged in 
farming in Steuben county, Indiana, and died there. Mrs. Tuttle has one 
child by her first husband, William Spangle. By Mr. Tuttle she has had 
three children. The first-born died in infancy and James A. and Mary are 
both at home. Mr. Tuttle's first wife was a Methodist and his present wife 
and the two children are members of the Christian church. Mr. Tuttle is 
an ardent Republican and is identified with the G. A. R. Post, No. 126, at 
Connersville. 

AUGUSTUS C. SCOTT. 

Of an old Virginia family that was founded in Indiana at an early period 
in the history of the Hoosier state, Augustus C. Scott is a worthy representa- 
tive. He was born in the city which is still his home, Richmond, August 4, 
1843, and is a son of Andrew F. and Martha Scott. His grandfather, Jesse 
Scott, was a native of Rockbridge county, Virginia, where he spent his entire 
life in the occupation of farming. Andrew F. Scott likewise was a native of 
Rockbridge county, born December 8, 181 1. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools, was reared on a farm, and in 1838 came to Indiana. For many 
years he was identified with the growth, development and improvement of 
Wayne county, and in his death, which occurred March 16, 1895, the com- 
munity experienced a great loss. 

Under the parental roof Augustus C. Scott was reared to manhood, and 
pursued his education in the schools of Centerville and Richmond, and 
through this source and by means of reading, experience and observation he 
has become a well informed man. For many years he has successfully 
engaged in farming and stock-raising, and is now the owner of two valuable 
farms. The larger, comprising two hundred and seventy-eight acres of rich 
land, is situated a mile and a half east of Richmond, while the other, of 
sixty-three acres, is three miles southeast of Richmond, and both are in 
Wayne township. Thus conveniently near the city, Mr. Scott gives to them 
his personal supervision and derives from the property a very desirable 
income. For a number of years he has successfully and extensively engaged 
in the raising and selling of stock, and being an excellent judge of stock he 
makes judicious purchases and profitable sales. His business interests, how- 
ever, have not been confined to one line of endeavor. He is a man of resource- 



114 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ful ability and lias been an active factor in the successful control of some of 
Richmond's leading enterprises. He is a stockholder in the Richmond Nat- 
ural Gas Company, and also in the Second National Bank, and through 
•these avenues adds materially to his income. 

In marriage Mr. Scott was united with Miss Rachel, a daughter of John 
S. and Rachel (Thorne) Brown, the wedding being celebrated May 3, 188S. 
They became the parents of four children, namely: Thomas H., now 
deceased; Andrew F., Martha Mabel and Ruth Eloise, all at home. The 
family is one of prominence in Richmond, and their home is the center of a 
•cultured societ}^ circle. 

In his political views Mr. Scott is a Democrat, but aside from casting an 
intelligent ballot in support of the principles of his party he takes little part 
in political affairs. At all times and in all places he commands the respect 
of his fellow townsmen by his upright life, and in the history of the county 
he well deserves representation. 

His father-in-law, John S. Brown, deceased, was born in New Jersey in 
i8i2, and in 1819 was taken to Preble county, Ohio, by the family in their 
•emigration to that point. After growing up he became a successful farmer, 
^buying the old home farm of six hundred acres, where Mrs. Scott was brought 
■up. She was the youngest of nine children, eight of whom are still living. 
Mr. Brown was especially successful in the rearing of live stock, practically 
carrying out the maxim, "The best is none too good." For about eight 
years he was connected with a firm in Richmond engaged in packing pork. 
In his religious views he was liberal, not connected with any church, though 
by birthright a Friend. In 1836 he married Rachel Thorne, a native of New 
Jersey, who was engaged in school-teaching before her marriage. She was 
an active member of the Hicksite Friends' meeting, and was a clerk of the 
-meeting at her death in 1856. Mr. Brown died in 1879. 

HEZEKIAH GRUBB. 

Jackson township, Fayette county, Indiana, includes among its repre- 
■seiitative farmers and respected citizens Hezekiah Grubb, whose postoffice 
address is Everton. 

Mr. Grubb is a native of the township in which he now lives, and was 
born December 15, 1844, son of Joseph and Mary (Myers) Grubb. Joseph 
'Grubb was a Virginian. He was born in 1815, and when two years old was 
'brought by his parents to Indiana, their location being in Union county, 
where his boyhood days were spent, up to the time he was fifteen, in assisting 
•in the farm work. At that age he commenced working at the carpenter's 
itrade in Fayette county, which trade he followed until he was thirty. He 
^was married in Jackson township, Fayette county. Industrious and econo- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 115 

mical, he prospered in his undertakings and when a young man invested in 
land in Decatur county. Afterward he disposed of that property and bought 
farm land in Jackson township, Fayette county, from time to time making 
additional purchases until he was the owner of eight hundred acres, which he 
divided among his children. The latter part of his life was spent in retire- 
ment at his homestead, where he died in the year 1892. His wife died 
in 1876. He was a broad-minded, well-posted man, interested in the public 
affairs of his locality but never seeking office or notoriety. Politically, he 
was a Republican. In his early life he was a Universalist in his belief, but 
later he identified himself with the Methodist church, of which he was a con- 
sistent member at the time of his death. Generous, genial and hospitable, — 
possessing in a measure the characteristics of the best pioneer element, — 
he was held in high esteem by the community in which he lived. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Mary Myers, was of German parentage. Little is 
known of her family history except that her parents were early settlers of 
Fayette county, were Christian people and passed their lives on a farm. In 
the Myers family were six children: Abraham, Mrs. Catherine Bloomfield, 
Mrs. Sarah Mcllwain, John, Henry and Mrs. Mary Grubb. John and Mary 
Grubb had a family composed of the following members: John, of Dearborn 
county, Indiana; Hezekiah, whose name introduces this sketch; Theodore, of 
Jackson township, Fayette county; Nancy, wife of William Casto; Rachael, 
wife of G. McLain; Indiana, wife of G. Myers; and Winfield and Marion, both 
farmers of Jackson township, Fayette county. 

Hezekiah Grubb was reared on his father's farm and was educated in the 
public school near his home, and in time came into possession of a portion of 
his father's estate, where he now lives. After his marriage, in 1865, he went 
to Rush county, where he spent one )'ear, at the end of that time returning 
to this place. Since 1869 he has occupied his present home. He has been 
engaged in farming all his life, and each season since 1888 has owned and 
run a threshing machine, doing a profitable business in this line. 

Mr. Grubb is a Republican and takes an intelligent interest in all polit- 
ical matters. Since 1894 he has been trustee of Jackson township, giving 
careful attention to the affairs of this office and filling the same to the entire 
satisfaction of all concerned. 

He was married, in 1865, to Miss Sarah Hood, who was born in Colum- 
bia township, Fayette county, Indiana, May 19, 1849, daughter of George 
and Susanna (Jones) Hood, who came from Tennessee to Indiana at an early 
day. Mr. Hood improved a farm in Fayette county and here passed the rest 
of his life and died, his death occurring in 1886. He was a son of Robert 
Hood, a native of Virginia, who moved to Tennessee, thence to Kentucky 
and later to Indiana. For many years he ran a fiat-boat to New Orleans 



116 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

He was in the war of 1812 and took part in the battle at which Tecumseh 
was killed. His children were George, father of Mrs. Grubb; Samuel, a 
resident of Fayette county; Mrs. Martha Maber; Jane, wife of W. Ball; Jack, 
of Fayette county; and Robert, who died in Libby prison during the civil 
war. Following are the names in order of birth of the children of George 
and Susanna Hood: Mrs. Mary Lyons; Robert, deceased; Sarah, wife of the 
subject of this sketch; Charlotte, wife of T. Brookbank; Jane, wife of W. 
Corbin; Albert, of Fayette county; Samuel, who died, leaving one child; 
Mrs. Laura Mason; Sherman, of Tipton county, Indiana; and John. Mr. 
and Mrs. Grubb have had two children: Adelia, who died at the age of 
eleven years; and Norman, a promising young man, who for the past five 
years has been engaged in teaching school in Fayette county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Grubb and their son are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

WILLIAM F. DOWNS. 

Perhaps no one agency in all the world has done so much for public 
progress as the press, and an enterprising, well edited journal is a most 
important factor in promoting the welfare and prosperity of any community. 
It adds to the intelligence of the people through its transmission of foreign 
and domestic news and through its discussion of the leading issues and ques- 
tions of the day, and more than that, it makes the town or city which it rep- 
resents known outside of the immediate locality, as it is sent each day or 
week into other districts, carrying with it an account of the events transpir- 
ing in its home locality, the advancement and progress there being made, and 
the advantages which it offers to its residents along moral, educational, social 
and commercial lines. Connersville is certainly indebted to its wide-awake 
journals in no small degree, and the subject of this review is the editor of two 
excellent newspapers of that city, — The Connersville Times and the Daily 
News. Throughout his entire life he has been connected with journalistic 
work, and his power as a writer and editor is widely acknowledged among 
contemporaneous journalists. 

One of Indiana's native sons, William F. Downs was born in Anderson, 
Madison county, December 25, 1854, his parents being Hezekiah and Ruth 
Ann (Chase) Downs. The family is of Irish lineage, and the grandfather of 
our subject, Thomas Downs, was a native of Maryland. In 1800 he removed 
to Fleming county, Kentucky, and in that state married Ruth House. Sub- 
sequently he came to Indiana, making his home in Rush county. He followed 
farming as a life work. Hezekiah Downs, who was one of a family of three 
sons and two daughters, was born in Kentucky in 18 18, and was a lad of 
twelve years when he accompanied his parents on their removal to Rush 
county. He, too, was a farmer by occupation, and spent the greater part 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 117 

of his life in Madison county, Indiana, but in 1862 came with his family to 
Connersville, where his death occurred in 1882, when he had attained the 
age of sixty-four years. His wife passed away in 1881. 

William Francis Downs was a lad of eight summers when he came with 
his parents to Connersville, and with the interests of the city he has since 
been identified. He acquired his education in the public schools of Anderson 
and Connersville, supplementing it with a course in the "poor man's college," 
the printing office. He early entered upon his journalistic career, and prac- 
tical experience has made him familiar with the business in every department, 
as gradually he has worked his way upward through successive stages to the 
editorial sanctum. He put aside his text-books in the spring of 1868, and on. 
the 9th of November of that year, when a youth of thirteen, he entered the 
employ of A. M. & G. M. Sinks, publishers of the Connersville Times, little 
realizing then that he would one day be the editor of the same journal. Seven 
years passed during which time he served as compositor and afterward as 
foreman of the mechanical department, and in July, 1875, he purchased the 
Times in conjunction with John A. James, continuing its publication for two 
years, when they sold out to Charles N. Sinks. He afterward did local work 
on the paper, but in 1880, in connection with John C. O'Chiltree, he again 
purchased the journal and was connected with it as one of the editors and 
proprietors untili 882. He then again sold his interest and for two and a 
half years thereafter was city editor of The Examiner. On the expiration of 
that period he became city editor of the Times, filling that position until 
June, 1887. During all these years his original methods of execution, his 
great facility of perception, his correct and spirited grasp of affairs, all com- 
bined to give individuality to his style, bringing him instant recognition not 
only at home but also in the field of contemporaneous journalism. 

In 1887 Mr. Downs extended the field of his labors through the publica- 
tion of the Daily News, the first successful daily of the city. It made its 
first appearance on the gth of June of that year, entering upon what has 
proved to be a most prosperoqs existence. His long experience in the field 
of journalism enabled him to successfully launch the new venture, and so 
guide its course, that, passing the rocks of disaster, it reached the untroubled 
sea. In the enterprise he was associated with Mrs. Hull, who owned a half- 
interest in the paper. The plant was located in the Huston building, and 
from there removed to the National Bank building. On the 20th of Septem- 
ber, 1892, the News was consolidated with the Connersville Times, the paper 
being then owned by J. W. Schackelford, Delia Smith (now Mrs. Hull), and 
W. F. Downs. The last named has remained as the editor of both journals. 
Mr. Schackelford disposed of his interest to J. H. Tatman, and the local work 
•was under the superintendence of Bernal Tatman until August, 1895, when 



118 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Mr. Tatman sold his third interest to Mr. Downs and Mrs. Hull, but in the 
spring of 1896 he purchased the latter's half interest. Though changes have 
occurred in ownership, the News has ever remained the same, save for the 
continued improvement that is being made. As ils name indicates, it is pub- 
lished daily, and is a bright, entertaining journal, devoted to the promotion 
of local interests and to the support of the Republican party. The Conners- 
ville Times is a weekly paper, a six-column, eight-page journal, and both 
have a large circulation and a splendid advertising patronage. The office and 
plant owned by the company are most complete, being equipped with the 
latest improved presses and machinery for turning out the highest grade of 
newspaper and job work. That the enterprising city of Connersville is well 
represented by these journals is a fact beyond dispute, and in journalistic 
circles throughout the state the editor, W. F. Downs, holds an enviable 
position. 

Mr. Downs was married December 25, 1S94, to Miss Helen Carpenter, 
of Sturgis, Michigan, and they now have two children. Halo and Talcott 
Chase. In all of the affairs of the city which tend to the promotion of its 
welfare Mr. Downs has ever manifested a zealous and active interest, his voice 
and pen being used in influence of their support In 1884 his fellow towns- 
men gave evident appreciation of his worth by electing him to the office of 
city clerk, and so acceptably did he discharge his duties that he was re-elected 
in 1886 and again in 1888, serving for six consecutive years. In 1890 he was 
elected mayor and again chosen to administer the affairs of the city in 1892. 
His service was one of much benefit to the city, many needed reforms being 
secured and many progressive measures being adopted. In politics he is a 
most ardent Republican. He has been secretary of the Fair Association, and 
at all times is the advocate of the movements that are intended for the public 
good. Socially he is connected with Warren Lodge, No. 15, F. & A. M. 
and has taken the degrees of capitular and chivalric Masonry. He is also a 
member of the Otonka Tribe, No. 94, I. O. R. M., and of the Modern Wood- 
men of America. In manner he is courteous and genial, and among the 
people with whom he has been so long connected he is very popular. 

JAMES H. WALKER. 
This well known agriculturist and highly esteemed citizen of Washing- 
ton township is a worthy representative of one of the honored pioneer fami- 
lies of Wayne county, being a son of John B. and Susan (Sinks) Walker, 
natives of Tennessee and Ohio, respectively. The maternal grandfather, 
Jacob Sinks, came to this county from Ohio, about 1818, and located on 
land adjoining the new village of Milton, which his wife's father, Mr. Yount, 
had entered from the government. He improved a part of the land for farm- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 119 

ing purposes, and platted a portion, laying out about a fourth of the town of 
Milton into lots, which he sold. He built the first gristmill at that place, 
which was burned a number of years ago. Lated he added a sawmill to that 
structure, the power being obtained by damming the Whitewater river. He 
was a very enterprising and public-spirited man, whose services were of ines- 
timable value to the new country, and he did all in his power to promote the 
interests of Milton, takmg a foremost place in any movement for the benefit 
of his adopted town or county. He built many of the residences of Milton, 
and continued to make that place his home until his death. He was a con- 
sistent member of the Society of Friends, was a man of stern integrity and 
honor, and was highly esteemed by his fellow citizens. He had four chil- 
dren: Daniel; Anna; Susan, mother of our subject; and Jacob, all of whom 
are now deceased. 

John B. Walker, the father of our subject, was a blacksmith and wood- 
worker by trade, and was an expert mechanic. He came to Milton in iSi8, 
and was soon afterward joined by his brother and sister. Seeing the need of 
agricultural implements in this new country, and both being good mechanics, 
the brothers soon embarked in the manufacture of plows, for which there was 
a great demand, and now many of the old men, who were then boys, say 
that the first plow they used was made by Walker & Brother. They are also 
willing to testify to the honest work done by the firm, and the honorable way 
in which they conducted all their blacksmithing and woodwork business, 
which, they continued for many years. The father of our subject also 
engaged in farming, and was a great fancier of fine horses. He probably did 
more than any other individual in early days to improve the grade of horses 
in this county, and owned several fine stallions. He bought a small tract of 
land adjoining the corporation of Milton, erected thereon a commodious resi- 
dence, and there spent the remainder of his days, dying November 4, 1852. 
On coming to Milton he was a Methodist, but finally became converted to 
the Christian church, and was ever afterward one of its devoted and leading 
members. He was a man of high integrity, was honorable in all his deal- 
ings, and in all respects his life was most exemplary. Politically he was a 
Whig. His wife survived him for many years, and died on the old home- 
stead, at Milton, June 26, 1880. She, too, was a consistent member of the 
Christian church, and was loved and respected by all who knew her. Their 
children were Sarah C, who died at the age of twelve years; Jacob S., who 
died in 1880, leaving a wife and five children; Mary A., wife of J. McNamee; 
and James H., our subject. 

James H. Walker was born in Milton, April 13, 1851, and was only an 
infant When his father died. He was reared at the old home by a good 
Christian mother, who tenderly cared for him, and he was educated in the 



120 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

local schools. He was always engaged in agricultural pursuits, and also in 
teaming to some extent, and he now owns a good farm besides the sixteen- 
acre tract at the old home. The house built b}' his father in 1837 is an 
elegant structure and is still well preserved. 

In 1880 Mr. Walker wedded Miss Mary C. Macy, who belongs to a 
prominent early family of Jay county, Indiana. Her parents, Obed and 
Mary (White) Macy. were natives of North Carolina, and with their respective 
parents came to Jay county, where their marriage was celebrated. The 
father, who is a carpenter by trade, now resides in Adams county, Indiana, 
an honored and highly respected citizen of that locality. Politically, he is 
a Democrat, and religiously adheres to the faith of the Society of Friends. 
His wife died when Mrs. Walker was very young. The latter was born 
April 16, 1856, and is an only child. Mr. and Mrs. Walker have one 
daughter, Carrie S., born May 30, 1884. Mother and daughter are con- 
sistent members of the Methodist church, and the family is both widely and 
favorably known. Politically, Mr. Walker is a stanch Republican, and 
though I e takes an active interest in all public questions and political affairs 
he has never aspired to office. 

JOHN FREDERICK HAMAN. 

We pause a moment in the whir and flurry of this work-a-day world to 
pay a j^assing tribute to one who rounded out nearly a half century of 
honorable life and then passed to his reward. He was born at Brookville, 
Indiana, which was his home also in later years, on June 21, 1846, and was a 
son of Martin and Magdalene Haman. He remained in this vicinity until the 
death of his father, in his boyhood, when he went to Kentucky, where a bet- 
ter opportunity was offered in the unequal struggle for a livelihood. His 
work received his close attention, little time being given for pleasure or even 
rest, and he early developed a power of endurance and a persistent energy 
which was one of the chief characteristics of his life and enabled him to 
accomplish wonderful results in his business. 

Having engaged in business in his native village, after arriving at man- 
hood, he was married on January 6, 1870, to Mar}' Higgs, by whom he had 
two sons, George and John. His second marriage was contracted with Miss 
Amelia Mueller, a daughter of Charles and Sarah (Lodhtholtz) Mueller. The 
former is now in his seventieth year and is a resident of Milton, Indiana. 
Her mother died in 1873, at the age of forty-seven. The wedded life of Mr. 
and Mrs. Haman was a most felicitous one, extending over a period of nearlj' 
seventeen years. 

Concerning his deep religious convictions and the purity of his life we 
insert the following tribute taken from one of the local papers and written 




^ohn J'. J^aman. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 121 

by one who knew him intimately: "By the influence of his wife, who, by 
her devotion and affection and by the high standard of her pure and noble 
womanhood, cultivated and fostered the innate, sterling qualities of her hus- 
band, and through the instrumentality of a revival among the German Meth- 
odists, Mr. Haman was led to unite with that church on probation. He 
was very much interested in the work of the church, and as long as there 
was a prospect for success he was the main support and contributed all that 
a willing heart and hand can do. During his illness he was admitted to full 
membership in the Methodist church. 

"His life furnishes us an example worthy of emulation. In dealing 
with mankind his word was his bond. Deceit never entered into any trans- 
action. One glance of his frank and unflinching eye; one word, spoken with 
sincerity, carried conviction. His plain, blunt, rugged honesty; his open- 
hearted and reserved manner; without guile, undisguised and unaffected, is 
to us a sweet and lasting memory. More admirable still was the sympathy 
and fellow-feeling which he extended to all. How many good turns, how 
many kind offices he performed. With him truly the ' quality of mercy' was 
not strained. It fell as the ' gentle dew from heaven ' upon the place 
beneath. All shared alike in his generosity, unstinted if the object was 
worthy, and his keen, quick, sharp intelligence quickly detected the alloy. 
But more beautiful still was his ideal of a Christian life, — and how uncon- 
sciously did he exemplify it ! With what childlike faith did he cling to his 
Savior during his illness. His lips often moved, and when the patient attend- 
ant at his side inquired for his wishes, he replied: 'Nothing; I'm only talk- 
ing to the Lord.' When pain racked his fevered frame, the name of Jesus 
was on his lips. The visitors to his bedside were many, and as long as speech 
remained he exhorted all to surrender their hearts to Christ, and he was no 
doubt the instrument in God's hands to cause many a fellow being to think 
seriously of his soul's salvation. He died peacefully, at 12:45, Friday morn- 
ing, January 5, 1894, retaining consciousness to the last. Shortly before his 
decease, songs and prayers were offered, and, although too exhausted to 
speak, he gave testimony by a nod of his head and by the brightening of his 
eyes of his faith in the cleansing power of the blood of our Lord Jesus, and of 
his desire to meet the Savior in a better land." 

JONATHAN ROBERTS. 
The specific history of the west was made by the pioneers; it was 
emblazoned on the forest trees by the strength of sturdy arms and gleaming 
ax, and written on the surface of the earth by the track of the primitive plow. 
These were strong men and true who came to found the empire of the west 
— these hardy settlers who builded their rude domiciles, grappled with the 



122 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

giants of the forest, and from the sylvan wilds evolved the fertile and pro- 
ductive fields which have these many years been furrowed and refurrowed by 
the plowshare. The red man, in his motly garb, stalked through the dim, 
woody avenues, and the wild beasts disputed his dominion. The trackless 
prairie was made to yield its tribute under the effective endeavors of the 
pioneer, and slowly but surely were laid the steadfast foundations upon which 
has been builded the magnificent superstructure of an opulent and enlightened 
commonwealth. To establish a home amid such surroundings, and to cope 
with the many privations and hardships which were the inevitable concomi- 
tants, demanded an invincible courage and fortitude. Strong hearts and willing 
hands. All those were characteristics of the pioneers, whose names and 
deeds should be held in perpetual reverence b}' those who enjoy the fruits of 
their toil. 

The Roberts family was one of the first to locate in Wayne county, and 
Jonathan Roberts, only three years of age at the time of their arrival, is 
therefore numbered among the honored pioneers who have not only witnessed 
the remarkable growth and transformation of the region, but have been 
important factors in its progress and advancement. He was born in Butler 
county, Ohio, May 30, 1808, his parents being Thomas and Ann (Whitson) 
Roberts. The father was born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, January 8, 
1759, and was a son of Walter Roberts, who was a native of the same county 
and was of Welsh descent. He removed with his family to South Carolina, 
and after attaining his majority Thomas Roberts was married in that state to 
Ann Whitson, who was a native of Long Island. They became the parents 
of eight children, all of whom were born in South Carolina, with the excep- 
tion of our subject. In 1806 they removed with their family to Preble 
county, Ohio, and the same year Thomas Roberts came to Wayne county, 
where he entered a quarter-section of wild government land, and in March, 
18 1 1, with his wife and seven children, moved onto the place. One of his 
daughters had married previously to that date. The father had erected a 
small log cabin in the woods at what is now the northeast corner of South 
Thirteenth and A streets and began the development of his farm, all of which 
is now within the corporation limits of the city. He first cleared a small 
patch of ground, fenced it in with brush and planted it with turnips. The only 
people then living in Richmond were Jeremiah Cox and John Smith, who had 
previously entered land now included within the corporate limits of the city. 
In 1 81 2 Thomas Roberts built a hewed-log house on his farm, — one of the 
best residences in this section of the country, and for many years it stood 
as one of the landmarks of the region, indicating the onward march of 
progress. 

For about thirty years Thomas Roberts lived upon his farm, and was 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 12S- 

then called to the home beyond, September 25, 1840, at the age of eighty- 
three years. His wife survived him only a few days, passing away on the 
28th of October of the same year. Both were members of the Society of 
Friends. Their children were Rebecca, who became the wife of Nathan 
Hawkins, but both are now deceased; Walter, who died in Dover, Wayne 
county; David, who died in Richmond; Phoebe, who became the wife of 
Henry Hawkins and is now deceased, as is her husband; Sarah, wife of Will- 
iam Whitacre; Thomas and Solomon W., who also have passed away; and 
Jonathan, who is the only survivor of the family. 

Jonathan Roberts was reared under the parental roof and in the midst 
of the wild scenes of pioneer life, and early began to perform his share in the 
arduous task of clearing and developing a new farm. His education was 
acquired in the subscription schools, but his advantages in that direction 
were not very ample. After entering upon an independent business career 
he followed farming for some years, and at one time was the owner of a val- 
uable tract of land, eighty acres, and also seven residences in Richmond. 
He has bought and sold real estate to a considerable extent, and in his trans- 
actions has met with a creditable and gratifying success, gaining a comfort- 
able competence that has enabled him to live retired for the past ten years. 
He is now enjoying a rest which he has truly earned, for his business career 
was one of activity, honesty and usefulness. On the 28th of January, 1831, 
Mr. Roberts was united in marriage to Miss Mary Smith, daughter of Jairus 
and Aves Smith, who had formerly hved in New York. Four children were 
born of this union: Aves, wife of W. S. Elliott, a farmer residing near 
Kokomo, Howard county, Indiana; Eli, who is living with his father, and is 
engaged in the operation of a farm; Elvira, deceased wife of Josiah Philips; 
and Henry S., an agriculturist of Wayne township, Wayne county. The 
mother of this family died August i, 1888, at the age of seventy-eight years, 
four months and five days. In his political affiliations in early life Mr. Rob- 
erts was a Whig. He has always been a member of the Society of Friends, 
and has served as elder for twelve years. His father also held the same 
office in the church and the family has long been connected with the organi- 
zation. 

Mr. Roberts has spent almost his entire life in this county; has seen the 
introduction of the railroad, the telegraph, the telephone; has watched the 
transformation of wild land into beautiful homes and farms, while towns and 
villages have sprung up and have become imbued with all the progress and 
advancement of the east. In the work of growth and upbuilding he has ever 
borne his part, has been honorable in business, loyal in friendship, faithful 
in citizenship, and now in his declining days can look back over the past 
with little occasion for regret. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



JOHN M. WESTCOTT. 

The pionaers of a country, the founders of a business, the originators of 
any undertaking that will promote the material welfare or advance the edu- 
cational, social and moral influence of a community, deserve the gratitude of 
humanity. One of the most important factors in the upbuilding of Richmond 
is the Hoosier Drill Works, an extensive enterprise that has brought success 
not alone to the stockholders, but has also added to the general prosperity 
by furnishing employment to many workmen and thus promoting commercial 
activity. The man who stands at the head of this concern, John M. West- 
cott, is also connected with other leading enterprises of Richmond, and at 
all times is a public-spirited, progressive citizen whose support is never with- 
held from measures that tend to advance the public good. 

Mr. Westcott is a native of Indiana, his birth having occurred in Union 
county in 1834. His parents were Henry and Sarah (Dyche) Westcott, the 
former a native of New Jersey, of English descent, and the latter a native of 
Kentucky, of German descent. Their marriage was celebrated in Warren 
county, Ohio, and in 1832 they became residents of Union county, Indiana. 
Their family numbered four children, Ruth E. , George H., John M. and 
Jennie M. 

At his parental home the subject of this review was reared to manhood 
and in the public schools near his home he acquired his education. His early 
experiences were those common to frontier settlements, and with the progress 
and development of Indiana he has long been actively identified. In the early 
part of his business career he was engaged in the dry-goods trade, and on 
abandoning merchandising he dealt in grain and feed, his capable manage- 
ment and well directed energies bringing him desirable success. In 1862 Mr. 
Westcott removed to Richmond, where he engaged in the grain and feed 
trade until he became identified with the industrial interests of the city in 
1872. In that year he became a stockholder in the Hoosier Drill Works, 
then located in Milton, Indiana, and for some time thereafter devoted his 
entire attention to that business. Believing that it could be made a very 
paying investment, he secured a controlling interest by purchasing the stock 
of Isaac Kinsey, and since that time, by his business and executive ability, 
his keen discrimination and unflagging industry, he has made the Hoosier 
Drill Works a most paying enterprise. In the spring of 1878 the company 
purchased the ground on which the present works are located and erected the 
buildings the following summer. About the time Mr. Westcott became the 
heaviest stockholder of the concern, Omar Hollingsworth also became a part- 
ner, and since that time J. A. Carr and F. A. Wilke, his other sons-in-law, 
have become partners, and the entire business is now in control of the family, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 125 

with John M. Westcott as its president; Omar Hollingsworth, treasurer; 
James A. Carr, vice-president, and Burton J. Westcott, secretary. They 
have the largest plant in the world manufacturing exclusively seeding 
machines, and the annual output is worth one million dollars. The seeders 
are sold all over the world, and in the works four hundred men are employed. 

John M. Westcott is a man of resourceful ability, whose energies have 
by no means been confined to one line. In the spring of 1883 he purchased 
forty feet of ground on Main street, between Seventh and Eighth streets, and 
erected thereon a four-story brick business block, with a stone front. It is 
finished in modern style, heated with steam and supplied with all accessories 
and conveniences that are found in first-class business houses. He is the chief 
owner of the Westcott Hotel, of Richmond, which was projected in 1892 by the 
Commercial Club, of which J. M. Westcott was then president, and in whose 
honor it was named. To his public spirit, enterprise and liberality is due the 
fact that Richmond now has the finest hotel in the state. The amount 
originally subscribed was one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, of which 
one hundred and ten thousand was subscribed by Mr. Westcott. He is at all 
times most liberal in support of any movement which will benefit the city, and 
with most generous hand gives of his means for the promotion of a worthy 
cause. He is the owner of some valuable real estate, including a fine stock 
farm of five thousand acres in Dickinson county, Kansas, the greater part of 
the land being under a high method of cultivation. His farm of two hundred 
and twenty-five acres, located in Center township, Wayne county, is devoted 
to the raising of fine-bred horses and imported Shetland ponies. 

In 1855 Mr. Westcott was united in marriage to Miss Carrie Mitchell, a 
native of Warren county, Ohio, and at that time a resident of Wayne county, 
Indiana. They are now the parents of seven children: Alice C, wife of 
Omar Hollingsworth; Lucilla B., wife of J. A. Carr; Jennie M., wife of F. A. 
Wilke; Charles G., Burton J., Harry M. and Maude Evelyn. In 1880 Mr. 
Westcott purchased an entire block, bounded by Main, South A, Fourteenth 
and Sixteenth streets, which had already been laid out with walks and drives, 
and immediately began the improvement of the property. The second year 
he erected a large brick residence, and since then three other residences have 
been added, one for each son-in-law. The grounds are spacious and well 
kept, adorned with shrubs and flowering plants and shaded by beautiful trees. 
Hospitality characterizes the Westcott home, and the household is the center 
of a cultured society circle. 

Socially, Mr. Westcott is connected with Whitewater Lodge, No. 41, I. 
O. O. F. Since 1849 he has held membership relations with the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and to all moral, educational and social interests he is a 
liberal contributor, doing all in his power to benefit and elevate humanity. 



126 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

He feels a personal interest in the men in his employ and in times of sickness 
or trouble they find in him a faithful friend. His business career has been 
crowned with. a well merited success. He has made good use of his oppor- 
tunities and has prospered from year to year, conducting all business matters 
carefully and systematically, and in all his acts displaying an aptitude for suc- 
cessful management. He has not permitted the accumulation of a fortune to 
affect in any way his actions toward those less fortunate than he, and has 
always a cheerful word and a pleasant smile for those with whom he comes 
in contact. 

SAMUEL G. DUGDALE. 

The honored subject of this memoir was at one time closely identified 
with the business interests of Richmond, Indiana, being one of her most 
prominent and influential merchants. He was very successful in his business 
and had lived a retired life several years previously to his death. His parents 
were Benjamin and Hannah (Kaighn) Dugdale, to whom he was born in 
Trenton, New Jersey, June 2, 182 1. His mother was a native of that state, 
and his father came to New Jersey from Mount Melick, Ireland, and moved 
to Richmond in 1837, with a family of four children, of whom Samuel was 
the youngest. The father was a tanner by trade, but followed that business 
only a few years and then engaged in the drug business, first in Trenton and 
later in this city, and was succeeded by his sons, James, Thomas and Samuel. 
Mrs. Dugdale departed this life in 1842, and her husband followed her eight 
years later. Thomas soon retired from the business, leaving James and Sam- 
uel to continue it as Dugdale & Company. Some time in 1849 they dis- 
posed of the stock. 

Samuel G. Dugdale then embarked in the confectionery, notion and 
wall-paper business, carrying it on until 1871. In 1879 betook up his resi- 
dence in the country near this city, and lived in retirement until 1892, when 
he was stricken with paralysis and he once more moved to Richmond, where 
he passed away December 28, 1897. He was quite prominent in fraternal 
circles. He was made an Odd Fellow in White Water Lodge, No. 41, and 
became a member of the Oriental Encampment in 1862; he was also a mem- 
ber of the grand lodge of Indiana. He was twice married, his first wife 
being Miss Susanna Downing, sister of the late H. R. Downing, a leading 
undertaker of this city. Their nuptials were solemnized in 1848 and resulted 
in the birth of two children, George B. and Horace L. , both deceased. Mr. 
Dugdale then led to the altar Miss Emma E. Salter, of Richmond, in 1859, 
and their home was blessed by the advent of a daughter, Emma L. , who 
makes her home with her mother in Richmond. 

Mrs. Dugdale is a lady of culture and refinement, and is the daughter of 
a physician, Dr. James W. Salter, whose name is held in affectionate remem- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 127 

brance by the older residents in this community. He was born in Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, January 29, 1808, and was a son of William and Han- 
nah (Wilson) Salter. William Salter was born in England and came to this 
country in 1806, locating first in Philadelphia, where he followed his trade 
of a printer. He was a Quaker in his religious affiliation, and founded and 
published "The Friend," a paper devoted to the interests of the Society of 
Friends. He married Hannah Wilson, of that state, where he remained but 
a short time, then returning to Philadelphia and resuming the publi- 
cation of "The Friend." His wife died in Philadelphia in 1838, and 
three years later he cams to Richmond with his family, where he died 
on March ist of the following year. 

Dr. Salter entered a drug store in Philadelphia when eleven years old, 
and made his own way through life from that time. He became familiar 
with the use of drugs, and at the age of eighteen took up the study of medi- 
cine under Doctor Snow, of Philadelphia. In 1830 he graduated from the 
Jefferson Medical College and located on what was then known as "Fox 
Chase, " since a part of Philadelphia. He remained there two years and 
October 4, 1832, was united in marriage with Miss Caroline L. Pyle, of Phil- 
adelphia, and four years later removed to Richmond, Indiana. He was 
the third physician to locate here, the others being Drs. Warren and Plum- 
mer. He soon became very popular, and built up a large practice. In 
1842 he moved onto a farm on the Elk Horn, near Richmond, and gave up 
a. large practice, but was iuduced to take it up again in 1849, when the chol- 
era broke out, and traveled almost night and day in his endeavors to relieve 
the afflicted. He was untiring in his efforts, and many families had reason 
to bless his ministrations. About 1866 he purchased the Weekly Telegram, 
Richmond, which paper he edited and conducted for a few years, when he 
sold the property and finally retired once more from active life, his death 
occurring August 21, 1886, in Topeka, Kansas, where he had located two 
years before his death. His wife passed away May 21, 1869. Mrs. Dug- 
dale was one of seven children left to perpetuate his memory. 

HORACE L. HURST. 

Horace L. Hurst, a well known citizen residing five miles north of Con- 
nersville, Indiana, belongs to the third generation of the Hurst family in this 
state, a family whose identification with Indiana dates back to territorial 
days, when this country was almost an unbroken forest. 

John Hurst, the grandfather of Horace L. , was born in Maryland in 
1 78 1, of Irish descent, and in that state, in 1802, was married to Elizabeth 
Marshall. Shortly after his marriage, with his wife and his brother Benedict, 
he started for what was then called the Western Reserve. His wife's father 



128 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

had given her a horse. The young husband arranged a pack saddle into 
which he placed their worldly goods, and with his wife on the horse, he and 
his brother walking, they started on their journey. In this way they traveled, 
stopping wherever night overtook them, on the plains or in the mountains, 
and they continued westward until his small amount of money was exhausted, 
this occurring near Hamilton, Ohio. There John Hurst sought employment. 
About the only kind of work to be found was clearing and rail-splitting. 
Hard work, however, had no terrors for him. He took contracts for both 
himself and brother, and together they worked early and late. In 1804 his 
wife gave birth to a child, and two years later another child was born to 
them. By 1807 he had accumulated a little sum, besides having supplied 
the meagre wants of his little family, and that year they pushed further 
west, coming over into Indiana and making a permanent location in what 
afterward became Wayne county. He selected first an eighty-acre tract of 
land on Nolan's Fork, built a rude cabin, and as soon as possible got his 
family comfortably located. When the land was placed on the market he 
entered same and, as after years showed, made a wise selection. Then he 
commenced in earnest the work of developing his land and making a home. 
Soon he had a few acres under cultivation, and never from thai time on did 
his family want for the necessaries of life, and ere many years had come and 
gone he was able to provide them with some of the luxuries alscj. As soon 
as he got his land opened up he began raising corn and hogs, finding a market 
at Cincinnati, and later he dealt largely in stock, driving to the Cincinnati 
market. In his earnest efforts to make a home and accumulate a compe- 
tency on the frontier, Mr. Hurst was ably assisted by his good wife, who was 
a helpmate in the truest sense of that word. She, too, worked early and 
late to clothe and feed her family. In those days the spinning and weaving 
for the family were all done in the home. Both Mr. Hurst and his wife were 
noted for their hospitality and generosity, friend and stranger receiving a 
welcome at their door, and the needy were never turned away empty-handed. 
Mr. Hurst kept pace with the progress of the new settlement, or, rather, 
kept in advance of it, for he was always the first to give his support to any 
improvement or new invention. The first cooking stove in the community 
was bought for his house and in his parlor was placed the first ingrain carpet 
of the neighborhood. These "luxuries" came after the old cabin had 
vanished and a commodious frame house had taken its place. As the years 
passed by and his prosperity increased, he invested in more land, until his 
estate comprised two thousand acres of the best land in Wayne county. 
Hard work and exposure in all kinds of weather shortened his days, how- 
ever, and he died in May, 1838, in the fifty-seventh year of his age. His 
wife survived him until November 5, 1850. She had been twice married. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 12& 

her first husband, a Mr. Marshall, having died shortly after their marriage. 
The record of her children, all by Mr. Hurst, is as follows, the first two 
having been born in Ohio, the others in Indiana: Cyntha, December 8, 1804; 
Benedict, December 11, 1806; Bennett, December 8, 1808; Sanford, April 
5, 181 1 ; Belinda, December 7, 1812; Marshall, February 13, 1814; Isaac, 
February 5, 1817; Anna, born April 11, 1819, died young; Dickson, Decem- 
ber 7, 1 821; twins, Elijah and Silva (wife of Robert Watts), October 24, 
1824; and Mary E. (wife of John Orr), July 12, 1827. John Hurst, though 
never aspiring to political honors, was a stanch Democrat, and to this party 
his descendants, with few exceptions, have given their support. 

Dickson Hurst, the father of Horace L., grew to manhood on his father's 
farm, and after his marriage settled in the same neighborhood. He cleared 
a:nd improved a farm and devoted his life to Carrying forward the work inau- 
gurated by his father. He was largely interested in the stock business, his- 
favorite stock being horses, and, like his father, he found a market at Cin- 
cinnati. He inherited the many sterling characteristics of his worthy sire and, 
like him, had the confidence and respect of the entire community. His act- 
ive and useful career was cut off in its very prime, death calling him away in 
1856, in the thirty-fifth year of his age. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Sarah Lewis, left the farm after his death and moved to Milton, where she 
spent the rest of her life, her death occurring in October, 1898. She was a 
consistent member of the Christian church for many years. Her parents 
were Caleb and Mary (Willis) Lewis, the former a native of Virginia and the 
latter of Ohio. Caleb Lewis was a son of George and Leah (Viney) Lewis,, 
who passed their lives and died in the Old Dominion, both being representa- 
tives of old Virginia families. Their children were Caleb, John, Charles,. 
Leah and Attie. Caleb Lewis came to Indiana at an early day and located 
at Centerville, where he clerked and taught school prior to his marriage and 
afterward turned his attention to farming. For a few years he farmed on a 
small place south of Centerville. Selling that farm, he bought a large tract 
of land on Green's Fork, some three hundred acres, on which he lived for 
over forty years, most of his children being born there, and during that long 
period health and prosperity were theirs and there was not a death in his 
family. In their declining years he and his wife retired to Milton, where 
both died, her death occurring August 20, 1869, while he passed away Feb- 
ruary 24, 1870. They were consistent members of the Christian church. 
Caleb Lewis was a man above the ordinary in intelligence and education and 
in the community in which he lived was looked upon as a leader. An ardent 
Republican, he was the choice of his party for a number of local positions of 
trust, which he filled most acceptably, and for two terms he represented his 
county in the Indiana state legislature. The children of Caleb and. Mary 



130 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Lewis were as follows: Levi, who died in Illinois; Vashti, wife of William 
Drury, of Illinois; Lavina, deceased, was the wife of H. Scott; Sarah, 
mother of Horace L. Hurst; Mary, wife of L. Ferguson; William, who died 
in Illinois; Maria, wife of E. Hurst; John M., of Nebraska; Melissa, wife of 
J. Petty; and Minerva, wife of H. Jones. Of the above named, four are yet 
living, and none died under the age of twenty-seven years. Dickson Hurst 
and his wife were blessed with three children, viz. : Alice, the widow of 
Henry M. Gresh; Horace L. , whose name introduces this sketch; and Mary, 
who died in infancy. 

Horace L. Hurst was born at the homestead where he lives, December 
28, 1852, and in his youth had a liberal education. After attending the 
Milton schools he was sent to Earlham College, and he completed his 
studies with a commercial course at Indianapolis. Following in the foot- 
steps of his father and grandfather, he is devoting his energies to agri- 
cultural pursuits and takes rank with the leading and representative farmers 
of the county. He is now in the prime of his activity and usefulness. 
Politically he differs with the majority of his family and since he became a 
voter has given his support to the Republican party. He was recently elected 
to the office of county commissioner, in which responsible position he is now 
■serving, giving general satisfaction as one of the county's financiers. 

Mr. Hurst was married January 8, 1878, to Miss Mary L. Commons, a 
native of Centerville, Indiana. Their happy union has been blessed in the 
birth of two children: Fred C. , born February 23, 1882; and Walter G. , 
January i, 1884. Mrs. Hurst is a member of the Christian church. Her 
family history, briefly outlined, is as follows: 

Isaac L. Commons, her father, is a son of David Commons, who was 
born in Virginia, July 18, 1800, son of RoberfCommons, who came with his 
-family to Indiana in 1812. David Commons became one of the leading 
pioneer farmers of Wayne county and had a prominent and influential part 
in public enterprises. He was one of the promoters of the National road and 
of the Panhandle Railroad. In connection with his farming operations, he 
was largely interested in the stock business, being among the first to introduce 
shorthorn cattle into this part of the country. For years he in all probability 
handled more stock than any other man in eastern Indiana. Politically, he 
was first a Whig and afterward a Republican. His religious training was in 
the Quaker faith, he having a birthright in that church. By his first wife, 
whose maiden name was Rachel Mote, he had two sons, John and Phillip S. 
His first wife dying in 1827, David Commons was subsequeritly married to 
Bethana Carter, who bore him five sons and two daughters, namely: Sarah 
A., wife of Thomas Jordan; William, who died at the age of nineteen years; 
Isaac L. ; Robert D., who served three years in the civil war; Joseph A.; 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 131 

Mary E. , wife of Ira Izor; and Walter S., who is engaged in tfie creamery 
business at Centerville. The father of this family filled such local offices as 
township trustee and county commissioner, and in 1847 and 1848 was elected 
and served as the representative of his county in the state legislature. He 
•died at his old homestead in 1874. Isaac L. Commons married Mary Boyd. 
He moved from Centerville to Milton, Indiana, and thence to Iowa, where 
they lived for nine years and where his daughter Mary L. was married to Mr. 
Hurst. He afterward lived in Anderson, Indiana, and Chicago, Illinois, and 
in 1896 moved to Evansville, Tennessee, where he now resides, engaged in 
small-fruit culture. The children of Isaac L. and Mary Commons were as 
follows: Boyd, deceased, was a railroad engineer; Mary L. ; Caroline, who is 
now the wife of a Mr. Harbeck, resides in Chicago; Robert L. , a resident 
of Chicago; and Dora B., at home. Mrs. Commons is a member of the 
Christian church. The maternal great-great-grandfather of Mrs. Hurst was 
James Boyd. He was a native of Scotland and came to America during the 
colonial period, settling first in Virginia. He was the father of six sons and 
two daughters, and he and one of his sons died in a Tory prison during the 
Revolutionary war. His son Samuel, born in South Carolina, in 1763, 
entered the army at the age of sixteen and came near losing his life by a Tory 
gun, escaping, however, with the loss of one eye. He served to the close of 
the war. In December, 1785, he married Isabell Higgins, a distant relative 
of the poet, Robert Burns. In 1788 they moved to Kentucky, where they 
lived until 181 1, that year coming to the territory of Indiana and settling in 
Wayne county, where he built a rude hut of bark and limbs of trees, on 
Martindale creek, and at that point entered one hundred and sixty acres of 
land and improved a farm. Here he passed the rest of his life, and died in 
1835, at the age of seventy-two years. In 1801, during the Kane revival in 
Kentucky, he was converted, and during the rest of his life was a minister in 
the New-Light church. His wife died October 31, 1852, at the age of eighty- 
eight years. They were the parents of ten children and all except one lived 
to be married and settled as farmers or farmers' wives, in Wayne county. 
Their names in order of birth were James, John, William, Elizabeth, Samuel, 
Laura, Robert, Martha, Mary, Isabell. John Boyd married Susan Scott, 
and they had thirteen children, among whom was Mary Boyd, who became the 
wife of Isaac L. Commons and the mother of Mrs. Hurst. 

WILLIAM M. THOMPSON. 

William M. Thompson, the subject of this memoir, and at one time the 

county treasurer of Wayne county, was one of the most popular and efficient 

financiers and officials of this section of the state. For more than thirty 

years he was an honored citizen of Richmond, actively interested in all 



132 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

measures advanced for the good of the people, and performed his full share 
in the development and improvement of the city. 

A son of Montgomery and Piety (Home) Thompson, William M. was born 
October 6, 1838, on a farm which his father had entered from the govern- 
ment, this homestead being situated east of the town of Arba, in Randolph 
county, Indiana. His education was acquired in the district schools of the 
period, and long ere he had reached his majority he had mastered all depart- 
ments of agriculture, under the judicious instruction of his father, who was 
a practical, successful farmer and a leader in local affairs. When he was 
twenty-one years old he was married, and for some five years subsequent to 
that event he carried on agricultural operations on a farm adjoining the old 
homestead owned by his father. Later he turned his attention to the man- 
agement of a general store at Bethel, Wayne county, and in 1861 he came 
to Richmond, which was thenceforth to be his home. Here he went into the 
grocery business with George W. Barnes, and continued with him for some 
six or seven years. Then, buying an interest in a grocery, the business was 
conducted for five years under the firm name of Thompson & Good, at the 
end of which period the senior member retired and embarked in the same 
kind of enterprise on his own account. He continued actively engaged in 
business until 1892, when he sold out and retired from the field of commerce. 

One of the most noticeable characteristics of Mr. Thompson from his 
youth was the readiness with which he won friends. He possessed that 
rare sympathy and sincerity, that genuine kindliness of heart and manly 
courtesy of manner which never fail to attract. Doubtless these traits 
accounted largely for his popularity and prosperity in business and as a public 
official. From his twenty-first year he was zealous in the Republican party, 
and was sent as a delegate to numberless district, county and state conven- 
tions. In 1876 he received the nomination for the county treasurership, and, 
having been duly elected, he entered upon the duties of the office in October 
of that year. Accurate and methodical in his work, he won the commenda- 
tion of all concerned, and, when he was again placed in nomination, upon the 
expiration of his first term, he was elected with little opposition, and con- 
tinued to give general satisfaction while he was in office. 

On the 2d of February, 1859, Mr. Thompson married Miss Lucinda 
Vannuys, of Bethel, Indiana, and for over thirty-five years they harmoni- 
ously pursued life's journey together. Two children were born to them, a 
son and a daughter : Charles V., now a resident of Chicago ; and Rosa, wife 
of Theodore H. Hill, a member of the well known Richmond firm of Louck 
& Hill, proprietors of the Richmond planing-mill. The death of Mr. Thomp- 
son occurred at his pleasant home on North Thirteenth street, Richmond, 
October 17, 1894. His loss has been deeply mourned in this community, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 133 

and his memory is enshrined in the hearts of scores of his old friends and 
associates, to whose interests he was ever faithful, sacrificing his own rather 
than theirs. 

JOHN F. KIBBEY. 

The name of Judge Kibbey is enduringly inscribed on the pages of 
Indiana's history in connection with the records of her jurisprudence. After 
many years of activity in the legal profession, however, he is now living 
retired at his pleasant home in Richmond. His superior ability won him 
marked success; he was crowned with high judicial honors; and in business 
and private life he won that good name which is rather to be chosen than 
great riches. He is one of the native sons of Wayne county, his birth 
having occurred May 4, 1826, his parents being John Crane and Mary 
(Espy) Kibbey. The Kibbey family is of Welsh extraction, and was founded 
in America about 1700, the original American ancestors locating midway 
between Trenton and Newark, New Jersey. There Ephraim Kibbey, the 
grandfather of the Judge, was born and reared. In 1777 he enlisted as a 
private in Captain Jacob Martin's company. Fourth Battalion New Jersey 
Continental line, and served during the continuance of the Revolutionary war. 
He then returned to New Jersey, where he remained until his removal to 
Ohio. He was a surveyor, and in that capacity started westward with a 
party of emigrants. They located on the Ohio river, just below the mouth 
of the Little Miama river, on a tract of land known as the Symmes Purchase, 
and there founded the town of Columbia. Mr. Kibbey assisted in the sur- 
vey of that tract of land. On the ist of January, 1790, General St. Clair 
arrived in Columbia and on the following day appointed Ephraim Kibbey an 
ensign in the army. The latter also commanded a company under General 
Wayne, known as "Mad Anthony" by reason of his great daring in battle. 
He served with the rank of major. He died in 1807. His wife was, before 
her marriage, a Miss Crane, and to them were born six children, three sons 
and three daughters. 

To this family belonged John Crane Kibbey, who was born in New 
Jersey, March 17, 1783, and in 1788 was taken by his parents to Columbia, 
Ohio, where he was reared to manhood. He acquired his education under 
the direction of his father, who had been a teacher in early manhood, and 
pursued his studies at night in books borrowed from Governor Morrow, of 
Ohio. With his uncle, Mr. Crane, he learned the tanner's and currier's 
trade, and at the time of his marriage was the owner of a half-section of 
land in Warren county, Ohio. In 1812 he purchased seven hundred acres of 
land near Salisbury, Wayne county, Indiana, and one hundred and sixty 
acres two miles west of that place, and the following year removed to Salis- 
bury, then the county-seat. He established a tan yard, and for some years 



134 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

was prominently connected with the business and public hfe of the commu- 
nity. In 1814 he was appointed justice of the peace and did a large business 
in the justice court. In the early '20s he came to Richmond, then a mere 
hamlet. Here he continued to serve as justice of the peace, and also built 
and conducted a tavern in the town. He soon relinquished that business, 
however, but for some years continued to hold the office of justice of the 
peace, and owned large property interests in Richmond, Salisbury and 
Wayne county. He was a Democrat of the old school and cast his first 
presidential vote for Jefferson, in 1804. He continued to support the 
Democracy until 1854, when the Kansas-Nebraska bill was passed, and he 
left the party. In 1850 he removed to Illinois, where he died in 1856, the 
year of the inception of the Republican party, whose principles and faith he 
endorsed. He married Miss Mary Espy and to them were born ten children, 
nine daughters and a son. 

The last named, and the youngest of the family is Judge John F. Kib- 
bey, the honored subject of this review. He was born May 4, 1826, in 
Wayne county, Indiana, in which he has always lived. He remained in 
Richmond until the age of fourteen years, then removed to Centerville, at 
that time the county-seat, and in 1874 returned to Richmond, where he has 
resided continuously since. He acquired his preliminary education in the 
common schools, later attended the Wayne County Seminary, in Center- 
ville, and afterward became a student in Miami University, in Oxford, Ohio. 
In 1850 he entered upon the study of law, his preceptor being Governor O. 
P. Morton, of Centerville. His preparation was thorough and compre- 
hensive, and in 1852 he was admitted to the bar. While studying he 
engaged in teaching in the country schools and in Hagerstown. In 1851 he 
was appointed county surveyor, and in 1852, 1854 and 1S56 was elected to 
that office, which he filled most acceptably until 1857, when he resigned. 

In 1853 Judge Kibbey formed a law partnership with Governor Morton, 
which connection was continued until i860, when the latter was elected chief 
executive of the state. In March, 1862, Judge Kibbey was appointed attor- 
ney-general of Indiana, and continued to fill that position until November, 
when the regular election occurred. During the two years following he 
engaged in the private practice of law to some extent, but his time was 
largely taken up with military duties. In 1863 he was appointed a com- 
mandant, with the rank of colonel, of the congressional district in which 
Wayne county is located, his duty being to procure enlistments for the army. 
He enlisted sixteen companies, of which he was commander while they were 
in Richmond. The greater part of these constituted the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth Indiana Infantry, and a portion were in the Ninth Indiana 
Cavalry. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 135 

In March, 1865, he was appointed judge of the sixth common-pleas 
judicial district, composed of Wayne, Fayette, Union and Franklin counties, 
and in the autumn of that year was elected to that office, being re-elected in 
1868 and 1872. In March, 1873, the common-pleas court was abolished, 
and Wayne county was made the seventeenth judicial circuit, of which Mr. 
Kibbey was elected judge, at a special election, in October, 1873. In 1878 
he was re-elected, his term expiring October 21, 1885, when he resumed the 
practice of law, continuing therein until his retirement from the profession, in 
1898. As a lawyer he soon won rank among the distinguished members of 
the bar of Indiana. The favorable judgment which the world passed upon 
him in his early years was never set aside or in any degree modified during 
his long career at the bar and on the bench. It was, on the contrary, empha- 
sized by his careful conduct of important litigation, his candor and fairness 
in the presentation of cases, and his zeal and earnestness as an advocate. 
His contemporaries unite in bearing testimony to his high character and 
superior mind. What higher testimonial of his able service on the bench 
could be given than the fact of his long continuance thereon ? A clear insight 
into the legal problems presented, combined with absolute fairness and a 
high sense of justice, made his decisions particularly free from bias, and won 
him high encomiums from the public and the bar. 

On the 5th of May, 1852, was celebrated the marriage of Judge Kibbey 
and Miss Caroline E. Conningham, daughter of Daniel C. Conningham, of 
Centerville. They had five children, as follows: Joseph H., an attorney-at- 
law of Phoenix, Arizona, who went to that place in 18S8 and was United 
States judge from 1889 until 1893, under the Harrison administration; Mary 
E. , who became the wife of Rev. William E. Jordan, a Methodist Episcopal 
minister, who died in 1890, while her death occurred in 1883; John C, who 
is in the employ of the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad 
at St. Louis, Missouri; Frank C, a member of the Thirty-second Michigan 
Regiment, located at Grand Rapids, Michigan, who prior to entering the 
service was clerk of the court in Florence, Arizona; and Walter P., who 
died in 1876, at the age of ten years. 

In his political associations Judge Kibbey was a Deinocrat until 1S54, 
when, on account of the attitude of the party on the slavery question, he 
left its ranks. When the Republican party was organized, in 1856, he 
became one of its supporters and has since been most earnest in his advo- 
cacy of its principles. In 1871 he became a member of the Presbyterian 
church in Centerville and three years later transferred his membership to 
the Presbyterian church in Richmond. A prominent and exemplary Mason, 
he belongs to the blue lodge, chapter and commandery of Richmond. He 
has drawn about him a circle of devoted friends, and has at all times 



136 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

commanded the respect and esteem of his fellow men by his superior intel- 
lectual attainments and his upright life. Professional eminence is an indica- 
tion of individual merit, for in professional life advancement cannot depend 
upon outside influences or the aid of wealthy friends; it comes as the reward 
of earnest, persistent labor, and the exercise of natural talents, and is there- 
fore the fitting reward of labor. For years Judge Kibbey was accorded a 
prominent position at the Indiana bar and his professional career was an 
honor to the district which so honored him. 

JACOB R. WEIST, A.M., M.D. 

One of the most exacting of all the the higher lines of occupation to 
which a man may lend his energies is that of the physician. A most scrupu- 
lous preliminary training is demanded and a nicety of judgment little under- 
stood by the laity. Then again the profession brings one of its devotees into 
almost constant association with the sadder side of life, — that of pain and 
suffering, — so that a mind capable of great self-control and a heart respon- 
sive and sympathetic are essential attributes of him who would essay the 
practice of the healing art. Thus when professional success is attained in 
any instance it may be taken as certain that such measure of success has been 
thoroughly merited. In the subject of this review we have one who has 
gained distinction in the line of his chosen calling, who has been an earnest 
and disci iminating student, and who holds a position of due relative preced- 
ence among the medical practitioners of eastern Indiana. 

Dr. Weist was born in Preble county, Ohio, November 26, 1834, and is 
a son of John and Keziah C. (Scott) Weist. The family is of German line- 
age, and the grandfather, Jacob Weist, was a native of central Pennsylvania. 
He was reared to manhood in Little York, in that state, and thence removed 
to Preble county, Ohio, where he died in 1848, during a cholera epidemic, at 
the age of seventy years He followed farming throughout his life and was 
a man of intelligence and eminent respectability. He married Catharine De 
Coursey, a lady of French descent, who was born near Baltimore, Maryland. 
They had a family of seven children, six sons and a daughter. John Weist, 
the father of the Doctor, was born in Little York, Pennsylvania, in 1800, 
and during his boyhood removed with his parents to Preble county, Ohio, 
where he died in 1857. He carried on agricultural pursuits as a life 
work, and his capable management of his business affairs, and his 
energy and industry brought to him a well deserved success. He was 
a very prominent and influential member in the Methodist Episcopal 
church of his neighborhood, took an active interest in its work, and lived an 
exemplary Christian life. His integrity was proverbial and his word was as 
good as any bond that was ever solemnized by signature or seal. He mar- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 187 

Tied Miss Keziah C. , daughter of George Scott. Her father belonged to a 
family of Swiss extraction and in early life was a sailor. He made his home 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for many years, but subsequently removed to 
Huntington county, Indiana, where his last days Were passed. In his family 
were three sons and two daughters. 

In the common schools of his native county Dr. Weist acquired his pre- 
liminary education, which was supplemented by study in the Ohio Wesleyan 
University, at Delaware, Ohio, where he pursued a classical and scientific 
course. In 1S78 the Jesuit Collage, — St. Xavier, — of Cincinnati, Ohio, con- 
ferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts. Prepared by a broad general 
knowledge for entrance into professional life, he entered the office of Dr. 
Samuel Ferris, of Preble county, Ohio, and later attended a course of lect- 
ures in the Western Reserve Medical College, at Cleveland, Ohio, and then 
for a time practiced in his native county. He then entered the Jefferson 
Medical College, of Philadelphia, where he was graduated in 1861. 

The same year Dr. Weist opened an office in Richmond, and in March, 
1863, was appointed assistant surgeon to the Sixty-fifth Regiment of Ohio 
Infantry, in which capacity he acted until July of the same year, when he 
was transferred to the Fourth Ohio Cavalry, with which he remained four- 
teen months. In September, 1863, he was appointed surgeon of the First 
United States Colored Troops, and continued with that command until the 
close of the war, being discharged in November, 1865, when he returned to 
Richmond, where he has since been engaged in private practice. His service 
as assistant surgeon was with the Army of the Cumberland, a part of the time 
in charge of a hospital in Nashville, and his service as surgeon was in eastern 
Virginia and North Carolina, first in the field and then in charge of hospitals 
in Newbern and Goldsboro, subsequently chief operating surgeon in the 
Eighteenth Army Corps hospital at Point of Rocks, Virginia, and finally 
becoming acting medical inspector and director of the Twenty-fifth Army 
Corps. 

All this was a splendid training school for the young physician. With a 
comprehensive knowledge of anatomy and the science of medicine, he care- 
fully applied his wisdom to the alleviation of the suffering of the gallant men 
who were fighting for their country, and in so doing gained an ability that 
that has classed him first among the surgeons of eastern Indiana and gained 
him national reputation. He has always made a specialty of surgery, and his 
success has been most marked. He succeeded because he desired to succeed. 
He is great because nature endowed him bountifully, and he has studiously, 
carefully and conscientiously increased the talents that were given him. A 
perfect master of the construction and functions of the component parts of 
the human body, of the changes induced in them by the onslaughts of disease, 



138 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

of the defects cast upon them as a legacy by ancestry, of the vital capacity 
remaining in them throughout all vicissitudes of existence, he has gained an 
eminent place among the practitioners of Indiana and is recognized authority 
on many questions affecting not only surgery but the general practice of medi- 
cine as well. He has been surgeon of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company 
for twenty consecutive years and for twenty years served on the United States 
board of pension examiners. He was one of the original members of the 
American Surgical Association, which is limited to a membership of one hun- 
dred, and served for fourteen years as secretary of that distinguished scientific 
body, with which he is still connected. This society was organized in New 
York city in 1880 and Dr. Weist was chosen its first secretary. He is also a 
prominent member of the Southern Gynecological Association, the American 
Medical Association, which he represented at the International Medical Con- 
gress in 1 88 1, and the Indiana State Medical Association, serving as president 
of the last named in 1875. Through his connection with these various organi- 
zations, as well as through constant study and the perusal of the most reliable 
medical journals, he keeps in constant touch with his profession in its advance 
toward perfection. He has not always been a follower but has many times- 
been a leader in the investigation that has led to valuable discoveries, and 
has contributed many important medical papers to the journals of his profes- 
sion. Next to surgery perhaps his most important dissertations have been 
on hygiene and sanitary affairs. 

In 1856 Dr. Weist was united in marriage to Miss Sarah I. Mitchell, of 
Portsmouth, Ohio, and to them were born three children, but only one is 
now living, the others having died in infancy. Their son. Dr. H. H. Weist, 
has followed in the professional footsteps of his father. He was born in 
Richmond, July 10, 1868, read medicine under the direction of his father, 
attended lectures in the Bellevue Medical College, and was graduated in 
1891. The following year he was a student in the medical department of 
the University of Michigan, and afterward at Johns Hopkins University and 
the University of Vienna, Austria. He then traveled extensively over the 
continent, and is now engaged in practice with his father in Richmond. He 
is a young man of splendid intellectual and professional attainments and 
exceptional ability. 

Dr. Jacob R. Weist holds membership with various fraternal societies, is 
a Knight Templar Mason, a Knight of Pythias, and a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and the Loyal Legion. He is deeply interested in the 
affairs of the city which has been his home for thirty-seven years, and for a 
long period served as its health officer. He has always advocated the meas- 
ures which have advanced its welfare, and has labored for its improvement 
and progress. In private life he has gained that warm personal regard which. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 139 

arises from true nobility of character, deference for the opinions of others^ 
kindliness and geniality. He inspires personal friendships of unusual strength, 
and all who know him have the highest admiration for his good qualities of 
heart and mind. 

MARTIN V. BROWN. 

This well known and prominent merchant of Milton, Indiana, who is a 
worthy representative of one of the honored pioneer families of Wayne 
county, was born in that city December i, 1838, and was educated in its pub- 
lic and subscription schools. His parents, John and Ara Anna (White) Brown, 
were born, reared and married in Pennsylvania. The father was born August 
II, 1812, and was a son of John Brown, Sr., who belonged to a family of 
Scotch origin which was founded in America during colonial days. The lat- 
ter served through the Revolutionary war as a soldier of the Continental 
army and made his home in Pennsylvania. He was of long-lived stock, and 
he and his wife lived to the ages of eighty-five and eighty-six years, respect- 
ively. In religious faith they were Lutherans, he having been baptized by a 
Lutheran minister when only a few days old. Their children were John, 
Adam, George, Philip, Henry, Samuel, Regena, Eliza and Catherine. 

John Brown, Jr., the father of our subject, left the home farm before he 
attained his majority and learned the tanner's trade. After working for a 
time as a journeyman in his native state he purchased a tannery in the west- 
ern part of Center county, Pennsylvania, which he conducted for a number 
of years. In company with another gentleman he then came west on a pros- 
pecting tour, going as far as Iowa and Missouri, but, deciding to locate in 
Indiana, he took up his residence in Wayne county in 1835. The first year 
was spent in Centerville, but at the end of that time he removed to Milton, 
where he purchased an interest in a tannery, which the firm remodeled and 
enlarged and conducted the same for ten or twelve years. He then sold his 
share in the business and purchased a tract of land. In 1849 he went to 
California, by way of the isthmus, and remained for a time on the Pacific 
slope prospecting and mining with reasonable success. He opened many 
camps and gave the name to several rivers and towns, but he met with no 
hairbreadth escapes. Returning east by the same route he rejoined his fam- 
ily in Milton, and devoted his attention to farming and stock-raising through- 
out the remainder of his life. He cleared and improved a fine farm, erecting 
thereon commodious and substantial buildings. In politics he was a pro- 
nounced Democrat and was once the candidate of his party for the state legis- 
lature, but was defeated by General Solomon Meredith, a very strong 
opponent, who beat him by only a small majority, however. He tilled some 
important township offices and was a man of prominence in his community. 



140 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



He died October i, 1898, aged eighty-six years, and his estimable wife 
away June 29, 1890, aged seventy-nine years. She was born December 20, 
1810, and had two brothers, Jackson and Daniel, both residents of Pennsyl- 
vania. The White family were connected with the Methodist Episcopal 
church. Our subject is the oldest in a family of four children, the others 
being Jackson, who spent ten years in Montana, but died in Milton, Indiana; 
Martha J., now Mrs. T. Williamson, of Sherman county, Kansas; and Albert, 
w"ho died leaving a wife but no children. 

Martin V. Brown remained on the home farm until twenty-two years of 
age, then worked in a mill two years and engaged in clerking in a dry-goods 
store for the same length of time at Lewisville. On the ist of March, 1868, 
he purchased a building and stock of groceries and hardware and embarked 
in business at Milton, where he has since successfully carried on operations. 
He also owns and conducts the old homestead farm, and irl business affairs 
has met with well merited success. 

On the 1st of November, 1866, Mr. Brown wedded Miss Mary J. Mack, 
who was born in Preble county, Ohio, September 20, 1844, a daughter of 
Alexander and Catherine (Hoover) Mack, natives of Pennsylvania, who went 
with their respective families to Ohio and were married in the latter state. 
They were farming people, who in 1848 removed to Carthage, Illinois, where 
they bought a farm. After their deaths, about eleven years later, the family 
was scattered and Mrs. Brown returned to Ohio, where she lived with an 
aunt for two years and later with her grandfather. In 1864 she came to 
Lewisville, Henry county, Indiana, where she made her home with an uncle 
until her marriage. She is the second in order of birth in a family of five 
children, the others being Mrs. Emerite Slater, now of Chicago, Illinois; 
Maria L. , who first married a Mr. McClure, and afterward R. T. Rogers, of 
Denver, Colorado; Charles, a resident of Elmo, Missouri; and Catherine, wife 
of C. White. The parents of these children were faithful members of the 
Presbyterian church. To Mr. and Mrs. Brown have been born five children: 
Cora M., at home; Frank W. , who died at the age of seventeen years; Will- 
iam, who is a clerk in his father's store and the master of the Masonic lodge; 
John A., who married Nora St. Clair, the daughter of a prominent physician 
of Milton, and Mary J., at home. 

Mr. Brown is one of the prominent and influential representatives of the 
Democratic party in his community, and he takes an active interest in polit- 
ical affairs. He has held about all the town offices, and was once the candi- 
date of his pariy for county treasurer. He is one of the leading members of 
the Masonic lodge of Milton and has served as its treasurer for nearly thirty 
years. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



CYRUS O. HURST. 

One of the earliest families making permanent settlement in Wayne 
county, Indiana, was that now worthily represented in this section of the state 
by the gentleman whose name forms the heading of this sketch. For 
almost a century the Hursts have been identified with the agricultural 
interests of their community, aiding materially in the development of the 
resources of their section and taking an active part in everything calcu- 
lated to promote the welfare and happiness of the majority. 

As early as 1802 a little party of three, John and Benedict Hurst and 
Elizabeth, the young wife of the former, might have been observed making 
the tediously long and difficult journey through the almost pathless wilder- 
ness from Maryland to Ohio. The two young men, who were able-bodied 
and full of the vigor and enthusiasm of youth, walked the entire distance, 
over the mountains and through the forests, while Mrs. Hurst was on horse- 
back, with all of her own and husband's earthly possessions in the pack- 
saddle of the trus'ty animal she rode. Simple as was this primitive mode of 
traveling, the slender means of the three became nearly exhausted by the 
time that they reached Hamilton, Ohio, and there they concluded to remain 
for a period. The young husband worked at whatever he could find to do, 
clearing land and splitting rails, chiefly, and, assisted by his industrious wife, 
managed to accumulate a little money. Two of their children were born 
during their sojourn there, one in 1804 and the other two years later. In 
1807 the family came to what has since been known as Wajne county, and 
here Mr. Hurst entered eighty acres of land. He not only devoted himself 
to the clearing and cultivating of this property but was one of the first to 
embark in the raising, buying and feeding of hogs, which he disposed of in 
the Cincinnati markets. Both he and his wife were extremely economical and 
hard-working, very little having to be expended for the maintenance of the 
household, for she spun and wove cloth for garments, and most of their 
necessities were produced on the farm. Thus they continually added to their 
substantial wealth, bought land and made investments, and, after providing 
each of their twelve children with a good start in independent life, left over 
two thousand acres of land to be divided among them. Mr. Hurst was a 
man of such strict honor and absolute integrity that his mere word was con- 
sidered as good as a written contract, and to his posterity he left an unblem- 
ished name and a record of which they should be very proud. After years 
had been spent in the little log-cabin home, a better structure sheltered the 
family, and from time to time the so-called luxuries of an advancing civiliza- 
tion found their way into the always happy home. Mr. Hurst was the proud 
possessor of the first cook-stove that was owned in this locality, and one of 



142 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the first ingrain carpets of the period was treasured by his wife in her best 
room. In her girlhood she had married a Mr. Marshall, who died a short 
time thereafter, and thus she was a widow at the time of her marriage to Mr. 
Hurst. Both Mr. and Mrs. Hurst were natives of Maryland, and he was of 
Irish descent. She died November 5, 1850, having survived him a few years. 
Death came to him when he was comparatively a young man, or at least in 
his prime, in May, 1838, when he was fifty-six years of age. Their children 
were: Cynthia, born December 8, 1804; Benedict, December 11, 1806; 
Bennett, December 8, 1808; Sanford, April 5, 1811; Melinda, December 7, 
1812; J. Marshall, February 13, 1814; Isaac, February 5, 1817; Anna, April 
II, 1819 (died when young); Dickson, December 7, 1821; Elijah and Silva 
(twins), born October 29, 1824 (the latter married R. Watt); and Mary E.,born 
July 12, 1827, became the wife of John Orr. 

J. Marshall Hurst, the father of Cyrus O. Hurst, was reared amid the 
environments of pioneer life, and early learned to perform all kinds of diffi- 
cult work. Ambitious and possessed of the same spirit of enterprise which 
had characterized his father, he energetically improved the forest-covered 
farm upon which he located after his marriage, and in 1859 he settled upon 
the place now owned by our subject. Here he and his family spent about 
a year in a small house which stood upon the place, and in the meantime he 
erected a large two-story brick residence upon a better site. At that time 
this was not only the finest house in the township but even one of the very 
best in the county, and even to-day but few farm houses excel it in every 
respect. Together with the large barns and other buildings which stand upon 
the farm, the superiority of the soil and the topography of the land, its gen- 
eral suitablity for the raising of various kinds of crops, and other notable 
features, it is undoubtedly one of the most valuable homesteads in the county. 
Mr. Hurst was extensively engaged in the stock business, raising, buying and 
selling cattle and hogs. Successful in most of his financial enterprises, he 
gradually amassed a fortune, and when death put an end to his labors he 
owned ten hundred and forty-five acres of land, besides having a large bank 
account to his credit. 

For a companion and helpmate along the journey of life, J. M. Hurst 
chose Miss Sarah Willetts, a daughter of Elisha Willetts, of Virginia. He 
was a pioneer in this township, where he entered and improved land and 
spent the rest of his days. Social and cheerful in disposition, he was a general 
favorite with his neighbors, and his more substantial qualities gave him a 
high place among his associates. Mrs. Hurst had several brothers and sis- 
ters, namely. Nelson, Elias, James, Eldridge, Ervin, Mrs. Clarissa Busby, 
Mrs. Joanna Rogers and Mrs. Mary Jones. Their mother was a member of 
the Methodist church, but both Mr. and Mrs. Hurst were faithful workers in 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 143 

the United Brethren church. They were the parents of ten children, named 
as follows; Fernandez, now of Minneapolis, Minnesota, a hero of the civil 
war; Mrs. Mary E. Fox, of Madison county, Indiana; Cyrus O. ; Mrs. Eliza 
J. Walker, who died in January, 1899, in this county, and left five children; 
AUison, now of Anderson, Indiana; Mrs. Clara Lamott; Jesse V/., of Ander- 
son; Roxy, wife of W. Wilson; Clarence, of Chicago; and Mrs. Emma Reed, 
of Anderson. The father departed this life May 11, 1868, and the mother 
lived until March 12, 1887. 

The birth of Cyrus O. Hurst took place in Waterloo township, Fayette 
county, September 18, 1849. In his boyhood he received much better edu- 
cational privileges than had fallen to the lot of his forefathers, and he made 
the best of his opportunities. Needless to say that he gained a thorough 
knowledge of agriculture, for there were no drones among the Hursts, and 
every boy had his task to perform. So well did our subject succeed that he 
took charge of the homestead when he was seventeen, and continued to carry 
on the work which had been inaugurated by his father. In 1872 he settled 
upon a portion of the old estate, bequeathed to him in his father's will, and 
eight years later he purchased the rest of the homestead and removed to the 
brick house already mentioned. At present he owns six hundred and eighty- 
five acres of excellent land, and has fine investments in various concerns, 
besides carrying a ten-thousand-dollar life policy, and in other ways proving 
that he is a thorough business man of the period, far-sighted, methodical and 
enterprising. 

Prospered as he has been, and abundantly blessed " in basket and in 
store," Mr. Hurst does not neglect his duties toward those less fortunate, and 
the needy and sorrowing. It is one of his chief pleasures to minister to these, 
and many a person feels deeply indebted to him for timely assistance. He 
is a liberal contributor to the work of the Methodist denomination, with 
which he and his wife are identified. Politically he is a Democrat, as were 
his ancestors, and has officiated as township trustee and in other local posi- 
tions of responsibility. 

The wedding of Mr. Hurst and Miss Sarah Waymire was solemnized in 
this township in 1872. She is a daughter of Isam and Elizabeth A. (Taylor) 
Waymire, of Wayne county, this state, and Virginia, respectively. Isam was 
a son of Rudolph and Abigail (Fuller) Waymire, both of German descent and 
natives of Guilford county, North Carolina. Rudolph Waymire served in 
the war of 18 12, and about the close of that struggle emigrated to Indiana, 
where, after leasing land for a few years, he obtained a soldier's warrant for 
forty acres, and later added thirty acres more.. Two of his brothers, David 
and Jacob, also came to this state and owned and improved property. 
Rudolph Waymire and wife had eight children — Sabina, Sultana, Neely, 



144 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Tempa, Betsey, Fanny, Isam and Mary A. Mrs. Hurst's maternal grand- 
parents were Haskell and Permelia (Eddings) Taylor, of Virginia. Haskell 
was a son of Zachariah Taylor, a veteran of the Revolutionary war. Eliza- 
beth A. (Taylor) Waymire was born in the Old Dominion February 23, 1S27, 
and when ten years of age accompanied her parents to Union county, Indiana. 
Later they removed to Putnam county, where they died. Their children, 
seven in number, were named: Elizabeth A., Susan J., William, Thornton, 
Lorana, Ophelia and Hiram. Mrs. Hurst is the eldest of four sisters, of 
whom Mary is unmarried, Eliza J. is the wife of B. Miles, and Miranda is 
Mrs. J. Wise. The three children of Mr. and Mrs. Hurst are: Cora, born 
January 9, 1873, and now the wife of Daniel Clevinger; lea M., born Febru- 
ary 14, 1874, and now wedded to R. H. Houseworth; and Charles E., born 
September 22, 1878. He is unmarried and is an energetic, capable young 
man, upon whom has devolved much of the care of the old homestead dur- 
ing the last few years. 

GEORGE BERRY, M. D. 

No state in the Union can boast of a more heroic band of pioneers than 
Indiana. In their intelligence, capability and genius they were far above the 
pioneers of the east, and in their daring and heroism they were equal to the 
Missouri and California argonauts. Their privations, hardships and earnest 
labors have resulted in establishing one of the foremost commonwealths in 
America, and one which has still great possibilities before it. The material 
advancement of the central Mississippi states is the wonder of the world, 
and it has been largely secured through the sturdy and intelligent manhood 
of descendants of the cavaliers of Virginia, with their moral, intellectual 
and physical stamina; but their work is nearly complete, and every year 
sees more new graves filled by those who helped to build an empire, and 
soon, too scon, will the last of these sturdy pioneers be laid away; but their 
memory will forever remain green among those who lived among them and 
appreciated their efforts. 

The name of the late Dr. George Berry was perhaps more closely 
associated with the earlier history of Brookville and Franklin county than 
any other, and his valuable counsel and the activities of his useful manhood 
were of great moment to the advancement of his city and county. He was 
a representative of an old Virginian family. His father, Henry Berry, was 
a native of Rockingham county, in the Old Dominion, and emigrating west- 
ward located on section 26, Brookville township, Franklin county, Indiana, 
November 7, 18 16. There he spent his remaining days, his death occurring 
in September, 1864, in the eighty-second year of his age, his remains being 
interred on the old homestead. He was a blacksmith by trade, and coming 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 145- 

to Indiana established a smithy on his farm, doing business for the settlers 
for miles around. His shop was a favorite resort with the frontiersman of 
that time, and the proprietor was an artisan of the true American type. He 
could shoe a horse, repair a rifle, " jump an ox," renew the springs of a steel 
trap, discuss the political and religious topics of the day, assist the itinerant 
minister or do whatever else appeared to be necessary to build up a pros- 
perous neighborhood. He took the papers, which but few of his fellow pio- 
neers could afford to do, and therefore his shop was headquarters for the 
news of the outside world. He was a very popular man and was chosen 
justice of the peace and later probate judge of Franklin county, which posi- 
tion he filled for twenty consecutive years. 

Dr. George Berry, his eldest child and the immediate subject of this: 
review, was born in Rockingham county, Virginia, February 17, 181 1, andi 
died in Brookville March 19, 1892, at the age of eighty-one years. In an 
account of his life a friend said: " Before the forests were cleared away or 
the meadows appeared upon the uplands, when our valleys and hills were 
timber clad, with no openings through the woodlands, save the little clearing 
of the early pioneer, the Indian trail or the emigrant's trace, he appeared 
upon the scene of his activities in Franklin county. Almost with the dawn 
of civilization in southeastern Indiana he came, and the history of his life is. 
to a great extent the history of our valley." Thus from its earliest develop- 
ment Dr. Berry had a part in the public life and progress of this locality. As^. 
soon as old enough he began to learn the blacksmith's trade under his father's, 
supervision, but ill. health caused him to abandon that pursuit. From the 
newspapers for which his father was a subscriber, and from a collection of 
books, quite large for a frontiersman's cabin, he obtained most of his educa- 
tion. He, however, attended school to a limited extent, pursuing his studies 
for a time in the schools of Brookvi le. In 1S27 he engaged in teaching near 
the site of Roseburg, Union county, Indiana, and in 1828 was employed as 
a teacher in Brookville. Subsequently he went to Butler county, Ohio, and 
engaged in teaching near New London, also taking up the study of medicine 
under the direction of Dr. Thomas, who was at that time considered one of 
the most able surgeons of the state. When he went to Ohio he called upon 
School-examiner Bebb, afterward governor of that state, and desired to be 
examined as an applicant for a license to teach school. The examiner 
looked up at the stripling, and, calling attention to some figures with which 
he had been busy, said: " I can't get this sum; if you can, I'll give you a 
license without examination." Dr. Berry undertook the solution of the 
problem and secured both the correct result and the license. 

In the spring of 1832 Dr. Berry located in Brookville and began the 
practice of medicine and surgery. From that time until his death he prac- 



146 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ticed the healing art, and he became the loved family physician in many a 
household, his kindly and skillful ministrations winning him the heartfelt 
gratitude of hundreds. Probably no man in the county was more widely or 
favorably known, his professional duties bringing him into contact with 
almost all of the settlers of the county. On the 6th of May, 1834, he was 
united in marriage to Miss Ann Wright, daughter of William and Elizabeth 
(Bardsley) Wright. They began their domestic life in the house which was 
their home until the death of the Doctor, and there four children were born 
to them, two sons and two daughters, the elder daughter dying in infancy. 
The younger daughter, Elizabeth, still resides in the old home, on Main street, 
one room of which was used as a land office in the early days. William H. 
is a practicing physician of Brookville, and George is now deceased. 

In all the public affairs concerning the welfare of the state Dr. Berry 
took a deep interest, and gave his support to every measure which he 
believed would contribute to the public good. In i S3 5 he was appointed post- 
master of Brookville by President Jackson, and was reappointed by President 
VanBuren. In March, 1839, he was elected the first town clerk of Brook- 
ville, and for many years he was a member of the board of school trustees. 
In 1843 he was elected a member of the state senate, for a term of three 
years, and in 1846 was re-elected, leaving the impress of his individuality upon 
the early legislation of the state. He studied closely the issues of the day and 
■gave an earnest support to all measures which he believed would prove of 
public benefit. At the breaking out of the Mexican war he was appointed 
surgeon of the Sixteenth Regular Infantry, U. S. A., and started for the scene 
■of hostilities April 7, 1847. He served under General Taylor in northern 
Mexico during the campaign ending in the brilliant victory of Buena Vista, 
and receiving an honorable discharge he returned home August 8, 1848. 

Immediately thereafter he resumed the practice of medicine, but his fel- 
low townmen were not content that he should remain long in private life, and 
in 1849 he was again elected to the state senate, and in 1850 was appointed 
a member of the state constitutional convention, becoming one of its most 
valued and efficient representatives. He left the imprint of his strong intel- 
lectuality upon the organic law of the state, and in connection with his col- 
leagues framed a constitution that has stood the test of almost half a century. 
In 1864 he was the nominee of the Democratic party for congress, and in 
1870 was elected auditor of Franklin county and was re-elected in 1874. 

Dr. Berry affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His 
petition for membership in Penn Lodge, No. 30, was one among the first pre- 
sented to that organization. On account of absence from home he was not 
intitiated when the lodge was organized, February 18, 1846, but was received 
on the following Wednesdav. He was a charter member of Brookville 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 147 

Encampment, No. 32, which was organized December 2, 1852, and served 
in almost every official capacity in both lodge and encampment. He was true 
to his fraternal obligations, was deeply interested in the success of the order, 
and upon his death Penn Lodge passed resolutions of respect, in which he 
was spoken of " as a man endowed with many of the choicest gifts of nature. 
In intellect he possessed talents of a high order. He loved right and justice; 
he hated wrong and injustice. He was an honest man, a true brother and 
friend, and loved with all the ardor of his warm heart the principles of Odd- 
fellowship." 

His practice as a physician was very extensive. For many years he was 
the principal surgeon of this region, and made professional visits into a part 
of the territory now embraced within the counties of Franklin, Union, Fayette, 
Decatur, Dearborn and Ripley, in Indiana, and Butler, in Ohio. His prac- 
tice began before the epoch of public highways and bridges. The newly 
cleared roads, or more frequently the bridle paths, were the only thorough- 
fares. He traveled on horseback and carried his supplies in his saddlebags. 
He practiced medicine si.xty years and at the time of his death was, with 
one exception, the oldest practitioner in the Whitewater valley. 

Throughout his life he was a very active man. His memory was 
phenomenal. His acquaintance with most of the historic characters, and his 
familiarity with the scenes of many of the occurrences of historic interest in 
the valley, together with his love of anecdote, for which he was noted, made 
him an instructive and entertaining companion. In this connection a friend 
wrote of him: "Certainly no other man in Franklin county was so well or so 
widely known as he. He was familiar with the history of all the older fami- 
lies of the county and with the personal history of a large part of the com- 
munity. His life has entered into the home life of us all. His outspoken 
ways, open-handed charity, well known regard for truth, his hatred of sham 
and great love for humanity were known to all. He had sympathy for us in 
our sorrows, rejoiced with us in our joys. Never did he utter an angry word 
in his home, and his family ties were to him a most sacred trust." He had 
passed the eighty-first milestone on life's journey when he fell asleep. The 
veil was lifted to gain the new glory of a true and beautiful life when death 
set the seal upon his mortal lips. Any monument erected to his memory and 
to commemorate his virtues will have become dim and tarnished by time ere 
the remembrance of his noble example shall cease to exercise an influence 
upon the community in which he lived and labored to such goodly ends. 

His wife survived him only a short time, passing away at the old home 
in Brookville, May 18, 1894, at the age of eighty years. One who had known 
her long and well wrote the following lines, which were read at the funeral: 
"To-day our lines have met at the end of the pathway of the life of one of 



148 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

our friends. To bear testimony to the fidelity of this pilgrim's life; to express 
our appreciation of faithfulness to duty; to sympathize with those with whom 
these life chords have been so closely woven, is our present sad privilege. A 
long life, full of duties well performed, is as the course of the sun. Its happy 
childhood as the brightness of its rising; its middle-life activities as the ener- 
gizing influences of its mid-day power; its close as the beauty of the even- 
ing, — a quiet, peaceful end. 

"Ann, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Bardsley) Wright, was born 
near Ashton-Under-Lyne, Lancashire, England, October 12, 1813, came with 
her parents to the United States, and settled in Montgomery county, Ohio, 
June I, 1820. On the 7th of April, 1825, the family came to Franklin county 
and located on the old home farm, three miles southeast of Brookville. Mrs. 
Berry was the second of eight children, five daughters and three sons. She 
was married. May 6, 1834, to Dr. George Berry, and within three weeks they 
began housekeeping in the house where she died and where she had ever since 
resided. Some who sit here to-day can wander back in memory's valleys to 
the wedding day of the one about whose body we are gathered, and from that 
time to this they can trace the course of her life. Together she and her 
husband began their new life's journey. What bright prospects, what joyful 
hopes were theirs. Along the morning of their married life toward its mid- 
day they walked togethe?. Family cares and family blessings alike came to 
them. Joys and sorrows, the smooth places and the rough, were a part of 
their experience, but all helped in the development that made them the man 
and woman that they were. He became the friend of man, the man 
of mercy to the suffering, and his wife his helper in all, — in every- 
thing. They passed the noontide of their married life, and the sun started on 
its journey to the west. How sweet it was to see them come down the hill 
together. For nearly fifty-eight years, side by side, they trod life's pathway. 
Then their hands unclasped. One dropped by the wayside; the other con- 
tinued on the journey. Tired and weak, she lay down and fell asleep. She 
looked forward to the coming of this day when her spirit should pass from 
this short life into the fuller, the perfect life beyond. The rest of the right- 
eous is now hers." 

ZACCHEUS TEST. A. M., M. D. 
According to well authenticated family traditions the Tests are of Flem- 
ish extraction, but were residents of England fully two hundred and fifty 
years ago. They espoused the faith of the Society of Friends and three of 
them are said to have accompanied William Penn to America, settling in the 
eastern part of " Penn's Woods," or Pennsylvania. Thence some of them 
drifted to Salem, Salem county, New Jersey, and there Samuel Test, the gjand- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 149 

father of the subject of this sketch, was born, January 8, 1774. He was a 
hatter by trade, but made farming and milling his chief business after his 
removal to Indiana. On the way west he stayed for a short period at 
Waynesville and Cincinnati, Ohio, and in 18 16 arrived in Union county, this 
state, where he lived many years. Finally he came to Richmond and died 
here, in 1856. He was a strong anti-slavery man and a Whig, and was 
very active in the Society of Friends, of which he was a life-long and a 
useful member. He married Sarah Maxwell, also a native of New Jersey, 
and to them were born ten children. 

The parents of Dr. Zaccheus Test were Samuel, Jr., and Hannah 
(Jones) Test. The father was the second child of Samuel and Sarah (Max- 
well) Test, and was born in Salem, New Jersey, August 6, 1798. He accom- 
panied the family on its removal to this state, and in the spring of 1835 he 
came to the vicinity of Richmond and embarked in the manufacture of 
woolen goods, near the well known " Test Mills." He departed this life in 
1849, respected and beloved by all who knew him. He, too, was a devout 
and faithful Friend and aided materially in the work of the church. Of his 
seven sons, the Doctor is the second. The eldest, Josiah, died in 1864; 
William, Rufus and Oliver, all reside at present near the Test Mills; Erastus 
is professor of mathematics in Purdue University, at Lafayette; and Lindley 
M. is engaged in the insurance and real-estate business in Peru, Indiana. 

Dr. Zaccheus Test was born in the village now called Quakertown, 
Union county, Indiana, September 13, 1828. After irregular attendance at 
the common schools he entered "Friends' Boarding School" (now Earl- 
ham College), at its opening, in 1847, and after a two-years course went to 
Haverford College, at Haverford, Pennsylvania, where he was graduated in 
1851. A year later he took up the study of medicine, being a student of 
Dr. William B. Smith, of Richmond, and graduated in the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania, in the spring of 1855. Poor 
health compelled him later to give up the profession. Having assisted in 
the organization of the institution, he became, in 1859, a member of the 
faculty of Earlham College, where for several years he was in charge of the 
classical department. In 1866 he accepted a position in Howland School, 
Union Springs, New York, where he remained till 1879. 

During all these j'ears the Doctor was closely occupied in stud}', espe- 
cially in the line of the history and systems of philosophy. In 1861 or 1S62, 
Franklin and Marshall College, Pennsylvania, conferred upon him the degree 
of Master of Arts. In 1874-5 it was his privilege to spend a year abroad, 
mostly at the University of Tubingen, southern Germany, occupying the 
vacations more or less in European travel. Returning by way of England, 
he was appointed, in 1879, supervisor of German in the public schools of 



150 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Richmond and served in that capacity up to the close of 1898. As an edu- 
cator he has met with encouraging success. His heart and mind have been 
wholly in the great work, and he seems especially gifted by nature and train- 
ing to lead and develop the mental faculties of the young. 

In 1879 Dr. Test became a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and a year later was ordained a deacon. In 1883 he was admitted 
to the priesthood and for three years was the rector of the Connersville 
church. For fourteen years he has been the honorary assistant of St. Paul's 
parish in Richmond. Into religious work, as into everything else which he 
undertakes, he puts his whole soul and talents, and by the strength of his 
noble personality wields an influence for good that cannot be estimated. 

In 1857 Dr. Test married Miss Elizabeth M. Pray, of Dublin, Wayne 
county, who died in 1870. Their two living children are Alice T. and Mrs. 
W. W. Gilford. Miss Alice is a graduate of the State University and of the 
State Normal School, and for several years has been a successful teacher in 
the schools of Richmond. In 1876 the Doctor married Miss Sarah Anthony, 
of Union Springs, New York, his present wife, a cousin of Miss Susan B. 
Anthony. 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN DEAL. 

The life of a good man exerts a far-reaching influence, not only over his 
immediate associates, but, it may be, over the minds and lives of multitudes 
who have not directly enjoyed his companionship. It is when recalling the 
career of such a man as Benjamin F. Deal that one is reminded of the beau- 
tiful words of the poet, who speaks of 

"Those immortal dead who live again 

In minds made better by their presence, live 

In pulses stirred to generosity. 

In deeds of daring rectitude, in scorn 

For miserable aims that end with self." 

The parents of Benjamin F. Deal, George and Mary (Morgan) Deal, 
were natives of Bedford county, Pennsylvania, and spent their entire lives in 
that state, their attention being given to agriculture. The father had one 
brother who won fame as a statesman, and at one time was a member of 
congress from Pennsylvania. The mother's nephew. Senator John Sessney, 
was in the senate during President Lincoln's administration. 

Born on the old homestead near Bedford Springs, Pennsylvania, Novem- 
ber 30, 1830, our subject passed his youth in the quiet pursuits of a country 
lad, and received his preliminary education in the common schools. Subse- 
quently it was his privilege to attend the university at Lewisburg, where he 
completed his higher studies, and soon afterward he engaged in teaching. In 
1854 he came to Indiana and, settling in Boston township, Wayne county, 

t 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 151 

he there conducted a general store for two or three years. Then, selling 
out, he came to Richmond, where he found employment as a clerk, and 
ultimately embarked in the grocery business on his own account, carrying on 
a store for about five years. From the time that he disposed of that business 
until his death he was actively and extensively engaged in the buying, pack- 
ing and shipping of produce, in wholesale and retail quantities, his market 
for the same being chiefly in the east. He was a man of pronounced busi- 
ness ability, and by his energy, correct methods and absolute integrity and 
reliability, he won the high regard of all with whom he had financial deal- 
ings. He took an intelligent interest in public affairs, and was an ally of the 
Democratic party, though in no sense an office-seeker or politician. Relig- 
iousl}', he was a Baptist, and for years was an earnest worker in the First 
church of this city. He held various official positions in the congregation 
and was a zealous helper in the Sunday-school. He was summoned to his 
reward January 27, 1887, when he was still in his prime and ere the powers 
of his keen mind had suffered in the slightest degree from the inroads of old 
age. His memory is tenderly cherished in the hearts of his innumerable 
friends, whom he endeared to himself by many a deed of kindness and sym- 
pathy. 

On the 30th of November, 1856, Mr. Deal married Miss Lucinda Will- 
iams, a daughter of Benjamin and Margaret (Bennett) Williams, of ^^'ayne 
county, Indiana. The father was a native of North Carolina, and in the 
early history of Indiana he accompanied John Williams, his father, to this 
state, settling near Albington, where he engaged in farming. He was suc- 
cessful and enterprising, and at the time of his death, in 1846, though he 
was then but forty-four years of age, he was the owner of two large and val- 
uable farms. Six weeks, perhaps, covered the whole time of his school days, 
yet by study and persistent practice he became an exceptionally fine mathe- 
matician and penman and was well posted in the sciences and in general 
matters. He was an old-line Whig, and in religion was a consistent Meth- 
odist. His wife was an aunt of General Thomas Bennett, a well known mil- 
itary personage in the annals of this section. Eleven children were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Williams, three sons and eight daughters. His maternal 
grandfather Philips was a Revolutionary soldier. 

The eldest child of Mr. and Mrs. Deal, John T. , was born August 6, 
1857. He was graduated in the Richmond high school, and attended the 
business college of this city. His higher education was obtained in Earlham 
College, and subsequent to his leaving that institution he took up the study 
of law with Judge James Perry and the Hon. Henry U. Johnson. Having 
been admitted to the bar, he established an office and was very successfully 
engaged in practice for eight or ten years. In 1893 he retired from his pro- 



152 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

fessional work, and has since given his time and attention to the manage- 
mement of a farm situated near the village of Boston, Wayne county, which 
includes farming lands to the amount of more than six hundred acres. He 
also attends to the management of his mother's interests. He is a young 
man possessing talent and energy, and is making a success of his agricultural 
labors. Robert W., the second son of Mr. and Mrs. Deal, was born June 
15, 1859, and died when but nine months old. The youngest son, Otis F., 
whose history is given in following paragraphs, is likewise deceased. 

OTIS F. DEAL. 

There is something especially sad in the death of a j'oung man who is 
in the full vigor of life and promise; and when the crushing news came to the 
friends of Otis F. Deal that he who had left them but a few hours before, 
the impersonation of manly strength and enthusiasm, had fallen at the touch 
of the fell dislroyer, the blow was almost unbearable. Few young men in 
Richmond or in the employ of the Panhandle Railroad were more popular or 
respected, for he had a kind word for everybody and was always ready to 
lend a helping hand to a comrade or fellow traveler along life's journey. 

In tracing the history of Otis F. Deal it is learned that his birth occurred 
April 28, 1868, and that he was thus less than twenty-three years of age 
when his happy useful career came to a close on that disastrous 25th of Feb- 
ruary, 1 89 1, in the railroad accident at Hagerstown, Indiana. Yet he had 
accomplished infinitely more than most men of thirty or thirty-five, and had 
developed business qualities which would have done credit to one of twice 
his age and experience. As a student he was naturally gifted, and v.'on the 
highest encomiums of his teachers. After completing his high-school work 
in Richmond he entered Earlham College, where, in addition to pursuing 
two distinct courses of study, he made up some preparatory work, and at the 
time of his graduation, in June, 1887, carried off the honors of the class of 
twenty-five members (the largest class ever graduated from the college) 
though he was the youngest person in the class. 

Two weeks prior to his graduation he entered the employ of the Pan- 
handle Railroad as a rod-man, and was rapidly promoted to more responsible 
positions. About two years before his death he was made engineer, having 
charge of a division from Indianapolis to Cincinnati and Logansport, and was 
in line for the superintendency, as his services were thoroughly appreciated 
by his superiors, who rightly judged him capable of occupying positions to 
which they would not have dreamed of calling any other man of his age and 
limited experience. As an instance of the remarkable confidence which they 
reposed in him, it may be cited that on one occasion he was sent to Indian- 
apolis as a lobbyist, to prevent the passage of a measure detrimental to the 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 153 

interests of the corporation, and that he succeeded in his intervention. Nor 
were his abiHties confined to railroading affairs. He was the originator and 
prime mover in the American Tin Plate Company, of Elwood; in the Plate 
Glass Factory of the same town, and was associated with the Elwood Land 
Company. In the Plate Glass company and the Elwood Land Company he 
was a stockholder, and had been tendered the management of the first named 
plant, the matter not having been determined upon at the time of his death. 
When Gas City, Indiana, was a town of the future, Mr. Deal went there, as 
a civil engineer, and succeeded in laying out the place and in giving it a start 
toward prosperity. His exceptional ability made him in great demand, and 
his time was more than occupied by the innumerable enterprises which were 
constantly being urged upon his attention. 

In the home and among his friends the lovable traits of character and 
disposition of Otis F. Deal shone forth undimmed. He was a loyal and duti- 
ful son, an affectionate brother, a consistent Christian, and a more sincere 
friend is rarely met. From his youth he was an earnest, graceful, e.xtempo- 
raneous speaker, and he wielded the pen with a master hand, his thoughts 
being expressed in a clear-cut, happy manner. The best and noblest ele- 
ments of manhood were exemplified in him, and thus, though he h^s passed 
from our vision, the memory of his upright, beautiful life remains. 

HIRAM C. ELWELL. 

This well known citizen is a leading and representative agriculturist of 
Washington township, Wayne county, where he was born October ii, 1843, 
and was reared in about the usual manner of farmer boys of his day, his edu- 
cation being obtained in the common schools. His parents, Eli and Eliza- 
beth (De Camp) Elwell, were both natives of New York, the former born in 
Dutchess county, September i, 1789, the latter born in Onondaga county, May 
3, 1804. She came with her parents to Indiana and located near Brookville. 
Later her father, Richard De Camp, moved from Franklin county to Wayne 
county, where he remained a number of years but spent his last days in St. 
Joseph county. He was a representative of a prominent New England family, 
was broadminded and liberal in his views, and was a farmer by occupation. 
His children were Charles, Israel, Harry, Elizabeth, Mrs. Harriet Jeffries, 
Mrs. Christiana Kidd and Mrs. Olive Redfield. 

Eli Elwell, father of our subject, was reared on a farm and received a 
good collegiate education, which he put to practical use as a teacher. Leav- 
ing his native state he went to Virginia in a carry-all, and after teaching 
school therai for a time he proceeded to Ohio, where he had an uncle living. 
From there he came in his carry-all to Wayne county, Indiana, and pur- 
chased eighty acres of land, on which a two-story log house had been built, 



154 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

an orchard set out and a few other improvements made. He taught one term 
of school here, but gave the greater part of his time and attention to agri- 
cultural pursuits, in which he met with excellent success, becoming the owner 
of two hundred and fifty-six acres in the home farm, besides lands in Rush, 
Boone and Madison counties. He loaned money for many years and specu- 
lated extensively in notes and securities. After giving each of his children a 
home and helping them in other ways, he left at his death an estate valued 
at forty-five thousand dollars. Retiring from active labor in 1866, he removed 
to Milton, where he purchased a pleasant home and there spent the remain- 
der of his days, dying March 4, 1875. His estimable wife survived him for 
some time and passed away in 1887. Politically he was a stanch Whig and 
later a Republican, but he never aspired to office, preferring to give his undi- 
vided attention to his business interests. However, he served as one of the 
three trustees of his township in early days and filled other local offices. In 
business affairs he was systematic and methodical, and as a civil engineer in 
laying out land for any purpose he always made a plat of it. He was a Uni- 
versalist in religious faith, and was one of the most prominent and influential 
men of his community. His children were as follows: Mrs. Olive Williams; 
Mrs. Emma E. Marvin, who died June 18, 1899; Mrs. Hulda Murphy; Laura, 
who married F. Ferguson, now of Kansas, and died leaving two children; 
Horace, a prominent farmer of Rush county, Indiana; Mrs. Savanna Miller; 
and Hiram C, our subject. 

Hiram C. Elwell assisted his father in the operation of the home farm 
during his boyhood and youth and remained at his parental home until his 
marriage in 1866. Two years of his married life was spent upon that farm, 
and at the end of that time he erected a house upon a tract of ninety-six 
acres given him by his father. To it he has since added until he now has a 
fine farm of one hundred and sixty acres ; the log cabin has been replaced 
by a large and substantial two-story frame residence ; good barns and out- 
buildings have also been erected, and he has successfully engaged in both 
farming and stock-raising. His pleasant home is situated four miles south of 
Milton and is one of the most desirable farms of the locality. Upon an 
adjoining tract which he purchased has been built a complete set of farm 
buildings, and this place is now occupied by his son. In political sentiment 
he is a stalwart Democrat. 

In 1866 Mr. Elwell married Miss Julia Patterson, a daughter of John 
and Delilah (Beeson) Patterson. When young her father came to Indiana, 
where he grew to manhood, and for some years he was engaged in farming 
in Fayette county, where all his children by his first wife were born. Later 
he bought a fine farm in Shelby county, and, on disposing of that place, he 
removed to Tipton county, where he owned six or eight hundred acres of 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 155 

land. At one time he was prosperous, but by endorsing the note of a pork- 
packer he lost heavily and this greatly reduced his estate. He was a strong 
Democrat in politics and a very prominent man in his community. He died 
in October, 1870, and the mother of Mrs. Elwell passed away in Fayette 
county in 1850. To them were born six children, named as follows: Mrs. 
Elmira Lowery, deceased ; Benjamin, deceased ; Julia, wife of our subject ; 
Jefferson C, now a resident of Greenfield, Indiana ; Mrs. Jane Brattain, and 
Mrs. Letitia Cass, a widow, now a resident of Memphis, Tennessee. For 
his second wife Mr. Patterson wedded Miss Mary J. Legg, a. daughter of 
Thomas Legg, of Fayette county, and to them were born four children : 
John M. , H. Woodford, William and Mrs. Laura Brantal, of Tipton county. 
The second wife died eight months after his death. He was a genial, pleas- 
ant gentleman and an entertaining companion, was public-spirited and enter- 
prising, and believed in always keeping abreast of the times. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Elwell were born two children, but the elder, Frank 
v., died young. Wilbur, born April 27, 1868, is now engaged in farming on 
a portion of the homestead. He married Miss Catherine Thompson, a 
daughter of Miles Thompson, a farmer of Fayette county, and to them have 
been born two children : Marie, who is now attending school, and Glenn, at 
home. 

JOHN L. RUPE. 

A practitioner at the Richmond bar, John L. Rupe was born in Econ- 
omy, Wayne county, Indiana, October 27, 1847, and is a son of Henry B. 
and Jane M. (Hervey) Rupe. The family originated in Germany and was first 
planted on American soil in Virginia. George Rupe, the grandfather of our 
subject, was born and reared in the Old Dominion, and in 1821 came to 
Wayne county, Indiana, where for a short time he engaged in the manufac- 
ture of hats. He then removed to Economy, where he continued in the 
same line of business for many years; he died in the early '60s, when he had 
reached the age of sixty- five years. He married Margaret Baldwin and they 
had four children, namely: Catharine became the wife of Dr. Henry Carver; 
and both are now deceased; Henry B.; John L., a medical student, who 
died in early manhood; and Hamilton N., a pump manufacturer of Indian- 
apolis. 

Rev. Henry Baldwin Rupe, father of our subject, was for many years 
one of the most distinguished, influential and honored citizens of Wayne 
county. He was born in Blount county, Tennessee, June 23, 1821, and died 
in Richmond, June 28, 1897. When only six months old he was brought by 
his parents to Wayne county, and he spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth in Economy. He became a leader in public thought and action there 
and left the impress of his individuality upon the moral, intellectual and 



156 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

material development of the town. In his youth he learned the hatter's 
trade under the direction of his father, and he followed the business for 
sometime, but abandoned it in 1858 in order to devote his energies to other 
duties. He was endowed by nature with excellent oratorical gifts, and 
before attaining his majority gave much time to public speaking, devoting 
his attention to the discussion of slavery and temperance questions. Youth- 
ful enthusiasm, combined with strong mentality and a clear insight into 
the problems under discussion, made him a very forceful as well as enter- 
taining speaker, and for years he delivered many public addresses through- 
out the country on liberty, temperance and popular education. He was a 
lover of freedom and an inflexible opponent of oppression. Injustice 
always stirred his indignation. He "loved righteousness and hated 
iniquity," was a man of broad humanitarian principles and gave his influ- 
ence to all that would elevate his fellow men. In politics he acted with 
the Free-soil party until the organization of the Republican party, when the 
latter, which gave promise of larger service to the cause of freedom, 
received his support. The distinct character of his moral convictions made 
him a radical in politics and religion, but his radicalism was associated with 
a soundness of judgment and breadth of sympathy that kept him from 
fanatical extremes. During the civil war he was an ardent patriot and an 
enthusiastic supporter of the administration, while to the Union cause he 
contributed generously of his means and personal influence. 

In the local interests of Economy, where he resided for almost forty 
years, he also took a deep and commendable interest, giving his co-operation 
and assistance to all measures for the general good. For many years he 
served as a member of the school board, and the cause of education in Econ- 
omy found in him a warm friend. He served as justice of the peace for some 
time, and in 1862 was elected county treasurer, which position he filled for 
four years. In early life he united with the Wesleyan church, led to this step 
by the strong anti-slavery sentiment of that denomination. Not long after- 
ward, however, further study and reflection led him to adopt the views of the 
Baptist church, with which he united, becoming a most active worker in the 
Sunday-school and along many lines of Christian labor. After several years 
devoted to public speaking on political and moral questions, many of his 
friends urged him to enter the ministry, and after considerable hesitation on 
his part he resolved to do so, and was ordained. He seldom accepted a reg- 
ular pastorate, depending upon other means for a livelihood, but through the 
intervening years, until failing health caused his retirement, he seldom failed 
to fill some pulpit on the Sabbath and deliver the " glad tidings of great joy" 
to the people. A local paper said of him: " Besides the regular supply of 
several churches of his own faith, he was continually being called on to preach 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 157 

at school-houses and churches in all parts of the county, to people of various 
denominations. It is doubtful if any other man in the county has been called 
on to speak in so many parts of it, or to so many congregations with beliefs 
differing from his own, as he was. As a speaker he was animated, sympa- 
thetic, impressive and magnetic. In Christian doctrine he was thoroughly 
evangelical; in denominational beliefs he was positive and unyielding; yet his 
Christian sympathies were so broad and his Christian character was so gen- 
uine that his denominational opinions were never a bar to the most cordial 
fellowship with all who possessed the spirit of Christ." 

His home life was most ideal in nature and pleasant in character. He 
entertained exalted opinions of what the home should be and was most 
devoted to wife and children. On the 5th of October, 1843, Henry B. Rupe 
was united in marriage to Jane M., daughter of Rev. Samuel and Elizabeth 
Hervey, and to them were born three sons and two daughters: Clarence M., 
a resident of Lima, Ohio; John L. ; Mrs. J. W. Moore; Judson R. ; and 
Mrs. S. S. Ford, — all of Richmond with the exception of the first named. 
In November, 1889, Rev. Henry B. Rupe was called upon to mourn the loss 
of her who for forty-five years had been his faithful companion and helpmeet 
on the journey of life. Later he was united in marriage to Mrs. Rebecca 
Harriman, with whom his last years were peacefully and happily spent. 
Perhaps his dominant and most notable characteristic was his fidelity to 
truth and honor. He invariably sought the things that were "honest and 
of good repute." In the training of his children no precepts were so con- 
stantly or so urgently insisted on as those which concern sound and worthy 
character. He taught that honor and truthfulness were of such commanding 
worth that self-interest should never under any circumstances set them aside. 
A falsehood or a dishonorable deed with him was not only a sin; it was a 
disgrace. These principles were a standard by which he constantly estimated 
men, and to which he religiously held himself. Whatever else he might do 
or fail to do, he meant to be, in all his actions, right before God and man. 
His life was an inspiration to all who knew him and his memory remains to 
his friends and children as a blessed benediction of a noble and upright char- 
acter. One who knew him long and intimately said he exemplified most 
completely the lines of Goldsmith: 

" On he moves to meet his latter end, 

Angels around befriending virtue's friend; 

Sinks to the grave with unperceived decay, 

While resignation gently cloves the way, 

And all his prospects brightening to the last, 

His heaven commences ere the world be past." 

The family of this honored man is well represented by John L. Rupe, 
a successful and distinguished lawyer of Richmond, whose marked abilities 



158 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

have gained him prestige among those who are devoting their energies to the 
legal profession. He spent the first fifteen years of his life in his native 
town of Economy, and then went with his parents to Centervilie, where he 
remained for ten years. He acquired a good English education in the public 
schools, and was engaged in business with his father in the county treasurer's 
office from 1862 until 1867. In the latter year he began the study of law, 
and was admitted to the bar in November, 1868. In 1868 he was deputy 
auditor of the county, and in 1870 was elected district attorney, filling the 
position most acceptably for two years, when, in 1872, he was re-elected. 
He served in that capacity until 1873, when the office was abolished by act 
of the legislature, doing away with the common-pleas system. 

In March, 1872, Mr. Rupe removed to Richmond, where he has since 
made his home. In 1875 he was elected city attorney, holding the office for 
eight years. With the exception of a single year he has served as county 
attorney a period of twelve consecutive years, and his long continuance in 
office is unmistakable evidence of his ability as a practitioner and of his 
unwavering fidelity to duty. In 1883 he was elected mayor of Richmond for 
a two-years term, and his administration was most progressive, the affairs of 
the city being ably and systematically managed. For a quarter of a century 
he has been connected with most of the important litigation tried in the 
Wayne circuit, and his clientage has been very extensive. During that time 
he has been in several partnership relations. In 1878 he formed a partner- 
ship with Hon. Henry C. Fox, under the firm name of Fox & Rupe, which 
connection was continued until the former was elected to the bench. In 
1879 he became a partner with William Dudley Foulke, and the firm of 
Foulke & Rupe continued in active practice until 1887, when the senior 
partner retired to private life. Subsequently Mr. Rupe became associated in 
practice with Charles H. Burchenal under the firm name of Burchenal & 
Rupe, which relation was continued until 1894. Through the last five 
years Mr. Rupe has been alone in practice, and has met with gratifying 
success in his professional labors. Since 1890 he has been solicitor for the 
Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railway Company. His knowl- 
edge of law is comprehensive, embracing an understanding of nearly every 
department of jurisprudence. He has won for himself very favorable criti- 
cism for the careful and systematic methods which he has followed. He 
has remarkable powers of concentration and application, and his retentive 
mind has often excited the surprise of his professional colleagues. As an 
orator he stands high, especially in the discussion of legal matters before 
the court, where his comprehensive knowledge of law is manifest and his 
application of legal principles demonstrates the wide range of his professional 
acquirements. The utmost care and precision characterizes his preparation 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 159 

■of a case and have made him one of the most successful attorneys in 
Richmond. 

Mr. Rupe has been twice married. On the 1st of August, 1867, he 
wedded Lucy Schlagle, of Centerville, who died in November, 1871. In 
January, 1875, he was again married, his second union being with Miss 
Emma Strattan, of Richmond. He has always been a public-spirited citizen, 
loyal to the best interests of the city, state and nation, and during the civil 
war patriotically responded to the country's call for troops. Although only 
fifteen years of age, he served from May until November, 1864, as a member 
of Company C, One Hundred and Thirty-second Indiana Infantry, and is now 
a member of Sol. Meredith Post, G. A. R., of Richmond. He is a very 
prominent Mason, belonging to the blue lodge, chapter and commandery, 
and has attained the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite, in Indianap- 
olis Consistory. He belongs to the Protestant Episcopal church, contributes 
liberally to its support and does all in his power to promote its growth and 
work. His political support is given the men and measures of the Repub- 
lican party, and his firm belief in its principles prompts him to advocate its 
cause on many occasions. He is a man of well rounded character, his varied 
interests having produced a symmetrical development; and while his energies 
are chiefly given to his business he is a valued factor in the church, fraternal 
and social circles, where his upright life and genial temperament make him a 
general favorite. 

JACOB RIDGE. 

Fayette county's well-known and popular county recorder, Jacob Ridge, 
is a veteran of the civil war and bears an honorable record for brave service 
in the cause of freedom and union, and in the paths of peace he has also won 
an enviable reputation through the sterling qualities which go to the making 
of a good citizen and trustworthy official. 

Mr. Ridge was born February 27, 1838, near London, in county Kent, 
England, and is a son of John and Jane (Clark) Ridge, also natives of the 
same place, who emigrated with their family of three children to the United 
States in 1839 and first located in Ripley county, Indiana. In 1852 they 
came to Fayette county and settled on a farm southeast of Connersville, 
where they remained two years. During the following five years the father 
followed his chosen occupation of farming on a place two miles south of the 
city, and for the same length of time cultivated another farm five miles south- 
west of Connersville. He then purchased a farm in Union county, upon 
which he made his home until called from this life in 1886, at the age of 
■eighty-five years. He came to this country in limited circumstances, and at 
first engaged in farming upon rented land, but, being an industrious, enter- 
(prising and economical manager, he at length became the possessor of a good 



160 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

place of his own. He was well posted on the leading questions and issues of 
the day, took an active interest in political affairs, and voted first with the 
Whig and later with the Republican party. In religious faith he was a Bap- 
tist, having united with the church of that denomination in England, as did 
also the mother of our subject. She died m Ripley county, Indiana, in 1846. 

Being brought to this country during his infancy Jacob Ridge spent the 
first fifteen years of his life in Ripley county, and then came with the family 
to Fayette county. In 1862, in response to the president's call for more 
troops, he enlisted in Company G, Eighty-fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
for three years or until the close of the war. His regiment was assigned to 
the Army of the Cumberland, and with his command he participated in 
twenty-three battles. He was all through the Atlanta campaign, during 
which time he was under fire for one hundred days. From his first engage- 
ment at Chickamauga, June i, 1863, until hostilities ceased, he was always 
found at his post of duty, never losing a day, as he fortunately escaped 
wounds and sickness. He was a brave and fearless soldier, and when the 
war ended and his services were no longer needed he was honorably dis- 
charged June 14, 1865. 

After spending one year upon his father's farm in Union county, Mr. 
Ridge came to Fayette county, and during the following year was engaged in 
farming in Jennings township. In 1873 he removed to a farm in the eastern 
part of the county, on which he continued to reside until taking charge of the 
poor asylum March 10, 1875. For four years he held that position and then 
removed to Connersville, where he has since made his home, doing various 
things for a living. He was a member of the police force of the city for four 
years, and in 1894 was elected county recorder of Fayette county, the duties 
of which office he assumed in October of 1896. So creditably did he fill the 
position that he was re-elected in 1898 for another four-years term and is 
the present incumbent. He is a stanch Republican in politics and when first 
nominated there were seven candidates in the field, but he was renominated 
without opposition, a fact which plainly testifies to his popularity and efficient 
service. 

In 1873 Mr. Ridge wedded Miss Mary A. Hensley, of Connersville, and 
to them has been born one son, Albert C. , who is now connected with the 
Connersville Furniture Company. Mr. Ridge is an earnest and consistent 
Christian gentleman, a member of the Baptist church prior to the civil war, 
but is now a Methodist. Socially, he is a member of Connersville Post, No. 
126, G. A. R. Although he received but eighteen months' schooling, he is a 
remarkably well-informed man, being a great reader and close observer of 
men and events. He also possessed a wonderfully retentive memory and has 
given special attention to the study of history, not only of this country but 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 161 

also of foreign lands. His parents, too, had good memories. Wherever 
known Mr. Ridge is held in high regard, and those who know him best are 
numbered among his warmest friends. 

FRANCIS T. ROOTS. 

The true measure of individual success is determined by what one has 
accomplished, and, as taken in contradistinction to the old adage that a 
prophet is not without honor save in his own country, there is a particular 
interest attaching to the career of the subject of this review, since he is a 
native son of this place where his entire life has been passed and has so 
directed his ability and efforts as to gain recognition as one of the represent- 
ative citizens of Fayette county. An enumeration of those men of the present 
generation who have won honor and public recognition for themselves, and 
at the same time have honored the state, to which they belong, would be 
incomplete were there failure to make a prominent reference to the one whose 
name initiates this paragraph. He is connected with the financial interests 
of Connersville, with its manufacturing and mercantile affairs, and at the 
same time is representing his district in the law-making body of the state, 
where he has acquitted himself most ably, reflecting credit upon his district. 
He also belongs to a family whose name is indelibly inscribed on the pages of 
his country's history. 

Francis T. Roots was born in Connersville, July 17, 1857, his father 
being Philander H. Roots, who fqr many years was one of the most active 
and enterprising business men of the Whitewater valley. The family is of 
English origin and was founded in America at an early day by ancestors who 
sought in the New World the freedom from persecution which they experi- 
enced in the Old World. About 1846 Philander H. Roots removed from hi& 
old home in Oxford, Ohio, to Connersville, and here established and operated 
the woolen mills which for a long time flourished in this locality. In addition 
to excellent business qualifications he possessed considerable mechanical 
ingenuity, and when the water-wheel in the mill wore out he endeavored to 
replace it by one of his own invention which in its operation suggested and 
led to the invention of the Roots' rotary blower, which is now in use through- 
out the world and won him international fame. In this work, as, in fact, 
throughout his business career, he was actively associated with his brother, 
Francis M., and they at length produced the rotary blower now universally 
used in foundries, and established a manufactory for placing it upon the 
market. Many valuable inventions and improvements were added to the 
force blower from time to time, and the business grew to enormous propor- 
tions, returning to the owners a princely fortune. The foundry is still 
conducted under the name of The P. H. & F. M. Roots Company and is the 



162 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

largest concern of the kind in the world. A number of first premiums have 
been awarded the rotary blower at international expositions, — at Paris in 
1867, at Vienna in 1873, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in 
1S76, and at the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. In addition to his 
connection with the extensive foundry, P. H. Roots was one of the charter 
members of the Connersville Hydraulic Company and served as its president 
from 1865 until his death in 1879. He was also a charter member of the 
First National Bank and its president from 1S72 until 1879. One of the 
founders of the Second Presbyterian church, he took a very active part in its 
work, and was trustee and elder up to the time of his demise. 

Francis T. Roots, his son, and one of the most capable business men of 
Connersville, attended the public schools of the city and later entered Chick- 
ering Institute, at Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was graduated with honor, 
winning two gold medals for proficiency in scholarship, one for mathematics 
and the other for sciences. His literary education completed, he began read- 
ing law under the direction of the law firm of Snow & Kumler, of Cincinnati, 
and completed his legal and business training just prior to the death of his 
father, in 1879. He has never practiced law, but his legal knowledge has 
proved of great benefit to him in the management of his extensive business 
interests. He was engaged in the wholesale boot and shoe trade when 
elected vice-president of the First National Bank of Connersville, at the age 
of twenty-two years, continuing in that position until 1S92, when he was 
•chosen for the presidency. His able administration of the affairs of the bank 
■was manifested in its prosperous career. The safe and commendable policy 
which has followed insured it a liberal patronage, and throughout this section 
of the state it has long been regarded as one of the most reliable and sub- 
stantial banking institutions in Indiana. Mr. Roots is a man of resourceful 
business ability and carries forward to successful completion whatever he 
undertakes, so that his connection with any enterprise is an assurance that 
the desired outcome will be attained. He has been the treasurer of The P. 
H. & F. M. Roots Company, and is now president of the Connersville 
Hydraulic Company, and has an interest in the Natural Gas Company, in 
the Mount, Roots & Burrows Company and other manufactories. He also 
possesses considerable inventive genius and owns valuable letters patent, chief 
among which is his triple-sign patent, in which he retains an interest. 

The history of the triple-sign patent is one of intense interest. The 
inventor, Theo. Heinemann, an old friend and school-mate of Mr. Roots, 
had made several attempts to interest others in his invention; but, they fail- 
ing, he came to his old friend, Mr. Roots, and presented the matter to him, 
and promptly Mr. Roots formed a co-partnership with Mr. Heinemann for 
the manufacture of the signs. Their success has been marvelous, they hav- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 163 

ing made over one hundred thousand dollars' worth on an investment of less 
than ten thousand dollars. The signs are used in all parts of the world, hav- 
ing one order from one firm in Liverpool of nearly one hundred thousand 
dollars, and future prospects are very bright. The triple sign is a sign which 
can be read from three points of view, and changes reading as the position 
of the reader changes. 

Mr. Roots takes a deep interest in political affairs, and is a recognized 
leader in the ranks of the Republican party. There is an obligation of citi- 
zenship resting upon every individual which too many of our business men 
disregard, but Mr. Roots, with a full appreciation of his duty and a patriotic 
love for his country, keeps well informed on the issues affecting the weal or 
woe of the nation, and gives an earnest support to all measures which he 
believes for the public good. In sympathy with the principles of the "grand 
old party," he has served as chairman of the sixth district of the Lincoln 
League of the state of Indiana, and was also elected to the convention held 
in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1892. He served twice as vice-president of 
the Indiana State Board of Commerce; was chairman of the convention that 
framed the call for the first monetary convention held at Indianapolis in 1 896, 
and has been a delegate to each of the conventions since that time. In 1896 
he was elected to the state legislature to represent the counties of Fayette 
and Henry, receiving a larger majority of votes than any other candidate 
on the ticket. In 1898 he was again elected by a large majority to represent 
the counties of Fayette and Wayne, and was appointed by the governor 
chairman of the state appropriations committee for the legislature of 1899, 
which had much to do with the recommendation of the expenditure of nearly 
three milhons of dollars for the penal, benevolent and educational institu- 
tions of the state. He was also the author of the bill which provided for the 
appointment of the commission on state appropriations of 1897, of which he 
was chairman, as herein above referred to, and he has had the honor of 
nominating two United States senators, Fairbanks and Beveridge, an honor 
seldom accorded a state legislator. His name is now mentioned in connec- 
tion with the office of lieutenant-governor of the state. 

In 1880 was celebrated the marriage of Francis T. Roots and Miss Sallie 
M. Heilman, daughter of Hon. William Heilman, ex-congressman, of Evans- 
ville, Indiana. They now have one son, Clarence S. Their beautiful home 
is one of the finest residences in Connersville, and its furnishings are ail that 
wealth can procure and a refined taste suggest. Quaint literature, choice 
statuary and valuable paintings and pictures add to the attractiveness of the 
home, which is at all times pervaded with an air of hospitality that makes it 
the center of a cultured society circle. Mr. Roots and his wife hold member- 
.ship in the Presbyterian church, in which he is serving as elder and trustee, 



164 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

and every measure or movement intended to promote the welfare of Conners- 
ville receives his hearty indorsement and co-operation. He is regarded as 
one of the ablest financiers of the state, as a patriotic citizen, and is public- 
spirited in an eminent degree. In all the relations of life he has always been 
faithful and true, and in his life-work, eventful and varied as it has been, no 
shadow of wrong or suspicion of evil-doing darkens his honored pathway. 

JOSEPH C. RATLIFF. 

The life history of him whose name heads this sketch is closely identified 
with the history of Wayne county, which has been his home for more than 
three-score years and ten. He began his remarkable career in the early pio- 
neer epoch of the county, and throughout the years which have since come 
and gone has been closely allied with its interests and upbuilding. His life 
has been one of untiring activity and has been crowned with a degree of suc- 
cess attained by comparatively few men. He is of the highest type of busi- 
ness man, and none more than he deserves a fitting recognition among those 
whose enterprise and abilities have achieved results that awaken the wonder 
and admiration of those who know them. 

Joseph C. Ratliff was born in Wayne township, near the city of Rich- 
mond, on the 6th of July, 1827, being a son of Cornelius and Mary (Kindley) 
Ratliff. On the maternal side he is of German lineage, and on the paternal 
side is of English descent. Tradition says that his remote ancestors lived in 
the north of England near what is known, even to-day, as the Red Cliffs. 
One of the family became a member of parliament and was known as Red- 
cliff, which name, in the course of time, was changed to Radcliffe, the pres- 
ent English spelling. The great-great-grandfather of our subject was James 
RatlifT, a native of England, who, according to tradition, came to America 
with William Penn and was present at the signing of the treaty made with 
the Indians under the famous old elm tree that stood on the site of the pres- 
ent city of Philadelphia. He was a prominent member of the Society of 
Friends, with which organization his family had been identified from the 
beginning. 

Joseph Ratliff, the great-grandfather of our subject, was born in North 
Carolina, and married Mary Fletcher, by whom he had four sons, — one of 
whom removed to Pennsylvania, another remained in North Carolina, a third 
came west, and the grandfather of our subject became a resident of Indiana 
in 1 8 10. He made the journey westward with his family and spent his 
remaining days in Wayne county, where he died in 1828 at the age of seven- 
ty-four years. He was a very prominent and influential member of the 
Society of Friends, and was one of the committee that opened the New Gar- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 165 

den quarterly meeting of Friends in iSii. He married Elizabeth Charles, 
and had a family of six daughters and two sons. 

Cornelius Ratliff, the younger son, was born in Randolph county, North 
Carolina, December 25, 1798, and in 18 10 came with his father to the terri- 
tory of Indiana, locating on a farm of one hundred and sixty acres, a half 
mile northwest of Richmond. His father secured that land by obtaining a 
patent from the government and paying a dollar and a quarter per acre. It 
had been entered by another man, but had not been improved to any extent. 
Indians were far more numerous in the neighborhood than white settlers, and 
the district was an unbroken wilderness of heavy timber. This was six years 
before the city of Richmond was laid out and six years before Indiana was 
admitted to the Union. In all the hardships and trials of frontier life which 
fell to the lot of the family Cornelius Ratliff shared, and in the arduous task 
of developing a new farm he bore his part. He was only twelve years of age 
at the time of the arrival of the family in Wayne county, and on the old 
homestead he was reared, and there also spent his mature years, inheriting 
the property upon his father's death. Owing to the new condition of the 
country his educational privileges were necessarily limited, but he became an 
extensive reader and thus gained a broad fund of knowledge. His favorite 
volumes were Paradise Lost, Young's Night Thoughts and Cowper's Task. 
Of the writings of the prophet Isaiah, he was also very fond, because of 
their sublime and poetic nature. Later in life much of his leisure was spent 
in reading religious books and papers, and he alse kept well informed on the 
issues and questions of the day. 

He made farming his life occupation and as early as 1822 established a 
nursery, the first one in this part of the country. His catalogue embraced 
nearly all the known varieties of fruit of his day, and it was with great joy 
that he secured a new variety to add to his stock. He continued in the nur- 
sery business, in connection with his farming operations, for thirty-two years, 
and no man in the county was more entitled to honor and respect for his 
honesty and integrity in business. He was married June 12, 1822, to Mary 
Kindley, of Waynesville, Ohio, and they became parents of ten children, five 
of whom are living. His home was always noted for its hospitality, and no 
needy one was ever turned from his door empty-handed. It was in his 
church work, however, that the true life of Cornelius Ratliff shone forth with 
greatest brilliancy. He attended all the meetings of the Friends, and in 
forty years was never absent from his place in the house of worship except 
on three occasions, unless away from home. His was a noble Christian life, 
illumined by all the Christian virtues. During the last six years of his earthly 
pilgrimage he suffered fron^ blindness, but bore the affliction uncomplain- 
ingly. He died June 18, 1S90, in his ninety-second year, dropping asleep in 



166 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the old home where he had resided for four-score years, but his memory 
remains as a blessed benediction to those who knew him, and his influence is 
still potent for good. 

On the old family homestead, settled by his grandfather and subse- 
quently owned by his father, Joseph C. Ratliff was reared, remaining there 
until twenty-five years of age. In his youth he attended the district schools 
of the neighborhood through the winter season, while in the summer months 
he aided in the labors of the farm. Later he was a student in the Richmond 
Academy, but in 1848 he put aside his text-books and began teaching, which 
profession he followed through the winter, and again gave his attention to 
plowing, planting and harvesting from spring until fall. Desiring, however, 
to enter another walk of life, he pursued the study of dentistry with Dr. 
Webster, of Richmond, for a year, after which he took up the study of medi- 
cine under Dr. Plummer, of Richmond. In the years 185 1 and 1852 he was 
a student in the Western Reserve Medical College, at Cleveland, Ohio, after 
which he engaged in the practice of dentistry and surgery in Richmond for 
two years. In 1854 he became engaged in the manufacture of paper, in 
company with Miles J. Shinn and Timothy Thistlethwaite, under the firm 
name of the Hoosier Paper Manufacturing Company, but the following year 
traded his interest in the business for a farm three miles west of the city. 
He next worked at the carpenter's trade for one year, and for a similar 
period followed the millwright's trade, after which he removed to his farm, 
comprising eighty-two acres. He transformed this into a very valuable and 
richly productive tract and carried on agricultural pursuits for seventeen 
years, or until 1872. 

During this period he served as justice of the peace and held other local 
offices in Center township, Wayne county, and was also an enrolling officer 
during the war. In 1872 he removed to a farm west of the old family home- 
stead in Wayne township, and there erected a residence and barn and made 
other substantial improvements, his property eventually becoming one of the 
best farms of the locality. It continued to be his place of abode until May, 
1888, and he managed his business interests so capably that they yielded 
him a substantial financial income. He was also called upon to settle many 
estates and act as guardian for many minors. At the time of this writing he 
is guardian for three insane people and has had several others under his 
charge. 

In 1888 Mr. Ratliff removed to Richmond, and since that time has been 
actively associated with many of the leading business enterprises of the city. 
He is now secretary and treasurer of the Wayne Farmers' Insurance Com- 
pany, of Richmond, was formerly vice-president of the Union National Bank, 
which he aided in organizing, and was also a director in the First National 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 167 

Bank. For twenty-four years he was president, superintendent and treas- 
urer of Wayne County Turnpike Company, which was capitalized for thirty- 
nine thousand dollars, and which owned the national road until 1S94, when 
it was sold. Mr. Ratliff is a man of splendid business and executive ability 
and carries forward to successful completion whatever he undertakes. His 
wise counsel and sound judgment have also been active factors in the suc- 
cessful management of other interests aside from business, and as trustee of 
Purdue University, of Lafayette, Indiana, he contributed not a little to its suc- 
cess. For seven years he was the efficient and honored president of the board 
of trustees of that institution of learning and for three years was president of 
the State Horticultural Society. Through these channels, as well as in other 
ways, he has promoted the interests of the farmer and fruit-raiser, and at all 
times he is alert in his efforts to improve the conditions of all lines of busi- 
ness, that the country may thereby become more prosperous and that all 
people may enjoy more of the comforts of life. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Ratliff is a Republican and is a zealous 
advocate of the policy and principles of his party. In 1875 he was chosen 
to represent Wayne county in the state legislature, and while acting in that 
capacity was a member of the committee on education and sinking fund. 
The cause of education has ever found in him a warm friend and he does all 
in his power for its advancement. He is a prominent Mason, is past master 
of Hiram Lodge, F. & A. M. ; belongs to King Solomon Chapter, No. 4, 
R. A. M., and to Richmond Commandery, No. 8, K. T. He is past grand 
of White Water Lodge, I. O. O. F. , and represented the local lodge in the 
grand lodge of the state in 1854. He is a member and treasurer of the 
Indiana Yearly Meeting and one of its active representatives. 

The last event to be mentioned, but by no means the least important, in 
the hfe of Mr. Ratliff, occurred October 9, 1852, when was celebrated his 
marriage to Miss Mary F. Crawford, of Richmond, a daughter of Daniel B. 
Crawford. They had six children, four of whom are living, namely: Horace 
C. , a farmer of Center township, Wayne county; Walter S., who resides on 
a farm adjoining his brother's; Benjamin S., a confectioner of Piqua, Ohio; 
and Laura C. , at home. A man of domestic tastes, Mr. Ratliff has ever 
found his chief interest centering in his home and family, and has done all 
in his power to promote the happiness of wife and children. In every posi- 
tion which in his eventful life he has been called upon to fill, he has been 
highly successful. As a business man he is upright, reliable and honorable. 
In all places and under all circumstances he is loyal to truth, honor and 
right, justly regarding his self-respect and the deserved esteem of his fellow 
men as infinitely more valuable than wealth, fame or position. In those finer 
traits of character, which attract and endear man to man in ties of friendship, 



168 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

he is royally endowed. Few men have more devoted friends than he, and 
none excels him in unselfish devotion and unswerving fidelity to the worthy 
recipients of his confidence and friendship. 

JOHN S. MARTIN. 

Hon. John S. Martin was born November 24, 1835, on the farm upon 
which he now resides. His parents were Stephen and Sarah (Wilson) Mar- 
tin, natives of South Carolina, in the vicinity of Charleston. Stephen Mar- 
tin came to Franklin county, Indiana, in 18 10, and entered one hundred and 
sixty acres of land where Brookville is now situated and upon which our sub- 
ject now lives. Two brothers, George and William, accompanied him, and 
after about three years spent in Franklin county they moved to Fayette 
county, where they passed the remainder of their lives. Stephen Martin was 
born March 7, 1783, and was of hardy constitution, well fitted to withstand 
the hardships of pioneer life. He began with the determination to make for 
himself and famil}' a home and comfortable living in the wilderness of 
Indiana, and right well did he succeed. At the outset he cut poles and 
erected a comfortable cabin, which sheltered his family many years. There 
he instilled habits of thrift and industry into the young minds of his chil- 
dren, not forgetting that example is better than precept, with the result that 
he prospered above his expectations and acquired a neat propert}' which 
placed him in most comfortable circumstances. He was a man of intelligence 
and was well posted upon all general topics of his time, upon many of which 
he was considered authority. He was actuated by generous impulses and 
was inclined to let those around him feel the warmth of his hospitality, deal- 
ing in deeds not words. In religion he was a Universalist, and he lived the 
liberal faith he professed and believed. He was twice married, his first wife 
being Anise Corner, to whom he was united March 12, 1801. Their children 
were: Elizabeth, born in October, 1803, married William Stoops; Edy, 
born November 15, 1805, married John Stoops; Amos D., born October 15, 
18 10, is deceased, having been county commissioner and a merchant; Will- 
iam, born January 24, 1812; Daniel C, born September 14, 181 5; Stephen, 
born September 18, 1816; Eliza Jane, born July 5, 1822, was the wife of John 
Warren. All of these children are dead. The second marriage was with 
Sarah Wilson and was solemnized in January, 1833. She was born June 6, 
1802, and died February 11, 1888. Her children were: John S. , born 
November 24, 1835; Patty Annie, born June 10, 1838, now deceased; and 
Charles B., born May 28, 1841. Her father came to this county in 1810 
and settled near the farm of Stephen Martin. Stephen Martin died on his 
farm. May 5, 1846. 

John S. Martin received his education in the common schools, and at 




^J^^:^7^i^^' (^ ^r^^2^ta^t_zc^^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 169 

the death of his father took entire charge of the farm, although he was but 
sixteen years old. His father was possessed of five hundred acres of land at 
his death, and of this our subject inherited but one-ninth. He had a warm 
feeling for the old homestead, however, and purchased the interest of the 
other heirs, thus coming into possession of the entire place. By persistent 
energy and the display of considerable foresight he was enabled to succeed 
in this venture, and in 1876 he put up a fine brick building to replace the 
old one of logs. He also rebuilt the outbuildings and placed the farm under 
a high state of cultivation, making it one of the best in Brookville township 
and a model in all respects. 

Mr. Martin was married October 21, 1863, to Sallie, daughter of James 
and Emeline Jones, natives of Maryland. Mrs. Martin was one of eight 
children, namely: William T., of Chicago; Samuel J., of this city; Anna 
D., wife of Dr. John B. Davis; Sallie; Rhoda J., wife of Harman Calpha, of 
Elyood, Indiana; Josie, wife of Alonzo Hays, of Blooming Grove; Amanda, 
wife of John Webb, of Metamora; and Mary, deceased. Mr. and Mrs. 
Martin have no children of their own, but have given their love and care to 
three orphans, — Willie Beutel, Josie Martin and Victor Hugo Tettenborn. 
These children have received all the benefit of a liberal education and well 
appointed home, and it has been the constant aim of the foster parents to 
bring them up to lives of honor and usefulness. On March 15, 1899, Victor 
Hugo enlisted in the regular army and is now stationed at the barracks at 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Mr. Martin is a man of splendid endowments and keeps in close touch 
with all matters of public importance. He is one of the prime movers and 
contributors in the building and support of the West Fork Methodist Episco- 
pal church, which was erected in 1889, and of which he is a member. He 
has voted the Democratic ticket since 1856, and was elected to the Indiana 
legislature, by a handsome majority, in 1875, serving until 1876. In 1890 he 
was elected by the legislature a member of the board of trustees of the 
Indiana Hospital for the Insane. He was appointed by Governor Matthews, 
in 1896, as trustee of Purdue University, a position he still fills. He was 
made an Odd Fellow when twenty-one years of age, and is still an honored 
member of the fraternity. 

DANFORD LA FUZE. 
The La Fuze family, of which the subject of. this sketch is a representa- 
tive, is one of the oldest and largest families in Union county, Indiana. 
Danford La Fuze is a son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Immel) La Fuze. Sam- 
uel La Fuze was born in Uniontown, Fayette county, Pennsylvania, January 
5, 1805, son of Samuel and Eleanor (Harper) La Fuze, the former of English 



170 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

and the latter of Scotch-Irish descent, both born in Pennsylvania. The 
fathers of both Samuel La Fuze, Sr. , and Eleanor Harper came with their 
families from Pennsylvania to Indiana in the year 1814, before Indiana had 
attained the dignity of statehood, and settled in Center township, Union 
county, a mile and a half northeast of Liberty. The senior Samuel La Fuze 
was a weaver by trade, but after coming to Indiana devoted his energies to 
agricultural pursuits. Samuel, Jr., was a carpenter and spent some years at 
that work in Union county. At the time of his marriage he bought a farm 
and settled on it, and carried on farming the rest of his life. March 26, 
1840, he married Elizabeth Immel, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Smith) 
Immel, the Immel family having come to Union county, Indiana, from Fay- 
ette county, Pennsylvania, about the year 1 830, and settled in Brownsville 
township. Mr. Immel had passed the seventieth mile-post at the time of 
death, and his wife was over ninety when she died. The Immel homestead 
has since passed into other hands, and now only one of their children, Cath- 
erine, wife of B. F. Coddington, lives in Brownsville township. 

When he started out in life for himself Samuel La Fuze, the father of 
the subject of this sketch, had only a small amount of means, but he was a 
man of pluck and energy, and he soon showed that he could both make and 
save money. He acquired a fine farm, four hundred acres in extent, which 
was the homestead, and besides it he owned other property, frequently buy- 
ing and selling. His political views were those advocated by the Republican 
party, and he was always active in promoting the best interests of his part}-, 
though never seeking official honors for himself. His death occurred Decem- 
ber 13, 1887, and up to within six years of that time he had a strong and 
vigorous constitution. He managed his own affairs to the last, at different 
times assisting his children, and he arranged his affairs in such a manner that 
all was settled quietly and without any litigation. He was a member of the 
Christian church, and throughout his life was a Christian in deed as well as 
name. His widow still survives him and is now seventy-eight years of age, 
clear in mind and vigorous in strength for one of her age. Their children, 
in order of birth, are as follows: Mary, wife of S. A. Martin, of Liberty, 
Indiana; Ellen, wife of Alexander Creek, died at the age of thirty-five years; 
Samuel Monroe, a farmer of Harrison township, Union county; William 
Henry, a farmer of the same township; Leonidas Homer, also of that town- 
ship; Lucy, wife of T. J. Bennett, Harrison township; Danford, whose name 
forms the heading of this sketch; Oliver P., Liberty, Indiana; and George 
E., on the old home farm. 

Danford La Fuze was born on his father's farm in Brownsville town- 
ship. Union county, Indiana, December 19, i860, and remained a member 
of the home circle until the time of his marriage, which event occurred June 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 171 

13, 1888, the lady of his choice being Miss Myrtle Kitchel, daughter of John 
and Susannah (Patterson) Kitchel, of Harrison township, Union county, 
where she was born February 11, 1869. 

Since his marriage Mr. La Fuze has occupied his present farm. He 
received eighty acres as his part of his father's estate and he has since added 
to it by the purchase of another eighty-acre tract, paying therefor ninety- 
three dollars and seventy-five cents per acre. He has carried forward the work 
of improvement and has developed his land into a first-class farm in every 
respect. He utilizes each year about fifty acres in the cultivation of corn 
and fall wheat and keeps a high grade of stock, his herd of fine cattle num- 
bering about twenty-five head. He has also for several years taken a pride 
in his poultry, keeping thoroughbred Plymouth Rock chickens, which he finds 
a profitable breed. An important feature of his place is its water system, a 
windmill furnishing the power by which the water is taken to places where 
used. In short, everything about the farm shows thrift and prosperity. 

Mr. and Mrs. La Fuze have four children, namely: Hattie Belle, Her- 
bert Earl, Frank Ernest and Goldie Mabel. 

Like his honored father, Mr. La Fuze harmonizes with the Republican 
party and the principles advocated by it. His wife is a member of the 
Christian church. 

THOMAS D. EVANS. 

Thomas Davis Evans, a prominent attorney of Liberty, Indiana, and 
well known throughout the state, was ushered into life in Decatur, Newton 
county, Mississippi, August 17, 1840, and there spent the early years of his 
childhood. When he was seven years old his mother died, leaving three 
little children. His father, Dr. Thomas E. Evans, was born and reared in 
Bath, England ; was educated at Oxford ; came to America when a young 
man and at Philadelphia won great honors as a physician. From there he 
went south, where he met and married Miss Sarah Yerby, a native of Ala- 
bama and a representative of a historic family of that state. After her death 
he married again and moved to Vicksburg, and in 1853 went to New Orleans. 
On account of the great cholera epidemic that year he sent his family north, 
himself remaining in New Orleans and caring for the sick in the hospitals. 
After several months spent in hospital work he started to join his family, who 
were at Gallatin, Tennessee, but at Vicksburg was stricken with the dread 
disease and died there July 31, 1853. He was buried with the honors of 
Freemasonry. While he had a large practice and was untiring in his efforts 
to relieve the sick and afflicted, he was liberal and generous to a fault and he 
died a poor man, the heritage of a good name being all the fortune he left to 
his family. 

Thomas Davis Evans, when a youth, secured a position as clerk in a 



172 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

store and in that way provided for his own support and that of the two 
younger children, his stepmother meantime having married. After clerking 
in several stores, he learned the printer's trade in the office of the Gallatin 
Examiner. In the meantime, June 7, i860, he married, at Gallatin, Miss 
Mollie Johnson, daughter of James S. Johnson, mayor of that place. 

Mr. Evans had for a neighbor in Gallatin Joseph S. Fowler, later United 
States senator, then president of Howard Female Institute, in which Mrs. 
Evans was educated. It was largely due to the influence of this gentleman 
that Mr. Evans when he became a voter espoused the cause of the Repub- 
lican party. The majority of his friends and neighbors, however, were 
rebels, and at the outbreak of the civil war he took sides with the Union. 
At the beginning of hostilities he took his family and went into the mount- 
ains of east Tennessee, where he remained until Gallatin became a military 
post, commanded by Brigadier-General E. A. 'Payne, when he returned and 
subsequently secured a position in the United States quartermaster depart- 
ment as military storekeeper, an important position, which he held until the 
close of the war, sometimes having in his charge millions of dollars' worth 
of stores. This position gave him a wide acquaintance among military men. 

While acting as storekeeper Mr. Evans took up the study of law, and 
at the close of the war was examined and admitted to the bar at Lebanon, 
Tennessee, and immediately afterward commenced the practice of his profes- 
sion at Alexandria, same state. He soon built up a large practice which 
extended, during the years immediately following the war, throughout Sum- 
ner, Wilson, Davidson and Smith counties, and in connection with his legal 
work he was active in political campaigns, stumping for the Republican 
party. 

In 1870 Mr. Evans came north, locating first at Mansfield, Ohio, and 
shortly afterward came over into Indiana, settling in Albion, Noble county. 
In 1879 he removed from the latter place to Liberty, Indiana, all the while 
continuing the practice of his profession. At Liberty he soon became 
prominent at the bar, and has been connected with many important litiga- 
tions, his practice reaching into the higher courts of the state. For ten 
years he was county attorney of Union county, and it was during his incum- 
bency of that office that the court-house and poor-house were built. His 
activity in political lines has taken him into every county in the state, where 
he has addressed Republican gatherings. He is still conducting a large and 
lucrative practice. 

August 31, 1863, Mr. Evans' first wife died, and a few years later he 
married again. His second wife died previous to his removal to Liberty, 
and he wedded his present companion. Miss Lucretia Julien, at Tiffin, Ohio. 
His first wife left one child, Mollie, now the wife of James A. Murphy, of 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 17a 

Richmond, Indiana; and the children of his second wife, three in number, 
are: Thomas D., a hotel-keeper of Berlin, Wisconsin; Carrie, widow of 
James F. Copeland, who died in 1898; and Carl R. , an attorney with Craw- 
ford & Crawford, Dallas, Texas. He has no children by his present wife. 

ELIAS P. SCOTT. 

Elias P. Scott was born February 19, 1841, on the homestead farm 
where he now resides, in Harrison township, Wayne county, his parents 
being James C. and Sarah (Willets) Scott. The former was born in Bour- 
bon county, Kentucky, in 1797; the latter was born in 1806, and their mar- 
riage was celebrated in 1826. In the spring of 18 13 James C. Scott came to 
Wayne county, Indiana, with his father, John Scott, and William Scott, a 
younger brother, cleared a few acres of ground and built a log cabin. In the 
fall they returned to Kentucky for the rest of the family. John and Mary 
Scott, in the fall of 1813, took up their residence on section 5, Harrison 
township. They encountered many difficulties and hardships during the first 
few months. They had to leave their cabin and go to a block-house that was 
about two miles distant, on account of depredations of Indians, a number of 
times. So dense was the forest at that time that the only way of finding the 
various settlements was by the aid of blazed trees. Wild grape-vines grew 
luxuriantly in the rich soil of the locality and added to the difficulty of travel 
by sending their twining branches across the paths. 

James C. Scott built a log house on the farm now owned by our subject, 
and this was later replaced by a frame building, while the present residence 
on the homestead is the finest in Harrison township. The grandfather lived 
only long enough to see a portion of the beautiful landscape freed from tim- 
ber and the cleared ground transformed into rich fields, the remainder of that 
labor falling to the lot of James C. Scott, who cleared the west half of the 
farm, embracing two hundred acres of land. His son, whose name intro- 
duces this sketch, now has in his possession the two parchment register cer- 
tificates given to his father and grandfather, and signed by James Madison, 
thus transferring the property to them. James C. Scott died upon the farm 
in 1854, but his widow survived him until 1880, and passed away at the ripe 
old age of seventy-four years. Her father was a native of Virginia, who, on 
emigrating to Indiana, took up his residence on Green's Fork, Wayne county. 
Ten children were born to Mr. and Mrs. James C. Scott, namely: John M., 
Amanda E., Melissa A., Lewis, Levi W., Mary R., Elias P., Sarah J., Alice 
P. and Vashti. Only two of this large family now survive, Elias P. and 
AHce, who is the wife of Dr. Albert Southworth, of Los Angeles, California. 

In the common schools of Wayne county Mr. Scott of this review 
obtained his education, and when twenty-one years of age he began operat- 



174 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ing the home farm for an interest in the crops. He has always carried on 
agricultural pursuits, and is accounted one of the most progressive, enterpris- 
ing and practical farmers of the community. All the conveniences and acces- 
sories of the model farm are found upon his place, and its neat and thrifty 
appearance indicates his careful supervision. 

He was married September 30, 1862, to Miss Mary L. Goodwin, who 
was born in New Castle, Indiana, November 21, 1844, a daughter of Rich- 
ard and Catharine (Kinsey) Goodwin. Eight children have been born of 
their union: Attie, wife of Charles Savage, of Centerville; James, of Jack- 
sonburg, Indiana; Richard, who is living on the adjoining farm; Katherine, 
wife of Joseph Burroughs, living on a farm one mile south of Jacksonburg; 
William, of Jacksonburg; Fred E., John and Frank, at home. Mrs. Scott's 
father, Richard Goodwin, was at an early day engaged in the pork-packing 
business, and later conducted a dry-goods store. He was a prominent man, 
influential find progressive, and enjoyed the respect of all who knew him. 
Reared in New Castle, Indiana, he died in that place December 23, 1848, 
and some years later his widow, who was a native of Wayne county, married 
J. G. Welch, of New Castle. They had si.\ children, Tidia, deceased, Will- 
iam, Nicholas, Jennie, Catherine and John. Mrs. Welch died in 1873. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Scott has been a life-long Republican, 
and in 1882 was elected township trustee, in which position he served for 
two terms. Both he and his wife are members of the Disciples' church, and 
Mr. Scott has been active in its support and filled a number of its official posi- 
tions. Since the organization of Harrison township representatives of the 
Scott family have been among its substantial leading citizens, and he of whom 
we write shows the same generous spirit of hospitality and progressiveness 
which has characterized the ancestral line from the early days. 

CHARLES S. LEWIS. 

Honored and respected by all, Charles Sumner Lewis has been for sev- 
eral years prominently identified with public affairs of Fayette county, and is 
now serving as deputy sheriff. He was born in Andersonville, Franklin 
■ county, Indiana, April 13, 1856, but in the fall of the same year was brought 
by his parents, Moses and Eliza J. (Carter) Lewis, to Fayette count}', where 
he has since made his home with the exception of four years. 

His father, Moses Lewis, was born near Andersonville, Franklin county, 
February 5, 1830, a son of John and Susannah (Barber) Lewis, and grand- 
son of David Lewis, a life-long resident of east Tennessee and a soldier of 
the Revolutionary war, who contributed a large amount of money to the 
cause, for which he received nothing. He owned and operated a gristmill, 
\which was considered very large for those times, the products of which he 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 175 

gave to the army. Like the other representatives of the family, he was a 
Whig in poHtics. John Lewis, grandfather of our subject, was born in SulU- 
van county, Tennessee, and in 1812 came with a large colony from that sec- 
tion to Indiana, settling first on Salt creek, where he assisted in putting down 
the first salt well in Franklin county. Later he removed to Andersonville, 
the same county, where he died in 1864, at the age of si.xty-six years. He 
owned a good farm of one hundred and sixty acres and successfully engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. He was a Whig in politics and a Quaker in relig- 
ious belief, but as there was no church of that denomination in his locality he 
united with the Methodist church. His wife died in Andersonville in 1867, 
when nearly seventy years of age. She was a daughter of Eliphalet Barber, 
a native of Rockbridge county, Virginia, who came to this state in 181 5 and 
setted at Andersonville, where he died in 1858, at the age of eighty years. 
He was a prominent farmer and became quite well-to-do. In politics he was 
a Whig. 

Moses Lewis, who is one of a family of nine children, seven sons and 
two daughters, was reared in Andersonville and received a very limited edu- 
cation as he had to walk three or four miles to attend the public schools. 
Leaving the home farm at the age of eighteen, he learned the blacksmith's 
trade at Andersonville and after an apprenticeship of only a year and a half 
commenced working for wages, as he was very handy with tools and soon 
mastered the business. From 1850 until 1852 he worked at Glen wood, and 
for about three years in Decatur county, after which he returned to Anderson- 
ville. In i860 he came to Fayette county and for fifteen years followed his 
chosen occupation in Orange township. The following two years were spent 
in Columbia township, and for four years he again carried on operations at 
Glenwood, since which time he has made his home in Connersville, being 
-engaged in blacksmithing all the time. Politically he is a strong Republican, 
and religiously an earnest member of the Methodist Episcopal church. In 
1855 he married Miss Eliza J. Carter, of Fayette county, and the following 
children were born to them: Charles Sumner, our subject; William D., a 
clerk of Connersville; Frank F. , who is employed in a buggy factory in 
Indianapolis; Edward E., who is engaged in milling and also conducts a feed 
store in Connersville; Anna M., wife of Walter Nelson, of Indianapolis; and 
Ernest, a clerk in Connersville. 

The boyhood and youth of Charles S. Lewis was passed upon a farm 
near Alpine, and his early life was devoted to agricultural pursuits until com- 
ing to Connersville. In 1877 he removed to Glenwood and in 1882 took up 
his residence in Connersville, where he was first employed by the Conners- 
ville Hominy Company, and later was manager for the Connersville Milling 
^Company for eight years. In 1890 he was elected city marshal and served in 



176 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

that position for two terms of two years each. Before the end of the latter 
term he was elected sheriff of Fayette county, and the duties of that office he 
discharged with a promptness and fidelity worthy of all commendation for four 
years, from 1 894 until 1 898. Since then he has been serving as deputy sheriff, 
and has also been engaged in the fire, life and accident insurance business. 
He still owns a valuable farm of one hundred and sixty acres one mile east of 
Connersville, which is cultivated under his careful supervision and conse- 
quently proves quite profitable. 

On the I2th of August, 1891, Mr. Lewis was united in marriage with 
Miss Aurelia Cortleyow, of Fayette county, and to them have been born three 
daughters. Socially he is a* prominent member of the Knights of Pythias, 
the Improved Order of Red Men and the Benevolent Patriotic Order of Elks, 
and politically he is a recognized leader in the ranks of the local Republican 
organization. He has ever taken an active interest in county politics; has 
been a member of the county Republican central committee for a number of 
years, and was treasurer of the same in 1898. He is emphatically a man of 
enterprise, positive character, indomitable energy and liberal views, and is 
thoroughly identified in feeling with the growth and prosperity of the county 
which has so long been his home. 

TIMOTHY HARRISON. 

Timothy Harrison, deceased, for many years a leading promoter of 
commercial and industrial interests in Wayne county, was born May 10, 
1832, in Yorkshire, England, a son of Timothy and Mary (Smith) Harrison. 
The family is one of the old and eminently respectable families of Yorkshire, 
and historians have no difficulty in tracing the genealogy back to the time 
when Charles I. was on the throne of England. Strong intellectuality has 
ever been one of the marked characteristics of the Harrisons, and many 
prominent representatives of the name have left the impress of their 
individuality upon the public life of both America and England. Among 
these are William Henry Harrison, Benjamin Harrison and Carter H. Har- 
rison. In England the family largely followed mechanical pursuits and were 
extensively engaged in the construction of locomotives. 

The life record of Timothy Harrison is one which added new luster to a 
name already bright, for he manifested not only excellent business ability but 
also the higher traits of character which everywhere command respect and 
admiration. His mother died when he was only ten years of age, his father 
when he was eighteen. He was largely reared by his sister Rebecca, and 
when seventeen years of age completed his literary education at Rugby, one of 
the most famous preparatory schools of the world. He was fortunate in pur- 
suing his studies under the superintendence of the celebrated Dr. Thomas 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 177 

Arnold, and his marked intellectuality and literary culture well fitted him for 
responsible duties in life. He dould speak seven different languages, and 
his scholarly tastes and habits remained with him throughout life, enriching 
his thought and broadening his mental vision. In accordance with the laws 
of his native land requiring that all boys should learn a trade, he served a 
seven-years apprenticeship at mechanical engineering, completing his term in 
the Leeds Locomotive Works. A natural predilection for mechanics led him 
into the field of endeavor and he became an expert workman. 

In 1856, in company with his aunt, Rachel Smith, he emigrated to the 
United States, and making his way westward finally located in Newcastle, 
Henry county, Indiana, where he was engaged in the dry-goods trade for a 
short time. Subsequently he purchased a woolen mill at Raysville, Henry 
county, operating the same on an extensive scale and meeting with e.xcellent 
success. He continued in that line of business until i860, and at the same 
time was associated with Charles Hubbard in the ownership of a large general 
store at Knightstown, Mr. Hubbard acting as its manager. Mr. Harrison, 
however, continued a partner in that enterprise until his death, when his son, 
Thomas H., closed out the business. In 1859 Timothy Harrison removed to 
Richmond and became one of the principal stockholders in the Quaker 
Machine Works, in wliich he served as bookkeeper for four years. In 1873 
he became one of the organizers and directors of the Ezra Smith Manufact- 
uring Association, now doing business under the name of the Richmond Cas- 
ket Works. It was capitalized for one hundred thousand dollars, with a 
paid-up capital of ninety-six thousand dollars. Mr. Harrison continued to 
serve as bookkeeper in that industry until his death, which occurred March 
22, 1 88 1, and his wise management and business ability contributed not a 
little to the success of the undertaking. 

Mr. Harrison was likewise prominent in church work and was a recog- 
nized leader in the Friends' meeting, serving for many years as clerk of the 
Whitewater meeting and as elder of the Indiana yearly meeting. He was an 
earnest, zealous and untiring worker in the cause of the Master, and in con- 
nection with William Tate organized a Sunday-school for the colored 
children of Richmond. They began with only a few scholars, but developed 
the school until it became the largest ever held in Richmond. He gave his 
support to all measures which he believed to be of public benefit, and exer- 
cised his right of franchise in support of the Republican party, in whose prin- 
ciples he firmly believed, although he took no active part in politics. He was 
a man of good judgment and sound financial ability; and that he had the 
unlimited confidence of his fellow men was shown by the fact that he was fre- 
quently chosen to settle up estates. 

Mr. Harrison was united in marriage, in 1858, to Miss Naomi W. Mor- 



178 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

gan, and to them were born the following: children: Mrs. Mary E. Tits- 
worth, who was educated in the high schSol of Richmond and Westtown, 
and is now a resident of Chicago; Thomas H., whose sketch appears follow- 
ing this; Mrs. Susan R. Johnson, a graduate of Earlham College, now of 
Whittier, California; Elizabeth, who died in infancy; Anna R. , who received 
a high-school education and became a trained nurse in the Ann Arbor Med- 
ical hospital, where she became head nurse, and when she handed in her 
resignation in the spring of 1896 received the unanimous vote of the medical 
faculty to the place again; Timothy, who was educated in Earlham, married 
Pearl, daughter of Senator Landers, a prominent Democratic politician of 
Indianapolis, and is now buyer for the Stubbs Construction Company, Chi- 
cago, having previously, in 1893, served as manager for the Chicago Wreck- 
ing Company, which was engaged in wrecking buildings after great confla- 
grations; Miriam Alice, a graduate of Earlham, who pursued a post-graduate 
course of education in Bryn Mawr. 

Mr. Harrison was most devoted to his family and counted no effort 
or sacrifice too great that would enhance the welfare and happiness of his 
wife and children. He crossed the Atlantic ocean thirteen times, the first 
time after his arrival in America in 1858, when with his bride he went on a 

■wedding tour to the land of his birth. In 1867 also he went abroad, accom- 

:panied by his wife and three of their children, visiting his brother, Thomas 

-H. Harrison, who still resided in the mother country. 

Mr. Harrison of this review long ranked among the foremost representa- 
tives of business and religious interests in Richmond, and his death was a sad 
loss to the community. His widow still resides in West Richmond, in a res- 
dence erected by Mr. Harrison soon after his arrival in this city, but 
which was remodeled, enlarged and improved in 1870. Like her husband 
she shares in the warm regard of his many friends, and is an earnest Chris- 

- tian lady. 

THOMAS H. HARRISON. 
In connection with industrial interests, the reputation of Thomas Henry 

'Harrison is not limited by the confines of Richmond, his name being well 
known in this connection in Chicago and many of the leading cities through- 
out the central section of our country. In studying the lives and characters 
of prominent men we are naturally led to inquire into the secret of their suc- 

V cess and the motives that prompted their action. Success is oftener a matter 
of experience and sound judgment and thorough preparation for a life-work 
than it is of genius, however bright. When we trace the career of those whom 
the world acknowledges as successful, and of those who stand highest in 
public esteem, we find that in almost every case they are those who have 
risen gradually by their own efforts, their diligence and perseverance. These 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 179 

qualities are undoubtedly possessed in a large measure by the gentleman 
whose name introduces this sketch, and who, by reason of his marked busi- 
ness ability, has recently been appointed manager for the Hazel Pure Food 
Company. 

Mr. Harrison, a son of Timothy Harrison, was born on Cedar Hill, at 
the corner of Main and West Seventh streets, Richmond, November i6, i860. 
He pursued his education in the old Whitewater Friends' school, in a district 
school taught by Mary Harris, an eminent educator and graduate of Vassar 
College, and later entered Earlham College, where he was graduated in the 
class of 1880. He entered upon his business career as an architect and 
builder, and has since continued in that line of business. He erected the 
Richmond city hall in 1S86, and also built a number of the dwellings in 
Richmond and Earlham Place. In 1885 he took the contract for the erec- 
tion of the laboratory for Morrison, Plummer & Company, of Chicago; in 
1887 superintended the construction of the water-works at Fort Smith, 
Arkansas, for A. L. Pogue; in 1888 he built Lindley Hall, of Earlham Col- 
lege; and in 1889 sent in an estimate for the building of the court-house at 
Richmond, but was not awarded the contract. He then went to Chicago, 
where he erected the Lakeside hospital; was the architect and superintendent 
of construction of the plant of the Chicago Wire & Spring Company, near 
Blue Island, and of Farquhar's furnace plant. He also superintended the 
construction of the Epworth and Columbia hotels, — World's Fair enter- 
prises, — and remodeled a hotel in Buffalo and one on the Bowery in New 
York city. In connection with Mr. Campfield he erected the State Soldiers' 
Home at Lafayette, Indiana, in 1896, and has figured on contracts from 
Pittsburg to Little Rock, Arkansas, and from the north to the south. In 
September, 1898, he accepted the position of manager for the Hazel Pure 
Food Company, having charge of their extensive plant, which is being erected 
and is owned by the well-known firm of Siegel, Cooper & Company, of Chicago. 
He will have charge of the manufacturing department, a most responsible 
position, the duties of which, however, he is ably qualified to discharge. 

In 1885 Mr. Harrison wedded Miss Claribel Barrett, of Spring Valley, 
Ohio, a daughter of Isaac M. Barrett, an extensive miller and pork-packer, 
who has also served as state senator of Ohio. Unto our subject and his wife 
have been born seven children, six of whom are living, namely: Isaac Mer- 
ritt, Raymond T., Russell Earl, Carlos E., William Henry and Thomas. 
The third son, Julian Paul, has passed away. 

In his political views Mr. Harrison is a stalwart Republican and takes a 
deep interest in the issues and questions of the day, at the same time labor- 
ing earnestly to promote the growth and insure the success of the party. His 
family have long been connected with the Society of Friends, and he is like- 



180 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

wise connected therewith. For a time after his father's death he served as 
clerk of the Whitewater meeting. He is a man of commanding influence in 
the community and the county, and widely known and honored throughout 
the state as one who is always on the right side of all questions affecting 
moral and educational interests. He has attained prominence in business 
circles, while in private life no man in Richmond has more friends than he, 
and they have been won and are being retained by his attractive personality, 
his outspoken devotion to the best interests of the community and his mental 
ability, which is of a high order. 

SAMUEL H. MORRIS. 

Samuel Heffley Morris, of Harrison township, Wayne county, is num- 
bered among the veterans of the civil war and is a worthy representative of 
one of the pioneer families of this region. He is a grandson of Jonathan 
Morris, whose birth occurred in 1789, in Pasquotank, North Carolina. He 
married Abigail Charles, and in 18 16 they came to Wayne county. Settling 
in this township, they passed the rest of their lives here, esteemed and honored 
by all who knew them. He died in 1844, and two years later his widow 
passed to her reward, when fifty years of age. 

The father of our subject, Elias Morris, was the eldest son born to his 
parents, his birth taking place in this township, November 6, 18 17. Here, 
amid the wild scenes of frontier life, he grew to manhood, reared in the noble 
ethics of the Society of Friends, to which his parents belonged. He was 
independent enough, however, to marry the woman he loved, notwithstand- 
ing that she was not a member of the sect, and for this reason he was 
excluded from the church, as was the rule at that time. Mrs. Morris, who is 
still living, was formerly Miss Margaret Heffley, and fifty-five years have rolled 
away since she became the wife of the sturdy pioneer. Her parents, Samuel 
and Mary (Myers) Heffley, natives of Pennsylvania, resided in this county for 
a number of years, dying here, the father in 1840, at the age of forty- 
seven years, and the mother in 1857, when in her fifty-seventh year. 
Quiet and somewhat retiring in disposition, fond of his home and family, 
Elias Morris spent his life in a manner beyond reproach. Friends he had 
by the score, and as far as known he had no enemies. Ever glad to aid 
those who were unfortunate, he followed the teachings of the golden rule, 
and all loved him. For some time previous to his death, which event 
occurred December 23, 1889, he was an invalid, but he was remarkably 
patient and uncomplaining. His widow, who was born in 1824, is living on 
the old homestead where she has dwelt for so many years. 

Samuel H. Morris, the eldest child of Elias Morris and wife, was born 
October 11, 1845, on this homestead, which property was purchased by his 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 181 

grandfather in the early days of this county. The other children of Elias 
Morris are Henry F., Jonathan P., Mrs. Sarah Miller, Mrs. Melinda J. Mills 
and Martha, who died at the age of twenty years, and Mary E., who died at 
twenty-six years of age. 

On the 1 8th of December, 1863, S. H. Morris enlisted in the defense 
of his country, becoming a member of Company K, One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry. From Camp 
Wayne he went to Nashville, Tennessee, where the regiment was attached 
to the Twenty-third Army Corps, and proceeded to take part in the memor- 
able Atlanta campaign under the leadership of General Sherman. From 
the important battle of Buzzards' Roost to the evacuation of Atlanta by the 
Confederate forces under General Hood, the gallant One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth was actively engaged in the numerous battles with the rebels, 
suffering severe loss. When Sherman' started on his march to the sea, it 
was transferred to the command of General Thomas and aided in the Nash- 
ville campaign, which resulted in marked victory for the Union forces. Sub- 
sequently our subject's regiment was sent to the Atlantic coast, by way of 
Washington, and in North Carolina took part in the battle of Kingston, after 
which it proceeded to Goldsboro, North Carolina, where it joined General 
Sherman's army. From that time until the 31st of August, 1865, when 
they were mustered out of the service at Greensboro, North Carolina, the 
regiment was on garrison duty, and finally the boys who had made such 
a splendid record were honorably discharged at Indianapolis, in September. 
Mr. Morris was always thoroughly trustworthy and true to his duty. Though 
only eighteen years old at the time of his enlistment, he performed his 
arduous tasks with the steadiness and- discretion of a man of twice his age, 
and it was a matter of pride to him that he was never forced to go to the 
hospital. On the 21st of July, 1864, under the blazing southern sun, during 
the siege of Atlanta, a day made memorable by the death of the gallant 
General McPherson, Mr. Morris received a sunstroke, which rendered him 
unconscious for several hours. In consequence he was granted a permit to 
"march at will," and thus managed to stay with his regiment. Many a 
summer since, he has suffered more or less severely from the effects of that 
stroke, and his health has been less robust since the hardships and privations 
of the war were endured by him. He is an honored member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, belonging to M. D. Leeson Post, No. 453, of Jack- 
sonburg, Indiana. Since his return home he has devoted himself to the 
cultivation of the old homestead, where his entire life, with the exception 
of the years given to his country, has been passed. Strictly upright and 
above reproach in all his dealings with others, he merits the high esteem in 
which he is held by all who have the pleasure of his acquaintance. 



182 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



MILES K. MOFFETT. 

The present efficient and popular clerk of Fayette county, Miles K. Mof- 
fett, holds and merits a place among its representative citizens, and the story 
of his life, while not particularly dramatic, is such as to offer a typical 
example of that alert American spirit which has enabled many an individual 
to rise from obscurity to a position of influence and renown solely through 
native talent, indomitable perseverance and singleness of purpose. 

A native of Fayette county, Mr. Moffett was born in Fairview township, 
September 21, i860, and is a son of John and Fanny J. (Hamilton) Moffett, 
the former of Scotch and the latter of Irish descent. The paternal grand- 
parents, Joseph and Salome (Heller) Moffett, were born, reared and married 
near Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, where they continued to make their home 
until the removal of the family to Fayette county, Indiana, in 1826, when 
they settled on Williams creek, six miles west of Connersville. The grand- 
father, who was a life-long agriculturist, owned and operated a large farm 
here and in his undertakings met with excellent success. He also built the 
first gristmill on Williams creek and carried on milling for a number of 
years. Politically he was first a Whig and later a Republican, and in 1840 
served as county commissioner of Fayette county. He died on his farm in 
1872, when between seventy-five and eighty years of age. He filled the office 
of justice of the peace for a number of years, and was long a consistent and 
faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal church. In his family were 
seven children, four sons and three daughters, all of whom followed farming. 

The father of our subject, who was the oldest son in this family, was 
born near Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, and was about two years old when 
brought by his parents to Indiana, almost his entire life being passed on 
Williams creek, where he engaged in carpentering and farming as an exten- 
sive agriculturist and large contractor and builder. He was quite a prom- 
inent man and served as county real-estate appraiser for five years. He was 
a stanch supporter of the Republican party and its principles, and was a lead- 
ing member of the Methodist Episcopal church of Connersville. He died on 
his farm in 1874, aged fifty-two years, his wife in 1890, aged sixty-eight. She 
was a native of Fayette county and a daughter of George Hamilton, who was 
for many years a prominent and successful farmer of the county, where at 
one time he owned a large amount of land. Our subject is one of a family 
of eight children, five sons and three daughters, and with the exception of 
himself the sons all follow agricultural pursuits. 

Reared upon the home farm in Fairview township. Miles K. Moffett 
attended first the common schools of the neighborhood, and subsequently the 
Fairview Academy for one year and the Danville Normal School for two 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 183 

years, graduating in the scientific course at the latter institution in 1884. At 
the age of twenty he commenced teaching school, and had taught three 
terms in Fayette county before his graduation. He continued successfully to 
follow that profession until 1894, and was principal of the Maplewood school 
of Connersville for the last five years of the time. He was then elected 
clerk of the county, and so acceptably did he fill the office that he was 
re-elected in 1898, his present term expiring in 1902. 

As a Republican, Mr. Moffett has always taken an active and prominent 
part in political affairs, was chairman of the county committee in 1896, and 
is now a member of the Republican state committee. He read law with 
Reuben Connor, an able attorney of Connersville, and was admitted to 
practice in 1893; but, having since been engaged in teaching and in the dis- 
charge of his official duties, he has not yet engaged in practice. On the 
expiration of his present term, however, he expects to turn his attention to 
his profession. He is quite prominent in social as well as political circles, 
and is a member of Fayette Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; Whitewater Encampment, 
I. O. O. F.; Connersville Lodge, No. 11, Iv. P. ; Connersville Lodge, No. 
379, B. P. O. E.; Otonka Tribe, No. 94, I. O. R. M., of which he is past 
sachem; and is past state president of the Haymakers' Association, a branch 
of the Red Men. Religiously he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church of Connersville. He is held in high regard by all who know him, his 
public service has been most exemplary, and his private life has been marked 
by the utmost fidelity to duty. On the 4th of May, 1886, Mr. Moffett mar- 
ried Miss Anna Hoak, of Hendricks county, Lidiana, and to them have been 
born two children, a son and a daughter. 

DAVID HOOVER. 

This gentleman was one of the honored pioneers who aided in laying 
the foundation on which to erect the superstructure of Wayne county's pres- 
ent prosperity and progress. Through the period of early development he 
was an important factor in the improvement and advancement of this section 
of the state, and was also concerned with the broader interests which had to 
do with the welfare of the commonwealth. 

David Hoover was born in Randolph county. North Carolina, on the 
14th of April, 1 78 1, and was a son of Andrew and Elizabeth (Waymire) 
Hoover. He removed with his father's family to Ohio in 1S02, and in 1807 
came to Whitewater, Indiana. He was of the earliest settlers in this section 
of the state. The land was still in its primitive condition, the forests were 
uncut and the work of progress and civilization had scarcely been begun. 
Mr. Hoover was married March 31, 1807, to Catharine Yount, near the Great 
Miami, and removed to the land selected and entered in 1806, and on which, 



184 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

before his removal, he had erected a log cabin. There he made his home 
until his death in 1866. Although his educational privileges were exceed- 
ingly limited, having, as he wrote, "never had an opportunity of reading a 
newspaper nor seen a bank note until after he was a man grown," he accu- 
mulated a fund of practical knowledge which fitted him for the various public 
trusts confided to him by his fellow citizens. In 18 10 he was appointed a 
justice of the peace of Wayne county and filled that office for many years, 
discharging his duties with marked fairness and ability. In 1815 he was 
appointed an associate judge of the Wayne county circuit court and his serv- 
ice in that position covered an extended period. In February, 1817, he was 
elected clerk of that court, and held the office by re-election nearly fourteen 
years. He would undoubtedly have been continued in that position for a 
longer period had it not been incumbent upon him as an office-holder to 
remove to the county seat. He preferred the farm, however, and in conse- 
quence retired from office. He served as a member of the Indiana senate 
for six years and left the impress of his strong individuality, clear insight and 
sound judgment upon the statutes of the state. A man of strong intellect- 
uality, of honorable purpose and keen discernment, he was well fitted for 
leadership in matters of public moment, and in the first half of the century 
was one of the most prominent men of Indiana. He delighted in reading 
and collected a large and valuable library, embracing a wide range of litera- 
ture, science and general knowledge. This more than supplied the deficiency 
in his school education, and his example strongly commends itself to the 
thousands of young men who, like him, have been deprived of early advan- 
tages, but who, following in his footsteps, may attain success, and perhaps 
fame. He stated his political position thus: " In politics I profess to belong 
to the Jeffersonian school," and he took his motto from Jefferson's first inau- 
gural, "Equal and exact justice to all men." He declared himself a firm 
believer in the Christian religion and was opposed to all wars and to slavery. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hoover were born ten children. Elizabeth, the eld- 
est, married Jacob Thornburg, of Newcastle, and after his death became the 
wife of Simon T. Powell, of that place; Hiram married Elizabeth Marmon, 
and after her death removed to Kansas, where he married Mary Price and 
spent his remaining days; Mary died in childhood; Susan was the wife of 
William L. Brady, of Richmond; Sarah was the wife of Benjamin Hill, of 
Wayne township, Wayne county; Isabel married James M. Brown, of Rich- 
mond; Esther became the wife of Henry Shroyer, of Newcastle; William and 
Rebecca died in early childhood; and David married Phoebe Macy, and resided 
on the old family homestead until his death. His children are Andrew M., 
Henry Irvin and David Simon. 

Judge Hoover died in 1866, in his eighty-sixth year, and his wife passed 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 185 

away in 1865, in tier seventy-sixth year. His was a long, active, useful and 
honorable life, and his name is indelibly inscribed on the pages of Wayne 
county's history. 

His grandfather on his mother's side, Rudolph Waymire, was a native of 
Hanover, Germany, who used to boast that he had been a soldier under his 
Britannic majesty, and that he was in the battle of Dettingen in 1743. For 
some time previous to his emigration to America he also served under Fred- 
erick the Great, of Prussia, as one of his body guard, a company into which 
no man was admitted who was not seven feet or more in height, he being 
seven feet eight inches! 

ARETUS FRANKLIN BURT. 

This name is one known throughout Union county, for here Mr. Burt 
has passed his whole life, and here his parents lived for many decades. 
He is now serving his fifth year in the responsible office of county commis- 
sioner, having been twice elected to this position by his Republican friends. 
He has been active in the councils of the party and generally attends the 
meetings of the county central committee. At various times he has occu- 
pied more or less important township offices and has always acquitted him- 
self with credit. There are sixty-seven miles of graded roads in the county 
to be looked after, and many other quite as important public matters that 
require his supervision as commissioner. 

The father of our subject was Zenas Burt, whose birth occurred in 
Fayette county* Pennsylvania, July i, 1794. He was a son of Zephaniah 
Burt, two of whose brothers were soldiers in the Revolutionary war. For his 
wife Zenas Burt chose Miss Phcebe Ratcliff, who was born May 12, 1799, and 
soon after their marriage, March 6, 18 17, the young people started for their 
new home on the frontier, proceeding down the Ohio river in company with 
Mrs. Burt's brother, Samuel Ratcliff, and his family. Some years later this 
brother went to New Orleans on a fiat-boat and was never heard from again. 
Zephaniah Burt had made the trip to Union county about 18 14 and took up 
some land here. A few years later he located in Henry county, where he 
died. Zenas Burt settled on seventy-one acres of the Union county property 
selected by his father, and this land has never left the family and is now 
owned by James Morris, a son of our subject. In time Zenas Burt became 
well-to-do, owned four farms, and for years was a justice of the peace. He 
was an old-line Whig and very active in his party. Religiously he was a 
strict Presbyterian, concerned about the observance of family prayers and 
other forms of the church. He was one of the zealous members of the Sil- 
ver Creek church, which he assisted in founding and later was influential in 
the organization of the Presbyterian church at Liberty. In 1850 he bought 



186 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the present farm of A. F. Burt, and dwelt here until his death in 1866. His 
widow survived him several years. He had a brother Daniel, who lived in 
Union and Henry counties, and they had three sisters, one of whom, Eunice, 
married John Bradway, of Henry county. In the days of his early settle- 
ment here Zenas Burt was obliged to haul his grain to Cincinnati, a four-days 
trip, and would return with provisions and supplies for his household, enough 
to last for man}' months. 

Of the children born to Zenas and Phcebe Burt, Laban R. was the 
eldest. He was born December 28, 1817, and was a farmer of Kosciusko 
county, Indiana, for several years prior to his death, which event took place 
when he was in his sixty-sixth year. John Milton, the second son, was born 
March 5, 1820, and died in Franklin county, this state, where he had been 
engaged in merchandising. Amzi Elmer, born March 9, 1822, died at the 
old homestead in this county when a 5'oung man, in 1853. Isaiah Gra- 
ble, born May 23, 1824, died in Coles county, Illinois, where he owned 
a farm. Hannah Main died at the age of nine years. Rebecca Ritten- 
house, born August 15, 1829, never married and died when about thirty-five 
years of age. Phoebe Caroline, born September 15. 183 1, never married, 
and died when about sixty-five years of age. Joseph Hayward, born Sep- 
tember 17, 1833, served under General Lew Wallace in the Eleventh Indi- 
ana Regiment during the civil war, and died while at home on a furlough. 
Silas Everts, born December 15, 1835, was a farmer of Union county until 
four years ago, when he removed to Taylor county, Wisconsin. 

Aretus F. Burt, born October 15, 1840, is the youngest of his parents' 
large family, and the labors of the farm devolved upon him and his brother 
Silas when they were quite young, as their father was getting well along in 
years. Our subject remained on the homestead after his father's death, and 
when his mother died he became the owner of the place, which comprises 
eighty acres. He has since added another tract of similar extent, adjoin- 
ing the old farm on the north; and besides this he cultivates sixty-three 
acres of the Whitzel farm (next to his own), thirty acres at the school-house 
and fifty acres in another tract not far from his home. He is very enter- 
prising and progressive in his methods, raises from fifty to one hundred 
acres of wheat and seventy-five acres of corn each year. He keeps a good 
grade of live stock, feeding from sixty to eighty hogs a year, thirty head of 
cattle and about forty sheep. He is a member of the Union County Agri- 
cultural and Historical Society and for fifteen years has been connected with 
the Odd Fellows order. He and the members of his household are identified 
with the Methodist Episcopal church. 

The marriage of Mr. Burt and Miss Juliana Waddell, of this county, 
was celebrated November 29, 1866. Their eldest child, Josie A., is the 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 1ST 

wife of Henry Martin, of Center township; James Morris is a farmer; Carrie 
Alma is the wife of Lewis Harold, of Liberty; Mary Pearl is the wife of 
Oscar Martin, a hardware merchant of Liberty; and Emma Lucinda, Roy- 
den Hays, Frank and Grace are still living with their parents. 

JAMES C. McINTOSH. 

When the history of Indiana and her honored sons shall have been writ- 
ten its pages will bear no more illustrious name, and record no more distin- 
guished career, than that of James Cottingham Mcintosh. If "biography is 
the home aspect of history," as Wilmott has expressed it, it is entirely within 
the province of true history to commemorate and perpetuate the lives and 
characters, the achievements and honor of the illustrious sons of the nation. 
The name of Mr. Mcintosh is inseparably associated with the history of juris- 
prudence in Indiana. He did not look to public or official life for advancement, 
but found it in the line of his chosen profession wherein he manifested ability 
of a superior order, and in the faithful performance of each day's duty, in 
accordance with the principles of the loftiest and most noble manhood. Such 
was Connersville's honored citizen, whom to know was to respect and 
esteem. 

He was born in the city where he spent his entire life, January 13, 1S27, 
a son of Joshua and Nancy Mcintosh. His father was a native of Virginia, 
and his mother of Maryland. In the spring of 1824 the family settled in 
Connersville, and representatives of the name have since been prominently 
identified with the growth, prosperity and progress of the city. The mother 
■was a devout Christian woman and the father was for many years a local 
minister in the Methodist Episcopal church. His earnest labors in behalf of 
the cause were most far-reaching in their influence and he left the impress of 
his individuality upon all with whom he came in contact. He also served as 
one of the associate judges of the county from 1847 until 185 i, and "even- 
handed justice " was manifest in his decisions. 

James C. Mcintosh was peculiarly fortunate in his home surroundings. 
Reared in a Christian atmosphere and early instructed in the divine truths, 
his strong religious nature was awakened, and in January, 1844, under the 
ministry of the Rev. W. W. Hibben, he united with the Methodist Episcopal 
church. His belief, thus manifested, colored his entire career and was the 
dominant element in a character that all who knew him learned to respect 
and admire. He also possessed studious habits aud his love of learning was 
supplemented by a belief that it was his duty to acquire the best education 
possible and thus be better fitted to cope with the problems and responsibil- 
ities of life. His early mental training was received in the schools of his 
native village, and in the spring of 1846 he entered Asbury University, at 



188 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Greencastle, Indiana, where he was graduated in the class of 1849, after 
completing the regular three-years course, with the honors of his class. 

Mr. Mcintosh then accepted the position of teacher in a school in 
Lagrange, Indiana, and in 1850 entered upon preparation for the bar by 
becoming a law student in the office of W. Parker, of Connersville. He 
applied himself untiringly to the mastery of the principles of jurisprudence, 
and in 185 1 was admitted to the bar. Judge Elliott presiding, while his own 
father occupied a seat on the bench as associate judge. At a later date he 
was licensed to practice in the supreme court of the state. Promotion in 
the legal profession is proverbially slow. Each one who takes his place at 
the bar must commence at the very beginning, must plead and win his first 
case and gradually work his way upward through merit and ability, that finds 
recognition as he demonstrates his power to successfully handle the intricate 
problems of litigation. Like all others who have attained eminence, Mr. 
Mcintosh steadily advanced until he became known as one of the most able 
lawyers in his section of the state, the important character of his business 
indicating his marked ability. It is the theory of the law that the counsel 
are to aid the court in the administration of justice, and no member of 
the profession in Indiana was more careful to conform his practice to a 
high standard of professional ethics than Mr. Mcintosh. He never sought 
to lead the court estray in a matter of fact or law. He would not endeavor 
to withhold from it a knowledge of any fact appearing in the record. He 
treated the court with the studied courtesy which is its due, and indulged in 
no malicious criticism because it arrived at a conclusion, in the decision of a 
case, different from that which he hoped to hear. Calm, dignified, self-con- 
trolled, free from passion or prejudice and overflowing with kindness, he 
gave to his client the service of great talent, unwearied industry and a rare 
learning, but he never forgot there were certain things due to the court, to his 
own self-respect, and above all to justice and a righteous administration of 
the law, which neither the zeal of an advocate nor the pleasure of success 
would permit him to disregard. He was an able, faithful and conscientious 
minister in the temple of justice, as he was endeared in private life to all 
who knew him by the simple nobility of his character. 

On the 28th of April, 1851, Mr. Mcintosh was united in marriage to 
Miss Elizabeth W. Martindale, and to them were born five children; Horace 
P., a lieutenant in the United States Navy, who was graduated at Annap- 
olis, Maryland, and during the Spanish- American war had charge of a detail 
office in Washington, D. C. ; Ida L., wife of William Newkirk, president of 
the Indiana Furniture Company and of the Fayette Banking Company, who 
was one of the pioneer manufacturers of his county and has been identified 
with its business interests for more than half a century; James M., whose 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. ISO' 

sketch follows this; William W., who died in Portland, Oregon, in Septem- 
ber, 1898; and Charles K., who is now paying teller of the First National 
Bank of San Francisco, California. 

Mr. Mcintosh was ever deeply interested in any movement or measure 
tending to elevate or advance the interests of the race. For many years he 
served as one of the trustees of the university of which he was an honored 
alumnus. Although his life was a busy one and his extensive law practice 
made heavy demands upon his time, he never allowed it to interfere with his 
Christian obligations or the faithful performance of his church duties. 
Always calm and dignified, never demonstrative, his entire Christian life was 
a steady, persistent plea for the worth of Christian doctrine, the purity and 
grandeur of Christian principles and the beauty and elevation of Christian 
character. He had the greatest sympathy for his fellow men, was always 
willing to aid and encourage those who were struggling to aid themselves; 
yet in this, as in everything else, he was entirely unostentatious. Nothing 
could swerve him from a path which he believed to be the right one; friend- 
ship was to him inviolable and the obligations of home life a sacred trust. 
His upright life commanded universal respect, and his memory is like the 
fragrance of the flower that remains after the petals have fallen. 

JAMES M. McINTOSH. 

From an early period in the history of the development of Fayette 
county the name of Mcintosh has appeared frequently upon its records in 
connection with important public service, and in the subject of this review 
we find one who has labored most effectively in public office for the public 
good and is accorded that recognition which is justly due the public-spirited 
and progressive citizen whose unselfish efforts in behalf of the general wel- 
fare have been attended by splendid results. He is one of Connersville's 
native citizens, his birth having here occurred on the 14th of November, 1858. 
He completed the regular public-school course and then entered the DePauw 
University — the old Asbury University — at Greencastle, being graduated in 
that institution with the class of 1880. Soon afterward he began reading law 
under the direction of Charles Roehl, his father's old law partner, and was 
admittted to the bar in 1882. His practice has covered a wide range in juris- 
prudence, demanding a comprehensive knowledge of the principles of law, as 
well as strength of argument and logical arrangement of evidence in present- 
ing his cause before the court or jury. 

Mr. Mcintosh has been honored with a number of public positions. His 
fellow townsmen, recognizing his worth and ability, elected him to the 
position of mayor in i886, and so ably did he administer the affairs of the 
city that he was re-elected in 1888, serving for four consecutive years. In 



190 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

1890 he was elected clerk of the circuit court for a term of four years, and in 
1895-6 he represented Wayne and Fayette in the legislature of Indiana. He 
was an active member on the floor of the house and was the author of the 
" direct tax " bill for educational purposes, and was a prominent member of 
the ways and means committee. In politics he is a stalwart Republican, 
unswerving in support of the party principles, and for ten years he has served 
as chairman of the county central committee. At one time he served as 
cashier of the First National Bank, and was formerly secretary and treasurer 
of the "Whitewater Valley Silver Plating Company, occupying that position 
for a number of years. In September, 1899, he received the appointment of 
national-bank examiner for Indiana upon the endorsements of Senators 
Beveridge and Fairbanks, and without solicitation on his part. 

On the i2th of February, 1890, was celebrated the marriage of James 
Mcintosh and Miss Anna L. Pepper, of Connersville. Unto them have been 
born four children, namely: Mary E., Jessie C, Dorothy J. and James P. 
Mcintosh. Mr. Mcintosh belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church, and is 
a valued representative of various fraternal organizations, his name being on 
the membership roll of Warren Lodge, No. 15, F. & A. M. ; Connersville 
Lodge, No. II, K. of P.; Otonka Tribe, Improved Order of Red Men; and the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He is broad in his views and liberal in 
his judgments, strong in his convictions and earnest in his opinions. He is of 
a social disposition, courteous and genial manner, and throughout the county 
in which his entire life has been passed has a host of warm friends. 

JOSEPH MOORE, M. A. 

A life devoted to science and education — thus may be summed up, within 
the compass of half a dozen words, the history of Professor Moore, who has 
been connected with Earlham College well-nigh continuously for forty-six 
years. Perhaps to his efforts as much as to those of any other man does 
this now justly celebrated institution of learning owe the high standing which 
it occupies in the educational circles of the northern central states of the 
Union. Few have felt a more loyal and sustained interest in the college than 
he, and few have labored and planned, night and day for decades, for its 
welfare and advancement as he has done. Throughout the state he is known 
as a geologist and scientist, his opinions in these lines being considered 
authoritative. 

The Moores, faithful members of the Society of Friends, resided for 
some time in North Carolina, and about 1820 Joseph Moore, the grandfather 
of the Professor, removed from Perquimans county to this state with his 
wife, Penina (Parker) Moore, and their several children. They located in 
Washington county, where they carried on a farm successfully for years. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 191 

Mr. Moore died on the old homestead there and was survived about forty 
years by his widow, whose age at death was nearly four-score and ten. They 
were Friends in their religious adherency, and in his political opinions Mr. 
Moore was a Whig. Their lives were spent in strict accord with the peace- 
ful principles in which they believed. The children included Samuel, Lemuel, 
Alfred, William, John Parker, Nancy, Mary, Eliza and Jane. 

The father of the subject of this sketch was John Parker Moore, who 
was born in North Carolina in iSio, and was about ten years of age when 
he came to the state of Indiana. From that time until his death, in 1882, 
he was a resident of Washington county, where he was known as a prosper- 
ous and enterprising agriculturist and an extensive dealer in live stock and 
produce. Exceedingly limited as were his early advantages, he was well 
posted on general affairs and manifested a decided interest in education and 
whatever else he thought promotive of the public good. For his companion 
and helpmate in the journey of life he chose Martha, daughter of Joseph 
Cadwallader, of Indiana. The latter was a native of Pennsylvania, and was 
a relative of the Revolutionary war general of the same name. The mar- 
riage of John P. and Martha Moore was blessed with the following named 
children: Sarah, Joseph, Calvin, Walter, Samuel, Franklin, John, Martha, 
Barclay, Ellen and Emory. Those who are still living are: Sarah, Joseph, 
Calvin, Walter, Samuel, John and Ellen. 

Professor Moore was born February 29, 1832, near Salem, Washington 
county, Indiana, and until he reached his majority he lived at home on the 
farm, save when he was engaged in teaching school. He was educated in 
the Blue River Seminary, a Friends' school, near his home, and subsequently 
was employed as a teacher there for one term. His first labors as a peda- 
gogue were conducted in Jackson county, and his third term as a teacher was 
at a school near Azalia, Bartholomew county. Then he came to the Friends' 
Boarding School (now Earlham College) for special study, and at the end of 
the first term was engaged to act as assistant to the principal. From 1853 
to 1859 he gave his whole mind to scientific studies, teaching, meanwhile, in 
the college, and at length he entered Lawrence Scientific School, Harvard 
College, where he enjoyed the companionship and instruction of such men as 
Agassiz, Gray, Wyman and Horsford, then the most distinguished educators 
in their special lines in this country. At the end of two years' work, in 1861, 
Professor Moore received the degree of Bachelor of Science. Returning to 
Richmond he accepted a professorship in Earlham College, which had been 
chartered in that name in the meantime. This position he held for four 
years, when, on account of failing health, he resigned and entered upon edu- 
cational work among the Friends in North Carolina and Tennessee, in which 
he continued for three years. Representing the Baltimore Association of 



192 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENErALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Friends, he looked after the education of the children of Friends in different 
parts of the state, and introduced the first normal school in North Carolina. 

In 1869 he was honored by being called to the presidency of Earlham 
College, where, for fourteen consecutive years, he earnestly strove to pro- 
mote the efficiency and high standing of the institution. Beyond all ques- 
tion he was successful in this noble endeavor, and for years it has been the 
proud boast of many of the citizens of this section that Earlham College is 
their a/ma jnatcr. While President Moore was at the head of the college it 
received its first endowment of fifty thousand dollars. In 1883 he once more 
withdrew from the college, on account of his health, and went to North Car- 
olina, where a year later he became the principal of the Friends' school at 
New Garden, Guilford county. He occupied that position for four years and 
materially aided in the organization of what is now known as Guilford Col- 
lege. Since 1888 he has held the chair of geology and botany in Earlham 
College and has been the curator of the justly celebrated museum. In 1853 
he began the collection of specimens used in his studies, and those specimens 
were really the nucleus of the present fine museum, considered one of the 
most comprehensive and useful of any in the state. In his trips to the south 
and to New England, wherever he went, to the mountains or sea-shore, on 
the plains or in the valleys, he found most interesting treasures, which he 
has donated to the museum. Lindley Hall, built in 1888, was constructed 
with due regard for the. storing and classification of the material he had 
gathered and of which, from the first, he has been in charge. In 1 874 he 
went to the Hawaiian islands and returned with an extensive collection of 
corals, shells and plants, together with implements and various things used 
by the natives. He delivered about forty lectures here and there, on his 
travels and collections. 

In 1862 Professor Moore was married to Deborah A. Stanton, who died 
two years later, leaving a son, Joseph Edward. In 1872 the marriage of the 
Professor and Mary Thorne, of Selma, Ohio, was celebrated, and their four 
children are Anna M., Grace E., Lucy H. and Willard E. 

HON. SAMUEL S. HARRELL. 

The profession of the law, when clothed with its true dignity and purity 
and strength, must rank first among the callings of men, for law rules the 
universe. The work of the legal profession is to formulate, to harmonize, to 
regulate, to adjust, to administer those rules and principles that underlie and 
permeate all government and society and control the varied relations of man. 
As thus viewed, there attaches to the legal profession a nobleness that can- 
not but be reflected in the life of the true lawyer, who, conscious of the great- 
ness of his profession and honest in the pursuit of his purpose, embraces the 




Q^^^o^^^ r^/<^o/x*r4'-^f-^-^-e^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. lOST 

richness of learning, the profoundness of wisdom, the firmness of integrity and 
the purity of morals, together with the graces of modesty, courtesy and the 
general amenities of life. A prominent representative of the bar of eastern 
Indiana is Samuel S. Harrell, of Brookville, who is also accounted one of the: 
political leaders of this section of the state. 

He was born in Fairfield township, Franklin county, January iS, 1838",. 
and is a son of Stephen S. and Ruth (Schooley) Harrell. His grandfather,. 
Chester Harrell, was a pioneer farmer of Franklin county, and Stephen S.- 
Harrell, born in the county, was a successful teacher, farmer and lawyer:. 
Samuel S. Harrell remained upon his father's farm, in Fairfield township, 
until eighteen years of age, acquiring through the medium of the district 
schools the foundation of an education to which he has since continually- 
added by study, reading and observation. He spent the winter of 1855-6 
as a student in the Brookville College and in i860 began teaching school. 
Desiring, however, to make the practice of law his life work, he began prep- 
aration for the bar in the office and under the direction of Dan D. Jones, 
then an attorney of Brookville, and a year later was admitted to the bar. In 
1862 he was elected prosecuting attorney for the seventh judicial circuit, on 
the Democratic ticket, and served two years. He then resumed the private 
practice of law and thus continued until 1867, when he was elected clerk of 
the circuit court of Franklin county. By re-election he was continued im 
that office for two terms, or eight years, after which he again began practice, 
his ability soon winning him a distinctively representative clientage. FronD 
the beginning of his career as a legal practitioner his efforts have beem 
attended with success. He has largely mastered the science of jurisprudence, 
and his deep research and thorough preparation of every case committed to 
his care enable him to meet at once any contingency that may arise. His 
cause is fenced about with unanswerable logic, and his arguments are strong, 
clear, decided and follow each other in natural sequence, forming a chain of 
reasoning that his opponent finds very difficult to overthrow. 

His ability has led to his selection for public honors, and in 1SS5 he was 
elected to the state legislature, where he served for eight consecutive j'ears. 
He took an active part in the work of the assembly and was instrumental irt 
securing the adoption of many measures which have proved of great benefit 
to the public. Largely through his instrumentality the free- turnpike law, 
the Australian ballot law, the school-book law and the tax law were passed. 
He has always been an ardent and active Democrat, has served as a member 
of the state central committee of his party, and for the past four years has- 
been chairman of the county central committee, filling that position at the 
present writing. 

On the 7th of December, 1873, Mr. Harrell was united in marriage to- 



194 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Miss Sarah F. Carmichael, and they have two children, HalHe, a graduate 
of DePauw University, and Edna, now in school. Mrs. Harreli, one of the 
most prominent ladies of the state, is mentioned in the following article. Mr. 
Harreli ranks high at the bar and in political circles, and Brookville numbers 
him among her leading and influential citizens. 

MRS. SARAH C. HARRELL. 

To those at all familiar with the educational interests of Indiana, Mrs. 
Sarah Carmichael Harreli needs no introduction, for her efforts in behalf of 
the public schools have gained her a reputation not confined to the limits of 
Indiana, and her labors in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition 
won her national fame. In all that tends to the intellectual and moral 
advancement of the race she takes a deep interest, and her zeal has been of 
that practical kind that secured results immediate and beneficial. Brookville 
may well be proud to claim her as a daughter, for her career has been one 
which reflects honor upon her native town. 

Mrs. Harreli was born January 8, 1844, a daughter of Noah and Edith 
(Stoops) Carmichael. Her father, a native of Tennessee, came to Franklin 
county at an early day and was a pioneer merchant and stock dealer here. 
His wife was born in Brookville, but her father, William Stoops, was born 
in Kentucky, and became identified with the agricultural interests of this 
community at an early period in the development of the state. Mrs. Har- 
reli was reared in Brookville and received but limited educational privileges. 
Having attended the common schools, she pursued her studies for a short 
time in the Brookville College, but at the age of fifteen she began teaching 
and followed that profession for twelve years, in Brookville and in Ottumwa, 
Iowa. She was employed mostly in the grammar grades and was very suc- 
cessful in her work, having the faculty of imparting clearly and readily to 
others the knowledge she had acquired. She has always been an earnest 
student, her reading embracing all classes of historical and scientific research, 
.together with the classics of ancient and modern literature. 

In 1873 she became the wife of Samuel S. Harreli, then clerk of the 
■court, and while her interest has centered in her home and in the education 
of their cultured daughters, Hallie and Edna, the former a graduate of 
DePauw University, she has nevertheless given the benefit of her services to 
the promotion of intellectual and reform interests. She attended the State 
Teachers' Association in order to help forward every good movement, such 
as teachers' and children's reading circles, and of the results of her labors in 
this direction she has every reason to be proud. The work accomplished 
through these circles has been marvelous, bringing a knowledge of good and 
suitable literature into many homes where otherwise it would have been 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 195 

unknown. She herself has taken a course in the Chautauqua Reading Circle 
and received about twenty-five seals for post-graduate work. She has contin- 
ued her own studies without interruption and most systematically, and her 
superior scholarly attainments rank her among Indiana's most cultured daugh- 
ters. During her husband's eight-years service in the general assembly she 
formed an extended acquaintance among the most prominent people of the 
state and was called to fill many positions requiring marked ability and 
foresight. 

In 1 891 Mrs. Harrell was appointed, by Governor Hovey, a member of 
the Indiana Columbian Exposition Board and was chosen a member of the 
committee on education and on woman's work, but gave most of her time 
and energy to the first named, in the department of literature and school 
work. As secretary of the educational committee she worked almost day 
and night for many months, until every plan was before the teachers of the 
state and a free and full correspondence was opened up from every quarter. 
The scheme for raising money, known as the penny fund, was entirely her 
own, and resulted in securing the funds necessary to carry on a work which 
at first seemed almost impossible to accomplish, on account of the lack of 
money. In the report of the state superintendent of public instruction 
appeared the following: "Under the determined, public-spirited and skillful 
managment of Mrs. S. S. Harrell, secretary of the committee on education, 
the literary exhibit of the state of Indiana proved to be one of the most 
popular as well as one of the most instructive and creditable exhibits made 
by the state. At one time it was feared that this important feature of the 
■work of the committee would have to be abandoned, but Mrs. Harrell, with 
rare disinterestedness, indefatigable energy and clear-sighted tact, overcame 
all obstacles, stimulated active co-operation out of apparent indifference, and 
secured an exhibit which, though not complete in all details, proved clearly 
that in literary activity, as well as in literary achievement, the state of 
Indiana takes among the sisterhood of states a rank of which her citizens 
may well be proud. Mrs. Harrell arranged, in a case convenient of access, 
hundreds of volumes from the pen of Indiana's gifted sons and daughters. 
In suitable portfolios the numerous periodical publications of the state were 
displayed, and convenient tables and racks were filled with the current daily 
and weekly publications. The reading room of the Indiana State Building, 
in which these displays were made, was one of the chief points of interest for 
visitors from Indiana and other states. " The realding room was under the 
direct supervision of Mrs. Harrell, and her genial and social qualities there 
displayed greatly endeared her to the people of her state. 

In the state superintendent's report there also appeared an account of 
the "penny fund," which was so popular and practical that it was adopted 



196 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

by many other states: " Unfortunately, as it seemed at first, — fortunately 
as it ultimately proved, — the financial means for an educational exhibit were 
lacking. This of itself, unless remedied, must always prove fatal to such an 
undertaking. A practical, popular and sufficient plan must be devised at 
the outset for meeting the necessary expenditures in procuring and manag- 
ing an exhibit such as would prove really representative of and creditable to 
the state. Happily, such a plan was quickly conceived and promptly exe- 
cuted. For this we were indebted to a cultured and efficient lady, a former 
teacher, who was appointed one of the lady commissioners of the exposition, 
for Mrs. S. S. Harrell, of Brookville, whose name is associated with the 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union and with educational and literary 
work in various forms, submitted a comprehensive plan." This was carried 
into effect and proved most successful. The plan was that the fourth Friday 
in November, 1891, and the nth of February, 1892, should be set apart as 
Exposition days, on which a programme of patriotic, historical and social 
exercises was to be rendered in every school throughout the state. On each 
of those days a collection was taken, as follows: From the pupils, one cent 
each; from the teachers, ten cents; from the principals of high schools, 
twenty-five cents; from county superintendents, city superintendents, town- 
ship trustees and members of school boards of towns and cities, and college 
professors and presidents, fifty cents. "The result of Mrs. Harrell's plan," 
continues the report from which we have quoted, "has become a proverb 
throughout the nation. 'Penny funds' were collected in other states, and 
secured, in one notable instance, the exhibition of a remarkable statue, the 
Hiawatha and Minnehaha, in the Minnesota building. The exposition days 
were generally followed as proposed in the circular, and in many schools 
unique and original entertainments were devised. The year was one of happy 
memories in every school in Indiana. To Mrs. Harrell, whose patriotic fore- 
sight provided the plan, and whose labors and wide-reaching influence carried 
it through to its consummation, the schools of the state owe a debt of grati- 
tude which is not likely to be underestimated or forgotten. The total amount 
of the penny fund turned over by the treasurer of the educational committee 
was four thousand seven hundred and thirty-one dollars and fifty-two cents, 
and the total amount expended in preparation for the Indiana educational 
exhibit was four thousand two hundred and sixty-eight dollars and fifteen 
cents. The surplus amount has been turned over by the committee to the 
battle-ship Indiana fund to be used toward the purchase of a library. " 

As a member of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union Mrs. Har- 
rell served for two years as superintendent of the department of scientific 
temperance in the public schools, and pressed the subject so closely, by per- 
sonal solicitations and the distribution of many hundreds of petitions, that in 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 197 

the general assembly of 1895 a bill was passed making it obligitory to teach 
the injurious effects of alcohol and narcotics upon the human system. She 
has never felt any interest in the suffrage movement, having views peculiar 
to herself in regard to woman's position and usefulness, — the chief of which 
is: " If she does the very best she can with the responsibilities lying near- 
est her, honors will come, opportunities will open up for her to exercise a 
more powerful and perhaps better influence than with the ballot in hand." 
However, she has no word of condemnation for the woman who " womanly " 
thinks or moves otherwise. 

Mrs. Harrell is a writer of superior ability, clearness, force and beauty, and 
has been a frequent contributor to floral and household magazines and 
educational journals; yet has no ambition as an author. A contempora- 
neous biographer said of her: " Over the signature of Citizen, at the age of 
sixteen, she furnished a series of letters to the local press, so showing up the 
management of the liquor traffic, the boldness of so-called moral and relig- 
ious men in its patronage, etc., that such an awakening to its evil influences 
was created as had not been stirred up for years. Her circular letters in the 
preparation and management of her Columbian Exposition duties and the 
preliminary work leading up to the enactment of a scientific temperance-edu- 
cation law were models of clear and comprehensive composition, possible to 
none but those of a ready pen and clear thought. Her letters of travel and 
those pertaining to the progress, completion and final work of the Columbian 
Exposition appeared in many of the newspapers of southeastern Indiana. 
Her essays and papers on various topics have been voluminous, covering a 
period from her sixteenth year to the present time." 

Mrs. Harrell's ancestry were Scotch Presbyterians, and from her youth 
she has been an active worker in the church. Her last public labor, and to 
her a very dear one, was the opening of a reading room for boys. In this she 
was associated with a few other ladies of her native town. She watches over 
this enterprise with great interest, delighted with the good already accom- 
plished. Who can measure the influence of her labors in this and other 
directions.' The center of a happy home circle, she has also extended the 
field of her endeavors, and many people have been benefited and blessed 
thereby. Her strong mentality and intellectual attainments, her broad sym- 
pathy and charity and her pleasing social qualities 'have rendered her very 
popular and won her the love of many with whom she has been associated in 
the active pursuits of life. 

JOHN MILTON HIGGS. 
For forty years this gentleman has been a resident of Connersville and 
for a third of a century has been connected with its journalistic interests as 



198 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

editor and proprietor of the Examiner, one of the leading Democratic papers 
in Indiana. He was born in Frankhn county, four miles west of Brookville, 
April 5, 1842, a son of George and Melinda (Irwin) Higgs. His paternal 
grandfather, William Higgs, was a native of North Carolina, came to Indiana 
at an early day, and spent his last years in Franklin county. By occupation 
he was a farmer. The father of our subject, a native of Franklin county, 
also carried on agricultural pursuits as a life work. For five years previous 
to his death he resided in Connersville, where he died July 29, 1895. 

Under the parental roof John M. Higgs was reared to manhood, acquir- 
ing his education in the common schools and in the Brookville high school. 
He put aside his text-books at the age of fifteen years in order to learn the 
more difficult lessons in the school of experience and obtained his first busi- 
ness training in the office of the Brookville Democrat, where he remained 
for seven years, thoroughly mastering the business in all its details. Forty 
years ago he came to Connersville, and established a paper called the Con- 
nersville Telegraph, which he published for two and a half years. The 
country then became engaged in the civil war, and on the i8th of September, 
1 86 1, he responded to the call for troops, enlisting as a member of the 
Forty-first Regiment, Second Indiana Cavalry, under command of Colonel 
John A. Bridgeland. He was made quartermaster-sergeant of Company 
L, and served for three years and nine days, during which time he partici- 
pated, with the Army of the Cumberland, in the battles of Shiloh, Perryville, 
Chickamauga and Stone river, together with many skirmishes. The com- 
mand was surrendered by General Johnson, at Gallatin, Tennessee, but his 
company managed to get away. 

After the close of the war Mr. Higgs went to Indianapolis, where he was 
employed on the Indianapolis Sentinel and Gazette. The Democrats of 
Fayette county, however, wanted a paper, and he returned to Connersville, 
where he issued the first copy of the Examiner, December 24, 1867. A 
contemporary publication spoke of the paper as follows: "The Examiner 
was established in 1867. It was at a time when the country was still 
involved in the results of the civil war, when the great questions agitating 
the public were those of reconstruction, a settlement of the public debt and 
providing a safe currency. The Examiner took the extreme Democratic view 
on all these questions, and soon became a noted Democratic organ. It had 
its times of trial and its seasons of prosperity, like all the other papers of 
that time, but in the main its life has been prosperous, and to-day it ranks 
among the ablest Democratic papers of the state. It has always been a 
friend of Connersville, and much of the prosperity of the little city is due to 
the progressive spirit of this journal. In 1887 a daily was also pub- 
lished, and Mr. Higgs now issues both the daily and weekly edition, having a 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 199 

large circulation extending to every state in the Union 'and also to Europe. 
Its advertising patronage is extensive and its success is well merited." 

Mr. Higgs was united in marriage to Miss Kate T. Davis, a daughter of 
Colonel A. M. Davis, who was killed in the battle of Shiloh, October 31, 
1 86 1. Mr. Higgs is a member of Connersville Post, No. 126, G. A. R. , and 
in Democratic circles he has been a very prominent factor, doing all in his 
power to promote the growth and insure the success of his party. He was 
appointed postmaster by President Cleveland in both of his administrations, 
filling the office altogether for seven years. He has served three times as a 
member of the city council and for two terms as secretary of the scliool 
board. In 1872 he received the nomination for county treasurer, and 
obtained the largest vote ever cast for a Democratic candidate in the county 
up to that time, but was defeated by ninety-nine votes. His public duties 
have ever been discharged with marked promptness and fidelity, and during 
his long residence in Connersville he has been very closely connected with its 
progress and advancement, supporting all measures for the public good. 

BENJAMIN MOORMAN. 

As one reviews the history of the county and looks into the past to see 
who were prominent in its early development, he will find that almost 
throughout the entire century the name of Moorman has been closely con- 
nected with the progress and advancement of this section of the state. For 
eighty-two years Benjamin Moorman of this review has been a resident of 
Wayne county. Wild was the region into which he came when a boy of 
eight years. Its forests stood in their primeval strength, the prairie land was 
still unbroken, and the Indians still roamed through the dense woods, seek- 
ing the deer and lesser game which could be had in abundance. From that 
early period Benjamin Moorman has been prominently identified with the 
history of eastern Indiana, and now in his declining years he is living retired 
in Richmond, crowned with the veneration and respect which should ever be 
accorded an honorable old age. 

He was born in Richmond county, North Carolina, August 21, 1809. 
His parents were also natives of the same county, where four of their sons 
were born, while three were born in Wayne county, Indiana. Of this num- 
ber only two are living, Benjamin and Jesse, the latter a resident of Miami 
county, this state. In 1 816 the parents removed with their children to High- 
land county, Ohio, and a year later came to the Hoosier state, locating 
twelve miles north of Richmond, in what is now Franklin township, Wayne 
county. Their farm comprises one hundred and sixty acres of land, which 
had been entered from the government by Archibald Moorman, tha grand- 
father of our subject, who paid for it the usual price of a dollar and a quarter 



200 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

per acre. He lived upon the place until his death, which occurred in 1830. 
He was a Quaker in religious belief and a leading member of the church. 
His life was most honorable and upright, and commanded the respect of all 
who knew him. John Moorman, the father of our subject, after a few years' 
residence in Wayne county, removed to Amboy, Miami county, Indiana, 
where his death occurred about 1887. 

Upon the old family homestead in Franklin township, however, Benja- 
min Moorman spent his boyhood days. He was reared by his grandfather, 
with whom he remained until the latter's death, after which he made his 
home with his uncle, Benjamin, upon the same farm until the latter also 
passed away. When he came to Indiana this entire region was an almost 
unbroken wilderness and the first home of the family was a little log cabin. 
Neighbors were miles apart and it seemed improbable that cizilization would 
soon transform the district into beautiful homes and fine farms, while towns 
and villages would bring into the region all the industrial and commercial 
interests common in the east. As time passed and the land was cleared and 
developed, improvements were added to the farm, the little cabin home was 
replaced by a commodious one of more modern construction, and all the 
accessories and conveniences of the model farm of the nineteenth century 
were added. Indians were frequently seen, and some years passed before 
they retreated into the west before the oncoming tide of civilization. Turkeys, 
squirrels and all kinds of wild game were plentiful, and Mr. Moorman has 
shot as many as a hundred deer in the neighborhood of his home. As a boy 
he frequently rode to the then little town of Richmond, carrying with him a 
grist. He was very much afraid of the wolves, which were quite common, 
often carrying off the farmyard animals and making the night hideous with 
their howls. He also performed his part in the arduous task of clearing the 
land, plowing, and planting the crops, and for eighty-one long years was 
engaged in agricultural pursuits on the old family homestead in Franklin 
township. 

In 1835 Mr. Moorman was united in marriage to Miss Anna Turner. He 
brought his bride to the old homestead, and, in addition to managing the 
farm, he began dealing in live stock, handling cattle, horses, sheep and hogs. 
For fifty years he carried on business along that line and was one of the most 
extensive and best known stock dealers in Wayne county. An excellent 
judge of stock, he found this a profitable source of income, and gained 
thereby a handsome capital. As he approached the western slope of life, he 
laid down his cares, and in 1885 retired from all business duties, but con- 
tinued to live upon the farm until 1897, when he removed to Richmond, 
where he is now making his home. His own industry and enterprise in 
former years now enable him to secure all the comforts of life. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 201 

Mr. and Mrs. Moorman had no children of their own, but their kindness 
prompted them to furnish homes to four little ones. They reared Ruth 
Frazer, who is now the wife of David Pyle, of Franklin township, Wayne 
county ; John W. Turner, who is now the present county treasurer of Wayne 
county and a prominent and influential citizen ; Emma Turner, a sister of 
John, who became the wife of Reuben Rich, of Richmond, and died, leaving 
a son, Morrison D., whom they also reared. 

In early life Mr. Moorman was a stanch Democrat of the Jacksonian 
school and a leader of his party in the neighborhood, but his opposition to 
slavery led him to espouse the cause of the new Republican party in 1856, 
and he has since been one of its stalwart advocates. He has long been a 
prominent member of the Friends' meeting, and for the past thirty years has 
been a deacon of the New Garden quarterly meeting. He is an earnest 
Christian man, and the teachings of the lowly Nazarene have actuated his 
life and formed the principles upon which his conduct has been based. He 
has almost reached the ninetieth milestone on life's journey. His path has 
been marked by good deeds, by honest purpose, by commendable industry 
and worthy motives, and when the final summons comes he will leave a 
record that is well worthy of emulation. 

RALPH A. PAIGE. 

Ralph A. Paige was born in Ware, Massachusetts, August 26, 1825, and 
died in Richmond, Indiana, September 23, 1887. The ancestry of the family 
can be traced back to the early part of the seventeenth century, when settle- 
ment was made in Massachusetts by ancestors of the subject of this sketch. 
The grandfather. Major James Paige, was a minute man on the immortal 
19th of April, 1775, when American history first began to be made. His 
immediate ancestors were Benjamin Paige and Mary Ann (Magoon) Paige. 
Benjamin Paige saw service in the Massachusetts militia, holding a com- 
mission as lieutenant, signed by Elbridge Gerry in 181 1, and one as lieu- 
tenant colonel by Governor Brooks, of Massachusetts, in 1822. 

Ralph A. Paige was the youngest of a large family of children. In 
1 83 1, when he was six years of age, his parents decided to try their fortunes 
in the great and then almost unknown west. They came out to Zanesville, 
Ohio, where after a short stay they moved to Richmond, Indiana, where 
Benjamin Paige for some time kept hotel, or " tavern," as was then the 
usual method of denominating hotel business, at what is now known as the 
northeast corner of Sixth and Main streets. The son Ralph A. for a brief 
period during his boyhood days attended such private schools as the times 
and country afforded, — crude and imperfect affairs, compared with the 
system of modern times; but the greater part of his education was obtained 



202 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

through his own industry and efforts, after his daily work was finished, and 
the midnight hours often found him endeavoring to overcome the want of 
early educational training. 

He began his business career at an early age, first clerking for James 
Morrisson, Sr., a relative of the well known Robert Morrisson, donor of 
Morrisson Library. After some time spent vyith Morrisson he was employed 
in the dry-goods business with James E. Reeves, with whom he was 
associated later on as partner. • In 1846 he started a store at Williamsburg, 
Wayne county, Indiana, but after a short time there returned to Richmond, 
where he continued business with William Wilson. Upon the dissolution of 
this partnership he was associated with his cousin, Edwin C. Paige, in the 
dry-goods business, with whom he continued in business until 1853, when he 
bought out his partner. From this period until the time of his retirement 
from active business in 1873 he was entirely alone in his business ventures, 
which he carried on with excellent judgment and success. 

In 1853 he was married, at Centerville, Indiana, to Miss Mary E. McCul- 
lough, only child of Isaac W. McCullough and granddaughter of Samuel 
McCullough, one of the early settlers of Oxford, Ohio. Two children were 
born to them, Ralmaro and Lillian E. Fraternally he became a member of 
the Order of Odd Fellows, and was an early noble grand in the first lodge at 
Richmond, — Whitewater Lodge. He was also a charter member of Oriental 
Encampment, of which he was chief patriarch. He also obtained the charter 
and selected the name, it being suggested to him on account of the situation 
of Richmond, in the extreme eastern part of the state. Politically his first 
vote was cast for Zachary Taylor. Upon the formation of the Republican 
party he became one of the original members of that organization, with which 
party he continued to affiliate. While in no sense an office seeker or poli- 
tician, he took great interest in the political welfare of his country; and his 
extensive reading of political history and his wonderful memory of events 
and dates were such that few men were better acquainted with the historic 
affairs of his country than he. 

Coming from New England Congregational religious training, his later 
years were, through family associations, more or less Presbyterian. Though not 
a member of any church, his religious beliefs were well grounded, and his 
knowledge and practice of fundamental religious principles were more thor- 
ough than those of many of more pretensions. His belief can best be 
expressed by an extract from a poem written by himself, which we quote: 
" When our work on earth is done, 
And time shall veil our setting sun; 
When the spirit shall leave its mortal mold, 
And all the glories of Heaven behold, — 
Then the goal of life is won." 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 203 

In his business relations he was thoroughly upright and conscientious, 
gentlemanly, considerate and courteous in his personal and social contact, 
and with all mankind an honest man. 

JOHN W. BARNES. 

Conspicuous in the roll of names of men that have conferred honor upon 
the profession of journalism in Indiana is that of John W. Barnes, one of the 
proprietors and editors of the Evening Item, of Richmond. He has a great 
versatility of talents, and exactness and thoroughness characterize all his 
attainments and work. He is a writer of superior force and ability, while he 
has been an earnest worker; and in all the relations of life he is an honorable, 
upright gentleman who has won the sincere respect of ail with whom he has 
come in contact. 

A native of Ohio and a son of William W. and Eliza J. (Littler) Barnes, 
he was born in Centerfield, Highland county, on the loth of January, 1847. 
On the paternal side the family is of English lineage and was founded in 
Connecticut as early as 1645, by ancestors who came from England, where 
many representatives of the family still reside. 

William W. Barnes, the father of the subject proper of this sketch, was 
born near Danbury, Connecticut, in 18 19, and is now a resident of Indiana, 
spending his summer months on his valuable farm in Howard county and the 
winter seasons in the salubrious climate of Florida. He married Eliza J. 
Littler, and of their si.\ children three are living, of whom John W. is the 
eldest. The mother of these children died in 1890. 

John W. Barnes spent the first ten years of his life in the county of his 
nativity, and was with the family in their removal to Martinsburg, Fayette 
county, Ohio, where his father was engaged in the dry-goods business for 
two years. The next removal of the family was to New Vienna, that state. 
When our subject was seventeen years of age he responded to his country's 
call for troops, enlisting in Company G, One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio 
Infantry, and serving until the close of the war. After his mustering into 
the service his company was ordered direct to the Shenandoah valley, attached 
to Sheridan's army and participated in the battle of Monocacy Junction, 
against the troops of General Early, who was advancing north on Washing- 
ton. Although but a boy, he was a brave and loyal defender of the starry 
banner, that is, the cause it represented; and of his military record he has 
every reason to be proud. 

After the cessation of hostilities he accompanied his father on his 
removal to Howard county, Indiana, where he assisted in the labor of clear- 
ing and developing a farm. He also was employed in his father's sawmill 
for two years, and then turned his attention to educational pursuits. He 



204 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

taught his first term in a log school-house in Howard township, in the winter 
of 1867-8, and, soon demonstrating his ability, was entrusted with a more 
important position, that of first assistant in the high school at Kokomo. He 
was then offered a principalship, but declined, desiring to advance his own 
education, which had been abruptly terminated by his enlistment in the army. 

In the fall of 1869 he entered Asbury University, now De Pauw, where 
he was graduated in 1874. Then he engaged in teaching, in the high schools 
of Greentown and Kokomo, until 1878, when he was elected county superin- 
tendent of schools for Howard county, and by re-election he served in that 
office for thirteen years. He was never defeated for office, and his long 
service indicates his popularity and the confidence reposed in him by the 
people of Howard county. 

In 1878 he was elected chairman of the Republican central committee 
of Howard county and served for two years, at the expiration of which period 
he retired, as his duties in that position interfered with his labors as county 
superintendent. While the incumbent of the latter office he was selected by 
Congressmen Steele and Waugh to assist in conducting an examination for 
cadets for West Point. In 1883 he wrote the war history of Howard county. 
In 1S90 he was a candidate for the nomination for superintendent of public 
instruction of Indiana. He discontinued his school work in that year and 
until 1894, in connection with his brother, George D. Barnes, was engaged 
in the saw and planing mill business in Saline county, Illinois, where they 
owned twelve hundred acres of fine timber land. 

In February, 1894, Mr. Barnes came to Richmond and assumed the 
business management of the Evening Item. He purchased a half interest in 
the paper April i, 1896, and on the ist of July, 1898, J. B. Gordon was 
admitted to a partnership, under the firm name of Barnes & Gordon. 
These gentlemen are the present proprietors and publishers of the Item, 
which is now the leading paper of Richmond. Since Mr. Barnes became 
connected with the journal its circulation has greatly increased, and it now 
has the largest patronage of all papers published in cities of the size of Rich- 
mond or less in the state, its subscribers numbering two thousand and nine 
hundred. The leading merchants of Richmond all regard it as the best 
advertising medium in this part of the state, and it is thus enabled to com- 
mand the highest rates for advertisements. The office is equipped with the 
best style of presses, the latest improved machinery, including linotypes, and 
accessories for turning out first-class work, while the literary tone of the 
paper equals that of any journal in Indiana. The proprietors are both gen- 
tlemen of high intellectual culture. 

In his social connections Mr. Barnes is a Mason and Knight of Pythias. 
He maintains pleasant relations with his old comrades through his member- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 205 

ship in Sol. Meredith Post, No. 55, Grand Army of the Republic, and is 
highly esteemed by his brethren of these fraternities. His home life also is 
very pleasant. He was married January 9, 1879, to Wyoma A. Brandon, of 
Kokomo, and they now have two sons. Earl B. and Creston W. The former 
was born March 17, 1881, was graduated in the Richmond high school in 

1898, the youngest boy in the class, and is now in his sophomore year in 
Earlham College. He was a delegate at large representing the Indiana col- 
leges at the Republican Lincoln League state convention at Fort Wayne in 

1899, the youngest representative sent to that convention, and was one of 
the three debaters selected by Earlham College to meet three representatives 
from Indiana University in joint debate in Richmond, April 21, 1899. In 
this debate the unanimous decision of the judges was given to Earlham 
College. 

J. BENNETT GORDON. 

Mr. Gordon is a member of the firm of Barnes & Gordon, publishers of 
the Item, of Richmond, and is the able and efficient editor of that bright and 
newsy journal. He is undoubtedly the youngest editor in the state, and has 
been familiar with newspaper work for many years. 

He is the son of Charles E. and Nancy (Bennett) Gordon, and was born 
in Dixon township, Preble county, Ohio, April 29, 1876. The family from 
which he springs is of Scotch-Irish extraction and was founded in this coun- 
try before the war of the Revolution, locating in Guilford county. North Car- 
olina. Charles Gordon, our subject's grandfather, was born and reared to 
manhood in that county, and moved with the tide of emigration westward, 
settling in Union county, Indiana. He married and brought up a large num- 
ber of children, was a prominent farmer, owning a considerable extent of 
land in this state, and was known as a thrifty, prosperous man. 

Among his children was Charles E. Gordon, the father of our subject, 
who was born in Union county, Indiana, in 1849. After reaching the state 
of manhood he engaged in agricultural pursuits in his native county, and was 
quite prosperous. Later he moved to Preble county, Ohio, where he con- 
tinued as a farmer until 1883, when he moved to Richmond, in order that 
his son might receive the benefit of more thorough educational training. In 
1864 he enlisted in the Ninth Indiana Cavalry, Company D, and served 
through the war. In marriage he was united with Miss Nancy Bennett, April 
26, 1873, who still survives him and resides in Richmond, at which place he 
died April 26, 1885. His widow remarried, wedding Arthur Hazelton in 
1889. 

J. Bennett Gordon was an only child. He entered the district schools at 
the age of five years and was instructed in them until he was eight years old, 
when his parents removed to this city and he became a student in the public 



206 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

schools here. He graduated in the high school in the class of 1894, when 
but eighteen years of age, being one of the four chosen, on account of thought 
and delivery, to represent his class on graduation day. He gave great prom- 
ise of literary talent at an early age, and when a student in the high school 
he was always prominent in every literary task of his class. He was active 
in the organization of the first debating club in the Richmond high school. 

After his graduation he was given the position of city editor in the office 
of the Richmond Telegram, where he showed that he was a thorough mas- 
ter of the situation, and afforded the publishers of that paper great satisfac- 
tion by his able management of that department. In the autumn of 1895 he 
entered Earlham College and completed the regular literary course in three 
years, graduating with the degree of Bachelor of Literature. While attend- 
ing to his class work he took a prominent part in the literary work of the 
college, debates, etc., and was regarded as the best speaker in the class, of 
which he was president. He twice represented his college in the debate 
with De Pauw University, being a member and the leader of the team which 
captured the state championship in forensics. He was also a regular corre- 
spondent of the Item. 

Immediately after graduating at Earlham he purchased an undivided 
half interest in the Item, of B. B. Johnson, and took editorial charge July 
I of that year. The business of the journal is conducted on strictly business 
methods, and Mr. Gordon, as editor, so well understands the wants of the 
reading public that he publishes the news in the most intelligible and attract- 
ive form, and has met with ready appreciation and extended patronage. 
The Item is to-day the leading paper in this part of the state. It is a power 
in the Republican ranks, is bold and fearless in its utterances of the truth, 
and its influence can hardly be overestimated. 

Mr. Gordon is one of the most active and intelligent workers of the 
Republican party in this state, and is destined to become a leader. He is 
the president of the Young Men's Republican Club of Richmond, and has 
been a speaker in the cause for several years. In 1896 he " stumped " the 
sixth congressional district of Indiana, delivering fifty-six speeches in six 
weeks during the campaign. Two years later he was under the direction of 
the state committee and was sent to "stump" the sixth congressional dis- 
trict and southern Indiana. As a speaker he is argumentative and convinc- 
ing, being known as a "vote-maker." He is in frequent demand as the 
orator of various public gatherings; and if his career as a public speaker is 
unchecked he will be widely known in the future as an orator who adorned 
the rostrum, and a scholar whose literary productions are models that are 
studied and appreciated. He was a delegate to the state convention of 1898 
and was a member of the committee on credentials for his district. He is a 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 207 

prominent member of the Lincoln League in Indiana, being a member of the 
state committee, representing the sixth congressional district. 

Mr. Gordon is a young gentleman of exemplary habits and a member of 
the First Methodist Episcopal church of Richmond. At present he is 
engaged with Professor Hodgin, of Earlham College, in compiling a political 
history of Wayne county, Indiana, together with biographical sketches of 
the county's most prominent politicians. 

JOHN UHL. 

There is no element which has entered into our composite national fab- 
ric which has been of more practical strength, value and utility than that fur- 
nished by the sturdy, persevering and honorable sons of Germany, and in the 
progress of our Union this element has played an important part. Intensely 
practical, and ever having a clear comprehension of the ethics of life, the 
German contingent has wielded a powerful influence, and this service can- 
not be held in light estimation by those who appreciate true civilization and 
true advancement. 

Among the most prominent German-American citizens of this section of 
Indiana is John Uhl, of Connersville, who was born near Heidelberg, Ger- 
many, June i6, 1828, a son of George and Catharine (Miller) Uhl, who spent 
their entire lives in that country. Being drafted, the father entered 
Napoleon's army at the age of sixteen years, and after the overthrow of that 
great commander he served seven years longer under the Grand Duke of 
Hesse-Darmstadt. He was delicate as a youth and most of his service under 
Napoleon was in the hospital, where he studied and practiced surgery. After 
the close of his military service he was engaged in the grocery trade, kept a 
hotel and also engaged in surgical work, such as cupping, bleeding and setting 
limbs. 

Our subject remained with his parents until twenty-two years of age 
and acquired a good education, attending first the excellent public schools of 
Germany and subsequently a gymnasium and seminary. Under his father he 
also learned something of surgery and the grocery and hotel business. Emi- 
grating to America he landed in New York city, June i, 1850, and the same 
day started for Cincinnati, which he reached one week later. Being nearly 
out of money, he took up the barber's trade, which then included cupping, 
bleeding, etc., of which he had an excellent knowledge. 

In 1857 Mr. Uhl came to Connersville, Indiana, and purchased an inter- 
est in a brewery, with which he was connected for two years. During that 
time he learned something of coopering and started a cooper shop of his 
own. He soon established a good business and gave employment regularly 
to fourteen men for six years, the product of his plant finding a ready sale in 



208 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the home market, as Abraham B. Conwell and others were at that time- 
extensively engaged in the pork-packing business and needed barrels. The 
work was then all done by hand. Mr. Uhl is still interested in the business, 
which is now conducted on a small scale. In 1865 he embarked in the mill- 
ing business, operating with different partners the Valley Mills on Whitewater 
river, in Connersville. He has been from that date the leading spirit in the 
business, which is a large one, and is now conducted under the firm name of 
Uhl & Snyder, his son-in-law, Frederick Snyder, being a member of the 
company. Mr. Uhl is also a stockholder in the Connersville Furniture Com- 
pany and was formerly a director in the First National Bank, one of the 
strong financial institutions of the county. He is a business man of much, 
more than ordinary ability and carries forward to successful completion 
whatever he undertakes. Religiously, he is a member of the German Pres- 
byterian church, and socially of Guttenburg Lodge, No. 319, I. O. O. F. 

In 1850 Mr. Uhl was united in marriage with Miss Maria Elizabeth Kart- 
sher, a native of the same place as her husband, and to them were born two 
children: Minnie, who married Frederick Snyder and died in 1880, leaving 
two children; and George W., who died in 1883, at the age of thirty years. 
He was a bright young man with seemingly a brilliant future before him, 
having obtained a good English and commercial education. For seventeen 
years he was connected with the First National Bank of Connersville, where 
he was serving as assistant cashier at the time of his last illness. He spoke 
and wrote both English and German fluently, had a good knowledge of 
French, and had traveled extensively over this country and also Germany, 
France and Italy. 

LELAND H. STANFORD. 

Everywhere in our land are found men who have worked their own way 
from humble and lowly beginnings to places of leadership, renown and high 
esteem, and it is still one of the proudest boasts of our fair country that such- 
victors are accounted of thousandfold more worth and value to the common- 
wealth than the aristocrat, with his inherited wealth, position and distin- 
guished name. "Through struggles to triumph " appears to be the maxim 
which holds sway over the majority of our citizens, and though it is undeni- 
ably true that many an one falls exhausted by the conflict, a few, by their 
inherent force of character and strong mentality, rise paramount to environ- 
ment and all which sought to hinder them. Thus it has been with the emi- 
nent member of the bar of Liberty, Indiana, whose name opens this biog- 
raphy, and in whose life history many useful lessons may be gleaned. 

Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 13, 1848, he was bound out at an early 
age, and when fifteen he ran away from his employer and enlisted in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 209 

Sixty-ninth Otiio Regiment, After serving in Sherman's army for two years 
in the defense of the Union, the war was brought to a close and he was given 
an honorable discharge at Camp Dennison, July 26, 1865. The young man 
then went to California, and on the Pacific coast he was employed at various 
callings, — spent some time in running sawmills, and had charge of a gang of 
Chinamen when the Virginia City & Truckee Railway was in process of con- 
struction, and also superintended some of the work on the Central Pacific 
Railroad. On his trip to the west he went by way of the Isthmus of Panama, 
but on his return he was enabled to come by the recently completed railroad 
across the country. He arrived in Indiana at the beginning of winter, 
almost stranded, without home, friends or money. He wandered from 
Richmond to Liberty, vainly seeking employment of any kind, and when 
almost despairing he met kind-hearted Frank Coddington, who sent him to 
Abner C. Beck, a farmer who had been anxious to hire some one to assist in 
the management of his homestead. After some argument and discussion Mr. 
Stanford was engaged at a salary of sixteen dollars a month and board, and 
he continued to reside on the farm until November, 1870. 

In the meantime he had greatly surprised Mr. Beck by marrying that 
gentleman's daughter, Elizabeth J. Late in the autumn of 1870 the young 
couple took up their residence in Liberty, where their home has since been 
made, almost uninterruptedly. It had always been a dream of Mr. Stan- 
ford's that he might some day enter the legal profession, and, while he was 
on the farm he had spent many an evening in serious study and preparation. 
Admitted to the bar on the 2d of January, 1871, he opened an office, and in 
earnest began the battle for name and position, which for some years appeared 
to be a hopeless endeavor. By himself he had picked up stenography and in 
1873 he took a special course in reportorial work of J. E. Munson, who was 
the official stenographer of the surrogate court of New York. He found that 
this was a great benefit to him, while he was getting started in the practice 
of law. His first legal encounter was in Brownsville, where he tried a case 
before a justice of the peace, this being prior to the time that he left the 
farm. Practice came slowly, he was unknown and handicapped in many 
material ways, but he persevered with wonderful determination. His father- 
in-law tried to discourage him from continuing in the law and gave Mrs. 
Stanford ten acres of land, on which was built a small house. Our subject 
carried on this homestead, working in the early morning and after his return 
from town studying hard every evening to post himself further in the law. 
Such pluck and perseverance deserve reward and success at length came to 
him, though not until after he had been obliged to sell all but two acres of 
the little farm, and on that remnant there was a mortgage of four hundred 
dollars. 



210 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

In 1875 he removed to Lebanon, Indiana, where he spent a 3'ear, after 
which he engaged in court reporting for a similar period at Indianapohs, and 
after living in Connersville for another year he returned to Liberty. Having 
won in several cases of considerable note, Mr. Stanford now found the tide 
of public favor turning in his direction, and from that time forward he pros- 
pered. At the present time he is on the top wave of success and is steadily 
pressing forward to yet greater achievements. 

In 1880 Mr. Stanford was elected, on the Democratic ticket, to the 
responsible office of prosecuting attorney of this county and served in that 
capacity for two terms, having been re-elected at the expiration of his first 
term. He gave general satisfaction to all concerned and met the require- 
ments of the office with fidelity and ability. He has always been an ardent 
supporter of the principles and nominees of the Democratic party, though he 
is not a politician. Among his property interests are included some seven 
hundred acres of the best land in Union county. 

To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Stanford, a son, Roscoe L., and a 
daughter, Lillian, were born. The latter is the wife of Robert E. Barnhart, 
a graduate of the law department of DePauw University, and now in partner- 
ship with L. H. Stanford. The domestic life of our subject has been remark- 
ably happy, and in all his reverses and discouragements he has had the loving 
sympathy and advice of his wife, a lady of true and tested worth. 

J. D. KERR, M. D. 

A native of Henry county, Indiana, born December 31, 1863, the sub- 
ject of this sketch comes of a family of physicians, several of whom have 
attained distinction in the profession, and he seems to have inherited in a 
marked degree love for the noble task of succoring those laid low by disease 
or accident. 

Dr. Kerr, now engaged in practice in Green's Fork, Wayne county, was 
but two years old when his father, Daniel Webster Kerr, a young man of but 
twenty- four years of age, -was summoned to the silent land, in January, 1866. 
The child was reared in the home of his paternal grandfather, Dr. William 
M. Kerr, one of the prominent and renowned physicians of Henry county, 
and from his early years was made thoroughly familiar with all departments 
•of medical science. For two-score years or more the grandfather was 
actively engaged in practice, and in pioneer days was obliged to ride far and 
wide to answer the calls of distant patients, his own home being in Stony 
Creek township. 

After having made excellent progress in his efforts to gain an education, 
and in 1882 having been graduated in the high school at New Castle, Indiana, 
our subject went to Storm Lake, Iowa, where he engaged in the drug busi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 211 

ness with a relative, Dr. William H. Kerr. At the end of two years he 
returned to this state end embarked in the same line of business in partner- 
ship with N. P. Carter, his paternal uncle. After they had been pleasantly 
and profitably associated together for several years, Mr. Carter withdrew 
from the firm and Dr. Kerr carried on the business alone. Many years before 
he had contemplated entering the medical profession, and had studied with 
his grandfather and others, and in the fall of 1895 he matriculated in the 
Indiana Medical College at Indianapolis. There he took one course of lec- 
tures and the following winter attended the medical department of the uni- 
versity at Louisville, Kentucky. In the spring of 1898 he was graduated in 
the Indiana Medical College, with the degree of doctor of medicine. Hav- 
ing pursued a systematic course of study and instruction under the guidance 
of Dr. John A. Larrabee, a celebrated specialist in the diseases of infants 
and children, Dr. Kerr passed an examination and was presented with a 
diploma January 31, 1897. Thus thoroughly prepared, theoretically and 
practically, for his professional work, the Doctor commenced the labors to 
which he expected to devote his best talents and energy. He has won the 
good will of his brethren in the profession and enjoys a large and growing 
patronage. In 1886 he was united in marriage with Miss Eva Reinheimer, 
a daughter of Adam Reinheimer, and to this estimable couple one child, 
Blanch M., has been born. 

ANDREW BURGESS. 
Andrew Burgess, of Wayne township, Wayne county, Indiana, was born 
in the house in which he now resides, April 10, 1833. His parents were 
Samuel and Elizabeth Burgess. His mother was a daughter of William 
Bulla. Samuel Burgess was born in Guilford county, North Carolina, Jan- 
uary 10, 179s, and came to Indiana about the year 1815 with his father, 
John Burgess, who entered the tract of land now owned by the family, but 
lived on an adjoining tract across the river. John Burgess died at the age of 
fifty-two years, before the birth of our subject. He had four sons — Samuel, 
Jonathan, Daniel and Abner, and five daughters, all dead except Rebecca 
Griffin, youngest daughter; and she is quite aged. Daniel left two children: 
Jennie, who died at the age of twenty-three years, unmarried, and Emma, 
the wife of Jesse Burgess, her cousin. Jonathan died at Green's Fork at the 
age of seventy years, unmarried. Samuel had made great improvements on 
the farm before his marriage, hewing poplar logs with which he constructed 
the house some seventy-five years ago. He died in 1S36, at the age of forty- 
one years. His wife, Elizabeth Bulla, was born on February 27, 1800, and 
died in 1858, twenty years after her husband. Their marriage was con- 
tracted in this state and a family of nine children were born to them, viz.: 



212 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Melinda, the wife of Oliver Barber, living in Kansas; Anna, who became the 
wife of John Park Voss and died at the age of fifty-four years; John, who 
spent the greater part of his life on the old homestead and died at the age of 
sixty-eight years; Mary Jane, who married Ephraim Overman and died in 
Kansas, at the age of fifty years; Eliza, who is the widow of William Sinex 
and resides in Richmond; William Bulla, who is a farmer at Hagerstown; 
Daniel Milton, who also is a farmer at the same place; Jesse, who resides on 
part of the old homestead; and Andrew, our subject, who is the youngest of 
the family. After the death of her husband, Mrs. Burgess continued on 
the farm, reared her family and saw them all settled in homes of their own. 
John, her eldest son, was but sixteen years old when his father died, but 
with his help she ran the farm in a highly creditable manner. This property 
was not divided until after her death. She was an earnest Christian woman 
and active worker in the Methodist church. 

Andrew Burgess was but three years old at the time of his father's death. 
He attained the years of manhood on the farm, and as the older sons grew 
up and settled in homes of their own, upon him and his brother Jesse devolved 
the management of the place for some years prior to the death of their 
mother. The farm then was divided among the children, our subject receiv- 
ing as his portion the house with thirty-three acres of ground. He joined 
hand and heart with Miss Margaret Sulser on April 21, 1858. She was a 
daughter of Harrison and Mary (Sanderson) Sulser, of Wayne township. In 
addition to his farm labors he also did considerable carpenter work. He grew 
large quantities of sorghum cane and was one of the first in this section to 
manufacture it into syrup. He has been engaged in this work for the past 
thirty-five years and has made as much as four thousand gallons in a single 
season. In later years he has turned his attention to raising strawberries, 
which he finds to be a profitable crop. In 1880, after almost twenty-two 
years of life together, his wife passed to that better land, leaving him the 
following family: Mattie, wife of Frank Lough, of Richmond; Ida, a teacher 
in Logansport, for six years in the schools at Richmond; and Oliver A., who 
lives at home and helps with the farm. September i, 1882, he was married 
to Mrs. Essie Belsham, widow of Arthur Belsham, a bookkeeper. She is a 
daughter of William and Catherine (Reynolds) Pagan, and was born in 1850, 
in Williamsburg, Wayne county, Indiana, to which place her parents had 
moved from New Jersey a few years before. While she was an infant they 
located in Richmond and her father kept the national toll gate on the road 
west of the city. He was in charge of this until his death, nearly thirty 
years afterward, at the age of eighty-one years. Mr. and Mrs. Burgess have 
one child, Howard, who is a student in the high school. Mrs. Burgess had 
two children by her first marriage: Alden, who was a machinist and made 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 213 

his home with our subject until his death at the age of twenty-one years; and 
Bertha, who died in infancy. Mr. Burgess is a RepubHcan in his pohtical 
affiliations and is a man who is highly esteemed in the community for his 
honorable, upright life. 

SWAIN MARSHALL. 

Wayne county was exceptionally fortunate in the character of her pio- 
neers, who, save in rare instances, possessed the pluck, fortitude and genius 
of the true Anglo-Saxon, — that race which appears to delight in difficulties, 
because thereby an opportunity is afforded to conquer them. The founders 
of this county were God-fearing, law-abiding citizens, patriotic and true to 
their native land, and conscientious in the discharge of every duty toward 
their fellow men. 

Of such a stamp were the ancestors of the subject of this sketch. His 
grandparents, Miles and Martha (Jones) Marshall, were natives of North 
Carolina, the former born in 1789 and the latter in 1792. They removed 
from Tennessee to Wayne county, Indiana, in 18 12, at first locating on 
Green's Fork, near the present town of the same name, but after a few 
months had passed the family returned to the state whence they had come. 
In the fall of 18 14 they came back and made a settlement on Elkhorn creek, 
in what now is Boston township, and about two years later they came to the 
present township of Green. In the autumn of the same year Mr. Marshall 
bought eighty acres of land in Perry township, here making a permanent 
home. Both he and his wife were consistent members of the Society of 
Friends, their lives being governed by the noble principles of that sect. Mr. 
Marshall was recognized as a man of superior ability, and frequently was 
called upon to serve in local positions of trust and responsibility. For fifteen 
consecutive years he served as a justice of the peace, and for two years he 
was a member of the Indiana legislature. His beloved wife died in 1854, 
and the following year he went to Dallas county, Iowa, where he died in 1868. 
Only three of their ten children survive. They were named as follows: 
Thomas; Mitchell, who died in 1846, aged thirty-three years; Myra, who has 
been dead many years; Maben, who was born in 1S17, died in 1898; Minerva, 
born in 1820, died in 1898; Margaret, who died in infancy; Calvin, born in 
August, 1824, and now living in Dallas county, Iowa; Collins, born in 1826, 
was killed by the bushwhackers during the war of the Rebellion; Miles, born 
in 1830, died in the fall of 1898;- and Martha, born in 1832, is a resident 
dent of Dallas, Iowa. 

Thomas Marshall, the eldest child of his parents, was born in Knox 
county, Tennessee, December 8, 181 1. He has been a resident of Perry 
township for eighty-three years, and for sixty-eight years has lived upon his 



214 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

homestead, which was entered from the government by his father. For one- 
so well along in years, he enjoys remarkably good health, and is sound in 
mind and body. No one in his part of the county is more thoroughly 
esteemed, and his life record is without stain or blemish. For twenty-two 
years he was a trustee of his township, but he has never sought public office, 
preferring to lead a retired life. By marrying the lady of his choice, one out- 
side the Quaker church, he was promptly excluded from membership; but, 
firm in his conviction that he was in the right, he pursued the pathway he had 
marked out for himself, and has prospered in every way. It was on the 3d 
of November, 1833, that his marriage to Miss Cynthia, daughter of Sylvanus 
and Rhoda (Worth) Swain, was celebrated. She came from North Carolina 
to this county with her parents in 1824, and her death occurred December 
31, 185 1. The second marriage of Mr. Marshall took place on the 19th of 
March, 1854, when Miss Elvira Macy became his wife. She is a daughter of 
Isaac and Eleanor (Thornburg) Macy. By the first union there were born 
five children, namely: Clayton, Rhoda, Swain, Alonzo and Orlando; and 
of the second marriage, two children were born, — Cynthia Ellen and Elmer 
Ellsworth. Three of the sons, Clayton (now a resident of Nebraska), Swain, 
and Alonzo (the present auditor of Wayne county), were Union soldiers in 
the great civil war. 

Swain Marshall, whose birth occurred at the old homestead so long 
owned by his father, October 18, 1839, has been numbered among the 
worthy citizens of Perry township during his entire life, — three-score years. 
He early learned the various details of agriculture, and as he approached 
manhood he earnestly followed the stormy tide of events which were lead- 
ine up to the civil war. During the summer which followed the firing upon 
Fort Sumter he was plowing in the field with oxen, when a neighbor came 
to him and they entered into discussion upon the subject of enlisting to fight 
for the Union. History repeats itself, as the old saying goes, and young Marshall 
immediately left his plow in the field and went to town, where he enlisted, 
August 20, 1 86 1, becoming a member of Company G, Eighth Regiment of 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Owing to the circumstance related above, he 
received the sobriquet of Putnam, and was so called by his comrades in the 
ranks. He was mustered into the service in the following month, and was 
sent to Springfield, Missouri, to serve under command of General Fremont, 
in the spring of 1862. After taking part in the battle of Pea Ridge, in 
March, he and his regiment went with General Curtis on an expedition 
through Arkansas. This march was a long and hard one, and Mr. Marshall 
proceeded much of the distance with bare feet, as many of his comrades like- 
wise were compelled to do. In October, of the same year, the regiment was 
sent from Helena up the Mississippi river, and thence upon another tour o£ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 215 

Arkansas, being recalled to participate in the famous siege of Vicksburg. 
May 1st it was actively engaged in the battle of Grand Gulf; May 14th in that 
of Jackson; Champion Hills on the i6th, and the fight at Black River Bridge. 
The regiment joined Grant's forces at Millikin's Bend, and were among the 
first to invest the Confederate stronghold. Mr. MarshalF was a participant 
in the famous charge on the enemy's works on the 22d of May, his regiment 
suffering the loss of one hundred and sixteen men. Soon after the surrender 
of Vicksburg, the gallant Eighth was sent to New Orleans, and in the follow- 
ing October proceeded to Texas. In January, 1864, when their term of 
enlistment expired, Mr. Marshall and those of his comrades who desired to 
continue in the service of their country as long as they were needed, re-en- 
listed at Indianola, Texas, and were permitted to return home for a short 
time on a furlough. This prevented their taking part in the unfortunate 
Louisiana campaign under the leadership of General Banks. Returning to 
New Orleans, the Eighth regiment veterans were sent to Washington in 
August, 1864, and thence to the front, where they were actively engaged in 
General Sheridan's Shenandoah valley campaign. They were in the battle 
of Winchester, September 19th; Fisher's Hill on the 22d, and in the famous 
Cedar Creek engagement, where Sheridan, though "twenty miles away," 
arrived in time to turn the tide of defeat into victory for the Union army. 
At the close of the campaign in that region, the Eighth was placed on trans- 
ports and sent to Savannah, Georgia, to await the arrival of Sherman and 
th€ brave men who were on the march to the sea, and in that vicinity con- 
tinued to do garrison duty until the end of the war. Soon after his first 
enlistment, Mr. Marshall was made a corporal, and later served as a sergeant. 
He was commissioned first lieutenant by Governor Morton, July 19, 1865, 
and was mustered out as such August 28 following, his honorable discharge 
being dated September 24, at Indianapolis. The young man's army record 
was of the best, and during the long four years of his service for his country 
he was never absent from his post of duty, and though he was actively 
engaged in every encounter which his regiment had with the Confederates, 
and went on hundreds of miles of weary marches, he escaped going to the 
hospital. When on his last long march, from Augusta, Georgia, to Darien, on the 
sea-coast, he received a sunstroke, from the effects of which he has suffered 
more or less ever since. . 

On the 4th of March, 1871, Mr. Marshall married Miss Cynthia Swain, 
who was born in this township, March 11, 1847. Soon after their wedding 
was solemnized the young couple went to Dallas county, lowk, where rela- 
tives of Mr. Marshall were living, and there the wife died, on the 8th of 
March, 1874. Their two children are still living, Thomas Worth, the elder, 
being a successful civil engineer, and Harry Swain, the younger, being an 



216 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

able assistant to his father in the care of the homestead. Returning to 
Wayne county, Mr. Marshall resumed farming in Perry township, and has 
since devoted himself to agriculture, with good financial results. His mar- 
riage to Miss Lucinda Swain, a sister of his first wife, was celebrated on the 
23d of October, 1875. She was born April 25, 1832, her parents being 
Elijah and Mary Swain, honored early settlers of this township. 

In his political relations Mr. Marshall is a zealous Republican. Frater- 
nally he is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, being associated 
with Sol. Meredith Post, No. 51. Public-spirited and progressive in all his 
ideas, he lends his influence to all measures which he believes useful to the 
majority, and always plays the part of an earnest, patriotic citizen. 

NATHAN MORGAN. 

Three-fourths of a century ago Nathan Morgan was born in an unpre- 
tentious house situated on Fifth street, on the Market House Square, Rich- 
mond, the date of the event being November 15, 1823. He came from 
good old Quaker stock, and his grandfather, John Morgan, was a native and 
life-long resident of the state of New Jersey. Our subject's father, Nathan 
Morgan, Sr. , was born and reared in Blackwaytown, New Jersey, and on the 
1 2th of May, 18 13, he was united in marriage with Beulah Beetle. Of the 
eight children born to this worthy couple the four eldest died in infancy, and 
the others were William A., Beulah Ann, Mary and Nathan. 

In the early part of 1823 the family set out for the west, intending to 
join the new Quaker settlement in Indiana. Their few necessary household 
effects were placed in a one-horse wagon, and while the mother and two 
children rode in the vehicle the father walked nearly all of the way, most of 
the time carrying an eighteen-months-old child. He was a cabinet-maker 
by trade, and, having reached Richmond, he embarked in the business, 
which he carried on until 1850, then being succeeded by his son. His last 
years were spent upon a farm located about one mile and one-half north of 
this city. His death occurred March 7, 18S5, when he was five months and 
twenty days over ninety-two years of age. Had it not been that he fell and 
crushed his hip, the accident proving fatal on account of his advanced age, 
he might have reached the century mark, for he was a man of remarkable 
vitality and had always adhered to a simple, healthful mode of life. In all 
his transactions his career was signally upright, just and exemplary, and he 
possessed the respect of all who knew him. His first wife, Beulah, died in 
1824, and three years later he married Margaret Holloway, by whom he had 
six children, namely: Hannah, Charles D., Elizabeth, David, Abbie and 
John E. 

With the exception of the two years, 1S47 and 1848, when he was in 




(ytA/^^^^T^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 217 

Baltimore, working as a cabinet-maker, the subject of this sketch has always 
made his home in Richmond, and since his return from the east he has 
lived at 24 North Fifth street (the name having been changed from Pearl 
street). From 1850 to 1856 he carried on the cabinet-making business which 
had formerly belonged to his father, after which he traveled for some time, 
selling patent rights. His next venture was to open a meat market and pro- 
vision store, which enterprise engaged his attention until the outbreak of the 
civil war. 

The patriotic spirit which has always animated Nathan Morgan since his 
youth prompted him to enlist in the defense of the Union, September 13, 
1 86 1, for a period of three years. He was placed in Company C, Forty-first 
Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Cavalry, and after serving in the ranks for 
six months he was promoted to be a hospital steward. He participated in 
the various campaigns, in which his regiment did gallant service, and at last 
was wounded in a charge at Triune, Tennessee, his horse falling upon him 
and fracturing one of the bones of his leg below the knee. In consequence 
of this injury he suffered dreadfully for the remaining six months of his 
service, then being mustered out, October 4, 1864, at Indianapolis, and for 
many years he was forced, at intervals, to resort to crutches. 

Thus disabled, Mr. Morgan found it very difficult to resume the ordinary 
vocations of life, and for two or three years was chiefly engaged in selling 
patent rights. When Ezra Smith & Company organized the Church & School 
Furniture Company in this city, in 1868, Mr. Morgan was employed by the 
concern a§ a patternmaker, and subsequently he traveled and sold goods for 
them. In 1878 he opened a meat market on Fort Wayne avenue, and con- 
tinued to carry on the business for ten years. He still owns the property, 
and rents the store, being practically retired. He has taken a loyal part in 
local affairs, and has served as clerk, inspector and judge of elections for 
thirty years. Until the St. Louis convention of 1896 he was an ardent 
Republican from the formation of the party, but, having devoted much time 
to the study of the financial question, he espoused the views of H. M. Teller, 
and is strongly in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of both gold and 
silver, while at the same time he believes in a moderate protective tariff, and 
is opposed to the forcible expansion of our country's territory. He is a 
•member of the Sol. Meredith Post, Grand Army of the Republic, in which he 
has held the position of surgeon. It appears that when he was a youth he 
studied medicine for a short time with an uncle, and also clerked in a drug 
store, and during his army experience he acted as a physician's assistant. 

The marriage of Mr. Morgan and Miss Frances I. League was solem- 
nized in Baltimore, Maryland, June 29, 1847. Of the five children who blessed 
their union, three are deceased: Lewis G., who died at the age of eight years; 



218 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

George W. , who died when in his thirty-third year; and Emma R. , who was 
the wife of Albert G. Ogborn, of Richmond. Ida M., the eldest child, is the 
wife of O. V. Lemon, who is employed as a shipping clerk by the Richmond 
City Mill Works. William L. Morgan is engaged in the meat-market busi- 
ness in this city. Our subject and wife are among the best known citizens 
of Richmond, where their friends are legion. 

SAMUEL J. SHIPLEY. 

No death in many years has caused such profound sorrow throughout 
the county as did the passing away of this venerable citizen of Connersville, 
Indiana, Lieutenant Samuel J. Shipley, who, by long years of honorable, 
upright life and kindly nature, had grown into the affections of his fellow 
citizens to a marked degree. He was born at Wilmington, Delaware, 
December 24, 1813, and came to this county at the age of six years, making 
his home here from that time until his death, on July 1 1, 1897. His parents 
were Joseph B. and Mary H. (Test) Shipley, the former born near Brandy- 
wine, Delaware, November 14, 1 780, and the latter a native of New Jersey. 
The family were of English stock and came to America soon after William 
Penn established his colony in Pennsylvania. They were members of the 
Society of Friends. Samuel Shipley, the grandfather of our subject, was 
born December 5, 1775, and married Jane Bennett, a sister of Caleb Bennett, 
who commanded a company of American soldiery at the famous battle of 
Brandywine. Four children were born to Joseph and Mary Shipley, viz. : 
Mary A., born February 29, 1805; Charles, born August 17, 1807; Ella J., 
born October 15, 181 1; and Samuel J. The father died while the children 
were small, and in 18 19 the mother brought her little family to Fayette 
county and here reared them. 

Samuel Shipley was a bright, energetic lad, and it became the ambition 
of his life to become a sailor. In 1833 he made application for appointment 
as midshipman, his case being urged by General Jonathan McCarty, then 
member of congress from Connersville district, who took an interest in the 
young man and desired his success. His application receiving favorable 
notice, he entered upon his duties and remained in active service until his 
retirement, by reason of ill health, many years later. A naval academy was 
established in Philadelphia in 1839, which later was transferred to Annapohs, 
Maryland, and their first class for examination was called before the board in 
1840, at which time Mr. Shipley was one of the successful competitors. He 
was raised to the lieutenancy in 1847, and had a long and successful career 
at sea, visiting nearlyall the important ports in the world and meeting many 
exciting and interesting experiences. When the cloud of secession spread 
over our fair land and threatened the destruction of our beloved government. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 219^ 

Lieutenant Shipley hastened to offer his services, and was stationed at Fort- 
ress Monroe as executive officer of the " Brandy wine. " Some two years 
later, in 1863, ill health caused him to retire from the sea and return to his 
home in this county, where he passed the remainder of his life. 

In 1837 Lieutenant Shipley purchased a farm in Harrison township, 
Fayette county, which became his home. On November 14, 1841, while 
home on leave of absence, he was united in marriage with Miss Martha Hol- 
ton, daughter of Rev. Jesse and Jane Holton. The young wife lived but a 
short time, dying in her twenty-fourth year, in 1846, leaving an only daugh- 
ter, Jennie, as the comfort and companion of the bereaved husband. Father 
and daughter spent many happy years together in their beautiful country 
home, a close bond of love and sympathy binding them the more firmly to 
each other as the years passed, and his death has been a blow that has been 
well nigh unsupportable to the beloved daughter. He was a man of great 
energy and rare judgment, which he carried into all affairs in which h*e was 
interested. He was a man of intelligence, and few men had acquired a 
greater or more varied knowledge, which, coupled with his amiable disposi- 
tion and companionable manner, made him one of the most remarkable men 
of his day. He was a manly man, and the honor and esteem in which he 
was held by all who came in contact with him was but the just tribute to his 
worth. 

THOMAS C. BURNSIDE. 

Among the best citizens of Union county, esteemed alike for his sterling 
worth of character and his activity in the business world, is Thomas C. Burn- 
side, a worthy representative of one of the pioneer families. He was born 
in the town of Liberty, November 24, 1844, and is a son of Judge Edghill 
and Jane (Dill) Burnside. His father died when the son was only fifteen 
years of age, but the mother resided in Liberty until 1874. His boyhood 
days passed quietly, the usual duties of the home and the school-room occu- 
pying his attention throughout his youth. At the age of twenty, however, he 
entered railroad work, securing a position as brakeman on the Pennsylvania 
Railroad, with which system he was connected for fifteen years. He served 
as conductor, first on freight and afterward on passenger trains, and for ten 
years was a passenger conductor on the Indianapolis & Vincennes, and 
Indianapolis & Louisville, divisions of this road, between Indianapolis and 
Louisville. No railroad man in this section of the country was more gener- 
ally known or had more warm personal friends, for his uniform courtesy, his 
kindhness and genuine worth won him the high regard of all with whom he 
came in contact. His relations with the railroad company were also of the 
most pleasant character and he won high encomiums from both the officials 
and patrons of the road. 



220 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

In 1884 Mr. Burnside retired from that life and located on his present 
farm, two miles south of Liberty. There he has since made his home, devot- 
ing his energies to'agricultural pursuits, and his well tilled fields, substantial 
buildings and modern improvements indicate the supervision of a painstaking, 
practical and progressive owner. 

In 1874 Mr. Burnside married Miss Jennie Kelly, a daughter of Seth 
Kelly and a representative of one of the oldest families of the county, estab- 
lished here in 1805. At a little later date Willis Kelly came to Indiana from 
Boston, Massachusetts. He lived in Laurens county, South Carolina, where 
he formed the acquaintance of Charity Hollingsworth, whom he married in 
Union county, theirs being the first wedding ceremony performed here. Mrs. 
Kelly's parents had died in South Carolina, and she had come to Union 
county with her sisters and her two brothers, David and Jonathan, whose 
descendants are still living in this locality. The name of Charity Hollings- 
worth was well known at an early day, and many leading citizens of Union 
county at the present time are numbered among her relatives. Willis Kelly, 
whom she married, was a teacher and farmer, -but died in early life. His 
son, Seth Kelly, father of Mrs. Burnside, married Elizabeth Ann Holliday 
and resided on his father's farm for a long period, but his last years were 
spent in Liberty, where he died at the age of sixty-eight. He was one of 
the most enterprising agriculturists of the community and his well kept farm 
was widely celebrated. He took an active part in politics as a supporter of 
the Republican party, was a faithful member of the Presbyterian church and 
a great temperance worker. One of his sons, Kosciusko Kelly, resides at 
Liberty, and is clerk and treasurer of the town. The farm now belonging 
to Mr. Burnside was formerly the property of a sister of Seth Kelly, Mrs. 
Cynthia Haworth, wife of Richard G. Haworth, who was one of the most 
extensive breeders of fine stock in Union county. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Burn- 
side have been born three children: Clara, who has engaged in teaching; 
Margaret, who was a teacher in the graded school at Salem; and Jennie. All 
are at home. 

Mr. Burnside now devotes his energies to general farming. He has two 
hundred and ten acres in corn and wheat, and also raises hogs and Jersey 
cattle. He is engaged in the dairy business, and in company with a few 
others established a successful co-operative creamery. He has long been 
interested in the Farmers' Institute, has for six or seven years been a mem- 
ber of the institute board, and does all in his power to secure the adoption 
of improved methods of farming. He is a very active worker in the ranks 
of the Republican party, attends its conventions and was chairman of the 
Republican county central committee, for two years and during the Harrison 
campaign of 1888, but has never been a candidate for office. Belief in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 221 

superiority of the principles prompts his advocacy of the party, and not 
hope of reward in office-holding. He and his family are members of the 
Presbyterian church, and his wife and daughters take an active interest in 
church work. Fraternally he is connected with the Masonic order; was the 
master of Liberty Lodge, No. 59, A. F. & A. M., for six years; has been the 
high priest of Liberty Chapter, and is probably the only Knight Templar in 
Liberty, his membership being in Roper Commandery, at Indianapolis. He 
has also taken the thirty-second degree of the Scottish rite in the Consistory 
of the Valley of Indianapolis, and is a member of the Knights of Pythias fra- 
ternity. He has given his aid in many generous ways to the perpetuation of 
those forces which conserve the best interests of the community, and the 
course that he has followed in political, business, social and home circles 
commends him to the high esteem of all. 

EDGHILL BURNSIDE. 

The name of Judge Edghill Burnside has been inscribed high on the roll 
of Union county's honored pioneers and eminent men, and the part which he 
took in the founding and development of the county well entitles him to- 
prominent mention in this volume. He established the town of Liberty, in 
which he long made his home, laboring for its promotion and its welfare. 
His memory is revered by all the old settlers who knew him, and the influence 
of his life upon the community was most beneficial. 

Born in Laurens county. South Carolina, in 1790, he was a son of Cap- 
tain James Burnside, whose loyalty to the cause of the crown was manifest 
by his service as an officer in the British army during the war of the Revolu- 
iton. The family were all Royalists, and their estates were confiscated by 
the colonies, but in return they were given grants of land on the island of 
Jamaica. Thither they went with Colonel Edgehill, of South Carolina, hav- 
ing small indigo plantations there. In 1786, however. Captain Burnside 
returned with his family, consisting of three daughters and four sons. In 
1808 Mrs. Captain Burnside, then a widow, came with her family of four sons 
and two daughters to Indiana, locating in what was then Franklin county but 
is now a part of Union county, their home being in the little town of Wash- 
ington. Andrew, James and Thomas Burnside, the brothers of our subject, 
afterward removed from the county, Thomas and James with their mother 
and sisters returning to South Carolina, while Andrew went to Free port, 
Illinois. 

Judge Burnside spent the days of his boyhood and youth in the state of 
his nativity, and when eighteen years of age came with the family to Union 
county, where his remaining days were passed. In this then wild and unset- 
tled region he labored to establish a home, and as the years passed exerted a 



222 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

wide influence on tiie public life, thought and action of this locality. He was 
the founder of the town of Liberty, which stands as a monument to his enter- 
prising spirit. Reserved as associate judge of the circuit court and filled the 
office of county clerk for the long period of twenty-eight years, retiring in 
1858. No confidence reposed in him was ever betrayed and his fidelity to 
to the public trust in the discharge of his official duties was most marked. He 
gave his political support to the Whig party until its dissolution, when he 
joined the ranks of the new Republican party, being one of its zealous advo- 
cates until his death. He exerted a wide influence in all county affairs, was 
very popular and highly respected. No man identified with this section of 
the state during the early period of its development was held in higher esti- 
mation. 

Judge Burnside was twice married. He first wedded Pamelia Brown, 
and in December, 1843, he married Jane Dill, a daughter of Joseph Dill, a 
native of Warren county, Ohio. The children of the first marriage were 
Henry M., who followed farming at Laurel, Franklin county, and afterward 
resided in Indianapolis, but died in Shelby county, Indiana, at the age of 
fifty-eight years; Benjamin F. , a mechanic, who under contract furnished 
horses and mules to the Army of the Tennessee during the civil war, and 
died in Indianapolis, at the age of fifty-five; and General Burnside, the fam- 
ous general in command of the northern forces during the great struggle 
between the north and the south. The second son was a Democrat in poli- 
tics, but the others were all stalwart advocates of Republican principles. 
The only son of the second marriage of Judge Burnside is Thomas C. Burn- 
side, a well known resident of Union county, whose sketch appears next. 
The father died March 28, 1859, and his second wife, long surviving him, 
passed away April 13, 1891, at the age of eighty-two years. For a half cen- 
tury Judge Burnside lived and labored to goodly ends among the people of 
Union county, and left the impress of his individuality upon the public life, 
the substantial growth and material development of the region. He was a 
man of true nobility of character, and his death was most deeply deplored by 
those to whom had come the fullest appreciation of his nature. 

WALTER S. RATLIFF. 
Walter Stevens Ratliff was born on April 24, i860, on a farm three miles 
west of Richmond, Indiana, being the third son of Joseph C. and Mary F. 
Ratliff. Showing an early inclination for learning, he was sent to school, 
which was held in an old school-house on the old National Road, where he 
passed through the first reader before he was four years old. At the age of 
twelve, at the last day of school, he gave on the black-board a public exhi- 
bition of free-hand drawing, from memory, of the continent of Europe. He 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 223 

■ continued there until February, 1873, when his father moved to a farm just 
northwest of Richmond, where he resided until he was married. There 
being no girl in the family he " wore the apron " around the house, and fre- 
quently lost a half day of school helping his mother to do the washing. 
Being a great reader, he spent three years in reading the Holy Bible, com- 
pleting the same at the age of thirteen. The graded school at Sevastopol 
near by furnished a good opportunity for study, which was attended until the 
spring of 1878. At the age of seventeen he secured the prize offered for the 
best penman at a public writing-school, among many competitors. In Sep- 
tember, 1879, he resolved to enter a larger institution and secure a more 
thorough, practical education, such as was given at Purdue University, at 
Lafayette, Indiana. He entered the college on the lOth of that month and 
spent four years of hard study, graduating, with two diplomas and with the 
honors of his class, on June 7, 1883. While there he had the distinguished 
honor of being the second student, the other being a young lady, who had 
ever in the history of the university completed two distinct courses 01 study 
in four consecutive years and graduated in the same. During the junior and 
senior years he assisted the professors by teaching in the preparatory depart- 
ment of the university. Considerable manual labor was done on the campus 
of the college grounds and on the farm while a student, and many of the 
arbor-vitae hedges, fruit and ornamental trees now standing bear evidence of 
his work, and over one-half of the necessary expenses incurred in securing his 
education were made in this way. 

After graduation he resided with his father, following farming and the 
breeding of Jersey cattle. On November 12, 1885, he married Metta E., 
daughter of Stephen and Louisa Comer, and removed to a farm two miles 
west of Richmond, where he still resides. One child has blessed their union, 
Verlin Comer Ratliff, who was born March 14, 1895. At present he is 
engaged in breeding Jersey cattle and in dairying. He performed a series of 
experiments on his farm in connection with the university, as, sowing wheat 
with and without the use of commercial fertilizers; determining the merits of 
different brands of the same, on one particular variety of wheat; and noting 
the ravages of the Hessian fly on wheat with different times of sowing. A 
member of the State Farmers' Institute workers, he has given a number of 
papers at various institutes throughout the state, and he has furnished con- 
tributions to many of our local papers and magazines. He was vice-president 
one year of the Indiana Horticultural Society; a delegate two years to the 
Indiana State Board of Agriculture; has been secretary of the Wayne County 
Agricultural and Horticultural Society for ten consecutive years; is and has 
been for five years the Recorder of the Indiana yearly meeting of the Relig- 
ious Society of Friends, being an active member of this church; was super- 



224 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

intendent of the Purdue University Young Men's Christian Association dur- 
ing his senior year; is an administrator of estates and guardian of minor chil- 
dren; a director of the Wayne Farmers' Insurance Company for 1897; fur- 
nishes statistics to the United States Department of Agriculture, and semi- 
annual reports to the Division of Ornithology of the Biological Survey of 
Indiana; for a number of years he was a volunteer in the service of the state 
weather bureau for this district, and the official observer at Lafayette, 
Indiana, at the volunteer weather station, from 1880 to 1883. 

He is a stockholder, director and assistant superintendent of the old 
National Road, and with his father was selected by the company to make the 
final sale of the same to the county commissioners, which occurred on June 
20, 1895. 

Fraternally he is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America; of the 
Tribe of Ben Hur of Indiana; of J. N. S. Council of the Royal Arcanum of 
Massachusetts; the worthy patron for two years of Loyal Chapter, No. 49, 
Order of the Eastern Star; is a past master of Richmond, Indiana, Lodge 
No. 196, F. & A. M. , having spent six years in the chairs of the lodge; a 
member of King Solomon's Chapter, No. 4, Royal Arch Masons; of Richmond 
(Indiana) Commander}-, No. 8, Knights Templar; and of the Indiana Con- 
sistory of Scottish-rite Masons, having taken the thirty-second degree on 
March 30, 1899. Mr. Ratliff is a total abstainer from the use of intoxicants, 
drugs, tobacco and other narcotics. 

SAMUEL H. BALLINGER. 

In 1898 one of the oldest merchants of Liberty in years of active busi- 
ness transactions, Samuel H. Ballinger, retired to private life and to the 
enjoyment of the rest which he has certainly earned during his thirty-one 
years of commercial enterprise. To his public-spirit and desire for local 
advancement can be attributed much of the prosperity which this town to-day 
enjoys. For thirty years he has been a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and for years he has been one of the pillars in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, serving in various official capacities, such as steward, trustee, etc. 

A son of Isaac and Orinda C. Ballinger, Samuel H. was born on the old 
homestead belonging to his parents, April 16, 1845. He passed his youthful 
days on the farm, supplementing his elementary work in the local schools by 
a year's attendance at Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. He continued 
to dwell on the farm until he was twenty-two years of age, and now, after a 
long interval of business life, he has returned with renewed interest to the 
peaceful occupations of the agriculturist, and takes great pride in the finely 
improved homestead which he owns and which became his property in 1879. 
It comprises four hundred acres, all in one body, and, in addition to raising 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 225 

the usual line of crops common to this region, he feeds cattle and live stock, 
and is making a financial success of the whole. 

Qn the 27th of January, 1876, Mr. Ballinger married Miss Lucy Sullivan, 
daughter of W. W. Sullivan. They became the parents of three children, the 
eldest of whom, Ora W., died at the age of two years and ten months; Robert 
Lincoln, lately engaged in the clothing business in San Antonio, Texas; and 
Mettie, a musician and artist of marked ability, now living at home, who has 
been engaged in the millinery business for some years and is considered an 
expert trimmer. Mrs. Ballinger and daughter are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

Mr. Ballinger has never been an aspirant to office, but in a spirit of 
banter a Republican friend one day said to him that he intended to run as a 
candidate for the position of trustee of the township. Mr. Ballinger jokingly 
replied, "Why, you cannot be elected; I can beat you;" and when the other 
answerd, "I'll bet a dollar you can't," both' took up the matter in semi- 
seriousness and announced themselves as candidates. The result of the 
primary election was that Mr. Ballinger was victorious and was elected by 
the people. He is now serving his fifth year in the office. He has nine 
schools under his supervision, hires teachers and buys the fuel and supplies 
for the schools, and also must look after the poor, the roads and general 
matters effecting the public more or less directly. While he is allowed wide 
latitude in these matters and has the handling of large sums of money every 
year, it is but justice to him to state that no complaint has ever been made 
against his management and that not the slightest doubt as to his fidelity and 
integrity has ever been expressed. By his long and honorable business career 
he is known to be above suspicion, and the good of his fellows has ever been, 
his sincerest interest. Perhaps no better illustration of Mr. Ballinger's busi- 
ness ability can be given than his record in office as township trustee. When 
he first assumed this office the township was four thousand dollars in debt. 
During his incumbency the township has been placed out of debt and has 
money in its treasury, while the tax levy of the present year is a lower one 
than it has had for forty years. Besides this, Mr. Ballinger has built four 
new brick school-houses in the township. One of them, a double (graded) 
school-house, is a model structure, pronounced one of the finest buildings of 
its kind in the state. He has also superintended the building of more bridges 
and culverts and done more work on the roads of the township than was 
done in years before his accession to office. 

Mr. Ballinger has done much earnest and efficient service in church 
work. He has been both steward and trustee of the Liberty Methodist 
Episcopal church for the past fifteen years. He was the treasurer of the 
board of trustees during the erection of the beautiful new Methodist church,. 



226 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

collected all the moneys as well as paid them out, and as one of the board 
had much to do with planning the structure; and it is not too much to say 
that the success of its erection in a prominent degree is due to him. Mrs. 
Ballinger is an earnest Christian and a hearty partaker in the activities of the 
church, and has been for years a valued teacher in its Sunday-school. 

Mr. Ballinger has had a long career as a merchant and leading business 
man of Liberty. In 1867 he became a partner with his father-in-law, W. 
W. Sullivan, in the grocery trade. This firm had a large patronage and was 
the leading house in this line in all this region. In 1869 Thomas C. Ballin- 
ger was admitted to the firm upon the retirement of Mr. Sullivan. The 
brothers continued together in trade for five years, when T. C. Ballinger 
purchased his brother's interest. During our subject's connection with this 
house the firm handled seventy-five thousand dollars' worth of goods annu- 
ally. After closing his grocery business, Mr. Ballinger and J. P. Kennedy 
engaged in the dry-goods trade in Liberty, and this partnership was termi- 
nated at the end of six months by Mr. Ballinger becoming sole proprietor. 
Conducting a prospering business in this line for five years, his health failed, 
and he sold out to S. W. Creed. Purchasing the homestead farm of his 
parents, he made his home thereon with the expectation that the outdoor 
life incident to conducting a farm would restore his health. This expectation 
was realized, and for five years he was busily engaged in agriculture. With 
rrestored health the desire for mercantile activity returned, and he now pur- 
chased from Mr. Creed the dry-goods business he had formerly conducted. 
Thenceforth until his retirement from trade in 1898 he was prominent among 
the merchants of the county. With the exception of three years, when his 
brother Bennett was connected with him, and two 3'ears when his son was a 
partner, he was the sole proprietor of the business. 

PROFESSOR JOHN ELWOOD BUNDY. 

This gentleman, known as the "artist of Earlham Place," in Rich- 
mond, possesses talent which has placed his name high among the portrait 
and landscape painters of this state. Nor is his fame confined to this sec- 
tion, as in the east his works have received special honor and favorable crit- 
icism, and many of the most celebrated of his paintings are owned by pri- 
vate individuals and public institutions in New England. That genius is 
inborn and not acquired is an axiom which finds fresh exemplification in his 
case, as almost in his babyhood he sought to express his artistic ideas with 
pencil and chalk, and perseveringly he pursued his way with one fixed ambi- 
tion and goal ever before him, undaunted by the obstacles which he encoun- 
tered. 

The parents of Mr. Bundy were John and Mary (Moore) Bundy, both 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 227 

natives of Guilford county, North Carolina. Some years after their mar- 
riage, in 1858, they removed to a farm in Morgan county, Indiana, and there 
they spent the remainder of their lives, the father dying in 1891 and the 
mother in 1893. 

The birth of John Elwood Bundy took place in Guilford county. North 
Carolina, May i, 1853, and until he was twenty-four years of age he con- 
tinued to reside with his parents, assisting in the labors of the old homestead. 
His education was such as the district schools afforded, supplemented by 
private study and reading. When he was but eight years of age his draw- 
ings of familiar scenes, animals and persons possessed such merit as to 
receive the favorable comment of his neighbors, and he determined that art 
should be his life work. As the years rolled swiftly by he continued to sit at 
the feet of mother nature, studying her in all her varied moods, and thus lay- 
ing the best possible foundations for his future career. At length he went to 
Indianapolis, where he received instruction from B. S. Hayes, then consid- 
ered the most successful portrait painter in the state, and, subsequently, the 
young man studied in New York city and was allowed the privilege of copy- 
ing at the Metropolitan Museum. 

In 1877 Professor Bundy commenced teaching art at Martinsville, Mor- 
gan county, and for the next ten years devoted himself to his chosen voca- 
tion, doing some fine work in the meantime. Then, coming to Earlham 
College, he took charge of the art department, with which he was connected 
for eight years. In 1895 he resigned, in order to devote himself more thor- 
oughly to painting, and because the demands upon his time had become 
too exacting. Since then he has not been able to fill the orders which he 
has received for landscape and portrait paintings. One of his best-known 
efforts, entitled " Early Spring," a canvas forty by sixty inches in dimensions, 
now hangs on the walls in Earlham College, as does also a fine portrait of 
Professor Morgan, painted from life. That gentleman was connected with 
the college for many years and was thoroughly interested in the success of 
the institution. In the library at West Falmouth, Massachusetts, the visitor 
will observe two beautiful and lifelike paintings, one "An Autumn Scene on 
the Whitewater," the other "A June Morning," the latter showing a flock of 
sheep in the foreground. The critics have specially favored these produc- 
tions from the brush of Mr. Bundy, though many others of his works seem 
deserving of equal praise. 

In 1875 he married Miss Mary A. Maslett, of Morgan county, Indiana. 
Their elder son, Arthur L., has apparently inherited somewhat of his father's 
genius, and is an art photographer, taking views of landscapes, buildings and 
interiors of houses, as well as domg a general photographic business. Walter 
E., the younger son, is a student in the local high school. 



228 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



JESSE J. KENWORTHY. 

Jesse J, Kenworthy, deceased, was for many years a leading business 
man and prominent citizen, whom to know was to esteem him. He was 
born near West Elkton, Ohio, on the loth of February, 1827, and was ason 
of William and Alice (Ballard) Kenworthy. The parents were natives of 
North Carolina, whence they removed to Ohio at an early day, locating near 
West Elkton. They were earnest Christian people of the highest respecta- 
bility and the father was for many years an elder in the Friends' church. 
The mother died in her Ohio home during the early boyhood of our subject, 
and he was reared to early manhood on his father's farm, where he became 
familiar with all the duties and labors that fall to the lot of the agriculturist. 

Soon after attaining his majority he came to Richmond and was identi- 
fied with the interests of the city up to the time of his death. He first 
embarked in the tanning business in connection with his father, and carried 
on operations in that line with good success for a number of years. Subse- 
quently, in partnership with his father, he engaged in the manufacture of 
fiour under the firm name of Kenworthy & Company, and was thus associa- 
ted with the industrial affairs of Richmond until almost the close of his life. 
A few years, however, before his demise he sold his milling interests, and was 
making arrangements to carry on the manufacture of linseed oil in connection 
with his brothers-in-law, Isaac P., William R. and Joseph R. Evans, when 
he was taken ill. Prosperity attended his efforts in the world of trade; he 
never indulged in speculation but followed the legitimate channels of business, 
and by the exercise of industry, sound judgment, energy and perseverance 
he won a handsome competency, of which he was well deserving. His repu- 
tation was unassailable in all trade transactions, and his word was as good as 
his bond. He enjoyed the confidence of all with whom his business dealings 
brought him in contact and he was regarded as one of the representative 
business men of Richmond. 

In 185 1 Mr. Kenworthy was united in marriage to Miss Mary P. Evans, 
a sister of Isaac P. Evans, now deceased, and they became the parents of 
four children, namely: Thomas Evans, who is a clerk in the freight office of 
the Panhandle Railroad at Logansport, Indiana; Alice, who is living in 
Richmond with her mother; Lydia, wife of George Nichols, of Clyde, Ohio; 
and Margaret J., wife of Clayburn S. Jones, of Logansport, Indiana, where 
he occupies a clerical position in the office of the general superintendent of 
the Panhandle Railroad Company. 

Mr. Kenworthy died August 29, 1864, and the community thereby lost 
one of its valued citizens, the church a consistent member, his neighbors a 
faithful friend and his family a devoted husband and father; but he left to his 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 229 

children not only a comfortable property, but also the priceless heritage of a 
good name. In his political associations he was a Whig, but never sought 
or desired public office. He was long an earnest and zealous member of the 
Friends' church, was prompt in attendance on all its services, was liberal in 
his contributions to its support, and above all exemplified its teachings in his 
daily life. He served as a teacher in the Sunday-school, and was a very 
able instructor. In all life's relations he was true and faithful to duty and 
the trust reposed in him, and thereby won the unqualified confidence 
and respect of his fellow men. His widow still survives him, and now 
resides in her pleasant home in Spring Grove, a pretty little suburb of Rich- 
mond. She, too, is a faithful member of the church and a most estimable 
lady who enjoys the warm regard of a large circle of friends and acquaint- 
ances. 

HENRY MOORMAN. 

In the best development of Wayne county, Henry Moorman bore an 
important part. He was identified with the agricultural interests of this 
section of the state from pioneer days, and while promoting the material 
welfare of the community also gave an active and liberal support to those 
measures with tended to advance its intellectual and moral status. His life 
was filled with good deeds and kindly thoughts, and all who knew him 
entertained for him the highest regard, by reason of his upright, honorable 
life. Over the record of his career there falls no shadow of wrong or 
suspicion of evil. To his daughter, his only descendant, he left not only a 
handsome property but that good name which is rather to be chosen than 
great riches, and his example i§ one well worthy of emulation by his many 
friends. 

Mr. Moorman was born in Richmond county, North Carolina, July 7, 
1813, a son of Tarlton and Hannah (Way) Moorman, the former a native of 
North Carolina and the latter of South Carolina. In 18 16 Tarlton Moorman 
came on a prospecting tour to the west and purchased land in Randolph 
county, Indiana, then an almost unbroken wilderness, and in 1822 he 
removed with his family to the new possession. Thus it was that Henry 
Moorman became identified with the pioneer development of the state. He 
was then only nine years of age. His mother had died in the south and his 
father had married again. The second wife died July 12, 1865, and the 
father then lived with the children until his death, which occurred December 
30, 1875, when he was almost ninety-three years of age. On the death of 
his father Tarlton Moorman had received one hundred and fifty dollars, and 
at his death was worth forty thousand dollars, which figures give some 
indication of the active, useful life he lived. 

He had three brothers: Thomas, born in 1790, died in 1841; and James 



230 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

and Jesse, twins, born in Richmond county, North Carolina, June 26, 1895. 
Their father died when they were six years old. In 1822 James Moorman 
came to Wayne county, Indiana, and was prominently identified with the agri- 
cultural interests of this locality for many years. In i860 he established the 
Winchester Bank, and was also the owijer of considerable city property in 
Winchester and Union City. He also accumulated much farming property 
and at his death, which occurred in 1888, he left to his nephew, Henry Moor- 
man, seventeen hundred and eighteen acres of valuable land, besides realty in 
Winchester and Union City, the entire amount valued at about thirty-three 
thousand dollars. 

Although surrounded by all the comforts of life in his last years, in early 
life Henry Moorman experienced many of the hardships and difficulties inci- 
dent to the establishment of a home on the frontier. He aided in the devel- 
opment of his father's farm until seventeen years of age, when he left home 
and learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed for a number of years. 
After securing a farm of his own, he conducted a carpenter's shop there, and 
made cradles, window sash, doors, coffins and grain cradles. Through great 
industry and economy he was enabled to gain a good start in life, and worked 
his way upward to a position of affluence. 

On the 17th of March, 1836, at Dunkirk, Randolph county, Indiana, 
Mr. Moorman was united in marriage to Miss Ann Diggs, daughter of William 
and Fanny (Crews) Diggs, who came from Anson county, North Carolina, to 
Indiana in 1822, settling in Randolph county. After his marriage Mr. Moor- 
man took up his residence on a tract of land which he entered from the gov- 
ernment, near where the Poplar Run meeting-house now stands. This was 
covered with timber, but he at once began to clear away the trees and in 
course of time transformed the raw tract into richly cultivated fields, the 
waving grain giving evidence of abundant harvests. There he made his 
home until 1869, when he purchased one hundred and eighteen acres of ara- 
ble land in New Garden township, Wayne county. This tract was improved 
with a substantial residence and other good farm buildings, and to the further 
development of his land Mr. Moorman devoted his energies until after his 
wife's death, which occurred February 18, 1872. He continued to reside 
upon that farm until March 31, 1884, when he purchased property in Foun- 
tain City, where he made his home until his death. There were four chil- 
dren in the family, but the eldest died in infancy; Susanna died at the age of 
two and a half years, and Caroline died about two years prior to her father's 
death; so that Rebecca, wife of Joseph Brown, is the only one now living. 

Mr. Moorman was a very prominent and influential member of the 
Society of Friends, and in his younger days took a very active part in the 
work of the church. He was first connected with the Beech Grove meeting. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 231 

and later with that at Fountain City. Before his death he and his daughter 
Rebecca donated two farms, comprising two hundred and fifty-two acres, to 
Earlham College, the income from which is to be devoted to the extension of the 
work of the Biblical department. His home was the place of entertainment for 
all the Friends, particularly the ministers who visited the neighborhood, and with 
his team and carriage he would drive the ministers from house to house, that 
they might visit the people of the denomination and promote the cause for 
which they were laboring. He made many sacrifices in the interests of his 
chlirch,and throughout his life was deeply interested in its welfare. He was well 
read in the literature of the church as well as in Bible and other sacred history. 
At all times he was a warm friend of education and did all in his power to 
promote intellectual activity among his neighbors. Before the war he was a 
Strong opponent of slavery and was connected with the " underground rail- 
road." He joined the Republican party when it was formed to prevent the 
further extension of slavery, and remained one of its stalwart advocates 
until his death. He was a man of firm convictions, honest purpose, kindly 
nature and upright life, and the world is better for his having lived. He 
departed from the scene of earth's activities November 14, 1889, but his 
memory is still enshrined in the hearts of his many friends. 

Mrs. Rebecca Brown is now his only surviving child. She was married 
June 25, 1890, to Joseph Brown, a native of Preble county, Ohio, and since 
their marriage they have occupied the Moorman home in Fountain City. 
They carry on their farms, six in number, comprising about six hundred acres 
of land. Mr. Brown gives careful supervision to the property, and the 
improvements placed upon it have increased its value. Mrs. Brown greatly 
resembles her honored father in personal appearance and traits of character, 
is a faithful member of the Society of Friends, and her many admirable 
qualities and social nature render her very popular among a large circle of 
friends in Fountain City and Wayne county. 

KITTRIDGE HILL. 

Though now in his eighty-sixth year, Kittridge Hill, an honored citizen 
of Centerville, Wayne county, is strong and sound in mind and body, pos- 
sessing the energy and vigor of many a man in the prime of life. He has 
been practically retired from business cares since 1863, though he has exten- 
sive property interests in the east, the supervision of which he has never 
relegated to others. In former years he occupied a distinctive position in the 
commercial and political circles of his community, and was recognized as an 
authority in public affairs. He has been faithful to his conceptions of the 
duties of citizenship, ever striving to advance the interests of his fellow men. 

John Hill, the founder of the Hill family in North Brookfield, Massa- 



232 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

chusetts, and ancestor of our subject, came to America from London, 
England, in 1725 or 1727. He became a permanent resident of North 
Brookiield in 1740, and died at his home in that place in 1775, at the 
advanced age of one hundred and two years and two months. The next in 
line of descent were his son Peter and grandson Peter, Jr. The latter was 
a farmer, and possessed considerable talent as a musician. His son Kittridge 
was born in North Brookfield in 1777, and the latter was the father of our 
subject. 

Kittridge Hill, of whom this sketch is penned, was born in the northern 
part of North Brookfield September 29, 1813. In his early manhood he 
devoted himself to agriculture and found plenty of employment at his trade 
of stone-mason. He prospered in his various enterprises and still owns val- 
uable property in his native state, including the old homestead, which he 
formerly cultivated. He was actively interested in the promotion of the 
interests of the Democratic party, and was frequently honored with local 
offices of responsibility and trust. For four years he served as constable of 
North Brookfield township, and for similar periods he was collector and 
treasurer there, being also United States assignee in bankruptcy so long as 
the law creating that office was in force. During President Pierce's admin- 
istration he served as postmaster, was continued by Buchanan, and retained 
the office for some time after President Lincoln entered upon his term. Mr. 
Hill was so popular and so thoroughly efficient in the discharge of his duties as 
postmaster that, though the Republicans had come into power in the opening 
days of the war, and in spite of the fact that the Democratic sentiment was 
in a minority in New England at that time, when a ballot was taken among 
the citizens of North Brookfield he received a three-fourths vote. He 
resigned the same year, however, and was succeeded by a brother of the 
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. He then removed to New York state, where he 
resided for a year or two, and in March, 1863, he came to Centerville, where 
he has since made his home. 

In his early manhood Mr. Hill wedded Miss Susan H. Brimhall, the 
ceremony which united their fortunes being performed April 11, 1837. The 
following year Mrs. Hill died, and subsequently he married Miss Elizabeth R. 
Tyler, from whom he was divorced in i860. The third wife of Mr. Hill was 
Miss Fanny B. Sheldon, of Deerfield, Massachusetts, and together they pur- 
sued the journey of life until the death of Mrs. Hill, at her home in this place, 
in 1891. Four sons were born to our subject, but only one, Lloj'd Kittridge, 
of Centerville, survives. Albert Tyler died when three years old, and War- 
ren Tyler and Walter Copeland when young lads. The friends of Kittridge 
Hill are legion, both in Centerville and in North Brookfield, his former 
home, his many noble qualities having won the praise and admiration of his 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 233 

associates and acquaintances wherever he has gone. His life, which has 
nearly spanned the century, has been filled with useful, loving deeds, which 
will be remembered when he has been called to his reward. To his 
<3escendants he will leave the record of a blameless life, — a more priceless 
heritage than wealth. 

LLOYD K. HILL. 

Lloyd Kittridge Hill, who is well known throughout Wayne county 
because of his effective, earnest labors on behalf of the Democratic party, is 
of the sixth generation of Hills who have lived in New England, the founder 
of his family having settled in that section of the United States in the early 
part of the last century. He possesses the business ability, good judgment 
and acumen for which the Anglo-Saxon race is noted, and unites with these 
characteristics strong patriotism and an optimistic faith in the great future in 
store for his loved country. 

Born at North Brookfield, Massachusetts, January 8, 1844, a son of 
Kittridge Hill, whose history precedes this sketch, our subject's boyhood 
memories are of the locality where his forefathers had dwelt for more than a 
century. His common-school education was supplemented by a course at 
the academy of his native town, and instruction in the higher branches of 
learning at Fall River College. When twenty years of age he accompanied 
his parents to Indiana, and for several years he was employed in clerking in 
various places, — in Centerville, Liberty, Cambridge and Terre Haute, among 
others. Then for two seasons he managed and conducted a dramatic com- 
pany, comprised of eighteen persons, touring through Indiana, Ohio, Michi- 
gan and many of the southern and western states, and was quite successful 
in this difficult enterprise. 

Subsequently to his marriage, in 1870, Mr. Hill located at Centerville, 
■where he has since made his home. He has owned and carried on a valuable 
farm adjoining the town, and has not confined his energies to agriculture, for 
he has been engaged in cutting and supplying hard-wood timber to various 
factories, has hauled material for buildings and county bridges and contracted 
for grading county roads. Thus he has always been kept very busy at some 
outside enterprise. He furnished the hard wood to the Henley manufactory 
ior his roller skates, on which a fortune was made by that concern, and has 
supplied Gaar, Scott & Company, Robinson & Company and the Quaker City 
Chair Company with timber at times. 

The cause of education has always found a strong friend in Mr. Hill, 
who served for six years here as a member of the school board, a portion of 
this period being the president and treasurer. The Democratic party has 
few stancher supporters in this county, which is strongly Republican, as 



234 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Centerville was the home of Governor Morton and Senator Julian. For 
years he has served almost every election as one of the election judges, and 
frequently he has been sent as a delegate to local conventions of the party. 
He has been elected a member of the board of town trustees several times, 
and at present enjoys the distinction of being the president of the board. He 
is a firm believer in free silver and the principles ably advocated by Bryan 
in the last campaign, and is well posted upon all of the great questions of the 
day. Personally he is esteemed by all who have the pleasure of his acquaint- 
ance, for he is loyal and true to his friends, courteous and kindly in dispo- 
sition, and has due regard for the the rights and welfare of his fellow men. 

On the 28th of May, 1870, L. K. Hill and Miss Louisa Pierce, of Knights- 
town, Indiana, were united in marriage. They have been blessed with six 
children, the eldest of whom, Ida May, is the wife of Jacob Smelser, of Bos- 
ton township, Wayne county. Mr. and Mrs. Smelser have one child, How- 
ard, who figures as one of a photographic group of the four living genera- 
tions of the Hill family. Grace C., the second daughter of our subject and 
wife, married John Hoerner, of Richmond. Adah, a young lady, is at home; 
Laura B., is a student in the Centerville high school, and the younger chil- 
dren are Lloyd Kittridge and Addie. They are receiving excellent educa- 
tions, the elder children being graduates of the high school here. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hill have reason to be proud of their family, and in looking back over 
their past they have little to regret, as they have faithfully performed the 
duties devolving upon them, in all their relations with their fellow men. 

JOHN S. LACKEY. 

John S. Lackey, who is well known throughout Wayne county and this 
section of the state, comes of a family early identified with its history. He 
is a grandson of John Lackey, who was born in Lancaster county, Pennsj'l- 
vania, about 1798, and reared eleven children, four of whom were associated 
with Cambridge City annals in later years, namely: Ira, Sanford, Mrs. 
Maria Richey and Mrs. Susan Kendall. The wife of Ira Lackey, Mrs. 
Catherine (Merritt) Lackey, departed this life, January 6, 1899, at the 
advanced age of ninety-three years. 

Sanford Lackey, the father of our subject, was one of the pioneer mer- 
chants of this vicinity. Coming here from Cincinnati, Ohio, he established 
the first large and well equipped dry-goods store in Cambridge City, his 
original outlay of money in this enterprise amounting to ten thousand dollars. 
He was also much interested in horses, dealing in fine animals and transact- 
ing much business in this line in the course of a year. 

John S. Lackey is a native of Cambridge City, born in 1850, and has 
passed his whole life in this immediate vicinity. He is the second in order of 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 235 

birth of the five children of Sanford and Jane Lackey, the others being: 
Charles, Parke, Frank and Alice, the last named being the wife of B. F. 
Mosbaugh, editor of the Cambridge City Tribune. John S. Lackey remained 
unmarried until he was forty-two years of age, when he wedded Miss Cath- 
erine Driggs, of this city. 

From his youth John S. Lackey was extremely fond of good horses, 
early becoming a reliable judge of their merits. fn 1868 he opened a livery 
stable in Cambridge City, his native town, which enterprise he carried on 
successfully. In 1886 he instituted a combination sale, which has taken 
place each year since, and often from three to six hundred horses are sold, 
at one of these annual events the amount of money changing hands reach- 
ing one hundred and thirty-five thousand dollars. Mr. Lackey is the owner 
and manager of the Cambridge City race track and stables, and makes a 
specialty of training trotters and pacers, buying and matching teams, and 
executing various commissions of that nature. He is recognized as an 
authority on all questions relating to horses or the turf, and unquestionably 
takes the lead in these matters in this part of Indiana. 

WALTER T. CARPENTER. 

In a brief sketch of any living citizen it is difficult to do him exact and 
impartial justice, — not so much, however, from lack of space or words to set 
forth the familiar and passing events of his personal history, as for want of 
the perfect and rounded conception of his whole life, which grows, develops 
and ripens, like fruit, to disclose its true and best flavor only when it is mel- 
lowed by time. Daily contact with the man so familiarizes us with his many 
virtues that we ordinarily overlook them and commonly underestimate their 
possessor. Nevertheless, while the man passes away, his deeds of virtue live 
on, and will in due time bear fruit and do him the justice which our pen 
fails to record. There are, however, some elements in the life record of Mr. 
Carpenter that even now serve as examples well worthy of emulation, and 
his fellow townsmen are not unappreciative of these. He is one of the most 
highly esteemed citizens of Richmond, and his name will ever be associated 
with Earlham College during the period of its greatest prosperity. 

Born on the ist of January, 181 1, at Duanesburg, near Albany, New 
York, he is a son of Isaac and Mercy (Frost) Carpenter. The family is of 
Welsh lineage and the ancestry can be traced back in direct line to Ezra 
Carpenter, who was born in Wilkshire, Wales, in 1570, and had two sons, 
Richard and William. The latter never married, and died in 1701, leaving 
an estate estimated at three million pounds sterling. Richard Carpenter had 
two sons, Ephraim and Timothy, who emigrated to the United States in 
1678, and located in Hempstead, Long Island. The latter was born Decem- 



236 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ber 19, 1665, and had three sons, John, Runyan and Timothy. The first 
named, John Carpenter, of Oyster Bay, was born June 13, 1690, and had 
two sons, John and Abel. The former was born January 7, 1714, was a 
hatter by trade, and in 1736 removed to New Castle, Westchester county, 
New York. 

Of his three sons, Abraham became the grandfather of our subject. He 
was born in Westchester county, December 27, 1728, and spent his entire 
life there, carrying on agricultural pursuits. He married Lydia Potter and 
had a family of ten children, including Isaac Carpenter, father of Richmond's 
well known citizen. He was born in Westchester county. New York, in 
1779, and after his marriage to Mercy Frost removed to Duanesburg, that 
state, where he lived for ten years. In 181 5 he became a resident of Clinton 
county, Ohio, where he spent his remaining days, his death occurring in 
1836. He was a farmer by occupation, and followed that pursuit through- 
out his entire life. 

Walter T. Carpenter was the youngest son in a family of six children, 
three sons and three daughters, and with his parents removed to Clinton 
county, Ohio, when four years of age. He attended the common schools for 
a time, then spent one year as a student in a boarding school in Mount 
Pleasant, and one year in John Griscom's private school, in New York 
city. Returning then to his father's farm in Clinton county, Ohio, he there 
remained until his marriage, when, in 1834, he removed to Cincinnati and 
engaged in the milk business for two years. On the expiration of that period 
he again went to Clinton county, and embarked in the dry-goods business, 
which he carried on for ten years, when he returned to Cincinnati and joined 
his brother Calvin in the pork and commission business, under the firm name 
of C. Carpenter & Brother. This connection was continued two years, when 
the brother died, and our subject then removed to Warren county, Ohio, 
where he carried on agricultural pursuits for ten years. At the end of that 
time he came to Richmond, in 1858, and located on a farm, but in a few 
months he went to the Friends' Boarding School, now Earlham College, as 
superintendent, a position which he filled most acceptably for fifteen years. 
After two years' connection therewith the name was changed to Earlham 
College. He made the institution one of the leading educational features in 
this section of the state, and under his management its enrollment was 
increased from seventy pupils to more than two hundred. In the upbuilding 
and success of the school he was largely instrumental, having charge of the 
farm, the finances and the government of the students, in fact, virtually filling 
the office of president in connection with that of superintendent. His con- 
nection therewith covered the most prosperous era in its history, for it became 
a strong educational representative of the Society of Friends, and was entirely 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 237 

self-supporting, which it had not been before, nor has it been since. On his 
retirement from the school, in 1875, Mr. Carpenter engaged in farming for 
three years, on a farm three miles north of Richmond, Indiana, but his 
health failed and he removed to West Richmond, near the college, and has 
since made his home there, resting in the enjoyment of a well earned retire- 
ment from labor. 

In 1834 Mr. Carpenter was united in marriage to Miss Susan Mabie, of 
Westchester county. New York, and they now have three living children and have 
lost one. Charles G., the eldest, is superintendent of the Richmond Roller 
Mills; Albert F. died in infancy; Caroline is the wife of Henry C. Wright, of 
Argus, Indiana; and Elizabeth is the wife of Daniel W. Mormon, 
of Indianapolis, a member of the ^rm of the Nordyke & Mormon Company 
and of the Light, Heat & Power Company. 

Mr. Carpenter was reared in the political faith of the Whig party, and 
first gave his support to its men and measures, but on its dissolution he joined 
the ranks of the Republican party and has since been one of its stalwart 
advocates. He is interested in all that will promote good government and is 
a progressive, public-spirited citizen. Like his family for generations, he is 
connected with the Society of Friends and has lived a conscientious Christian 
life, characterized by many good deeds. Devotion to his family and friends, 
fidelity to every trust reposed in him, and advocacy of all that tends to 
benefit mankind, — these are the salient characteristics of Walter T. Car- 
penter. 

PERRY J. FREEMAN. 

Mr. Freeman, who is the present postmaster of Richmond, and a mem- 
ber of the law firm of Johnson & Freeman, was born near Albion, Noble 
county, Indiana, on the 5th of August, 1857, his parents being Rev. Everson 
S. and Elizabeth J. (Proutyj Freeman. On the paternal side he is of Scotch- 
Irish extraction and on the maternal side is of German lineage. His grand- 
father. Rev. Noah Freeman, a minister of the New-Light church, was a 
native of Ohio and spent his entire life in the vicinity of Dayton, where he 
died in 1836. He married Margaret Morris, a niece of Robert Morris, the 
millionaire patriot whose liberality made possible the conduct of the financial 
affairs of the new republic. After the death of Rev. Noah Freeman she mar- 
ried Captain Frink and they removed to Noble county, Indiana, where they 
spent their remaining days. Captain Frink was a well known surveyor of 
pioneer times, served as county surveyor of Noble county and superintended 
the construction of the dam that forms the lake at Rome City, Indiana. 

The father of our subject. Rev. Everson S. Freeman, was born near 
Dayton, Ohio, in 1832. He lost his father when four years of age, and 
when still a child came with his mother and stepfather to Indiana. He was 



-288 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

reared to manhood in Noble county and, preparing himself for the work of the 
ministry, spent his entire Hfe as a preacher of the gospel. He belonged to 
the North Indiana conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, and labored 
among the people of that district for many years, but a short time before his 
death he removed to Topeka, Kansas, where his last days were passed. In 
October, 1893, at the age of sixty-three years, he was called to the home 
beyond. By his marriage to Elizabeth J. Prouty he became the father of 
two children: Mrs. Ella E. Owen, of Topeka, Kansas, and Perry J. 

In various counties of the state Perry J. Freeman spent the days of his 
boyhood and youth. He completed the high-school course in Noblesville, 
Indiana, and also the work of the freshman year, in Asbury University, at 
Greencastle, Indiana. At the age of twenty he began teaching in Wayne 
county, where he followed that profession for five consecutive years. In 
April, 1883, he came to Richmond and registered as a student of law in the 
office of Hon. Henry U. Johnson, representative in the sixth congressional 
district, and his present law partner. His studies were carefully directed, 
and, applying himself with great diligence to the mastery of the science of 
jurisprudence, he gained a wide and accurate knowledge of the law. In 
March, 1885, he was admitted to the bar, and entered into partnership with 
his former preceptor, a connection that was maintained for two and a half 
years. He was then alone in business for two years, at the end of which 
time the old partnership relations were resumed, and the firm of Johnson & 
Freeman takes rank among the leading ones in this part of the state. Mr. 
Freeman is engaged in general practice, and has met with fair success. He 
is very painstaking and careful in the preparation of his cases, and, quick to 
note the strong points of a suit, he never fails to use them to the best advan- 
tage. Law rather than theory, common sense rather than pleasing rhetor- 
ical phrases, are the characteristically strong points of his argument, and his 
clients know him as one who is always true and loyal to the interests intrusted 
to his keeping. In 1890 he was a candidate for the nomination for prose- 
cuting attorney, but was defeated before the convention by H. C. Starr, of 
Richmond. 

On the 5th of June, 1883, Mr. Freeman was united in marriage to Miss 
Martha J. Howard, of Anderson, Indiana, and they have three children: 
Howard, Gath and Hazel. They have a pleasant home and many warm 
friends in Richmond. 

It would be difficult to find anyone who takes a more genuine interest in 
the welfare of this city than Mr. Freeman, who at all times is ready to 
co-operate in any movement for the public good. In May, 1891, he was 
elected mayor of the city, and served three and a half years, a period of 
marked progress and improvement in the municipality. Under his adminis- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 239 

tration an electric-light system was introduced, the sewerage system was 
improved, streets were paved with vitrified brick, and other changes were 
made, until Richmond became one of the best improved and most progressive 
cities of its size in the United States. This is due in no small measure to 
Mr. Freeman, who used his official power for the benefit of the town and its 
residents. In 1S98 he was appointed postmaster, entering upon the duties of 
the office on the ist of February. He is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and also a valued representative of the Knights of Pythias 
fraternity. In all his social and business relations he is popular and influen- 
tial, and his future may be forecast at least to this extent: It will be charac- 
terized by great activity in the important things that concern the interests of 
society and good government. 

HON. SAMUEL W. PARKER. 

Hon. Samuel W. Parker, deceased, was a son of Samuel Parker, a 
native of Vermont, and of Elizabeth, nee Miller, of Massachusetts, the former 
of English and the latter of German extraction. They removed with their 
parents to Jefferson county, New York, and were married October 20, 1803, 
in a town then known as Champion. They lived in Watertown, where the 
father died, leaving an only son, the subject of this sketch. 

Samuel W. was born one month and seven days after his father's demise. 
At the age of one and a half years he was adopted by a kind and affectionate 
stepfather, Joseph Wadley, who owned a farm and flouring-mill near Sackett's 
Harbor. Here at the age of four years young Samuel began attending 
school. In 18 1 5 the family removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, and in 18 18 to 
Oxford, same state. Having made a thorough preparation, Samuel W. 
entered Miami University in January, 1825, and graduated there in 1829, 
with high honors, his course being a succession of brilliant intellectual tri- 
umphs and evincing every omen of a bright future. He took high rank as a 
speaker. 

Soon after graduation he came to Connersville and in November opened 
a private school, which he taught several terms, and then became principal 
of the county seminary, the building being then completed. Early in 1829 
he began writing for the Fayette Observer. In 1830 he issued the Political 
Clarion, wherein he supported Henry Clay. He wielded a trenchant pen, 
showing no mercy to political heresy. During all this time, however, he 
entertained a determination to become eventually a lawyer, and during the 
intervals of other duties he devoted his moments to the study of law, and in 
1 83 1 he was admitted to the bar. He almost immediately took high rank as 
a jury lawyer, and in a few years stood high before the courts. 

He served a term or two as a member of the state legislature. In 1849 



240 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

he was elected to congress, and re-elected in 1851, his second term closing 
March 4, 1855. He declined a re-election. In congress he was one of the 
strongest opponents of the repeal of the Missouri compromise, and made one 
of the most effective speeches against the repeal delivered on the floor of 
congress during those exciting years. His eloquence was of that thrilling 
character which laid fast hold on the minds of his hearers and carried them 
along with him like a resistless torrent. He never spoke at a political gath- 
ering where he did not leave his political friends in the wildest state of 
enthusiasm and his enemies seared and blasted by his sarcastic argument. 
He could arouse their indignation or melt them to tears with equal ease. He 
was scholarly, and all through his life was a student. Originally gifted with 
a mind of high order, he had added to it by a store of learning. 

He resided the last years of his life on the old Elm farm near Conners- 
ville, and spent his time in practicing law in this and adjoining counties. He 
was president of the Junction Railroad Company at the time of his death, 
and was formerly the president of the Whitewater Coal Company, and he 
took a leading part in all public improvements. His death occurred Febru- 
ary I, 1859, and by that event the people of Indiana suffered a great loss. 

DAVID J. HOERNER. 

One of the most straightforward, energetic and successful business men 
who ever lived in Richmond was the late David J. Hoerner. Few men have 
been more prominent or widely known in this enterprising city than was he. 
In business circles he was an important factor and his popularity was well 
deserved, for in him were embraced the characteristics of an unbending integ- 
rity, unabating energy and industry that never flagged. He was public- 
spirited and thoroughly interested in whatever tends to promote the moral, 
intellectual and material welfare of Richmond, and for many years he was- 
numbered among its most valued and honored citizens. 

A native of Germany, Mr. Hoerner was born in Waldenburg, February 
12, 1830. His parents spent their entire lives there, the father dying during 
the early childhood of our subject and thus leaving to his wife the care of 
their little son and daughter. The latter, grown to womanhood, became 
Mrs. Christina Rist, and is now a resident of Dayton, Ohio. At an early age 
David J. Hoerner began preparation for the ministry, pursuing his studies in- 
Stuttgart until after he had attained his majority, but his financial circum- 
stances were limited, and finding it very difficult to meet his expenses he 
followed his uncles's advice to abandon his studies and take up some trade. 
Accordingly he began learning the baker's trade, beginning his apprentice- 
ship in the Fatherland. In 1854, however, he determined to try his fortune 
in America, and crossing the Atlantic took up his residence in Dayton, Ohio,. 




'cX>2:^^y '^ JJ^:^(t^^;^r:^^-^^^^^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 241 

where he completed his apprenticeship in the bakery estabhshment of the 
firm of Bosler & Bowman. 

In 1855 Mr. Hoerner removed to Richmond, where he began business 
on his own account, establishing the second enterprise of the kind in the city, 
his predecessor being William Mason. He began operations on a small 
scale at No. .13 South Fifth street, but his trade constantly increased in vol- 
ume and importance until it had assumed extensive proportions. The quality 
of his goods, his evident desire to please his patrons, and his straightforward 
dealings won him a very marked success, and for many years he maintained 
the leadership in his line in this section of the state. During the war, in 
1862 and 1863, he furnished bread and other bakery goods for over one thou- 
sand soldiers. He was one of the first cracker manufacturers of Richmond. 
These goods were at first made by hand, but after a time, owing to the great 
demand, he increased his facilities by putting in the most improved machin- 
ery used in the manufacture of crackers, and his trade was then extended 
over many of the adjoining states. He carried on a general bakery business, 
and prosperity attended his well directed efforts. He was solicited to join 
the United States Baking Company when the great combine was formed, but 
refused, and carried on an independent business until 1893, when he retired, 
being succeeded in the enterprise by his son, John J., who is still carrying on 
the business at the old headquarters. 

Mr. Hoerner was a man of excellent business and executive ability, of 
keen discrimination, sound judgment and capable management. He did not 
limit his efforts to one line of business, but encouraged many enterprises that 
promoted the commercial activity of the city and promoted some by his finan- 
cial assistance and his advice. He was at one time a large stockholder and 
a director in the Richmond National Bank, which for a considerable period 
was one of the substantial institutions of the city, but which afterward failed, 
Mr. Hoerner losing considerable money thereby. He was also one of the 
organizers of the German Mutual Fire Insurance Company, was chosen its 
first president, and served in that capacity until his death. His reputation 
in all trade transactions was above question, and to an unusual degree he 
enjoyed the confidence and regard of those with whom he was brought in 
contact through business dealings. 

In 1855 Mr. Hoerner was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Mark wart, 
a native of Germany, but at the time of her marriage a resident of Dayton, 
Ohio. They had two sons, Charles, who is now living in Richmond; and 
David, who died in early manhood in the west. After the death of his first 
wife, Mr. Hoerner was again married, in i860, his second union being with 
Miss Catherine Leab, a native of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, born in 
1839. Her parents, John and Christina Leab, were both natives of Ger- 

16 



242 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

many, the father born in the city of Nurttengen and the mother in Phulinga. 
Coming to the United States in 1830, they located in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, whence they removed to Centerville, Indiana, in 1853, and 
finally came to Richmond, where the father died in 1877, and the mother in 
18S1. To Mr. and Mrs. Hoerner were born eight children, of whom two 
died in infancy. The others are Mrs. R. D. Sherman, of Chicago; Mrs. 
Robert Jenkins, deceased; Mrs. Cassius C. Beall; John J., Mrs. Charles 
Bradway; and Mary C, who is living with her mother. With the exception 
of Mrs. Sherman the surviving children are residents of Richmond, and the 
family is one of prominence in the community, the members holding enviable 
positions in social circles. 

In his political connections Mr. Hoerner was always an ardent Repub- 
lican, and took a deep interest in local political affairs, but was never an 
aspirant for office. He held membership in St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran 
church, and socially was connected with Harmony Lodge, I. O. O. F.; 
Webb Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and the German Benevolent Society. He was 
always loyal to his duties of citizenship, and in many ways aided in advanc- 
ing the measures and movements which promoted the city's welfare. He 
was a man of deep sympathies and broad humanitarian principles, faithful to 
"his friends and devoted to his family. In 1892, accompanied by his wife, he 
•went abroad, visiting the principal cities of France, England and Germany, 
also the places of historic interest, and the beautiful scenes for which those 
countries are famed. He passed away November 9, 1895, but those who 
knew him still cherish as a sacred treasure the memory of his friendship. 
Mrs. Hoerner and her youngest daughter reside in the pleasant family home 
in Richmond, left to her by her husband. She is a lady of culture and social 
grace, and the hospitality of her home is enjoyed by many friends. 

O. B. FULGHUM. 

"Earn thy reward; the gods give naught to sloth," said the sage 
Epicharmus, and the truth of the admonition has been verified in human 
affairs in all the ages which have rolled their course since his day. The sub- 
ject to whose life history we now direct attention has, by ceaseless toil and 
endeavor, attained a marked success in business affairs, has gained the respect 
and confidence of men, and is recognized as one of the distinctively represent- 
ative citizens of Richmond. He is a leading insurance agent and real-estate 
dealer, and has that keen discrimination and sagacity in business affairs 
which when combined with energy and industry lead to success. 

Mr. Fulghum is one of Richmond's native sons, his birth having occurred 
February 28, 1859. His parents were Jesse P. and Susan (Benton) Fulghum. 
The former was born September 8, 1S29, in Randolph county, Indiana, a son 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 243 

of Frederick and Piety (Parker) Fulghum. The great-grandfatherof our sub- 
ject, Michael Fulghum, was a native of Wayne county, North Carolina, and 
there spent his entire life, his death occurring in 1804, at the age of sixty-five 
years. He owned a large plantation of several hundred acres and was one 
of the leading planters of his district. He married Molly Bunn, a lady of 
French-Huguenot extraction. Tradition says that their ancestors fled from 
France at the time of the persecution of the Huguenots and took refuge in 
England. Later they came from that country to America, settling in North 
Carolina. To Michael and Molly Fulghum were born eleven children, five 
sons and six daughters, several of whom emigrated to Indiana. Among these 
was Anthony Fulghum, who located in Richmond, Indiana. He was the 
father of Benjamin Fulghum, a minister of the Friends' society. He preached 
for thirty years and was well known in church circles. 

Frederick Fulghum, the grandfather of our subject and the youngest of 
this family, also came to Indiana. He. was born in Wayne county, North 
Carolina, in 1799, and emigrated westward in 1820, being one of the first to 
seek a home in this state. He took up his residence in Randolph county, 
where he remained until called to the home beyond in 1879. He made farm- 
ing his life work, and was the owner of a valuable tract of land of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, upon which stood a good residence and other substan- 
tial improvements. An active member of the Society of Friends, he was an 
elder in the church, and for fifty years was the leading representative of the 
Arba meeting. In politics he was first a Whig and afterward a Republican, 
but was never an aspirant for office. He married Piety Parker, a lady of 
English descent, born in Guilford county. North Carolina, in 1818, a daughter 
of Jesse Parker, who spent the greater part of his life in that county, engaged 
in merchandising. About 1830, however, he came to Indiana and spent his 
last days in the home of Frederick Fulghum, in Randolph county. He was 
also a Friend, and the members of the family were prominent in the work of 
the society. To Frederick and Piety Fulghum were born four sons and five 
daughters: Edah, who became the wife of William Hunt, and both are now 
deceased; Michael, who also has passed away; Anna, who became the wife 
of Nathan Overman and has also passed away; Sally also married George 
Overman and is now deceased; Jesse P. is the next of the family; Martha is 
the wife of Alpheus Test, of Richmond; Mary is the deceased wife of Joshua 
Thomas; Francis A. died in infancy; and Frederick C. is the secretary of the 
Richmond Business College. 

Jesse Parker Fulghum, the father of O. B. Fulghum, was reared in Ran- 
dolph county, where he remained until twenty years of age; and then he came 
to Richmond, where he began working at the carpenter's trade, which he had 
learned with his father. A year later he entered the employ of Gaar, Scott 



244 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

& Company, in their machine shops, where he remained for eight years, 
when he went to Milton, Wayne county, to accept the position of superintend- 
ent of the Joseph Ingels drill works. After acting in that capacity for a year 
he purchased a half interest in the enterprise, and the following year, 1866, 
in connection with Joseph Ingels, organized the Hoosier Drill Company, 
of which he became secretary. The following year, however, he sold 
out, and in 1869 went to Dublin, Indiana, as a superintendent of the 
Wayne Agricultural Works, with which he was connected until 1873, when 
he returned to the Hoosier Drill Company as mechanical expert in charge 
of the machinery. For four years he occupied that position and in 1S77 
removed to Richmond to accept a similiar position in the Wayne Agri- 
cultural Works, which in the meantime had been removed from Dublin to 
Richmond. When that enterprise went into the hands of a receiver in 1886, 
he became mechanical expert for M. C. Henley, in which capacity he is still 
serving. He is a man of remarkable mechanical genius and has taken out 
about forty patents, having secured more patents on agricultural implements 
than any other man in the west. To his enterprise, energy and ability is due 
not a little of the commercial activity of this section of the state, and the 
welfare and progress of any section depends upon its commercial activity. 

Jesse P. Fulghum married Miss Susan Benton, a daughter of Thomas 
Benton, who was born near Elizabeth City, North Carolina, and came to 
Wayne county, Indiana, in 1838, locating in Boston township, where he 
engaged in farming for a few years. He then sold his land and removed to 
Richmond, where he engaged in freighting by team from Cincinnati, Ohio. 
A few years later he abandoned that enterprise and established a hardware 
and grocery store as a member of the firm of Fletcher & Benton, his partner 
being S. F. Fletcher. He became the leading hardware merchant of the 
city and continued to carry on operations in that line until his death, which 
occurred in 1871, when he had reached the age of sixty- five years. In poli- 
tics he was a stalwart Democrat. He belonged to the Elkhorn Baptist 
church, was one of its active workers and for many years served as deacon in 
the church. He married Miss Susan Rhodes, and to them were born two 
sons and four daughters. The elder son, Thomas H., was killed at the 
second battle of Bull Run. 

O. B. Fulghum, whose name introduces this review, was reared in Rich- 
mond, Milton and Dublin, Indiana, his parents living at the three places 
during his youth. His literary education, acquired in the common schools, 
was supplemented by a course in the Richmond Business College, and he was 
thus well fitted for the practical duties of life. When fourteen years of age 
he began earning his own livelihood as an employe in the Wayne Agricultural 
Works in Dublin. When sixteen years of age he accompanied his parents 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 245 

on their removal to Milton, where he attended school and also worked in a 
shop. In Richmond he was employed by Gaar, Scott & Company, and on 
leaving that service he spent three years with the Singer Sewing Machine 
Company as bookkeeper. Later he went to Cambridge City, from which 
point he superintended the sale of the Singer sewing machines through a con- 
siderable territory. Upon his return to Richmond, in 1883, he assumed the 
management of the White Sewing Machine Company, acting in that capacity 
until 1887. Since that time he has been extensively engaged in the fire- 
insurance business, representing a number of well known and reliable com- 
panies, including the Springfield Fire and Marine, of Springfield, Massachu- 
setts; the Firemen's Fund, of San Francisco; Hamburg-Bremen, of Germany; 
the American Central, of St. Louis; the American, of Newark, New Jersey; 
the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company, and the jEtna Indemnity Com- 
pany, of Hartford, Connecticut. In 1889 he also began dealing in real estate 
and now has control of considerable valuable property. He is a man of keen 
foresight and sagacity, and therefore is enabled to make judicious invest- 
ments, which yield him a good profit. He is energetic, enterprising and 
reliable, and has the confidence as well as a liberal share of the patronage of 
the public. 

In 1882 Mr. Fulghum was united in marriage to Miss Mary L. Tracy, 
of Richmond, and they have one child, Myra G. He belongs to the First 
Presbyterian church, in which he holds the office of deacon. To church, 
charitable and benevolent work he contributes liberally and is always found 
on the side of progress and advancement. Most of his life having been spent 
in Wayne county, he is widely known among her citizens and is held in 
uniform regard. 

HON. OLIVER H. SMITH. 

The subject of this memoir, now deceased, was a son of Thomas and 
Lffititia Smith, and was born twelve miles above Trenton, New Jersey, on 
Smith's island, in the Delaware River, October 23, I794- His ancestors, 
both paternal and maternal, were friends and associates of William Penn, 
and emigrated with him from England in 1683. They were members of the 
Society of Friends and prominent in the early colonial history. 

Mr. Smith attended school at Lurgan, but was educated mostly by self- 
tuition. Upon the death of his father in 18 13 he left home with but a few 
dollars. In 18 17 he settled at Rising Sun, Indiana, and the next year 
moved to Lawrenceburg, where he read law under the instructions of Gen- 
eral Dill, and was admitted to the bar in the Dearborn county court in 
March of that year. He immediately located in Versailles, Ripley county, 
and in 1820 came to Connersville. He had been here but eighteen months 
when he was induced to become a candidate for the legislature, and in 



246 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

August, 1822, was elected. Accordingly he served during the sessions of 
1822-3, and was the member who named Johnson county, in honor of Judge 
Johnson, of Indiana. He was chairman of the judiciary committee, etc. 
In 1824 he was appointed prosecuting attorney of the third judicial circuit 
of Indiana by Governor Hendricks, in which office he served two years, dis- 
tinguishing himself by prosecuting some of the most noted criminal cases in 
the history of Indiana. In 1826 he was elected to congress by a large 
majority over Hon. John Test, of Brookville, one of the oldest and best 
known men of the state. He served during the sessions of 1827-8, con- 
temporaneously with such men as Tristram Burgess, John Randolph, Samuel 
C. Southard, etc. Although he made no conspicuous mark he gained the 
reputation of a hard-working, honest, sensible member. He practiced law 
until 1836 when he was elected to the United States senate over Governor 
Noble and Governor Hendricks, his predecessors, and served in that august 
body with distinguished ability for the full term of six years. 

In 1838 he moved from Connersville to Indianapolis, where, after the 
close of his senatorial term, he practiced law until his death, which occurred 
March 9, 1859. He died as he lived, a sincere Christian. He was the 
author of a book entitled Early Indiana Trials, and Sketches, published in 
1858. He was a man of untarnished reputation, of marked abilit}', public- 
spirited and favored all internal improvements. As a lawyer he was remark- 
abh' successful and wielded a great influence over his juniors; and withal he 
was a good speaker on political and other questions, taking an influential 
part in the campaigns. 

JOHN K. JEMISON. 

The gentleman whose name initiates this sketch, John K. Jemison, of 
Connersville township, Fayette county, Indiana, is a representative of one 
of the pioneer families of this county. John Jemison, the father of John K., 
was born in Kentucky, in 1793. When quite young he was orphaned by the 
death of his father, and at an early age was " bound out" to learn the trade 
of tanner. When his time as an apprentice had expired he went to Cum- 
minsville, Ohio, and there he worked at his trade for one year. From Cum- 
minsville he came to Fayette county, Indiana, and located in Jackson town- 
ship, where he erected a tannery, which was one of the first in the county. 
His death occurred in 1851. He was married in Cincinnati, Ohio, before 
coijiing to Fayette county, to Miss Cynthia Coe, a native of Virginia, who, 
like himself, was left an orphan in early life. She survived her husband 
many years. It might be said with regard to that most estimable woman, 
that previously to her marriage,' and while a resident of Cincinnati, she was 
employed as a tailoress, a common occupation for women at that time. She 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 247 

also at the same time cared for a younger sister, the two living together, and 
while the elder worked at her trade the younger did the housework. Several 
quite remarkable coincidences were connected with the lives of these two 
women. Both were married on the same day and each became the mother 
of seven children, the older having six sons and one daughter; the younger, 
six daughters and one son. Both of the husbands were named John, and 
both were natives of the state of Kentucky. They were tanners by trade 
and the two had been associated in business for about a year at Cummins- 
villa. The younger returned to' Kentucky, but later came to Indiana and 
settled on a farm, which was his home till death. 

John Jemison was an industrious, upright citizen, and his descendants 
are numbered among the best people of Fayette county. Of his seven chil- 
dren, the daughter and one son have passed away. The surviving members 
are as follows: Jefferson H. and William, of Jackson township, Fayette 
county; John K., of this sketch; Oliver, of Nebraska; and Samuel, also a 
resident of Jackson township, Fayette county. The daughter, Jane, was the 
eldest of the family. She became the wife of Abram Myers, and was the 
mother of ten children, several of whom have passed away. Her death 
occurred in February, 1899. The deceased brother, Elijah Jemison, left a 
daughter, who is now the wife of C. Blacklidge. 

John K. Jemison was born at the old homestead in Jackson township, 
Fayette county, Indiana, June 29, 1823, and he, like his brothers, was reared 
to the occupation of farming. In October, 1850, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Sarah Ward, daughter of James and Osee (Bell) Ward. Mrs. Jemi- 
son was born on the Wabash, in Parke county, Indiana, August 7, 1834. 
Her parents were natives of Kentucky, came to Connersville in their youth 
and were married here. After their marriage they settled in Parke county, 
later returned to Connersville township, Fayette county, and still later 
removed to Illinois. The mother's death occurred some years previously to 
the father's. He afterward married again, and at the time of his death was 
eighty-seven years of age. Mrs. Jemison is one of a family of eight mem- 
bers, six of whom are living, viz. : Boswell and Marion, wholesale druggists, 
of Indianapolis; Mrs. Jemison; Mrs. Emily Jemison, of Connersville; Mrs. 
Ada Guffin, widow of Dr. John Guffin; and Osee, wife of Greenbury Hansan, 
of Jennings township, Fayette county, Indiana. Those deceased were Belle, 
who died at the age of twelve years; and Thompson, at the age of seventeen. 

Mr. and Mrs. John K. Jemison lived in Jackson township for fifteen 
years after their marriage, and then purchased the old homestead of his par- 
ents, in the same township, where they lived for fifteen years longer, and 
since then they have occupied their present home near the city of Conners- 
ville. They have two sons: Marion K., at home; and Ward, a druggist of 



248 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Connersville. For nearly half a century Mr. and Mrs. Jemison have jour- 
neyed through life together. Their influence has ever been directed toward 
advancing the interests of the moral and religious conditions of the com- 
munity, and such have been their lives that they have won the confidence 
and esteem of all with whom they have been associated. They have long 
been worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal church, to which their 
younger son also belongs. The elder son and his wife are members of the 
Presbyterian church. 

LEWIS P. SMITH. 

In all ages the desire to be remembered after one's brief span of life is 
finished has been one of the most important factors of human existence, and 
with many individuals has been the motive of all endeavor and enterprise. 
To the majority, however, this ambition, laudable in itself, is not the main- 
spring of conduct, but is more often found in the heart of a devoted friend, 
who wishes to perpetuate the memory of the one who has departed into the 
silent land. Monuments and shrines of various kinds are erected and serve 
their place, but time crumbles even the hardest granite and marble, and the 
printed page, on which is recounted the life and deeds of loved ones, is 
the most enduring tribute, especially as this is so easily copied from age to 
age. We are glad to be able to place before the readers of this work, which 
records the histories of many of the representative citizens and families of 
Union county, a few facts which have been gleaned m regard to the life 
of the subject of this memoir. 

Lewis P. Smith was a well known resident of Center township. Union 
county, and was excelled by only a few in this section of the state as a 
scientist. The chief delight and aim of his life was to explore yet deeper 
into the mysteries and secrets of nature, and for years he gave thought to 
little else. Born April 15, 1858, in Smithfield, Wayne county, Indiana, he 
attended the common schools until he was seventeen years of age, when, on 
account of his delicate health, he was forced to abandon his studies for some 
time. He was, alas! the victim of that dread disease, consumption, but it 
was. many a year ere his iron will succumbed to its power, and few ever 
made a braver or more determined fight against the foe. In his youth he 
went to Tennessee and for three years spent each winter in sawmills, in 
order to escape the hard northern season of ice and snow. A great part of 
his future life he passed in this n)anner, — that is, in the south, employed at 
one thing or another. 

October 15, 18S5, Mr. Smith married Miss Mary Olive Haworth, daugh- 
ter of Willis C. and Mary (Rose) Haworth, a lady of fine attainments. 
Having graduated at the high school in Liberty, she spent the next two years 
in Oxford College, at Oxford, Ohio, and in Glendale College, at Glendale, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 249 

Ohio. Subsequently she taught in the public schools for some time, and, 
also being accomplished as a musician, she had pupils in the musical art as 
well. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Smith was blessed with four children, 
two of whom, Willis Stanton and Ethel, died at the ages of three and a half 
years and fourteen months respectively. Harold Haworth is a fine lad of 
ten years and Lloyd Esteb Haworth is four years old. 

For about five years after their marriage the young couple lived on the 
old homestead belonging to Mr. Smith's father, after which they came to the 
old Haworth farm near Roseburg, the property now the home of Mrs. Smith. 
On account of his poor health, which became worse year by year, Mr. Smith 
was obliged to depend upon others to do the work of the farm, though he 
tried to exercise judicious supervision over all affairs connected therewith. 
During the winter seasons he continued to travel in the south, passing most 
of his time in Tennessee or Florida. His ever active mind required food, 
and he early took up the study of geology, natural history and the allied 
sciences, becoming thoroughly informed on these subjects. He took great 
interest in the collection of Indian and war relics, fossils, shells, etc., and 
his large, fine cabinets are filled with valuable specimens, carefully labeled 
and classified. Hundreds of relics of the civil war were picked up on the 
battlefields by himself, and in his geological cabinet he placed thousands of 
specimens. Besides, he secured a good collection of old family relics and 
heirlooms, spinning wheels, spinning jennies, etc. In his political views he 
was in accord with the Republican platform. His final illness was of short 
duration and death came to him October 25, 1896. His study of geology 
and science confirmed his belief in God, the Creator, and he acknowledged 
His wisdom and omnipotence in all things, but he could not conform to the 
established church creeds. He was tall and slender in physique, and his 
face would light up with animation and earnestness when he conversed upon 
things in which he was deeply interested. Of a social nature, he loved to 
have his friends with him, and contributed much to their enjoyment by his 
thoroughly entertaining conversation upon books he had read, places he had 
visited and affairs of general interest. He had no enemies, for his honest, 
kindly nature drew everj' one to him and made them his friends. 

Mrs. Mary Olive Smith is still managing the old Haworth farm in Liberty 
and Center townships, two and one-half miles south of the county-seat, for- 
merly owned by her grandparents, Thomas and Olive (Kelly) Haworth, and 
later by her father, Willis Capron Haworth. The grandfather succeeded his 
father in the possession of the family estate. He died there at the age of 
fify-six years, and his wife, Olive, died a few years previously. Their chil- 
dren were: Willis C. ; James Addison, formerly a teacher and the author of an 
arithmetic, and now a resident of Liberty; Marietta, who married T. J. 



250 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

McAvoy, and died when about forty years of age: she was a teacher and a 
fine writer, and was the author of a copy-book which was once used in the 
schools; and Angehne, who died at twenty-three, unmarried. Thomas 
Haworth lived and died on the old homestead mentioned above, and his next- 
door neighbor was his brother, Richard G. , who owned the adjoining tract of 
land. About 1855 Thomas Haworth erected the substantially constructed 
frame house, with its heavy timbers and beams, which still stands, in almost 
perfect preservation as a monument to his handiwork. He was a member of 
the Friends' church at Salem, and was a strong Abolitionist and one of the 
conductors of the "underground railway." After his first wife's death he 
married Eunice Johnson, a widow, who survived him, and later became the 
wife of William Shanklin. Willis C. Haworth was born at Roseburg, July 
30, 1835, and departed this life January 25, 1877. In 1856 he married Mary 
Teresa, daughter of Dr. Erasmus Rose, and in 1868 they removed to the farm 
which had belonged to Thomas Haworth, his father. Dr. Erasmus Rose was 
born in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, in 1793, in 1S24 came to Liberty, 
Indiana, and up to 1845 practiced medicine. His death took place at Van 
Wert, Ohio. Mrs. Mary T. Haworth, born October 6, 1838, died July 8, 
1 88 1. To herself and husband five children were born, namely: Kit Carson, 
now of Liberty; Alpheus, who died in infancy; Mary Olive (Mrs. Lewis P. 
Smith); Angeline, who died at twenty-one years; and Thomas Erasmus, who 
died in childhood. 

CHARLES W. STIVERS. 

Charles W. Stivers, editor of the Liberty Herald, Liberty, Indiana, was 
born in the village of Decatur, Adams county, Ohio, August 21, 1848, sec- 
ond son in the family of five children of James M. and Louisa J. (Higgins) 
Stivers. Through his veins flows a mixture of German and Scotch-Irish 
^blood. His father was of German descent and his mother of Scotch-Irish, 
both being natives of Clermont county, Ohio, whence they removed in early 
life to Brown county, that state, where for the most part their lives were 
passed. James M. was a teacher for a period of twenty-five years, teaching 
in Adams, Brown and Clermont counties. Also he was a civil engineer and 
was elected surveyor of Brown county, a position he filled eight years. From 
his ninth year he was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He died September 20, 1882, having survived his first wife some 
twenty years, leaving two sons by his second wife. 

Charles W. Stivers spent the first fourteen years of his life on a farm. 
Then he entered the office of the Southern Ohio Argus at Georgetown, Ohio, 
where he learned the printer's trade. This paper afterward became the 
Brown County News. After leaving the Argus he was for a time on the 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 251 

Courier force at Batavia, Ohio, and from there he came to Indiana, stopping 
first at Connersviile, where he secured employment on the Times, under W. 
H. Green. Later he received further education in job printing in Cincinnati. 
He was yet a boy in his 'teens and his only opportunity for obtaining an edu- 
cation had been in the district school and the printing office. In July, iS66, 
he came to Liberty, Indiana, and entered the employ of J. H. McClung, 
then proprietor of the Liberty Herald. Something over a year later, when 
but nineteen years of age, he purchased the paper, and with the exception 
of a little more than one year he has been its editor ever since, at times hav- 
ing associated with him his brothers, Scott and Jackson Stivers. F'rom 1873 
to 1877 he owned and published the Brookville American, and during the 
campaign of •1876 he owned and edited the Rushville Republican. 

In connection with this sketch of Mr. Stivers and mention of the Liberty 
Herald it may be well to refer to William Appleton, who established the first 
printing office in Union county. That was at Liberty, in 1850, his office 
being on the corner now occupied by Mr. Howe's grocery. He was a highly 
educated man, a graduate of Princeton College, as also was his wife, whose 
maiden name was Mary Anna Croft; both were natives of Burlington, New 
Jersey. Mr. Appleton resided here five years, three years of that time being 
spent on the Joseph La Fuze farm. 

The Herald has maintained throughout the years of Mr. Stivers' identity 
with it the reputation of being a well edited, spicy newspaper; has a large 
circulation, and is widely read throughout the state. He wields a facile, 
able and at times a vigorous pen. He is an ardent Republican, and during, 
the heat of campaigns he, figuratively speaking, cuts close to the line regard- 
less of the falling chips. Always a student, both of books and human nature, 
and ever wide awake to what is going on around him, he has gained a wide 
range of information. His increasing years have tended to broaden his 
views and his political articles are now less tinged with partisan point, but 
possess the true ring of enlightened citizenship. Personally, he is affable at 
all times and has the bearing of a gentleman. In 1882 he was made post- 
master of Liberty, being recommended by Senator — later President — Harri- 
son, his appointment being made by President Arthur, and he served in that 
position four years. 

Mr. Stivers was married October 3, 1867, to Laura E., daughter of 
Israel Freeman, one of the early settlers of Union county. She died in 
March, 1897, leaving a family of three children, namely: Frank A., a gradu- 
ate of the law and literary departments of the State University of Michigan, 
and an attorney of Ann Arbor; Orion L. , a graduate of Miami University 
and associated with his father in the publication of the Herald; and Florence 
E., now a student in the State University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY, 



JOHN F. ROBBINS. 

For almost a quarter of a century John F. Robbins has practiced at the 
bar of Wayne county and during that time his rise has been gradual, but he 
to-day occupies a leading position among the representatives of the legal 
profession in Richmond. His reputation has been won through earnest, 
honest labor, and his high standing is a merited tribute to his ability. 

Born in Economy, on the nth of June, 1853, he is a son of Dr. Rob- 
bins, a well-known citizen of Richmond. Liberal educational privileges were 
afforded him and fitted him well for the practical and responsible duties of 
life. He attended Earlham College, the Ohio Wesleyan University and the 
University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, his aptitude gaining him a broad 
classical and literary knowledge. Prior to reading law he engaged in teach- 
ing schools for a few years in Economy, and then entered upon preparation 
for his chosen profession as a student in the office of Charles H. Burchenal, 
an able attorney of Richmond. Close application characterized this period 
of his career, and having acquired a broad general knowledge of jurisprudence 
he was admitted to the bar of Wayne county, in June, 1876. He has always 
been a student, and prepares his cases with the greatest care, as though a 
similar question had never before come within his notice. 

The first years of his practice were such as fall to the lot of most young 
lawyers, — a novitiate in which he struggled to build up a business, having to 
compete against old and experienced law\'ers, whose tested powers enabled 
them to secure the major share of the public patronage. Gradually, how- 
ever, his practice increased, as he demonstrated his ability to successfully 
handle the intricate problems of jurisprudence, and to-day he has a large 
clientage which connects him with the leading litigated interests of the cir- 
cuit. For a few years he struggled on alone and gradually worked his way 
upward; in 1881 he formed a partnership with Judge Peelle, with whom he 
was associated for three years, when he was elected prosecuting attorney, in 
1884. For two years he filled that position and then declined a re-election. 
During that time he prosecuted and convicted the second man that was ever 
convicted of murder in Wayne county. The other trial had occurred seventy 
years before, at Salisbur}', the county-seat. On his retirement from office 
Mr. Robbins formed a partnership with Judge H. C. Fo.\, which was con- 
tinued until the latter's elevation to the appellate bench. Since that time he 
has been alone in practice. He served as city attorney from 1889 until 1891, 
but his attention has been given mostly to the private practice of law, which 
has now assumed e.xtensive proportions. He is well informed on the subject 
of jurisprudence in its various departments, and can handle both civil and 
criminal cases with equal power and success. His arguments are forcible, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 253 

his reasoning sound, his deductions logical and the aim of his eloquence is to 
convince. He never fails to make a strong impression upon judge and jury, 
and has won many notable forensic triumphs. 

Within a few weeks after his admission to the bar Mr. Robbins was married, 
Miss Rena Gunther becoming his wife on the 2d of July, 1876. Their union 
has been blessed with three sons, Byram, Philip and Malcolm, aged respect- 
ively seventeen, twelve and eight years. In his political connection Mr. 
Robbins is a Republican and takes a deep interest in the political questions 
which affect the welfare of state and nation and mold the public policy. He 
is a broad-minded, progressive man and public-spirited citizen, and in all 
life's relations is found true to all the duties of professional and social life 
which the day may bring forth. 

MILO CRANOR. 

One of the pioneers and founders of Wayne county was the father of 
the subject of this sketch. Joshua Cranor, for such was the name he bore, 
was a native of North Carolina, his birth having occurred September 10, 
1794. He was but two years of age when his father, Thomas Cranor, died, 
and, though it is not certainly known, it is believed that the Cranor family 
lived in North Carolina for several generations. The three brothers of Joshua 
— Thomas, Joseph and Moses — have all passed to their reward. 

In his early manhood Joshua Cranor came to Wayne county, and in 181 1 
made a settlement in what is now known as Green township. He improved 
a farm situated about a mile southeast of Williamsburg, and continued to 
live there until his death, June 3, 1S66. His reputation as a business man, 
citizen and neighbor was irreproachable, and every one held him in high 
regard. When about twenty-one years of age he married Susannah, daugh- 
ter of William Johnson, a pioneer of Wayne county. She was born January 
27, 1797, and died at the home of her son Milo, in Williamsburg, in Decem- 
ber, 1887. 

Five sons and six daughters blessed the union of Joshua and Susannah 
Cranor, and at this time six of the number survive. Martha, the eldest 
born, married Ephraim Gates, and died May 20, 1842, when in her twenty- 
seventh year ; Sarah, born March 8, 1S17, is the widow of Daniel Gates, and 
is now a resident of Iowa ; Thomas, born January 31, 18 19, died many years 
ago ; Stephen, born in March, 1821, is living in Missouri ; Ann, born August 
29, 1823, married David Pitts, and died many years ago; William, born 
March 29, 1826, resides in Randolph county, Indiana ; Hannah became the 
wife of Edward Neal and lives in Richmond, this state ; Moses, born January 
13, 1832, is a citizen of Howard county, Indiana ; Jane, born April 23, 1834, 
died September 7, 1839; Amanda, born ^fay 31, 1837, became the wife of 



254 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

William Coggshall, and died September 23, 1886; and Milo, born September 
I5> i839> completes the family. 

Milo Cranor, the youngest child of his parents, was born and reared on 
the old homestead. He remained with them, tenderly caring for them in 
their declining years, and justly received the old home as his inheritance. 
He has never parted with the farm, to which he is attached by a thousand 
associations and the traditions of his forefathers, but for the past fourteen 
years he has made his home in Williamsburg, where he has owned and oper- 
ated what has long been known as the Williamsburg Mill. In his business 
methods he is systematic, upright and just, winning the approval of those 
with whom he has dealings. 

On the 9th of October, 1862, Mr. Cranor married Miss Frances J. Irvin, 
a daughter of George Irvin, of Randolph county, Indiana. Mrs. Cranor was 
born in Ohio August 16, 1842, and died September 19, 1896. The only 
child of this worthy couple is Leonidas I., whose birth occurred March 5, 
1866. On March 5, 1892, he married Lizzie Meredith, daughter of John 
and Melissa Meredith, residents of Williamsburg. 

JOHN W. TURNER. 

On the roster of Wayne county's officers appears the name of John W. 
Turner in connection with the position of treasurer. This is an indication of 
his popularity and prominence, and all who know him willingly accord him 
a leading place among the esteemed citizens of the community. His entire 
life has been passed in the county, and has been one of uniform honor in 
business and fidelity in places of public trust. He is therefore deserving of 
mention among the representative men of this section of the state, and it is 
with pleasure that we present his history to our readers. 

A son of Robert and Maria (Thompson) Turner, he was born in New 
Garden township, Wayne county, on the i6th of March, 1855. His father 
was born in the same township in the year 181 5, and spent his entire life 
there, his death occurring in 1870. He was a successful farmer, owning two 
hundred and twenty acres of highly improved and richly cultivated land. He 
also engaged in raising, buying and selling stock, which he found to be a 
profitable source of income. His political support was given the Democracy, 
but he took no active part in the work of the party. He married Miss Maria 
Thompson and to them have been born two daughters and a son, but the 
daughters are now deceased. 

John W. Turner was only six weeks old when his mother died, at which 
time he was taken to the home of his uncle, Benjamin Moorman, and by 
him was reared to manhood. He resided in Franklin township, near Bethel, 
and acquired his preliminary education in the district schools. Later he 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 255 

attended Amboy College, and on leaving school, when about twenty years of 
age, entered upon his business career as a farmer and stock dealer of Frank- 
lin township, Wayne county, to which industry he devoted his energies until 
called to public office. He owned and operated one hundred and twenty 
acres of arable land, and his well tilled fields yielded to him abundant 
harvests for the care and labor he bestowed upon them. He was also very 
successful in his stock dealing, shipping extensively to Buffalo, East Liberty, 
Cincinnati and Indianapolis, but mostly to the first named city. His system- 
atic business methods, his soufid judgment, his enterprise and his laudable 
ambition all contributed to make his business career a prosperous one. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Turner has always been a zealous Repub- 
lican, active in campaign work and laboring earnestly for the adoption of the 
principles which he believed would best advance good government. He was 
elected to the office of county treasurer in the autumn of 1896 and entered 
upon his duties on the i6th of November of that year, so that he is the pres- 
ent incumbent. He has been very efficient and faithful, making a most 
competent officer. He was also treasurer of the Wayne Count}' Fair 
Association in 1898, and has ever been interested in this enterprise and in 
all movements or measures for the welfare of the agriculturists and stock 
dealers of the county. 

On the 23d of September, 1876, Mr. Turner was united in marriage to 
Miss Josephine, daughter of Nathan Harlan, of Bethel. Socially he is con- 
nected with Bethlehem Lodge, No. 250, F. & A. M., Hollandsburg Lodge, 
No. 476, K. P., and Hokendauqua, No. 94, Improved Order of Red Men. 
He is a member of the Christian church, and while his life has not been 
characterized by thrilling incidents, his record is that of a man who has ever 
been true to himself, his neighbors and his country. He enjoys the regard 
of his fellow men, and is very widely and favorably known in Richmond and 
Wayne county. 

CHARLES G. SWAIN. 

Charles G. Swain, clerk of the circuit court of Wayne county and an 
esteemed resident of Richmond, is numbered among the native sons of the 
Buckeye state, his birth having occurred in the city of Dayton, September 
29, 1849. The family is of English descent, and was founded at an early 
day, on Nantucket island, off the coast of Massachusetts, representatives of 
the name being among the original purchasers of land there in colonial days. 
The grandfather of our subject, Charles G. Swain, Sr., was a native of Nan- 
tucket island, whence he removed to Hamilton county, Ohio, and thence to 
Dayton, where he settled in the early '20s. There he made his home until 
his death, which occurred in 1867, when he had attained the age of seventy- 
five years. For a number of years he served as judge of the probate court of 



256 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Montgomery county, Ohio, and was a prominent and influential citizen, 
taking an active part in molding the public policy. He served for two 
terms as a member of the state legislature, from Montgomery county, and in 
his political associations was first a Whig and afterward a Republican. 
While in the east he had served as captain of a whaling vessel. Very active 
in church work, he served as a local Methodist minister in Dayton, Ohio, and 
at Wesley chapel, and built the Davison chapel in Miami City. His wife bore 
the maiden name of Alice Paddock, and of their marriage were born seven 
children, four sons and three daughters. 

One of the number, Thomas H. Swain, was the father of our subject. 
He was born in Dayton, and there spent his entire life. In his youth he 
learned the cabinetmaker's trade, and afterward carried on business along 
that line in Dayton and in Chicago and Cincinnati. He married Miss Lydia 
B. Broderick, of Dayton, and to them were born two daughters and a son. 
The father died in 1892, at the age of sixty-five years. 

Charles G. Swain spent the first nineteen years of his life in Dayton, 
Ohio, and during that period acquired a good education in the public schools 
of the city. He then came to Richmond, in 1869, and has since made his 
home in Wayne county, with the exception of about three years. In the 
city of his nativity he devoted two j'ears to mastering the molder's trade, 
with the firm of Brownell & Company, and completed his apprenticeship with 
Robinson & Company, of Richmond. He obtained employment with the 
Hoosier Drill Company in 1880 and continued with that company until 1887, 
being one of their most trusted and efficient employes. In the year men- 
tioned he was chosen for public service, being elected to the office of city 
clerk, on the Republican ticket. He filled that position for three terms, or 
seven years, and in 1894 was elected clerk of the circuit court, assuming the 
duties of the office October 30, 1896, his term to cover a period of four years. 
He is very prompt and faithful in the discharge of his duties, and his service 
has received high commendation from the bench and bar of the. Wayne 
circuit. 

Mr. Swain is quite an active factor in political circles and was secretary 
of the Republican county central committee, which position he filled for a 
number of years. In January, 1898, he was elected chairman of the com- 
mittee for a two-years term, and his able management and sound judgment 
have already proven important factors in the political interests of the count}'. 
He studies closelj' the questions of the day and gives to Republican princi- 
ples an intelligent support. He belongs to the United Presbyterian church, 
and is a very prominent Mason, having attained the thirty-second degree of 
the Scottish rite in Indianapolis Consistory, S. P. R. S. He also belongs to 
lola Lodge, No. 53, Knights of Pythias; to Whitewater Lodge, No. 41, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 2ol 

Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of which he was secretary for eight 
years; and Osceola Tribe, No. 15, Improved Order of Red Men. 

Mr. Swain has been twice married. On the 14th of September, 1871, 
he wedded Miss Clara E. Samuels, of Richmond, and they had four children, 
of whom three are living: William G. , Louie E. and George C. The 
mother died February 17, 1891, and on the nth of April, 1S92, Mr. Swain 
married Mrs. Mary E. Prescott, of Richmond. Both are widely and favor- 
ably known in this city, and enjoy the friendship of many of Richmond's- 
best people. Mr. Swain is an intelligent and popular official, systematic andi 
careful in the discharge of his duties, courteous to all, and no man connected! 
with the courts of Wayne county has a greater number of warm friends than 
has he. 

DANIEL T. HARVEY. 

The Harvey family is one of the oldest in Union county and has been 
noted from the beginning of this century for the sterling traits that are so 
characteristic of the subject of this sketch, constituting him a fitting repre- 
sentative of the name. He was born on a farm adjoining the one which he 
owns and cultivates to-day, the date of the event being June 19, 1846. His 
whole life has been spent in Brownsville township, and everything tending to 
advance the best interests of this region has received his earnest support and 
attention. In all his views he is liberal and broad-minded, striving to settle 
all difficult questions in an unbiased, logical manner, and weighing in an 
impartial way for himself all evidence presented. Both he and his estimable 
wife are members of the Universalist church at Pleasant Hill, and are gener- 
ous in their contributions to the poor and needy. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was Francis Harvey, who came 
in early days to dwell in this township, thus being one of the first to perma- 
nently locate in this vicinity. His wife bore the maiden name of Elizabeth 
Snyder, and their son Michael, father of Daniel T. Harvey, was born in this 
township in 18 19, and died in 1881. He chose for his wife Mary Miller, 
daughter of Henry Miller, one of the earl}' pioneers of this township, and 
formerly a Pennsylvanian. Mary Miller had but one sister, Rosanna, and she 
became the wife of Moses, a brother of Michael Harvey. This couple had 
no children and both are deceased, but for many years Michael and Moses 
Harvey lived on adjoining farms, portions of the original Harvey estate. 
Henry Miller lived to be over eighty years old, and was survived several years 
by his wife, whose maiden name was Anna Spitzn'agle. The first home of 
Michael Harvey and wife after their marriage was situated west of Browns- 
ville, and later they purchased a tract of two hundred acres near Liberty. 
Their last homestead was a beautiful farm of three hundred acres, finely 
improved, and about one and a half miles west of Liberty on the Brownsville 



258 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

road. Mr. Harve)" did a large business for ^ears in cattle and live stock, and 
was a very successful financier. His widow sun'ived his death about a dozen 
^ears. He was a Democrat and was not desirous of obtaining public office, 
preferring to attend strictly to his own affairs. All of his children attaining 
majority are living (1899) and are named respectively' James Monroe, Daniel 
T.. George H., Lavina A. and Ida May. 

Daniel T. Hai^e\- has always been an agriculturist from his youth up 
and has made a success of his enterprises in this line. He remained on the 
old homestead until he arrived at his majorit}% %vhen he concluded that he 
would start in independent life. In time he was enabled to purchase his 
grandfathers farm of one hundred and twenty-eight acres, and later he also 
bought the eightj'-acre place where he now makes his home. About seven 
years ago he built his present commodious, modern house, near the Chfton 
pike, and has otherwise greatl\- improved his place. A few years ago he sold 
the old farm which his grandfather had owned and invested the proceeds in 
various enterprises, chiefl}', however, in making changes upon his home place. 
In his political creed he adheres to the tenets of his father, voting for Demo- 
cratic nominees. 

November 4, 1869, Mr. Harvey married Miss Lovis Adney, daughter of 
Daniel and Susan Adne5% of English origin. Her father has passed to his 
reward, but her mother is still living, now in her eighty-seventh year, her 
home being with her daughter, Mrs. Harvey. The Adney family was one of 
the first to make a permanent settlement near the town of Liberty. Though 
Mr. and Mrs. Har\"e}" have not been blessed with children of their own, the}' 
have reared a boy from his early childhood and now have living with them a 
niece, Emma Simms, fifteen years old. she having been a member of the 
famil}- for the past three years. Both he and his wife have hosts of sincere 
friends and well-wishere in this neighborhood, and with one accord they speak 
in the highest terms of the Harvey household. 

JOSEPH FINNEY. 
Joseph Finne\% who was one of the extensive and wealthy agriculturists 
ol Wayne county, was born in West Milton, Miami county, Ohio, December 
ji, 1815. and died in Fountain City, Jul}' 16, 1898. His parents, Robert and 
Hannah (Hickman) Finney, were natives of Grayson county, North Carolina, 
the former of English, and the latter of English and Irish descent. The father 
served in the war of 18 12, on the frontier of Indiana territory, being then a 
resident of Kentucky. In 18 14 he took up his residence in Miami county, 
Ohio, and there reared a family of four daughters and two sons, Joseph being 
the fifth in order of birth. The parents spent their remaining days in Miami 
countv. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 259 

Joseph Finney was reared in his native town, and at an early day entered 
upon his business career, his wages going for the support of the family. 
His school privileges were quite limited, but he was ambitious to learn, 
and made the most of his opportunities in leisure hours. Thus he qualified 
himself for teaching, which profession he followed for fifteen years, meeting 
with good success in the undertaking. He also engaged in keeping books 
and making collections for the merchants of Milton, and later followed mer- 
chandising in Gettysburg, Ohio, for a time. Subsequently, however, he 
engaged in farming in Miami county, about four miles south of Peru, and 
engaged in its cultivation for twelve years, when he came to Wayne county, 
making his home in Wayne township for eight years, when he removed to 
New Garden township. In 1884 he retired from agricultural pursuits and 
took up his residence in Fountain City, but still continued to manage his 
farming property, which had become quite extensive. From time to time, 
as his financial resources had increased, he had added to his land. His 
home farm was located south of Fountain City, and he owned what is known 
as the Tommy Brown farm a mile and a quarter northeast of town. These 
ho rented, deriving therefrom a good income. He also had a farm of 
two hundred and forty acres in Jay county, Indiana, and in 1893 
he purchased his father's old farm in Miami county, Ohio, of which 
he had inherited eighty acres, — the old homestead on which his boyhood 
days had been spent and which is now in possession of his family. He also 
had considerable money out at interest, and in all his business transactions 
manifested keen discrimination, great energy and strict integrity. These 
qualities insured him prosperity, and although he started out in life for him- 
self empty-handed when a youth, at the time of his death he was accounted 
of the wealthy men of Wayne county. 

Mr. Finney was twice married. On the ist of November, 1855, he wed- 
ded Margaret Ann, daughter of James and Margaret Reed, of Miami county, 
Indiana. She died April 18, 1863, after which Mr. Finney came to Wayne 
county, his sister acting as his housekeeper until his second marriage. It 
was on the 26th of August, 1869, that he married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Isaiah and Elizabeth (EUeman) Pemberton, of Miami county, Ohio, by whom 
he had one child, Margaret. The children of the first marriage are Ginevra, 
who became the wife of Charles Clark, and died in her twenty-third year, 
leaving a son, George R. ; Eldridge, who is now an inmate of an insane asy- 
lum; Mrs. Almeda Trueblood, of Richmond, who has three children, — Virgil, 
Laura B. and Herschel J. Trueblood. Margaret, the daughter of the second 
marriage, is with her mother. 

Mr. Finney was in poor health during the last five years of his life, but 
•continued in the active management of his property and business interests until 



260 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

two years prior to his death, when Benjamin B. Myrick was appointed guardian. 
His daughter Margaret had been his able assistant in business during the five years 
prior to his death, having attended to the farms and detail of business. She 
familiarized herself with everything in this connection and was in close touch 
with her father's financial affairs, he placing the utmost confidence in her 
ability and judgment. 

Mr. Finney cast his first presidential vote for William Henry Harrison, 
and when the Republican party was formed he joined its ranks and cast his 
last ballot for William Mcl\inley. He had been a stanch opponent of slavery 
in ante-bclhi})i days, and when many abolitionists were threatened with 
death by the Knights of the Golden Circle he challenged them to come on, 
asserting that he was prepared for them. At all times he stood fearlessly in 
defence of what he believed to be right, and neither fear nor favor could 
swerve him from such a course. He was thoroughly versed in the Bible, and 
attended the services of the Methodist Episcopal church, but was not a mem- 
ber. He also kept well informed on the issues of the day and did not regard 
lightly his duties of citizenship and his obligations to his fellow men. He 
was honorable in his dealings, straightforward in all life's relations, and com- 
manded uniform respect throughout his adopted county. 

DANIEL EIKENBERRY. 
This successful farmer and respected citizen, Daniel Eikenberry, of 
Center township, Union county, Indiana, Cottage Grove his postoffice 
address, was born on a farm adjoining the one on which he now lives, April 8, 
1840, and is a son of Henry and Elizabeth (Kingery) Eikenberry. His par- 
ents were both natives of the Old Dominion, who came west in early life, 
settling with their parents in Preble county, Ohio. The paternal grand- 
father of our subject was Peter Eikenberry. Mrs. Eikenberry was a girl of 
eight years when her family, the Kingerys, moved to Ohio. In Preble county 
the parents of Daniel passed from childhood to manhood and womanhood, 
respectively, and there they were married. Later they came over to Indiana 
and settled on a farm of one hundred and seventy acres in Union county. 
The father was born August i, 1792, and died December 27, 1870. The 
mother, born May 12, 1795, died January 6, 1885, and the date of their 
marriage was September 30, 1814. In their family were thirteen children, 
of whom four died when young, and of the others all except one reared 
families. Abraham was killed in the battle of Chickamauga while serving 
as a private m an Iowa regiment. John and Daniel are the only ones now 
living. The former is a stock dealer residing at Russiaville, Howard county, 
Indiana. Martin and Peter spent their lives and died near the old home. 
Henry owned and occupied what is now known as the Henry Witter farm. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 261 

Of the daughters, Lydia married Martin Witter and was the mother of 
Joseph Witter. Mary married George Keeler, of Cottage Grove. 

Daniel Eikenberry remained at the parental home until he was twenty- 
three years of age, when he married and settled on a rented farm. Some 
time later he moved to the farm he has since owned and occupied, eighty 
acres of fine land, which by his industry and good management has been 
brought under a high state of-cultivation. The buildings, all substantial and 
convenient, have been erected by him. He has devoted his energies to gen- 
eral farming and stock-raising and makes a practice of feeding his own grain. 

Mr. Eikenberry was married February 25, 1864, to Miss Isabel Toler, 
daughter of Bird and Elizabeth Toler, who was born on the farm where her 
brother, Elijah Toler, now lives, in Union county. After almost thirty years of 
married life their happy union was severed by her death, which occurred Jan- 
uary 15, 1894. To them were born eleven children, namely: William, who 
died at the age of five years; Henry, residing on the home farm; Lizzie, who 
died at the age of two years; Mary, who died in infancy; Emma, wife of 
George Ball; May, wife of Robert Hass; Riley, on the home farm; Addie, 
at home; and Anna, Laura and Orie, also at hoflne. 

Mr. Eikenberry and his family are identified with the German Baptist 
church, being a member of the Four-Mile congregation. 

TLMOTHY THISTLETHWAITE. 

Since he came to Richmond about seventy years ago, the gentleman of 
whom this sketch is penned has been a witness of very important changes in 
this vicinity, and his reminiscences of the early days here are most interest- 
ing and entertaining to a listener. Generous and big-hearted, jovial and 
kindly in disposition, he has never lacked for friends, and many of them will 
peruse his life record, as written here, with deep interest. 

He is of I£nglish descent, his father, William Thistlethwaite, having been 
born near the city of Leeds, April 3, 1792, and until 1819 he worked at 
whatever he could find to do, whereby he might earn an honest livelihood. 
In the year mentioned, he determined to come to America, where he 
believed he might succeed. Landing in Philadelphia, he proceeded to 
Wilmington, Delaware, and, as he had but twenty-five cents left, he was 
glad to take a position in the Brandywine flouring-mills, where, however, he 
remained but a short time. His next step was to rent a farm, near Wilming- 
ton, where he lived for eight years, then removing to a farm in Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, on which place the battle of Chadd's Ford had been 
fought. In 1828 he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was engaged in the 
butcher's business for a few months, and the following year he came to Rich- 
mond. Here he purchased the Baxter farm (at one time owned by Senator 



262 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

William Baxter), now partly included within the western portion of Rich- 
mond, but at the end of five years he sold that place, and bought the one 
now owned by the state of Indiana, and occupied by the East Haven Insane 
Asylum. This place, comprising two hundred and forty acres, is one of the most 
fertile and beautiful farms in the county. In 1855 Mr. Thistlethwaite retired, 
having amassed a goodly fortune by his energy, perseverance and industry. 
Considering the many disadvantages under which he had commenced life in 
a strange country, without a dollar, and with little education to aid him, the 
success which he wrought for himself was remarkable. He was a faithful 
member of the Society of Friends, belonging to the North A street meeting. 
The active principles of the Friends — harmony and loving helpfulness toward 
mankind — were daily exemplified in his life, and all who knew him loved 
and revered him. He married Elizabeth Wetherald, and of their eight chil- 
dren, Eleanor, of Richmond, never married; John, deceased, was a success- 
ful farmer of Hamilton county, Indiana; George is a retired farmer of Boone 
county, Indiana; Mary (deceased) became the wife of Thomas Birdsall, and 
their son, William, is the president of Swarthmore College, near Pniladelphia; 
Thomas and William have passed to the silent land; and Henry is a farmer 
of Hamilton county, Indiana. The father of these children departed this 
life August 12, 1 87 1, mourned by all who had known him. 

Timothy Thistlethwaite was born near Wilmington, Delaware, September 
16, 1 82 1, and was consequently about eight 3'ears old when his father 
located in the neighborhood of Ricfimond. The lad attended the Richmond 
public schools for some years and remained on the farm with his father until 
he was twenty-five years of age. He then engaged in the task of building a 
sawmill on the west fork of White Water river (not far from this city), at a 
point known as Thistlethwaite's Pond. This mill he operated for some five 
years. In 1854, in company with J. C. Ratliff and Miles J. Shinn, he built 
a paper mill in Richmond, and for a period of about five years was engaged 
in the manufacture of paper, under the style of the Hoosier Paper Manu- 
facturing Company. His next enterprise was the running of a flouring-mill 
in this city in partnership with Thomas Birdsall, which occupied his time for 
four years. Next he purchased a farcn in the western part of Richmond, and 
in addition to cultivating the place manufactured brick until 1S90, since 
which time he has given his sole attention to the management of his home- 
stead. As a business man he has been noted for bringing to bear an energy 
and perseverance in an undertaking until it had been carried to a point of 
assured success, and strict integrity and justice have characterized all his 
actions. In his political opinions he places principle above party. Relig- 
iously, he follows in the footsteps of his ancestors, and is a valued member 
of the Friends' ineetin". 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. :?63 

On the 3d of January, 1849, Mr. Thistlethwaite married Sarah Rathff. a 
daughter of Cornelius and Mary Rathff, and their three children are William 
C, Edward H. and Mary E. The elder son is engaged in the brick manu- 
facturing business in this city, and the younger son also makes his home 
here. The first mentioned married Mis3 Clarinda Hoggatt, and the latter 
wedded Miss Bertha L. Hoffman. Mary E. is the wife of Charles S. Ows- 
ley, an attorney-at-law in Kansas City, Missouri. Her higher education was 
obtained in Wilmington College, Ohio, and, possessing unusual artistic abil- 
ity, she has executed a number of very fine paintings of both portrait and 
landscape subjects. January 3, 1899, Mr. and Mrs. Thistlethwaite celebrated 
their golden wedding, having been married fifty years. 

EDWIN HADLEY. 

Dr. Edwin Hadley, son of Jonathan Hadley and Olive /ur Mendenhall, 
his wife, was born May 16, 1826, and died October 12, 1891. He was a 
lineal descendant of Simon, the scribe who came over from England in 1680, 
and settled in Bucks county, Pennsylvania. On his mother's side of the 
house he was connected with the great Mendenhall and Harlan families. He 
was a nephew of Hiram Mendenhall, the pioneer abolitionist who presented 
the petition to Henry Clay, asking him to free his slaves, in spite of the 
threats of the mob. Clay's bitter speech in reply lost him the presidency, 
upon which his heart was set. 

Dr. Edwin Hadley was married in 1854, to Jemima Doan, by whom he 
had ten children, six of whom survive him: Eliza D. married William Men- 
denhall; Edwin Clarence married Emma Hill; Turner W., Horace G. and 
Jessie C, all of whom reside at Richmond, Indiana; also Anna M., who 
married Willard Read, and settled at Seattle, Washington. 

Dr. Edwin Hadley died in 1886, at the age of sixty-five years. Asa 
physician he graduated, in 1856, at Cleveland, Ohio, bearing the honors of 
his class. He took a second course at Cincinnati, Ohio, and then entered 
regularly upon his professional duties, which he followed for thirty years, 
loved and honored by all who knew him. He received an honorary appoint- 
ment as surgeon during the civil war; was an honorary member of the Ohio 
State Medical Society; a member of the Indiana State Medical Society, where 
he served as president and was appointed a delegate to the national conven- 
tion held at Philadelphia in June, 1876. He was depended upon in- his 
papers and his discussions for the clear, analytic powers of his mind; but his 
chiefest post of duty was the bedside of his patients, whom he served with 
unswerving devotion. After a lingering sickness, borne with Christian resig- 
nation, he died at his home surrounded by his loved ones and ministered 
unto by his many friends, who repaid their debts to him in the same spirit of 



264 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

loving sacrifice that he had exhibited toward them. President Joseph Moor, 
President J. J. Mills and Dr. Dougan Clark offered loving tributes to the 
deceased at the funeral services. The burden of the discourse was " Mark 
the perfect man and behold the upright, for the end of that man is peace." 

HERBERT S. VOORHEES. 

Professor Herbert S. Voorhees, superintendent of the public schools of 
Brookville, Franklin county, Indiana, is prominently before the people as an 
instructor whose ability is rapidly forcing him to the front in educational cir- 
cles. He was born August 31, 1859, in Cincinnati, Ohio, and is a son of 
Richard and Nancy (Pitman) Voorhees. His father was a native of Reading, 
Ohio, and spent his entire lile within sight of the place on which he was born. 
He was an unassuming man, temperate in his habits, of upright, honorable, 
character and generous to a fault. He was a carpenter by trade and a 
farmer by occupation, combining both vocations when occasion demanded. 
Mrs. Voorhees is still living. Three children were born to Richard Voorhees 
and wife, and to these children it has been the laudable aim of both parents 
to give the best possible education. Our subject was the eldest of the trio; 
next came Louise, who passed through the Wj'oming high school, attended 
the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music, and is now engaged in teaching in the 
schools here. Mayme, the younger daughter, is a graduate of the Hartwell 
(Ohio) high school,- studied stenography in Cincinnati, and now has a good 
position in that city. 

Professor Voorhees' boyhood was spent on a farm, the years from five 
to fourteen, in Rush county, Indiana, where he was an attendant of the pub- 
-lic schools. At the age of fourteen he had finished the high-school course at 
Cincinnati. In 1881 he matriculated at the Belmont College, graduating 
three years later, with the degree of Bachelor of Science. The two years 
immediately succeeding this were spent in teaching physics and chemistry in 
that institution, from which he received the degree of Master of Science, and 
later the degree of Master of Arts was conferred upon him. He now accepted 
a position as bookkeeper with the Walnut Hills Coal Company, of Cincinnati, 
where he remained one year, and then accepted a more lucrative position 
with the Lockwood Lumber Company. He was here as bookkeeper for sev- 
eral months and connected with the Stearns & Foster Company for two years. 
In January, 1892, he came to Brookville, Indiana, and has since been prin- 
cipal of the high school at this place. The methods employed by him in 
teaching have placed the Brookville high school on a much higher plane than 
it formerly occupied, and the efficiency of his work being seen and appre- 
ciated by the board of education he has been elected to the office of superin- 
tendent for the coming year, to succeed Noble Harter. 




ic^^A^^^^^.^^ ^V^^o<^^.£,<^:-- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 265 

A man of deep learning and strong force of character, he has not been 
slow to improve himself through the advantages afforded by a close personal 
contact with such men as Professor A. G. Weatherby and Professor P. V. N. 
Meyer, the former professor in geology and the latter in history in the Cin- 
cinnati University. He has developed an unusual degree of proficiency in 
geological research, a study in which he has taken great pleasure. He is a 
member of the Anthropological Club and has been secretary of the organiza- 
tion for several years. May 31, 1899, was solemnized the marriage of Pro- 
fessor Voorhees and Miss Sarah Bracken, of Brookville, Indiana. 

WILLIAM H. BRADBURY. 

A native of Wayne county, and for thirty-six years a resident of Rich- 
mond, William Hervey Bradburj' enjoys an enviable position, having by 
honorable and correct business methods gained the confidence of his fellow 
townspeople. 

He was born in Jacksonburg on October 23, 1825. He belongs to a 
pioneer family, his ancestors having come to Wayne county in the early part 
of the present century. His grandfather, David Bradbury, was born near 
Elizabethtown, New Jersey. After the war of the Revolution, in which he 
he took part in some capacity, while yet a youth, he married Susanna Craig, 
of his native town. This occurred in 17S2. He engaged in farming a few 
years in each of the states of New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Kentucky, locat- 
ing in Warren county, Ohio, in 1797, and removing to Butler county, Ohio, 
in 1804, where he lived a number of years, finally coming to Wayne county, 
Indiana, where he died on his farm near Green's Fork, in 1824. 

Abner Marshal Bradbury, the fourth son of David and Susanna, was 
born in 1798 on his father's Warren county farm, on which the Shaker town, 
Union Village, was afterward located. His youth was spent on the Butler 
county farm. He attended school in a log school-house, one and a half miles 
distant, where a three-months term was held each winter. In 181 5 his 
father bought a quarter-section of land on Morgan's creek in this county, on 
which he constructed a fulling mill, with the purpose of establishing some of 
his sons. Here for three years Abner worked with two of his brothers dur- 
ing the fulling season, returning to his home each spring for the summer's 
work. 

This land and mill, together with the other possessions of the father in 
Ohio, were sold in 1818, and an effort was made to settle the family on a 
large tract of land near Terre Haute. This proved a most unfortunate vent- 
ure. After enduring many hardships and the loss of mother, two sisters and 
one sister-in-law, the family abandoned the enterprise and returned, much 
impoverished, to Butler county, Ohio, and Wayne county, Indiana. 




BKKXMfHICAL AXD GEXEMfOGfCAL HiSTOKF. 



3sdkA.ma.Sry-igoodB3boKcst.'. 
of !Si9, amS emSa^ wi^ a shoit tacra isff sexrice as 
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m 1869 to 
> ism sm^ 3£siii0ved to Canfarad^ Otv, wlieve te lensas^d aBdl 

i^ir ±z' - oi is life, iiE 3^iA occanxBg n iSS^ 

He tadk sjx scu^^ xiiteine9t in pdbfic a&k^ si^portiBg the Wfais aad 

aitsrwHrS "tHp IRgprvKH rsni pantr. ^fe SUSed m j a a n jM^itituB of Bs^aliaess and 
niiniipmrg' jn xas iniHuiiniiiiit Me ssTf^d Sfaiee lOiHiis ixi tjbe stale l^cslaltmsu 
tTwn isms in -tbe stsis ^aaite and fer ithirBe yeaas as ^sociate jnd^ In 
: S4.E be -«-££ £ 5eiei3iL£ to tiie Wli^ wafwiiall oGravemfikoa, faeM at FfailaidB- 

- T?r- . !:r -iiras jarara^d to 11^ llaiy Bo?^ <dbjiD^i>er e4 Rer. 
ne fiwtsil twinwlty Soe* iiusec tlsaiD SDElt^f oar yeais. 
jQ. Th^ Ibecarae tdie paiants of a laige famiih', 
ci raaattniitF- Of 



^?^ed is BseniBn^ai^ at Van Weit, 
rapcfe; Robot Bu mesadesin Unratie. 
: ^~s diclfs at Caanlai^e Ciiy; and 







ine. He 



BIOGRAPHICAL AXD GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 267 

shal until the end of the war. For a time he conducted a baker}-, which he 
eventually sold to D. K. Zeller. In 1867 he purchased from John L. Thomp- 
son his interest in the insurance and real-estate agency of Thompson & 
McMeans. The business was conducted under the firm name of Bradbury 
& McMeans until his partner retired to remove to Nebraska. On January- i, 
1 87 1, he associated with him his son, Wilbern K. Bradbury, under the nrm 
name of William H. Bradbury & Son. Excepting a short inter\-al this firm 
has continued in the business from that time until the present, and is now 
the oldest firm in this line in Richmond. These gentlemen handle for the 
owners much of the best real estate in Richmond, and have a large insurance 
business. For many years William H. Bradbury has given most of his time 
to the management of various trusts, having been administrator, executor, 
guardian, trustee and receiver in a large number of cases. All of these he 
has handled with fidelity and skill. He is superintendent of the beautiful 
Earlham cemetery, which position he has held continuouslj- for more than 
nineteen years. Under his skillful management the "silent city" has grown 
into a most attractive place of rest. In politics Mr. Bradbur}' has been a 
Republican since the organization of that party, though not an active par- 
tisan, and in no sense a politician. He has never asked the suffrage of the 
people for anj- office, although he was several times elected by the city council 
as a member of the board of education. Here he rendered good service, 
taking deep interest in the improvement of the schools. Five of the build- 
ings now in use were erected while he was a member of the board. 

He was married on August 30. 1846, to Miss Jane Kinley, who was bom 
on her father's farm between Centerville and Jacksonburg. November 15, 
1826, and died in Richmond, April 6, 1880. She was a daughter of Isaac 
and Ann (Reece) Kinley. also pioneers, who belonged to the religious societj' 
of Friends, and had a large circle of relatives in eastern Indiana, including 
the Hoover, Julian, Ratliff and others of the old families. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Bradbury were born three children, all in the old 
house at Jacksonburg, in which their father was born. The youngest. Abner 
Marshal, died in childhood. The others are Clarence Edward and Wilbern 
Kinley. The former was born October 24. 1847. was married in 1867 ta 
Nancy J. McWhinney, and now resides in Indianapolis, where he and his only 
son, Frederick W.. are conducting a hotel. Wilbern K. was born Septem- 
ber 13, 1849. He attended the public schools in his native county, closing, 
his school career at Hadleys Academy, at that time a flourishing private 
school, conducted by Hiram Hadley. After quitting school, he held a clerical 
position in the Richmond postoffice. This he resigned in 1S70 to join his 
father in the insurance and real-estate business. In the spring of 1873 he 
went to Indianapolis, where he was in the real-estate business for nearly 



268 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

three years. Returning to Richmond at the end of 1875, he rejoined his 
father in the firm of William H. Bradbury & Son. On June 27, 1877, he 
was married to Miss Lizzie A. Lupton, daughter of Joseph Abijah and Eliza- 
beth (Hampton) Lupton. They have three children, — Anna, Clifford C. and 
Robert L. 

TOBIAS M. RIDENOUR. 

One of the old and honored citizens of College Corner, Union county, is 
the gentleman whose name stands at the beginning of this brief tribute to his 
sterling worth and ability. Born in the house which he now occupies as the 
proprietor, July 21, 1833, he is a son of Samuel and Barbara (Miller) Ride- 
nonr. The old home is situated about half a mile from the village, in Union 
township, not far from the state line, and the fine, substantial brick house is 
considered a veritable landmark, as it was erected over three-score and ten 
years ago. The Ridenour family has long been one of the most prominent 
in this region, the ancestors of the present generation having been among the 
founders of this commonwealth, and active and influential in all of its early 
affairs and enterprises. From the pioneer days down to the present time, 
those bearing the name have been noted for traits of character which call 
forth the admiratioa and esteem of their associates and neighbors. 

The paternal grandparents of the subject of this sketch were Peter and 
Margaret Dorcas Ridenour, who lived in Maryland prior to the year that they 
set out to found a new home in the wilds of the then far west. They settled 
in Preble county, Ohio, and there the father of Tobias M. married Barbara, 
daughter of Tobias and Sarah Miller and sister of William Miller, of South 
Bend, Indiana, whose son, Hon. John F. Miller, was United States senator 
from California a few years ago. A year or so after their marriage the young 
couple removed to the farm now owned by their son, Tobias M., the date of 
their settlement here probably before 1825. Mr. Ridenour built the large 
brick house mentioned above, and became very well-to-do. He died, at the 
age of fifty-six years, in 1850. His widow survived until 1882, dying in her 
eighty-third year. She was a woman of remarkably ability and force of 
character, and reared her children to lives of usefulness. At the death of the 
father she was left with thirteen children, eight of whom were under age. 
Two of the number died in infancy, and in 1898 five of the brothers were 
still living, namely: Peter and Samuel, who are members of the wholesale 
grocery house of the Ridenour-Baker Company of Kansas City, Missouri; T. 
M. Irving Monroe, of Richmond, Indiana; and Elisha, of Liberal, Missouri. 
The mother outlived all of her five daughters, and when she died there were 
but seven of her children living. The eldest, Jonathan M., died in Indian- 
apolis. He was president of the Cincinnati & Indianapolis Junction Rail- 
road for years, and was a wealthy and influential man in the world of busi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 269 

ness. His father was connected with the first survey for this raih"oad, but 
the son, J. M., was the one to whom the line owes its completion. He was 
a wide-awake, energetic business man, and carried to a successful finish 
almost everything which he ever undertook. Charles Perry, another son, 
a banker and prosperous business man of Kingston, New York, died in that 
city, and his family still make their home there. The Ridenours owned sev- 
eral farms in this vicinity at various periods. They had one whole section, 
divided into four farms, and cultivated by them, and besides owned two 
farms in Butler county, Ohio, and one in Preble county, that state. When 
he located here, in the almost unbroken forest, Samuel Ridenour was obliged 
to borrow the money to make the first payment upon his land, but his energy 
and well-directed business talent soon overcame all obstacles and placed him 
on the road to wealth. 

Tobias M. Ridenour remained on the old homestead, and, as he was the 
eldest son at home then, the responsibilities of managing the place fell 
largely to his share after the death of his father. On the loth of May, 
1 8/ I, he married Miss Maria J. Beard, daughter of Thomas and Eliza Beard, 
the former deceased, but the latter still living in Liberty. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Ridenour one son and one daughter were born, namely: Louie, who is at 
home, and Charles M., who graduated in June. 1899, in the high school at 
College Corner. 

For about six years Mr. Ridenour owned and carried on a general store, 
and dealt also in grain. This store, situated at College Corner, was pur- 
chased by him of the former owner, his brother, Jonathan M. Of late years 
he has devoted himself exclusively to agriculture, and has met with success, 
as he deserves. He has been a lifelong member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, of which denomination his parents were also worthy members. The 
Ridenour family were active assistants in the building of three churches in 
College Corner, and have been very liberal in their donations to the cause of 
Christianity. Mr. Tobias M. Ridenour has been a trustee of the church for 
many years, has served on the building committee, and has occupied other 
official positions in the congregation. His parents were members of the 
original "class" organized in early days here. Politically he is affiliated 
with the Republican party. 

JAMES O. JOHNSON. 
Seventy-two years ago this much respected citizen of Liberty township. 
Union coupty, was born on the identical homestead where he is to be found 
to-day, the date being October 4, 1826. With the exception of a few 
months, perhaps, he has passed his entire life here, engaged in agriculture, 
and prosperity has blessed him in the majority of his undertakings. During 



270 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

a period of over forty years he has been an active and valued worker in the 
First Christian church of Silver Creek, and has occupied various offices of 
trust in the same. He has attended conventions of his church organization, 
has been liberal in his contributions to the spread of primitive Christianity, — 
the simple faith of love toward God and man, and in all the manifold rela- 
tions of life he has earnestly striven to do his whole duty. 

James Owen Johnson comes of an old Virginia family: in fact, his 
ancestors on both sides of the house were residents of Bedford county, that 
state. In 1819 the parents of our subject. Garland and Elizabeth (Hensley) 
Johnson, came to Indiana with their three children and settled on land east 
of the town of Liberty, but scarcely two years later they removed to the 
homestead which is now owned and cultivated by James Owen Johnson. This 
property was given, in part, to Garland Johnson, and partly sold to him, by 
his father, Nicholas, who had come to this township in 1820 and had pur- 
chased a whole section of land here. He also gave farms to his sons, Jesse, 
Pleasant, Miner and Griffin, all of whom lived near and reared their children 
in this community. Later, Miner went to Illinois and Pleasant to Dublin, 
Wayne county, Indiana. Jesse died at the age of thirty years, and both of 
his children are deceased. Griffin died, leaving two sons: John, now of 
Center township, and Madison, of Marion, Indiana. Of the daughters, 
Nancy married James Cuney and resided in Dublin, this state; Sarah H. 
(Mrs. William Horton) lived here until well along in years and died at 
Knightstown, Indiana; Mary married Reuben Chapell and both are deceased; 
Betsy died unmarried; Josanna was another daughter; and Matilda died 
when about ten years old. Two daughters died in infancy, in Virginia. 
Of the large family of Nicholas Johnson it is a singular fact that but two of 
his descendants, John and James Owen Johnson, are now residents of this 
county, where he originally took up such an extensive tract of land and 
believed that this would be the permanent home of many of those bearing 
his name. He died at the age of seventy-seven years, and was survived by 
his second wife, whose maiden name had been Catherine Dobbins and whom 
he married in Virginia. 

The commodious old house in which James O. Johnson, of this sketch, 
resides was erected by his father in 1843, and he assisted in its construction. 
The father's death took place under its hospitable roof some years later, in 
1853, when he was in his sixty-fourth year. His original farm had com- 
prised eighty acres, and he added another tract, thus making his place one 
one hundred and thirty-three acres. His wife and mother, Elizabeth John- 
son, survived her husband many years, her death occurring February 4, 
1869, when she attained her seventy-third year. Several of their children 
died in their early prime. They were named as follows: Samuel H., a phy- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 271 

sician, died in 1842, when twenty-nine years of age; Jordan, a minister of 
the first Christian church in this community, died in 1861, aged forty-five 
years; Martha died in infancy; Margaret deid in 1845, in her twenty-seventh 
year; Abner died in 1844, when in his twenty-third year; Ephraim died in 
1854, aged thirty years; James Owen is the next in order of birth; Elizabeth 
died in her eighteenth year, in 1846; William G. died in his sixtieth year, 
December 16, 1893; and Eunice died in 1871, in her thirty-fifth year. Will- 
iam G. was educated for the medical profession, but on account of failing 
health he abandoned it and for several years was the proprietor'of Johnson's 
Commercial College, of Cincinnati. At the time of his death he was living 
in Covington, Iventiick}-. 

Of the once large and happy family circle which used to gather around 
the fire-place of Garland Johnson, only one, the subject of this sketch, 
remains He was next to the youngest son, and when his father's health 
declined the young man shouldered the burdens of the farm management. 
After the death of the elder Mr. Johnson, James O. purchased mainly all the 
interests of the other heirs in the old homestead and has since given his 
whole time to supervising its cultivation. Years ago he used his ballot in 
favor of the Democratic party platform and nominees, but for a long period 
he has faithfully rendered allegiance to the principles of the Republican 
party. 

May 5, 1874, Mr. Johnson married Miss Lydia A. Van Meter, since he 
had evidently become tired of keeping bachelor's hall, as he had done for 
the five years succeeding his mother's death. Mrs. Johnson is a native of 
Franklin county, her birth having occurred in the vicinity of Colter's 
Corners. Her parents are William and Rachel Van Meter, who were worthy 
citizens of Franklin county. 

SOLOMON MEREDITH. 
Solomon Meredith was born in Guilford county, North Carolina, May 
29, 1 8 10, and was the youngest of twelve children. When nineteen years of 
age he came to Indiana, making the entire journey on foot, and the deter- 
mination and energy which he displayed in the accomplishment of that 
undertaking characterized his entire career. Arriving in Wayne county in 
May, 1829, he at once sought employment in the most important industry of 
that period, — the felling of trees, — and at what would now be considered a 
very meager compensation, — six dollars per month. His personal force of 
character and also the opportunities of the time are well marked by the fact 
that in 1834, when but twenty-four years of age, he was elected sheriff of 
Wayne county. Mr. Meredith possessed in a remarkable degree some of the 
qualifications that fit a man for public, or political life, — first, his ability to 



272 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

remember names and faces and upon sight begin a conversation by referring 
to incidents of the last occasion upon which he had met the person with 
whom he was speaking; and, second, a real sympathy with young men, — a 
feature of his character that became very pronounced in his later life. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the office of sheriff, and during that term occurred 
his marriage to Miss Anna Hannah, a daughter of Samuel Hannah, a dis- 
tinguished citizen of Wayne county and later treasurer of the state. 

The marriage proved to be a very happy one, and to the strong char- 
acter of his wife Mr. Meredith always attributed whatever of success he 
attained. She was a wise counselor and deserved the deep and lifelong 
devotion bestowed upon her by her husband. To this marriage were born 
four children: Samuel H. died in 1862, at which time he held the rank of 
first lieutenant in the Nineteenth Indiana Regiment. He was severely 
wounded at the battle of Gainesville, in 1862, and again at Gettysburg, but 
from the first injury he never recovered, and his death occurred while he was 
on a furlough at his father's home. The second son, David M., was a cap- 
tain in the Fifteenth United States Infantry, served through the civil war 
and was severely wounded at the battle of Chickamauga, where he was 
brevetted major for gallantry on the iield of battle. He died at Mobile, 
Alabama, in 1867. The third son, Henry Clay, who died in 1SS2, achieved 
prominence in agriculture and in public affairs. The fourth child, Mary, 
died in infancy. • 

Mr. Meredith was of an extremely hospitable nature and in his hos- 
pitality he was seconded and encouraged by his wife, no home of early times 
receiving more distinguished guests or welcoming more friends. On one 
occasion he entertained socially the legislature of the state at his Oakland 
Farm home. It was his custom in the first years of the agricultural fairs to 
provide a house or tent on the grounds where he would invite his friends by 
the score to dinner. In his later years, after the close of the war, his house 
was an asylum for the soldiers of his old Nineteenth Regiment; there they 
could find a welcome and a shelter when fate proved unkind In 1840 Mr. 
Meredith was a delegate to the Whig national convention. In 1846-7-8 he 
was a member of the state legislature and again in 1854. During this service 
he was especially active in promoting the educational interests of Indiana. 
From 1849 until 1853 he held the office of United States marshal for the 
district of Indiana, by appointment from President Taylor. 

During these years he was closely identified with the public improve- 
ments of eastern Indiana, — notably the Whitewater canal, one of the most 
ambitious schemes of that period, and later, with his brother-in-law, John S. 
Newman, he acted as financial agent for the completion of the Indiana Gen- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 273 

tral Railroad, now an important part of the Pennsylvania railway system. 
Later he was president of the Cincinnati & Chicago Railroad Company. 

Upon the formation of the Republican party Mr. Meredith became a 
strong adherent of its measures and a vehement advocate of its policy. The 
strong majority of the party in eastern Indiana soon led to divisions within 
its own lines, and the intense party spirit developed by the friends of Mr. 
Meredith in his contests with other candidates for party favors gave to this 
congressional district the name of the "Old Burnt District," and certainly 
the fires of party devotion never burned more fiercely anywhere than in ^^'ayne 
and the adjoining counties in the '60s. 

Upon the first call for soldiers after the tiring on of Fort Sumter, in 
1 861, Mr. Meredith raised a regmient of volunteers in his own and adjacent 
counties, which became the Nineteenth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. He 
was appointed its colonel, and while he had no military knowledge whatever, 
yet he had the essential qualities of a soldier, and his subsequent brilliant 
career justified Governor Morton's confidence in bestowing the appointment 
upon him. The regiment was in the army of the Potomac and first saw 
service in Virginia. It belonged to the famous " Iron Brigade," so named 
because of its splendid courage under fire. In August, 1862, at the severe 
battle of Gainesville, the Nineteenth Regiment lost fifty per cent, of its force, 
in killed and wounded. In September of the same year it did splendid serv- 
ice at Antietam. In October, Colonel Meredith was promoted to be a 
brigadier general, and commanded the Iron Brigade in all its battles and 
marches until severely wounded, at Gettysburg. Because the brigade could 
stand like iron before the fire of the enemy, it was selected to force the 
crossing of the Rappahannock, in April, 1863. This duty it performed so 
gallantly that General Meredith and the brigade were thanked in general 
orders. In July the Iron Brigade carried the honors of Gettysburg, being 
again selected to receive the tire of the enemy while important movements 
were being made on another part of the field. Here General Meredith was 
so severely wounded that he was never again fit for active duty. In 1S64 he 
was ordered to the command of the miJitaiy post at Cairo, Illinois, and later 
was assigned to the command of the post at Paducah, Kentucky. In Feb. 
ruary, 1865, he was relieved of the command and Major General Thomas 
was directed to fill the place by an officer from his department, whereupon 
General Thomas telegraphed to the war department, at Washington: •' I 
have no general officer in my department who can take the place of General 
Meredith. He is the right man in the right place. I desire that he be 
retained." The wishes of General Thomas were respected, and General 
Meredith remained in com.mand of the post until the armies of Lee and 
Johnston surrendered. 



^74 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

General Meredith's health had been greatly impaired during his years 
of military service, and he lived in quiet retirement on his farm near Cam- 
bridge City after the close of the war, with the exception of two years, from 
1867 until 1869,' when he was surveyor-general of Montana. During his last 
years he gave renewed attention to the breeding of improved live stock, his 
herd of shorthorn cattle and flock of Southdown sheep being improved and 
augmented by imported animals from England. Once more he became an 
exhibitor at the leading agricultural fairs. He had, in the '50s, promoted 
the establishment of agricultural fairs, and had shown an energy and enthu- 
siasm in the improvement and exhibition of cattle and sheep and horses that 
>had a most substantial effect upon the agricultural and live-stock interests of 
•the state. 

General Meredith died October 11, 1875, and lies buried upon his home 
farm, with all of his family about him, none of the name now surviving. He 
has now been dead twenty-five years, and yet those who knew him at all 
doubtless remember him distinctly, for his personality was so pronounced 
that he could not easily be forgotten. He was six feet, seven inches in 
•height, and on account of his unusual size his presence in any assembly was 
always noticed and secured for him instant recognition ever after. His size and 
-muscular strength were inherited. He often recounted the vivid impression 
• made upon his youthful mind by the sight of his grandfather riding with 
■peculiar erectness on horseback when past ninety years of age; while he 
repeated with pride the story of a stone set to commemorate the fact that in 
■Guilford county. North Carolina, a Meredith had jumped a longer distance 
than any other man could jump! General Meredith's three sons inherited his 
stature, the older being six feet, four, and the two younger six feet and two 
inches, each, in height. 

To those who knew General Meredith well he had many other charac- 
teristics as pronounced as his stature, — his love for his friends, and his disin- 
terested efforts to serve them will be first recalled. Closely allied -to his 
genius for friendship was his hospitality; he delighted to share his home with 
his friends. He seems to have possessed in a high degree the quality of call- 
ing out friendship in others and inspiring a regard that seems enduring, for 
■even after this long lapse of years there are many visitors in the old horne- 
: stead who come purely because they have loved General Meredith and want 
'to visit his grave. His trait of eliciting true and deep friendship deserves to 
Ibe emphasized in these days when selfishness is a bar sinister on many an 
■escutcheon when rightly read. 

Histories have been written reciting the stirring events of war, — the pomp 
and glory of war have been adequately celebrated, — but the soldiers' letters 
■.to the home folk give a truer picture of soldier life. It may be interesting to 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 275 

quote from some of General Meredith's letters to his wife. Under date of 
March 19, 1862, he writes from '' Headquarters Nineteenth Indiana, near 
Fairfax Seminary:" " On Saturday last we were notified that we must be 
ready to march in twenty minutes for Alexandria, to embark for Richmond. 
The whole army sttirted in a few minutes. It had just commenced raining 
hard when we started, and it continued all day. We marched sixteen miles, 
then camped for the night, all as wet as water could make us; had to lie 
■down in our wet clothes. Next day (Sunday) we were informed that the 
boat was not ready and would not be for a few days, and that we could 
return to our old camp and get some things we had left in the hurry. We 
returned there on Sunday evening. On Monday we invoiced all our camp 
property that we could not take with us. Yesterday we were ordered here 
to take our place with the grand Army of the Potomac, when it moves, 
which we think will be to-morrow, as the transports are arriving rapidly. So 
if I live ten days longer, I expect to beat the taking of Richmond, the capital 
of the southern Confederacy! " 

An appreciation of the dark side of war grew with the process .of time, 
and almost two years later, in a letter dated from Fairfax Court-house, 
November 2, 1863, he writes: "This evening I rode out to where the Old 
Brigade (referring to the Iron Brigade, to which the Nineteenth belonged) was 
in camp, when we first moved on Centerville and Manassas, in March, 1862, 
under McClellan. We went in camp a mile and a half west from here and 
remained two days. There stand the same poles that poor Bachman and 
May assisted me to put up one night when it was raining as hard as it could 
pour down. The visit was a melancholy one; it brought to my mind old 
associations with the gallant dead who now sleep the sleep that knows no 
waking. The Nineteenth then numbered for duty about eight hundred and 
forty men; and to think of what has become of all that body of splendid men, 
and the rebels not whipped yet, makes me feel sad indeed. God only knows 
how many brave men are to be sacrificed!" 

One must admire not only the courage in battle, but far more the stead- 
fast courage that through weeks and months and years impelled men to 
remain in camp, renouncing home and comfort, family ties and business 
emoluments. General Meredith was devoted to his wife; his letters are filled 
with expressions denoting his confidence in her ability to conduct their home 
affairs, and his regret in being separated from her. In a letter written from 
"Camp, near Fitz Hugh Crossing," dated May 23, 1863, he writes: 
" Enclosed you will find a sweet-scented fiower from the garden of Mr. Fitz 
Hugh, near where I made the crossing on the morning of April 29. It is one 
of the most beautiful places I ever saw, overlooking the Rappahannock. I 
send it to you to put away until I return home." It was at Fitz Hugh Cross- 



276 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ing that the Iron Brigade had been given the difficult and dangerous duty of 
forcing the crossing, and right gallantly it did its duty that historic April 
morning. 

The eminence of General Meredith in agriculture; his marked career as 
a soldier, reaching by promotion the honorable rank of brigadier general of 
volunteers and major general by brevet; his success in public life, accent- 
uated by repeated elections and appointments to office, illustrate very forci- 
bly how a resolute will, joined to native ability, may serve the ambition and 
crown a useful life. 

NICHOLAS SMELSER, 

For three-fourths of this century the Smelser family has occupied a dis- 
tinctive place in the affairs of Wayne and Union counties. From a wilder- 
ness this section has been gradually transformed to a fertile farming country, 
dotted with happy homes, and in this glorious labor the Smelsers have been 
active and zealous, leaving to their children and to posterity the records of 
useful, well spent lives. 

Jacob Smelser, the grandfather of our subject, was a native of Maryland, 
in which state and in Kentucky he naturally imbibed the old southern ideas 
in regard to slavery, — at least to a large e.xtent. He married Elizabeth 
Smith in the Blue Grass state, and about 1824 they removed to Boston town- 
ship, Wayne county, Indiana, where they settled upon a farm and there con- 
tinued to dwell until death summoned them to their reward, he dying at the 
advanced age of ninety-two and she at seventy-five years. The old home- 
stead is still in the possession of the family, being now owned by James 
Hart, a nephew by marriage. 

In the early days Jacob Smelser owned a distillery, the products of 
which he would occasionally load upon a flatboat and convey to New Orleans 
by the river route, then walking back the entire distance. He freed his 
slaves when he came to Indiana, but several of them accompanied him, 
nevertheless, and one of the number, " Old Ben," to whom he had not given 
his freedom, but had hired out for eleven years, afterward joined the family 
in this state. 

The parents of our subject, Solomon and Lucinda (Stevens) Smelser, 
were married in Union county. Mrs. Smelser was a daughter of William 
and sister of Steven C. Stevens, and was born and reared in Harrison town- 
ship, this county. Her last years were passed at her birthplace, both she 
and her husband attaining their seventy-sixth year. He was a very success- 
ful farmer and business man and during the war of the Rebellion he raised 
mules which he sold to the government. In his various financial enterprises 
he usually prospered, and at the time of his death he owned about nine hun- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 277 

dred acres of land. In his political views he was a Republican, and in his 
religious opinions he was a strong Universalist. 

Ten' children were born to Solomon Smelser and wife, and all but two 
survive. Their names are as follows: Harriet, wife of Bennett Depenbrock, 
of Salem, Illinois; Jacob, a traveling salesman, whose home is in Liberty; 
William, a life-insurance agent in Emporia, Kansas; Sarah, who married L. 
H. Price, and died when about thirty years of age, leaving three children; 
Emeline, who died at ten years of age; Nicholas; Kate, who became the sec- 
ond wife of L. H. Price and now lives in New Decatur, Alabama; Elizabeth, 
Mrs. Charles Coughlin, of Harrison township; Martha, wife of William Bill- 
ings, of New Decatur, Alabama; and Alice, wife of Joseph H. Bradbury, of 
Abington, Wayne county, Indiana. 

Nicholas Smelser was born December 14, 1849, on the old Stevens 
homestead, where he now resides and where his father lived for forty years. 
When he reached his majority he went to Salem, Illinois, near which place 
his father had purchased land, and there he remained for seven years, engaged 
in farming. In the meantime, November 14, 1872, he had married Miss 
Sarah Slane, of Alma, Illinois, of which town her father was a merchant. 
They became the parents of three children, of whom the only daughter. Mat- 
tie, is the wife of James Driffill and has two children, — Clyde, six years old, 
and Mildred, one year old. The two sons of our subject and wife, John 
Lyman and Solomon Garfield, are still at home. 

In 1875 Mr. Smelser returned to Indiana, and his venerable father was 
so desirous for him to remain here permanently that the younger man decided 
to do so, and purchased from his parents the farm he now owns, one adjoin- 
ing the old Stevens' place, which latter, also, later came into his possession, 
thus making his homestead one of one hundred and sixty acres. In addition 
to this, he owns a farm near Centerville, which property his sons cultivate. 

In June, 1897, soon after the death of Albert Mitchell, Mr. Smelser was 
appointed to succeed the deceased in the office of county commissioner, and 
as such he is still acting. He is very popular with all who know him, is a 
man of wide influence in this, his native township, and he is now, by election, 
serving a term in the office he has so abundantly proved himself capable of 
filling. — that of county commissioner, in which his term expires in Decem- 
ber. 1900. 

ROBERT A. CUNNINGHAM. 

Occup3'ing a charming country home in Liberty township. Union county, 
Indiana, his post-office address being Dunlapsville, we find this well known 
and highly respected citizen, Robert Armstrong Cunningham. The history 
of his life is of importance in a work of this character, and is as follows: 

Robert A. Cunningham was born ! in Brownsville township. Union 



278 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

county, Indiana, April 7, 1819, son of James and Susannah (Clark) Cunning- 
ham, the former a native of Washington county, Virginia, born October 12, 
1779; the latter, born in Tennessee, in 1787, their marriage occurring in 
Virginia. In the year 181 5, the year before Indiana was admitted into the 
union of states, James Cunningham and wife came west and took up their 
abode in Eastern Indiana, on what was known as the Henston J. Robinson 
farm, in Union county. Three years later, in 18 18, he entered a tract of 
land lying just north of Clifton, where he improved a farm and where he 
spent the rest of his life, his death occurring there in 1853. His wife sur- 
vived him a few years, and passed away in 1864. She was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and both were people whose sterling qualities 
of mind and heart endeared them to a large circle of friends, for they were 
well known by the early pioneers of this locality. The children born to 
them were, in order of birth, as follows: John, Rebecca, William, James, 
Samuel, Robert, Mary, Sarah, George W. and Enoch. At this writing 
(1899) only two of this number are living, — Sarah, widow of Archibald Dunn, 
of Fayette county, Indiana; and Robert A., whose name introduces this 
sketch. 

Robert A. Cunningham was reared on his father's farm, above referred 
to, and April 24, 1841, married Miss Mary, daughter of Francis and Elizabeth 
(Snyder) Harvey. She was born October 18, 1822, near Clifton, Indiana. 
After his marriage our subject lived for five years on the old homestead, in 
the same house in which he was born, and in that house three of their chil- 
dren were born. He then moved to the Moses Harvey farm, southwest of 
Clifton, where he lived until 1852, when he came to his present farm, five 
miles southwest of Liberty, in Liberty township. Here he owns three hun- 
dred and seventy acres of land, all lying in a compact body, along the 
Whitewater river, about half of it being bottom land, the rest extending 
into the uplands, where his handsome residence is situated. His home, 
occupying as it does the highest point along the river in this vicinity, com- 
mands a magnificent view of his broad acres, and indeed of the surrounding 
country for miles in every direction. 

While Mr. Cunningham has carried on general farming all these years, 
he has made a specialty of stock-raising, his land being specially adapted for 
stock purposes, and he has given special attention to the raising of hogs. 
For the past twenty years or thereabouts he has rented the greater part of 
his land, chiefly to his son-in-law, Samuel B. Bond. 

Mr. Cunningham has always affiliated with the Democratic party and 
taken an active interest in political affairs. For ten years he has served as 
township trustee. Twice he has been the candidate of his party for the 
office of county commissioner, but with his ticket was defeated each time, 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 279 

polling, however, on one occasion one hundred votes more than his party 
ticket. Since the division in the Democratic ranks he is on the silver side. 
He is a great convention worker, always active in promoting what he believes 
to be for the good of the party. 

Religiously, Mr. Cunningham is a member of the Christian church. For 
fifty years he has been identified with the church at Liberty, and for a num- 
ber of years served as one of its trustees. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cunningham have had six children, namely: Michael J., 
of Dunlapsville, Indiana; Eva A., wife of William R. Beck, of Liberty, 
Indiana; Sarah J., wife of Samuel B. Bond, who, as above stated, has 
charge of Mr. Cunningham's farm; Elizabeth S., who died at the age of 
twenty-one years; Franklin P., who died at the age of fifteen years; and 
Albert R., who died at the age of eighteen. 

In speaking of his career as a farmer, Mr. Cunningham states that his 
most prosperous years were between 1853 and 1S60. While, as already 
stated, he has carried on diversified farming, he has made a specialty of the 
stock business and has depended chiefly on hogs. Besides his fine home 
farm he owns real estate in other localities. He has assisted each of his 
children to get a good farm, and he has been more than generous to his 
friends. Indeed, he has often had too great confidence in human nature, 
and his loyalty to his friends has frequently caused him to trust them too far 
and has been the means of his having security money to pay. He is generous 
to a fault. His genial, jovial nature, and his honorable and upright life and 
Christian character have endeared him to a host of friends. 

JAMES W. MARTINDALE. 
James W. Martindaie is of the fifth generation removed from his paternal 
ancestor who founded the Martindaie family on the shores of America. Little 
is known of the founder of the family in America, save that he came from 
Wales, and possessed the sterling qualities which have characterized all of 
his descendants. His son William, the great-grandfather of the subject of 
this biography, was born in South Carolina, and the next in the line of 
descent was James, who was born in North Carolina and located in Wayne 
county, Indiana, in 1809. He made a home on a tract of land, the southeast 
quarter of section 26, in what is now Clay township. This place, adjoining the 
present village of Green's Fork, is now in the possession of his namesake, our 
subject. The first wife of James Martindaie died before he became a resi- 
dent of this state, and their two daughters were Mrs. Martha Benson and 
Mrs. Rebecca Martindaie. For his second wife he chose Elizabeth Adding- 
ton, a Quaker, whose sweet, gentle face and winning and lovable disposition 
won the high esteem of all who knew her, — not the least among her admirers 



280 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

being her grandson, James \\'. , who cherishes her memory. The grand- 
father, who survived her several years, likewise possessed numerous noble 
traits, and to his enterprise and hardihood the little colony of pioneers in 
Clay township were indebted in many material ways. He was identified with 
the Baptist church and was ever ready to lend a helping hand to his fellow- 
men. The two sons of James and Elizabeth Martindale were John and 
William. The latter, a man of ability and zeal, was carried away by the 
Mormon doctrines in his early manhood, and accompanied that peculiar 
people in their wanderings until they settled in Utah. Subsequently he 
removed to Southern California, where he died. That he was trul}' sincere 
in his religious views no one that knew him could doubt, but his attitude on 
the subject was a great grief to his friends. 

John and William Martindale were born in a humble log cabin which 
stood but a few rods from the present residence of our subject. John, father 
of the latter, was born in i8ro, and though he had no educational privileges 
such as is afforded the youth of this generation, he read everything he could 
find, and was a great student. So well did he succeed in the task of self- 
edncation that he taught school for some time, and met with gratifying 
returns for his efforts. All great moral and public questions were studied 
deeply by him, and he joined the Washingtonian Temperance Society soon 
after its organization. Though he was a Democrat of the old school, he was 
strongly anti-slavery in his views and was favorable to the free-soil move- 
ment. He died while in the prime of young manhood, March 30, 1849. 
Religiously he was not associated with any church, though his life was not at 
variance with the precepts of Christianity, and, without question, the influ- 
ence and teachings of his sainted mother were all-powerful with him, causing 
him to leave an honored name and blameless record. For a wife he chose 
Lydia Hatfield, and three children were born of their marriage. The daugh- 
ters are Mrs. Sarah J. Dean and Mrs. Elizabeth Davis, both of whom are 
residents of this township. 

James W. Martindale, an only son, was born near Green's Fork Decem- 
ber 5, 1829, and when he was about seven years old he accompanied the 
family to Cass county. His father was in very poor health and it was hoped 
the change would prove of benefit to him, but, after remaining there for two 
or three years, they returned and thenceforth dwelt upon the old homestead. 
In his childhood, when the country was very wild and the red men were 
more numerous here than the white settlers, James W. played with the 
Indian lads, and in this immediate section of the state all of the relations of 
the two races were peaceful and harmonious. Within his recollection most 
remarkable changes have been brought to pass, as the forests were felled and 
prosperous farms and villages took the place of the trackless wilderness. In 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 281 

this mighty work he has done his full share, aiding also in the establishment 
of law and good government, and upholding whatever has been calculated to 
advance the welfare of the community in which his lot was cast. He expects 
to pass the sunset days of his life on the old homestead, which has now been 
in the possession of his family for ninety years. 

On the 20th of November, 1S4S, Mr. Martindale married Miss Lydia 
King, a daughter of Isaac and Ann (Davisj King. Mr. King was one of the 
pioneers of Dublin, Wayne county, where he built the first house, and there 
Mrs. Martindale was born, August 13, 1830. Her father died in Hancock 
county, Indiana, where he had lived for a few years, and the wife and mother 
departed this life at Richmond so ne years ago. Two sons and a daughter 
were born to our subject and wife, namely: John and Eden, and Emma, who 
is the wife of Alpheus Baldwin, of Richmond, this county. 

The first vote of Mr. Martindale was cast for John P. Hale, but since 
the organization of the Republican party he has been loyal to its principles. 
For seven years he acted in the capacity of trustee of Clay township, and 
for the same length of time he was a commissioner of Wayne county. The 
influence and teaching of his beloved grandmother and the advice of his 
father, who late in his life counseled him to follow the precepts of the Quaker 
church, have largely molded his religious ideas, and recently he allied him- 
self with the Society of Friends, of which his faithful wife has been a mem- 
ber since her early years. They are sincerely admired and loved by those 
who have known them a lifetime, and in peace and content are passing their 
days, surrounded with the comforts and lu.xuries which are the fruits of their 
former years of industry and good management. 

NATHAN F. GARWOOD. 

Nathan Folwell Garwood is the owner of the Forest Home, one of the 
most beautiful country-seats of Wayne county. It is pleasantly located only 
a mile and a half from the city. The residence, built fifty-three years ago, is 
a very commodious structure, and its light, airy rooms, tastefully furnished, 
are most restful and attractive. Ease and comfort have supplemented rich- 
ness in the adornment of Forest Home, and the house is one of the old-time 
mansions which, in this day of cramped city quarters, prove most inviting. 
The house is surrounded with a well kept lawn adorned by fine old shade 
trees; commodious barns and outbuildings in the rear afford ample shelter for 
grain and stock; well tilled fields indicate coming harvests, and fine orchards, 
embracing five acres, are not the least attractive features of this ideal coun- 
try-seat. The farm contains sixty-seven acres in all. 

The owner, Nathan Folwell Garwood, is one of the most highly respected 
citizens of the community and a leading representative of the agricultural 



282 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

and horticultural interests of this section of the state. He was born October 
1 8, 1831, at Mullica Hill, Gloucester county, New Jersey, and is the eldest 
child and only son of Amasa and Esther (Iredell) Garwood. The father was 
twice married, the mother of our subject being his second wife. He was a 
blacksmith by trade and conducted a smithy in the village, while Nathan Gar- 
wood assisted in operating the farm. The former died in 1853, and the follow- 
ing year our subject, in connection with Ephraim Tomlinson, proprietor of saw 
and grist mills, known as the Laurel Mills, extensively engaged in the manu- 
facture of flour and lumber at White Horse, Camden county, New Jersey, 
Mr. Garwood having charge of the mercantile department for one year. 
Throughout the following year he carried on general merchandising at Bridge- 
port, New Jersey, in partnership with a Mr. Jordan, and the summer of 1856 
he spent in eastern Iowa. He afterward went to Omaha, Nebraska, and 
during the financial panic of 1857 he lost, through the failure of one of the 
banks there, a thousand dollars. This was a great blow to a young man just 
starting out upon a business career; but with great energy and determination 
he set to work to retrieve his lost possessions. Afterward going to Gentry 
county, Missouri, he there remained until 1859, when he went to Hannibal, 
that state. Having no money, he was obliged to accept any work that he 
could secure, and while in Gentry county, in connection with a young man 
by the name of Chambers, a cabinet-maker, he took a contract for making 
one hundred bedsteads. • When the contract was completed, in the spring of 
1859, he had twenty dollars above and beyond his expenses. He then 
accepted a clerkship in the freight office of the Hannibal & St. Joseph Rail- 
road, at Hannibal, where he remained two years. 

In the meantime Mr. Garwood came to Wayne county, Indiana, and 
was married, near Richmond, to Anna E. Iredell. He then returned with 
his bride to Hannibal and continued to till his position in the freight office 
until after the inauguration of the civil war, when, railroad business being 
largely suspended, he returned to Richmond. In the spring of 1863 he went 
to Nashville, Tennessee, and entered the quartermaster's department in the 
United States service, under Colonel Crane, having charge of the railroad 
transportation south of that city, for at that time the government was in con- 
trol of all lines south of Nashville. Mr. Garwood was engaged in office work 
there until all the government business was closed up, in 1866, when he 
accepted a position with the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, in the former 
city. He had his trunks all packed ready to return to Indiana, but the agent 
persuaded him to join the company, and he remained with the road at Nash- 
ville and at Chattanooga until 1876, attending to the transfer of all freight. 

At length his health failed him, and Mr. Garwood determined to make 
a change. He visited the Centennial Exposition, at Philadelphia, and then 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 2Sa 

came to Wayne county, where, in the spring of 1877, he purchased his pres- 
ent property, Forest Home. The farm formerly belonged to Benjamin 
Stratton, who built the house from brick manufactured on the place and 
from timber there cut, all the work being done by hand. The Friends' cem- 
etery, located one hundred years ago, occupies a corner at the southern end 
of the farm. For some years Mr. Garwood has made a specialty of the rais- 
ing of small fruits, including raspberries, blackberries, etc., and now has- 
some five acres planted to fruit. He has given much study to the best 
methods of cultivation and to the requirement of the plants and has been an 
active worker in the Wayne County Horticultural Society, where his opinion 
is received as authority on many subjects. He is a member of the Wayne 
County Agricultural & Horticultural Society and has been an exhibitor at 
many of its fairs. 

It was on the 5th of March, i86r, that Mr. Garwood wedded Miss Anna 
E. Iredell, daughter of Samuel E. Iredell, who was born in Gloucester 
county, New Jersey, and in 1835 came to Richmond, where he worked at the 
tailor's trade until 1850. He then retired to a farm near Middleboro, Wayne 
county, where he spent his remaining days, his death occurring in 1866. 
Even after his removal to the country many of his former patrons went to 
his farm in order to get him to make their clothes. He married Marinette 
L. Suffrain, a daughter of John Suffrain, a native of France, and her death 
occurred in 1896, she having survived her husband thirty years. Their chil- 
dren were Anna E. , who was born in Richmond in 1837; John S., in the 
insurance business at Richmond; Hannah Josephine, who married Benjamin 
Starr, and died at the age of twenty-five; Virginia E., wife of John I\osgle, 
of Richmond; Samuel Ellis, a farmer of Wayne township, Wayne county;. 
Horace Greeley, a resident of Richmond; and Lizzie M., wife of Henry Shu- 
man Jones, a piano salesman of Richmond. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Garwood 
have been born four children: Nettie M., the eldest, is the wife of Albert 
Kirby, a farmer and dairyman of Hebron, Nebraska, and they have one child, 
Cora Marie; Esther C. is the wife of Henry C. Hill, a real-estate and insur- 
ance agent of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and they have a son, Eugene G. ; 
Josephine S. is the wife of Frederick R. Charles, assistant city engineer of 
Richmond; Eugene C. , the youngest, is with his brother-in-law, in the firm 
of Hill & Garwood, at Minneapolis. 

In his political views Mr. Garwood is a Republican, and he served on 
the election board for some years. He cast his first presidential vote for 
Fremont, in 1856, and has since supported each presidential candidate for 
the " Grand Old Party," yet is not aggressively partisan either in politics or 
religion. His ancestors were Friends, who when the church separated 
became Hicksites. His wife is a member of that organization, and both Mr. 



284 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

and Mrs. Garwood attend services in that church. Throughout the com- 
munity they are held in the highest regard, for their sterhng characteristics 
commend them to the confidence and good will of all. Success has crowned 
the well-directed and enterprising efforts of our subject, and it is the wish of 
his many friends that the master of Forest Home may be numbered among 
the valued citizens of Wayne county for many years yet to come. 

NOAH H. HUTTON. 

Noah H. Hutton, the manager of the Central Union Telephone Com- 
pany, ranks to-day among the most successful and leading business men o^ 
Richmond. He is a native of this city, almost his entire life has here been 
passed, and his advancment has been along the lines of the city's growth, 
due to progressive, resolute purpose and laudable ambition. 

He was born August 29, 1844, and is a son of John H. and Anna (Evans) 
Hutton. He acquired his education in private schools, and putting aside his 
text-books at the age of seventeen years entered upon his business career as 
an employe of Gaar, Scott & Company, learning the machinist's trade. He 
remained there for a year, but in the meantime the country had become 
involved in civil war and he could not content himself at the foundry while 
the nation needed the support of all her loyal sons. Accordingly he put aside 
all business and personal considerations, and joined the boys in blue of Com- 
pany C, Eighth Indiana Infantry, in 1862. 

In 1864 Mr. Hutton returned to the north and accepted a clerkship in 
the postoffice department at Washington, D. C. , continuing in that service 
until the early part of 1866, when, on account of ill health, he was forced to 
resign. He was then for a time engaged in no business, and, when his health 
was partially restored, turned his attention to cotton-growing in the south, 
where he remained for a year. In 1867 he became associated with his father 
in the manufacture of woolen hosiery, which business they successfully car- 
ried on until the father's death, when the concern was closed out. Mr. Hut- 
ton was ne.xt employed as postal clerk in the United States mail service for 
nine years, or until President Cleveland's administration, when he resigned 
to accept the management of the Central Union Telephone Company, which 
position he has since acceptably filled. He is also representative of a num- 
ber of fire-insurance companies, having been in this line of business for eight 
years as a member of the firm of Hutton & Dougan, by whom a large and 
profitable patronage is enjoyed. He has eighteen towns, besides Richmond, 
under his supervision as manager of the Central Union Telephone Company, 
and is justly regarded as one of the most progressive and enterprising business 
men of this city. 

In 1879 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Hutton and Miss Anna 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 285 

Wilcox, a daughter of Emmett W. and Martha Wilcox, of Richmond. They 
had two children, but lost one, Emmett being still at home. Mr. Hutton is 
a valued member of Sol. Meredith Post, No. 55, G. A. R., and formerly 
served as its commander. In politics he is a stalwart Republican and takes 
an active part in the party work, although not an office-seeker. He keeps 
well informed on the issues of the day, both political and otherwise, and at 
all times has manifested a commendable interest in everything pertaining to 
the welfare and advancement of the city of his nativity. He is a man of 
genial temperament and genuine worth,- and is popular and respected in all 
circles. 

AMOS M. SHEAFER. 

Mr. Sheafer is a native of the neighboring state of Ohio and was born 
near the town of Eaton, in Preble county, March 3, 1S31. The Sheafer 
family is of German origin and became identified with this country several 
generations ago, the first location being in Pennsylvania. The mother of our 
subject was a Douglas, of Scotch descent. In his early manhood, in Preble 
county, Mr. Sheafer served an apprenticeship to the trade of millwright, and 
has worked at that and the carpenter's trade all his life. When the civil 
war came on he enlisted as a member of the Fifty-fourth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry and was in the service three years, participating in many of the 
prominent engagements of the war. This regiment entered the service thir- 
teen hundred strong and came out at the close of the conflict with less than 
three hundred; was with Sherman's brigade at Shiloh, where it was conspic- 
uous for gallant service rendered. Throughout the whole of his arm}- life 
Mr. Sheafer was never sick a day and was never absent from his command. 
His record before and since the war has, indeed, been remarkable, as he has 
never been sick in bed a week in his life. Mr. Sheafer is a member of Devall 
Post, G. A. R., and has been a life-long Republican. 

In 1875 Mr. Sheafer came to Liberty, Indiana, to install the machinery 
for the Rude Manufacturing Company, and was for two years in the employ 
of that firm. He conducted a planing-mill business, turning out interior 
finishing work, sash, doors, etc., the enterprise being one of importance in 
connection with the industrial activities of the locality. He conducted this 
business from 1887 to 1897, disposing of the same in 1896 to Wilson Poten- 
ger, who continued operations for two years, when he was compelled to 
return the property to the control of Mr. Sheafer, who later sold out to Hull 
& Jones. 

He was married April 15, 1852, to Miss Eliza Robenson, who was born 
and reared in the same neighborhood, in Preble county, in which he was, 
and who was one of his early schoolmates. They have had a family of six 
daughters and one son, namely: Maggie, wife of J. B. Xickum, superin- 



286 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY, 

tendent of the gas works at Liberty; Mary Frances, who married George W. 
Rude, of whom further mention is made on another page of this work; 
Naomi, wife of Henry Culiey, died in Ivansas one year after her marriage; 
Belle, wife of George W. Wray, agent for the Chicago, Hamilton & Dayton 
Railroad, at Oxford, Ohio; Ida, who married Daniel Pooder, a machinist at 
Rude's mill; Anna, at home; and William, a resident of Liberty. Mr. 
Sheafer has three grandchildren. Bertha and Mary Rude and Lida Sheafer, 
who reside with their grandfather. 

CLEOPHAS STRAUB. 

A native of Germany, born seventy years ago, Cleophas Straub, of Cam- 
bridge City, has nevertheless been an American to all intents and purposes, 
during his life, as he was but three weeks old when he was brought to the 
United States by his parents. That worthy couple, Thaddeus and Priscilla 
(Rechster) Straub, who have both passed to their reward, made their first 
home in this country in Columbiana county, Ohio, and in 1835 located in 
Hamilton, same state, there spending the remainder of their lives. 

When he arrived at his majority Cleophas Straub, of this sketch, 
embarked in business in St. Louis, Missouri. In the spring of 1852 hecrossed 
the plains to California, where he was occupied in mining and in other enter- 
prises for several years, with more or less success. In November, 1866, he 
left the Pacific slope, and returned to Hamilton, Ohio, where he carried on 
a grocery and hotel for a short time. About this time he purchased a part 
interest in the Cambridge City Brewery, with Peter Strieker, and at the end 
of a year he bought out the other's share in the plant, thus becoming sole pro- 
prietor. He conducted the business profitably until 1887, when the brewery 
was transformed into bottling works, and has been operated as such ever 
since. 

Fraternally Mr. Straub is a member of Wayne Lodge, No. 17, Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, and belongs to Hormah Encampment, No. 11. 
In 1858 Mr. Straub was united in marriage to Barbara Siegwolf, of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. They have two daughters, — Laura and Cora. The latter is the 
wife of Joseph Starr, of Indianapolis. 

CAPTAIN SILAS DOUGLAS BYRAM. 
This honored veteran of the civil war, now three-score and ten years 
old, is the postmaster of Liberty, county seat of Union county. He ■ was 
first appointed to this position when President Harrison was in power and 
served acceptably to the people, and in May, 1898, he was again honored 
with this office by President McKinley. Always faithful to the welfare and 
best interests of the Republican party, a true patriot and devoted citizen in 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 287 

times both of peace and war, he merits the high regard which is universally 
bestowed upon him. 

The Captain is one of the native sons of Liberty, his birth having 
occurred here September 20, 182S. His father, William Byram, came to 
this locality from New Jersey as early as 18 17, and in company with his 
brother Joseph engaged in the business of manufacturing brick, following 
this trade until 1834, when he settled ort a farm adjoining the village on the 
south. His brother removed to Illinois about 1836. William Byram con- 
tinued to dwell upon his farm here until his death in the Centennial year, 
when he was seventy-six years of age. For eight years he served in the capac- 
ity of county treasurer of Union county, during the '40s, and was zealous as 
an old-line Whig and Republican. A strong temperance man from principle, 
he always refused to have anything to do with liquor, and that at a time 
when its use was common. He was one of the most valued members of the 
Presbyterian church of Libert)', being one of the founders of the same in 
1827, and was influential in the building of the house of worship in 1852. 
For forty years, or until his death, he was one of the elders of the con- 
gregation and set an example of Christian piety well worthy of being followed 
by all. His wife was a Miss Abbie D. Miller at the time of their marriage 
and her death occurred some years prior to his own. Of their three sons 
and two daughters, John Christopher, who served in the Thirty-sixth Indiana 
Regiment in the civil war, died in California; and Ellis is at present a resi- 
dent of Glendale, California. The founder of the Byram family in America was 
Nicholas Byram, of county Kent, Ireland, who was forced to be sold or bound 
out for seven years' service upon his arrival here, to pay for his passage. He 
subsequently married, and his grandson wedded a granddaughter of Priscilla 
Alden, who, in turn, was a child of the famed John Alden, the New England 
Puritan. 

The most important event in the early manhood of Captain Silas D. 
Byram was when he enlisted in the Sixteenth Illinois Infantry as a private in 
Company F, his own state quota being filled at the time. After the battle 
of Bull Run he was assigned to the signal corps, on detached duty, and 
served in that department from August, 1861, to May, 1862. He was mus- 
tered out as a second lieutenant and afterward raised a company, known as 
the Burnside Guards, for the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Regiment, of 
Indiana, called the State Legion. He was actively engaged during the battle 
of Laurenceburg, where nine of his men were killed, chased Kirby Smith, and 
Morgan in his raid into this state, and was otherwise effectively employed 
against the encroachments of the enemy. His army record is one of which 
he may be justly proud, for it is the record of a brave soldier, faithful to the 
least as well as to the greatest of his duties, prompt, reliable and self-sacri- 



288 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ficing. When peace had been restored he quietly took up the ordinary duties 
of life and for ten years was engaged in running a grocery. He then embarked 
in another line of business and was for eighteen years proprietor of the well 
known Central Hotel of this city, now Corrington House. He made a popu- 
lar " mine host " and numbers many warm friends among the traveling pub- 
lic. Since he was made postmaster he has dropped his former business and 
attends strictly to the affairs of the ofBce. Forty years ago he became affil- 
iated with the Masonic order and is still an active member of Liberty Lodge, 
No. 58, F. &A. M. 

Captain Byram was first married, in 1851, to Elizabeth Goodwin, who 
died in 1854, leaving two children. Flora (who married John B. Russell, 
resides in Marysville, Kansas, and has two children, Charley and Lloyd) and 
Charlie (deceased). In 1863 Mr. Byram married Miss Lancetta Harris, 
whom he had met and admired while he was a soldier in Maryland, of which 
state she was a resident. Their eldest daughter, Addie J., has received 
excellent advantages in art and music in European schools and is now the 
wife of Henry Sharp, superintendent of the Cincinnati Ohio Art School; Liz- 
zie died at the age of eleven years; Mary Harris is a clerk in the postoffice 
here at Liberty; Margaret is deputy postmaster; Louise is a musician of abil- 
ity and has enjoyed five years of training in vocal music in Europe; and 
Morris, the only son, is a telegraph operator. 

JAMES L DEHAVEN. 

James Isaac Dehaven, of Connersville township, Fayette county, Indi- 
ana, represents one of the pioneer families of this county. He was born in 
Harrison township, Fayette county, February 17, 1821; hence his whole life 
of nearly four-score years has been passed in this county. 

His father, Isaac Dehaven, was born in Pennsylvania September 11, 
17S9, and was a son of Samuel Dehaven. The latter emigrated with his 
family to Kentucky from Pennsylvania when his son Isaac was a lad. From 
Kentucky the entire family, consisting of Samuel Dehaven, the grandfather 
of the immediate subject of this sketch, and his sons and daughters, came to 
Fayette county in 18 16 and settled in Harrison township. Samuel Dehaven 
had lost his first wife in Kentucky and was the second time married when 
the family came to Indiana. Samuel Dehaven was the father of quite a numer- 
ous family, which included the sons Jacob, Samuel, Jr., Isaac and Christo- 
pher. There were also two other sons, by his first marriage, who joined the 
Mormons and went west with those people and were afterward reported to 
have lost their lives by drowning. There were two daughters, named Polly 
and Sally. There were also two sons and two daughters born to Samuel 
Dehaven, Sr., by his second marriage. The grandfather of the subject of 




(f) Qjyynx^ ^ '^^^^^^Uov^'-t^zy 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 289 

this biography entered land in Harrison township and li\ed there the rest of 
his Hfe. Isaac Dehaven, father of James I., was a soldier in the war of 
1812, as was his brother Jacob. James Isaac has often heard his father tell 
of his experiences in that war, in which he had some narrow escapes and 
thrilling experiences. 

Isaac Dehaven was married in Kentucky, before the emigration, to 
Nancy Stucker, daughter of Jacob Stucker. The latter was born in Ken- 
tucky August II, 1764, and his wife' March 26, 1773. They became the 
parents of eleven children, and Nancy was born January 11, 1792. Isaac 
Dehaven and wife spent all their lives after coming to Indiana in Harrison 
township. He died March 25, 1875, and his wife December 21, 1865. They 
became the parents of the following named children: Elizabeth, William, 
Sally Ann, Jacob, James, Isaac and John H. The last two are the only sur- 
viving members of the family. John H. resides in Harrison township. 

James Isaac Dehaven grew up, as he says, " in the brush." He had no 
.opportunities for getting even the common rudiments of an education. He 
lived at home till he was married. The writer was highly amused to hear 
him relate some of his experiences when a boy. When too young to take 
part in the clearing up of the land and other heavier work, other duties were 
required of him such as a boy could attend to. The brush in the early days 
was exceedingly thick, and the cattle in browsing through it in " flj- time " 
would often get their tails so wound around the brush that they would be 
held fast and totally unable to extricate themselves, and were liable to perish 
unless relief was afforded them. One of the duties of our subject as a boy 
was to follow the cattle and when one became entangled cut it loose. It was 
a proud day for him when his father purchased a knife for which he paid two 
dollars and presented the same to the boy, to use in freeing the cattle that 
might become entangled by their tails in the thick brush. His boyhood and 
youth were spent at the homestead of his father in Harrison township. 

May II, 1844, he was united in marriage to Eliza Ann Hamilton, a 
daughter of Nathaniel Hamilton. He remained at home for a short time 
after his marriage and then removed to a piece of land at Yankeetown; but in 
1846 he settled where he now lives, on section 22, Ctnnersville township, and 
this has been his home for fifty-four years. He and his wife started in 
life with nothing but good health and a willingness to work tn build for them- 
selves a home. Only very little improvement had been made on the place. 
Their first residence was a round-log house, made- of poles and daubed with 
mud. Their cooking outfit was a skillet and an old-fashioned iron oven for 
baking " corn pone." Mr. Dehaven has still in his possession this little iron 
oven, a memento of the early days when he and his good wife started in life 
together. The first lard-can that the young couple possessed Mr. Dehaven dug 



■290 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

out of a poplar log. This the good wife would also use for other purposes. Fin- 
ally, after a few years, his father-in-law, who lived near him, substituted for his 
log house one made of brick, and Mr. Dehaven was permitted to remove the 
logs of the old house to his place and reconstruct a house for himself, and 
this was the second residence of Mr. and Mrs. Dehaven. His present resi- 
dence was built many years ago. Mr. and Mrs. Dehaven, by hard work and 
careful management, made good progress in material affairs, and children to 
the number of nine were given to them. Six of these are living, in 1S99, 
namely: Lucinda, Flora, Minnie, Mary Myrtle, Elbert and John. The 
other three died in infancy. Mr. Dehaven lost his wife February 3, 1S93, 
after a long illness. 

In the accumulation of his property — a fine farm of two hundred acres 
— and all the success he has attained in life, Mr. Dehaven admits that much 
of it is due to his wife's judgment and advice. He always consulted her in 
matters of business and generally followed her advice. He is now passing 
his declining years in comfort, respected as an honest, upright citizen. 

LARKIN HOOVER. 

One of the historic old families of Wayne county is that which is repre- 
sented in Clay township by the third and fourth generations, descendants of 
Henry Hoover, who, in the year 1S12, located on a tract of land which is 
now in the possession of the subject of this article. This old homestead, 
which was given under patent by the government, has thus been owned and 
cultivated by the Hoovers since the early part of this century. The original 
parchment deed to the property, bearing date of February 15, 1812, and 
having the signature of James Madison, president of the United States, is 
now in the possession of Larkin Hoover. Here his grandparents lived and 
died, and here his father, John Hoover, was born, October 28, 18 16, and 
died August 26, i88r, when nearly si.\ty-five years of age. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Catherine Wise, was likewise a native of Wayne county, 
and her death took place in 1864. Of their eleven children, three sons and 
three daughters are living. Milton, the eldest, now owns and carries on a 
portion of the old paternal homestead, which he received as his inheritance. 
He was born November 26, 1841, and served in the war of the Rebellion as 
a member of Company C, Ninth Indiana Cavalry. His first wife, whom he 
married in 1867, died in 1883, leaving a son, Sidney. His present wife was 
formerly Sarah Goddard, a native of Charlottesville, Indiana, and they have 
one son, Guy. 

Larkin Hoover, the youngest child of John and Catherine Hoover, was 
born on the old homestead, in 1S60, and has always devoted his entire time 
and attention to its cultivation. He is considered one of the substantial and 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 291 

progressive agriculturists of this community, and enjoys the esteem of all 
who know him. He strives to act the part of a good citizen, and casts his 
influence on the side of the truth and right. 

In November, 1892, Mr. Hoover married Miss Clara Poland, a daughter 
of Jacob Stanley and Mary Louisa (Brown) Poland, and granddaughter of 
Elisha Brown, one of the oldest citizens of Wayne county. Mrs. Hoover's 
parents are now residents of Kansas, whither they removed several years ago. 
By the marriage of our subject and wife a beautiful little daughter, Ruth 
Marie, was born in August, 1893. 

* MICAJAH B. BALLARD. 

It is not infrequently the case that the narrative of a good man's life can 
be summed up in a few lines, for the story is so simple, plain and devoid of 
great events. The same life, however, as it has been lived, day by day, that 
has been an example and shining light in a community, has been an incentive 
to many a lesser soul, doubtless; and only those who have the wisdom to 
read between the lines of such a man's history judge him aright. 

The subject of this memoir, a quiet, unassuming citizen of Richmond, 
and for thirty-three years one of her leading business men, is held in the 
highest esteem here, as he richly deserves. Now in his seventy-third year, 
he was born in the neighborhood of Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio, August 
7, 1S26, a son of Thomas and Sarah (Lewis) Ballard, and grandson of Byram 
Ballard. The latter was a native and life-long resident of Lynchburg, Vir- 
ginia, in which city our subject's father likewise was born. Thomas Ballard 
married Miss Lewis, of Prederick, Virginia, and in 1819, they located in the 
wilderness of Highland county, Ohio, at some distance from the town of 
Leesburg. Later they removed to the vicinity of Lebanon, Ohio, where 
they resided until 1847, subsequent to which they dwelt in Richmond. Indi- 
ana. The father died the year after his arrival here, but the mother lived 
until 1862. The former had learned the trade of a stone mason, but devoted 
much of his later years exclusively to farming. In religion he was a member 
of the Society of Friends, as had been his forefathers for generations. 

Until he was about fifteen years of age, Micajah B. Ballard attended 
the district schools in his home township, and in 1841 he came to Richmond, 
where he became a clerk in the store owned by his elder brother, Achilles. 
Having determined to enter the medical profession, he took up the study 
under the guidance of the late John T. Plummer, M. D., of Richmond, and 
from 1849 to 1850 he attended lectures in a medical college at Cincinnati. 
In 1854 he entered the employ of Plummer & Kelly, druggists, and continued 
with that firm until the summer of 1864. He enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany H, One Hundred and Fortieth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, in July, 



292 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

1864, and in the following October, was made assistant surgeon of that regi- 
ment. He remained in active service as a surgeon until the close of the war, 
when he returned to Richmond. In 1866 he embarked in the drug business 
on his own account, and for twenty-seven years his store was on Fort Wayne 
avenue. In 1893 he removed his place of business to his present tine quar- 
ters at No. 1 03 1 East Main street. 

In his political standing Mr. Ballard is a stalwart Republican. Socially 
he is identified with Webb Lodge, No. 24, Free and Accepted Masons; King 
Solomon's Chapter, No. 4, Royal Arch Masons; and Richmond Commandery, 
No. 8, Knights Templar. In October, 1866, Mr. Ballard wedded tl^e lady 
of his choice, then Miss Nannie Snyder, of Eaton, Ohio. Their only child, 
Fannie, a beautiful. and attractive girl, died in 188S, at the age of twenty 
years. Mrs. Ballard devotes much of her time to benevolent work, and is a 
great favorite in social and literary circles of Richmond. 

PROFESSOR B. B. CUSTER. 

Few men have a wider acquaintanceship and few have provided more 
happy hours to their fellow men than has Professor Custer, now a resident 
of Centerville, Indiana. His almost innumerable friends and pupils, now 
living in every state in the union and in distant lands, remember him most 
kindly, and will trace his life history with deep interest. 

John T. Custer, the father of this worthy gentleman, was a cousin of the 
renowned General Custer, whose intrepid daring and impetuosity of action 
led to his untimely and greatly lamented death at the hands of the Indians 
in the west many years ago. The present spelling of the family name has 
been in use only since 1821, at which time it was changed from its original 
form of Kooster by a Kentucky relative of our subject. As the name implies, 
the Ousters are of German extraction, though they have been established in 
this country for a long period. John T. Custer was born in Paris, Kentucky, 
and his wife, whose maiden name was Eliza A. Berry, was a native of Con- 
nersville, Indiana. The father, who was a tailor by trade, died in 1873, 
when in his seventy-fourth year, and the mother departed this life in 1856, 
at the age of forty-three years. Of their ten children but three are now 
living — our subject, Elizabeth Ann. wife of John McKendall, and Mahala 
Ann, wife of John W. Bell. 

The birth of Professor Custer took place in Connersville, May 7, 1S25, 
and thus he may justly lay claim to the distinction of being one of the oldest, 
if not the oldest, surviving member of his especial profession in the country. 
From his boyhood he was noted for his ambition to rise above his humble 
station, and for the talents which he displayed at an early age. He was 
passionately fond of music, and frequently was found, a rapt and enthusiastic 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. . 293 

listener, outside some building in which musical entertainments were being 
given. At one time, when thus occupied, J. C. Moon, a teacher of music, 
noticing the lad, asked him why he remained outside, and upon being 
informed of the fact that the limited means of the child alone prevented him 
from having instructions in his favorite art, the elder made arrangements to 
give him lessons, in return for the building of fires and other small duties. 
The natural timidity of the boy, however, hindered him at that period from 
obtaining much benefit. By sawing wood, and in various ways, he earned 
money at odd times, when not needed by his father, and having purchased a 
banjo, he learned to play it by ear so well that he thereafter was in great 
demand at social gatherings and entertainments. Finding the need of sys- 
tematic knowledge of music, the youth took a few lessons of Professor Jerry 
Gill, of Eaton, Ohio, and continued to devote the greater share of his time 
to the mastery of the violin and other stringed instruments. The justly 
celebrated violin which has been in his possession for many years fell into 
his hands in a peculiar manner. When he had acquired proficiency on the 
banjo, as stated above, he determined to learn to play the violin, and one 
day, seeing such an instrument in a pawn-shop, he rested not until he was 
the proud owner of it. The fifteen dollars necessary to procure it were 
earned by the sawing of wood, and it was no small sum to the ambitious boy 
whose surprise and delight may be imagined when he found that he had won 
a treasure indeed. This rare old violin, which came from the hand of a 
master in the craft, is two hundred and thirty-five years old and cost the 
original owner six hundred dollars. Even more sweet and pure in tone than 
when first made, it bears the inscription " A Cremone Dominique. Didelot." 
The Professor and his treasured violin have furnished music for mapy notable 
gatherings, among others, at a club reception giving at Bloomington, Illinois, 
in 1S59, to Abraham Lincoln. From 1865 to 1875 he was engaged in giving 
dancing and violin lessons at Cambridge City, Anderson and Muncie, Indi- 
ana, and from the year las tmentioned until 1898 he was similarly occupied 
at Richmond, this state. He has instructed sixty-five thousand, four hundred 
and forty-three pupils in Indiana alone, and has won renown as a composer 
of music besides. In iSSg he compiled what is entitled " Fifty Years in the 
Ball-room," — a large selection of his own dance music, as taught and used 
by him with the more than seventy-five thousand pupils he has instructed 
in the past. Genial ^nd cheerful in manner and disposition, he has always 
been a general favorite, and wherever he has gone care and trouble have 
been dissipated. For almost half a centurj' he has been a member of the 
Masonic order, as he joined the Cambridge City Lodge, No. 5, F. & A. M., 
in 1859. 

The first marriage of the Professor was celebrated in 1851, his bride 



294 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

being Miss Sallie Sampson, a daughter of Joseph Sampson, of Cincinnati. 
Five children were born to this estimable couple, namely: Emma, who is 
deceased; Clara, wife of F. C. Baker, of California; Dora, wife of John St. 
Clair, of Portland, Oregon; Frank, who died February 7, 1S99, in St. Louis, 
Missouri; and Flenner, of Chicago. The wife and mother departed this 
life in 1868, and in 1S74 Mr. Custer married Mary, daughter of Lucius 
Tuttle, of Centerville. 

RICHMOND MOORMAN. 

This honored citizen of Richmond, Indiana, is one of the sturd}- pioneers 
of this county and state, where in his early manhood he cleared and 
improved several farms, thus aiding materially in the development and prog- 
ress of this commonwealth. He has ever been found loyal to the cause of 
right and truth, his influence being used for the good and well-being of 
those associated with him in any way. 

Richmond Moorman is a son of Tarlton and Hannah (Way) Moorman, 
both of whom were natives of North Carolina. He was born in Randolph 
county, that state, on the 12th day of the 9th month, of 18 17, and was but 
three days old when his mother died. In March, 1S22, the family removed 
to Randolph county, Indiana, locating on land about four miles west of Win- 
chester. Our subject lived with his paternal grandmother for a period, 
attending a subscription school in the meantime. Then, returning to the 
paternal roof, he worked on the farm and went to subscription schools dur- 
ing three months of the year, for a number of years. He also learned the 
carpenter's trade under the instruction of his uncle, Jesse Moorman, and 
worked at that line of business at intervals. Soon after his marriage, in 1839, 
he purchased a tract of land in Randolph county, and, having made a small 
clearing in the dense forest with which it was encumbered, he erected a log 
cabin and barn. During the following twenty years he worked industriously, 
from morning until night, clearing and cultivating the farm, which at the end 
of the period was a valuable country home. In 1859 he located upon a farm 
about three miles northeast of Fountain City, in this county, and at the 
expiration of three years' time he bought a homestead of one hundred and 
eighty-three acres in the same locality. Tliis property he improved and 
cultivated for a score of years, then retiring from active labor, with the feel- 
ing that he had earned a rest, as indeed he had, after nearly half a century of 
the hardest kind of toil. Taking up his residence in Fountain City, he con- 
tinued to dwell there until after the death of his loved wife. Since 1894 he 
has lived in Richmond, where several of his children reside. He still owns a 
number of valuable farms, one in Franklin township, comprising one hun- 
dred and sixty acres; one situated northeast of Fountain City, containing one 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 295 

hundred and thirt}' acres; another, north of the same town, having one 
hundred and eighty acres within its boundaries, and besides these, he is the 
possessor of a homestead in Jay county, Indiana, and owns property in Foun- 
tain City. This land represents, in part, the resuUs of Mr. Moorman's active, 
economical, thrifty business Hfe. For years he was a stockraiser, dealing 
e.xtensively in cattle and hogs, and in this manner he made considerable 
mone}-. 

A birthright member of the Friends' church, Mr. Moorman continued an 
active and zealous member until the division on the slavery question, when, 
possessing the courage of his convictions, and believing that he was in the 
right, he openly avowed his opinions, and, with many others prominent in 
the society, he was proscribed. When the issue was past and the matter had 
been forever settled on the battlefields of the south, Mr. Moorman was taken 
back into the fold, and has continued a loyal worker in the church, contribu- 
ting liberally and supporting various religious and benevolent movements, 
having as objects the amelioration of human suffering and the elevation of 
the race. Prior to the civil war he was a Democrat, then an Abolitionist 
and Republican, and of late years he has been independent, voting for the 
man that he deemed best qualified for a given position. 

In the third month of 1S39 the marriage of Mr. Moorman and Mary 
Morris was solemnized. She was a daughter of Jehosophat and Sarah (Hill) 
Morris, of Dublin, 'Wayne county. Of the eight children born to our subject 
and wife the following named are residents of Richmond: Harriet, Sarah, 
Peninnah, Nancy and Mary Alice, while Levi is a farmer in the vicinity of 
the town. James, the eldest son, is superintendent of an orphans' home near 
Winchester, Indiana, and Joel, the youngest son, is a successful contractor 
and builder of Irvington, this state. Sarah, the second daughter, has been a 
clerk in the Richmond postoffice for many years, and is very popular with 
the public. The devoted wife and mother was summoned to her reward 
November 22, 1893, when she was in her seventy-sixth year. To their chil- 
dren Mr. and Mrs. Moorman leave a priceless heritage — the record of well 
spent, useful lives. 

ALLEN W. LEWIS. 

A year before the celebrated battle of Tippecanoe, and two years or so 
prior to the outbreak of the second war between the people of this country 
and England, a little party might have been seen crossing the Ohio river, on 
their way to found a new home on the western frontier. The date of this 
event in their long and e.xtremely difficult journey was remembered, as it was 
the first anniversary of the birth of the youngest member of the travelers, 
Allen W. Lewis, who had been born in Randolph county. North Carolina, 
June 14, 1 8c©. The summer of 18 10 was spent by his family in Cincinnati, 



290 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Ohio, and in tiie autumn of that year the)' proceeded to Wayne county, 
Indiana, and became the first settlers of what is now known as Green town- 
ship. 

The Lewis family is of Welsh-English extraction, and as the old tradi- 
tions have it, was founded in the United States during the colonial days by 
several brothers, one of whom settled in North Carolina, and from him the 
subject of this narrative descended. He was the youngest of twelve chil- 
dren born to John and Sarah (Roukman) Lewis. One of the elder sons, 
Richard, who was married and had several children, accompanied the parents 
when they came to this township, the two families locating near each other. 
An unbroken forest covered this section, and Indians and wild beasts were 
numerous. During the fearful wars waged between the red men and the white 
settlers about the time of the war of 1812, when Tecumseh and his brother, 
called the Prophet, tried in vain to turn the tide of the Anglo-Saxon civiliza- 
tion which threatened their rights, the Lewis family seemed peculiarly 
exempt from molestation. They had always treated the Indians kindly and 
received similar treatment in return. Indeed, some of the red men who 
lived in the neighborhood of John Lewis went to him and requested him to 
wear a broad-brimmed hat, which, they said, would insure him protection 
from their race, and it is needless to say that he lost no time in agreeing to 
do as they advised. 

The land upon which he located, and where he ultimately developed an 
excellent farm, is still in possession of his descendants, as is the original 
deed thereto, as issued by the government and signed by President James 
Madison, under date of May 27, 1S16. The land is thus described: "The 
northeast quarter of section 7, township 17, range 14 east of the second 
principal meridian." Another government deed to land owned by John 
Lewis is thus described: "The southwest quarter of section 8, township 17, 
range 14 east of the second principal meridian." This deed is dated February 
21, 1 8 17, and bears the signature of Madison, who was still president at that 
time. After he had accomplished more than the ordinary man, twice told, 
Jolin Lewis was summoned to his reward, at the old homestead which had 
been his abiding place for many long years. His death occurred on the 4th 
of May, 1S48, and that of his wife had taken place but a few months before, 
September 20, 1847. 

The old homestead which he had ably assisted in clearing and improving 
was inherited by Allen W. Lewis, who remembered no other home. He 
tenderly cared for his parents during their declining years, performing his 
entire duty toward them, as he al^vays did to every one who, in any wise, 
looked to him for help or protection. He was domestic in his tastes, and he 
had no greater pleasure than to make his home beautiful or to improve his 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 297 

property in some manner. Generous and hospitable to a fault, he loved to 
entertain friends and neighbors, and the poor and needy found him kind and 
sympathetic. In all of his business dealings, his course in life was remark- 
ably upright and just, and no one had reason to complain of him in this 
respect. Blessed with a liberal vein of humor, he looked upon the bright 
and happy side of things, and brought cheer wherever he went. Loved and 
sincerely mourned by the entire community, he entered the silent land Feb- 
ruary 13, 1895. 

The marriage of Allen W. Lewis and Miss Lucy T. Hollingswortli was 
solemnized May 23, 1839. She was born in Union district, South Carolina, 
January 31, 18 17, a daughter of Aquilla and Tamer (Kenworthy) Hol- 
lingsworth. The father died when she was about eleven j'ears old, and in 
1S29 she came to Wayne county with her mother. Two sons and six daugh- 
ters were born to Allen W. Lewis and his estimable wife: John died in 
infancy and Frances H. when about five years of age; Nancy married Larkin 
T. Bond; Naomi is the wife of Benjamin Beverlin; Rebecca is Mrs. John 
Milton Harris; Sarah is the next in order of birth; William A. married Ella 
C. Edwards; and Luzena Medora is the wife of William H. Jones. The 
aged mother is passing her declining days on the old homestead, which was 
bequeathed to herself and daughter Sarah by Mr. Lewis, and everything that 
affection can suggest is done for her by her children, and especially by Miss 
Sarah, who is devoting herself, with filial tenderness, to the duty, which she 
esteems a pleasure, of caring for her beloved companion. 

JOHN W. TINGLE. 

A most exemplary citizen and honored hero of the late war of the Rebel- 
lion is John W. Tingle, of Richmond, Wayne county, Indiana. During his 
army career he was wounded and imprisoned, and suffered much from priva- 
tions and exposure, yet was always found faithful to the duties imposed upon 
him, and won the confidence and high regard of his comrades and superior 
officers. In his business life and social relations he has ever manifested the 
same justice, integrity and reliability, and none know him save to wish him well. 

His grandfather, James Tingle, was a native of Delaware, and in that 
state he married Leah Lockwood. With his family, including the father of 
the subject of this article, he came as far west as Preble county, Ohio, in 
1S28, and settled on a farm near Eaton. In addition to managing his home- 
stead, he worked at the trade of shoemaking for his neighbors. He died in 
that county in 1848, at the age of eighty-four years. , 

The parents of John W. were Samuel L. and Clarissa (Williams) Tingle. 
The father was born in Delaware and accompanied the family to Ohio. He 
was a carpenter and builder by trade, and worked at that calling in Eaton 



298 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

and vicinity from the time he was twenty-one years old until his death in 
1869, when he was in his sixty-second year. Considering the place and 
period he was quite successful, and many buildings yet stand in evidence of 
his skill. By his first marriage he had four children, John W. , Anna M., of 
Richmond, and William E. and Fannie, deceased. In 1851 Mr. Tingle 
married Rachel M. Dopp, a native of Pennsylvania, and she is still living at 
her old home in Eaton. To this union two children were born, Charles S., 
of Colorado, and Mary S., of Eaton. 

The birth of John W. Tingle occurred in Eaton, Ohio, October 31, 1S3S, 
and in 1855 he was graduated from the high school of that town. With his 
father he learned the carpenter's trade, and completed his knowledge in 
Dayton, Ohio. On the i6th of June, 1S62, he enlisted in Company G, 
Ninety-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry, at Eaton, and served until October 
29, 1864, when he was honorably discharged, at Cincinnati, Onio, on 
account of a gunshot wound in the left knee, said injury having been received 
at the famous battle of Chickamauga. He was sergeant of his company, and 
on January i, 1863, at the battle of Stone river, he was taken captive by the 
Confederates, who incarcerated him in Libby prison. Very fortunately for 
him he remained in that dreaded place but sixteen days, then being exchanged. 
On account of his wound he was sent to General Willett's headquarters, and 
later was given his discharge. 

Returning to his birthplace, Mr. Tingle was superintendent of the 
county infirmary for two years, and in 1868 came to Richmond, where he 
has since dwelt. For a few years he was occupied in contracting and build- 
ing and succeeded in his undertakings. Subsequently he served on the police 
force several years, and in April, 1888, he was elected trustee of \\"ayne 
township. In that capacity he acted for seven years and four months, 
retiring in 1895, to be succeeded by George Bishop, the present incumbent. 
He has always maintained great interest in the success of the Republican 
party, and during the past ten years or more has frequently been delegated 
to attend district, county and state conventions of the party. 

Twice he has been commander of Solomon Meredith Pest, No. 55, G. 
A. R., and has been junior and senior vice-commander of the state of 
Indiana, and for years has attended all the state and national conventions. 
Besides, he belongs to the Patriotic Order Sons of America. In the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows he stands very high, having belonged to Rich- 
mond Lodge, No. 254, for twenty-seven years, to the grand lodge of the 
state for seventeen years, and to the grand encampment nine years. Many 
times he has represented his lodge in the grand lodge of the state at Indian- 
apolis, and he is a member of Oriental Encampment, No. 28. 

In 1898, Mr. Tingle and Perry T. Williams became associated in busi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 209' 

ness, designing and dealing in artistic monuments. Their office is at the 
corner of Fifth and Main streets, and while Mr. Tingle has charge there and 
attends to the accounts, Mr. Williams attends to outside sales and does the 
designing. They are building up a good business and deserve to succeed in 
their new enterprise. 

The marriage of John W. Tingle and Miss Mary Early was celebrated 
in West Alexandria, Ohio, in i860. They have four children, namely: 
Charles R., who is assistant trustee of this township; Frank E., a machinist 
of Connersville; Samuel L. , of Richmond; and Mrs. Estella Ault, also of 
this place. Mr. and Mrs. Tingle are members of the Fifth Street Methodist 
Episcopal church, the former being a trustee in the congregation. 

ANDREW D. HAWLEY, M. D. 

Half a century of self-denying labor in the service of suffering humanity, 
— this, in brief, is the summing-up of the life of this beloved and venerable 
physician of College Corner, Union county. But who can fully comprehend 
what it means, and how many of the present generation, especially, realize 
what it meant to be a pioneer physician, riding, here and there, far and near, 
in ail kinds of weather, without regard to self, — to his own health or wishes, 
— his sole thought being for others ? In these days of splendid pikes and 
well kept roads, who recalls the dreadful, muddy pitfalls and pathways that 
served the pioneers as highways.' Yet, surely, no one has more occasion to 
remember them than the "doctor of the old school," who, on his patient, plod- 
ding horse, traversed them on many a dark, starless, stormy night, courage- 
ously bearing comfort and cheer to the distant patient. 

Dr. HawJey was born in Warren county, Ohio, July 23, 1823, a son of 
Joel and Mary (Dill) Hawley. The father was a native of Connecticut, and 
was an early settler in Ohio, where he was married, his wife having removed 
to that state from New York, her birthplace. In 1837 the family removed to 
Clermont county, Ohio, and our subject continued to live at home until he 
arrived at his majority. In 1844 he took up the study of medicine with his 
brother, Dr. Albert Hawley, of Preble county, Ohio, and in 1847 pursued a 
course of lectures in the Ohio Medical College, at Cincinnati, being graduated 
in the class of 1848. When he had completed his college course, he had but 
twelve dollars, and little knew how he could make a start in his chosen work. 
He bravely set out on the search for a good point at which to locate, and, 
having traveled on horseback as far as Braffetsville, he stopped for the njght, 
and it so happened that he found his first patient there. He concluded to 
stay for a short time, and it was fully two years ere he finally withdrew from 
the large patronage which had grown up in that vicinity. 

In 185 1 became to College Corner, having purchased the practice of 



300 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the late Dr. Huston, a lifelong and highly esteemed practitioner here, who 
was about to retire. At that time there were three other doctors here, and 
sometimes there have been six or seven here since, but none of them have 
stayed more than ten years, and Dr. Hawley has been the one permanent, 
reliable, ever ready family physician. The cholera epidemic of 1849 severely 
taxed the young man, for he had more than double duty. He was then eight 
miles from Eaton, where his brother and uncle "were practicing, and when 
both of them were laid low with the dread disease he not only attended. them, 
but took care of their patients. For one whole week he had no sleep what- 
ever, and was in the saddle much of the time, riding from one patient to the 
next one, and keeping three horses, for less would have been unequal to the 
tasks imposed upon them. Within half an hour after being smitten with the 
cholera the patients would be in almost deathly collapse, and often, when the 
Doctor had succeeded in placing them on the road to recovery, the news of 
the death of a relative or dear one would undo his work and so unnerve them 
that death would finally triumph. The village of New Boston, a place of 
about one hundred persons, was completely wiped out by the pestilence. 
During the civil war the Doctor not only aided materially in the raising of 
funds for keeping the quota of this county filled, but gave his services free to 
many of the families of soldiers who were away fighting for the country. 

Nearly thirty years ago Drs. Hawley, Trmiley (of Brownsville), Morris 
(of Liberty), Porter, Sanders and Hill (of Oxford) met in the little office of 
our subject and organized the Ohio District Medical Association, which has 
since grown to wonderful proportions, and now numbers over one hundred 
members, of whom no one is more honored than Dr. Hawley, who has 
retained his connection with it all these years. He is a Republican, and was 
an old-line Whig, but has never cared to take a very active part in politics. 
Though reared under Methodist influences, he joined the United Presbyterian 
church, about 1851, and has since been a valued member. 

The marriage of Dr. Hawley and Miss Phcebe A. Webster was solem- 
nized in 1 85 1, in Richmond, Indiana. Mrs. Hawley, whose birth occurred in 
Pennsylvania, is still living, and has been a most faithful helpmate to her 
husband. Two of their four manly, noble sons have entered the silent land. 
Marcellus M., the eldest born, a farmer of this county, died when in his 
twenty-ninth year. Laurence, a traveling salesman, died of tuberculosis, at 
the age of twenty-five years. Charles Franklin is engaged in farming in 
Preble county, Ohio; and William H., a graduate of the Indiana University, 
at Bloomington, and of the Miami Medical College, in Cincinnati, has suc- 
ceeded his father in practice, and is making a great success of his chosen pro- 
fession. With regard to his sons our subject displayed great wisdom, for 
when they were growing to maturity he bought some farm land and had 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 301 

them become familiar with the various departments of agriculture. He then 
allowed each one to choose whether he would be a farmer and settle on the 
homestead, which he would give him, or, instead, pursue a college course and 
enter a profession. The record of a noble life is a man's best monument, 
and no words of eulogj- can add luster to the name of Andrew D. Hawlej'. 

ALLYN S. DEETER. 

The record of an honorable, upright life is ahvaj's read with interest, 
and it better perpetuates the name and fame of the subject than does a mon- 
ument, seen by few and soon crumbling into dust beneath the relentless hand 
of time. Those who have fought and suffered for the state and country in 
which their lot is cast are especially deserving of an honored place in all its 
annals, and their posterity will turn with just pride to these records of the 
founders and preservers of a prosperous, united nation. 

Born in Miami county, Ohio, September ii, 1843, Allyn S. Deeter, of 
Jefferson township, Wayne county, is a son of John and Mary Deeter. The 
father, who was a native of Pennsylvania, accompanied his parents to Ohio 
when he was about five years of age, and there grew to manhood. He died 
on Christmas day, 1893, in Delaware county, Indiana, having survived our 
subject's mother some forty-five years. 

The most important event in the life of our subject prior to the nine- 
teenth anniversary of his birth occurred when, on the 4th of August, 1S62, 
he enlisted, at Cincinnati, Ohio, in the United States Navy. He was assigned 
to the gunboat Tyler, under Commodore Porter, and in the following Novem- 
ber took part in the siege- of Haines' Bluff, on the Yazoo river. The gun- 
boat, which did effective service at many important points along the Missis- 
sippi river and tributaries, was one of the Union fleet to whose timely appear- 
ance our army was indebted on many an occasion to preservation from almost 
certain destruction by the superior forces of the enemy. In the great siege 
of Vicksburg the Tyler took an active part and shares in the honor of victory, 
and at the siege of Helena, Arkansas, she was called upon and nobly did her 
part in securing the important triumph there of the federal forces, who might 
have been worsted without the aid of the gunboats, as the Confederate army, 
under General Price, largely outnumbered them. In honor of the victory 
which they had been so largely instrumental in gaining, all on board the 
Tyler were allowed to land and spend a few hours on shore, this being 
regarded as a great event, as only once before, in the almost twelve months 
of their service on the gunboat, had the men been permitted to leave its nar- 
row limits. Their term of service having nearly expired, the Tyler was then 
ordered to Cairo, where Mr. Deeter and his comrades were received on the 
ship Clara Dolsen and mustered out August 9, 1863. The fleet which 



30-2 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

maneuvered on the Mississippi encountered many dangers peculiarlj' local, 
for it is a well known fact that the channel of the might}' " father of waters " 
is continually changing, and the most experienced pilots are liable, at the 
most inopportune moment, perhaps at a time when a gunboat is in hot pur- 
suit, to run his craft upon a recently formed sand-bar, or ground her upon 
sunken logs and driftwood, which were not there a week before. In the 
midst of the enemies' country, with hostile gunboats and forts at near range, 
and sharpshooters ready to pick off any men on the decks, it may be clearly 
seen that our inland fleet had an unusually difficult place to fill, but its 
importance cannot be overestimated. 

Prior to his enlistment in the service of the Union Mr. Deeter had com- 
menced learning the trade of a miller, and after his return home he continued 
along this line. June 6, 1864, he came to Jefferson township, Wayne county, 
and for thirty years was mterested in the operation of what was formerly 
known as the Protection mill, which was built and owned by Daniel Teeter. 
For years Mr. Teeter was employed to manage the mill, but finally became 
a partner in the enterprise, and now resides upon the old homestead which 
was the property of his wife's father. In his political views he is a stanch 
Republican. 

On the 29th of July, 1864, Allyn S. Deeter married Christina, eldest 
daughter of Daniel Teeter. They have four living children, namely: Cora 
Lee, Clara May, Sarah Catherine and Raymond Allyn. Laura Ellen died 
when in her twelfth year; Addison Tennel died aged five months; Daniel 
Clinton, when seven months old; and another infant son and daughter died 
before receiving names. The family are identified with the .German Baptist 
church, and are held in high regard by a large circle of friends and neighbors. 

ISAAC P. EVANS. 

When a good man dies we pause to reflect upon his career and to con- 
sider the qualities which made him honored and respected by all. No man 
in all Richmond was more esteemed and loved than Isaac P. Evans, whose 
memory is still enshrined in the hearts of all who knew him; the influence of 
his noble example is still felt and like " our echoes " will " roll from soul to 
soul," will live forever and forever. His name was prominent!}' associated 
with the business interests of his city and state, and in educational and 
moral interests his labors were indefatigable, his service ever being put forth 
for the betterment of mankind. 

A native of Warren county, Ohio, Isaac P. Evans was born March i, 
1 82 1, and was a son of Thomas Evans. He spent the first thirty years of 
his life near Waynesville, and in the spring of 1853 took up his residence in 
Richmond, Indiana, at once becoming an active factor in its commercial 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 303 

growth. He assisted in establishing a linseed-oil factory, \\4iich was operated 
for several years under his personal management, and his enterprise, sound 
judgment, sagacity and unflagging energy made this a very profitable under- 
taking, the business constantly increasing. After disposing of his interest 
in the business at Richmond he established a similar enterprise in Indianapo- 
lis, Indiana, wiih his brothers as partners, and continued his connection with 
the business until his death. He was also one of the firm of Evans, Fer- 
guson & Reeve, of Richmond, which firm purchased and reopened the Spring 
Grove oil mill, in 1877, Mr. Evans continuing to serve as its superintendent 
until failing health caused his retirement. He carried forward to successful 
completion whatever he undertook and displayed in his undertakings the best 
business methods. For some years he was a director in the First National 
Bank of Richmond, and his opinions concerning business matters always 
carried weight with all who heard them. His reputation in trade circles was 
unassailable, for he exemplified in his dealings the old adage that honesty is 
the best policy. 

In politics he was a firm and earnest Republican and kept well informed 
on all the issues of the day, but never sought or desired office for himself. 
He took a commendable interest in all public improvements or measures 
whicli he believed would promote the public good and never withheld from 
them his support or co-operation. His was a well rounded character, never 
dwarfed by eccentricity or the concentration of all of his powers along one 
line. Not only was he successful in business, but educational, social and 
moral interests found in him a friend, and he was a most companionable and 
genial gentleman. Twice was he married, his first union being with Anna 
S. Boon, of Philadelphia. In less than two years after their marriage, how- 
ever, she departed this life, and later he wedded Mary Ann Buffum, a native 
of North Brunswick, Maine, born in 1824. She was educated in the Friends' 
boarding school, at Providence, Rhode Island, and subsequently engaged in 
teaching for five years in Earlham boarding school, in Richmond. During 
that time she became acquainted with Mr. Evans and their marriage was the 
consummation of their friendship. Four daughters and one son were born 
to them: Anna B., wife of Leander J. Woodard, of Richmond; Mary M. 
and Sarah C. , who are with their mother. One son and one daughter, who 
died in infancy. 

In his youth Mr. Evans was known as a young man of great mental 
power and physical strength and endurance, and of strict moral character. 
He was also of a social disposition, which made him popular throughout his 
neighborhood. As he advanced in life his high religious principles became 
more and more marked. For many years he was one of the most prominent 
and active members of the Society of Friends and contributed most gener- 



304 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

ously of his means to church and educational work. His charitable dona- 
tions were also very large, yet were always unostentatiously made. The 
poor and needy found in him a friend indeed, one who not only gave gener- 
ously but had the broadest sympathy for their circumstances and for any 
sensitive feelings which they might have about their embarrassed conditions. 
He was always cheerful and happy, taking great interest in the young, enjo}-- 
ing their innocent amusements, and in all ways possible striving to add to 
their happiness, always bearing in mind that he is most happy whose heart 
is right toward God. He was hospitable, and his home was open to man)-, 
and not a few cherish a grateful remembrance of his uniform courtesy and 
kindness as a host. To his family he was all that a loving and devoted hus- 
band and father could be, doing all in his power to promote the happiness of 
his wife and children, and counting no personal sacrifice too great that would 
enhance their welfare. His faith in the Christian religion was illimitable. 
At his funeral J. H. Douglas, who had known him long and intimately, said:' 
" He was truly a man of God, always loyal to Christ and His gospel. He 
was among the first to urge the holding of open-air meetings at the time of 
the Indiana yearly meeting, and never seemed satisfied until he was privi- 
leged to hear the gospel proclaimed to the thousands who assembled in those 
days, and who were wont to go away without hearing the word of life. For 
more than twenty years he stood by me and encouraged me in this open-air 
preaching; and when I would try to excuse mj'self by telling him how great 
an effort it was, and that perhaps I had done my part, he would reply, 'Just 
this once; thy voice can reach so far, and these people must hear the gospel; 
some among them may be converted;' and then that peculiar embrace of his 
so well remembered by so many of the Lord's servants. I could e.xcuse 
myself no further, and thus year after year our dear brother encouraged the 
preaching of the gospel." He passed to the rest prepared for the righteous 
October 2, 1S82. For two years he had been in poor health, but he bore 
his sufferings patiently, upborne by a faith in Him who hath given promise 
of a land where there is neither suffering nor sighing. His widow and 
daughters reside in a pleasant home in Spring Grove, a beautiful little suburb 
of Richmond, and the family is one of prominence in the community, its 
members having the warm regard of all who know them. 

BENJAMIN F. WISSLER. 
The influence of the press upon political opinion cannot be estimated, 
but that it is very great is acknowledged by all. The bright, enterprising 
journal will often do more to arouse thought and feeling than the most care- 
fully prepared addresses or argument, catching by a single witty or well 
worded sentence the attention of a reader, and awakening a train of reason- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 305 

ing which will often produce results that lengthy discussions could not do. 
Among the leading Democratic papers in eastern Indiana is the Sun-Telegram, 
of Richmond, published by the B. F. Wissler Publishing Company, of which 
our subject is president and editor. His keenly analytical mind, his readi- 
ness in noting the most important points, and his strong logical powers have 
combined to make the journal with which he is connected a leading news- 
paper of this locality. 

Mr. Wissler was born in Henry county, Indiana, just across the line 
from Cambridge City, Wayne county, July 30, 1848, his parents being John 
M. and Elizabeth (Herr) Wissler. The family is of- German Swiss lineage, 
the ancestors coming from Switzerland to the United States in the latter part 
of the eighteenth century. They located in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
where Peter Wissler, the grandfather of our subject, was born in 1786. In 
the early part of the present century he came to Wayne county, locating 
near Cambridge City in 1822. There he spent his remaining da}s, his death 
occurring in 1876, when he had reached the advanced age of ninety years. 
Throughout his life he followed the occupation of farming. He was a mem- 
ber of the Mennonite church and lived a quiet, unassuming life, in harmony 
with the doctrines in which he believed. He married Fannie Martin, of 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and to them were born fourteen children, of 
whom John M. Wissler was the tenth in order of birth. 

The father of our subject was born near Cambridge City, in 1S23, :ii:d 
resided there until after his marriage, when he removed to Henry county, 
where he has since made his home. When a young man he learned the 
carpenter's trade, afterward began contracting and building on his own account 
and for many years carried on an e.xtensive and profitable business. In 1S83 
he retired to private life and is now enjoying a well ean;ed rest at his pleas- 
ant home, which is situated on a farm near New Lisbon. He is a consistent 
member of the Brethren in Christ, and his upright life commands the regard 
of all. In 1S47 he married Elizabeth Herr, who is also living. She is a 
daughter of Christian Herr, whose direct ancestors came to America from 
Switzerland prior to the Revolutionary war, locating in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania. The founder of the family in America bore the name of 
Christian Herr. and in Lancaster county he purchased one thousand acres of 
land, on which, with others, he erected an iron furnace; but his partners 
swindled him out of all of his property. Five generations in direct line of 
descent to our subject bore the name of Christian. The grandfather came 
to the west in 1839, locating northwest of Cambridge Citj', where he spent 
the remainder of his life, engaged in farming. He and his family were also 
connected with the Brethren in Christ. Unto John M. and Elizabeth Wifsler 



:306 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY, 

were born five children, but only two are living: Benjamin, of this re\ie\v; 
and Christian P., who resides on the .old homestead, near New Lisbon. 

Benjamin Franklin Wissler was reared near Cambridge City, and was 
educated in the high school and in the Spiceland Academy. Successfully 
passing the state examination in 1884, he received a life certificate, and 
began teaching when eighteen years of age. He followed that profession for 
twenty-six consecutive years in ^^^ayne and Henry counties, with the excep- 
tion of four years spent as county superintendent. He was principal of the 
schools of Hagerstown for three years, from 1SS4 until 1S87, and from 
1887 until 1891 was County superintendent of Wayne county, filling the 
•position for' two terms. During these four years he introduced many 
reforms in school management, some of which have since become distinctive 
features of the state school system. Among these are the provisions for 
free high-school instruction to all the pupils of the country districts who are 
ready for such instruction, the concentration of the small district schools into 
graded township or village schools, and the bi-monthly examination of pupils 
on questions prepared by the state board of education. Wayne county was 
thus the first to put these reforms into effect. For four years, from 1894 
until 1898, he served as assistant postmaster of Richmond, and in both 
offices was a competent and faithful official. 

In 1890 Mr. Wissler purchased The Sun, a weekly paper, of which he 
was editor and proprietor until 1897, when it was combined with the Rich- 
mond Telegram, under the ownership and .management of the B. F. Wissler 
Publishing Company, which was incorporated, with our subject as president 
of the company and editor of the paper. They publish the Richmond Sun- 
Telegram, a weekly journal, and since September, 1896, have issued the 
Daily Sun-Telegram. The former is a six-column, twelve-page paper and 
has a larger circulation than any other weekly in Wayne county. The Tele- 
gram was established in 1862 and is therefore the second oldest paper pub- 
lished in the county. It is also the only one in the county devoted to the 
advocacy of Democratic principles, and the cause of the party finds in it an 
earnest, zealous and able champion. The Daily Sun-Telegram is a six-col- 
umn, eight-page paper, and both give evidence of the high editorial ability 
of Mr. Wissler, whose clear presentation of every question which he treats 
ihas borne marked influence upon his constituency. 

On the 5th of August, 1869, Mr. Wissler married Miss Sylvania Need- 
ier, a daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Needier, of Henry county, Indiana. 
They have seven children:" Clarkson D., who was graduated in the Indiana 
University at Bloomington in 1895, and afterward was assistant in that insti- 
.tntion for a year, but is now professor of experimental psychology in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 807 

Ohio State University at Columbus; Alice Gary, deceased; Cora E., who is 
register clerk in the Richmond postoffice; John E., foreman of the Sun- 
Telegram office; Lizzie O., a student in the high school; and Frank E. and 
Arthur, both at home. 

Mr. Wissler is a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity, and as a 
citizen he is public-spirited and progressive, lending his active suppport to all 
measures which he believes will advance the general welfare along edu- 
cational, moral, social and material lines. Since 1892 he has been chair- 
man of the Democratic county central committee, and is a recognized leader 
in the ranks of his party. His genial temperament, courteous manners 
and broad-minded principles render him a favorite with all, and the circle of 
his friends is almost co-extensive with the circle of his acquaintances. 

JESSE M. HUTTON. 

For just half a century Jesse M. Hutton was numbered among the rep- 
resentative citizens and business men of Richmond, and in his death the 
entire community felt that an irreparable loss had been sustained by the 
public. He had been intimately associated with several of the leading 
industries of this locality, his genius and indubitable talent as a financier 
and business manager resulting in the prosperity of these enterprises and in 
the employment of large numbers of workmen. His whole career was 
marked by signal integrity, justice and honor, and no word of detraction 
was ever heard from those who knew him well. 

He was a native of the town of New Market, Frederick county, Mary- 
land, his birth occurring January 30, 1809. His father, Enos Hutton, hav- 
ing died, the young man persuaded his mother, whose maiden name was 
Rebecca Morsel, to accompany him to the west, where he believed that 
wider opportunities awaited him. This was in 1836, when he was a little 
over twenty-six years of age, and though he had been ambitious and hard- 
working he had managed to accomplish but little more than the meeting of 
the expenses of living. After giving due attention to the important question 
where he should make a settlement, he decided to try his fortune in Rich- 
mond, where he arrived in the spring of 1836. For a few years he was 
obliged to do service as wage-worker, low prices then prevailing in every- 
thing, but by the strictest economy and persistent attention to business he at 
length had saved a little capital, which he invested in the old Starr cotton 
factory, in company with his brother, John H., and Isaac E. Jones. Under 
their able management the new concern which they instituted — the Spring 
Foundry — became one of the successful enterprises of the place, and from it 
was developed the now famous and extensive establishment of Gaar, Scott 
& Company. In 186S Mr. Hutton, in company with George Hasecaster, 



308 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Samuel S. Ganse, George Sherman, William P. Hutton, and M. H. Dill, 
organized and incorporated the J. M. Hutton Coffin Factory, which was a 
prosperous enterprise from the start and has furnished the means of sub- 
sistence to an average of fully one hundred families of this city. It is still 
in successful operation, though more than three decades have rolled away 
since its inception. 

In 1842 the marriage of Jesse M. Hutton and Rebecca L. Shaw was 
solemnized and four children blessed their union. Emily H. became the 
wife of M. H. Dill; Mary A. married John Shroyer; and Camilla R. married 
Rev. James D. Stanley, of Cincinnati, while the only son was William P., 
to whom reference is made in succeeding paragraphs. The wife and mother, 
born in September, 1821, a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Wright) Shaw, 
died February 23, 1885. The death of Jesse M. Hutton occurred but little 
more than a year later, Thursday, March 25, 1886. For more than forty 
years they had pursued the journey of life together, loyally sharing each 
other's trials, sorrows and pleasures, and all who knew them loved, admired 
and highly esteemed them. 

WILLIAM P. HUTTON. 

Since the early days of Richmond's history the Hutton family have 
occupied a distinctive place, and whenever any public improvement or 
notable enterprise has been meditated they were always among the first per- 
sons consulted, and, if the matter seemed to have merit, they could be 
counted upon for material support and encouragement. Patriotism, with 
them, has ever been manifested in a practical form, and by their indefati- 
gable exertions many a movement which has greatly benefited the community 
has been inaugurated and successfully launched. 

William P. Hutton, who was born in Richmond, February 10, 1S45, a 
son of Jesse M. and Rebecca L. (Shaw) Hutton, was a lifelong resident of 
this place and was closely associated with its activities. His education was* 
such as was afforded by the public schools, supplemented by a course in 
Earlham College and extended reading and study in later years. Upon com- 
pleting his school work he entered the factory of J. M. Hutton & Company, 
the original officers of which well known concern were: Jesse M. Hutton, 
president; William P. Hutton, treasurer; and M. H. Dill, secretary. Within 
a remarkably short time he developed fine business talents and was always 
equal to every emergency or difficulty. At the time of his death, December 
21, 1894, he occupied the position of treasurer of the company, and much of 
the success which it enjoys is directly traceable to his excellent man- 
agement. 

In every relation in life Mr. Hutton was popular, — whether as an 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 809 

employer, a business man, a church member, or in the domestic circle, — 
and all classes mourned his death. He was a sincere friend to the poor, but 
he was unostentatious in his manifestations of sympathy and aid, rarely 
allowing any one save the recipient of his kindness to know of the circum- 
stance. When the Commercial Club was organized he was one of the prime 
movers in the enterprise, which he foresaw would prove of benefit to the 
city, and he was one of the first to advocate the building of the new hotel, 
now known as the Westcott. He held membership in the club and was 
elected to the position of treasurer. He held a similar responsible office in 
the Richmond City Water Works Company, in the securing of whose plant 
he was one of the most influential of our citizens. In his political affiliations 
he was a strong Republican partisan. For many years a leading member in 
the First Presbyterian church of this city, and for some time one of its 
elders, his life was a faithful exemplification of the Christianity in which he 
believed, and to religious interests he was especially liberal in his con- 
tributions. 

On the 28th of June, 1865, William P. Hutton and Miss Emily Strattan 
were united in marriage. Mrs. Hutton, who is still living, is a daughter of 
J. P. and Martha (Jefferis) Strattan. A son and two daughters were born to 
our subject and wife, namely: Walter J.; Laura M., who is the wife of 
Frank N. Watt, of Richmond, a traveling salesman for the firm of J. M. 
Hutton & Company; and Mary E., who is at home with her mother. 

CHARLES W. JORDAN. 

The popular and successful principal of the Whitewater high school, 
Professor C. W. Jordan, is one of the native sons of this flourishing town, in 
the welfare of which he takes a sincere interest. As an educator he stands 
in the front ranks, and his eminently practical methods are deserving of the 
high praise which is universally accorded by those in a position to judge 
wisely. 

Born March 4, 186S, C. W. Jordan is a son of William G. and Margaret 
(Addleman) Jordan, and grandson of William Jordan, who removed from 
North Carolina to Ohio in the '20s. The Professor's father was born near 
Hamilton, Butler county, Ohio, in 1838, and accompanied his parents to 
Darke county, Ohio, in 1S46. They settled near the Indiana state line, and 
there passed the remainder of their days, dying at an advanced age. Will- 
iam G. Jordan learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed to a greater 
or less extent as long as he lived. His home after his marriage was in Frank- 
lin township, with the exception of three years, when he resided in Center 
township, and his last days were spent on a farm near Whitewater. During 
the civil war he served for three years and three months as a member of 



/ 



310 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 



Company C, Sixty-ninth Ohio, in the Army of the Cumberland, and went 
with Sherman on the famous march to the sea. His record as a patriot and 
soldier is one of which his friends may well be proud, for he was always 
at his post of duty, trustworthy, honorable and faithful to the least, as well as 
to the greatest, of the duties placed upon his shoulders. Though he partic- 
ipated in many of the hardest campaigns of the war and had numerous nar- 
row escapes, he was never wounded or forced to enter the hospital. Death 
put an end to his busy and useful career in 1891, when he was in his fifty- 
third year. His first wife, Margaret, who was a daughter of John C. Addle- 
man, of Whitewater, died when their son, Charles W., was an infant of 
seven months, and he chose Miss Susan Woolverton for his second wife. 
They became the parents of one child, Edgar E. , who is now living in White- 
water. Mrs. Jordan, who survived her husband, also makes her home in this 
place. 

The boyhood of Professor Jordan passed uneventfully, and when he was 
about twenty years of age he began his career as a teacher. Desiring to 
further qualify himself for his chosen work he took a teacher's course in the 
Ridgeville Normal College, and was graduated there in the class of '92. In 
the meantime he had continued to teach, and had used the summer season 
for the perfecting of his methods and in special study at the normal. In 
1 891 he accepted the position of principal of the Whitewater school, and 
two years later he inaugurated the high-school course, which at first was 
limited to one year's work, and has since been increased to three years. 
Two years are devoted to algebra and one year to geometry work in the math- 
ematical department, while the course in Latin extends throughout two years. 
There are now about one hundred pupils enrolled and three teachers are 
provided. About seventy-five per cent, of the scholars come from outside 
the town, and though many leave school to engage in teaching or in business 
there are always some who complete the course. Fifteen of the graduates of 
this school have chosen teaching as a profession since Mr. Jordan has had 
charge of the school. Several have continued their studies in college, and the 
outlook for the future is most encouraging. Professor Jordan spares himself 
no work or anxiety to make the school of the highest possible standard, and 
his zeal is appreciated by the citizens. 

In connection with his work, the Professor is a member of the Teachers' 
Association Reading Circle. He is the worshipful master of Whitewater 
Lodge, No. I 59, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; is a member of the lodge 
of the Knights of Pythias at Fountain City, and belongs to the Sonsof Veterans. 
An ardent Republican, he has frequently attended district and county con- 
ventions, and in 1896 made a number of forcible and effective campaign 
speeches. He was married, September 29, 1894, to Miss Bertha P. Cheno- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 811 

weth, a daughter of William S. and Viola (Jefferies) Chenoweth, of Frank- 
lin township. The happy home of our subject and wife is blessed with the 
presence of three children, Reba E., William F. and Robert G. The 
parents are highly esteemed in the social circles of the town, where their 
friends are legion. 

•JOSHUA MICHAEL SNYDER. 

One of the prominent old pioneer families of Union county is that of the 
Snyders,well represented in Brownsville township ever since the opening decade 
of this century. They have ever borne their part in the upbuilding and 
development of this region, and have invariably been exponents of progress 
and liberal ideas upon all subjects. 

Michael Snyder, the founder of the family in this portion of Indiana, 
died when well along in years, and it is a remarkable fact that all of his seven 
children lived to pass the eightieth anniversary of their birth. \\'hen he 
came to this township he entered a quarter-section of land, and as he pros- 
pered he kept investing in more land until he was the possessor of a large 
and valuable estate. He assisted each of his children to make a good start 
in life by giving them farms and other aid, and his own old homestead is still 
retained by his descendants, belonging to the subject of this sketch and now 
managed by the latter's eldest son, Walter Michael. The eldest son o£ 
Michael Snyder was Michael, Jr. (father of U. F. Snyder, of Liberty), who- 
was a resident of this township until his death; the next son, David, lived for 
years in Dakota and died there; Moses went to Minnesota when past seventy- 
years and died there about ten years later; Isaac always lived on the farm 
which his father purchased for him; Esther married George Witt, a cousin, 
and died at her home in Richland, Indiana; and Betsy became the wife of 
Mr. Harvey and is deceased. 

Simon, one of the sons of Michael Snyder and the father of the subject 
of this notice, was a native of Virginia, but came to this state in 1S12, and, 
having received a share of his father's property, built a substantial brick 
house in 1835, the bricks therefor being manufactured and burned on the 
farm. There he continued to dwell as long as he lived, and, following his 
father's example, he provided liberally for each one of his children, helping 
them to buy farms. When he was about twenty-five years old he married 
Sally Witt, whose death occurred several years prior to his own. He was an 
active member of the Richland Christian church, and when it declined 
materially he transferred his membership to the church at Liberty, and was 
a trustee and officer of the same for many years. All local enterprises were 
supported by him, and he it was who donated the money for the erection of 
the pretty chapel at Richland cemetery. Moreover, he personally looked 



812 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

after the fences and repairs of the same surrounding the cemetery, and thus, 
in varied ways, he manifested his active interest in whatever was calculated 
to benefit the community. In politics he was a Democrat of the old Jackson 
school. 

Joshua Michael Snyder, whose name heads this sketch, was born in the 
old brick house above mentioned, March 27, 1841, and with his seven 
brothers and sisters passed many happy years under its sheltering roof. The 
four older ones are deceased, namely: John, who removed to Illinois and 
died at the age of sixty years; Jemima, whose death occurred when she was 
about eighteen; Mary, who is survived by her late husband, Spencer Stevens, 
of Liberty; and Martha, who was the wife of S. C. Stevens. Isaac is a resi- 
dent of Clifton, Benjamin of BrownviUe township, and Andrew is now in 
Liberty. 

When he reached his majority J. M. Snyder married Miss Rachel Patter- 
son and set' led upon the farm which he has since owned and operated in 
Brownsville township. The place comprises one hundred acres, devoted to 
the raising of a general line of crops commonly grown in this section. The 
place is fertile and productive and is considered one of the most valuable 
farms in the county, the owner taking just pride in keeping everything in fine 
order and good repair about the premises. Like his father, he votes the 
Democratic ti'ket, but, in the main, keeps out of politics. He has four 
manly, enierprising sons, namely: Walter Michael, previously alluded to; 
Simon, of Clifton; Paul, whose home is in the old brick house which is such 
a landmark in the township; and Clifford is at home and gives valuable assist- 
ance to his father in the management of the farm. 

R. R. HOPKINS, M. D. 

For the past twelve years this representative member of the medical 
profession of Wayne county has made his home in Richmond, where he 
enjoys an extensive and lucrative practice. He is a lineal descendant of the 
renowned Stephen Hopkins, who was one of the most ardent patriots at the 
time of the Revolutionary war, and one of the brave and honored men who 
affixed their signatures to that momentous document, the Declaration of 
Independence. From that time to the present the family have been noted 
for distinguished patriotism and for representatives who have taken important 
places in the annals of their state and communit}'. 

The Hopkins family originated in England, but from early colonial days 
has been well represented in this country. The paternal grandfather of the 
Doctor was Captain Elihu Hopkins, a native of Kentucky and a pioneer of 
Miami county, Ohio. He was a farmer and a man of much more than average 
intelligence and learning. Becoming a local minister in the Methodist Epis- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 313 

copal church, he did effective service in the spreading of Christianity, and 
few men of the neighborhood wielded a wider or more beneficent influence. 
During some of the Indian outbreaks on the then western frontier he fought 
in the militia and there won his title of captain. In politics an ardent 
Whig, he did much for the party, and in every department of human activity 
at that time he made his influence felt. 

Rev. E. H. Hopkins, the lather of our subject, was born in Preble 
county. Ohio, in 1807, and received his education in the primitive log school- 
house of the period. Not content with such meager opportunities, however, 
he studied by himself, and up to the time of his death was a great reader 
and profound student. In his young manhood he had read law with the 
distinguished lawyer and statesman, Henry Clay, then of Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, and was admitted to the bar under his patronage. Then, for four- 
teen years, he practiced law in Shelby and Miami counties, and was very 
successful. In the meantime he began theological studies and started upon 
his long and successful ministry in the Methodist Episcopal church, continu- 
ing to be thus occupied until his career was terminated by death, August 2, 
1S80. During all this time he was a member of the Central Ohio confer- 
ence, and was placed on the superannuated list just a few years prior to his 
demise. In personal appearance he was a man of impressive bearing, tall, 
being fully six feet seven inches in height and well proportioned. A fluent, 
logical speaker and an alert thinker, he won from the start the attention of 
those whom he addressed, and carried them along to his point of view by 
the earnestness and strength of his arguments. He was very well known 
throughout Ohio and was president of a local ministerial union for some 
time. A strong Whig, abolitionist and Republican, he voted for Henry Clay, 
John C. Fremont and Abraham Lincoln, stumping the state in the interest 
of our martyr president. From principle he was bitterly opposed to slavery 
and was very active in the "underground-railroad" system. In short, he 
was a man of broad mind and of active sympathy wherever humanity was 
concerned, and he was surely found in the van of progress, whatever the 
cause. 

His first marriage was to Sarah Brower, mother of Dr. R. R., of this 
article; Dr. D. O. Hopkins, of Burlington City, Kansas; Mrs. Mary J. Kemp, 
Fletcher, Ohio; and W. H. and Andrew, both deceased. After the death of 
his first wife, Mr. Hopkins married Emily Myres, the date of the ceremony 
being September 29, 1S47. The three children born to them have all passed 
away, as well as the mother. December 28, 1876, occurred the third mar- 
riage of our subject's father, the lady of his choice being Margaret L. Rausch. 

The birth of Dr. R. R. Hopkins took place near Troy, Miami countj', 
Ohio, March 24, 1844. He received a liberal education, and in 1S62 was 



314 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

graduated in the classical department of the Ohio Wes'leyan University, at 
Delaware. Soon afterward he entered upon the study of medicine under the 
direction of his elder brother, and subsequently was graduated with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine, in the Cincinnati College of Medicine, and 
Surgery, being a member of the class of 1868. Later he took a special 
course of lectures on chronic diseases, his instructor being Professor Telle- 
ferro, a noted French specialist; and at another time he pursued a course of 
study on diseases of the mind, the lectures on the subject being delivered by 
Dr. J. A. Thacker, both of the college in which our subject had graduated. 
In 1870 Dr. Hopkins located in the town of Addison, Ohio, and remained 
there for seven years, after which he went to Sidney, Ohio, and practiced 
there for five years. While there he was appointed division surgeon of the 
Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati & Indianapolis Railroad (now the Big Four), 
which position he held for nearly five years, when he resigned on account of 
poor health. At the end of that period he went to Cincinnati, and five years 
later he opened an office in Richmond and settled permanently here. A man 
of deep research and study, he has given much time to his special branches 
and for four years was on the staff of the Cincinnati Medical News, contribu- 
ting many valuable articles on subjects of hygiene, sanitation, etc. In all 
matters, political and otherwise, he is liberal and broad-minded, reserving 
his right to vote as he deems best, regardless of party lines, but, in the main, 
he favors the Republican party. He has belonged to several county and 
local medical societies and is a member of the blue lodge of the Masonic 
fraternity. 

September 15, 1870, Dr. Hopkins was married to Miss Dacie Leapley, 
daughter of Jacob and Louise Leapley, of Sidney, Ohio. Their only daugh- 
ter, Grace H., married Philip Ramp, of Richmond, and they have a little 
son, Leland Hopkins Ramp. Robert Galen, the only son of the Doctor, is a 
youth of fifteen years, a student in the Richmond schools. Philip Ramp is 
a passenger conductor in the employ of the Panhandle Railroad, and his 
home is at No. 200 South B street. 

JOHN OSBORN. 

One of the wealthy and influential citizens of Liberty township. Union 
county, is John Osborn, whose birth occurred in this county sixty-odd years 
ago. He has always been actively connected with everything which has 
tended to promote the development of this region, and has been confidently 
counted upon at all times to endorse progressive measures and to uphold the 
law and right and justice. 

The Osborns are old and honored residents of this county, coming here 
as early as 1812. The father of our subject was Levi Osborn, who accom- 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 315 

panied his mother, Rachel Osborn, to this section of Indiana, from their for- 
mer home near Georgetown, Kentucky. The father of Levi Osborn had 
died prior to the birth of Levi, leaving a large family. The Osborns settled 
in Quakertown, Harmony township, and there the mother dwelt until her 
death at the advanced age of over ninety years. Of her sons, Larkin, Ben- 
nett, Aaron and Levi all married and reared families in this county, and lived 
to reach three-score and ten years. Bennett died in Harmony township, and 
one of his sons, Bennett, is a citizen of Dunlapsville. I^arkin removed to 
Rush county and died there, and none of his children remain in this locality. 
Aaron lived and died in Franklin county. Levi married Rebecca West, who 
came to this state from New Jersey, and whose father, Thomas West, was a 
prominent farmer of Liberty township. When the subject of this narrative 
was a lad of ten or twelve years the family removed to Franklin county and 
located in the vicinity of Blooming Grove. There the father died when 
eighty-two years of age, and his son George is his successor on the home- 
stead. Mrs. Rebecca Osborn departed this life when she was seventy-eight 
years of age. Both were members of the Methodist church and were loved 
and respected for their many noble qualities. In his political opinions Mr. 
Osborn was a Jacksonian Democrat. The eight children born to this worthy 
couple were named as follows: Adeline, Elizabeth, Mary Jane, Almira, 
Louisa, Serilda, George and John. All married and with the exception of 
Almira and Mary Jane they are all living. 

John Osborn was born in Harmony township. Union county, January 27, 
1 83 1, and passed his early boyhood here. Then, until he arrived at his 
majority, he made his home under the parental roof in Franklin county. The 
most important step taken by him in his young manhood was his marriage to 
Miss Elizabeth Neptune, of Franklin county, September 28, 1854. She, too, 
was a native of this county. She proved a most faithful helpmate, aiding 
her husband in all his enterprises and giving her womanly support and sym- 
pathy to him in times of depression and discouragement. At last, after forty- 
three years of happy companionship, the devoted wife received the summons 
to the better land, dying March 20, 1897. Their three children are living. — • 
Albert and George, residents of this neighborhood, and Laura at home, her 
father's main comfort and his cheerful, helpful housekeeper. 

In his various undertakings Mr. Osborn has been very fortunate for the 
most part. He owns good farms in Franklin and Fayette counties, in 1S63 
bought a fine homestead in this township qf Albert Collins, and in 1871 pur- 
chased the old Abney place, which is situated in the rich bottotn land of the 
Whitewater river. The last-mentioned farm, a place of one hundred and 
eighty-five acres, is used for the raising of corn and wheat and other crops 
suitable to this section, and, in addition, the proprietor keeps a good grade 



316 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

of cattle and hogs. He rents some of his land and derives a good income 
from this source. By sturdy, industrious toil he has won a comfortable for- 
tune and needs have no fear for his future competence. While he has 
attended strictly to business and to the discharge of all of his duties as a hus- 
band and father, he has not neglected the remoter obligations resting upon 
him as a citizen. He has voted the Democratic ticket for years, but has not 
taken an active part in politics. Reared in the faith of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, he has followed the broad principles of Christianity, and, though 
not a member of the local church, he attends its services and contributes of 
his means to the support of the congregation. 

JOHN C. WHITRIDGE. 

Rising above the heads of the mass are many men of sterling worth and 
value, who by sheer perseverance and determination, accompanied by unflag- 
ging effort, have risen from the ranks of the commonplace to eminence, and 
to occupy positions of respect and trust; but the brilliant qualities of mind 
and brain which mark the great lawyer are to a certain extent God-given. 
It was to his close application and indomitable energy that John C. Whit- 
ridge owed his success in life, as well as to his keen and brilliant mind. 
Endowed by nature with strong mentality, he made it his aim to thoroughly 
master all the principles and intricate problems that are involved in juris- 
prudence, and in the realm of civil law attained distinctive precedence at 
the bar of Wayne county. But he was honored not alone for his achieve- 
ments in professional life; his sterling characteristics and his genuine worth 
as a citizen, friend, husband and father also won for him the highest esteem, 
and in this section of Indiana he was both widely and favorably known. 

A native of Ohio, he was born in New Paris, Preble county, on the ist 
of November, 1837, and was a son of Dr. John and Rachel (Evans) Whit- 
ridge. The father was a native of Vermont, and the mother was born near 
Lebanon, Ohio, but soon after their marriage they located in New Paris, 
where their remaining days were passed. The father was a graduate of a 
medical college, and for some years successfully practiced his profession in 
Preble county. 

When only nine years of age the subject of this sketch suffered an 
almost unparalleled bereavement — his father, mother, one brother and two 
uncles all dying within a week, and three children were thus orphaned. For 
a short time John C. Whitridge remained in Lebanon, and then with his 
brother and sister went to live in the home of his guardian, James Sampson. 
Shortly afterward Mr. Sampson was elected to the office of sheriff of Preble 
county and removed to Eaton, Ohio, where our subject spent much of his youth. 
He attended the public schools there, and when about eighteen years of age 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 317 

entered Farmers' College, at College Hill, where he remained for nearlj' two 
years. At the same time Benjamin Harrison, afterward president of the 
United States, was a student in that institution. Subsequently Mr. Whit- 
ridge matriculated in Brown University, at Providence, Rhode Island, where 
he continued for a year. 

In January, 1858, he came to Richmond, Indiana, where he pursued the 
study of law in the of^ce and under the direction of General William Ben- 
ton, and was admitted to the bar in the Wayne circuit court, in December 
of the same year. He then began practice, forming a partnership with 
Gideon McNutt, but the connection continued for otdy a short time, Mr. 
Whitridge being elected prosecuting attorney in i860, for a term of two 
years. In 1862 he was re-elected, and discharged the duties of the position 
in a most prompt and able manner. He then resumed the private prac- 
tice of law, making a specialty of civil jurisprudence. To an understanding 
of uncommon acuteness and vigor he added a thorough and conscientious 
preparatory training, while in his practice he e.xemplified all the higher ele- 
ments of the truly great lawyer. He was constantly inspired by an innate, 
inflexible love of justice and a delicate sense of personal honor, which con- 
trolled him in all his personal relations. His fidelity to the interests of his 
clients was proverbial, yet he never forgot that he owed a still higher alle- 
giance to the majesty of the law. 

In his political views Mr. Whitri 'ge was a Republican, and was deeply 
interested in the questions cf the day, yet never sought or desired the honors 
or emoluments of public office. However, he did all in his power to promote 
the growth and success of his party, and occasionally addressed audiences on 
the campaign issues. Of the Methodist Episcopal church he was a prominent 
and consistent member for twenty-five years, and was a teacher in the Sun- 
day-school for twenty years. One who knew him well said: " He honestly- 
believed the truth of the Bible and embraced with his whole soul the doc- 
trine of the atonement. He was punctual in his attendance at church and 
Sunday-school, and did all that could be expected of him to promote the 
interests of religion. " He held various church offices and was a member of 
the official board. 

His domestic relations were exceptionally pleasant, and his interest 
centered in his home. He was married October 22, 1861, to Miss Mary 
Skinner, a daughter of John C. and Hannah (Foster) Skinner, of Lebanon, 
Ohio. They became the parents of five children: iMary, now deceased; 
Lucy, wife of John Howard, of Richmond; Esther F., at home; John Clifford, 
who is connected with the Railroad Gazette; and Bertha, who completes 
the family. 

Mr. Whitridge died March 10, 1888, and not only to the family but to 



518 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

many friends throughout the community did the loss come with telling force. 
The bar of Wayne county held a meeting in which to take action on iiie sad 
event, and the report of its committee spoke in the highest terms -f Mr. 
Whitridge, while various members of the profession endorsed the re^wrt and 
added their tributes of praise to the member whom they mourned. At this 
meeting the following words were spoken: "In the profession he was 
thorough in his knowledge of law, and while he always modestly shunned 
notoriety, he was an able practitioner, careful of the interests of his clients, 
which he justly strove to protect. He had a large and lucrative practice and 
enjoyed the confidence of the business community. The bar has lost an 
honorable, conscientious and able member. In all the relations of life he has 
been a conscientious and exemplary man, unostentatious and even modest 
and retiring in the discharge of his duties, but never shirking any responsi- 
bility. He is justly entitled to be ever remembered as a real Christian 
gentleman." He commanded the regard of all by his upright life, and to his 
family he left the priceless heritage of an untarnished name. 

JAMES P. DOUGHERTY. 

One of the practical, progressive and enterprising farmers of Wayne 
county is James Purnell Dougherty, who resides in Harrison township. On 
the farm which is now his home, in a house still standing near his present 
residence, he was born, August 3. 1837, his parents being Zadok and Mary 
(Williards) Dougherty. The father was born in Delaware in 1790, and was 
of Irish and English descent. He served for one year in the war of 1812, 
and in 181 8 removed to Indiana, working as a wheelwright in Jacksonburg, 
Harrison township, until 1826, when he purchased a farm west of the village 
— the land now owned by our subject. Here he carried on agricultural pur- 
suits until his death, which occurred November 20, 1853. His wife, who 
was born December 24, 1804, died March 11, 1894. They were the parents 
of seven children, four of whom are still living : Zerelda, widow of Levi 
Hood ; John S., James P. and William H. Those deceased are Anna Maria, 
Elizabeth and Eliza. 

Under the parental roof Mr. Dougherty was reared to manhood, and to 
the public schools of his native village he is indebted for the educational priv- 
ileges which were afforded him. When the country became involved in 
civil war, he offered his services to the government, August 6, 1862, becom- 
ing a member of Company B, Fifth Indiana Cavalry, in which he enlisted 
for three years. He served on detached duty through Kentucky and Tennes- 
see, also belonged to the advance guard of the first federal troops that entered 
the city of Knoxville, Tennessee, and in 1S64 joined Stoneman at Tunnel 
Hill, Georgia, continuing with that command to Atlanta. While on a 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 819 

scouting expedition under General Stoneman, he was captured with a majority 
of his regiment and confined in Andersonville ' prison for six weeks. His 
brother, John Shaffer Dougherty, was with him in the same company, but 
they were separated at this point and sent to different places. John was 
exchanged March 30, 1865, then sent to Jefferson Barracks Hospital, Mis- 
souri, and on to Camp Chase, Ohio, where he was discharged June 10, 1865. 
James F. Dougherty was exchanged February 28, 1865, reported to his 
command at Pulaski, Tennessee, and was there discharged June 16, 1865. 
He suffered severely from his prison life, and has never entirely recovered his 
old-time strength. Since his return home he has engaged continuously in 
agricultural pursuits, and until recently has been associated in business with 
his brother John, they being the most extensive tobacco-growers in Harrison 
township. 

On the ist of December, 1875, Mr. Dougherty was united in marriage 
to Miss Lizzie, daughter of Jacob and Christina (Fike) Miller, of Jackson- 
burg, Indiana. Her father, a wagonmaker by trade, is a native of Germany, 
and her mother of Trenton, Ohio. They have four children: Mrs. Dough- 
erty, Henry, Charles, and Katie, wife of William Wilson. Our subject is 
socially connected with Jackson Lodge, No. 552, L O. O. P., and M. D. 
Leason Post, No. 453, G. A. R. He is also a member of the Disciples' 
church, and gives his support to all moral, enducational. social or material 
interests which he believes will benefit the community. He is a man of 
sterling worth and justly merits the high regard in which he is held. 

CALEB B. SMITH. 

Caleb B. Smith, who in his day was the most distinguished citizen of 
Connersville, as well as among the most celebrated of his state and nation, 
ranking second only to Governor Morton in Indiana, was born in Boston, 
Massachusetts, April 16, 1808, and accompanied his parents to Cincinnati 
when six years of age. There he spent his boyhood days and received his 
early education. Later he entered Miami University, at Oxford, Ohio, in 
1825. After his college course he returned to Cincinnati and began reading 
law. In the autumn of 1827 he came to Connersville and continued the study 
of law, under Oliver H. Smith, being admitted to the bar in 1828. At the 
bar he rose rapidly, being a most fluent speaker. He was the Tom Corwin 
of Indiana, and ever had a fund of anecdotes to illuminate his speeches, 
whether they were before a jury or a political audience. In 1832 he, with 
M. R. Hall, established the Indiana Sentinel, a weekly paper devoted to the 
advocacy of Whig doctrines. As an editor Mr. Smith was witty, pungent 
and brilliant. The next year he was elected to the legislature, and he served 
in that body for several terms, being speaker of the house three sessions. He 



820 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

was one of the foremost advocates of tfie great internal-improvement system 
of the state. 

In 1S43 he was elected to congress and served three terms, becoming 
easily the foremost man in the Indiana delegation, and one of the foremost in 
the nation. He was peculiarly eloquent, with a pleasing voice and captivat- 
ing manner. He was recognized as a powerful debater in all the great ques- 
tions then before the public, and but few, if any, could equal hiin before an 
audience of the people. In 185 1 he moved to Cincinnati, and became presi- 
dent of the Cincinnati & Chicago Railroad, — in which connection he became 
deeply involved financially, as the project proved a failure. In 1859 he 
removed again, this time making Indianapolis his home, and there he entered 
again upon the practice of his profession. It was in the stirring times when 
slavery was making its greatest efforts to spread over the western territories. 
Mr. Smith became an ardent Republican, and in the great political campaign 
of i860 canvassed almost every part of Indiana in the interest of Mr. Lin- 
coln, in securing whose nomination he had been largely instrumental, as 
chairman of the Indiana delegation, which voted solidly for Liiico'n. When 
Mr. Lincoln was making up his cabinet he selected Mr. Smith as his secre- 
tary of the interior. This position he resigned in the latter part of 1S62, to 
accept the position of United States judge for the district of Indiana. He 
died suddenly, on the 17th of January, 1864. He left his home in the 
morning in his usual health, and went to the court-room. He entered his 
private room in the government building and was seized by a fit of coughing, 
which ruptured a blood vessel, producing a violent hemorrhage. Physicians 
were called, but it was some time before the flow of blood could be checked. 
In the afternoon another fit of coughing renewed the hemorrhage, and he 
graduallj' sunk until he died. From the time he entered congress until he 
was placed on the bench but few men in the country wielded as wide a polit- 
ical power as did Mr. Smith. It was chiefly as a stump orator that he 
became so wonderfully popular. His language was copious and always 
appropriate, — often striking, always clear. 

Upon the sudden death of this citizen, orator, statesman and judge of 
distinction, it was ordered by the president of the United States that the 
executive buildings at Washington be draped in mourning for fourteen days, 
in honor of a prudent and royal counselor of the administration in an hour 
of peril. July 8, 1831, Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Elizabeth B. 
Watton, of Connersville, Indiana. 

DANIEL G. REID. 
Daniel G. Reid is now a resident of Chicago, but has been so closely 
identified with the interests of Richmond that the city feels a just pride in 




ELI_A DLiNN REIQ. 





zw 3v iisHir ihYi.m J 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 321 

claiming him among her native sons. He stands to-day at the head of one 
of the leading industrial concerns of the county, being president of the Amer- 
ican Tin Plate Company, and his prestige has been won through marked 
executi\e force, keen discrimination, sound judgment and unfaltering energy. 
To manage mammoth business interests it requires as great and skillful gen- 
eralship as is manifest on the field of battle by him who leads armed hosts to 
victory. His campaign is no less carefully planned, and the tactics which 
he must follow to avoid competitors demand a nicety of decision unsurpassed 
by the army commander; at the same time if he would gain an extensive 
public patronage, his business methods must be so honorable as to be above 
reproach, for the public is a discriminating factor and quickly sets its stamp 
of disapproval upon any underhand methods. Daniel G. Reid has met every 
requirement of the business world in these regards, and has attained an 
almost phenomenal success, which illustrates the wonderful possibilities. 
which America affords her young men of energy, enterprise and ambition. 

Born in Richmond, in August, 1858, Daniel G. Reid is a son of Daniel 
and Anna (Dougan) Reid. The family is of Scotch-Irish lineage, and the 
grandfather of our subject, who also bore the name of Daniel Reid, was a 
native of Virginia, in which state he spent his entire life. He married Mar- 
garet Patterson, of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, who died in Richmond 
at an advanced age. Daniel Reid, father of our subject, was born in Rock- 
bridge county, Virginia, February 5, 1799, and in 1821 took up his residence 
near New Paris, Preble county, Ohio, whence he removed to Richmond in 
the fall of 1823. Here he engaged in clerking for some 5'ears, and in 1828 
began merchandising on his own account, as a partner of Joseph P. Strattan, 
carrying on the business ten years. In 1829 he was appointed postmaster 
of Richmond, serving in that capacity until 1838, when he was appointed by 
President Van Buren as register at the land office in Fort Wayne, where he 
remained for about five years. He then removed to a farm in Allen county, 
Indiana, and in 1855 returned to Richmond, where he engaged in the grocery 
business with his son, William S., and N. S. Leeds until the firm changed to 
Reid & Vanneman. He remained in the store, but made his home upon a 
farm a mile and a half west of Richmond, where he was living at the time 
of his death, which occurred March 3, 1873. He was for many years a mem- 
ber and ruling elder of the United Presbyterian church in Richmond, and his 
honorable, upright life commanded the respect of all wiih whom he came in 
contact. He was twice married, his first wife being by maiden name Letitia 
Scott, who died in Allen county, in 1854. They had seven children. In 
October of that year, Mr. Reid married Mrs. Ann Dougan, then a resident 
of Niles, Michigan, and they had two children: Daniel Gray, of this sketch, 
and Emma Virginia, wife of Oliver Bogue. 



S22 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Daniel G. Reid was educated in the public schools of Richmond. His 
father died when he was in his fifteenth year, and he was reared b}' his 
mother. At the age of seventeen he entered the Second National Bank as 
messenger boy, obtained his business training there and gradually won pro- 
motion until he was made teller, which position he resigned in 1895. He is 
still a director and vice-president of the bank, but though his opinions influence 
its management he takes no active part in controlling the daily routine of 
business. In 1892 he became interested in the American Tin Plate Company, 
owners of an extensive plant at Elwood, Indiana. In 1898, when the great 
■tin plate trust was formed, he became a large stockholder and the president 
-of the corporation, and now occupies that important position. He has 
always been of a speculative turn of mind, but where many would make 
injudicious investments and so lose their money, his tendency toward specu- 
lation is guided by a judgment rarely at fault and by a keenly discriminat- 
ing mind. 

On the 13th of October, 1880, Mr. Reid was united in marriage to Miss 
Ella C. Dunn, of Richmond, Indiana. Mrs. Reid died on the 25th of June, 
1899. In matters of public moment Mr. Reid is deeply interested, although 
he has never sought the preferment which he might easily attain in that line, 
•content to gain leadership in business circles alone. The day of little under- 
Jtakings in our western cities has long since passed, and an enterprise or 
dndustry is nothing if not gigantic. It is a master mind than can plan, 
excute and control a mammoth institution of the nature of the American Tin 
Plate Works, and the gentleman who stands at its head well deserves to be 
ranked among the most prominent business men of his adopted city, where 
-only ability of a very superior order is now recognized. 

REV. REUBEN TOBEY. 

For twenty-six years one of the most efficient laborers in the cause of 
•Christianity in northern Indiana was Rev. Reuben Tobey, who for that period 
was a member of the conference of this section of the state, in the Methodist 
Episcopal church. A strong and forcible speaker, earnest and eloquent in 
the presentation of the truth, his efforts were abundantly blessed, and over 
■two thousand persons identified themselves with the church under his teach- 
ling, — four hundred while he was pastor of the Pearl street church in Rich- 
imond, some three years. (This is now known as the Fifth Street church.) 
'.Since 1883 he has been on the superannuated list, but has been active in the 
continuance of the work to which he dedicated his life when in the prime of 
his early manhood. 

The paternal grandfather of Rev. Reuben Tobey was named Michael. 
He was born near Hagerstown, Maryland, on Pleasant \'alley farm, where 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 323 

he spent his entire Hfe. He was a very prosperous farmer and his homestead 
was one of the most beautiful in a section where lovely homes abounded. A 
fine spring, and great orchards which bore an abundance of excellent fruit 
of various kinds, were among the attractions of the farm. There the father 
of our subject, Michael Tobey, Jr., was born, May 15, 1789, and upon the 
death of his father the young man inherited the old homestead. He con- 
tinued to cultivate the place until 1836, when he removed to Montgomery 
county, Ohio, and became extensively engaged in farming, at a point to the 
westward of Dayton. While a resident of Maryland he had also attended to 
contracting and building, employing a manager whose duty it was to look 
after the farm. In Ohio he followed much the same plan, giving his own 
attention chiefly to contracting, and giving employment to many men. His 
death took place in Dayton, September, 1872. Actively concerned in the 
spread of the Christian faith, he built a church on his own land in Ohio, it 
being popularly known as " Tobey's meeting-house." A large congregation 
grew up there and flourished, the doctrines of the United Brethren being taught 
in the little chapel. During the fifteen or twenty years of his residence in Day- 
ton he was a faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal church. He had 
more than a local reputation as a man thoroughly posted on all public affairs 
and policies, and was strongly in favor of protective tariff for this country. 
First a Whig, he later identified himself with the Republican party. For his 
wife he chose Margaret Miller, of Maryland, and to them six sons and four 
daughters were born. Before his life closed he saw his sons all married and 
well settled, and four of them ofificiating as ministers — three of them of the 
United Brethren church, namely: Jonathan, Michael T. and Henry. Reuben 
was a clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal church. Another son. Dr. Rob- 
ert Tobey, was a physician, and died in Decatur, Illinois, and Nathaniel was 
a rich capitalist and business man of Troy, Ohio. 

The birth of Rev. Reuben Tobey occurred March 22, 1830, in his 
paternal home near Hagerstown, Maryland. His education was obtained in 
Ohio, and as early as 1855 he made a trip into this state, selling merchandise 
in Goshen and other towns. In 1857 he was ordained a deacon in the church 
and two years later was made an elder by Bishop Janes. For ten years he 
was connected with the Bethel work, having the state of Indiana under his 
supervision, as regards this department of usefulness, but recently he retired 
from this responsible position on account of failing health. He has always 
been a stalwart Republican in his political views. 

The first marriage of Mr. Tobey was solemnized in West Alexandria, 
Ohio, in 1849. To himself and wife, whose maiden name was Adelina 
Houghman, three children were born: Maria E. Hazard, of Tacoma, 
Washington; Winfield Scott, freight agent at Cedar Rapids, Iowa; and Mrs. 



324 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Mary E. Peabody, of Columbia City, Indiana. His first wife having died in 
1870, Mr. Tobey married Nettie Mann, of McConnelisville, Ohio, in 1871. 
Their two sons are Edwin R., who is connected with the street-railroad lines 
in Seattle, Washington; and Charles P., who for the past five years has been 
employed in the Columbia City (Indiana) Bank. 

WILLIAM MENDENHALL. 

The Mendenhall family is one of the oldest and most honored in the 
United States, their ancestors having accompanied William Penn to these 
shores and settled in the vicinity of Philadelphia. The family have authentic 
documents from which the name is traced in England back to 1275. From 
the American branch are descended the numerous persons of the name now 
to be found in every state in the Union. Like their distinguished leader, 
they were members of the Society of Friends, living peaceful, just lives, and 
ever striving to aid and uplift humanity. 

The more immediate ancestors of William Mendenhall became pioneers 
in western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio, his grandfather, Aaron Menden- 
hall, a surveyor, going to Beaver Falls in 1800 and to Columbiana county, 
Ohio, in 1828. In 1804 he was married to Lydia Richardson, by whom he 
had four sons, — John, Moses, Cyrus and George. George became a physi- 
cian of distinction and president of a medical college in Cincinnati. Cyrus 
and Moses were members of the Ohio legislature from 1856 to 1S58. Cyrus, 
while a member of that body, originated and secured the passage of the bill 
making it unlawful to inflict corporal punishment upon inmates of the peni- 
tentiary, and also the law enabling a convict, by his good behavior, to lessen 
the time of his term of imprisonment. Following this humane movement 
similar laws have from time to time been enacted by other states. John, 
the oldest son, born in 1806, was the father of the subject of this narrative. 
In 1835 he married Hannah Milhous, of Belmont county, Ohio, who is now 
living at Richmond (June, 1899), m her eighty-si.xth year, genial and ener- 
getic. In his early married life John Mendenhall lived in Columbiana and 
Morgan counties, Ohio, while from i860 until his death, in 1868, he was a 
resident of Richmond. His chief occupation was that of a leather mer- 
chant, which business he followed until shortly before his demise. He was 
exact, punctual and above reproach in all his financial transactions, and 
enjoyed the confidence and respect of all who knew him. 

Born in Columbiana county, Ohio, October 12, 1836, William Menden- 
hall was a mere boy when the family removed to Morgan county. There he 
received his elementary education in the public schools of McConnelsville, 
though when yet a small boy he attended also the Friends' boarding school 
(now Earlham College) at Richmond. He was graduated at the University 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 325 

of Michigan in 1863, but previous to that time had been successfully engaged 
in teaching in Belmont county, Ohio; two years at Fountain City, Indiana, 
and at Earlham College. After his graduation in 1863 he was appointed and 
served in the astronomical corps of the United States coast survey along the 
shores of the great lakes. Being elected principal of the preparatory depart- 
ment of Earlham College, he entered on his new duties, continuing for two 
years. At the end of that time he was chosen as principal of the Richmond 
high schqpl, in which capacity he acted tor some time to the entire satisfac- 
tion of all interested in the excellence of our schools. Later he became one 
of the owners and principals of the City Academy of Indianapolis, with 
which well-known institution he was connected for two years. Having given 
considerable thought and attention to the subject of suitable text-books for 
use in schools, he had some correspondence with Charles Scribner & Com- 
pany, of New York, which firm published a number of the finest school-books, 
and the result of the matter was that he entered the employ of the firm, and 
during the following two years introduced their publications as general agent 
for the state of Indiana. 

In 1 87 1 he went to Colorado, where he was for many years extensively 
engaged in mining operations and civil engineering. He met with success in 
his various ventures and undertakings, but the associations and old friends of 
former days recalled him at last to Richmond, where he has dwelt since 1884. 
Of late years he is occupied in civil engineering and deals in real estate. 
Politically, he is a stanch Republican, and in religion he adheres to the faith 
of his forefathers, being a member of the Society of Friends. 

Mr. Mendenhall has been twice married. His first wife, whom he 
wedded in this city, bore the name of Hannah N. Lancaster. After her 
death Mr. Mendenhall was married, in 1886, to Miss Eliza D. Hadley, by 
whom he has three children, namely. Olive J., William Edwin and Jessie C. 
The family have a pleasant, cozy home in West Richmond, where their hos- 
pitality is enjoyed by their numerous friends and well-wishers. 

RICHARD E. HAUGHTON, M. D. 
Dr. Richard E. Haughton, who for forty-five years has been actively 
engaged in medical practice in Indiana, is one of the most talented members 
of his profession in the state, and has, perhaps, done as much to elevate the 
standard of medical excellence therein as any other man. Being of broad 
and liberal mind, and having enjoyed the advantages of a superior education, 
he has had the interests of the people deeply at heart, and has keenly felt 
how completely they are at the mercy of the medical practitioner, who, but a 
few years ago, before the present rigid regulations were put into operation, 
was often the most veritable charlatan, plying his arts to the jeopardy of his 



326 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

misguided patients. By pen and speech Dr. Haugiiton has used his influence 
for many decades in the advocacy of higher education and training for phy- 
sicians, and the Hmitation of their once almost absolute power over the lives 
of their patients. He has always stood boldly forth as the champion of 
progress, and his wonderful influence has been exerted at all times on the 
side of right and truth. 

A son of William and Sarah (Johnson) Haughton, the Doctor traces his 
ancestry, along both lines, to old Enghsh nobility. On the paternal side he 
is descended from Sir Wilfred Haughton, a baronet of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, and many of his ancestors achieved distinction in the business and pro- 
fessional world and as statesmen and authors. One of the eminent representa- 
tives of the family at the present day is Rev. Dr. Samuel Haughton, of 
Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. The maternal ancestor of our subject was 
a nobleman at the court of James I. of England, and his descendants were 
among the first colonists of Virginia. They were wealthy landholders and 
slave-owners for some time, but, being associated with the Friends, they 
came to abhor the principle of human slavery and eventually manumitted 
their slaves. 

William Haughton was born in Carlow, county of Carlovv, Ireland, 
about forty miles from Dublin, in 1S04. He was partially educated in Ack- 
worth boarding school, in England, and in 1822 he set out to make his for- 
tune in the United States. At first he located in Fayette county, Indiana, 
and subsequently removed to Union county, same state. Here for forty-five 
years he was known as an educator, one of the ablest in the state, and 
though he taught for several years in the old-time log school-house, he later 
was connected with some of the leading educational institutions of Indiana at 
that day. For over a score of years he was a preceptor in Beech Grove 
Seminary, having under his charge young men from all parts of the country, 
some twenty states being thus represented. He was principal in the Union 
County Seminary and thereafter he became a member of the faculty of Earl- 
ham College, where he continued actively engaged in his beloved work of 
instructing the young, until, by reason of failing health, he was compelled to 
resign his position. When he had rested from his labors for a period at 
Knightstown, Indiana, he could not resist a resumption of his former work, 
when he was tendered a position as principal in the high school there, and 
death found him at his post. He died in July, 1878, of paralysis, aged sev- 
enty-six years. A birth-right member of the Friends' church, he was a 
preacher in that sect for a number of years, his life being a consistent and 
beautiful example of the doctrines to which he was reared. His devoted 
wife survived him, dying in 1S82, when four-score years of age. He had but 
two children, Richard E., and Mrs. Lucy White, of Texas. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 327 

The birth of Dr. R. E. Haughton occurred in Fayette county, Indiana, 
December 8, 1827. He found an able friend, companion and instructor in 
his father, and at an early age was remarkably proficient in mathematics, 
science and literature. When a youth of fifteen he rendered his father excel- 
lent service as assistant teacher, and from 1845 to 1849 he devoted a por- 
tion of each year to the cultivation and management of his father's farm, 
helping to pay for the property. In the fall of the year last named, he com- 
menced medical studies with their family physician, but, his father having 
been called to Richmond, the young man took his place in the Union County 
Seminary. In 1853, however, he was graduated at the head of his class, 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, in the Cleveland Medical College, 
where he had pursued the prescribed course of study. For a short time 
prior to his graduation he had practiced at Knightstown, with a partner, and 
he now returned, and until October, 1855, he remained in that place. 
Thereafter he practiced in Richmond for a score of years, meeting with 
exceptional and merited success. 

In the autumn of 1873, Dr. Haughton was urged 'to accept the chair of 
descriptive and surgical anatomy in the Indiana Medical College, at Indiana- 
polis, after which he was professor of physiology and physiological anatomy 
in the College of Physicians and Surgeons., in the same city, for a period of 
four years. In the summer of 1879 he witnessed the fulfillment of a long 
cherished desire, — the establishment of a new college which should occupy a 
much higher plane than any of its predecessors. Thus, largely owing to his 
influence and zeal, the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons was 
founded in the capital city of the state. This institution was the first one 
of the kind in the west to require students to pass a general examination ere 
they were admitted, and the numerous restrictions and regulations which 
were put in force have proved a safeguard and benefit to the college, whose 
graduates are proud of their a/ina mater, in consequence. 

A ready, clear and comprehensive writer. Dr. Haughton has wielded 
his pen for years on a variety of subjects. A valued contributor to the lead- 
ing medical journals of the day, his articles on the diseases of the nerv- 
ous system and on surgery (in which department he is especially expert) 
have been widely copied. Desiring to further qualify himself in special 
lines, he took a post-graduate course in Jefferson Medical College a few 
years ago. Since 1859 he has been a member of the American Medical 
Association, and is identified with the Indiana State Medical and the 
Tri-state Medical Association (of Indiana, Illinois and Kentucky). He is 
an honorary member of the Ohio State Medical Association, and belongs to 
the societies of Wayne, Marion and Union counties. He assisted to organ- 
ize the Wayne County Medical Society and that of Union District. Since 



328 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

1895 the Doctor has again been engaged in practice in Richmond, many of 
his old patients returning to him, and others, who have known him by repu- 
tation, have been glad to retain him as their family physician. He takes 
great interest in local affairs, and was one of the projectors and original 
stockholders in the Richmond Street Railroad Company. 

In his religious views the Doctor is liberal and independent, as might be 
expected of one who has been a deep student and has had wide experience. 
Though he was reared in the Society of Friends, and has the most genuine 
esteem for that body, he prefers no other guide or rule of conduct than what 
he tinds in the Scriptures, and is opposed to ritualism and formality in wor- 
ship. After four years' special study of religion, he was ordained a minister 
in the Methodist Episcopal church, in 1898, though for two-score years he 
has preached the gospal of Christ, and from his boyhood he has endeavored 
to lead the life of a Christian. 

In the First Presbyterian church of East Cleveland, Ohio, on the 13th 
of February, 1853, a marriage ceremony was performed which united the 
destinies of Dr. Haughton and Miss Catherine Meeker. She died December 
20, 1S67, and left two children: Edward Everett, who is engaged in the 
real-estate and insurance business in Chicago; and Louanna. The present 
wife of the Doctor was Miss Elizabeth Mather, a pupil of Earlham College, 
and a lineal descendant of the famous preacher, Rev. Dr. Cotton Mather. 
She is an earnest Christian worker and has been for years connected with the 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union as a national evangelist. 

BENJAMIN STEWART. 

No citizen in College Corner, Union county, enjoys the confidence and 
high esteem of his associates and neighbors in a greater degree than does 
Benjamin Stewart, who came to this place in 1853; and from that time to the 
present he has taken an active share in the development of the resources of 
this immediate locality. Since he became a permanent resident of this 
thriving little village, he has materially aided in church and charitable enter- 
prises and has ever used his influence on behalf of everything making for good 
citizenship. 

Born in Juniata county, Pennsylvania, December 10, 1830, Benjamin 
Stewart is a son of John and Anna (Harris) Stewart, likewise natives of that 
state. In 1838 they removed to Preble county, Ohio, and in 1844 to Hamil- 
ton county, that state. For several years the father worked at the tanner's 
trade, and the remainder of his life was chiefly devoted to farming. A life- 
long member of the American Bible Association, he was very active in dis- 
tributing and selling Bibles, giving considerable time to this occupation. He 
died at the age of sixty-five years, having survived his good wife some years. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 329 

Of their children, three sons are now living, namely: Joseph M., who went 
to Nebraska a quarter of a century ago and is a resident of Pawnee City, 
that state; John R. , of Osceola, Nebraska, and for thirty-five years a citizen 
of that state; and Benjamin, of this sketch. Joseph M. was formerly an 
extensive land-owner in Union county, Indiana. A daughter, Mary Jane, 
married George Black, whose fine farm was situated two miles west of College 
Corner. Mrs. Black is deceased, but some of her family still dwell in this 
vicinity. 

Benjamin Stewart spent his boyhood on his father's farm, and when 
about seventeen years old he commenced learning the business of manufactur- 
ing coffins. He was in that business in the town of Twenty Mile Stand, 
Ohio, and in 1853 he came to College Corner. Here he established himself 
in the same line of business, being the first undertaker of Union township. 
At the end of ten years or more Benjamin Stewart settled on a farm in Posey 
township, Fayette count}-, eight miles west of Connersville, and for twelve 
years he operated the homestead, making extensive and valuable improve- 
ments in the meantime. At last, having sold the place to a good advantage, 
he returned to College Corner and invested in village property. One of his 
most prosperous ventures was the purchase of the J. M. Ridenour block, 
which he has leased to business houses, and for twenty years it has never 
been vacant, nor has the owner had the keys in his possession during that 
long period. Besides this he has built not less than half a dozen excellent 
stores and houses for himself, and has taken contracts and erected numerous 
buildings in and around the village. More than forty years ago he put up the 
old school building, and therefore it was fitting that the contract for the new 
union school district building should fall to him, and it was erected at a cost of 
about ten thousand dollars. He still owns several residences in addition to 
his own. When the railroad was being constructed, he and his brother built 
and operated a saw and grist mill and supplied much material to the rail- 
road. Later the brother added a planing mill, and thus it may be easily 
seen that they were really founders of this town, for in its infancy they met 
many of its most urgent needs by their enterprise and well invested money. 
The first regular meat market in this place was carried on by our subject, and 
for thirty years he has been more or less engaged in the business, even now 
supplying the local market in his own block. 

While the affairs of this life have justly claimed a large share of the 
time and attention of Mr. Stewart, he has not neglected his duties and priv- 
ileges in the wider sense of the life to come, and from boyhood has been a 
devoted member of the Presbyterian church. For forty years he served as 
one of the elders of the congregation, being ordained the same day as was 
'George Wilson, and by mutual consent they both resigned on the same day, 



330 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

the five other members of the board of elders following their example. The 
others were Dennis,.Ward, James Shultz, Thomas Gaston, Scott Hurd and 
John Witter; and the reason whjch impelled them to this move was their 
long service and advanced years. When the church was being built Mr. 
Stewart was chairman of the committee of the same, and for fifteen years he 
was the superintendent of the Sunday-school. Throughout his life he has 
been strictly temperate and has kept the highest ideals ever before him, 
striving to become what he surely is to-day, a noble, well developed Christian 
character. 

In 1855 Mr. Stewart married Miss Eliza Ann Pearson, of Dublin, Indi- 
ana, and her death took place in 1876. In September, 1877, he married 
Mrs. Maggie R. Robb, /u'e Stewart (but not a relative of our subject), of 
Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio. By this union there are three children : 
Pearl, Lee and Ray, all at home. By the first marriage of Mr. Stewart there 
were five sons, namely : Elmer, now engaged in the practice of dentistry in 
Richmond, Indiana ; Oliver Morton, who has been engaged in the meat- 
market business in Muncie, Indiana ; Homer M., a painter by trade, and now 
a resident of Mount Carmel, Indiana ; David Clinton, who was in the meat 
business and died in May, 1898, aged twenty-eight years ; and William R. , 
who is employed as a dealer in meat in Muncie, Indiana. Oliver M. was 
recently a United States regular in the war with Cuba, being a member of 
Company M, Twenty-third Infantry, stationed at San Francisco, California. 
He was discharged in September, 1898, and is now at home, visiting his rel- 
atives. In his political affiliations Mr. Stewart inclines to the principles of 
the Republican party. 

THOMAS CAMPBELL. 

The deserved reward of a well spent life is an honored retirement from 
business in which to enjoy the fruits of former toil. To-day, after a useful 
and beneficent career, Mr. Campbell is quietly living at his beautiful home 
in Richmond, surrounded by the comforts that earnest labor has brought ta 
him. He is a prominent citizen of this section of Indiana, and the splendid 
accomplishments of his life should serve to encourage others who must look 
to themselves for the prosperity which they may enjoy. The story of the 
founders of this nation and that of the Revolutionary forefathers are interest- 
ing, not only from a historical standpoint, but also as a source of inspiration 
and encouragement. Yet we need not look to the past: the present fur- 
nishes man^ examples worthy of emulation in the men who have risen 
through their own efforts to positions of prominence and importance in pro- 
fessional, political, mercantile and industrial circles. To this class belongs 
Thomas Campbell. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 331 

He was born in Center county, Pennsylvania, on the 13th of January, 
1817, and is a son of William and Elizabeth (Parsons) Campbell. His 
father was accidentally killed in February, 1820, leaving the responsibility of 
rearing a large family of children to the mother, who with great fortitude 
assumed the task and bent every energy to the faithful discharge of her 
duties. As soon as the children were old enough they began to earn their 
own living and thus relieved the burden that rested upon the mother. When 
a lad of fourteen summers Thomas Campbell started out in life for himself, 
and served a seven-years apprenticeship at the carpenter's trade. Daring 
that time he attended school for six months only. After attaining his 
majority he continued to follow carpentering for seven years more in Center 
county, and then, in 1845, left Pennsylvania for Indiana. Locating in 
Richmond, he soon afterward entered the employ of the firm of J. M. 
Hutton & Company, with whom he remained until 1849, when the firm was 
changed to A. Gaar & Company. He worked as a pattern-maker and con- 
tinued his connection with the latter firm until 1876, first as employe and 
afterward as partner. He discharged the duties assigned to him in a most 
prompt, faithful and efficient manner, and accordingly won promotion from 
time to time. His salary being accordingly increased, he invested his earn- 
ings in the business until he became one of the heaviest stockholders in the 
mammoth concern. He continued his connection therewith until 1876, 
when, having acquired an ample fortune, he laid aside business cares and 
retired to private life. The policy of the company was, and is, a commend- 
able one. All transactions have ever been conducted on strict business 
principles, and the trust of those with whom they have had dealings has been 
unequivocally given. In the establishment there has been retained a large 
number of employes, who have been the more faithfully devoted to their 
work because they have known that fidelity to duty would at the proper time 
v/m recognition. 

On the 27th of March, 1851, Mr. Campbell was united in marriage to 
Miss Elizabeth Gaar, daughter of Jonas Gaar, deceased. They have three 
children: Howard, a director, treasurer and general manager of Gaar, Scott 
& Company; Elizabeth, wife of George R. Williams, ex-clerk of the circuit 
court of Wayne county; and William Herschel, who is acting as assistant to 
his brother. 

Mr. Campbell is always courteous, kind and affable, and those who know 
him personally have for him high regard. A man of great natural ability, 
his success in business from the beginning of his residence in Richmond has 
been uniform and rapid. As has been truly remarked, after all that may be' 
done for a man m the way of giving him early opportunities for obtaining the 
requirements which are sought in the schools and in books, he must essen- 



?32 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

tially formulate, determine and give shape to liis own character; and this is 
what Mr. Campbell has done. He has persevered in the pursuit of a definite 
purpose and has gained a most satisfactory reward. His life is exemplary in 
all respects and he has ever supported those interests which are calculated 
to benefit and uplift humanity, while his own high moral worth is deserving 
of the highest commendation. 

JOHN H. HUTTON. 

In the death of John H. Hutton, in 1S78, Richmond and Indiana lost 
one of their most prominent and highly respected citizens. As the day, with 
its morning of hope and promise, its noontide of activity, its evening of com- 
pleted and successful efforts, ending in the grateful rest and quiet of the 
night, so was the life of this honored man. His career was a long, busy and 
useful one. He was the founder and promoter of many enterprises which 
advanced the material welfare of the state and added as well to his individual 
prosperity, but although an earnest business man, devoting his whole daily 
time and attention to the further development of his industrial interests, he 
never allowed the pursuit of wealth to warp his kindly nature, but preserved 
his faculties and the warmth of his heart for the broadening and helpful 
influences of human life, being to the end a kindly, genial friend and gentle- 
man with whom it was a pleasure to meet and converse. 

A native of Marj'land, he left his home near New Market, that state, and 
came to Richmond at an early period in the history of this city. He was 
among the early settlers of the town, and at once became a potent factor in 
its substantial development and improvement. In 1836 Isaac Jones began 
the manufacture of stoves here, and three years later, in 1839, sold his 
foundry to John H. and Jesse M. Hutton, brothers, who enlarged and 
renovated the; establishment, and called it the Spring Foundry. In 1841 
they constructed the first threshing machine ever made in Indiana, it being 
of the style known as the "chaff piler. " They carried on a constantly 
increasing business until 1849, when they sold out to what is now Gaar, 
Scott & Company All the members of the Gaar family of the older genera- 
tion worked for the Hutton Brothers, and eventually purchased the foundry, 
which has grown into one of the most extensive concerns in the world. For 
a number of years thereafter our subject and his brother engaged in conduct- 
ing a general iron store, under the firm name of J. M. & J. H. Hutton. 

Our subject was also one of the organizers of the Eaton & Hamilton 
Railroad Company, and was made its president. This company built the 
first railroad into Richmond, the line extending from Cincinnati to Eaton, 
and thence to Richmond. Its importance to the city cannot be overesti- 
mated, and Mr. Hutton deserved honorable recognition for what he did in 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. nm 

that and in other directions tosvard promoting the welfare and progress of 
Wayne county. He was a man of resourceful business ability, of sound judg- 
ment and keen discrimination, and carried forward to successful completion 
whatever he undertook, brooking no obstacles that could be overcome by 
honorable effort. He was engaged in the nursery business, under the firm 
name of Railsbach & Hutton, for a number of years, but retired therefrom in 
1865. Later he was associated with his son in the manufacture of woolen 
hosiery, carrying on that enterprise until his death. His excellent business 
and executive ability won him marked success, and, though the architect of 
his own fortunes, he builded wisely and well. 

Mr. Hutton was thrice married. He wedded Margaret Malsby, and to 
them was born one child, Rebecca, now the wife of Walter Cole, of Hartford 
county, Maryland. The mother died, and Mr. Hutton afterward wedded 
Anna Evans, who died in 1S53, and his third wife bore the maiden name of 
Sarah Evans. By the second marriage there were two children who grew to 
mature years: Albert R., who resides in Richmond, and is special agent for 
the Central Union Telephone Company; and Noah H., who is also a promi- 
nent business man of Richmond, and manager of the Centra! Union Telephone 
Company. 

In his political adherency in early life Mr. Hutton was a Whig, and on 
the dissolution of that party he joined the ranks of the new Republican party, 
with which he affiliated until his death. He was very zealous in its support, 
believing earnestly in its principles, and on its ticket was again and again 
elected county commissioner, continuing in that office to the entire satisfac- 
tion and approbation of the public until he declined to serve longer. Through 
the long years of his residence in Richmond he was ever true to the trust 
reposed in him, whether of a public or private nature, and his reputation in 
business circles was unassailable. He commanded the respect of all by his 
upright life, and engraved his name indelibly on the pages of Wayne county's 
historv. 

GEORGE W. WARD. 

This well known farmer of Center township, Union county, Indiana, 
was born on a farm adjoining the one he now owns and occupies, October 
II, 1830, his parents being David G. and Eleanor (La Fuze) Ward. Mrs. 
Ward was a daughter of Samuel La Fuze. David G. Ward was born at 
Madisonville, Ohio, a son of New Jersey parents, Stephen and Mary 
(Gunung) Ward, who came from their eastern home to the Western Reserve 
in early life and in 1815 moved over into Indiana, settling on the farm on 
which the subject of this sketch was born. Here they spent the closing 
years of their lives and died, each reaching a ripe old age, he being ninetj-- 
two at the time of death and she eighty-eight. They had two sons and one 



^34 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

•daughter, namely: Silas, who spent the whole of his life on the home farm, 
and who died at the advanced age of ninety-two years; David F. , the lather 
of the subject of this sketch; and Laomi, who was the wife of John G. I,eon- 
ard, of Union county. 

David G. Ward lived in Union county until 1852, when here moved to 
Madison county. Later he took up his abode in Montgomery county and 
still later he moved to Thorntown, this state, where he still lives, at this 
writing being in his ninety-second year. In his active life he was a farmer, 
merchant and miller. He was in the dry-goods business in Liberty, Indiana, 
in 1837, afterward erected a mill on Hanna's creek, which he operated for a 
time, and from milling returned to farming. He had twelve children, of 
-whom si.\ are still living, George Washington, the subject of this sketch, 
being the only one now living in Union county. 

George Washington Ward in his youth learned the blacksmith trade, 
but never followed it as a business. In 1855 he went to Montgomery county, 
Indiana, where he lived two years, after which he came to his present farm 
in Center township, Union county. He purchased the greater part of this 
farm, one hundred and eighty-five acres, in 1872, and three years later, in 
1S75, built his present residence. He has carried on generall farming, rais- 
ing grain and stock and giving special attention to fine hogs, e.xhibiting his 
thoroughbred stock at the local fairs. 

Mr. Ward is a public-spirited man and has always been active in promoting 
the general welfare of the people of his county. He served six years as county 
commissioner, having been first elected in 1876. His political faith is that 
of the Republican party, and frequently he has served his party as delegate 
to conventions. For years he has been a member of the Methodist Epis- 
•copal church at Liberty and is a trustee of the same. 

Mr. Ward was married February 14, 1852, to Miss Eleanora Heaven- 
ridge, of Union county, who died in 1868. October 7, 1869, he married 
Miss Martha J. McCreary, of Union county, daughter of John and Mary 
(Williams) McCreary, both now deceased. The children of his first wife are 
Samuel, of Liberty, Indiana; George, of Union county; Lucy and Laura, 
twins, the latter the wife of David Girt, of Mount Comfort, Indiana; the 
former, wife of Frank Hamilton, died in Missouri; Addie, unmarried, lives 
with an uncle in Boone county, Indiana; Mollie, wife of Samuel Flanningan, 
resides in Montgomery county, Indiana. The children of his second marriage 
are Retta, wife of Bert Shriner, of Liberty, Indiana; and Bessie, Grace and 
David, at home. 

Mr. Ward is a member in good standing of the Masonic order, with 
which he has been identified for a period of thirty years. 

Of Mrs. Ward's father, John McCreary, we record that he was born. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 335 

reared and married in Warren county, Ohio. In 1833 he removed with his 
family to Indiana, settling in Union county on a farm that is now owned by 
Mr. Ward. On this farm they both hved until old age, and both died in 
Center township, he at the age of eighty-three years and she at eighty. In 
their family were five children, viz.: Almira, widow of Samuel Borden, of 
■Campbell county, Kentucky; Mary, wife of Charles Paddock, died in 1895; 
Cynthia Ann, wife of Samuel Duvall, is a resident of Liberty, Indiana; 
Martha, wife of the subject of this sketch; and Sarah, wife of Alexander 
Beard, Center township, Union county, Indiana. 

ISAAC C. DOAN. 

One of the pioneer families of Clinton county, Ohio, was that which now 
finds a worthy representative in Richmond, Wayne county, Indiana, in the 
person of Isaac C. Doan. Both he and his ancestors have belonged to the 
Society of Friends, and have exemplified in their daily lives the noble prin- 
•ciples of kindness, peace, justice and benevolence. Whatever has been con- 
ducive to the peace and permanent welfare of this, their native land, they 
have earnestly supported, and for the most part they have led quiet, pastoral 
•lives, in direct communion with nature. 

Born near Wilmington, Clinton county, Ohio, November 26, 1837, Isaac 
■C. Doan is a son of Joseph and Eliza (Carpenter) Doan, who were of 
English and Welsh descent respectively. The father was a son of Josiah 
and grandson of John Doan, both of whom were residents of North Carolina, 
the former born in Guilford county, that state, in 1759. There he married 
Jemima Vestal, and some years afterward he removed with his family to 
Clinton county, Ohio, where he was one of the earliest settlers. He took up 
a tract of land in the forest, and often hunted panthers, bears, deer and other 
game on the present site of Wilmington. He died May 28, 1838, and all of 
his nine children also are deceased. They are named as follows: William, 
Thomas, Jesse, Jacob, Jonathan, Elisha, Joseph, Rachel and Elizabeth. 

Joseph Doan, the father of our subject, was born in Guilford county, 
North Carolina, in 1794, and was a lad of ten years when he came to the 
north. Arrived at maturity, he bought a farm situated three miles to the 
,-northwest of Wilmington, and there he reared his children. For his day, he 
was a man of good education, and for a number of years he taught success- 
>fully in the local schools. He was a natural mathematician, and having 
learned the principles of surveying he was employed to some extent in that 
■ calling. At times he worked as a stone and brick mason, and as a carpenter 
he was likewise an adept, building many of the houses and barns in his sec- 
tion of the county. With these diverse interests he did not neglect his farm, 
-which he cleared and greatly improved. His homestead comprised one hun- 



336 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

dred and thirty acres. In view of the fact that he commenced life a poor 
bo}-, his success was truly remarkable, and his influence in his community 
was always exerted for the good of his neighbors. He was a strong Whig, 
and when the Republican party was organized he enrolled his name under its 
banner. Loved, admired and looked up to by all who knew him, he at 
length received the summons to the better land, his death occurring March 
I, 1 86 1. In the Friends church he was a zealous member from boyhood, 
and in later life was an elder and preacher. Of the ten children born to 
himself and wife, Eliza, all grew to maturity save Edward, the eldest son, 
who was killed by a falling tree when he was ten years of age. The other 
children are as follows: Mrs. Phcebe Timberlake, who lives near Wilming- 
ton, Ohio; Nathan and Thomas, deceased; Jacob, of Santa Clara county, 
California; M. Jemima, wife of Dr. Edwin Hadley, of Richmond; Mary and 
Joseph, deceased; and Isaac C. and Elizabeth, of Richmond. Thomas offered 
up his life to his country, dying after four years of hard and active service in 
the defense of the union. For one year he was captain of a company in the 
Twelfth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and later he was a lieuten- 
ant-colonel and brevet colonel of the One Hundred and First Indiana. 

Reared in the parental home and educated in the elemental y branches 
of learning in the vicinity, Isaac C. Doan then pursued the higher branches 
of the sciences and languages in Earlham College, at Richmond, and was in 
his junior year when the civil war broke out. He enlisted in Conipanj- B, 
Fortieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, September 17, 1861, as a private and 
served for three years and twenty-two days, being discharged, near Atlanta, 
October 7, 1864. During the last year of his army life he was sergeant and 
clerk to the adjutant-general at brigade headquarters. Among the numerous 
battles in which he participated were Middle Creek (Kentucky), Franklin, 
Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Buzzards" 
Roost, Snake Creek Gap, Rocky Face Ridge, Dalton, Resaca, Kingston, 
Altoona, Pinetop Mountain, Kenesaw, New Hope Church, Chattahoochie, 
Peach Tree Creek, storming of Atlanta and the engagements at Jonesboro and 
Lovejoy Station. During the engagement at Chickamauga, on Sunday after- 
noon his regiment lost forty-five per cent, of their men in killed and wounded, 
and Mr. Doan received a slight injury to his ankle. He was very activelj' 
engaged in the famous storming of Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge, and 
participated in the whole Atlanta campaign, which included many decisive 
battles. For seventeen days he was on continuous duty in front of Kenesaw, 
and often for weeks at a time he was under almost constant fire of the enemy. 

Returning home, Mr. Doan came to Richmond early in 1866, and has 
since been a citizen of this place. For three years he was engaged in con- 
tracting and building, but for thirty years he has been in the tire and life 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 337 

insurance business, and now represents twelve of the leading companies in the 
United States. For a quarter of a century he has acted in the capacit}' of 
a notary public, and has transacted a large amount of business for the public. 
In politics he has been a stanch Republican since he became a voter, and in 
1 894 and in 1 898 he was his party's candidate for the county clerkship of this 
county, to which he was elected November 8, 1898. Fraternally he belongs 
to Sol Meredith Post. No. 55, Grand Army of the Republic, of which he is 
past commander; Richmond Lodge, No. 196, Free and Accepted Masons; 
King Solomon's Chapter, No. 4, Royal Arch Masons; Woodward Lodge, No. 
.212, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and Encampment No. 28 of the- 
same order. Religiously he adheres to the Friends' faith, as has previously 
been stated. 

The first marriage of Mr. Doan was solemnized in 1865, when Miss 
Matilda Macy became his bride. Their only surviving child is Mary Yeo, of 
St. Louis. Mr. Doan's present wife, to whom he was married in 1886, was 
formerly Miss Miriam Allen, of this cit)'. Two children were born to them, 
of whom Marguerite C. survives. 

DAVID RIEGEL. 

The most enduring monument which can be erected to the memor\" of 
loved ones is not made of marble or granite, for time, alas! crumbles these 
away; and, precious as are the cherished memories in the hearts of friends, 
within a few years these associates will be sleeping in the silent churchyard. 
Naught endures save the written record, the page glowing with the records 
of the noble life and kindly deeds, — these alone hand down to generations of 
the future the history of the past, of the hardy pioneers whose brave patriot- 
ism and undaunted hearts paved the way to prosperity and civilization. 

One of the manly, respected citizens of Union county was David Riegel, 
whose birth occurred in Brownsville township, December 31, 1838, and who, 
after a life filled with kindly acts and laborious enterprises, passed to his 
reward, April 25, 1896. He was one of the eight children of John and Mary 
(Gushwa) Riegel, who were early settlers in Brownsville township, and came 
to this section from Pennsylvania about 18 18. They resided at their home- 
stead in Philomath thenceforward until death, the father dying when about 
sixty and the mother at eighty-four years of age. The latter was a 
member of the Reformed Presbyterian church for the e.xtrernely long period 
of sixty-seven years. Their son John lives upon a farm in Christian county, 
Illinois, and Jacob is a farmer of Barton county, Kansas. A daughter, Mar- 
garet, married John Plankenhorn, of Wayne county, this state, and both are 
deceased. Susan and her husband, Moses ICidwell, are also both deceased. 
Sarah, widow of Jacob Plessinger, resides on the old Riegel homestead. 



338 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Mar}', who became the wife of Thomas Young, died in Missouri; and Lydia, 
widow of Henry McCasliland, Hves in Wayne county, this state. 

On the 5th of June, 1861, David Riegel married Miss Mary E. Cleven- 
ger, who was born near Centerville, Wayne county, July 16, 1842, and sur- 
vives her husband. Four years after their marriage they removed from the 
farm near Philomath, where they had thus far dwelt, to the George Idefarm, 
one and a fourth miles up the river from Brownsville. This place they had 
purchased, and here their happy home was made for many years. The 
house, standing on a fine, high bluff rising from the Whitewater river, com- 
mands an extensive view of the valley which the river traverses, and is situ- 
ated on one of the most picturesque sites in that locality. The farm, a place 
of one hundred and seventy-two acres, is one of the most fertile and pro- 
ductive ones in the alluvial valley, and here Mr. Riegel raised all kinds of 
grain and various other crops, and became noted for the large numbers of 
cattle and hogs which he raised and fed. One year he sold one thousand 
nine hundred and sixty dollars' worth of hogs alone. In addition to this place 
he owned what is known as the John Black farm, opposite Yankeetown, a 
place of one hundred and forty-eight acres; and this he rented. He made 
numerous valuable improvements on his farms and kept everything in fine 
'Condition. 

He was an excellent financier, and it was one of his firmest principles to 
keep out of debt; and after his death it was found that only one bill, of five 
'dollars, was outstanding, — a truly remarkable and commendable thing. After 
■he had spent many years in hard, unremitting labor, he concluded that he 
was entitled to take life a triife easier, and he bought a neat home in Browns- 
ville. It was on the 19th of March, 1896, that he moved from the farm, and 
about a month later, April 25, the summons of death came to him. He had 
always enjoyed remarkably good health, was a fine-appearing man, with 
scarcely a gray hair, and until his last illness had never required the services 
of a physician. In religious views he was in harmony with the Methodist 
Episcopal church and for several years was connected with the denomina- 
tion. Politically he was a stanch Democrat. In 1873 he joined the Masonic 
order, and was widely and favorably known in the fraternity, as he frequently 
visited lodges in various places and for twelve years was senior warden of his 
home lodge. He was buried under the auspices of the Masons in Doddridge 
• cemetery, in Wayne county. A handsome monument, the most beautiful in 
'design and workmanship of any in the cemetery, was erected to his memory 
iby his widow, who for thirty-five years had shared his joys and sorrows, and 
had proved herself a true helpmate. 

Mrs. David Riegel is a daughter of Samuel and Ruth (Spahr) Cleven- 
ger. The father, who was born in 1810, in Ohio, came to this state when a 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 839 

lad of eleven years and from that time until his death, in 1881, at the age 
of seventy-one, he lived in Wayne county. His widow survived until Sep- 
tember, 1895, when she, too, passed to the better land, aged eighty-two years. 
She has made her home with her daughter, Mrs. Riegel, for about eight 
years. She was a native of Virginia, but had been brought to Wayne 
county, Indiana, as early as 1814, and had witnessed all the development of 
that region. Her father, John Spahr, gave to each of his six children two 
hundred acres, and she had lived on her property all of her long life, save 
the last eight years. Her family were noted for longevity, three of her 
brothers and sisters reaching more advanced age than she. 

Since the death of Mr. Riegel his widow has managed the estate with 
marked ability and enterprise. Not only has she made many substantial and 
valuable improvements on her property, but she has also bought another farm, 
of sixty acres, and has judiciously beautified her village home. Years ago 
she was .so unfortunate as to lose over two thousand dollars of the money 
left her by her father, it being bank stock which was involved in the Coffin 
bank failure in Richmond, Indiana. Since she was thirteen years old she 
has been a faithful and consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and takes great interest in its welfare. Recently she gave four hun- 
dred dollars to the Brownsville church, — the funds invested in real estate, 
and the interest on the same to go toward the pastor's salary; and in addi- 
tion to this she donated a new organ to the church. As she had no chil- 
dren of her own, she opened her heart and home to two children, caring for 
them until they were grown. The son, John Gear, whom she adopted when 
he was six years old, was killed by the cars, at Liberty, four years ago. The 
little girl, who became a member of the household at thirteen years of age, 
was Hattie Foster, now the wife of Jacob Riegel, nephew of David Riegel. 

GEORGE W. STEVENSON. 

Among the citizens of Richmond to whom is vouchsafed an honored 
retirement from labor, as the reward of a long, active and useful business 
career, is George W. Stevenson, who, through an extended period, was 
prominently connected with the agricultural interests of Wayne county. He 
was born in Boston township, this county, November 29, 1821, his parents 
being Joseph and Sarah (Martin) Stevenson. The family is of English 
descent on the paternal side. The grandfather, George Stevenson, was born 
near Baltimore, Maryland, August 18, 1757, and was a son of Joseph and 
Rachel Stevenson, who also were natives of that state. He and five of his 
brothers served in one company in the colonial army, under General Wash- 
ington, and were loyal patriots who valiantly aided in the war for independ- 
ence. George Stevenson was reared in Maryland, and there wedded Sarah 



340 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

Cropper, January 6. 1782. The lady was born in the same state, November 
24, 1763, was of Scotch descent, and was a daughter of Vincent and Hannah 
Cropper. In 1807 George and Sarah Stevenson came to Indiana, locating 
in what is now Boston township, Wayne county. The former died August 
31, 1828, and the latter passed away February 20, 1830. They were the 
parents of eight children, namely: Vincent, Rachel, Joseph, George, Sarah, 
James, Levi and Thomas. All were born in Maryland and came to Indiana 
with their parents, the journey being made by stage. 

Joseph Stevenson, the father of our subject, was the third in order of 
birth, and was born June 2, 1786. He was married in Wayne county, Sep- 
tember 12, 181 1, to Sarah Martin, a daughter of Aaron and Mary Martin, 
who came to Wayne county in 1806. In 18 12 the father entered from the 
government one hundred and sixty acres of land, comprising the northeast 
quarter of section 30, Boston township. He was an associate judge and 
held other positions of responsibility and trust. He was also a mmister of 
the regular Baptist cfjurch, and one of the organizers of that denomination 
in Wayne county. His death occurred August 13, 1826, and he lies buried 
near the old Elkhorn church, of which he was one of the founders. He was 
a strong abolitionist, and it was his hatred of slavery that prompted his 
removal from Maryland. He afterward wrote a book against it, and at all 
times used his influence to further the principles of freedom. He continued 
his ministerial labors in connection with the work of the farm, and his influ- 
ence for good was most potent among the early pioneers of Wayne county. 
In public affairs he was also a leading factor, aided in the organization of the 
county, and was one of its first officers. He had four children: James, a 
minister of the Baptist church; Sarah, Samuel and Elizabeth. 

In the development and improvement of the wild lands of this locality 
Joseph Stevenson, father of our subject, bore his part, carrying on agri- 
cultural pursuits in Boston township until his life's labors were ended, Novem- 
ber 29, 1837, at the age of fifty-one years. In those early days he also 
hauled produce to Cincinnati and brought back merchandise for Richmond 
business men. In politics he was a Whig, as was his father and his father- 
in-law, and in religious belief was a Baptist, taking an active part in the 
work of the church to which he belonged. He reared a large family, of 
whom two sons and three daughters are now living. 

Of this number George W. Stevenson is a representative. He was 
reared on the old farmstead, and on entering upon his business career chose 
the occupation to which he devoted his energies in his youth. He became 
the owner of some valuable land, in Boston township, which he placed under 
a high state of cultivation, transforming it into rich and fertile fields. He 
also engaged quite extensively in stock-raising, making a specialty of cattle. 



BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 341 

but also raising some horses. He is an excellent judge of stock, and in both 
branches of his business he met with good success. He is still the owner of 
a valuable farm of two hundred acres, in Boston township, from which he 
derives a good income. At one time he engaged in merchandising in Ran- 
dolph county for two jears and for a similar period in Boston township, but 
never left the old homestead until November, 1883, when he removed to No. 
1 3 14 East Main street, Richmond, where he has since resided. His energy 
and enterprise, capable management and honorable dealings had brought to 
him a comfortable competence, and therefore he put aside all business cares 
to rest in the enjoyment of the fruits of his former toil. 

On the 14th of March, 1844, Mr. Stevenson wedded Mary A. Burk, of 
Boston township, a daughter of John and Margaret Burk, and he now has a 
family of four sons and three daughters living. One son, Joseph, owns and 
conducts a livery and sale stable at Nos. 14-17 South Seventh street, where 
he has been located since 1889. He is the sole owner and is enjoying a very 
liberal patronage. He also conducts a transfer business, and his enterprise 
and industry are bringing to him a most desirable success. Another son, 
James W., of Roseville, Warren county, Illinois, is superintendent of the 
city water works, is an expert electrician, and owns a half interest in the 
electric-light plant there. 

In his early life Mr. Stevenson gave his political support to the Whig 
party, and on its dissolution became a stanch Republican. Since that time 
he has been unwavering in his support of Republican principles and does all 
in his power to promote the growth and insure the success of his party. He 
has filled most of the township offices, — was township trustee of Boston town- 
ship for six or seven years, and was justice of the peace for one term of four 
years. He has ever discharged his duties in a prompt and faithful manner, 
thus winning the commendation of all concerned. He is now a trustee of 
the First Methodist Episcopal church in Richmond, and for nearly half a 
century has been connected with that denomination. He labors earnestly for 
its advancement and exemplifies in his life its teachings. His reputation in 
business has ever been unassailable and in all the walks of life he is found 
true to duty and to the trust reposed in him. 

BENJAMIN HILL. 
Benjamin Hill, the subject of this sketch, was born in Dearborn, now 
Wayne, county, Indiana, September 23, 1809. His parents were natives of 
Randolph county, North Carolina. His father, Benjamin Hill, Sr. , was 
born June 22, 1770, and was of English descent. In early manhood he 
married Mary Jessup. Their children were John, who died in Rush county, 
Indiana; Sarah, wife of Jehosaphat Morris; Jacob, who died in Henry 



342 BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL HISTORY. 

county, Indiana; William, who died in Rush county; Joseph, who died in 
Boone county, Indiana, at the age of eighty years; and Mary, who was the 
wife of Richard Haworth, and died in Kansas. 

In 1802 Benjamin Hill, Sr., removed with his family to Carroll county, 
Virginia, and in the autumn of 1S06 became one of the honored pioneers of 
Indiana, locating in the midst of the unbroken forest, about three miles east 
of the present city of Richmond. There the family suffered all the hard- 
ships and privations incident to frontier life, and also bore a prominent and 
active part in the work of development and progress. Not long after their 
arrival in Wayne county the wife of Benjamin Hill died, and he afterward 
married Martha Cox, who was born November 28, 1779, and came to 
Indiana in 1807 with her mother and two sisters. One sister, Jane Cox, 
married John Harvey and lived near Centerville. The other sister, Mary 
Cox, became the wife of John Small. The mother resided with her daughter 
Martha until her death. The children of Benjamin and Martha Hill were 
Benjamin, our subject; Harmon, who lived near Richmond, and died at the 
age of sixty-seven years; Rebecca, who became the wife of Thomas Newby, 
and died in early womanhood; Ezra, who lived in Wayne township, Wayne 
county, and died at the age of seventy-five years; and Enos, who is the only 
surviving member of the family, his home being near Richmond. For many 
years in the pioneer epoch in the history of Wayne county Benjamin Hill, 
Sr., was extensively engaged in farming, and also built the flour and saw mill 
east of Richmond, long known as Hill's Mills. He was a life-long orthodox 
Quaker, and died February 9, 1829, in his fifty-ninth year; while' his wife, 
Martha Hill, passed away January 25, 1867, in the eighty-eighth year of 
her age. 

Benjamin Hill, our subject, during the greater part of his life carried on 
agricultural pursuits. He married Sarah Hoover, daughter of David 
Hoover, and soon afterward removed to a fine farm, three miles east of 
Richmond, where he resided for almost half a century, conducting his busi- 
ness affairs with such energy and judgment that he won a handsome com- 
petence. In connection with his brothers he carried on the mill built by 
their father until in 1839 he located on the homestead farm, the greater 
part of which he cleared of the native forest trees. He first owned one 
hundred and sixty acres of land, but added to his possessions until within the 
boundaries of his farm were comprised two hundred and thirty acres. He 
also acquired other valuable real estate. He was for a time connected with 
his brother Ezra in the ownership and operation of a large fiouring-mill 
north of Richmond. A very energetic, enterprising and honorable business 
man, he carried forward to succes